Natural gas reserves in Iran

Natural gas reserves in Iran

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[[File:Iran Gas Fields Location-PesareAmol.png|thumb||300px|Iran Gas Fields Location Map]] [[File:IRAN oil&gas production.jpg|thumb|Iran's oil & gas production (1970-2030)]] According to Iran Petroleum Ministry, Iran's proved natural gas reserves are about {{convert|1045.7|e12cuft|abbr=off}} or about 15.8% of world's total reserves, of which 33% are as associated gas and 67% is in non associated gas fields. It has the world's second largest reserves after Russia. As it takes approximately {{convert|5850|cuft|m3}} of gas to equal the energy content of {{convert|1|oilbbl|m3|sing=on}} of oil, Iran's gas reserves represent the equivalent of about {{convert|216|Goilbbl|m3}} of oil. Iran still has huge potential for new significant gas discoveries: areas like Caspian Sea, North East, Central Kavir and especially areas starting from Aghar and Dalan gas fields in [[Fars Province|Fars]] province up to the [[Strait of Hormuz]]{{Citation needed|date=September 2011}} and Central Persian Gulf have considerable amount of undiscovered gas resources. USGS estimates that Iran's undiscovered gas resources could be {{convert|200|-|800|Tcuft}}. According to Exploration Directorate of [[NIOC]], there are about 150 unexplored anticlines in Iran. In January 2008, Iranian Minister of Petroleum Gholam-Hossein Nozari said, "[[NIOC]] has a target of producing one billion cubic meters of gas per day. Iran's ten biggest non-associated gas fields: NEWLINENEWLINENEWLINENEWLINENEWLINENEWLINENEWLINENEWLINENEWLINENEWLINENEWLINENEWLINENEWLINENEWLINENEWLINENEWLINENEWLINENEWLINENEWLINENEWLINENEWLINENEWLINENEWLINENEWLINENEWLINENEWLINENEWLINENEWLINENEWLINENEWLINENEWLINENEWLINENEWLINENEWLINENEWLINENEWLINENEWLINENEWLINENEWLINENEWLINENEWLINENEWLINENEWLINENEWLINENEWLINENEWLINENEWLINE
Iran’s ten biggest Non-Associated Gas Fields.
FieldGas in placeRecoverable reserve
[[South Pars]]{{convert|500|e12cuft|km3|abbr=on}}{{convert|360|e12cuft|km3|abbr=on}}
[[Kish Gas Field|Kish]]{{convert|66|e12cuft|km3|abbr=on}}{{convert|50|e12cuft|km3|abbr=on}}
[[North Pars]]{{convert|60|e12cuft|km3|abbr=on}}{{convert|47|e12cuft|km3|abbr=on}}
[[Golshan Gas Field|Golshan]]{{convert|55|e12cuft|km3|abbr=on}}{{convert|45|e12cuft|km3|abbr=on}} to {{convert|25|e12cuft|km3|abbr=on}}
TabnakNA{{convert|21.2|e12cuft|km3|abbr=on}}
KanganNA{{convert|20.1|e12cuft|km3|abbr=on}}
KhangiranNA{{convert|16.9|e12cuft|km3|abbr=on}}
NarNA{{convert|13|e12cuft|km3|abbr=on}}
AgharNA{{convert|11.6|e12cuft|km3|abbr=on}}
Farsi (B-Structure)NA{{convert|11|e12cuft|km3|abbr=on}} - {{convert|22|e12cuft|km3|abbr=on}}
NEWLINENEWLINE There are also several discovered gas fields in Iran which hold low portion of CH4 and high portion of N2. These gas fields are Kabir Kuh, Milatun, Samand, Holeylan and Ahmadi. The Kabir Kuh gas field located in Lurestan province has {{convert|21|e12cuft|abbr=off}} of gas in place. The field gas consists of N2 64.33%, CH4 33.64%, CO2 2% and He 0.03%. NEWLINENEWLINENEWLINENEWLINENEWLINENEWLINENEWLINENEWLINENEWLINENEWLINENEWLINENEWLINENEWLINENEWLINENEWLINENEWLINENEWLINENEWLINENEWLINENEWLINENEWLINENEWLINENEWLINENEWLINENEWLINENEWLINENEWLINENEWLINENEWLINENEWLINENEWLINENEWLINENEWLINENEWLINENEWLINENEWLINENEWLINENEWLINENEWLINENEWLINENEWLINENEWLINENEWLINENEWLINENEWLINENEWLINENEWLINENEWLINENEWLINENEWLINENEWLINENEWLINENEWLINENEWLINENEWLINENEWLINENEWLINENEWLINENEWLINENEWLINENEWLINENEWLINENEWLINENEWLINENEWLINENEWLINENEWLINENEWLINENEWLINENEWLINENEWLINENEWLINENEWLINENEWLINENEWLINENEWLINENEWLINENEWLINENEWLINENEWLINENEWLINENEWLINENEWLINENEWLINENEWLINENEWLINENEWLINENEWLINENEWLINENEWLINENEWLINENEWLINENEWLINENEWLINENEWLINENEWLINENEWLINENEWLINENEWLINENEWLINENEWLINENEWLINENEWLINENEWLINENEWLINE
NIOC Natural Gas Discoveries Since 1995.
Field's NameGas in PlaceRecoverable Gas Reserve
Trillion cubic feetBillion cubic metersTrillion cubic feetBillion cubic meters
[[Kish Gas Field|Kish]] {{convert|66|cuft|l|disp=table}}{{convert|50|cuft|l|disp=table}}
Tabnak{{convert|30|cuft|l|disp=table}}NA
Forouz {{convert|24.7|cuft|l|disp=table}}NA
Farsi (B-Structure)11-23310-650NA
Halegan{{convert|12.4|cuft|l|disp=table}}{{convert|9|cuft|l|disp=table}}
Ghir (Sefid Zakhur){{convert|11.4|cuft|l|disp=table}}{{convert|8.5|cuft|l|disp=table}}
Yadavaran-Gas Layer{{convert|9.75|cuft|l|disp=table}}NA
Lavan{{convert|9.1|cuft|l|disp=table}}NA
Balal-Dahroum Formation{{convert|8.8|cuft|l|disp=table}}NA
Homa{{convert|7.6|cuft|l|disp=table}}NA
Sefid-Baghon {{convert|6.3|cuft|l|disp=table}}{{convert|4.45|cuft|l|disp=table}}
Marun Gas Layer{{convert|6.2|cuft|l|disp=table}}NA
Gardan{{convert|5.7|cuft|l|disp=table}}NA
Day{{convert|4.4|cuft|l|disp=table}}NA
Binak Gas Layer{{convert|3.5|cuft|l|disp=table}}NA
Karanj Gas Layer{{convert|2.9|cuft|l|disp=table}}NA
BiBi hakime Gas Layer{{convert|2.4|cuft|l|disp=table}}NA
Tous{{convert|2.19|cuft|l|disp=table}}{{convert|1.6|cuft|l|disp=table}}
Zireh{{convert|1|cuft|l|disp=table}}NA
Kuh-e-Asmari(Masjed Soleiman){{convert|1|cuft|l|disp=table}}{{convert|0.739|cuft|l|disp=table}}
Arash{{convert|0.79|cuft|l|disp=table}}NA
Kheyr Abad{{convert|0.17|cuft|l|disp=table}}NA
Total{{convert|227.3|cuft|l|disp=table}}NA
NEWLINENEWLINE [[Iran]]'s proven oil and gas reserves are {{convert|137|Goilbbl|m3}} (10% of world's total) and 41.14 trillion cubic meters (15% of world's total) respectively, which give it a unique status in the global energy supply. Iran also owns 50% of the [[Rhum gasfield|offshore gas field of Rhum]] in the [[North Sea]], which is [[UK|Britain's]] largest untapped gas field. [[Natural gas]] production in Iran will reach 900 million cubic meter/day by 2015.

Development

At present, Iran is producing only a small share of its gas reserves, about {{convert|5.5|e12cuft|abbr=off}} per year. This means that Iran is one of the few countries capable of supplying much larger amounts of natural gas in the future. Iran's overall gas exports in 2009/10 reached a record high of 6.8 billion cubic meters, increasing 44% over the previous year. Iran’s net export of gas in 2010 was 1.57 billion cubic metres. In 2010, Iran’s exports and imports of natural gas were 8.42 and 6.85 billion cubic metres respectively. In 2010, Iran exported 0.4, 0.25, and 7.77 billion cubic metres of gas to Armenia, Azerbaijan and Turkey respectively. In terms of imports, Iran has received 0.35 and 6.5 billion cubic metres from Azerbaijan and Turkmenistan respectively. Iran has approximately 29.6 trillion cubic meters of proven gas reserves which accounts for 16% of the world’s total reserves. This places Iran behind Russia with the second largest gas reserves worldwide. In 2009, Iran’s natural gas production stood at 116 billion cubic metres. In 2010, this number rose to 138.5 billion cubic metres which shows a 19% increase. Most of Iran’s gas is consumed domestically and has been increasing at an average annual rate of 12% for the past 15 years. Iran plans to invest $15 billion a year to expand its annual gas output capacity to {{convert|300|e9m3|abbr=off}} by 2014, from 170 billion in 2009. It will invest $50 billion from 2010 until 2020 on [[LNG]] projects. Iran plans to export 8 million tons of LNG by 2012. The country also aims to increase natural gas exports by fivefold to {{convert|60|e9m3|abbr=off}} a year by 2014. Global gas demand is projected to rise between 2 percent and 3 percent a year for the next 20 to 25 years, with [[India]] and [[China]] the main markets for Iran’s gas exports.

See also

*[[National Iranian Gas Company]] *[[Petroleum industry in Iran]] *[[Energy in Iran]] *[[International rankings of Iran#Energy|International rankings of Iran in Energy]] *[[World Largest Gas Fields]] *[[South Pars Gas Field]] *[[North Pars]] *[[Kish Gas Field]] *[[Golshan Gas Field]] *[[Ferdowsi Gas Field]] *[[Persian LNG]] *[[Iran Gas Trunkline (IGAT)]]

External links

*[http://www.payvand.com/news/08/oct/1171.html Methodology in estimating the size of oil and gas fields] *[http://www.oilgas.ir Iran Oil & Gas Directory - oilgas.ir]