Novi Sad

Novi Sad

Overview


Novi Sad is the capital
Capital City
Capital City was a television show produced by Euston Films which focused on the lives of investment bankers in London living and working on the corporate trading floor for the fictional international bank Shane-Longman....

 of the northern Serbian province
Subdivisions of Serbia
The territorial organization of Serbia is regulated by the Law on Territorial Organization, adopted by the National Assembly of Serbia on 29 December 2007...

 of Vojvodina
Vojvodina
Vojvodina, officially called Autonomous Province of Vojvodina is an autonomous province of Serbia. Its capital and largest city is Novi Sad...

, and the administrative centre of the South Bačka District
South Backa District
South Bačka District is a northern district of Serbia. It lies in the southern part of Bačka and northern part of Syrmia, in the autonomous province of Vojvodina. It has a population of 607,835...

. The city is located in the southern part of Pannonian Plain on the Danube
Danube
The Danube is a river in the Central Europe and the Europe's second longest river after the Volga. It is classified as an international waterway....

 river.

Novi Sad is the second largest city in Serbia
Serbia
Serbia , officially the Republic of Serbia , is a landlocked country located at the crossroads of Central and Southeast Europe, covering the southern part of the Carpathian basin and the central part of the Balkans...

, after Belgrade
Belgrade
Belgrade is the capital and largest city of Serbia. It is located at the confluence of the Sava and Danube rivers, where the Pannonian Plain meets the Balkans. According to official results of Census 2011, the city has a population of 1,639,121. It is one of the 15 largest cities in Europe...

. According to preliminary results of the latest census in Serbia conducted in October 2011, the city has a population of 221,854, while its municipal area has a population of 335,701.
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Novi Sad is the capital
Capital City
Capital City was a television show produced by Euston Films which focused on the lives of investment bankers in London living and working on the corporate trading floor for the fictional international bank Shane-Longman....

 of the northern Serbian province
Subdivisions of Serbia
The territorial organization of Serbia is regulated by the Law on Territorial Organization, adopted by the National Assembly of Serbia on 29 December 2007...

 of Vojvodina
Vojvodina
Vojvodina, officially called Autonomous Province of Vojvodina is an autonomous province of Serbia. Its capital and largest city is Novi Sad...

, and the administrative centre of the South Bačka District
South Backa District
South Bačka District is a northern district of Serbia. It lies in the southern part of Bačka and northern part of Syrmia, in the autonomous province of Vojvodina. It has a population of 607,835...

. The city is located in the southern part of Pannonian Plain on the Danube
Danube
The Danube is a river in the Central Europe and the Europe's second longest river after the Volga. It is classified as an international waterway....

 river.

Novi Sad is the second largest city in Serbia
Serbia
Serbia , officially the Republic of Serbia , is a landlocked country located at the crossroads of Central and Southeast Europe, covering the southern part of the Carpathian basin and the central part of the Balkans...

, after Belgrade
Belgrade
Belgrade is the capital and largest city of Serbia. It is located at the confluence of the Sava and Danube rivers, where the Pannonian Plain meets the Balkans. According to official results of Census 2011, the city has a population of 1,639,121. It is one of the 15 largest cities in Europe...

. According to preliminary results of the latest census in Serbia conducted in October 2011, the city has a population of 221,854, while its municipal area has a population of 335,701. It is located on the border of the Bačka
Backa
Bačka is a geographical area within the Pannonian plain bordered by the river Danube to the west and south, and by the river Tisza to the east of which confluence is located near Titel...

 and Srem
Syrmia
Syrmia is a fertile region of the Pannonian Plain in Europe, between the Danube and Sava rivers. It is divided between Serbia in the east and Croatia in the west....

 regions, on the banks of the Danube river and Danube-Tisa-Danube Canal
Danube-Tisa-Danube Canal
Danube–Tisa-Danube Canal is a unique hydro-engineering system for flood control and hydrotechnical, amelioration forestry, water supply, waste water evacuation, navigation, tourism, fishing, hunting...

, facing the northern slopes of Fruška Gora
Fruška Gora
Fruška Gora is a mountain in north Syrmia. Most part of the territory is located within Vojvodina, Serbia, but a smaller part on its western side overlaps the territory of Croatia...

 mountain.

The city was founded in 1694, when Serb merchants formed a colony across the Danube from the Petrovaradin fortress
Petrovaradin fortress
Petrovaradin Fortress is a fortress in Novi Sad, Serbia. It is located in the province of Vojvodina, on the right bank of the Danube river. The cornerstone of the present-day southern part of the fortress was laid on October 18, 1692, by Charles Eugène de Croÿ...

, a Habsburg strategic military post. In the 18th and 19th centuries, it became an important merchant and manufacturing centre, as well as a centre of Serbian culture
Serbian culture
Serbian culture refers to the culture of Serbia and of ethnic Serbs.The Serbian culture starts with that of the South Slavic peoples that lived in the Balkans. Early on, Serbs may have been influenced by the Paleo-Balkan peoples...

 of that period, earning the nickname Serbian Athens. The city was heavily devastated in the 1848 Revolution
Revolutions of 1848 in the Habsburg areas
From March 1848 through July 1849, the Habsburg Austrian Empire was threatened by revolutionary movements. Much of the revolutionary activity was of a nationalist character: the empire, ruled from Vienna, included Austrian Germans, Hungarians, Slovenes, Poles, Czechs, Slovaks, Ruthenians,...

, but it was subsequently restored. During the city's long history, it has maintained its multi-cultural identity, with Serbs
Serbs
The Serbs are a South Slavic ethnic group of the Balkans and southern Central Europe. Serbs are located mainly in Serbia, Montenegro and Bosnia and Herzegovina, and form a sizable minority in Croatia, the Republic of Macedonia and Slovenia. Likewise, Serbs are an officially recognized minority in...

, Hungarians and Germans
Germans of Serbia
The Germans of Serbia are an ethnic minority which numbers about 3,900 people, mostly in the autonomous Vojvodina region. The Germans of Vojvodina refer to themselves as Swabian. The Hungarian and Serbian populations also refer to them as Swabian as well. They are known as the Danube Swabians or...

 being the main ethnic groups. Today, Novi Sad is an industrial and financial centre of the Serbian economy
Economy of Serbia
Serbia's economy is based mostly on various services , industry , and agriculture . In the late 1980s, at the beginning of the process of economic transition from a planned economy to a market economy, Serbia's economy had a favorable position, but it was gravely impacted by economic sanctions from...

, as well as a major cultural hub.

Name


The name Novi Sad means "New Plantation" (noun) in Serbian
Serbian language
Serbian is a form of Serbo-Croatian, a South Slavic language, spoken by Serbs in Serbia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Montenegro, Croatia and neighbouring countries....

. Its Latin name, stemming from establishment of city rights, is "Neoplanta". The official names of Novi Sad used by the local administration are:
  • Serbian
    Serbian language
    Serbian is a form of Serbo-Croatian, a South Slavic language, spoken by Serbs in Serbia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Montenegro, Croatia and neighbouring countries....

    : Нови Сад, Novi Sad
  • Hungarian
    Hungarian language
    Hungarian is a Uralic language, part of the Ugric group. With some 14 million speakers, it is one of the most widely spoken non-Indo-European languages in Europe....

    : Újvidék
  • Slovak
    Slovak language
    Slovak , is an Indo-European language that belongs to the West Slavic languages .Slovak is the official language of Slovakia, where it is spoken by 5 million people...

    : Nový Sad
  • Rusyn
    Pannonian Rusyn language
    Pannonian Rusyn or simply Rusyn is a Slavic language or dialect spoken by Pannonian Rusyns in north-western Serbia and eastern Croatia...

    : Нови Сад (transliterated: Novi Sad)


In both Croatian
Croatian language
Croatian is the collective name for the standard language and dialects spoken by Croats, principally in Croatia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, the Serbian province of Vojvodina and other neighbouring countries...

 and Romanian
Romanian language
Romanian Romanian Romanian (or Daco-Romanian; obsolete spellings Rumanian, Roumanian; self-designation: română, limba română ("the Romanian language") or românește (lit. "in Romanian") is a Romance language spoken by around 24 to 28 million people, primarily in Romania and Moldova...

, which are official in the provincial administration, the city is called "Novi Sad". Historically, it was also called "Neusatz" in German
German language
German is a West Germanic language, related to and classified alongside English and Dutch. With an estimated 90 – 98 million native speakers, German is one of the world's major languages and is the most widely-spoken first language in the European Union....

.

In its wider meaning, the name Grad Novi Sad refers to the "City of Novi Sad", which is one of the city-level administrative units
Subdivisions of Serbia
The territorial organization of Serbia is regulated by the Law on Territorial Organization, adopted by the National Assembly of Serbia on 29 December 2007...

 of Serbia
Serbia
Serbia , officially the Republic of Serbia , is a landlocked country located at the crossroads of Central and Southeast Europe, covering the southern part of the Carpathian basin and the central part of the Balkans...

. Novi Sad could also refer strictly to the urban part of the City of Novi Sad (including "Novi Sad proper", and towns of Sremska Kamenica
Sremska Kamenica
Sremska Kamenica is a town and urban neighborhood of Novi Sad, in Serbia.-Name:In Serbian, the town is known as Sremska Kamenica , in Croatian as Srijemska Kamenica, in Hungarian as Kamanc, and in German as Kamenitz.-Geography:The town is located in the Syrmia region, on the northern slopes of the...

 and Petrovaradin), as well as only to the historical core on the left Danube bank, i.e. "Novi Sad proper" (excluding Sremska Kamenica and Petrovaradin).

History




Older settlements in the territory of present-day Novi Sad


Human settlement on the territory of present-day Novi Sad has been traced as far back as the Stone Age
Stone Age
The Stone Age is a broad prehistoric period, lasting about 2.5 million years , during which humans and their predecessor species in the genus Homo, as well as the earlier partly contemporary genera Australopithecus and Paranthropus, widely used exclusively stone as their hard material in the...

 (about 4500 B.C.). This settlement was located on the right bank of the river Danube in the territory of present-day Petrovaradin
Petrovaradin
Petrovaradin , is part of the agglomeration of Novi Sad in Serbia...

. This region was conquered by Celts (in the 4th century B.C.) and Romans
Ancient Rome
Ancient Rome was a thriving civilization that grew on the Italian Peninsula as early as the 8th century BC. Located along the Mediterranean Sea and centered on the city of Rome, it expanded to one of the largest empires in the ancient world....

 (in the 1st century B.C.). The Celts founded the first fortress at this location, which was located on the right bank of the Danube. During Roman rule, a larger fortress was built in the 1st century with the name Cusum and was included into the Roman province
Roman province
In Ancient Rome, a province was the basic, and, until the Tetrarchy , largest territorial and administrative unit of the empire's territorial possessions outside of Italy...

 of Pannonia
Pannonia
Pannonia was an ancient province of the Roman Empire bounded north and east by the Danube, coterminous westward with Noricum and upper Italy, and southward with Dalmatia and upper Moesia....

. In the 5th century, Cusum was devastated by the invasion of the Huns
Huns
The Huns were a group of nomadic people who, appearing from east of the Volga River, migrated into Europe c. AD 370 and established the vast Hunnic Empire there. Since de Guignes linked them with the Xiongnu, who had been northern neighbours of China 300 years prior to the emergence of the Huns,...

.

By the end of the 5th century, Byzantines
Byzantine Empire
The Byzantine Empire was the Eastern Roman Empire during the periods of Late Antiquity and the Middle Ages, centred on the capital of Constantinople. Known simply as the Roman Empire or Romania to its inhabitants and neighbours, the Empire was the direct continuation of the Ancient Roman State...

 had reconstructed the town and called it by the names Cusum and Petrikon. The town was later conquered by Ostrogoths, Gepids, Avars
Eurasian Avars
The Eurasian Avars or Ancient Avars were a highly organized nomadic confederacy of mixed origins. They were ruled by a khagan, who was surrounded by a tight-knit entourage of nomad warriors, an organization characteristic of Turko-Mongol groups...

, Franks
Franks
The Franks were a confederation of Germanic tribes first attested in the third century AD as living north and east of the Lower Rhine River. From the third to fifth centuries some Franks raided Roman territory while other Franks joined the Roman troops in Gaul. Only the Salian Franks formed a...

, Bulgarians
First Bulgarian Empire
The First Bulgarian Empire was a medieval Bulgarian state founded in the north-eastern Balkans in c. 680 by the Bulgars, uniting with seven South Slavic tribes...

, and again by Byzantines. The region was conquered by the Kingdom of Hungary
Kingdom of Hungary
The Kingdom of Hungary comprised present-day Hungary, Slovakia and Croatia , Transylvania , Carpatho Ruthenia , Vojvodina , Burgenland , and other smaller territories surrounding present-day Hungary's borders...

 between the 10th and 12th century, and the town was mentioned under the name Bélakút or Peturwarad (Pétervárad, Serbian: Petrovaradin) in documents from 1237. In the same year (1237), several other settlements were mentioned to exist in the territory of modern urban area of Novi Sad (on the left bank of the Danube).

From 13th to 16th century, the following settlements existed in the territory of modern urban area of Novi Sad:
  • on the right bank of the Danube: Pétervárad (Serbian: Petrovaradin) and Kamanc (Serbian: Kamenica).
  • on the left bank of the Danube: Baksa or Baksafalva , Kűszentmárton , Bivalyos or Bivalo , Vásárosvárad or Várad , Zajol I (Serbian: Sajlovo I
    Gornje Livade, Novi Sad
    Gornje Livade , also known as Gornje Sajlovo and Šumice , is a quarter of the city of Novi Sad in Serbia.-History:...

    , Gornje Sajlovo, Gornje Isailovo), Zajol II (Serbian: Sajlovo II
    Sajlovo
    Sajlovo or Donje Sajlovo is a neighborhood of the city of Novi Sad in Serbia.-History:...

    , Donje Sajlovo, Donje Isailovo), Bistritz (Serbian: Bistrica
    Bistrica (Novo Naselje)
    Bistrica , also known as Novo Naselje , is a neighborhood of the city of Novi Sad, the capital of the Serbian province of Vojvodina. The first houses at this locality were built in 1957.-Name:...

    ).


Some other settlements existed in the suburban area
Suburb
The word suburb mostly refers to a residential area, either existing as part of a city or as a separate residential community within commuting distance of a city . Some suburbs have a degree of administrative autonomy, and most have lower population density than inner city neighborhoods...

 of Novi Sad: Mortályos (Serbian: Mrtvaljoš), Csenei , Keménd (Serbian: Kamendin
Kamendin, Sirig
Kamendin is village in municipality Temerin, South Bačka District, Vojvodina, Serbia. Until 2007 it was part of the village of Sirig.-History:...

), Rév .

Etymology of the settlement names show that some of them are of Slavic
Slavic languages
The Slavic languages , a group of closely related languages of the Slavic peoples and a subgroup of Indo-European languages, have speakers in most of Eastern Europe, in much of the Balkans, in parts of Central Europe, and in the northern part of Asia.-Branches:Scholars traditionally divide Slavic...

 origin, which indicate that they were initially inhabited by Slavs. For example, Bivalo (Bivaljoš) was a large Slavic settlement that dates from the 5th-6th century. Some other settlement names are of Hungarian
Hungarian language
Hungarian is a Uralic language, part of the Ugric group. With some 14 million speakers, it is one of the most widely spoken non-Indo-European languages in Europe....

 origin (for example Bélakút, Kűszentmárton, Vásárosvárad, Rév), which indicate that they were inhabited by Hungarians before the Ottoman invasion. Some settlement names are of uncertain origin.

Tax records from 1522 are showing a mix of Hungarian and Slavic names among inhabitants of these villages, including Slavic names like Bozso (Božo), Radovan, Radonya (Radonja), Ivo, etc. Following the Ottoman invasion in the 16th-17th century, some of these settlements were destroyed and most Hungarian inhabitants have left this area. Some of the settlements also existed during the Ottoman rule, and were populated by ethnic Serbs.

Between 1526 and 1687, the region was under Ottoman
Ottoman Empire
The Ottoman EmpireIt was usually referred to as the "Ottoman Empire", the "Turkish Empire", the "Ottoman Caliphate" or more commonly "Turkey" by its contemporaries...

 rule. In the year 1590, population of all villages that existed in the territory of present-day Novi Sad numbered 105 houses inhabited exclusively by Serbs
Serbs
The Serbs are a South Slavic ethnic group of the Balkans and southern Central Europe. Serbs are located mainly in Serbia, Montenegro and Bosnia and Herzegovina, and form a sizable minority in Croatia, the Republic of Macedonia and Slovenia. Likewise, Serbs are an officially recognized minority in...

. However, Ottoman records mention only those inhabitants that paid taxes, thus the number of Serbs that lived in the area (for example those that served in the Ottoman army
Military of the Ottoman Empire
The history of military of the Ottoman Empire can be divided in five main periods. The foundation era covers the years between 1300 and 1453 , the classical period covers the years between 1451 and 1606 , the reformation period covers the years between 1606 and 1826 ,...

) was larger.

The founding and development of Novi Sad under Habsburg Monarchy


At the outset of Habsburg rule near the end of the 17th century, people of Orthodox faith were forbidden from residing in Petrovaradin
Petrovaradin
Petrovaradin , is part of the agglomeration of Novi Sad in Serbia...

, thus Serbs were largely unable to build homes there. Because of this, a new settlement was founded in 1694 on the left bank of the Danube. The initial name of this settlement was Serb City (Ratzen Stadt). Another name used for the settlement was Petrovaradinski Šanac. In 1718, the inhabitants of the village of Almaš
Almaš
Almaš , also known as Ajmaš and Aljmaš , was an ethnic Serb village in Bačka. It existed until the first half of the 18th century. The village was located on Almaška bara , between Temerin, Nadalj, and Gospođinci.The hungarian name means "apple".According to the 1715 census, the population of...

 were resettled to Petrovaradinski Šanac, where they founded Almaški Kraj
Almaški Kraj
Almaški Kraj is a part of Novi Sad, Serbia. It is situated between the Almaška church and the Saborna church and includes parts of the Podbara, Salajka and Stari Grad neighborhoods.-History and culture:...

 ("the Almaš quarter").

According to 1720 data, the population of Ratzen Stadt was composed of 112 Serbian, 14 German, and 5 Hungarian houses. The settlement officially gained the present name Novi Sad (Neoplanta in Latin) in 1748 when it became a "free royal city".

The edict that made Novi Sad a "free royal city" was proclaimed on 1 February 1748. The edict reads:
For much of the 18th and 19th centuries, Novi Sad was the largest city in the world populated by ethnic Serbs. The reformer of the Serbian language, Vuk Stefanović Karadžić
Vuk Stefanovic Karadžic
Vuk Stefanović Karadžić was a Serbian philolog and linguist, the major reformer of the Serbian language, and deserves, perhaps, for his collections of songs, fairy tales, and riddles to be called the father of the study of Serbian folklore. He was the author of the first Serbian dictionary...

, wrote in 1817 that Novi Sad is the "largest Serb municipality in the world". It was a cultural and political centre of Serbs, who did not have their own national state at the time. Because of its cultural and political influence, Novi Sad became known as the Serbian Athens
Athens
Athens , is the capital and largest city of Greece. Athens dominates the Attica region and is one of the world's oldest cities, as its recorded history spans around 3,400 years. Classical Athens was a powerful city-state...

 (Srpska Atina in Serbian). According to 1843 data, Novi Sad had 17,332 inhabitants, of whom 9,675 were Orthodox Christians, 5,724 Catholics, 1,032 Protestants
Protestantism
Protestantism is one of the three major groupings within Christianity. It is a movement that began in Germany in the early 16th century as a reaction against medieval Roman Catholic doctrines and practices, especially in regards to salvation, justification, and ecclesiology.The doctrines of the...

, 727 Jews
Jews
The Jews , also known as the Jewish people, are a nation and ethnoreligious group originating in the Israelites or Hebrews of the Ancient Near East. The Jewish ethnicity, nationality, and religion are strongly interrelated, as Judaism is the traditional faith of the Jewish nation...

, and 30 adherents of the Armenian church
Armenian Apostolic Church
The Armenian Apostolic Church is the world's oldest National Church, is part of Oriental Orthodoxy, and is one of the most ancient Christian communities. Armenia was the first country to adopt Christianity as its official religion in 301 AD, in establishing this church...

. The largest ethnic group
Ethnic group
An ethnic group is a group of people whose members identify with each other, through a common heritage, often consisting of a common language, a common culture and/or an ideology that stresses common ancestry or endogamy...

 in the city were Serbs, and the second largest were Germans
Germans
The Germans are a Germanic ethnic group native to Central Europe. The English term Germans has referred to the German-speaking population of the Holy Roman Empire since the Late Middle Ages....

.

During the Revolution of 1848-1849
Revolutions of 1848
The European Revolutions of 1848, known in some countries as the Spring of Nations, Springtime of the Peoples or the Year of Revolution, were a series of political upheavals throughout Europe in 1848. It was the first Europe-wide collapse of traditional authority, but within a year reactionary...

, Novi Sad was part of Serbian Vojvodina
Serbian Vojvodina
The Serbian Vojvodina was a Serbian autonomous region within the Austrian Empire...

, a Serbian autonomous region
Autonomous area
An autonomous area or autonomous entity is an area of a country that has a degree of autonomy, or freedom from an external authority. Typically it is either geographically distinct from the rest of the country or populated by a national minority. Countries that include autonomous areas are often...

 within the Habsburg Empire. In 1849, the Hungarian army
Military of Hungary
The Hungarian Defence Force is the national military of Hungary. It currently has two branches, the Hungarian Ground Force and the Hungarian Air Force....

 located on the Petrovaradin Fortress
Petrovaradin fortress
Petrovaradin Fortress is a fortress in Novi Sad, Serbia. It is located in the province of Vojvodina, on the right bank of the Danube river. The cornerstone of the present-day southern part of the fortress was laid on October 18, 1692, by Charles Eugène de Croÿ...

 bombarded and devastated the city, which lost much of its population. According to an 1850 census there were only 7,182 citizens in the city compared with 17,332 in 1843. Between 1849 and 1860, the city was part of a separate Austrian crownland known as the Vojvodina of Serbia and Tamiš Banat. After the abolishment of this province, the city was included into Bačka-Bodrog County.

After 1867, Novi Sad was located within the Hungarian
Kingdom of Hungary
The Kingdom of Hungary comprised present-day Hungary, Slovakia and Croatia , Transylvania , Carpatho Ruthenia , Vojvodina , Burgenland , and other smaller territories surrounding present-day Hungary's borders...

 part of Austria-Hungary. During this time, the Magyarization
Magyarization
Magyarization is a kind of assimilation or acculturation, a process by which non-Magyar elements came to adopt Magyar culture and language due to social pressure .Defiance or appeals to the Nationalities Law, met...

 policy of the Hungarian government drastically altered the demographic structure of the city, i.e. from the predominantly Serbian
Serbs
The Serbs are a South Slavic ethnic group of the Balkans and southern Central Europe. Serbs are located mainly in Serbia, Montenegro and Bosnia and Herzegovina, and form a sizable minority in Croatia, the Republic of Macedonia and Slovenia. Likewise, Serbs are an officially recognized minority in...

, the population of the city became ethnically mixed.

Novi Sad after 1918


On 25 November 1918, the "Assembly of Serbs
Serbs
The Serbs are a South Slavic ethnic group of the Balkans and southern Central Europe. Serbs are located mainly in Serbia, Montenegro and Bosnia and Herzegovina, and form a sizable minority in Croatia, the Republic of Macedonia and Slovenia. Likewise, Serbs are an officially recognized minority in...

, Bunjevci
Bunjevci
Bunjevci are a South Slavic community and ethnic group living mostly in the Bačka region of Serbia and southern Hungary...

 and other nations of Vojvodina" in Novi Sad proclaimed the union of Vojvodina region with the Kingdom of Serbia
Kingdom of Serbia
The Kingdom of Serbia was created when Prince Milan Obrenović, ruler of the Principality of Serbia, was crowned King in 1882. The Principality of Serbia was ruled by the Karađorđevic dynasty from 1817 onwards . The Principality, suzerain to the Porte, had expelled all Ottoman troops by 1867, de...

. Since 1 December 1918, Novi Sad was part of the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats, and Slovenes
Kingdom of Yugoslavia
The Kingdom of Yugoslavia was a state stretching from the Western Balkans to Central Europe which existed during the often-tumultuous interwar era of 1918–1941...

; and in 1929, it became the capital of the Danube Banovina
Danube Banovina
The Danube Banovina or Danube Banate was a province of the Kingdom of Yugoslavia between 1929 and 1941. This province consisted of the geographical regions of Syrmia, Bačka, Banat, Baranja, Šumadija, and Braničevo. The capital city of the Danube Banovina was Novi Sad...

, a province of the Kingdom of Yugoslavia
Kingdom of Yugoslavia
The Kingdom of Yugoslavia was a state stretching from the Western Balkans to Central Europe which existed during the often-tumultuous interwar era of 1918–1941...

.

In 1941, the Kingdom of Yugoslavia
Kingdom of Yugoslavia
The Kingdom of Yugoslavia was a state stretching from the Western Balkans to Central Europe which existed during the often-tumultuous interwar era of 1918–1941...

 was invaded and partitioned by the Axis powers
Axis Powers
The Axis powers , also known as the Axis alliance, Axis nations, Axis countries, or just the Axis, was an alignment of great powers during the mid-20th century that fought World War II against the Allies. It began in 1936 with treaties of friendship between Germany and Italy and between Germany and...

, and its northern parts, including Novi Sad, were annexed by Hungary
Hungary
Hungary , officially the Republic of Hungary , is a landlocked country in Central Europe. It is situated in the Carpathian Basin and is bordered by Slovakia to the north, Ukraine and Romania to the east, Serbia and Croatia to the south, Slovenia to the southwest and Austria to the west. The...

. During World War II
World War II
World War II, or the Second World War , was a global conflict lasting from 1939 to 1945, involving most of the world's nations—including all of the great powers—eventually forming two opposing military alliances: the Allies and the Axis...

, about 5,000 citizens were murdered and many others were resettled. In three days of Novi Sad raid
1942 raid in Novi Sad
The 1942 raid in southern Bačka was a genocidal attack against civilians in Hungarian occupied Bačka in January 1942, after the Axis invasion and partition of Yugoslavia...

 (21—23 January 1942) alone, Hungarian police killed 1,246 citizens, among them more than 800 Jews, and threw their corpses into the icy waters of the Danube, while the total death toll of the raid was around 2,500. Citizens of all nationalities - Serbs, Hungarians, Slovaks, and others - fought together against the Axis authorities. In 1975 the whole city was awarded the title People's Hero of Yugoslavia.

The communist partisans from Syrmia
Syrmia
Syrmia is a fertile region of the Pannonian Plain in Europe, between the Danube and Sava rivers. It is divided between Serbia in the east and Croatia in the west....

 and Bačka
Backa
Bačka is a geographical area within the Pannonian plain bordered by the river Danube to the west and south, and by the river Tisza to the east of which confluence is located near Titel...

 entered the city on 23 October 1944. During the Military administration in Banat, Bačka and Baranja
Banat, Backa and Baranja
Banat, Bačka and Baranja was a de facto province of the Kingdom of Serbia and the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes between October 1918 and March 1919...

 (October 17, 1944 - January 27, 1945), the partisans killed a number of citizens who were perceived as Axis collaborators or a threat to the new regime. According to article in Večernje novosti
Vecernje novosti
Večernje novosti is a Belgrade-based daily newspaper. Founded in 1953, it quickly grew into a high-circulation daily.It first appeared on stands on October 16, 1953 edited by Slobodan Glumac who set the newspaper's tone for years to come...

 from June 9, 2009, most of the people killed by the partisans in Novi Sad were ethnic Serbs.

Novi Sad became part of the new socialist Yugoslavia. Since 1945, Novi Sad has been the capital of Vojvodina
Socialist Autonomous Province of Vojvodina
Socialist Autonomous Province of Vojvodina , also known shortly as SAP Vojvodina , was one of the two socialist autonomous provinces of the Socialist Republic of Serbia from 1963 to 1990 and one of the federal units of the Socialist Federal...

, a province of the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia
Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia
The Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia was the Yugoslav state that existed from the abolition of the Yugoslav monarchy until it was dissolved in 1992 amid the Yugoslav Wars. It was a socialist state and a federation made up of six socialist republics: Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia,...

 and Serbia
Socialist Republic of Serbia
Socialist Republic of Serbia was a socialist state that was a constituent country of the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia. It is a predecessor of modern day Serbia, which served as the biggest republic in the Yugoslav federation and held the largest population of all the Yugoslav...

. The city went through rapid industrialization and its population more than doubled in the period between World War II and the breakup of Yugoslavia. After 1992, Novi Sad was part of the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia, which, in 2003, was transformed into the State Union
Political union
A political union is a type of state which is composed of or created out of smaller states. Unlike a personal union, the individual states share a common government and the union is recognized internationally as a single political entity...

 of Serbia and Montenegro
Serbia and Montenegro
Serbia and Montenegro was a country in southeastern Europe, formed from two former republics of the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia : Serbia and Montenegro. Following the breakup of Yugoslavia, it was established in 1992 as a federation called the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia...

. Since 2006, Novi Sad is part of an independent Serbia.

Devastated by NATO bombardment
1999 NATO bombing of Yugoslavia
The NATO bombing of Yugoslavia was NATO's military operation against the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia during the Kosovo War. The strikes lasted from March 24, 1999 to June 10, 1999...

, during the Kosovo War
Kosovo War
The term Kosovo War or Kosovo conflict was two sequential, and at times parallel, armed conflicts in Kosovo province, then part of FR Yugoslav Republic of Serbia; from early 1998 to 1999, there was an armed conflict initiated by the ethnic Albanian "Kosovo Liberation Army" , who sought independence...

 of 1999, Novi Sad
1999 NATO bombing of Novi Sad
During the 1999 NATO bombing of Yugoslavia, the second largest Yugoslav city of Novi Sad was one of the cities that bore the brunt of the bombing. According to NATO press releases, the bombing targeted oil refineries, roads, bridges, and telecommunications relay stations, facilities which had...

 was left without all of its three Danube bridges, communications, water, and electricity. Residential areas were cluster bombed several times while its oil refinery
Oil refinery
An oil refinery or petroleum refinery is an industrial process plant where crude oil is processed and refined into more useful petroleum products, such as gasoline, diesel fuel, asphalt base, heating oil, kerosene, and liquefied petroleum gas...

 was bombarded daily, causing severe pollution
Pollution
Pollution is the introduction of contaminants into a natural environment that causes instability, disorder, harm or discomfort to the ecosystem i.e. physical systems or living organisms. Pollution can take the form of chemical substances or energy, such as noise, heat or light...

 and widespread ecological
Ecology
Ecology is the scientific study of the relations that living organisms have with respect to each other and their natural environment. Variables of interest to ecologists include the composition, distribution, amount , number, and changing states of organisms within and among ecosystems...

 damage.

Geography


The city lies on the S-shaped meander of the river Danube, which is only 350 meters wide beneath the Petrovaradin rock. A section of the Danube-Tisa-Danube Canal
Danube-Tisa-Danube Canal
Danube–Tisa-Danube Canal is a unique hydro-engineering system for flood control and hydrotechnical, amelioration forestry, water supply, waste water evacuation, navigation, tourism, fishing, hunting...

 marks the northern edge of wider city centre, and merges with the Danube. The main part of the city lies on the left bank of the Danube, in Bačka
Backa
Bačka is a geographical area within the Pannonian plain bordered by the river Danube to the west and south, and by the river Tisza to the east of which confluence is located near Titel...

 region, while smaller parts Petrovaradin
Petrovaradin
Petrovaradin , is part of the agglomeration of Novi Sad in Serbia...

 and Sremska Kamenica
Sremska Kamenica
Sremska Kamenica is a town and urban neighborhood of Novi Sad, in Serbia.-Name:In Serbian, the town is known as Sremska Kamenica , in Croatian as Srijemska Kamenica, in Hungarian as Kamanc, and in German as Kamenitz.-Geography:The town is located in the Syrmia region, on the northern slopes of the...

 lie on the right bank, in Srem
Srem
Śrem is a town on the Warta river in central Poland. It has been situated in the Greater Poland Voivodeship since 1999; from 1975 to 1998 it was part of the Poznań Voivodeship...

 (Syrmia) region. Bačka side of the city lies on one of the southern lowest parts of Pannonian Plain, while Fruška Gora
Fruška Gora
Fruška Gora is a mountain in north Syrmia. Most part of the territory is located within Vojvodina, Serbia, but a smaller part on its western side overlaps the territory of Croatia...

 side (Syrmia) is a horst mountain. Alluvial plain
Alluvial plain
An alluvial plain is a relatively flat landform created by the deposition of sediment over a long period of time by one or more rivers coming from highland regions, from which alluvial soil forms...

s along Danube are well-formed, especially on the left bank, in some parts 10 km from the river. A large part of Novi Sad lies on a fluvial terrace with an elevation
Elevation
The elevation of a geographic location is its height above a fixed reference point, most commonly a reference geoid, a mathematical model of the Earth's sea level as an equipotential gravitational surface ....

 of 80 to 83 m (262.5 to 272.3 ). The northern part of Fruška Gora is composed of massive landslide
Landslide
A landslide or landslip is a geological phenomenon which includes a wide range of ground movement, such as rockfalls, deep failure of slopes and shallow debris flows, which can occur in offshore, coastal and onshore environments...

 zones, but they are not active, except in the Ribnjak neighborhood (between Sremska Kamenica
Sremska Kamenica
Sremska Kamenica is a town and urban neighborhood of Novi Sad, in Serbia.-Name:In Serbian, the town is known as Sremska Kamenica , in Croatian as Srijemska Kamenica, in Hungarian as Kamanc, and in German as Kamenitz.-Geography:The town is located in the Syrmia region, on the northern slopes of the...

 and Petrovaradin Fortress
Petrovaradin fortress
Petrovaradin Fortress is a fortress in Novi Sad, Serbia. It is located in the province of Vojvodina, on the right bank of the Danube river. The cornerstone of the present-day southern part of the fortress was laid on October 18, 1692, by Charles Eugène de Croÿ...

).

The total land area of the city is 699 km², while the urban area is 129.7 km².

Novi Sad is a typical Central Europe
Central Europe
Central Europe or alternatively Middle Europe is a region of the European continent lying between the variously defined areas of Eastern and Western Europe...

an town. There are only a few buildings dating before 19th century, because the city was almost totally destroyed during the 1848/1849 revolution
Revolutions of 1848 in the Habsburg areas
From March 1848 through July 1849, the Habsburg Austrian Empire was threatened by revolutionary movements. Much of the revolutionary activity was of a nationalist character: the empire, ruled from Vienna, included Austrian Germans, Hungarians, Slovenes, Poles, Czechs, Slovaks, Ruthenians,...

, so the architecture from 19th century dominates the city centre
Stari Grad, Novi Sad
Stari Grad is a neighborhood of the city of Novi Sad in the Serbian province of Vojvodina. It is the main part of Novi Sad, and it is also known as City Centre...

. Around the center, old small houses used to dominate the cityscape, but they are being replaced by modern multi-story buildings.

During the socialist period, new blocks with wide streets and multi-story buildings were built around the city core. However, not many communist-style
Plattenbau
Plattenbau is the German word for a building whose structure is constructed of large, prefabricated concrete slabs. The word is a compound of Platte and Bau...

 high-rise buildings were built, and the total number of 10+ floor buildings remained at 40-50, most of the rest being 3-6 floor Apartment buildings. City's new boulevard
Boulevard
A Boulevard is type of road, usually a wide, multi-lane arterial thoroughfare, divided with a median down the centre, and roadways along each side designed as slow travel and parking lanes and for bicycle and pedestrian usage, often with an above-average quality of landscaping and scenery...

 (today's Bulevar oslobođenja) was cut through the old housings in 1962-1964, establishing major communication lines. Several more boulevards were subsequently built in a similar manner, creating an orthogonal
Orthogonality
Orthogonality occurs when two things can vary independently, they are uncorrelated, or they are perpendicular.-Mathematics:In mathematics, two vectors are orthogonal if they are perpendicular, i.e., they form a right angle...

 network over what used to be mostly radial structure of the old town. Those interventions paved the way for a relatively unhampered growth of the city, which almost tripled its population since the 1950s, and traffic congestion
Traffic congestion
Traffic congestion is a condition on road networks that occurs as use increases, and is characterized by slower speeds, longer trip times, and increased vehicular queueing. The most common example is the physical use of roads by vehicles. When traffic demand is great enough that the interaction...

s (except on a few critical points) are still relatively mild despite the huge boost of car numbers, especially in later years.

Neighbourhoods



Some of the oldest neighbourhoods in the city are Stari Grad
Stari Grad, Novi Sad
Stari Grad is a neighborhood of the city of Novi Sad in the Serbian province of Vojvodina. It is the main part of Novi Sad, and it is also known as City Centre...

 (Old Town), Rotkvarija, Podbara
Podbara
Podbara is a quarter of the city of Novi Sad in Serbia.-Borders:The southern borders of Podbara are Ulica Miloša Bajića , Trg Republike , Daničićeva ulica , Ulica Zlatne grede , Pašićeva ulica , Ulica Matice srpske , Sterijina ulica , and...

 and Salajka
Salajka
Salajka , also known as Slavija , is a quarter of the city of Novi Sad in Serbia.-Borders:The western and southern border of Salajka is Kisačka ulica , the eastern border is Temerinska ulica , and the northern border is Danube-Tisa-Danube channel.-Neighbouring city quarters:The neighbouring city...

. Sremska Kamenica
Sremska Kamenica
Sremska Kamenica is a town and urban neighborhood of Novi Sad, in Serbia.-Name:In Serbian, the town is known as Sremska Kamenica , in Croatian as Srijemska Kamenica, in Hungarian as Kamanc, and in German as Kamenitz.-Geography:The town is located in the Syrmia region, on the northern slopes of the...

 and Petrovaradin
Petrovaradin
Petrovaradin , is part of the agglomeration of Novi Sad in Serbia...

, on the right bank of the Danube, were separate towns in the past, but today are parts of the urban area of Novi Sad. Liman (divided into four parts, numbered I-IV), as well as Novo Naselje
Bistrica (Novo Naselje)
Bistrica , also known as Novo Naselje , is a neighborhood of the city of Novi Sad, the capital of the Serbian province of Vojvodina. The first houses at this locality were built in 1957.-Name:...

 are neighbourhoods built during 1960s, 1970s and 1980s with modern buildings and wide boulevards.

New neighbourhoods, like Liman, Detelinara
Detelinara
Detelinara is a neighbourhood of the city of Novi Sad in the Serbian province of Vojvodina.-Borders:The south-eastern borders of Detelinara are Ulica Branka Bajića and Ulica Braće Popović , the north-eastern border is Rumenačka ulica , the northern border is Ulica Oblačića Rada , and...

 and Novo Naselje
Bistrica (Novo Naselje)
Bistrica , also known as Novo Naselje , is a neighborhood of the city of Novi Sad, the capital of the Serbian province of Vojvodina. The first houses at this locality were built in 1957.-Name:...

, with modern high residential buildings emerged from fields and forests surrounding the city to house the huge influx of people from the countryside following World War II. Many old houses in the city centre, Rotkvarija and Bulevar
Bulevar
Bulevar is an urban neighborhood of Novi Sad, Serbia. Its name simply means "boulevard" in Serbian. Bulevar is not a traditional city neighborhood; it is rather an informal neighborhood that includes parts of several traditional city quarters that are situated around 3 km long Liberation Boulevard...

 neighbourhoods were torn down in the 1950s and 1960s to be replaced with multi-story buildings, as the city experienced a major construction boom during the last 10 years; some neighbourhoods, like Grbavica
Grbavica (Novi Sad)
Grbavica is a neighborhood of the city of Novi Sad in the Serbian province of Vojvodina.-Borders:The northern border of Grbavica is Futoška ulica , the western borders are Ulica Vojvode Knićanina and Ulica Kola srpskih sestara , the southern border is Bulevar Cara Lazara , and the...

 have completely changed their face.

Neighbourhoods with individual housing are mostly located away from the city center; Telep
Telep
Telep is a neighborhood of Novi Sad, in the Serbian province of Vojvodina. Telep is located in the western part of the city and it covers an area of 3.45 km².-Name:...

 in the southwest and Klisa on the north are the oldest such quarters, while Adice
Adice
Adice is a neighborhood of the city of Novi Sad in Serbia.-Borders:The southern border of Adice is Podunavska ulica , the eastern border is Šumska ulica , the northern border is Novosadski put , and the western border is a western city limit of Novi Sad...

, Veternička Rampa
Veternicka Rampa
Veternička Rampa is a quarter of the city of Novi Sad in the Serbian province of Vojvodina.-Borders:The southern border of Veternička Rampa is Novosadski put , the eastern border is Ulica Somborska rampa , the northern border is a prolongation of the Bulevar Vojvode Stepe , and the western border...

 and Veternik
Veternik
Veternik is a suburban settlement near Novi Sad, Serbia. It is located between Novi Sad and Futog. Its population numbers 16,895 and most of its inhabitants are ethnic Serbs...

 on the west significantly expanded during last 15 years, partly due to an influx of Serb refugees during the Yugoslav wars
Yugoslav wars
The Yugoslav Wars were a series of wars, fought throughout the former Yugoslavia between 1991 and 1995. The wars were complex: characterized by bitter ethnic conflicts among the peoples of the former Yugoslavia, mostly between Serbs on the one side and Croats and Bosniaks on the other; but also...

.

Suburbs and villages



Besides the urban part of the city (which includes Novi Sad proper, with population of around 262,000, Petrovaradin
Petrovaradin
Petrovaradin , is part of the agglomeration of Novi Sad in Serbia...

 (around 17,000) and Sremska Kamenica
Sremska Kamenica
Sremska Kamenica is a town and urban neighborhood of Novi Sad, in Serbia.-Name:In Serbian, the town is known as Sremska Kamenica , in Croatian as Srijemska Kamenica, in Hungarian as Kamanc, and in German as Kamenitz.-Geography:The town is located in the Syrmia region, on the northern slopes of the...

 (around 12,000)), there are 12 more settlements and 1 town in Novi Sad's municipal area. 23.7% of total city's population live in suburbs, the largest being Futog
Futog
Futog is a town in Serbia, in the Autonomous Province of Vojvodina. It is part of the metropolitan area of Novi Sad.-Name:The name Futog derives from Old Church Slavonic term for “on the mouth” - vo utok ....

 (20,000), and Veternik
Veternik
Veternik is a suburban settlement near Novi Sad, Serbia. It is located between Novi Sad and Futog. Its population numbers 16,895 and most of its inhabitants are ethnic Serbs...

 (17,000) on the West, which over the years, especially in the 1990s, have grown and physically merged to the city.

The most isolated and the least populated village in the suburban area is Stari Ledinci
Stari Ledinci
Stari Ledinci , also known simply as Ledinci , is a village located in the Petrovaradin municipality, one of two municipalities of Novi Sad City in Serbia, in the Autonomous Province of Vojvodina. The population of Stari Ledinci numbered 823 people in the 2002 census...

. Ledinci
Ledinci
Ledinci , also known as Novi Ledinci , is a village located in the Petrovaradin municipality, one of two municipalities of Novi Sad City, in Serbia. It is situated in the Autonomous Province of Vojvodina...

, Stari Ledinci and Bukovac
Bukovac
Bukovac is a village in Serbia. It is situated in the Petrovaradin urban municipality , in the Vojvodina province. The village has a Serb ethnic majority and its population is 3,595 .-The name:The name Bukovac is thought to be derived from the word for a tree - 'bukva'...

 are located on Fruška Gora
Fruška Gora
Fruška Gora is a mountain in north Syrmia. Most part of the territory is located within Vojvodina, Serbia, but a smaller part on its western side overlaps the territory of Croatia...

 slopes and the last two have only one paved road, which connect them to other places. Besides the urban area of Novi Sad, the suburb of Futog is also officially classified as "urban settlement" (a town), while other suburbs are mostly "rural" (villages).

Some towns and villages in separate municipalities of Sremski Karlovci
Sremski Karlovci
Sremski Karlovci is a town and municipality in Serbia, in the autonomous province of Vojvodina, situated on the bank of the river Danube, 8 km from Novi Sad...

, Temerin
Temerin
Temerin is a town and municipality in South Bačka District of Vojvodina, Serbia...

 and Beočin
Beocin
Beočin is a town and municipality in the Vojvodina province, Serbia. The population of the town is 8,037, whilst Beočin's municipality population is 16,029...

 which border City of Novi Sad, share the same public transport
Public transport
Public transport is a shared passenger transportation service which is available for use by the general public, as distinct from modes such as taxicab, car pooling or hired buses which are not shared by strangers without private arrangement.Public transport modes include buses, trolleybuses, trams...

ation and are also economically connected to Novi Sad.
No. Name Town or village Urban municipality Population(2009 data)
1 Begeč
Begec
Begeč is a village in Serbian province of Vojvodina. It is located in Novi Sad municipality, in South Bačka District. Begeč is situated on the river Danube, approximately 15 km west from Novi Sad, on Bačka Palanka-Novi Sad road...

 
village Novi Sad
Novi Sad municipality
City Municipality of Novi Sad is one of two city municipalities which comprise the City of Novi Sad in Serbia. The population of the municipality include approximately 335,000 people.-Politics:...

 
3,502
2 Budisava
Budisava
Budisava is a village in Serbia. It is located in the Novi Sad urban municipality, in the South Bačka District, Vojvodina province...

 
village Novi Sad
Novi Sad municipality
City Municipality of Novi Sad is one of two city municipalities which comprise the City of Novi Sad in Serbia. The population of the municipality include approximately 335,000 people.-Politics:...

 
4,004
3 Bukovac
Bukovac
Bukovac is a village in Serbia. It is situated in the Petrovaradin urban municipality , in the Vojvodina province. The village has a Serb ethnic majority and its population is 3,595 .-The name:The name Bukovac is thought to be derived from the word for a tree - 'bukva'...

 
village Petrovaradin
Petrovaradin
Petrovaradin , is part of the agglomeration of Novi Sad in Serbia...

 
4,049
4 Čenej
Cenej
Čenej is a village located in the Novi Sad municipality, in the South Bačka District of Serbia. It is situated in the Autonomous Province of Vojvodina...

 
village Novi Sad
Novi Sad municipality
City Municipality of Novi Sad is one of two city municipalities which comprise the City of Novi Sad in Serbia. The population of the municipality include approximately 335,000 people.-Politics:...

 
2,134
5 Futog
Futog
Futog is a town in Serbia, in the Autonomous Province of Vojvodina. It is part of the metropolitan area of Novi Sad.-Name:The name Futog derives from Old Church Slavonic term for “on the mouth” - vo utok ....

 
town Novi Sad
Novi Sad municipality
City Municipality of Novi Sad is one of two city municipalities which comprise the City of Novi Sad in Serbia. The population of the municipality include approximately 335,000 people.-Politics:...

 
20,378
6 Kać
KAC
KAC may refer to:*Knight's Armament Company*EC KAC, a professional ice hockey team*Kajonk-A-Con*King Armored Car, the USA's first armored vehicle....

 
village Novi Sad
Novi Sad municipality
City Municipality of Novi Sad is one of two city municipalities which comprise the City of Novi Sad in Serbia. The population of the municipality include approximately 335,000 people.-Politics:...

 
12,499
7 Kisač
Kisac
Kisač is one of the suburban settlements of the City of Novi Sad in the South Bačka District of Serbia. It is situated in the Autonomous Province of Vojvodina. The settlement has a Slovak ethnic majority.-History:The village was firstly mentioned in 1457...

 
village Novi Sad
Novi Sad municipality
City Municipality of Novi Sad is one of two city municipalities which comprise the City of Novi Sad in Serbia. The population of the municipality include approximately 335,000 people.-Politics:...

 
5,566
8 Kovilj
Kovilj
Kovilj is a village located in the Novi Sad municipality, in the South Bačka District of Serbia. It is situated in the Autonomous Province of Vojvodina...

 
village Novi Sad
Novi Sad municipality
City Municipality of Novi Sad is one of two city municipalities which comprise the City of Novi Sad in Serbia. The population of the municipality include approximately 335,000 people.-Politics:...

 
5,612
9 Ledinci
Ledinci
Ledinci , also known as Novi Ledinci , is a village located in the Petrovaradin municipality, one of two municipalities of Novi Sad City, in Serbia. It is situated in the Autonomous Province of Vojvodina...

 
village Petrovaradin
Petrovaradin
Petrovaradin , is part of the agglomeration of Novi Sad in Serbia...

 
1,881
10 Rumenka
Rumenka
Rumenka is a village located in the Novi Sad municipality, in the South Bačka District of Serbia. It is situated in the Autonomous Province of Vojvodina...

 
village Novi Sad
Novi Sad municipality
City Municipality of Novi Sad is one of two city municipalities which comprise the City of Novi Sad in Serbia. The population of the municipality include approximately 335,000 people.-Politics:...

 
6,485
11 Stari Ledinci
Stari Ledinci
Stari Ledinci , also known simply as Ledinci , is a village located in the Petrovaradin municipality, one of two municipalities of Novi Sad City in Serbia, in the Autonomous Province of Vojvodina. The population of Stari Ledinci numbered 823 people in the 2002 census...

 
village Petrovaradin
Petrovaradin
Petrovaradin , is part of the agglomeration of Novi Sad in Serbia...

 
926
12 Stepanovićevo
Stepanovicevo
Stepanovićevo is a village in Serbia. It is located in the Novi Sad municipality, in the South Bačka District, Vojvodina province. The village has a Serb ethnic majority and a population of 2,214 people...

 
village Novi Sad
Novi Sad municipality
City Municipality of Novi Sad is one of two city municipalities which comprise the City of Novi Sad in Serbia. The population of the municipality include approximately 335,000 people.-Politics:...

 
2,216
13 Veternik
Veternik
Veternik is a suburban settlement near Novi Sad, Serbia. It is located between Novi Sad and Futog. Its population numbers 16,895 and most of its inhabitants are ethnic Serbs...

 
village Novi Sad
Novi Sad municipality
City Municipality of Novi Sad is one of two city municipalities which comprise the City of Novi Sad in Serbia. The population of the municipality include approximately 335,000 people.-Politics:...

 
16,503

Climate


Novi Sad has a temperate continental climate
Continental climate
Continental climate is a climate characterized by important annual variation in temperature due to the lack of significant bodies of water nearby...

, with four seasons. Autumn is longer than spring, with long sunny and warm periods. Winter is not so severe, with an average of 22 days of complete sub-zero temperature. January is the coldest month, with an average temperature of -1.9 °C. Spring is usually short and rainy, while summer arrives abruptly. The coldest temperature ever recorded in Novi Sad was -30.7 °C on 24 January 1963; and the hottest temperature ever recorded was 41.6 °C (106.9 °F) on 24 July 2007.

The southeast-east wind Košava
Košava (wind)
Košava is a cold, very squally southeastern wind found in Serbia and some nearby countries. It starts in the Carpathian Mountains and follows the Danube northwest through the Iron Gate region where it gains a jet effect, then continues to Belgrade. It can spread as far north as Hungary and as...

, which blows from the Carpathians
Carpathian Mountains
The Carpathian Mountains or Carpathians are a range of mountains forming an arc roughly long across Central and Eastern Europe, making them the second-longest mountain range in Europe...

 and brings clear and dry weather, is characteristic of the local climate. It mostly blows in autumn and winter, in 2–3 days intervals. The average speed
Velocity
In physics, velocity is speed in a given direction. Speed describes only how fast an object is moving, whereas velocity gives both the speed and direction of the object's motion. To have a constant velocity, an object must have a constant speed and motion in a constant direction. Constant ...

 of Košava is 25–43 km per hour but certain strokes can reach up to 130 km/h. In winter time, accompanied by snow storms
Winter storm
A winter storm is an event in which the dominant varieties of precipitation are formed that only occur at low temperatures, such as snow or sleet, or a rainstorm where ground temperatures are low enough to allow ice to form...

, it can cause snowdrifts.

Demographics




Novi Sad is the largest city in Vojvodina
Vojvodina
Vojvodina, officially called Autonomous Province of Vojvodina is an autonomous province of Serbia. Its capital and largest city is Novi Sad...

, and second largest in Serbia
Serbia
Serbia , officially the Republic of Serbia , is a landlocked country located at the crossroads of Central and Southeast Europe, covering the southern part of the Carpathian basin and the central part of the Balkans...

 (after Belgrade
Belgrade
Belgrade is the capital and largest city of Serbia. It is located at the confluence of the Sava and Danube rivers, where the Pannonian Plain meets the Balkans. According to official results of Census 2011, the city has a population of 1,639,121. It is one of the 15 largest cities in Europe...

). Since its founding, the population of the city has been constantly increasing. According to the 1991 census, 56.2% of the people who came to Novi Sad from 1961 to 1991 were from other parts of Vojvodina, while 15.3% came from Bosnia and Herzegovina
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Bosnia and Herzegovina , sometimes called Bosnia-Herzegovina or simply Bosnia, is a country in Southern Europe, on the Balkan Peninsula. Bordered by Croatia to the north, west and south, Serbia to the east, and Montenegro to the southeast, Bosnia and Herzegovina is almost landlocked, except for the...

 and 11.7% from Central Serbia
Central Serbia
Central Serbia , also referred to as Serbia proper , was the region of Serbia from 1945 to 2009. It included central parts of Serbia outside of the autonomous provinces of Kosovo and Vojvodina. The region of Central Serbia was not an administrative division of Serbia as such; it was under the...

.

According to the official census from 2002, the city's urban population was 216,583 (including Petrovaradin and Sremska Kamenica) and 299,294 with the surrounding inhabited places of the municipalities included. In 1990s and 2000s, the city continued to experience significant population growth, so its urban population reached nearly 248,119 in 2011 (including Petrovaradin and Sremska Kamenica) and 335,701 with surrounding settlements.

Historical population


Population of Novi Sad through history:
  • 1798: 6,890
  • 1848: 18,530
  • 1900: 28,763
  • 1910: 33,089
  • 1921: 39,122
  • 1931: 63,985
  • 1941: 61,731
  • 1948: 69,431
  • 1953: 76,752
  • 1961: 102,469
  • 1971: 141,375
  • 1981: 170,020
  • 1991: 179,626
  • 2002: 191,405 (or 216,583 together with Petrovaradin and Sremska Kamenica)

Ethnic groups


Ethnic groups in the municipal area and the city proper, according to the 2002 census:
GroupMunicipal areaNovi Sad proper
Total population 299,294 191,405
Serbs
Serbs
The Serbs are a South Slavic ethnic group of the Balkans and southern Central Europe. Serbs are located mainly in Serbia, Montenegro and Bosnia and Herzegovina, and form a sizable minority in Croatia, the Republic of Macedonia and Slovenia. Likewise, Serbs are an officially recognized minority in...

76.73% 76.15%
Hungarians 5.24% 6.03%
Yugoslavs
Yugoslavs
Yugoslavs is a national designation used by a minority of South Slavs across the countries of the former Yugoslavia and in the diaspora...

3.17% 3.69%
Slovaks
Slovaks
The Slovaks, Slovak people, or Slovakians are a West Slavic people that primarily inhabit Slovakia and speak the Slovak language, which is closely related to the Czech language.Most Slovaks today live within the borders of the independent Slovakia...

2.41% n/a
Croats
Croats
Croats are a South Slavic ethnic group mostly living in Croatia, Bosnia and Herzegovina and nearby countries. There are around 4 million Croats living inside Croatia and up to 4.5 million throughout the rest of the world. Responding to political, social and economic pressure, many Croats have...

2.09% 1.84%
Others 9.91% 12.31%


Most of the inhabited places in the municipalities have an ethnic Serb majority, while the village of Kisač
Kisac
Kisač is one of the suburban settlements of the City of Novi Sad in the South Bačka District of Serbia. It is situated in the Autonomous Province of Vojvodina. The settlement has a Slovak ethnic majority.-History:The village was firstly mentioned in 1457...

 has an ethnic Slovak majority.

Religion



According to the 2002 census, the population of the municipal area of Novi Sad (comprising both municipalities) included 232,995 Orthodox Christians, 24,843 Catholics, 9,428 Protestants, 2,542 Muslims, 129 Jews
Jews
The Jews , also known as the Jewish people, are a nation and ethnoreligious group originating in the Israelites or Hebrews of the Ancient Near East. The Jewish ethnicity, nationality, and religion are strongly interrelated, as Judaism is the traditional faith of the Jewish nation...

, and others. City is the seat of the Serbian Orthodox Eparchy of Bačka
Eparchy of Backa
The Eparchy of Bačka is an ecclesiastical territory or eparchy of the Serbian Orthodox Church in the Bačka region, Serbia. It is situated in the autonomous province of Vojvodina and seat of the eparchy is in Novi Sad.-History:...

 and of the Muftiship of Novi Sad
Muftiship of Novi Sad
Muftiship of Novi Sad is one of the four muftiships of the Islamic Community in Serbia. Muftiship is including territory of the Autonomous Province of Vojvodina and its seat is in Novi Sad...

 of the Islamic Community in Serbia.

Politics


Novi Sad is the administrative centre of the Autonomous Province
Subdivisions of Serbia
The territorial organization of Serbia is regulated by the Law on Territorial Organization, adopted by the National Assembly of Serbia on 29 December 2007...

 of Vojvodina
Vojvodina
Vojvodina, officially called Autonomous Province of Vojvodina is an autonomous province of Serbia. Its capital and largest city is Novi Sad...

, and as such, is home to Vojvodina's Government
Government of Vojvodina
The Government of Vojvodina is the executive organ of the Autonomous Province of Vojvodina. For its actions it is accountable to the Assembly of Vojvodina...

 and Provincial Assembly
Assembly of Vojvodina
The unicameral parliament of the Serbian autonomous province of Vojvodina is known as the Assembly of the Autonomous Province of Vojvodina .The Parliament's Speaker is Sándor Egeresi...

.

The city's administration bodies consist of city assembly
Deliberative assembly
A deliberative assembly is an organization comprising members who use parliamentary procedure to make decisions. In a speech to the electorate at Bristol in 1774, Edmund Burke described the English Parliament as a "deliberative assembly," and the expression became the basic term for a body of...

 as representative body, mayor
Mayor
In many countries, a Mayor is the highest ranking officer in the municipal government of a town or a large urban city....

 and city government
Local government
Local government refers collectively to administrative authorities over areas that are smaller than a state.The term is used to contrast with offices at nation-state level, which are referred to as the central government, national government, or federal government...

 as executive body. Members of the city assembly and mayor are elected at direct elections. City assembly has 78 seats, while city government has 11 members. The mayor and members of city's assembly are elected to four-year terms; and city government is elected on mayor’s proposal by the city assembly by majority of votes.

As of 2008 election, mayor of Novi Sad is Igor Pavličić
Igor Pavlicic
Igor Pavličić is a Serbian politician, and a current president of the city government of Novi Sad, and a president of Novi Sad Democratic Party . He was elected on 16 June 2008.-References:...

 (Democratic Party
Democratic Party (Serbia)
The Democratic Party is a political party in Serbia. It is described as a social liberal or social democratic party.-Pre-war history:The Democratic Party was established on 16 February 1919 from unification of Sarajevo parties independent radicals, progressives, liberals and the Serbian part of...

); while in the city assembly majority have Democratic Party
Democratic Party (Serbia)
The Democratic Party is a political party in Serbia. It is described as a social liberal or social democratic party.-Pre-war history:The Democratic Party was established on 16 February 1919 from unification of Sarajevo parties independent radicals, progressives, liberals and the Serbian part of...

, G17+
G17 Plus
G17 Plus , abbreviated to G17+, is a centre-right political party in Serbia. With 22 seats in the National Assembly, it is the third-largest party, and currently participates in a coalition with, amongst others, the Democratic Party and the Socialist Party...

, Together for Vojvodina
Together for Vojvodina
Together for Vojvodina was a political coalition in the Serbian province of Vojvodina. At the latest legislative elections in Vojvodina, in September 2004, the alliance won 9.44 % of the popular vote, and 7 seats in the provincial parliament...

 and Hungarian Coalition
Hungarian Coalition
The Hungarian Coalition ; Serbian: Мађарска Коалиција , Mađarska Koalicija ) is a political coalition composed of 3 ethnic Hungarian political parties in Serbia: the Alliance of Vojvodina Hungarians, the Democratic Party of Vojvodina Hungarians, and the Democratic Fellowship of Vojvodina Hungarians...

.

Since 2002, when the new statute of Novi Sad came into effect, City of Novi Sad is divided into 46 local communities within two urban municipalities, Novi Sad
Novi Sad municipality
City Municipality of Novi Sad is one of two city municipalities which comprise the City of Novi Sad in Serbia. The population of the municipality include approximately 335,000 people.-Politics:...

 and Petrovaradin
Petrovaradin
Petrovaradin , is part of the agglomeration of Novi Sad in Serbia...

, whose borders are defined by geographic boundaries (Danube river).

International cooperation



Novi Sad has relationships with several twin
Town twinning
Twin towns and sister cities are two of many terms used to describe the cooperative agreements between towns, cities, and even counties in geographically and politically distinct areas to promote cultural and commercial ties.- Terminology :...

 towns. One of the main streets in its city centre
Stari Grad, Novi Sad
Stari Grad is a neighborhood of the city of Novi Sad in the Serbian province of Vojvodina. It is the main part of Novi Sad, and it is also known as City Centre...

 is named after Modena
Modena
Modena is a city and comune on the south side of the Po Valley, in the Province of Modena in the Emilia-Romagna region of Italy....

 in Italy
Italy
Italy , officially the Italian Republic languages]] under the European Charter for Regional or Minority Languages. In each of these, Italy's official name is as follows:;;;;;;;;), is a unitary parliamentary republic in South-Central Europe. To the north it borders France, Switzerland, Austria and...

; and likewise Modena has named a park in its town centre Parco di Piazza d'Armi Novi Sad. The Novi Sad Friendship Bridge
River Wensum
The River Wensum is a chalk fed river in Norfolk, England and a tributary of the River Yare despite being the larger of the two rivers. The complete river is a designated Site of Special Scientific Interest and Special Area of Conservation ....

 in Norwich
Norwich
Norwich is a city in England. It is the regional administrative centre and county town of Norfolk. During the 11th century, Norwich was the largest city in England after London, and one of the most important places in the kingdom...

, United Kingdom
United Kingdom
The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern IrelandIn the United Kingdom and Dependencies, other languages have been officially recognised as legitimate autochthonous languages under the European Charter for Regional or Minority Languages...

, by Buro Happold
Buro Happold
Buro Happold is a professional services firm providing engineering consultancy, design, planning, project management and consulting services for all aspects of buildings, infrastructure and the environment, with its head office in Bath, Somerset...

, was also named in honour of Novi Sad. Besides twin cities, Novi Sad has many signed agreements on joint cooperation with many European cities (see also: Twin cities of Novi Sad). , Novi Sad's twin towns
Town twinning
Twin towns and sister cities are two of many terms used to describe the cooperative agreements between towns, cities, and even counties in geographically and politically distinct areas to promote cultural and commercial ties.- Terminology :...

 are:

Banja Luka
Banja Luka
-History:The name "Banja Luka" was first mentioned in a document dated February 6, 1494, but Banja Luka's history dates back to ancient times. There is a substantial evidence of the Roman presence in the region during the first few centuries A.D., including an old fort "Kastel" in the centre of...

, Bosnia and Herzegovina
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Bosnia and Herzegovina , sometimes called Bosnia-Herzegovina or simply Bosnia, is a country in Southern Europe, on the Balkan Peninsula. Bordered by Croatia to the north, west and south, Serbia to the east, and Montenegro to the southeast, Bosnia and Herzegovina is almost landlocked, except for the...

 Budva
Budva
Budva is a coastal town in Montenegro. It has around 15,000 inhabitants, and it is the centre of municipality...

, Montenegro
Montenegro
Montenegro Montenegrin: Crna Gora Црна Гора , meaning "Black Mountain") is a country located in Southeastern Europe. It has a coast on the Adriatic Sea to the south-west and is bordered by Croatia to the west, Bosnia and Herzegovina to the northwest, Serbia to the northeast and Albania to the...

 Dortmund
Dortmund
Dortmund is a city in Germany. It is located in the Bundesland of North Rhine-Westphalia, in the Ruhr area. Its population of 585,045 makes it the 7th largest city in Germany and the 34th largest in the European Union....

, Germany
Germany
Germany , officially the Federal Republic of Germany , is a federal parliamentary republic in Europe. The country consists of 16 states while the capital and largest city is Berlin. Germany covers an area of 357,021 km2 and has a largely temperate seasonal climate...

 Ilioupoli
Ilioupoli
Ilioupoli is a suburb in the south-southeastern part of metropolitan Athens, Greece.The area was made up of farmlands to the west and the central part and the rocky areas of the Hymettus to its east. Mixed farming was common in the western part. Much of the agricultural production that time was...

, Greece
Greece
Greece , officially the Hellenic Republic , and historically Hellas or the Republic of Greece in English, is a country in southeastern Europe....

 Modena
Modena
Modena is a city and comune on the south side of the Po Valley, in the Province of Modena in the Emilia-Romagna region of Italy....

, Italy
Italy
Italy , officially the Italian Republic languages]] under the European Charter for Regional or Minority Languages. In each of these, Italy's official name is as follows:;;;;;;;;), is a unitary parliamentary republic in South-Central Europe. To the north it borders France, Switzerland, Austria and...

 Irkutsk
Irkutsk
Irkutsk is a city and the administrative center of Irkutsk Oblast, Russia, one of the largest cities in Siberia. Population: .-History:In 1652, Ivan Pokhabov built a zimovye near the site of Irkutsk for gold trading and for the collection of fur taxes from the Buryats. In 1661, Yakov Pokhabov...

, Russia
Russia
Russia or , officially known as both Russia and the Russian Federation , is a country in northern Eurasia. It is a federal semi-presidential republic, comprising 83 federal subjects...


Nizhny Novgorod
Nizhny Novgorod
Nizhny Novgorod , colloquially shortened to Nizhny, is, with the population of 1,250,615, the fifth largest city in Russia, ranking after Moscow, St. Petersburg, Novosibirsk, and Yekaterinburg...

, Russia
Russia
Russia or , officially known as both Russia and the Russian Federation , is a country in northern Eurasia. It is a federal semi-presidential republic, comprising 83 federal subjects...

 Norwich
Norwich
Norwich is a city in England. It is the regional administrative centre and county town of Norfolk. During the 11th century, Norwich was the largest city in England after London, and one of the most important places in the kingdom...

, United Kingdom
United Kingdom
The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern IrelandIn the United Kingdom and Dependencies, other languages have been officially recognised as legitimate autochthonous languages under the European Charter for Regional or Minority Languages...

 Changchun
Changchun
Changchun is the capital and largest city of Jilin province, located in the northeast of the People's Republic of China, in the center of the Songliao Plain. It is administered as a sub-provincial city with a population of 7,677,089 at the 2010 census under its jurisdiction, including counties and...

, China
People's Republic of China
China , officially the People's Republic of China , is the most populous country in the world, with over 1.3 billion citizens. Located in East Asia, the country covers approximately 9.6 million square kilometres...

 Pécs
Pécs
Pécs is the fifth largest city of Hungary, located on the slopes of the Mecsek mountains in the south-west of the country, close to its border with Croatia. It is the administrative and economical centre of Baranya county...

, Hungary
Hungary
Hungary , officially the Republic of Hungary , is a landlocked country in Central Europe. It is situated in the Carpathian Basin and is bordered by Slovakia to the north, Ukraine and Romania to the east, Serbia and Croatia to the south, Slovenia to the southwest and Austria to the west. The...

 Timişoara
Timisoara
Timișoara is the capital city of Timiș County, in western Romania. One of the largest Romanian cities, with an estimated population of 311,586 inhabitants , and considered the informal capital city of the historical region of Banat, Timișoara is the main social, economic and cultural center in the...

, Romania
Romania
Romania is a country located at the crossroads of Central and Southeastern Europe, on the Lower Danube, within and outside the Carpathian arch, bordering on the Black Sea...


Novi Sad is an associated member of Eurocities
Eurocities
EUROCITIES is the network of major European cities.The EUROCITIES network was founded in 1986 by mayors from six large European cities:* Barcelona, Spain* Birmingham, United Kingdom* Frankfurt, Germany* Lyon, France* Milan, Italy* Rotterdam, Netherlands...

.

Economy


Novi Sad is the economic centre of Vojvodina
Vojvodina
Vojvodina, officially called Autonomous Province of Vojvodina is an autonomous province of Serbia. Its capital and largest city is Novi Sad...

, the most fertile agricultural region in Serbia
Serbia
Serbia , officially the Republic of Serbia , is a landlocked country located at the crossroads of Central and Southeast Europe, covering the southern part of the Carpathian basin and the central part of the Balkans...

. The city also is one of the largest economic and cultural centres in Serbia and former Yugoslavia
Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia
The Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia was the Yugoslav state that existed from the abolition of the Yugoslav monarchy until it was dissolved in 1992 amid the Yugoslav Wars. It was a socialist state and a federation made up of six socialist republics: Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia,...

.

Novi Sad had always been a relatively developed city within Yugoslavia. In 1981 its GDP per capita was 172% of the Yugoslav average. In the 1990s, the city (like the rest of Serbia) was severely affected by an internationally imposed trade embargo
Embargo
An embargo is the partial or complete prohibition of commerce and trade with a particular country, in order to isolate it. Embargoes are considered strong diplomatic measures imposed in an effort, by the imposing country, to elicit a given national-interest result from the country on which it is...

 and hyperinflation of the Yugoslav dinar
Yugoslav dinar
The dinar was the currency of the three Yugoslav states: the Kingdom of Yugoslavia , the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia and the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia between 1918 and 2003. The dinar was subdivided into 100 para...

. The embargo and economic mismanagement lead to a decay or demise of once big industrial combines, such as Novkabel (electric cable industry), Pobeda (metal industry), Jugoalat (tools), Albus and HINS (chemical industry). Practically the only viable remaining large facility is the oil refinery, located northeast of the town (along with the thermal power plant
Thermal power station
A thermal power station is a power plant in which the prime mover is steam driven. Water is heated, turns into steam and spins a steam turbine which drives an electrical generator. After it passes through the turbine, the steam is condensed in a condenser and recycled to where it was heated; this...

), near the settlement of Šangaj
Šangaj
Šangaj is a neighborhood and local community of Novi Sad, in Serbian province of Vojvodina. Šangaj is located in northeastern part of the city and it covering the area of 0.13 km².-Name and history:...

.

The economy of Novi Sad has mostly recovered from that period and it has grown strongly since 2001, shifting from industry-driven economy to the tertiary sector. The processes of privatization
Privatization
Privatization is the incidence or process of transferring ownership of a business, enterprise, agency or public service from the public sector to the private sector or to private non-profit organizations...

 of state and society-owned enterprises, as well as strong private incentive, increased the share of privately-owned companies to over 95% in the district, and small and medium-size enterprises dominated the city's economic development
Economic development
Economic development generally refers to the sustained, concerted actions of policymakers and communities that promote the standard of living and economic health of a specific area...

.

The significance of Novi Sad as a financial center is proven by numerous banks such as Vojvođanska Bank, Erste Bank
Erste Bank Novi Sad
Erste Bank a.d. Novi Sad is a bank operating in Serbia. Bank's headquarters are located in the second largest city in Serbia - Novi Sad.The bank was founded in 1864 as Novosadska banka. In August 2005 Austrian Erste Bank took over the bank's majority share from the Serbian government for €73.2...

, Kulska Bank
OTP banka Srbija
OTP banka is a bank operating in Serbia.The Bank was officially founded on May 21, 2007, through merger of three Serbian banks: Niska Banka ad Nis, Zepter banka ad Beograd and Kulska banka ad Novi Sad...

, Meridian Bank
Meridian Bank
Meridian Bank is a bank operating in Serbia. The banks headquarters are in Novi Sad, Serbia's second largest city.It was founded in October 1991 as a private bank with mixed capital. Since July 2005, it is majority owned by Crédit Agricole S.A. Paris....

, Metals Bank
Metals-banka
Metals-banka is a Serbian bank, established in 1990 with its headquarters located in Novi Sad.Metals-banka runs various operations, including: deposit, payment, loans, foreign exchange , cash transfers in accordance with the federal law and other financial services.The bank's market presence was...

, NLB Continental Bank and Panonska Bank; and second largest insurance company
Insurance
In law and economics, insurance is a form of risk management primarily used to hedge against the risk of a contingent, uncertain loss. Insurance is defined as the equitable transfer of the risk of a loss, from one entity to another, in exchange for payment. An insurer is a company selling the...

 in Serbia - DDOR Novi Sad
DDOR Novi Sad
DDOR Novi Sad is one of the largest insurance companies in Serbia, offering auto, home, commercial and life insurance. Its head office is located in Novi Sad.-History:...

. The city is also home to the major oil company
Petroleum industry
The petroleum industry includes the global processes of exploration, extraction, refining, transporting , and marketing petroleum products. The largest volume products of the industry are fuel oil and gasoline...

 - Naftna Industrija Srbije
Naftna Industrija Srbije
Naftna Industrija Srbije is an oil company in Serbia. The company's main business is the oil and gas exploration, production, importing, processing, transportation, and marketing of oil and oil products in Serbia. It holds monopoly on all oil imports until 2011 except the high quality diesel fuel...

. It is also the seat of the wheat market.

At the end of 2005, Statistical office of Serbia published a list of most developed municipalities in Serbia, placing City of Novi Sad at No.7 by national income
Measures of national income and output
A variety of measures of national income and output are used in economics to estimate total economic activity in a country or region, including gross domestic product , gross national product , and net national income . All are specially concerned with counting the total amount of goods and...

, behind some Belgrade municipalities and Bečej
Becej
Bečej is a town and municipality located in the South Bačka District in Vojvodina, Serbia. The town has a population of 25,703, while Bečej municipality has 40,877 inhabitants. It is multiethnic town, with Hungarians and Serbs as largest ethnic groups...

, with 201.1% above Serbia's average.

Culture


In the 19th century, the city was the capital of Serbian culture
Serbian culture
Serbian culture refers to the culture of Serbia and of ethnic Serbs.The Serbian culture starts with that of the South Slavic peoples that lived in the Balkans. Early on, Serbs may have been influenced by the Paleo-Balkan peoples...

, earning the nickname Serbian Athens. In that time, almost every Serbian novelist, poet, jurist, and publicist at the end of 19th century and at the beginning of 20th century had lived or worked in Novi Sad some time of his or her career. Among others, these cultural workers include Vuk Stefanović Karadžić
Vuk Stefanovic Karadžic
Vuk Stefanović Karadžić was a Serbian philolog and linguist, the major reformer of the Serbian language, and deserves, perhaps, for his collections of songs, fairy tales, and riddles to be called the father of the study of Serbian folklore. He was the author of the first Serbian dictionary...

, Mika Antić
Mika Antic
Miroslav "Mika" Antić was a Serbian poet, movie director, journalist and painter. Antić was born in Mokrin, Kikinda municipality, Vojvodina, Serbia . He had six children. His oldest son, Igor Antic, is a visual artist.He wrote poems, articles, dramas, movie and TV scripts and documentaries...

, Đura Jakšić, etc. Matica srpska
Matica srpska
The Matica srpska is the oldest cultural-scientific institution of Serbia. Matica srpska was founded in 1826 in Budapest and moved to Novi Sad in 1864....

, the oldest cultural-scientific institution of Serbia, was moved from Budapest
Budapest
Budapest is the capital of Hungary. As the largest city of Hungary, it is the country's principal political, cultural, commercial, industrial, and transportation centre. In 2011, Budapest had 1,733,685 inhabitants, down from its 1989 peak of 2,113,645 due to suburbanization. The Budapest Commuter...

 to Novi Sad in 1864, and contains a library (the Library of Matica srpska) with over 800,000 books. The Serbian National Theatre
Serbian National Theatre
The Serbian National Theatre , located in Novi Sad, is one of the major theatres of Serbia...

, the oldest professional theatre among the South Slavs
South Slavs
The South Slavs are the southern branch of the Slavic peoples and speak South Slavic languages. Geographically, the South Slavs are native to the Balkan peninsula, the southern Pannonian Plain and the eastern Alps...

, was founded in Novi Sad in 1861.

Today, Novi Sad is the second cultural centre in Serbia
Serbia
Serbia , officially the Republic of Serbia , is a landlocked country located at the crossroads of Central and Southeast Europe, covering the southern part of the Carpathian basin and the central part of the Balkans...

 (besides Belgrade
Belgrade
Belgrade is the capital and largest city of Serbia. It is located at the confluence of the Sava and Danube rivers, where the Pannonian Plain meets the Balkans. According to official results of Census 2011, the city has a population of 1,639,121. It is one of the 15 largest cities in Europe...

) and city's officials try to make the city more attractive to numerous cultural events and music concerts. Since 2000, Novi Sad is home to the EXIT festival
EXIT (festival)
Exit is an annual summer music festival in the Petrovaradin Fortress of Novi Sad, Serbia. It is staged annually since 2000 and usually lasts four days ....

, the biggest music summer festival in Serbia and the region; and also the only festival of alternative and new theatre in Serbia. Zmaj Children Games
Zmaj Children Games
Zmaj Children Games is one of the biggest festivals for children in Serbia and the Novi Sad region. Named after Jovan Jovanović Zmaj, one of the most famous Serbian poets and writers of children's literature, the festival is held annually in June and December in Novi Sad, the capital of the...

, International Novi Sad Literature Festival
International Novi Sad Literature Festival
The International Novi Sad Literature Festival was founded by the Association of Writers of Vojvodina in 2006...

, Sterijino pozorje
Sterijino pozorje
Sterijino pozorje is a festival of performances created on the basis of the national drama heritage and today is one of the most important theatre institutions in Serbia....

, Novi Sad Jazz Festival
Novi Sad Jazz Festival
Novi Sad Jazz Festival is an annual jazz festival in Novi Sad, Serbia. It is organized by the Novi Sad Cultural Centre. The festival was first held in 1999 in the Novi Sad Cultural Centre...

, and many others. Besides Serbian National Theatre
Serbian National Theatre
The Serbian National Theatre , located in Novi Sad, is one of the major theatres of Serbia...

, the most prominent theatres are also Youth Theatre
Youth Theatre
Youth Theatre is a theatre in Novi Sad, the capital of Vojvodina in Serbia. Youth Theatre has two stages: the children's stage and the evening stage. Its ensemble consists of sixteen permanent characters....

, Cultural centre of Novi Sad and Novi Sad Theatre
Novi Sad Theatre
The Novi Sad Theatre or in Hungarian Újvidéki Színház is a small Hungarian theatre. It is located in the Rotkvarija neighborhood, near city centre on Jovana Subotića street 3-5, in Novi Sad, the capital of the Serbian province Vojvodina....

. Novi Sad Synagogue
Novi Sad Synagogue
Novi Sad Synagogue is a Jewish synagogue and one of the many cultural institutions in Novi Sad, Serbia. It is located in the capital of Serbian province of Vojvodina...

 also houses many cultural events in the City. Other city's cultural institutions
Cultural institutions
Cultural institutions are elements within a culture/sub-culture that are perceived to be important to, or traditionally valued among, its members for their own identity. Examples of cultural institutions in modern Western society are museums, churches, schools, work and the print media.Television...

 include Offset of the Serbian Academy of Science and Art, Library of Matica Srpska, Novi Sad City Library and Azbukum
Azbukum
Azbukum is a centre for Serbian language and culture founded in 1995. It offers various courses and programs aimed at promoting the language and culture of the Serbs, such as courses in Serbian, Ethno Camps, and Caravans through Serbia...

. City is also home to cultural institutions of Vojvodina: Vojvodina Academy of Science and Art and Archive of Vojvodina, which collect many documents from Vojvodina
Vojvodina
Vojvodina, officially called Autonomous Province of Vojvodina is an autonomous province of Serbia. Its capital and largest city is Novi Sad...

 dating from 1565.

Novi Sad has several folk song societies, (kulturno-umetničko društvo, KUD). The most well known societies in the city are: KUD Svetozar Marković, AKUD Sonja Marinković, SKUD Željeznicar, FA Vila and the oldest SZPD Neven, established in 1900. National minorities expose their own tradition, folklore and songs in Hungarian MKUD Petőfi Sándor, Slovak SKUD Pavel Jozef Šafárik, Rusyn RKPD Novi Sad, and other societies.

Museums


The city has several museums and galleries, public and privately owned. The most well known museum in the city is Museum of Vojvodina
Museum of Vojvodina
The Museum of Vojvodina is an art and natural history museum in Novi Sad, Serbia. The museum houses a collection of over 400,000 specimens and a library of over 50,000 volumes.There are also Europian painters like :*'Madonna with Child', by Paris Bordone...

, founded by Matica srpska
Matica srpska
The Matica srpska is the oldest cultural-scientific institution of Serbia. Matica srpska was founded in 1826 in Budapest and moved to Novi Sad in 1864....

 in 1847, which houses a permanent collection of Serbian culture
Serbian culture
Serbian culture refers to the culture of Serbia and of ethnic Serbs.The Serbian culture starts with that of the South Slavic peoples that lived in the Balkans. Early on, Serbs may have been influenced by the Paleo-Balkan peoples...

 and a life in Vojvodina
Vojvodina
Vojvodina, officially called Autonomous Province of Vojvodina is an autonomous province of Serbia. Its capital and largest city is Novi Sad...

 through history. Museum of Novi Sad in Petrovaradin Fortress
Petrovaradin fortress
Petrovaradin Fortress is a fortress in Novi Sad, Serbia. It is located in the province of Vojvodina, on the right bank of the Danube river. The cornerstone of the present-day southern part of the fortress was laid on October 18, 1692, by Charles Eugène de Croÿ...

 has a permanent collection of history of fortress.

Gallery of Matica Srpska is the biggest and most respected gallery in the city, which has two galleries in the city centre. There is also The Gallery of Fine Arts - Gift Collection of Rajko Mamuzić
The Gallery of Fine Arts - Gift Collection of Rajko Mamuzic
The Gallery of Fine Arts - Gift Collection of Rajko Mamuzić, which represents a modern museum-gallery type of institution, was founded in 1972 and opened to the public in 1974...

 and The Pavle Beljanski Memorial Collection
The Pavle Beljanski Memorial Collection
The Pavle Beljanski Memorial Collection bears the name of its founder and contributor Pavle Beljanski, a great art collector, who donated his collection of paintings, sculptures and tapestries to the Serbian people in November 1957, according to a special contract with the Government of the...

 - one of the biggest collections of Serbian art
Serbian art
Serbian art refers to the art of the Serbs and Serbia.The territory of today's Serbia has been inhabited since pre-historical times. Indeed, Sirmium is one of the oldest settlements in Europe with archaeologists tracing some form of urban life as far back as 5000 BC.The Romans conquered Sirmium in...

 from 1900s until 1970s.

Education



Novi Sad is one of the most important centers of higher education
Higher education
Higher, post-secondary, tertiary, or third level education refers to the stage of learning that occurs at universities, academies, colleges, seminaries, and institutes of technology...

 and research in Serbia, with four universities and numerous professional, technical, and private colleges and research institute
Research institute
A research institute is an establishment endowed for doing research. Research institutes may specialize in basic research or may be oriented to applied research...

s, including a law school with its own publication.

Novi Sad is home to two universities and seven private faculties. The largest educational institution
School
A school is an institution designed for the teaching of students under the direction of teachers. Most countries have systems of formal education, which is commonly compulsory. In these systems, students progress through a series of schools...

 in the city is the University of Novi Sad
University of Novi Sad
The University of Novi Sad is a university located in Novi Sad, the capital of Serbian province of Vojvodina and the second largest city in Serbia....

 with approximately 38,000 students and 2,700 in staff. It was established in 1960 with 9 faculties in Novi Sad of which 7 are situated in modern university campus. There are also Novi Sad Open University
Novi Sad Open University
Novi Sad Open University is a center offering many courses. It is located in Novi Sad, Serbia....

 and Novi Sad Theological College
Novi Sad Theological College
Novi Sad Theological College is a Serbian language theological educational institution in Novi Sad, Serbia. NSTC seeks to equip emerging and current Christian leaders for ministry service in South East Europe, and is the only Protestant/Evangelical theological post-secondary educational...

 in the city.

In Novi Sad there are 36 elementary schools
Primary education
A primary school is an institution in which children receive the first stage of compulsory education known as primary or elementary education. Primary school is the preferred term in the United Kingdom and many Commonwealth Nations, and in most publications of the United Nations Educational,...

 (33 regular and 3 special) with 26,000 students. The secondary school
High school
High school is a term used in parts of the English speaking world to describe institutions which provide all or part of secondary education. The term is often incorporated into the name of such institutions....

 system consists of 11 vocational schools and 4 grammar schools
Gymnasium (school)
A gymnasium is a type of school providing secondary education in some parts of Europe, comparable to English grammar schools or sixth form colleges and U.S. college preparatory high schools. The word γυμνάσιον was used in Ancient Greece, meaning a locality for both physical and intellectual...

 with almost 18,000 students.

Media


Novi Sad has two major daily newspapers, Dnevnik
Dnevnik (Novi Sad)
Dnevnik , lit. Daily news, is a Serbian language daily newspaper, published in Novi Sad, Serbia.The newspaper was founded during Axis occupation in 1942, and its original name was Slobodna Vojvodina...

and Građanski list, both in Serbian. Until 2006, Magyar Szó
Magyar Szó
Magyar Szó is a Hungarian language daily newspaper in Serbia. It was founded in 1944, with the purpose of serving as the information source for the Hungarian minority of Vojvodina. It was published in Novi Sad until 2006, when its staff headquarters relocated to Subotica. Its editor-in-chief is...

, a newspaper in Hungarian, had its headquarters in Novi Sad, but it was moved to Subotica
Subotica
Subotica is a city and municipality in northern Serbia, in the Autonomous Province of Vojvodina...

. The city is home to the main headquarters of the regional public broadcaster
Public broadcasting
Public broadcasting includes radio, television and other electronic media outlets whose primary mission is public service. Public broadcasters receive funding from diverse sources including license fees, individual contributions, public financing and commercial financing.Public broadcasting may be...

 Radio Television of Vojvodina
Radio Television of Vojvodina
Radio Television of Vojvodina is the public broadcaster in the Serbian province of Vojvodina...

 - RTV and city's public broadcaster Apolo, as well as a few commercial TV stations
Television channel
A television channel is a physical or virtual channel over which a television station or television network is distributed. For example, in North America, "channel 2" refers to the broadcast or cable band of 54 to 60 MHz, with carrier frequencies of 55.25 MHz for NTSC analog video and...

, Kanal 9, Panonija and RTV Most. Novi Sad has many local commercial radio
Commercial broadcasting
Commercial broadcasting is the broadcasting of television programs and radio programming by privately owned corporate media, as opposed to state sponsorship...

 stations, dominant being Radio 021 and Radio As.

Novi Sad is also known as a center of publishing. The most prominent publishers are Matica srpska, Stilos, Prometej, Zoran Stojanovic’s publishing house, IP Adresa etc. There few well-known journals in literature and art: Letopis Matice srpske, the oldest Serbian Journal; Polja, issued by Cultural Center of Novi Sad and Zlatna greda, which is issued by the Association of Writers of Vojvodina
Association of Writers of Vojvodina
The Association of Writers of Vojvodina comprises around 490 members who write in all official languages used in Vojvodina. The majority of them write in Serbian, and a significant number in Hungarian.The Association has also about seventy literary translators among its members...

.

Tourism




The number of tourists visiting Novi Sad each year has steadily risen since 2000. Every year, in the beginning of July, during the annual EXIT music festival
EXIT (festival)
Exit is an annual summer music festival in the Petrovaradin Fortress of Novi Sad, Serbia. It is staged annually since 2000 and usually lasts four days ....

, the city is full of young people from all over Europe. In 2005, over 150,000 people visited the festival, which put Novi Sad on the map of summer festivals in Europe. Besides EXIT festival, Novi Sad Fair
Novi Sad Fair
Novi Sad Fair is one of the largest fairs in the region. It's located in Novi Sad, Serbia. It is place of one of the largest agricultural fairs in Europe, which visit approx. 600,000 visitors annually and approx. a million visitors during the whole year on many exhibitions and fairs...

 attract many business people
Businessperson
A businessperson is someone involved in a particular undertaking of activities for the purpose of generating revenue from a combination of human, financial, or physical capital. An entrepreneur is an example of a business person...

 into the city; in May, the city is home to the biggest agricultural show
Agricultural show
An agricultural show is a public event showcasing the equipment, animals, sports and recreation associated with agriculture and animal husbandry. The largest comprise a livestock show , a trade fair, competitions, and entertainment...

 in the region, which 600,000 people visited in 2005. There is also a tourist port near Varadin Bridge
Varadin Bridge
Varadin Bridge is a bridge on the Danube river in Novi Sad, Serbia. The bridge was built in 2000, after the previous bridge at this location was destroyed during NATO bombardment on April 1, 1999....

 in the city centre welcoming various river cruise vessels from across Europe who cruise on Danube river.

The most recognized structure in Novi Sad is Petrovaradin Fortress
Petrovaradin fortress
Petrovaradin Fortress is a fortress in Novi Sad, Serbia. It is located in the province of Vojvodina, on the right bank of the Danube river. The cornerstone of the present-day southern part of the fortress was laid on October 18, 1692, by Charles Eugène de Croÿ...

, which dominates the city and with scenic views of the city. Besides the fortress, there is also historic neighborhood of Stari Grad
Stari Grad, Novi Sad
Stari Grad is a neighborhood of the city of Novi Sad in the Serbian province of Vojvodina. It is the main part of Novi Sad, and it is also known as City Centre...

, with many monuments, museums, caffes, restaurants and shops. There is also a National Park of Fruška Gora
Fruška Gora
Fruška Gora is a mountain in north Syrmia. Most part of the territory is located within Vojvodina, Serbia, but a smaller part on its western side overlaps the territory of Croatia...

 nearby, approx. 20 km from city centre.

Sport



Sports started to develop in 1790 with the foundation of "City Marksmen Association". However, its serious development started after the establishment of the Municipal Association of Physical Culture in 1959 and after 1981, when Spens Sports Center
Spens Sports Center
SPC Vojvodina , commonly referred to as SPENS, is a multi-purpose venue located in Novi Sad, Serbia. It operates under publicly owned company JP "Sportski i poslovni centar Vojvodina", which in addition to SPENS also has "Sajmište Sports Center" under its umbrella...

 was built. Today, about 220 sports organizations are active in Novi Sad. Novi Sad is the second best developed sports city in Serbia (after Belgrade).

The most popular sport in the city is definitely football. There are many football pitch
Pitch (sports)
A pitch is an open outdoor area for various activities. It is used in British and Australian English; the comparable term in American English is field...

es in Novi Sad's neighborhoods, as well as in every town and village in the suburbs. Besides FK Vojvodina
FK Vojvodina
FK Vojvodina is a football club from Novi Sad, Serbia. The club currently competes in the Serbian SuperLiga. FK Vojvodina is the third oldest football club in Serbia's SuperLiga, after OFK Beograd which was founded in 1911 and FK Javor which was founded in 1912.-History:FK Vojvodina was founded...

, which is in the first league
Serbian Superliga
Serbian SuperLiga is a Serbian professional league for football clubs. At the top of the Serbian football league system, it is the country's primary football competition. It is contested by 16 clubs, operating a system of promotion and relegation with the Serbian First League...

, there are many smaller clubs in the national second
Serbian First League
Serbian First League is the name for the second tier in Serbia's football league. The league is operated by the Football Association of Serbia. 18 teams are set to compete in this league for the 2009-10 season...

 and third league
Serbian League
The Serbian Leagues is the third level football league in Serbia. The league is operated by the Football Association of Serbia and is split up into four sections: Srpska Liga Belgrade, Srpska Liga Vojvodina, Srpska Liga East, and Srpska Liga West...

. Most well known are: FK Novi Sad
FK Novi Sad
RFK Novi Sad is a Serbian professional football club based in the city of Novi Sad, Vojvodina. The club currently playing in the Serbian First League.-History:...

, FK Kabel
FK Kabel
FK Kabel is a Serbian football club based in Novi Sad, Serbia....

, FK Mladost
FK Mladost, Novi Sad
FK Mladost is a football club from Novi Sad, Serbia. Its stadium is located in the Satelit neighborhood of Novi Sad....

, FK Slavija Novi Sad
FK Slavija Novi Sad
FK Slavija is a football club based in Novi Sad, Serbia.-History:OFK Slavija was founded in 1926, and is one of the oldest football clubs in town....

, etc.

Citizens of Novi Sad participated in the first Olympic Games
1896 Summer Olympics
The 1896 Summer Olympics, officially known as the Games of the I Olympiad, was a multi-sport event celebrated in Athens, Greece, from April 6 to April 15, 1896. It was the first international Olympic Games held in the Modern era...

 in Athens
Athens
Athens , is the capital and largest city of Greece. Athens dominates the Attica region and is one of the world's oldest cities, as its recorded history spans around 3,400 years. Classical Athens was a powerful city-state...

. The largest number of sportsmen from Novi Sad participated in the Atlanta Olympic Games – 11, and they won 6 medals, while in Moscow
Yugoslavia at the 1980 Summer Olympics
Athletes from the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia competed at the 1980 Summer Olympics in Moscow, USSR.-Medalists:-Archery:In the second time the nation competed in Olympic archery, Yugoslavia again entered only one man...

 – 3, and in Montreal
Yugoslavia at the 1976 Summer Olympics
Athletes from the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia competed at the 1976 Summer Olympics in Montreal, Canada.On July 26, a Croatian nationalist ran onto the field of play during the men's handball match between Yugoslavia and West Germany and burned the Yugoslav flag.-Medalists:-Archery:In...

 and Melbourne
Yugoslavia at the 1956 Summer Olympics
Athletes from the Federal People's Republic of Yugoslavia competed at the 1956 Summer Olympics in Melbourne, Australia.-Medalists:-Athletics:Men's 110m Hurdles*Stanko Lorger* Heat — 14.6s* Semifinals — 14.6s* Final — 14.5s...

 – 2.

Novi Sad was the host of the European and World Championships in table tennis
Table tennis
Table tennis, also known as ping-pong, is a sport in which two or four players hit a lightweight, hollow ball back and forth using table tennis rackets. The game takes place on a hard table divided by a net...

 in 1981, 29th Chess Olympiad
Chess Olympiad
The Chess Olympiad is a biennial chess tournament in which teams from all over the world compete against each other. The event is organised by FIDE, which selects the host nation.-Birth of the Olympiad:The first Olympiad was unofficial...

 in 1990, European and World Championships in sambo
Sambo (martial art)
Sambo is a Russian martial art and combat sport. The word "SAMBO" is an acronym for SAMooborona Bez Oruzhiya, which literally translates as "self-defense without weapons". Sambo is relatively modern since its development began in the early 1920s by the Soviet Red Army to improve their hand to hand...

, Balkan and European Championships in judo
Judo
is a modern martial art and combat sport created in Japan in 1882 by Jigoro Kano. Its most prominent feature is its competitive element, where the object is to either throw or takedown one's opponent to the ground, immobilize or otherwise subdue one's opponent with a grappling maneuver, or force an...

, 1987 final match in the Cup winners cup
Saporta Cup
Saporta Cup was the name of the second-tier level European professional club basketball competition, where the National Cup winners from all over Europe played against each other. The competition was organized by FIBA Europe...

 of European Basketball
Basketball
Basketball is a team sport in which two teams of five players try to score points by throwing or "shooting" a ball through the top of a basketball hoop while following a set of rules...

 and final tournament of the European Cup in volleyball
Volleyball
Volleyball is a team sport in which two teams of six players are separated by a net. Each team tries to score points by grounding a ball on the other team's court under organized rules.The complete rules are extensive...

. Apart from that Novi Sad is the host of the World League in volleyball and traditional sport events such as Novi Sad marathon, international swimming rally and many other events. Between the 16 and 20 September 2005, Novi Sad co-hosted the 2005 European Basketball Championship
Eurobasket 2005
The EuroBasket 2005 was held in Serbia and Montenegro between 16 September and 25 September 2005. Greece won the gold medal by defeating Germany, while France won the bronze medal over Spain...

.
Club Sport Founded League Venue
FK Vojvodina
FK Vojvodina
FK Vojvodina is a football club from Novi Sad, Serbia. The club currently competes in the Serbian SuperLiga. FK Vojvodina is the third oldest football club in Serbia's SuperLiga, after OFK Beograd which was founded in 1911 and FK Javor which was founded in 1912.-History:FK Vojvodina was founded...

Football 1914 Jelen Superliga
Serbian Superliga
Serbian SuperLiga is a Serbian professional league for football clubs. At the top of the Serbian football league system, it is the country's primary football competition. It is contested by 16 clubs, operating a system of promotion and relegation with the Serbian First League...

Karađorđe Stadium
KK Vojvodina
KK Vojvodina
KK Vojvodina Srbijagas is a professional basketball club from Novi Sad, Serbia. The club currently participates in the Basketball League of Serbia...

Basketball
Basketball
Basketball is a team sport in which two teams of five players try to score points by throwing or "shooting" a ball through the top of a basketball hoop while following a set of rules...

2000 Sinalco Superleague
Naša Sinalko Liga
-Champions:* 2006–07 to present: Basketball League of Serbia-Championship winning teams:* Including titles in SFR Yugoslavia, FR Yugoslavia, Serbia and Montenegro and Serbia-Euroleague:-Eurocup:Ex. European Cup Winner's Cup, Saporta Cup...

Spens Sports Center
Spens Sports Center
SPC Vojvodina , commonly referred to as SPENS, is a multi-purpose venue located in Novi Sad, Serbia. It operates under publicly owned company JP "Sportski i poslovni centar Vojvodina", which in addition to SPENS also has "Sajmište Sports Center" under its umbrella...

KK Novi Sad
KK Novi Sad
KK Novi Sad is a defunct basketball club from Novi Sad, Serbia.Before the start of the 2011–12 season, KK Novi Sad merged into KK Vojvodina Srbijagas.-External links:* at Eurobasket.com...

Basketball 1985 Sinalco Superleague Spens Sports Center
OK Vojvodina
NIS Vojvodina Novi Sad
OK NIS Vojvodina is a professional volleyball team based in Novi Sad, Serbia. It plays in the Wiener Städtische League.-Honours and achievements:National Championships - 13*Champion of SFR Yugoslavia :**1987-88, 1988-89...

Volleyball
Volleyball
Volleyball is a team sport in which two teams of six players are separated by a net. Each team tries to score points by grounding a ball on the other team's court under organized rules.The complete rules are extensive...

1946 Serbian volley league
Serbian volley league
The Serbian Volleyball League is the highest level of men's volleyball in Serbia and it is organized by Serbian Volleyball Federation. It often refer as Wiener Städtische Liga, named after the main sponsor of the league, Wiener Städtische...

Spens Sports Center
HK Vojvodina
HK Vojvodina
Hokejaški Klub Vojvodina is an ice hockey club from Novi Sad, Serbia. In its history it has won seven national championships. They play their home games at SPENS, located in Novi Sad...

Hockey
Ice hockey
Ice hockey, often referred to as hockey, is a team sport played on ice, in which skaters use wooden or composite sticks to shoot a hard rubber puck into their opponent's net. The game is played between two teams of six players each. Five members of each team skate up and down the ice trying to take...

1957 Serbian Hockey League
Serbian Hockey League
The Serbian Hockey League is the top league for Ice Hockey in Serbia. There are four teams in it for the 2009-2010 season.-Teams:The total number of teams varies from season to season, as certain clubs can't fill their senior teams due to lack of players or finances...

Spens Sports Center
HK Novi Sad
HK Novi Sad
HK Novi Sad is an ice hockey club from Novi Sad, Serbia. They play their home games at SPENS, located in Novi Sad....

Hockey
Ice hockey
Ice hockey, often referred to as hockey, is a team sport played on ice, in which skaters use wooden or composite sticks to shoot a hard rubber puck into their opponent's net. The game is played between two teams of six players each. Five members of each team skate up and down the ice trying to take...

1998 Serbian Hockey League Spens Sports Center

Hk Vojvodina hosted the first hockey competitions in the region. Founded by visiting Czech students, the team and youth program continues since 1957. During this time HK vojvodina has captured 6 Yugoslavia/Serbia Champions Cup at the senior level. Recently, in March 2009, the club has won the Panonian league, representing the champion of Serbia/Croatia. A terrible fire tore through the Spens Sports Center after the championship win, resulting in the loss of all equipment. The club has used the friendship built between Canadian hockey teams and players. At the Div II World Championships hosted by Hk Vojvodina in NoviSad, 7 players from the club represented Serbia. Serbia won the gold medal and have been promoted to the Division I level for 2010.

Recreation


Apart from the culture of attending sports events, people from Novi Sad participate in a wide range of recreational and leisure activities. Football and basketball
Basketball
Basketball is a team sport in which two teams of five players try to score points by throwing or "shooting" a ball through the top of a basketball hoop while following a set of rules...

 are the most popular participation team sport
Team sport
A team sport includes any sport which involves players working together towards a shared objective. A team sport is an activity in which a group of individuals, on the same team, work together to accomplish an ultimate goal which is usually to win. This can be done in a number of ways such as...

s in Novi Sad. Cycling is also a very popular in Novi Sad. Novi Sad's flat terrain and extensive off-road paths in the mountainous part of town, in Fruška Gora
Fruška Gora
Fruška Gora is a mountain in north Syrmia. Most part of the territory is located within Vojvodina, Serbia, but a smaller part on its western side overlaps the territory of Croatia...

 is conducive to riding. Hundreds of commuters cycle the roads, bike lanes and bike paths
Segregated cycle facilities
Segregated cycle facilities are marked lanes, tracks, shoulders and paths designated for use by cyclists from which motorised traffic is generally excluded...

 daily.

Proximity to the Fruška Gora National Park
Fruška Gora
Fruška Gora is a mountain in north Syrmia. Most part of the territory is located within Vojvodina, Serbia, but a smaller part on its western side overlaps the territory of Croatia...

 attracts many people from the city on weekends in many hiking trails, restaurants and monasteries on the mountain. In the first weekend of May, there is a "Fruška Gora Marathon", with many hiking trails for hikers, runners and cyclists. During the summer, there is Lake of Ledinci
Lake of Ledinci
Lake of Ledinci was a small artificial lake on the mountain of Fruška Gora, near Novi Sad, in the Srem region of the Vojvodina province of Serbia....

 in Fruška Gora, but also there are numerous beaches on the Danube, the largest being Štrand
Štrand
Štrand is a popular beach on the Danube river in Novi Sad, Serbia. It is located near the Freedom Bridge, in the city quarter known as Liman....

 in the Liman neighborhood. There are also a couple of small recreational marinas on the river.

Infrastructure



Novi Sad lies on the branch B of Pan-European Corridor X. E 75 highway
E75 in Serbia
The part of the European route E75 in Serbia spans approximately . It crosses the country from north to south, starting at Horgoš border crossing with Hungary and ending with Preševo border crossing with Republic of Macedonia...

 connects the city with Subotica
Subotica
Subotica is a city and municipality in northern Serbia, in the Autonomous Province of Vojvodina...

 on north and Belgrade on south. It is concurrent with Budapest–Belgrade railroad, which connects it to major European cities. Novi Sad is connected with Zrenjanin
Zrenjanin
Zrenjanin is a city and municipality located in the eastern part of Serbian province of Vojvodina. It is the administrative centre of the Central Banat District of Serbia...

 and Timişoara
Timisoara
Timișoara is the capital city of Timiș County, in western Romania. One of the largest Romanian cities, with an estimated population of 311,586 inhabitants , and considered the informal capital city of the historical region of Banat, Timișoara is the main social, economic and cultural center in the...

 on the northwest and Ruma
Ruma
Ruma is a town and municipality located in Vojvodina, Serbia at . In 2002 the town had a total population of 34,229, while Ruma municipality had a population of 60,006.-History:...

 on south with a motorway; there are long-term plans to upgrade it to a highway, with a tunnel under the Fruška Gora
Fruška Gora
Fruška Gora is a mountain in north Syrmia. Most part of the territory is located within Vojvodina, Serbia, but a smaller part on its western side overlaps the territory of Croatia...

 shortcutting the Iriški Venac mountain pass.

Novi Sad currently does not have its own civil airport. The city is about a one-hour drive from Belgrade Nikola Tesla Airport
Belgrade Nikola Tesla Airport
Belgrade Nikola Tesla Airport is Serbia's busiest airport, also known as Surčin , after a nearby Belgrade district.Named after Nikola Tesla, the airport is situated west, of central Belgrade, in the Municipality of Surčin, surrounded by Syrmia's fertile lowlands...

, which connects it with capitals across Europe. Airports in nearby Timişoara and Osijek
Osijek Airport
Osijek Airport is the airport serving Osijek, Croatia. The airport is located 20 km east southeast of Osijek and is situated near the Osijek - Vukovar regional road, southwest of the eponymous village of Klisa.-Passenger Services:...

 also offer low-cost flights to European destinations. Small Čenej Airport north of the city is used for sport and agricultural purposes. There are plans to upgrade it to serve for cargo and small-scale public transport, but the future of this initiative is uncertain.
Three bridges cross the Danube in Novi Sad: Liberty Bridge (Most Slobode) connects Sremska Kamenica
Sremska Kamenica
Sremska Kamenica is a town and urban neighborhood of Novi Sad, in Serbia.-Name:In Serbian, the town is known as Sremska Kamenica , in Croatian as Srijemska Kamenica, in Hungarian as Kamanc, and in German as Kamenitz.-Geography:The town is located in the Syrmia region, on the northern slopes of the...

 with the city proper. Varadin Bridge
Varadin Bridge
Varadin Bridge is a bridge on the Danube river in Novi Sad, Serbia. The bridge was built in 2000, after the previous bridge at this location was destroyed during NATO bombardment on April 1, 1999....

 (Varadinski most), connects Petrovaradin with city centre, along with the temporary Road-Railway Bridge
Road-Railway Bridge
Road–Railway Bridge is a bridge on the Danube river in Novi Sad, Serbia. The bridge was built in 2000, after the previous bridge at this location was destroyed during NATO bombardment in 1999. The Road–Railway Bridge is temporary and will be removed when the new permanent bridge is built at this...

, used chiefly for railway and heavy truck traffic. Its replacement with new Žeželj Bridge starts in summer 2011. Three bridges span the Danube-Tisa-Danube canal, running north of the city center.

Public transportation


The main public transportation system in Novi Sad consists of bus lines
Bus
A bus is a road vehicle designed to carry passengers. Buses can have a capacity as high as 300 passengers. The most common type of bus is the single-decker bus, with larger loads carried by double-decker buses and articulated buses, and smaller loads carried by midibuses and minibuses; coaches are...

. There are twenty-one urban lines and twenty-nine suburban lines. The operator is JGSP Novi Sad
JGSP Novi Sad
Javno Gradsko Saobraćajno Preduzeće Novi Sad or JGSP NS is Novi Sad's municipal bus operator...

, with its main bus station at the northern end of the Liberation Boulevard
Bulevar
Bulevar is an urban neighborhood of Novi Sad, Serbia. Its name simply means "boulevard" in Serbian. Bulevar is not a traditional city neighborhood; it is rather an informal neighborhood that includes parts of several traditional city quarters that are situated around 3 km long Liberation Boulevard...

, next to the railway station. In addition, there are numerous taxi companies serving the city. The city used to have a tram system
Novi Sad tram system
The Novi Sad tram system was a tram system in Novi Sad, Serbia. It was in operation between September 30, 1911 to some time in 1958.-Origins and Demise:...

, but it was disassembled in 1958.

See also

  • NATO bombing of Novi Sad in 1999
    1999 NATO bombing of Novi Sad
    During the 1999 NATO bombing of Yugoslavia, the second largest Yugoslav city of Novi Sad was one of the cities that bore the brunt of the bombing. According to NATO press releases, the bombing targeted oil refineries, roads, bridges, and telecommunications relay stations, facilities which had...

  • List of places in Serbia
  • List of cities, towns and villages in Vojvodina
  • List of people from Novi Sad
  • Novi Sad Fair
    Novi Sad Fair
    Novi Sad Fair is one of the largest fairs in the region. It's located in Novi Sad, Serbia. It is place of one of the largest agricultural fairs in Europe, which visit approx. 600,000 visitors annually and approx. a million visitors during the whole year on many exhibitions and fairs...


External links