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is a form of 19th century Hungarian popular song
Hungary has made many contributions to the fields of folk, popular and classical music. Hungarian folk music is a prominent part of the national identity and continues to play a major part in Hungarian music...
. It is one of a number of styles collectively referred to as cigányzene
, which literally means Gipsy music
but is used to refer to a number of styles of Hungarian folk music
Hungarian folk music includes a broad array of styles, including the recruitment dance verbunkos, the csárdás and nóta.During the 20th century, Hungarian composers were influenced by the traditional music of their nation which may be considered as a repeat of the early "nationalist" movement of the...
that are played in a typical Gipsy musical style. Nóta includes a variety of tempi, from uptempo friss csárdás
Csárdás is a traditional Hungarian folk dance, the name derived from csárda . It originated in Hungary and was popularized by Roma music bands in Hungary and neighboring lands of Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Burgenland, Croatia, Ukraine, Transylvania and Moravia, as well as among the Banat...
via a medium time "Palotas" to slow dramatic tempo rubato
Tempo rubato is a musical term referring to expressive and rhythmic freedom by a slight speeding up and then slowing down of the tempo of a piece at the discretion of the soloist or the conductor...
- "Zigeunermusik" (Ciganyzene) by Balint Barosi, Budapest, 1971. (A classical on Gypsy music; available in Hungarian, German and English.)