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Ord Victoria Plain

Ord Victoria Plain

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[[Image:IBRA 6.1 Ord-Victoria Plains.png|thumb|right|The IBRA regions, with Ord Victoria Plain in red]] '''Ord Victoria Plain''' is an [[Interim Biogeographic Regionalisation for Australia]] (IBRA) region in [[Western Australia]]. and [[Northern Territory]]. ==Location and description== This is an area of large plains of dry grassland lying between the [[Tanami Desert]] to the south and the wetter, greener grassland to the north towards the coast. Sandstone outcrops rise from the grassland, the most famous of which is the [[Bungle Bungle Range]] in [[Purnululu National Park]]. The grasslands have long been used for cattle grazing. The climate is wetter in the north (ave annual rainfall 1200mm) which receives some coastal [[monsoon]]al rain, and drier in the south (ave 600mm). The rainy season is between November and March and the whole area is almost completely dry for the rest of the year and the climate is hot with maximum temperatures between 25°C and 35°C year round. ==Flora== The plain is largely covered with [[Mitchell Grass]] scattered with bloodwood [[eucalyptus]] trees and large patches of lancewood [[acacia]] ''(Acacia shirleyi)'' woodland. The sandstone outcrops have thinner cover of eucalyptus over [[Triodia (plant genus)|hummock grass]] or heathland scattered with [[Grevillea]] and [[Acacia]] trees. ==Fauna== There are few endemic species as these grasslands are typical of much of northern Australia at this latitude but the grasslands are nonetheless largely intact and rich in wildlife. Mammals include the large [[Eastern Wallaroo]], [[Northern Nail-tail Wallaby]] (Onychogalea unguifera), and the [[Long-tailed Planigale]] which is the smallest marsupial in the world. The lancewoods are home to the [[Spectacled Hare-wallaby]] ''(Lagorchestes conspicillatus)'', while the Bungle Bungle has some unique plants and an endemic [[Lerista]] [[skink]] lizard the ''Lerista bunglebungle''. Mammals that have become depleted or disappeared from these grasslands include the [[bilby]] ''(Macrotis lagotis)'', [[Northern Quoll]] ''(Dasyurus hallucatus)'' and [[Golden Bandicoot]] ''(Isoodon auratus)''. Birds include [[Australian Bustard]]s, [[Singing Bushlark]], and [[Red-backed Fairy-wren]] while there are important populations of [[Purple-crowned Fairywren]] ''(Malurus coronatus)'' along the rivers especially the [[Victoria River (Northern Territory)|Victoria]]. The eucalyptus trees are habitat for [[Lorikeet]]s, [[Friarbird]]s, and [[Honeyeater]]s. [[Termite]]s are a source of food for many of these birds and animals. The wildlife of the grasslands is still being researched so for example a new species of [[Ctenotus]] [[skink]] has been discovered quite recently. ==Threats and preservation== In general this is a large area of relatively unspoit grassland used for grazing cattle. Some damage results from intensive cattle ranching leading to overgrazing and disrupting the traditional Aboriginal [[fire regime]]s in which the grasslands are systemtically burnt and allowed to regenerate. Woodlands next to rivers and other water sources were severely altered when ranching began, causing siltation along the [[Ord River]] and destroying important habitat of the [[White-browed Robin]] (Poecilodryas superciliosa) and the Purple-crowned Fairywren. Habitats have also been damaged by introduced species of plants such as bellyache bush ''([[Jatropha]] gossypifolia)'', and [[castor oil plant]] ''(Ricinus communis)''. There are some protected areas, mainly other types of habitat rather than grazing land. Areas such as the caves of [[Gregory National Park]] are still being researched by botanists and zoologists. ==Further reading== * http://www.anra.gov.au/topics/rangelands/overview/wa/ibra-ovp.html * Thackway, R and I D Cresswell (1995) ''An interim biogeographic regionalisation for Australia : a framework for setting priorities in the National Reserves System Cooperative Program'' Version 4.0 Canberra : Australian Nature Conservation Agency, Reserve Systems Unit, 1995. ISBN 0642213712 {{WesternAustralia-stub}} {{coord missing|Western Australia}}