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A pastoral lease
is Crown land
In Commonwealth realms, Crown land is an area belonging to the monarch , the equivalent of an entailed estate that passed with the monarchy and could not be alienated from it....
that government allows to be leased, generally for the purposes of farming.
Pastoral leases exist in both Australian commonwealth law and state jurisdictions.
Under the Commonwealth of Australia law they are agreements that allow for the use of Crown land by farmers, etc. The leases constitute an Australian land apportionment system created in the mid-19th century to facilitate the orderly division and sale of land to indigenous Australians
Indigenous Australians are the original inhabitants of the Australian continent and nearby islands. The Aboriginal Indigenous Australians migrated from the Indian continent around 75,000 to 100,000 years ago....
and European colonists.
Leases within state jurisdictions have variations as to applicability from state to state.
The statutory provisions of pastoral leases are covered by the Crown Pastoral Land Act 1998
The Crown Pastoral Land Act is an Act of Parliament in New Zealand.The Act began the process of tenure review of land holdings in the high country of the South Island.-See also:*List of Statutes of New Zealand...
and the Land Act 1948. The holder of the lease has:
- the exclusive right of pasturage
- a perpetual right of renewal of the lease for terms of 33 years
- no right to the soil, and
- no right to acquire the fee simple of any of the land.
Pastoral leases are undergoing a voluntary tenure review
Tenure review is a process of reviewing the leasehold tenure of some high country land in the South Island of New Zealand. It currently involves 20% of the South Island or 10% of the total land area of New Zealand. Tenure review began with the passing of the Crown Pastoral Land Act...
- Cattle station
Cattle station is an Australian term for a large farm , whose main activity is the rearing of cattle. In Australia, the owner of a cattle station is called a grazier...
- Sheep station
A sheep station is a large property in Australia or New Zealand whose main activity is the raising of sheep for their wool and meat. In Australia, sheep stations are usually in the south-east or south-west of the country. In New Zealand the Merinos are usually in the high country of the South...
- List of pastoral leases in Western Australia