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Mustamäe

Mustamäe

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Mustamäe is one of the 8 administrative districts of Tallinn
Tallinn
Tallinn is the capital and largest city of Estonia. It occupies an area of with a population of 414,940. It is situated on the northern coast of the country, on the banks of the Gulf of Finland, south of Helsinki, east of Stockholm and west of Saint Petersburg. Tallinn's Old Town is in the list...

, the capital of Estonia
Estonia
Estonia , officially the Republic of Estonia , is a state in the Baltic region of Northern Europe. It is bordered to the north by the Gulf of Finland, to the west by the Baltic Sea, to the south by Latvia , and to the east by Lake Peipsi and the Russian Federation . Across the Baltic Sea lies...

. The smallest by area (it covers only 8.1 km²), it is at the same time the second largest district by population with 64,450 inhabitants (as of 1 June 2010).
It is located 5 km from the centre of Tallinn and is bordered by districts Haabersti
Haabersti
Haabersti is one of the 8 administrative districts of Tallinn, the capital of Estonia.It has a population of 41,388 .The most populous part of the district is Väike-Õismäe, a residential area consisting of the big panel houses, which were mostly built in the seventies...

, Nõmme
Nõmme
Nõmme is one of the 8 administrative districts of Tallinn, the capital of Estonia. It has a population of 38,168 and covers an area of , population density is...

, and Kristiine
Kristiine
Kristiine is one of the 8 administrative districts of Tallinn, the capital of Estonia. It has a population of 29,686 .*Demographic info: Estonians 63%, Russians 24%, Ukrainians 2,3%, Belarusians 1,4%, Finns 0,5%, others 8,8%....

. Local housing is mostly represented by 5-9 stories high panel blocks of flats, built in the 1960–1970s. Mustamäe is usually referred to as a bedroom community.

Geography


Mustamäe covers 8.1 km² and is located 5km from the center of Tallinn.
Mustamäe is bordered by the streets Tuuliku, Kadaka tee, Tildri, Siili, Nõmme tee, Retke tee, Ehitajate tee, Üliõpilaste tee, Raja, Soone, Lossi, Mäepealse, Kadaka puiestee, Järveotsa tee. Mustamäe is bordered by Nõmme hill (part of the Baltic Klint
Baltic Klint
The Baltic Klint is an erosional limestone escarpment on several islands of the Baltic Sea, in Estonia and in Leningrad Oblast of Russia...

) in the south and Tallinn Zoo
Tallinn Zoo
Tallinn Zoo is a zoo in Tallinn, Estonia that was founded in 1939. It is the only zoo in Estonia, and as of 2008 it housed 7158 animals representing 619 species.-History:...

 in northwest.

Mustamäe is divided into 4 subdistricts :
  • Kadaka
    Kadaka, Tallinn
    Kadaka is a subdistrict in the district of Mustamäe, Tallinn, the capital of Estonia. It has a population of 1,918 .-References:...

  • Mustamäe
    Mustamäe (subdistrict)
    Mustamäe is a subdistrict in the district of Mustamäe, Tallinn, the capital of Estonia. It has a population of 50,030 .-References:...

  • Siili
    Siili
    Siili is a subdistrict in the district of Mustamäe, Tallinn, the capital of Estonia. It has a population of 3,717 .-References:...

  • Sääse
    Sääse, Tallinn
    Sääse is a subdistrict in the district of Mustamäe, Tallinn, the capital of Estonia. It has a population of 8,674 .-References:...


History



Established in 1962 and completed in 1973 as a microdistrict
Microdistrict
Microdistrict, or microraion , is a residential complex—a primary structural element of the residential area construction in the Soviet Union and in some post-Soviet and former Communist states...

, Mustamäe was Tallinn's first large district.
Similar districts, Õismäe
Õismäe
Õismäe is a subdistrict in the district of Haabersti, Tallinn, the capital of Estonia. It has a population of 852 .-References:...

 and Lasnamäe
Lasnamäe
Lasnamäe is the most populous administrative district of Tallinn, the capital of Estonia. The districts' population is about 115,000, the majority of which is Russian-speaking. Local housing is mostly represented by 5-16 stories high panel blocks of flats, built in the 1970-1990s. Lasnamäe is...

 were completed later.

Landmarks and institutions

  • Tallinn Bus Company
  • Tallinn University of Technology
    Tallinn University of Technology
    Tallinn University of Technology is the only university of technology in Estonia, and one of the three most important institutions of higher education in Estonia generally. It is located in the capital city of Tallinn, Estonia...

  • Mustamäe Regional Hospital
  • "Tehnopol" Technology Park including the headquarters of Skype
    Skype
    Skype is a software application that allows users to make voice and video calls and chat over the Internet. Calls to other users within the Skype service are free, while calls to both traditional landline telephones and mobile phones can be made for a fee using a debit-based user account system...

  • Center of culture "Kaja"
  • Conference center "Sütiste maja"
  • Mustamäe Boiler Plant with a 125-meter chimney
  • Männi Park
  • Shopping center "Mustamäe Kaubanduskeskus"
  • Shopping center "Magistral"
  • Marketplace "Szolnoki turg" (named after the bus stop
    Bus stop
    A bus stop is a designated place where buses stop for passengers to board or leave a bus. These are normally positioned on the highway and are distinct from off-highway facilities such as bus stations. The construction of bus stops tends to reflect the level of usage...

     "Szolnok", which in turn is named after the town Szolnok
    Szolnok
    Szolnok is the county seat of Jász-Nagykun-Szolnok county in central Hungary. Its location on the banks of the Tisza river, at the heart of the Great Hungarian Plain, has made it an important cultural and economic crossroads for centuries....

     in Hungary)
  • Headquarters of Eesti Energia
    Eesti Energia
    Eesti Energia AS is a state-owned energy company in Estonia with its headquarters in Tallinn. The company operates in Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Finland and Jordan. In Estonia the company operates under the name Eesti Energia, while using the brand name Enefit for international operations...

  • Tiit Soku Korvpallikool (Tiit Sokk
    Tiit Sokk
    Tiit Sokk is a retired Estonian professional basketball player who played mostly at the point guard position....

     Basketball School)
  • Restaurant "Izmir" (former restaurant "Szolnok")
  • Nightclub "Aspirin"
  • Sculpture "Mõtlik mees" (Thoughtful man) by Tauno Kangro

Schools



Transportation



Mustamäe is connected to the rest of Tallinn via three main streets:
Mustamäe tee and Sõpruse puiestee lead to the centre of Tallinn, and Ehitajate tee crosses Mustamäe while connecting Nõmme and Õismäe. Other major streets include: A. H. Tammsaare tee, Kadaka tee, Ed. Vilde tee, and Akadeemia tee. Most of the public transportation operates on these streets. Mustamäe is serviced by buses and trolleybus
Trolleybus
A trolleybus is an electric bus that draws its electricity from overhead wires using spring-loaded trolley poles. Two wires and poles are required to complete the electrical circuit...

es. Out the 8 trolleybus lines
of Tallinn, 6 operate (partly) in Mustamäe.

Government


List of District Elders of Mustamäe:
Years Name Party
1993 Ain Lillepalu
1993–1999 Jevgeni Tomberg United People's Party
Constitution Party (Estonia)
The Constitution Party , known until 11 February 2006 as the Estonian United People's Party , was a political party in Estonia, mainly supported by the Russian minority.The party held 6 seats in the Riigikogu from 1999 to 2003...

1999 Vladimir Ivanov United People's Party
1999–2000 Pavel Starostin United People's Party
2000–2001 Voldemar Trumm United People's Party
2001–2004 Helle Kalda Centre Party
Estonian Centre Party
The Estonian Centre Party is a centrist, social liberal party in Estonia. Keskerakond is a member of the European Liberal Democrat and Reform Party. It has the largest membership of an Estonian party, with over 12 000 members....

2004 Aivar Riisalu Centre Party
2004–2005 Mario Sootna People's Union
People's Union of Estonia
The People's Union of Estonia is a political party in Estonia, currently led by Margo Miljand.In the 2003 parliamentary election, the party collected 64,463 votes, which made 13.0% share of all votes and 13 mandates out of 101. In 2007's election, this dropped to 39,211 votes , and six seats in...

2005–2009 Kalle Mihkels Centre Party
Estonian Centre Party
The Estonian Centre Party is a centrist, social liberal party in Estonia. Keskerakond is a member of the European Liberal Democrat and Reform Party. It has the largest membership of an Estonian party, with over 12 000 members....

2009–2010 Lauri Laats Social Democrats
Social Democratic Party (Estonia)
The Social Democratic Party is a social-democratic party in Estonia, led by Sven Mikser. It has been a member of the Party of European Socialists since 16 May 2003 and a member of the Socialist International since November 1990....


Cultural significance


Books:
  • "The Autumn Ball: Scenes of City Life" (1979) by Mati Unt
    Mati Unt
    Mati Unt was an Estonian writer, essayist and theatre director....

     (translated from Estonian by Mart Aru)
  • "Mustamäe armastus" (1978) by Arvo Valton
    Arvo Valton
    Arvo Vallikivi , commonly known under the pen name of Arvo Valton, is an Estonian writer known for a number of books and, among other things, the script for Viimne reliikvia, the highly successful movie adaptation of Eduard Bornhöhe's Vürst Gabriel ehk Pirita kloostri viimsed päevad...



Songs:
  • "Mustamäe valss" (Mustamäe Walz), composed by Avo Tamme; lyrics by Heldur Karmo
  • "Kus on mu kodu"' (Where is my home?), by Agent M
    Agent M (band)
    Agent M is an Estonian alternative rock group with new wave and post-punk influences. Their songs are sung in Estonian and English.Agent M started as a studio project of guitarist Marten Vill and a female singer Merili Varik in late 2004...


External links