Pearl Street Station

Pearl Street Station

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[[Image:PearlStreetStation.jpg|thumb|200 px|right|A sketch of the Pearl Street Station]] '''Pearl Street Station''' was the first central [[power station|power plant]] in the United States. It was located at 255-257 [[Pearl Street (Manhattan)|Pearl Street]] in [[Manhattan]] on a site measuring 50 by 100 feet, just south of [[Fulton Street (Manhattan)|Fulton Street]]. It began with one [[direct current]] [[electrical generator|generator]], and it started [[electricity generation|generating electricity]] on September 4, 1882, serving an initial load of 400 lamps at 85 customers. By 1884, Pearl Street Station was serving 508 customers with 10,164 lamps. The station was built by the [[Edison Illuminating Company]], which was headed by [[Thomas Edison]]. The station was originally powered by custom-made Porter-Allen high-speed steam engines designed to provide 175 [[horsepower]] at 700 rpm., but these proved to be unreliable with their sensitive governors. They were removed and replaced with new engines from [[Armington & Sims]] that proved to be much more suitable for Edison's dynamos. The station burnt down in 1890, destroying all but one [[dynamo]] that is now kept in the [[Greenfield Village Museum]] in Dearborn, Michigan. ==External links== * [http://www.ieeeghn.org/wiki/index.php/Pearl_Street_Station Pearl Street Station from the IEEE Global History Network] * [http://www.jhalpin.com/metuchen/tae/ehlai17.htm Edison: His Life and Inventions] * Edison Electric Institute. [http://www.eei.org/industry_issues/industry_overview_and_statistics/history/ ''History of the Electric Power Industry'']. Retrieved 13 April 2005. * Smithsonian Institution. [http://americanhistory.si.edu/powering/past/h1main.htm ''Emergence of Electrical Utilities in America'']. Retrieved 13 April 2005. {{coord missing|New York City}}