is a district
Districts are a type of administrative division, in some countries managed by a local government. They vary greatly in size, spanning entire regions or counties, several municipalities, or subdivisions of municipalities.-Austria:...
) in the Andamarca Municipality in the Bolivia
Bolivia officially known as Plurinational State of Bolivia , is a landlocked country in central South America. It is the poorest country in South America...
n Sud Carangas Province
Sud Carangas is a province in the central parts of the Bolivian department of Oruro.-Location:Sud Carangas province is one of the sixteen provinces in the Oruro Department...
in Oruro Department
Oruro is a department in Bolivia, with an area of 53,588 km². Its capital is the city of Oruro. At the time of census 2001 it had a population of 391,870.- Provinces of Oruro :...
The Orinoca District is located at 18°58′S 67°15′W, 3,800 m above sea-level, on the western shore of Lake Poopó
Poopó Lake is a large saline lake located in a shallow depression in the Altiplano Mountains in Bolivia at an altitude of approximately 3,700 metres. Because the lake is long and wide it makes up the eastern half of the Oruro Department, a mining region in southwest Bolivia...
, 180 km (115 mi) south of Oruro
Oruro is a city in Bolivia with a population of 235,393 , located about equidistant between La Paz and Sucre at approximately 3710 meters above sea level. It is the capital of the department of Oruro....
. Its extension from north to south and from east to west is 35 km.
The population of the district increased at 34.0 % from 1,259 inhabitants (census
A census is the procedure of systematically acquiring and recording information about the members of a given population. It is a regularly occurring and official count of a particular population. The term is used mostly in connection with national population and housing censuses; other common...
1992) to 1,687 inhabitants (2001), there is no urban population in this district. 44.9 % of the population are younger than 15 years old, the rate of literacy
Literacy has traditionally been described as the ability to read for knowledge, write coherently and think critically about printed material.Literacy represents the lifelong, intellectual process of gaining meaning from print...
is 77.7 % (1992).
Idiom is an expression, word, or phrase that has a figurative meaning that is comprehended in regard to a common use of that expression that is separate from the literal meaning or definition of the words of which it is made...
of the province is Aymara
Aymara is an Aymaran language spoken by the Aymara people of the Andes. It is one of only a handful of Native American languages with over three million speakers. Aymara, along with Quechua and Spanish, is an official language of Peru and Bolivia...
, spoken by 97.0 %, while 76.7 % of the population speak Spanish
Spanish , also known as Castilian , is a Romance language in the Ibero-Romance group that evolved from several languages and dialects in central-northern Iberia around the 9th century and gradually spread with the expansion of the Kingdom of Castile into central and southern Iberia during the...
and 43.3 % Quechua (1992).
71.4 % of the population are Catholics
The Roman Catholic Church in Bolivia is part of the worldwide Roman Catholic Church, under the spiritual leadership of the Pope and curia in Rome....
, 17.5 % are Protestants
The Anglican Church of the Southern Cone of America is the ecclesiastical province of the Anglican Communion that covers the countries of Argentina, Bolivia, Chile, Paraguay, Peru and Uruguay....
The village of Isallawi in the Orinoca District is the birthplace of Evo Morales
Juan Evo Morales Ayma , popularly known as Evo , is a Bolivian politician and activist, currently serving as the 80th President of Bolivia, a position that he has held since 2006. He is also the leader of both the Movement for Socialism party and the cocalero trade union...
, Bolivia's President.
97.5 % of the population have no access to sanitary facilities
Tap water is a principal component of "indoor plumbing", which became available in urban areas of the developed world during the last quarter of the 19th century, and common during the mid-20th century...
, 100.0 % have no electricity
Electricity generation is the process of generating electric energy from other forms of energy.The fundamental principles of electricity generation were discovered during the 1820s and early 1830s by the British scientist Michael Faraday...
Economy and infrastructure
The rural population is largely dedicated to agriculture (potato
The potato is a starchy, tuberous crop from the perennial Solanum tuberosum of the Solanaceae family . The word potato may refer to the plant itself as well as the edible tuber. In the region of the Andes, there are some other closely related cultivated potato species...
Wheat is a cereal grain, originally from the Levant region of the Near East, but now cultivated worldwide. In 2007 world production of wheat was 607 million tons, making it the third most-produced cereal after maize and rice...
Maize known in many English-speaking countries as corn or mielie/mealie, is a grain domesticated by indigenous peoples in Mesoamerica in prehistoric times. The leafy stalk produces ears which contain seeds called kernels. Though technically a grain, maize kernels are used in cooking as a vegetable...
The onion , also known as the bulb onion, common onion and garden onion, is the most widely cultivated species of the genus Allium. The genus Allium also contains a number of other species variously referred to as onions and cultivated for food, such as the Japanese bunching onion The onion...
s) and raise herds of llamas and vicuña
The vicuña or vicugna is one of two wild South American camelids, along with the guanaco, which live in the high alpine areas of the Andes. It is a relative of the llama, and is now believed to share a wild ancestor with domesticated alpacas, which are raised for their fibre...
s. Orinoca is only accessible by road travel, there is a bus service that reaches the town twice a week.
The district is subdivided in the following subdistricts
The Tragical History of Hamlet, Prince of Denmark, or more simply Hamlet, is a tragedy by William Shakespeare, believed to have been written between 1599 and 1601...
s and village
A village is a clustered human settlement or community, larger than a hamlet with the population ranging from a few hundred to a few thousand , Though often located in rural areas, the term urban village is also applied to certain urban neighbourhoods, such as the West Village in Manhattan, New...
), in brackets the population of 2001:
- Orinoca (Parantorre) (1.081)
- Comunidad Agua Cruz (67)
- Comunidad Ancorcaya (202)
- Lagiloma (12)
- Estancia Lloco (94)
- Estancia Mara Mara (146)
Orinoca is a district in the Andamarca Municipality in the Bolivian Sud Carangas Province in Oruro Department.-Location:The Orinoca District is located at , 3,800 m above sea-level, on the western shore of Lake Poopó, 180 km south of Oruro...
- Comunidad Parantorre (7)
- Estancia Pucarani (59)
- Thola Loma (1)
- Estancia Tunavi (87)
- Estancia Ichucollo (18)
- Calavillca (159)
- Chauca (66)
- Vice Canton Chihuo (167)
- Ayllu Ichura 107
- Chihuo 60
- Ayllu Ichura (261)
- Estancia Pataquiri 82
- Comunidad Rosa Pata 179
- Calavillca (86)
- Lagiloma 27
- Thola Loma 59
- Ucumasi (47)
- Ayllu Inchura (45)
- San Cristobal De Pallini (45)