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Nuclear Power Corporation of India

Nuclear Power Corporation of India

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The Nuclear Power Corporation of India Limited (NPCIL) is a government-owned corporation
Government-owned corporation
A government-owned corporation, state-owned company, state-owned entity, state enterprise, publicly owned corporation, government business enterprise, or parastatal is a legal entity created by a government to undertake commercial activities on behalf of an owner government...

 of India
India
India , officially the Republic of India , is a country in South Asia. It is the seventh-largest country by geographical area, the second-most populous country with over 1.2 billion people, and the most populous democracy in the world...

 based in Mumbai
Mumbai
Mumbai , formerly known as Bombay in English, is the capital of the Indian state of Maharashtra. It is the most populous city in India, and the fourth most populous city in the world, with a total metropolitan area population of approximately 20.5 million...

. One of the public sector undertakings, it is wholly owned by the Union Government
Government of India
The Government of India, officially known as the Union Government, and also known as the Central Government, was established by the Constitution of India, and is the governing authority of the union of 28 states and seven union territories, collectively called the Republic of India...

 and is responsible for the generation of nuclear power
Nuclear power
Nuclear power is the use of sustained nuclear fission to generate heat and electricity. Nuclear power plants provide about 6% of the world's energy and 13–14% of the world's electricity, with the U.S., France, and Japan together accounting for about 50% of nuclear generated electricity...

 for electricity
Electricity
Electricity is a general term encompassing a variety of phenomena resulting from the presence and flow of electric charge. These include many easily recognizable phenomena, such as lightning, static electricity, and the flow of electrical current in an electrical wire...

. NPCIL is administered by the Department of Atomic Energy
Department of Atomic Energy (India)
The Department of Atomic Energy is a department directly under the Prime Minister of India with headquartered in Mumbai. The department is responsible for nuclear technology, including nuclear power and research....

 (DAE), part of the Ministry of Science and Technology
Ministry of Science and Technology (India)
The Ministry of Science and Technology is the Indian government ministry charged with formulation and administration of the rules and regulations and laws relating to science and technology in India.The current minister is Shri Vilasrao Deshmukh....

. NPCIL is the only power utility
Electric utility
An electric utility is a company that engages in the generation, transmission, and distribution of electricity for sale generally in a regulated market. The electrical utility industry is a major provider of energy in most countries. It is indispensable to factories, commercial establishments,...

 company in India which uses nuclear fuel sources.

NPCIL was created in September 1987 as public limited company
Public limited company
A public limited company is a limited liability company that sells shares to the public in United Kingdom company law, in the Republic of Ireland and Commonwealth jurisdictions....

 under the Companies Act 1956, "with the objective of undertaking the design, construction, operation and maintenance of the atomic power stations for generation of electricity in pursuance of the schemes and programmes of the Government of India under the provision of the Atomic Energy Act 1962." All nuclear power plants operated by the company are certified for ISO-14001
ISO 14000
The ISO 14000 environmental management standards exist to help organizations minimize how their operations negatively affect the environment The ISO 14000 environmental management standards exist to help organizations (a) minimize how their operations (processes etc.) negatively affect the...

 (Environment Management System).

NPCIL is the sole body responsible for constructing and operating India's commercial nuclear power plants. As of November 27, 2010 the company had 20 nuclear reactor
Nuclear reactor
A nuclear reactor is a device to initiate and control a sustained nuclear chain reaction. Most commonly they are used for generating electricity and for the propulsion of ships. Usually heat from nuclear fission is passed to a working fluid , which runs through turbines that power either ship's...

s in operation at six locations, a total installed capacity of 4780 MWe
Watt
The watt is a derived unit of power in the International System of Units , named after the Scottish engineer James Watt . The unit, defined as one joule per second, measures the rate of energy conversion.-Definition:...

. Subsequent to the government's decision to allow private companies to provide nuclear power, the company has experienced problems with private enterprises "poaching" its employees.

Operational

Unit Type Capacity
(MWe)
Since
TAPS-1
Tarapur Atomic Power Station
Tarapur Atomic Power Station is located in Tarapur, Maharashtra . It was initially constructed with two boiling water reactor units of 160 MW each by Bechtel and GE under the 1963 123 Agreement between India, the United States, and the International Atomic Energy Agency. Units 1 and 2 were...

 (Tarapur, Maharashtra
Tarapur, Maharashtra
Tarapur is a census town in Thane district in the Indian state of Maharashtra. It is an industrial town located some 45 km north of Virar, on the Western Railway line of Mumbai Suburban Division . Tarapur can be reached from Boisar, the nearest railway station...

)
BWR
Boiling water reactor
The boiling water reactor is a type of light water nuclear reactor used for the generation of electrical power. It is the second most common type of electricity-generating nuclear reactor after the pressurized water reactor , also a type of light water nuclear reactor...

 
160 October 28, 1969
TAPS-2
Tarapur Atomic Power Station
Tarapur Atomic Power Station is located in Tarapur, Maharashtra . It was initially constructed with two boiling water reactor units of 160 MW each by Bechtel and GE under the 1963 123 Agreement between India, the United States, and the International Atomic Energy Agency. Units 1 and 2 were...

 (Tarapur, Maharashtra
Tarapur, Maharashtra
Tarapur is a census town in Thane district in the Indian state of Maharashtra. It is an industrial town located some 45 km north of Virar, on the Western Railway line of Mumbai Suburban Division . Tarapur can be reached from Boisar, the nearest railway station...

)
BWR
Boiling water reactor
The boiling water reactor is a type of light water nuclear reactor used for the generation of electrical power. It is the second most common type of electricity-generating nuclear reactor after the pressurized water reactor , also a type of light water nuclear reactor...

 
160 October 28, 1969
TAPS-3
Tarapur Atomic Power Station
Tarapur Atomic Power Station is located in Tarapur, Maharashtra . It was initially constructed with two boiling water reactor units of 160 MW each by Bechtel and GE under the 1963 123 Agreement between India, the United States, and the International Atomic Energy Agency. Units 1 and 2 were...

 (Tarapur, Maharashtra
Tarapur, Maharashtra
Tarapur is a census town in Thane district in the Indian state of Maharashtra. It is an industrial town located some 45 km north of Virar, on the Western Railway line of Mumbai Suburban Division . Tarapur can be reached from Boisar, the nearest railway station...

)
PHWR  540 August 18, 2006
TAPS-4
Tarapur Atomic Power Station
Tarapur Atomic Power Station is located in Tarapur, Maharashtra . It was initially constructed with two boiling water reactor units of 160 MW each by Bechtel and GE under the 1963 123 Agreement between India, the United States, and the International Atomic Energy Agency. Units 1 and 2 were...

 (Tarapur, Maharashtra
Tarapur, Maharashtra
Tarapur is a census town in Thane district in the Indian state of Maharashtra. It is an industrial town located some 45 km north of Virar, on the Western Railway line of Mumbai Suburban Division . Tarapur can be reached from Boisar, the nearest railway station...

)
PHWR  540 September 15, 2005
RAPS-1
Rajastan Atomic Power Project
The Rajasthan Atomic Power Station in India is located about from Kota by way of the Chambal River, approximately above the dam that holds the Rana Pratap Sagar lake. The plant lies in the Federal State Rajasthan, district Chittorgarh. The next locale is Tamlao, Rawatbhata is approx...

 (Rawatbhata
Rawatbhata
Rawatbhata is a town and a municipality in Chittorgarh district in the Indian state of Rajasthan. It is 50 km from the nearest city Kota. Rawatbhata is connected to the major routes in country through Kota .-Geography:...

, Rajasthan
Rajasthan
Rājasthān the land of Rajasthanis, , is the largest state of the Republic of India by area. It is located in the northwest of India. It encompasses most of the area of the large, inhospitable Great Indian Desert , which has an edge paralleling the Sutlej-Indus river valley along its border with...

)
PHWR 100 December 16, 1973
RAPS-2
Rajastan Atomic Power Project
The Rajasthan Atomic Power Station in India is located about from Kota by way of the Chambal River, approximately above the dam that holds the Rana Pratap Sagar lake. The plant lies in the Federal State Rajasthan, district Chittorgarh. The next locale is Tamlao, Rawatbhata is approx...

 (Rawatbhata
Rawatbhata
Rawatbhata is a town and a municipality in Chittorgarh district in the Indian state of Rajasthan. It is 50 km from the nearest city Kota. Rawatbhata is connected to the major routes in country through Kota .-Geography:...

, Rajasthan
Rajasthan
Rājasthān the land of Rajasthanis, , is the largest state of the Republic of India by area. It is located in the northwest of India. It encompasses most of the area of the large, inhospitable Great Indian Desert , which has an edge paralleling the Sutlej-Indus river valley along its border with...

)
PHWR 200 April 1, 1981
RAPS-3
Rajastan Atomic Power Project
The Rajasthan Atomic Power Station in India is located about from Kota by way of the Chambal River, approximately above the dam that holds the Rana Pratap Sagar lake. The plant lies in the Federal State Rajasthan, district Chittorgarh. The next locale is Tamlao, Rawatbhata is approx...

 (Rawatbhata
Rawatbhata
Rawatbhata is a town and a municipality in Chittorgarh district in the Indian state of Rajasthan. It is 50 km from the nearest city Kota. Rawatbhata is connected to the major routes in country through Kota .-Geography:...

, Rajasthan
Rajasthan
Rājasthān the land of Rajasthanis, , is the largest state of the Republic of India by area. It is located in the northwest of India. It encompasses most of the area of the large, inhospitable Great Indian Desert , which has an edge paralleling the Sutlej-Indus river valley along its border with...

)
PHWR  220 June 1, 2000
RAPS-4
Rajastan Atomic Power Project
The Rajasthan Atomic Power Station in India is located about from Kota by way of the Chambal River, approximately above the dam that holds the Rana Pratap Sagar lake. The plant lies in the Federal State Rajasthan, district Chittorgarh. The next locale is Tamlao, Rawatbhata is approx...

 (Rawatbhata
Rawatbhata
Rawatbhata is a town and a municipality in Chittorgarh district in the Indian state of Rajasthan. It is 50 km from the nearest city Kota. Rawatbhata is connected to the major routes in country through Kota .-Geography:...

, Rajasthan
Rajasthan
Rājasthān the land of Rajasthanis, , is the largest state of the Republic of India by area. It is located in the northwest of India. It encompasses most of the area of the large, inhospitable Great Indian Desert , which has an edge paralleling the Sutlej-Indus river valley along its border with...

)
PHWR  220 December 23, 2000
RAPS-5
Rajastan Atomic Power Project
The Rajasthan Atomic Power Station in India is located about from Kota by way of the Chambal River, approximately above the dam that holds the Rana Pratap Sagar lake. The plant lies in the Federal State Rajasthan, district Chittorgarh. The next locale is Tamlao, Rawatbhata is approx...

 (Rawatbhata
Rawatbhata
Rawatbhata is a town and a municipality in Chittorgarh district in the Indian state of Rajasthan. It is 50 km from the nearest city Kota. Rawatbhata is connected to the major routes in country through Kota .-Geography:...

, Rajasthan
Rajasthan
Rājasthān the land of Rajasthanis, , is the largest state of the Republic of India by area. It is located in the northwest of India. It encompasses most of the area of the large, inhospitable Great Indian Desert , which has an edge paralleling the Sutlej-Indus river valley along its border with...

)
PHWR  220 February 4, 2010
RAPS-6
Rajastan Atomic Power Project
The Rajasthan Atomic Power Station in India is located about from Kota by way of the Chambal River, approximately above the dam that holds the Rana Pratap Sagar lake. The plant lies in the Federal State Rajasthan, district Chittorgarh. The next locale is Tamlao, Rawatbhata is approx...

 (Rawatbhata
Rawatbhata
Rawatbhata is a town and a municipality in Chittorgarh district in the Indian state of Rajasthan. It is 50 km from the nearest city Kota. Rawatbhata is connected to the major routes in country through Kota .-Geography:...

, Rajasthan
Rajasthan
Rājasthān the land of Rajasthanis, , is the largest state of the Republic of India by area. It is located in the northwest of India. It encompasses most of the area of the large, inhospitable Great Indian Desert , which has an edge paralleling the Sutlej-Indus river valley along its border with...

)
PHWR  220 March 31, 2010
MAPS-1
Madras Atomic Power Station
Madras Atomic Power Station located at Kalpakkam about south of Chennai, India, is a comprehensive nuclear power production, fuel reprocessing, and waste treatment facility that includes plutonium fuel fabrication for fast breeder reactors . It is also India's first fully indigenously constructed...

 (Kalpakkam
Kalpakkam
Kalpakkam is a small town in Tamil Nadu, India, situated on the Coromandel Coast 70 kilometres south of Chennai. A conglomerate of two villages and a DAE township, it is about 55 km from Thiruvanmiyur....

, Tamil Nadu
Tamil Nadu
Tamil Nadu is one of the 28 states of India. Its capital and largest city is Chennai. Tamil Nadu lies in the southernmost part of the Indian Peninsula and is bordered by the union territory of Pondicherry, and the states of Kerala, Karnataka, and Andhra Pradesh...

)
PHWR 220 January 27, 1984
MAPS-2
Madras Atomic Power Station
Madras Atomic Power Station located at Kalpakkam about south of Chennai, India, is a comprehensive nuclear power production, fuel reprocessing, and waste treatment facility that includes plutonium fuel fabrication for fast breeder reactors . It is also India's first fully indigenously constructed...

 (Kalpakkam
Kalpakkam
Kalpakkam is a small town in Tamil Nadu, India, situated on the Coromandel Coast 70 kilometres south of Chennai. A conglomerate of two villages and a DAE township, it is about 55 km from Thiruvanmiyur....

, Tamil Nadu
Tamil Nadu
Tamil Nadu is one of the 28 states of India. Its capital and largest city is Chennai. Tamil Nadu lies in the southernmost part of the Indian Peninsula and is bordered by the union territory of Pondicherry, and the states of Kerala, Karnataka, and Andhra Pradesh...

)
PHWR 220 March 21, 1986
NAPS-1
Narora Atomic Power Station
Narora Atomic Power Station is located in Bulandshahar District in Uttar Pradesh, India.-Description:Commercial operation of unit 1 began on January 1, 1991. Unit 2 began commercial operation on July 1, 1992. Each unit has a capacity of 220 MWe. The plant is situated on the bank of the river...

 (Narora
Narora
Narora is located on the banks of river Ganges, in district Bulandshahar, Uttar Pradesh. A nuclear power plant is located in its vicinity.-Geography:Narora is located at . It has an average elevation of . It is about away from Delhi.-Demographics:...

, Uttar Pradesh
Uttar Pradesh
Uttar Pradesh abbreviation U.P. , is a state located in the northern part of India. With a population of over 200 million people, it is India's most populous state, as well as the world's most populous sub-national entity...

)
PHWR 220 January 1, 1991
NAPS-2
Narora Atomic Power Station
Narora Atomic Power Station is located in Bulandshahar District in Uttar Pradesh, India.-Description:Commercial operation of unit 1 began on January 1, 1991. Unit 2 began commercial operation on July 1, 1992. Each unit has a capacity of 220 MWe. The plant is situated on the bank of the river...

 (Narora
Narora
Narora is located on the banks of river Ganges, in district Bulandshahar, Uttar Pradesh. A nuclear power plant is located in its vicinity.-Geography:Narora is located at . It has an average elevation of . It is about away from Delhi.-Demographics:...

, Uttar Pradesh
Uttar Pradesh
Uttar Pradesh abbreviation U.P. , is a state located in the northern part of India. With a population of over 200 million people, it is India's most populous state, as well as the world's most populous sub-national entity...

)
PHWR 220 July 1, 1992
KAPS-1
Kakrapar Atomic Power Station
The Kakrapar Atomic Power Station is a nuclear power station in India, which lies in the proximity of the city of Surat in the state of Gujarat. It consists of two 220 MW pressurized water reactors with heavy water as moderator . KAPS-1 went critical on 3 September 1992 and began...

 (Kakrapar, Gujarat)
PHWR 220 May 6, 1993
KAPS-2
Kakrapar Atomic Power Station
The Kakrapar Atomic Power Station is a nuclear power station in India, which lies in the proximity of the city of Surat in the state of Gujarat. It consists of two 220 MW pressurized water reactors with heavy water as moderator . KAPS-1 went critical on 3 September 1992 and began...

 (Kakrapar, Gujarat)
PHWR  220 September 1, 1995
KGS-1
Kaiga Atomic Power Station
Kaiga generating station is a nuclear power generating station situated at Kaiga, near the river Kali, in Uttar Kannada district of Karnataka, India. The plant has been in operation since March 2000 and is operated by the Nuclear Power Corporation of India....

 (Kaiga
Kaiga
Kaiga is town in Uttara Kannada district of Karnataka in India. Atomic Power Plant owned and operated by NPCIL is located at Kaiga....

, Karnataka
Karnataka
Karnataka , the land of the Kannadigas, is a state in South West India. It was created on 1 November 1956, with the passing of the States Reorganisation Act and this day is annually celebrated as Karnataka Rajyotsava...

)
PHWR  220 November 6, 2000
KGS-2
Kaiga Atomic Power Station
Kaiga generating station is a nuclear power generating station situated at Kaiga, near the river Kali, in Uttar Kannada district of Karnataka, India. The plant has been in operation since March 2000 and is operated by the Nuclear Power Corporation of India....

 (Kaiga
Kaiga
Kaiga is town in Uttara Kannada district of Karnataka in India. Atomic Power Plant owned and operated by NPCIL is located at Kaiga....

, Karnataka
Karnataka
Karnataka , the land of the Kannadigas, is a state in South West India. It was created on 1 November 1956, with the passing of the States Reorganisation Act and this day is annually celebrated as Karnataka Rajyotsava...

)
PHWR  220 May 6, 2000
KGS-3
Kaiga Atomic Power Station
Kaiga generating station is a nuclear power generating station situated at Kaiga, near the river Kali, in Uttar Kannada district of Karnataka, India. The plant has been in operation since March 2000 and is operated by the Nuclear Power Corporation of India....

 (Kaiga
Kaiga
Kaiga is town in Uttara Kannada district of Karnataka in India. Atomic Power Plant owned and operated by NPCIL is located at Kaiga....

, Karnataka
Karnataka
Karnataka , the land of the Kannadigas, is a state in South West India. It was created on 1 November 1956, with the passing of the States Reorganisation Act and this day is annually celebrated as Karnataka Rajyotsava...

)
PHWR  220 May 6, 2007
KGS-4
Kaiga Atomic Power Station
Kaiga generating station is a nuclear power generating station situated at Kaiga, near the river Kali, in Uttar Kannada district of Karnataka, India. The plant has been in operation since March 2000 and is operated by the Nuclear Power Corporation of India....

 (Kaiga
Kaiga
Kaiga is town in Uttara Kannada district of Karnataka in India. Atomic Power Plant owned and operated by NPCIL is located at Kaiga....

, Karnataka
Karnataka
Karnataka , the land of the Kannadigas, is a state in South West India. It was created on 1 November 1956, with the passing of the States Reorganisation Act and this day is annually celebrated as Karnataka Rajyotsava...

)
PHWR  220 November 27, 2010
Total Capacity 4780

Under construction

Unit Under Construction Type Capacity
(MWe)
Expected Date
KNPP-1
Koodankulam Nuclear Power Plant
Koodankulam Nuclear Power Plant is a nuclear power station currently under construction in Koodankulam in the Tirunelveli district of the southern Indian state of Tamil Nadu...

 (Koodankulam, Tamil Nadu
Tamil Nadu
Tamil Nadu is one of the 28 states of India. Its capital and largest city is Chennai. Tamil Nadu lies in the southernmost part of the Indian Peninsula and is bordered by the union territory of Pondicherry, and the states of Kerala, Karnataka, and Andhra Pradesh...

)
LWR
Light water reactor
The light water reactor is a type of thermal reactor that uses normal water as its coolant and neutron moderator. Thermal reactors are the most common type of nuclear reactor, and light water reactors are the most common type of thermal reactor...

 
1000 June-2011
KNPP-2
Koodankulam Nuclear Power Plant
Koodankulam Nuclear Power Plant is a nuclear power station currently under construction in Koodankulam in the Tirunelveli district of the southern Indian state of Tamil Nadu...

 (Koodankulam, Tamil Nadu
Tamil Nadu
Tamil Nadu is one of the 28 states of India. Its capital and largest city is Chennai. Tamil Nadu lies in the southernmost part of the Indian Peninsula and is bordered by the union territory of Pondicherry, and the states of Kerala, Karnataka, and Andhra Pradesh...

)
LWR
Light water reactor
The light water reactor is a type of thermal reactor that uses normal water as its coolant and neutron moderator. Thermal reactors are the most common type of nuclear reactor, and light water reactors are the most common type of thermal reactor...

 
1000 Mar-2012
KAPS-3
Kakrapar Atomic Power Station
The Kakrapar Atomic Power Station is a nuclear power station in India, which lies in the proximity of the city of Surat in the state of Gujarat. It consists of two 220 MW pressurized water reactors with heavy water as moderator . KAPS-1 went critical on 3 September 1992 and began...

 (Kakrapar, Gujarat)
PHWR 700 Jun-2015
KAPS-4
Kakrapar Atomic Power Station
The Kakrapar Atomic Power Station is a nuclear power station in India, which lies in the proximity of the city of Surat in the state of Gujarat. It consists of two 220 MW pressurized water reactors with heavy water as moderator . KAPS-1 went critical on 3 September 1992 and began...

 (Kakrapar, Gujarat)
PHWR 700 Dec-2015
RAPS-7
Rajastan Atomic Power Project
The Rajasthan Atomic Power Station in India is located about from Kota by way of the Chambal River, approximately above the dam that holds the Rana Pratap Sagar lake. The plant lies in the Federal State Rajasthan, district Chittorgarh. The next locale is Tamlao, Rawatbhata is approx...

 (Rawatbhata
Rawatbhata
Rawatbhata is a town and a municipality in Chittorgarh district in the Indian state of Rajasthan. It is 50 km from the nearest city Kota. Rawatbhata is connected to the major routes in country through Kota .-Geography:...

, Rajasthan
Rajasthan
Rājasthān the land of Rajasthanis, , is the largest state of the Republic of India by area. It is located in the northwest of India. It encompasses most of the area of the large, inhospitable Great Indian Desert , which has an edge paralleling the Sutlej-Indus river valley along its border with...

)
PHWR  700 Jun-2016
RAPS-8
Rajastan Atomic Power Project
The Rajasthan Atomic Power Station in India is located about from Kota by way of the Chambal River, approximately above the dam that holds the Rana Pratap Sagar lake. The plant lies in the Federal State Rajasthan, district Chittorgarh. The next locale is Tamlao, Rawatbhata is approx...

 (Rawatbhata
Rawatbhata
Rawatbhata is a town and a municipality in Chittorgarh district in the Indian state of Rajasthan. It is 50 km from the nearest city Kota. Rawatbhata is connected to the major routes in country through Kota .-Geography:...

, Rajasthan
Rajasthan
Rājasthān the land of Rajasthanis, , is the largest state of the Republic of India by area. It is located in the northwest of India. It encompasses most of the area of the large, inhospitable Great Indian Desert , which has an edge paralleling the Sutlej-Indus river valley along its border with...

)
PHWR  700 Dec-2016
Total Capacity 4800

Proposed

Unit proposed Type Capacity
(MWe)
Expected Date
Jaitapur Nuclear Power Project
Jaitapur nuclear power project
Jaitapur Nuclear Power Project is a proposed 9900 MW power project of Nuclear Power Corporation of India at Madban village of Ratnagiri district in Maharashtra...

European Pressurized Reactor
European Pressurized Reactor
The EPR is a third generation pressurized water reactor design. It has been designed and developed mainly by Framatome , Electricité de France in France, and Siemens AG in Germany...

9900 2017
Total Capacity 9900

External links