Pereslavl-Zalessky

Pereslavl-Zalessky

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Pereslavl-Zalessky or Pereyaslavl-Zalessky , is a town in Yaroslavl Oblast
Yaroslavl Oblast
Yaroslavl Oblast is a federal subject of Russia , which is located in the Central Federal District, surrounded by Tver, Moscow, Ivanovo, Vladimir, Kostroma, and Vologda Oblasts. This geographic location affords the oblast the advantages of proximity to Moscow and St. Petersburg...

, Russia
Russia
Russia or , officially known as both Russia and the Russian Federation , is a country in northern Eurasia. It is a federal semi-presidential republic, comprising 83 federal subjects...

, located 140 kilometres (87 mi) northeast of Moscow on the main Moscow Yaroslavl road and on the shores of Pleschevo Lake. It was called Pereyaslavl until the 15th century. The town is located on the southeastern shore of the Lake Pleshcheyevo
Lake Pleshcheyevo
Lake Pleshcheyevo , a lake in Russia, and formerly a resort for Russian tsars, is located in Yaroslavl Oblast. The town of Pereslavl-Zalessky is on the southeastern side of the lake....

 at the mouth of the Trubezh River
Trubezh River
The Trubezh is entirely located in Russia. Flows to the Lake Plescheyevo.Major Cities: Pereslavl-Zalessky....

. Population:

History


Pereslavl-Zalessky was founded in 1152 by Prince Yuri Dolgoruky as a projected capital of Zalesye
Zalesye
Zalesye or Opolye is a historical region of Russia, comprising the north and west parts of Vladimir Oblast, the north-east of Moscow Oblast and the south of Yaroslavl Oblast. As a kernel of the medieval state of Vladimir-Suzdal, this area played a vital part in the development of Russian statehood...

. In 1175–1302, the town was the center of the Principality of Pereslavl (Zalessky). In 1302, the town became a part of the Grand Duchy of Moscow
Grand Duchy of Moscow
The Grand Duchy of Moscow or Grand Principality of Moscow, also known in English simply as Muscovy , was a late medieval Rus' principality centered on Moscow, and the predecessor state of the early modern Tsardom of Russia....

. Pereslavl-Zalessky had been devastated numerous times by the Mongols
Mongols
Mongols ) are a Central-East Asian ethnic group that lives mainly in the countries of Mongolia, China, and Russia. In China, ethnic Mongols can be found mainly in the central north region of China such as Inner Mongolia...

 between the mid-13th century and the early 15th century. In 1611–1612, it suffered from the Polish invasion
Polish-Muscovite War (1605–1618)
The Polish–Muscovite War took place in the early 17th century as a sequence of military conflicts and eastward invasions carried out by the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth, or the private armies and mercenaries led by the magnates , when the Russian Tsardom was torn into a series of civil wars, the...

.

In 1688–1693, Peter the Great built his famous "fun flotilla" on Lake Pleshcheyevo
Lake Pleshcheyevo
Lake Pleshcheyevo , a lake in Russia, and formerly a resort for Russian tsars, is located in Yaroslavl Oblast. The town of Pereslavl-Zalessky is on the southeastern side of the lake....

 for his own amusement, including the so-called Peter's little boat, which would be considered the forefather of the Russian fleet. The Botik (small boat) museum chronicles the history of the first Russian fleet and keeps one of the original model boats.

In 1708, Pereslavl-Zalessky became a part of Moscow Governorate
Moscow Governorate
Moscow Governorate , or Government of Moscow, was an administrative division of the Russian Empire, which existed in 1708–1929....

. In 1919–1920 and 1941–1943, a famous Soviet
Soviet Union
The Soviet Union , officially the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics , was a constitutionally socialist state that existed in Eurasia between 1922 and 1991....

 artist Dmitry Kardovsky
Dmitry Kardovsky
Dmitry Kardovsky was a Russian artist, illustrator and stage designer.-Biography:He was born near Pereslavl-Zalessky in the Yaroslavl province. After studying law at Moscow University, he then studied at the Imperial Academy of Arts in St Petersburg from 1892, under Pavel Chistyakov and Ilya Repin...

 lived and created in Pereslavl-Zalessky.

Pereslavl-Zalessky is known for its historic buildings, including:
  • the white stone Spaso-Preobrazhensky Cathedral (1152–1157);
  • Church of Metropolitan Peter (1585);
  • Troitse-Danilov Monastery (16th–18th centuries);
  • Nikitsky Monastery (16th–19th centuries);
  • Feodorovsky Monastery (16th–19th centuries);
  • Goritsky Monastery (17th–18th centuries).


There is also an Institute for Program Systems of the Russian Academy of Sciences
Russian Academy of Sciences
The Russian Academy of Sciences consists of the national academy of Russia and a network of scientific research institutes from across the Russian Federation as well as auxiliary scientific and social units like libraries, publishers and hospitals....

.

Sights


Monuments of church architecture: six architecture complex convents and nine churches. In center of town remained swell surrounding historical center of the town. Along Trubezh River extend the fish suburb.

Museum and Exhibits
  • Museum-Preserve of Pereslavl-Zalessky (in Goritsky monastery)
  • Museum–Estate “The Little Boat of Peter the Great”
  • The Pereslavl Arboretum
  • Museum of Flat Irons
  • The Museum of Kettles
  • The Museum of Steam Engines


At a distance of two kilometers from town there is archaeological monument Kleshin complex.

The town included in Golden Ring of Russia.

People from Pereslavl-Zalessky

  • Dmitry Kardovsky
    Dmitry Kardovsky
    Dmitry Kardovsky was a Russian artist, illustrator and stage designer.-Biography:He was born near Pereslavl-Zalessky in the Yaroslavl province. After studying law at Moscow University, he then studied at the Imperial Academy of Arts in St Petersburg from 1892, under Pavel Chistyakov and Ilya Repin...

    , artist
  • Leonid Kurchevsky
    Leonid Kurchevsky
    Leonid Vasilyevich Kurchevsky was a Russian/Soviet weapons designer....

    , weapon engineer
  • Mikhail Koshkin
    Mikhail Koshkin
    Mikhail Ilyich Koshkin was a Soviet tank designer, chief designer of the famous T-34 medium tank. The T-34 was the most effective and most produced tank of World War II. He started out in life as a candy maker, but then studied engineering...

    , designer of the T34 tank
  • Nikita Stylites
    Nikita Stylites
    Venerable Nikita Stylites, a saint of 12th century Russia, led a dissolute life in his youth. However, upon entering a church on a certain occasion he heard the words of the Prophet Isaiah 'Wash you , make you clean;' with this a profound conversion was effected in his soul.Thus converted Nikita...

    , saint

Further reading

Pereslavl-Zalessky. Materials for the History of the XVII and XVIII centuries (1884) (Переславль-Залесский. Материалы для истории города XVII и XVIII столетий) at Runivers.ru in DjVu
DjVu
DjVu is a computer file format designed primarily to store scanned documents, especially those containing a combination of text, line drawings, and photographs. It uses technologies such as image layer separation of text and background/images, progressive loading, arithmetic coding, and lossy...

 and PDF formats

External links



Guide to Pereslavl