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Pigüé is a town in Argentina
Argentina
Argentina , officially the Argentine Republic , is the second largest country in South America by land area, after Brazil. It is constituted as a federation of 23 provinces and an autonomous city, Buenos Aires...

 located in the Pampas, 584 km (363 mi) south-west of Buenos Aires
Buenos Aires
Buenos Aires is the capital and largest city of Argentina, and the second-largest metropolitan area in South America, after São Paulo. It is located on the western shore of the estuary of the Río de la Plata, on the southeastern coast of the South American continent...

. It was founded by 165 Occitan-speaking French
France
The French Republic , The French Republic , The French Republic , (commonly known as France , is a unitary semi-presidential republic in Western Europe with several overseas territories and islands located on other continents and in the Indian, Pacific, and Atlantic oceans. Metropolitan France...

 immigrants from Aveyron
Aveyron
Aveyron is a département in southern France named after the Aveyron River.- History :Aveyron is one of the original 83 departments created during the French Revolution on 4 March 1790....

 and one Argentine of direct Irish
Republic of Ireland
Ireland , described as the Republic of Ireland , is a sovereign state in Europe occupying approximately five-sixths of the island of the same name. Its capital is Dublin. Ireland, which had a population of 4.58 million in 2011, is a constitutional republic governed as a parliamentary democracy,...

 descent on December 4, 1884. The urban population is now 13,822 (INDEC 2001) and has increased by 9.5% since the 1991 census. Pigüé is the administrative centre of Saavedra Partido
Saavedra Partido
Saavedra Partido is a partido of Buenos Aires Province in Argentina.The provincial subdivision has a population of about 20,000 inhabitants in an area of 3,491 km², and its capital city is Pigüé, which is located around 584km from Buenos Aires.-Settlements:...

, Buenos Aires Province
Buenos Aires Province
The Province of Buenos Aires is the largest and most populous province of Argentina. It takes the name from the city of Buenos Aires, which used to be the provincial capital until it was federalized in 1880...

.

A brief account


Pigüé, which means gathering place in Mapuche
Mapuche
The Mapuche are a group of indigenous inhabitants of south-central Chile and southwestern Argentina. They constitute a wide-ranging ethnicity composed of various groups who shared a common social, religious and economic structure, as well as a common linguistic heritage. Their influence extended...

 tongue, is home to an Occitan-speaking community coming from Rouergue
Rouergue
Rouergue is a former province of France, bounded on the north by Auvergne, on the south and southwest by Languedoc, on the east by Gévaudan and on the west by Quercy...

, Occitania
Occitania
Occitania , also sometimes lo País d'Òc, "the Oc Country"), is the region in southern Europe where Occitan was historically the main language spoken, and where it is sometimes still used, for the most part as a second language...

. It is located where two chains of hills meet, the Cura Malal to the west and the Bravard to the east. But Pigüé would never exist as a town were it not for Clément Cabanettes
Clément Cabanettes
Clément Cabanettes was born in Ambec near the small town of Saint-Côme-d'Olt in the southern French département of Aveyron. He is remembered for bringing forty families from Aveyron to Argentina and founding the town of Pigüé, Saavedra in 1884....

, a man born in 1851 in the small village of Ambec, commune of Lassouts near Saint-Côme in the southern French département of Aveyron. Cabanettes, then 33 of age, organized the voluntary exile of forty poverty-stricken farming families (as in "groups of relatives") from the surrounding communes of Espalion
Espalion
Espalion is a commune in the Aveyron department in southern France.-Main sights:*Château de Calmont d'Olt*The Pont-Vieux is part of the World Heritage Sites of the Routes of Santiago de Compostela in France....

, Gabriac
Gabriac, Aveyron
Gabriac is a commune in the Aveyron department in southern France.-Population:...

, Naucelle
Naucelle
Naucelle is a commune in the Aveyron department in southern France.-Population:...

, Aurelle
Aurelle-Verlac
Aurelle-Verlac is a commune in the Aveyron department in southern France.-Population:-References:*...

 and Saint-Geniez-d'Olt
Saint-Geniez-d'Olt
Saint-Geniez-d'Olt is a commune in the Aveyron department in southern France.-Population:Its inhabitants are called Marmots.-External links:*...

, to name but a few, to South America.

Having left Rodez
Rodez
Rodez is a town and commune in southern France, in the Aveyron department, of which it is the capital. Its inhabitants are called Ruthénois.-History:Existing from at least the 5th century BC, Rodez was founded by the Celts...

, the préfecture
Préfecture
A prefecture in France can refer to :*the Chef-lieu de département, the town in which the administration of a department is located;*the Chef-lieu de région, the town in which the administration of a region is located;...

of Aveyron, by train on October 23, 1884 and reached the city of Buenos Aires, Argentina on a combined steam- and sailing-ship called Belgrano from Bordeaux
Bordeaux
Bordeaux is a port city on the Garonne River in the Gironde department in southwestern France.The Bordeaux-Arcachon-Libourne metropolitan area, has a population of 1,010,000 and constitutes the sixth-largest urban area in France. It is the capital of the Aquitaine region, as well as the prefecture...

 (October 25) some 38 days later, they arrived at the brand-new railway station of what would become Pigüé on December 3, 1884. The "Aveyron colony", reminiscent of the Mayflower
Mayflower
The Mayflower was the ship that transported the English Separatists, better known as the Pilgrims, from a site near the Mayflower Steps in Plymouth, England, to Plymouth, Massachusetts, , in 1620...

, subsequently welcomed more immigrants from the Rodez area and eventually became, after a very unlucky and ruinous start, one of the most prosperous settlements in the Pampas. Around 20,000 people now live in and around Pigüé, in the Buenos Aires district of Saavedra
Saavedra Partido
Saavedra Partido is a partido of Buenos Aires Province in Argentina.The provincial subdivision has a population of about 20,000 inhabitants in an area of 3,491 km², and its capital city is Pigüé, which is located around 584km from Buenos Aires.-Settlements:...

.

Background and preparation



Second Lieutenant Cabanettes had initially travelled to Buenos Aires in 1879 where he'd been hired to drill Argentine troops. In the following year he started the first telephone company in the country, "El Pan Teléfono" (sometimes also "La Pantelefónica"), before resigning for mutual incompatibility with the board. He then moved to Olavarría
Olavarría
Olavarría is a city in the province of Buenos Aires, Argentina, located. It is the capital of the Olavarría Partido and has over 111,320 inhabitants, per the ....

 and worked in the wheat-harvesting machinery business. That is when he thought of bringing fellow countrypeople from Aveyron to the Pigüé area where he'd just bought 270 square kilometres of land, which the Government of the Buenos Aires Province had sold him for a derisory sum in recognition of his services. Cabanettes instantly fell in love with the place: it reminded him of his native Aubrac
Aubrac
Aubrac is a town in the southern Massif Central of France. The name is also applied to the surrounding landscape, which is properly called L'Aubrac in French. The Aubrac region has been a member of the Natura 2000 network since August 2006...

. With the financial help and persuasive know-how of his friend Eduardo Casey
Eduardo Casey
Eduardo Casey was an Argentine born of Irish parents in 1847 in Buenos Aires. In 1880 he purchased of land in Santa Fe Province and founded there the present-day city of Venado Tuerto, named after a one-eyed deer that alerted early settlers to attacks by local Indians. He also helped in the...

, Cabanettes managed to have the Pigüé station added to the planned railway line of Ferro Carril Sud. They also had accommodation and a huge silo built for the future settlers, plus a well dug.

Cabanettes returned to Aveyron where his friend François Issaly had already started promoting the Pigüé colony, offering each settler two square kilometres of land to cultivate for the next six years on condition that they gave half of their harvest to the community. At the end of this trial period, the settler would receive a title deed, whatever the value of the crops they'd shared over the six years. All the settlers were asked was a 5,000-franc
French franc
The franc was a currency of France. Along with the Spanish peseta, it was also a de facto currency used in Andorra . Between 1360 and 1641, it was the name of coins worth 1 livre tournois and it remained in common parlance as a term for this amount of money...

 contribution for the purchase of cattle, seeds and machines, but it turned out that many actually never paid the full price, which left Cabanettes even more indebted to Casey, whom he had borrowed money from. Given that unemployment was ripe in and around Rodez following massive job cuts in the Decazeville
Decazeville
Decazeville is a commune in the Aveyron department in the Midi-Pyrénées region in southern France.The commune was created in the 19th century because of the Industrial Revolution and was named after the Duke of Decazes , the founder of the factory that created the town.-History:The town is built...

 mining industries, overpopulated rural areas and the phylloxera
Phylloxera
Grape phylloxera ; originally described in France as Phylloxera vastatrix; equated to the previously described Daktulosphaira vitifoliae, Phylloxera vitifoliae; commonly just called phylloxera is a pest of commercial grapevines worldwide, originally native to eastern North America...

 crisis (1882-1890), Cabanettes's idea aroused some interest. Meanwhile, the Aveyron press grew hostile to Cabanettes's project, accusing "the adventurer" of exploiting poor people's misery and painting in glowing colours a most dangerous place full of ferocious and vicious exotic beasts.

First steps in the promised land



Despite these initial difficulties, the 163 colonists, who also comprised a teacher, a blacksmith, a cartwright, a priest and a tradesman, were found and brought to Pigüé where they enthusiastically started cultivating the land, although the first harvest of wheat was quite disappointing. The farming techniques were obviously the ones used back home in Aveyron but these were not the best option with much different climate, relief and soil. The second year was even worse, with drought from the month of March through September. Some sowed maize and potatoes on top of the corn, fearing nothing would come out at all. However, heavy rains fell in autumn, which proved enough for all crops to grow, providing for a mediocre harvest. Still, the settlers kept the faith and none returned to France. On the contrary, more arrived. "The promised land
Promised land
The Promised Land is a term used to describe the land promised or given by God, according to the Hebrew Bible, to the Israelites, the descendants of Jacob. The promise is firstly made to Abraham and then renewed to his son Isaac, and to Isaac's son Jacob , Abraham's grandson...

" was well worth the sacrifices, according to letters they sent to their relatives. "Monsieur Cabanettes cannot be accused of promising more butter than bread".

On the third year though, finding himself unable to repay Casey as planned, Cabanettes asked and obtained a twelve-month extension of due date. But this was not enough for Pigüé to make profits and Casey first decided, as his contract allowed him to, to repossess all land but eventually changed his mind and chose to grant Cabanettes an extra 50,000 peso
Peso
The word peso was the name of a coin that originated in Spain and became of immense importance internationally...

s instead, thus wiping his friend's slate clean. The whole colony, facing growing difficulties despite breeding more bovine cattle than sheep now, turned out to be a complete failure and the Government of Buenos Aires finally bought back the settlement at the price of naked land, ignoring the buildings and crops, and leaving Cabanettes with no benefits and glory. Cabanettes and Casey died even poorer than the families they saved and gave back hope to but their generosity and blind perseverance ensured that Pigüé remains to this day a grateful piece of Aveyron in South America.

Interesting facts

  • Pigüé's present-day inhabitants still speak the variety of Occitan spoken in Rouergue
    Rouergue
    Rouergue is a former province of France, bounded on the north by Auvergne, on the south and southwest by Languedoc, on the east by Gévaudan and on the west by Quercy...

     and streets, most notably calle de Rodez, and other places bear the names of Aveyron-related toponyms, which prompted the creation of an association called Rouergue-Pigüé based in the mairie of Saint-Côme-d'Olt and an overseas twinning with Rodez.
  • In 1858 the Battle of Pi-Hué saw the final victory of Colonel Nicolás Granada's troops over the legendary chief Juan Callvucura's united tribes on the ground of what would become Pigüé some thirty years later.
  • In 1876 the Battle of Cura Malal between Colonel Salvador Maldonado and Chief Juan José Catriel sealed the fate of Native resistance in the area as Maldonado's triumph brought about the building of various military forts.
  • An 1878 decision by the National Government ordered that Lieutenant-Colonel Plaza Montero released 3,000 square kilometres in the area and established farming-centred utilities.
  • In 1882 Plaza Montero sold his concession to a British union whose representative in Argentina was Eduardo Casey. The company was renamed to "La Cura-Malal".
  • In 1898 a group of Pigüé farmers, unhappy with the low compensations given by the insurance companies of Buenos Aires, decided to unite and be their own insurers, especially against hailstorms. This is how the first and oldest cooperative in Argentina and all South America, "El Progreso Agrícola de Pigüé", was born.
  • Pigüé is where the First Conscription of the Republic of Argentina took place.
  • Numa Ayrinhac
    Numa Ayrinhac
    Numa Ayrinhac was a Franco-Argentine artist. He was born in Aveyron, Occitania, France in 1881 and moved with his parents aged five to the new settlement of Pigüé, Saavedra, Argentina. He is famous for painting portraits of Eva and Juan Domingo Perón....

    , the Franco-Argentine artist and sculptor famous for painting various portrait
    Portrait
    thumb|250px|right|Portrait of [[Thomas Jefferson]] by [[Rembrandt Peale]], 1805. [[New-York Historical Society]].A portrait is a painting, photograph, sculpture, or other artistic representation of a person, in which the face and its expression is predominant. The intent is to display the likeness,...

    s of Eva
    Eva Perón
    María Eva Duarte de Perón was the second wife of President Juan Perón and served as the First Lady of Argentina from 1946 until her death in 1952. She is often referred to as simply Eva Perón, or by the affectionate Spanish language diminutive Evita.She was born in the village of Los Toldos in...

     and Juan Perón
    Juan Perón
    Juan Domingo Perón was an Argentine military officer, and politician. Perón was three times elected as President of Argentina though he only managed to serve one full term, after serving in several government positions, including the Secretary of Labor and the Vice Presidency...

    , was from Pigüé. One of these portraits depicted the couple together, which was a first in Argentina.
  • Each year on December 4, the inhabitants of Pigüé celebrate the creation of their town by the Aveyron diaspora
    Diaspora
    A diaspora is "the movement, migration, or scattering of people away from an established or ancestral homeland" or "people dispersed by whatever cause to more than one location", or "people settled far from their ancestral homelands".The word has come to refer to historical mass-dispersions of...

    .
  • An estimated 30 to 40% of Pigüé's modern inhabitants, which represents roughly 5,000+, are said to have their roots in Aveyron.
  • Later migrants included Italians
    Italy
    Italy , officially the Italian Republic languages]] under the European Charter for Regional or Minority Languages. In each of these, Italy's official name is as follows:;;;;;;;;), is a unitary parliamentary republic in South-Central Europe. To the north it borders France, Switzerland, Austria and...

    , Spaniards
    Spain
    Spain , officially the Kingdom of Spain languages]] under the European Charter for Regional or Minority Languages. In each of these, Spain's official name is as follows:;;;;;;), is a country and member state of the European Union located in southwestern Europe on the Iberian Peninsula...

     and an important number of Volga German
    Volga German
    The Volga Germans were ethnic Germans living along the River Volga in the region of southern European Russia around Saratov and to the south. Recruited as immigrants to Russia in the 18th century, they were allowed to maintain German culture, language, traditions and churches: Lutherans, Reformed,...

     settlers.

The founding 166


There follows a list of all 165 founding settlers from Aveyron, to which must be added Eduardo Casey (37), an Argentine born of Irish parents in 1847 and friend of Cabanettes's, without whose financial and moral support Pigüé would never have come to be:
  • Ambec:
    • Clément Cabanettes (aged 33);
    • Sylvain Cabanettes (28) and his wife Marie (26);
    • Sylvie Cabanettes (19) and Clémence (17)
  • Arvieu
    Arvieu
    Arvieu is a commune in the Aveyron department in southern France.-Population:-Geography:The Lac de Pareloup forms most of the commune's eastern border....

    :
    • Auguste Cransac;
    • Amans Verdier (25), his wife Rosalie (23) and their daughter Germaine (1)
  • Aurelle-Verlac:
    • Alexandre Bras (51), his wife Émilie (41) and their six children Julie (18), who was the first school teacher in Pigüé, Émilie (17), Denis (15), Léon (10), Alexandre (6) and Berthe (4)
  • Bozouls
    Bozouls
    Bozouls is a commune in the Aveyron department in southern France.It is located on Route Maquis de Jean Pierre thirty minutes from Rodez, one hour from the Gorges du Tarn, two hours northeast of Toulouse, and six and a half hours due south of Paris....

    :
    • Joseph Brouzes (24)
  • Campuac
    Campuac
    Campuac is a commune in the Aveyron department in southern France.-Population:...

    :
    • Louis Delport (38)
  • Castelmary
    Castelmary
    Castelmary is a commune in the Aveyron department in southern France.-Population:...

    :
    • Antoine Blanc (42), his wife Émilie (32) and their daughter Léontine (5)
  • Coubisou
    Coubisou
    Coubisou is a commune in the Aveyron department in southern France.-Population:...

    :
    • Jean-Marie Serp (27);
    • Mr Vassal
  • Coussergues
    Coussergues
    Coussergues is a commune in the Aveyron department in southern France.-Population:-References:*...

    :
    • Jean Viguié (28)
  • Espalion
    Espalion
    Espalion is a commune in the Aveyron department in southern France.-Main sights:*Château de Calmont d'Olt*The Pont-Vieux is part of the World Heritage Sites of the Routes of Santiago de Compostela in France....

    :
    • Jean-Pierre Arlabosse (18);
    • Augustin Champredonde (30), his wife Lucie (20) and their son Augustin (2);
    • Eugène Girbal (16);
    • Jean Guizard (24)
  • Gabriac
    Gabriac, Aveyron
    Gabriac is a commune in the Aveyron department in southern France.-Population:...

    :
    • Bertrand Blazy (33), his wife Julie (33) and their three children Clément (5), Joseph (3) and Alphonse (1);
    • Basile Boucays (41);
    • François Gay (45) and his wife Françoise (55);
    • Casimir Ponssié (20)
  • Gramont:
    • Victor Couderc (27)
  • Lassouts
    Lassouts
    Lassouts is a commune in the Aveyron department in southern France.-Population:...

    :
    • Alexis Domergue (46), the priest
  • Livinhac-le-Haut
    Livinhac-le-Haut
    Livinhac-le-Haut is a commune in the Aveyron department in southern France.-Population:-Personalities:...

    :
    • Adrien Soulages (36), his wife Rose (36) and their four children Marie (13), Victor (8), Léontine (6) and Justine (2)
  • Montrozier
    Montrozier
    Montrozier is a commune in the Aveyron department in southern France.-Population:...

    :
    • Joseph Ferrand (44), his wife Julie (33) and their four children Joseph (11), François (9), Henri (5) and Marie (2)
  • Moyrazès
    Moyrazès
    Moyrazès is a commune in the Aveyron department in southern France.-Population:-References:*...

    :
    • Amans Ginestet (27)
  • Naucelle
    Naucelle
    Naucelle is a commune in the Aveyron department in southern France.-Population:...

    :
    • Joseph Dellac (15);
    • Auguste Fraysse (25) and his wife Marie (24);
    • Louis Lacombe (19)
  • Nauviale
    Nauviale
    Nauviale is a commune in the Aveyron department in southern France.-Population:...

    :
    • Charles Causse (41) and his wife Marie (29);
    • Germain Savy (22)
  • Prades-Salars
    Prades-Salars
    Prades-Salars is a commune in the Aveyron department in southern France.-Population:-References:*...

    :
    • François Gay (not the François Gay from Gabriac)
  • Rieupeyroux
    Rieupeyroux
    Rieupeyroux is a commune in the Aveyron department in southern France.-Population:...

    :
    • Adrien Couffin (29)
  • Rodez
    Rodez
    Rodez is a town and commune in southern France, in the Aveyron department, of which it is the capital. Its inhabitants are called Ruthénois.-History:Existing from at least the 5th century BC, Rodez was founded by the Celts...

    :
    • Justin Calmels (17)
    • Adrien Garabuau (23)
    • François Roubellac (19)
  • Saint-Christophe-Vallon
    Saint-Christophe-Vallon
    Saint-Christophe-Vallon is a commune in the Aveyron department in southern France.-Population:-References:*...

    :
    • Arthémon Viala (52), his wife Marie (36) and their seven children Léonie (19), Casimir (16), Albine (12), Marie (7), Anaïs (6), Aurélie (5) and Charles (2)
  • Saint-Côme-d'Olt
    Saint-Côme-d'Olt
    Saint-Côme-d'Olt is a commune in the Aveyron department in southern France.-Population:-References:*...

    :
    • Lucien Cabanettes (36), his wife Lucie (29) and their daughter Sylvie (6);
    • Auguste Mathat (22)
  • Saint-Cyprien-sur-Dourdou
    Saint-Cyprien-sur-Dourdou
    Saint-Cyprien-sur-Dourdou is a commune in the Aveyron department in southern France.-Population:-References:*...

    :
    • Julien Girou (22) and his wife Eulalie (22);
    • Marie Girou (54) and her son Pierre (16);
    • Pierre Mazars (25)
  • Sainte-Juliette:
    • Pierre Alauzet (25)
  • Saint-Félix-de-Lunel
    Saint-Félix-de-Lunel
    Saint-Félix-de-Lunel is a commune in the Aveyron department in southern France.-Population:-References:*...

    :
    • Marc Issaly (19);
    • Valentin Issaly (63) and his two sons François (32), Cabanettes's friend, and Augustin (16)
  • Saint-Geniez-d'Olt
    Saint-Geniez-d'Olt
    Saint-Geniez-d'Olt is a commune in the Aveyron department in southern France.-Population:Its inhabitants are called Marmots.-External links:*...

    :
    • Hippolyte Vigouroux (24)
  • Saint-Parthem
    Saint-Parthem
    Saint-Parthem is a commune in the Aveyron department in southern France.-Population:-References:*...

    :
    • Julien Cadrieu (20)
  • Sanvensa
    Sanvensa
    Sanvensa is a commune in the Aveyron department in southern France.-Population:...

    :
    • Augustin Segond (28), his wife Catherine (27) and their son Frédéric (2)
  • Trémouilles
    Trémouilles
    Trémouilles is a commune in the Aveyron department in southern France.-Population:-References:*...

    :
    • Jean Ferrière (40)
  • Villefranche-de-Rouergue
    Villefranche-de-Rouergue
    Villefranche-de-Rouergue is a commune in the Aveyron department in southern France.-History:At the end of the Albigensian Crusade from the northern "barons" against the southern Occitania on a religious pretext , the Count of Toulouse was defeated and concluded the treaty of Paris in 1229...

    :
    • Nicolas Alric (31) and his wife Antoinette (25);
    • Jean-Baptiste Lagarrigue (25)
  • Vimenet
    Vimenet
    Vimenet is a commune in the Aveyron department in southern France.-Population:...

    :
    • Auguste Suau (40), his wife Rosalie (36) and their six children Augustin (14), Xavier (11), Marie (10), Sylvie (7), Joséphine (5) and Albert (2)
  • Voltach:
    • Émile Boudou (21)
  • Vors, now Baraqueville
    Baraqueville
    Baraqueville is a commune in the Aveyron department in southern France.-Population:...

    :
    • Eugène Galtier (29);
    • Rose Galtier (43) and her three children Joseph (20), Rémy (11) and Céline (7)
  • Undefined origin in Aveyron:
    • Jacques Andrieu (36);
    • Prosper Arvieu (29);
    • Guillaume Avit (43), his wife Marie (43) and their five children Camille (17), Pierre (11), Jules (7), Marie (3) and Augustine (3 months);
    • Lerin Bergonier (28);
    • Pierre Bouillac (40);
    • Auguste Boyer (26);
    • Firmin Cancé (22);
    • Joseph Cayrade (25);
    • Louis Chauvet (45);
    • Adolphe Couly (19);
    • Cyprien Cussac (25);
    • Félix Delbrolle (30);
    • Henri Delmas (21);
    • Achille Dides (18);
    • Philippe Ducasse (30);
    • Hector Dulong (17);
    • Firmin Durand (38), his wife Eugénie (44) and their four children Édouard (14), Théophile (11), Adrien (10) and Numa
      Numa Ayrinhac
      Numa Ayrinhac was a Franco-Argentine artist. He was born in Aveyron, Occitania, France in 1881 and moved with his parents aged five to the new settlement of Pigüé, Saavedra, Argentina. He is famous for painting portraits of Eva and Juan Domingo Perón....

      (5);
    • Joseph Galtier, his wife and two children;
    • Marcel Galtier and his wife Victorine;
    • Sylvain Gastal (36), his wife Augustine (34) and their son Fernand (1);
    • Antoine Gaubert (40);
    • Honoré Lacombe (38) and his wife Félicie (26);
    • Céline Laffont (25);
    • Pierre Lalanne (33);
    • Raymond Laplace (36);
    • Germain Loustalot (17);
    • Victor Merviel (24);
    • Auguste Moisset (38), his wife Victorine (29) and their daughter Marie (4);
    • Eugène Persec (23);
    • Jules Rey (35);
    • Adrien Salères (19);
    • Victor Soulier (30)


In short:
  • 115 males (69%) and 50 females (31%);
  • 102 adults (62%) and 63 minors of 20 (38%);
  • Average age: 24 years and 9 months;
  • Average male age: 28 years and 1 month;
  • Average female age: 20 years and 8 months;
  • 51 singles (50% of adults);
  • 24 couples, two widows and one widower (50% of adults);
  • 24 teenagers (14%);
  • 39 children (24%)

Related links