Parvan Province

Parvan Province

Overview
Parwān also spelled Parvān, once also the name of an ancient town in the Hindu Kush
Hindu Kush
The Hindu Kush is an mountain range that stretches between central Afghanistan and northern Pakistan. The highest point in the Hindu Kush is Tirich Mir in the Chitral region of Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan.It is the westernmost extension of the Pamir Mountains, the Karakoram Range, and is a...

 mountains, is today an administrative province in northern Afghanistan
Afghanistan
Afghanistan , officially the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan, is a landlocked country located in the centre of Asia, forming South Asia, Central Asia and the Middle East. With a population of about 29 million, it has an area of , making it the 42nd most populous and 41st largest nation in the world...

, directly north of Kabul Province
Kabul Province
Kābul , situated in the east of the country, is one of the thirty-four provinces of Afghanistan. The capital of the province is Kabul City, which is also Afghanistan's capital. The population of Kabul province is 3.5 million people as of 2009, of which almost 80 percent live in the urban areas...

. Its capital is Charikar
Charikar
Charikar is the main town of the Kohdaman Valley and the capital of Parwan Province in northern Afghanistan. The city lies on the road 69 km from Kabul to the northern provinces. Travelers would have to pass by the city when going to Mazari Sharif, Kunduz or Puli Khumri. Charikar is at the...

 and it was one of the most secure provinces in the country, however recently there have been reports of attacks.

In 329 BC, Alexander the Great founded the settlement of Parwan as his Alexandria of the Caucasus
Alexandria of the Caucasus
Alexandria on the Caucasus was a colony of Alexander the Great...

.
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Encyclopedia
Parwān also spelled Parvān, once also the name of an ancient town in the Hindu Kush
Hindu Kush
The Hindu Kush is an mountain range that stretches between central Afghanistan and northern Pakistan. The highest point in the Hindu Kush is Tirich Mir in the Chitral region of Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan.It is the westernmost extension of the Pamir Mountains, the Karakoram Range, and is a...

 mountains, is today an administrative province in northern Afghanistan
Afghanistan
Afghanistan , officially the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan, is a landlocked country located in the centre of Asia, forming South Asia, Central Asia and the Middle East. With a population of about 29 million, it has an area of , making it the 42nd most populous and 41st largest nation in the world...

, directly north of Kabul Province
Kabul Province
Kābul , situated in the east of the country, is one of the thirty-four provinces of Afghanistan. The capital of the province is Kabul City, which is also Afghanistan's capital. The population of Kabul province is 3.5 million people as of 2009, of which almost 80 percent live in the urban areas...

. Its capital is Charikar
Charikar
Charikar is the main town of the Kohdaman Valley and the capital of Parwan Province in northern Afghanistan. The city lies on the road 69 km from Kabul to the northern provinces. Travelers would have to pass by the city when going to Mazari Sharif, Kunduz or Puli Khumri. Charikar is at the...

 and it was one of the most secure provinces in the country, however recently there have been reports of attacks.

History


In 329 BC, Alexander the Great founded the settlement of Parwan as his Alexandria of the Caucasus
Alexandria of the Caucasus
Alexandria on the Caucasus was a colony of Alexander the Great...

. It was conquered by the Arabs in 792. In 1221, the town was the site of the battle between the invading Mongols
Mongols
Mongols ) are a Central-East Asian ethnic group that lives mainly in the countries of Mongolia, China, and Russia. In China, ethnic Mongols can be found mainly in the central north region of China such as Inner Mongolia...

 and the Khwarezmian Empire
Khwarezmian Empire
The Khwarazmian dynasty or Khwarezmian dynasty, also known as Khwarezmids, dynasty of Khwarazm Shahs or Khwarezm-Shah dynasty was a Persianate Sunni Muslim dynasty of Turkic mamluk origin.They ruled Greater Iran in the High Middle Ages, in the period of about 1077 to 1231, first as vassals of...

 led by Jalal ad-Din, where the Mongols were defeated. In 1840, Parwan was also the site of a major battle in the First Anglo-Afghan War
First Anglo-Afghan War
The First Anglo-Afghan War was fought between British India and Afghanistan from 1839 to 1842. It was one of the first major conflicts during the Great Game, the 19th century competition for power and influence in Central Asia between the United Kingdom and Russia, and also marked one of the worst...

 where the invading British
British Empire
The British Empire comprised the dominions, colonies, protectorates, mandates and other territories ruled or administered by the United Kingdom. It originated with the overseas colonies and trading posts established by England in the late 16th and early 17th centuries. At its height, it was the...

 were defeated.]. Parwan's modern history began with the construction of a new textile factory in the town of Jabal Saraj
Jabal Saraj
Jabal Saraj or its Arabic name Persianجبل سراج is a district of Parwan Province located north of the capital Kabul, Afghanistan. It is located on the way to the tajikan village of Salang Pass and surrounded by the high peaks of mountains. Jabal Saraj is known for its natural beauty and its brave...

 in 1937. Since then, Parwan was involved in the Soviet war in Afghanistan
Soviet war in Afghanistan
The Soviet war in Afghanistan was a nine-year conflict involving the Soviet Union, supporting the Marxist-Leninist government of the Democratic Republic of Afghanistan against the Afghan Mujahideen and foreign "Arab–Afghan" volunteers...

 as some of the fiercest fighting took place in the area. In the 1990s it was the site of heavy resistance against the Taliban.

Since 2009 at Parwan, an ISAF
International Security Assistance Force
The International Security Assistance Force is a NATO-led security mission in Afghanistan established by the United Nations Security Council on 20 December 2001 by Resolution 1386 as envisaged by the Bonn Agreement...

 Provincial Reconstruction Team
Provincial reconstruction team
A Provincial Reconstruction Team is a unit introduced by the United States government, consisting of military officers, diplomats, and reconstruction subject matter experts, working to support reconstruction efforts in unstable states. PRTs were first established in Afghanistan in late 2001 or...

 led by the Republic of Korea is active in reconstruction of the province. In mid-February
February
February is the second month of the year in the Julian and Gregorian calendars. It is the shortest month and the only month with fewer than 30 days. The month has 28 days in common years and 29 days in leap years...

 2011, five rocket-propelled grenades hit the newly built South Korea
South Korea
The Republic of Korea , , is a sovereign state in East Asia, located on the southern portion of the Korean Peninsula. It is neighbored by the People's Republic of China to the west, Japan to the east, North Korea to the north, and the East China Sea and Republic of China to the south...

n military base housing the provincial reconstruction team and civilian aid workers. No one was injured in the attack, but it came hours after a visit by South Korean Defense Minister Kim Kwan-jin
Kim Kwan-jin
General Kim Kwan-jin, ROKA , is the current Minister of Defense of South Korea, following his appointment in November 2010. He was previously the 33rd Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff of the Republic of Korea Armed Forces....

, raising suspicions of Taliban involvement. The opening ceremony of the base was postponed indefinitely.

A further plan to build a power plant is also under consideration.

A large portion of Parwan’s economy relies on the money that Afghan laborers send home from Iran and some other countries. The current governor is Abdul Baseer Salangi
Abdul Baseer Salangi
Abdul Baseer Salangi is the current Governor of Parwan Province, Afghanistan, since 6 May 2009‎, and was a major commander in the Afghan Civil War, aligned with Jamiat-e Islami and Ahmad Shah Massoud...

.

Demographics


Tajiks, including Qizilbashs, are the majority and make up ca. 70% of the population, followed by Pashtuns
Pashtun people
Pashtuns or Pathans , also known as ethnic Afghans , are an Eastern Iranic ethnic group with populations primarily between the Hindu Kush mountains in Afghanistan and the Indus River in Pakistan...

 (including arabs). There is also a pocket of Hazaras in Shinwar district (ca. 2-4% in all Parvan).

Districts



align=center style="background:#BFD7FF"| Districts of Parwan Province
District Capital Population Area Notes
Bagram
Bagram
Bagram , founded as Alexandria on the Caucasus and known in medieval times as Kapisa, is a small town and seat in Bagram District in Parwan Province of Afghanistan, about 60 kilometers north of the capital Kabul. It is the site of an ancient city located at the junction of the Ghorband and Panjshir...

 
75,423
Charikar
Charikar
Charikar is the main town of the Kohdaman Valley and the capital of Parwan Province in northern Afghanistan. The city lies on the road 69 km from Kabul to the northern provinces. Travelers would have to pass by the city when going to Mazari Sharif, Kunduz or Puli Khumri. Charikar is at the...

 
130,613
Ghorband
Ghorband District
Ghorband District is a district of Parwan Province, Afghanistan. Ghorband is located in the southern foothills of Hindu Kush and forms the western boundary of the ancient valley of Koh Daman. It is located 50 km from Kabul, the capital of Afghanistan. The capital lies at Syahgerd, also known as...

 
74,123
Jabal Saraj
Jabal Saraj
Jabal Saraj or its Arabic name Persianجبل سراج is a district of Parwan Province located north of the capital Kabul, Afghanistan. It is located on the way to the tajikan village of Salang Pass and surrounded by the high peaks of mountains. Jabal Saraj is known for its natural beauty and its brave...

 
48,052 Sub-divided in 2005
Kohi Safi
Kohi Safi District
Kohi Safi District is a district of Parwan Province, Afghanistan....

 
13,627
Salang
Salang
Salang is also the name of several locations named for these people:*Afghanistan*Salang, Afghanistan -town**Salang mountains**Salang tunnel**Salang pass**Salang river**Salang district of Parwan province*Salang, Nepal, a town in Nepal...

 
13,627
Sayed Khel
Sayed Khel District
Sayed Khel District is a district of Parwan Province, Afghanistan....

 
33,334 Created in 2005 within Jabul Saraj District
Shekh Ali
Shekh Ali District
Shekh Ali district Parwan Province.The main tribes of Shekh Ali's are: Daikakalan, Naiman , Qaraluq, Karmali and Babur are all Sunis. They are not Hazaras although some of the may look like Hazaras. The Qaraluqs are Turkik Origin. They have adopted mainly the Hazara cultures including the language,...

 
22,831
Shinwari
Shinwari District
Shinwari District is a district of Parwan Province, Afghanistan....

 
39,057
Surkhi Parsa
Surkhi Parsa District
Surkhi Parsa District is a district of Parwan Province, Afghanistan....

 
33,639

Other notable towns and villages


Bagram
Bagram
Bagram , founded as Alexandria on the Caucasus and known in medieval times as Kapisa, is a small town and seat in Bagram District in Parwan Province of Afghanistan, about 60 kilometers north of the capital Kabul. It is the site of an ancient city located at the junction of the Ghorband and Panjshir...


Ghorband
Golbahar
Golbahar
Gulbahar is located 76 km north the Afghanistan capital Kabul. Gulbahar is a green lush area with the best mulberry in the country....


Jabel Saraj
Koh-i-Safi
Sayed Khil
Shekh-Ali
Shenwari
Surkh-Parsa