Nezami Mausoleum

Nezami Mausoleum

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The '''Nizami Mausoleum''' ({{lang-az|Nizami məqbərəsi}}), built in honor of the 12th-century poet [[Nizami Ganjavi]], stands just outside the city of [[Ganja (city)|Ganja]], [[Azerbaijan]]. The [[mausoleum]] was originally built in 1947 in place of an old collapsed mausoleum, and rebuilt in its present form in 1991. == History == The tomb of Nizami has been a place of devoted [[pilgrimage]] for many centuries. According to historian [[Vasily Bartold]], the mausoleum was first mentioned in historical chronicles in 1606. The [[Safavid]] court chronicler Iskander Beg Munshi reported that toward the end of February 1606, [[Shah Abbas I]] reached Ganja and camped near the tomb of Sheikh Nizami, where on 24 March he celebrated the holiday of [[Novruz]]. During the [[Russo-Persian War (1826–1828)|Russo-Persian War]] in 1826 a decisive battle between Russian and Persian forces took place near the tomb of Nizami. The Russian forces under the command of General [[Ivan Paskevich]] defeated the Persian army and forced it to retreat. Russian envoy to Persia [[Aleksandr Griboyedov]] mentioned in his diary a conversation with writer and historian [[Abbasgulu Bakikhanov]], a member of the Russian diplomatic mission at the time, in which the latter told him that Elisabethpol battle was near the Nizami tomb. ===Collapse=== According to Bakikhanov, by the 1840s the tomb of Nizami had collapsed, and former [[vezir]] of [[Karabakh khanate]] Mirza Adigozal Bey was rebuilding it. In 1873 [[Shah]] of Persia [[Naser al-Din Shah Qajar|Naser al-Din Qajar]], on the way home from his first tour in Europe, passed by the tomb of Nizami. He mentioned in his diary the tomb of Shaykh Nizami by the side of the road at about half a [[League (unit)|league]] or more from Ganja, and described it as "a very wretched brick building". By the turn of the 20th century, the mausoleum became almost completely ruined. In 1925 the grave of the poet was excavated and his remains exhumed for reburial at the center of Ganja. However, the leadership of Soviet Azerbaijan ordered the reburial of the poet at the same location and the erection of a temporary monument. In 1940, in connection with construction of a new mausoleum, an archaeological investigation revealed the remains of an ancient mausoleum deep under the ground, dating to the 13th century. The remains of an overground structure were a 19th-century restoration. ===Reconstruction=== In 1947 a new mausoleum was constructed from [[limestone]]. Later the Soviet government constructed an [[aluminium]] production plant in the vicinity of the mausoleum. The [[Hazardous waste|hazardous emissions]] from the plant seriously damaged the building, and it collapsed by the late 1980s. The mausoleum was rebuilt in its present form after the Azerbaijan Republic regained its independence following the fall of the [[Soviet Union]] in 1991. ==Building== It is a tall cylindrical building, surrounded by gardens. To one side, there are metal statues commemorating Nizami's [[Epic poetry|epic poems]]. The mausoleum was constructed from solid [[granite]] blocks, delivered from the [[Ukraine]]. Farman Imamguliyev was the architect; the statues were created by sculptor Gorkhmaz Sudjaddinov. ==See also== {{Commons category|Nizami Mausoleum}} * [[Ganja (city)]] * [[Azerbaijan]] * [[List of mausoleums]] {{Coord missing|Azerbaijan}}