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Oakham Rural District

Oakham Rural District

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Oakham was a rural district
Rural district
Rural districts were a type of local government area – now superseded – established at the end of the 19th century in England, Wales, and Ireland for the administration of predominantly rural areas at a level lower than that of the administrative counties.-England and Wales:In England...

 in Rutland
Rutland
Rutland is a landlocked county in central England, bounded on the west and north by Leicestershire, northeast by Lincolnshire and southeast by Peterborough and Northamptonshire....

, England
England
England is a country that is part of the United Kingdom. It shares land borders with Scotland to the north and Wales to the west; the Irish Sea is to the north west, the Celtic Sea to the south west, with the North Sea to the east and the English Channel to the south separating it from continental...

 from 1894 to 1974, covering the north of the county.

The rural district had its origins in the Oakham Rural Sanitary District
Sanitary district
Sanitary districts were established in England and Wales in 1875 and in Ireland in 1878. The districts were of two types, based on existing structures:*Urban sanitary districts in towns with existing local government bodies...

, formed in 1875. Oakham RSD had an identical area to Oakham poor law union
Poor Law Union
A Poor Law Union was a unit used for local government in the United Kingdom from the 19th century. The administration of the Poor Law was the responsibility of parishes, which varied wildly in their size, populations, financial resources, rateable values and requirements...

, and consisted of thirty-one civil parish
Civil parish
In England, a civil parish is a territorial designation and, where they are found, the lowest tier of local government below districts and counties...

es of which twenty-nine were in Rutland and two in Leicestershire
Leicestershire
Leicestershire is a landlocked county in the English Midlands. It takes its name from the heavily populated City of Leicester, traditionally its administrative centre, although the City of Leicester unitary authority is today administered separately from the rest of Leicestershire...

.

The Local Government Act 1894
Local Government Act 1894
The Local Government Act 1894 was an Act of the Parliament of the United Kingdom that reformed local government in England and Wales outside the County of London. The Act followed the reforms carried out at county level under the Local Government Act 1888...

 redesignated the area as Oakham Rural District, at the same time transferring the Leicestershire parishes of Cold Overton and Knossington to Melton Mowbray Rural District.

The rural district included the town of Oakham
Oakham
-Oakham's horseshoes:Traditionally, members of royalty and peers of the realm who visited or passed through the town had to pay a forfeit in the form of a horseshoe...

 until 1911, when it was constituted a separate urban district
Urban district
In the England, Wales and Ireland, an urban district was a type of local government district that covered an urbanised area. Urban districts had an elected Urban District Council , which shared local government responsibilities with a county council....

. The Rural District Council continued to be based in the town, however.

Parishes


The rural district consisted of the following parishes:
  • Ashwell
    Ashwell, Rutland
    Ashwell is a village and civil parish in the county of Rutland in the East Midlands of England. It is located about three miles north of Oakham....

  • Barleythorpe
    Barleythorpe
    Barleythorpe is a village and civil parish in the county of Rutland in the East Midlands of England. It is located about a mile north-west of Oakham.Barleythorpe Hall was a home of Lord Lonsdale and later an elderly person's home...

  • Barrow
    Barrow, Rutland
    Barrow is a village and civil parish in the county of Rutland in the East Midlands of England. It is located about five miles north-east of Oakham.-External links:*...

  • Braunston
    Braunston-in-Rutland
    Braunston-in-Rutland is a village and civil parish in the county of Rutland in the East Midlands of England. Leicestershire lies on the parish's western boundaryBraunston is located roughly three miles south-west of the county town of Oakham....

  • Brooke
    Brooke, Rutland
    Brooke is a village in the county of Rutland in the East Midlands of England. It is located about three miles south-west of Oakham. The village is near the start of the River Gwash near Braunston-in-Rutland; the river forms part of the parish boundary.The parish is dedicated to St Peter...

  • Burley
    Burley, Rutland
    Burley, or Burley-on-the-Hill, is a village and civil parish in the county of Rutland in the East Midlands of England. It is located two miles north-east of Oakham....

  • Cottesmore
    Cottesmore, Rutland
    Cottesmore is a village in the north of the county of Rutland in the East Midlands of England. In terms of population it is the largest village in Rutland, and the third-largest settlement after Oakham and Uppingham. This is due in part to the presence of RAF Cottesmore.The Cottesmore Hunt takes...

  • Edith Weston
    Edith Weston
    Edith Weston is a village and civil parish in the county of Rutland in the East Midlands of England. It is on the south-eastern shore of Rutland Water and is home of the main sailing club with a fishing lodge....

  • Egleton
    Egleton
    Egleton is a small village in the county of Rutland in the East Midlands of England. It is situated south east of Oakham, and is close to the western shore of Rutland Water.The parish church is dedicated to St Edmund and has a notable Norman tympanum....

  • Empingham
    Empingham
    Empingham is a village in the county of Rutland in the East Midlands of England. It lies close to the dam of Rutland Water and the A606 runs through the village...

  • Exton
    Exton, Rutland
    Exton is a village and civil parish in the county of Rutland in the East Midlands of England.The village includes a tree-planted green overlooked by the Fox & Hounds pub....

  • Greetham
    Greetham, Rutland
    Greetham is a village in the county of Rutland in the East Midlands of England.It on the B668 between the county town of Oakham and the A1 and on the north-south Viking Way long distance footpath running between the Humber Bridge and Oakham....

  • Gunthorpe
    Gunthorpe, Rutland
    Gunthorpe is a civil parish and a hamlet in the county of Rutland in the East Midlands of England.The population of Gunthorpe grew to several hundred before being devastated by the plague which ravaged Great Britain and much of Europe from 1347 to 1351. Today, Gunthorpe remains as one of Rutland's...

  • Hambleton
    Hambleton, Rutland
    Hambleton is a village and civil parish in Rutland, England. It is located about two miles east of Oakham. In 2001 it had a population of 140...

  • Horn
    Horn, Rutland
    Horn is a civil parish in the county of Rutland in the East Midlands of England. In 2001 it had a population of 9. The parish is part of the Exton Hall estate of the Earls of Gainsborough.-History:...

  • Langham
    Langham, Rutland
    Langham is a village in the county of Rutland in the East Midlands of England. It is situated about two miles north-west of Oakham.The village is located on the main road, the A606, linking Oakham to Melton Mowbray....

  • Leighfield
    Leighfield
    Leighfield is a civil parish in the county of Rutland in the East Midlands of England. There is no settlement centre in the parish, only a few isolated properties. In the 2001 census it had a population of 10, which was the fourth smallest of Rutland's parish populations...

  • Lyndon
    Lyndon, Rutland
    Lyndon is a small village in the county of Rutland in the East Midlands of England.Thomas Barker of Lyndon Hall kept a detailed weather record from 1736 to 1798. William Whiston , best known for his translation of Josephus, died at the Hall, the home of his son-in-law, Samuel Barker on 22 August...

  • Manton
    Manton, Rutland
    Manton is a village in the county of Rutland in the East Midlands of England. It is situated southwest of Rutland Water.The village had a railway station, Manton Junction, situated to the south of the village. It closed in the 1960s and the station buildings are now used as a factory...

  • Martinsthorpe
    Martinsthorpe
    Martinsthorpe is a civil parish in the county of Rutland in the East Midlands of England and a deserted village.It is located about four miles south of Oakham near the village of Manton. It is the only parish in Rutland to have a population of zero, although according to the 2001 census,...

  • Normanton
    Normanton, Rutland
    Normanton is a village and civil parish on the eastern shore of Rutland Water in the county of Rutland in the East Midlands of England.Normanton Park was a seat of the Earls of Ancaster and an important centre of their estates. The stable block of their hall is now Normanton Park hotel...

  • Oakham
    Oakham
    -Oakham's horseshoes:Traditionally, members of royalty and peers of the realm who visited or passed through the town had to pay a forfeit in the form of a horseshoe...

     (until 1911)
  • Market Overton
    Market Overton
    Market Overton is a village on the northern edge of the county of Rutland in the East Midlands of England.-Geography:Most of the civil parish lies to the north and the east, including part of RAF Cottesmore, but not the main runway. The boundary crosses Teigh Road at Netherfields where it borders...

  • Stretton
    Stretton, Rutland
    Stretton is a small village and civil parish in the county of Rutland, England, just off the A1 Great North Road. The Ecclesiastical parish of Stretton shares the same boundaries and is part of the Rutland deanery of the diocese of Peterborough. The incumbent is The Revd Richard Jan...

  • Teigh
    Teigh
    Teigh is a village and civil parish in the county of Rutland in the East Midlands of England. It is notable for its parish church, almost unaltered since a 1782 rebuild, that features pews that face one another rather than the altar....

  • Thistleton
    Thistleton
    Thistleton is the most northerly village in the county of Rutland in the East Midlands of England.The Thistleton area has shown evidence of Romano-British occupation including a large temple precinct and a possible small market settlement...

  • Tickencote
    Tickencote
    Tickencote is a small village in the county of Rutland in the East Midlands of England.-Geography:The parish essentially stretches along the A1 from the Bloody Oaks to the Casterton junction. At the far north of the parish, the Warren Plantation is on the north-east side of the A1. To the...

  • Whissendine
    Whissendine
    Whissendine is a village and civil parish in the county of Rutland, England lying north west of the county town, Oakham.It has two pubs , a church, a former Methodist chapel, and a windmill. The Methodist chapel closed in 2009, the last service being held on 30 August.Whissendine Windmill, built in...

  • Whitwell
    Whitwell, Rutland
    Whitwell is a village in the county of Rutland in the East Midlands of England.It is located about four miles east of Oakham, on the north shore of Rutland Water. A pleasure boat known as the Rutland Belle operates from Whitwell Harbour. It is also a popular sailing and water sports...