The Mosque of Rome
The Mosque of Rome
' onMouseout='HidePop("59923")' href="http://www.absoluteastronomy.com/topics/Baitul_Futuh">Baitul Futuh
The Baitul Futuh Mosque in London has been deemed the second largest mosque complex in Western Europe, behind the Mosque of Rome. Completed in 2003 at a cost of approximately £5.5 million, entirely from donations of the Ahmadiyya Muslim Community, the mosque covers an area of and the full complex...
Mosque, London to be larger.
It is located in the Acqua Acetosa area, at the foot of the Monti Parioli
Parioli is a neighbourhood in the north of Rome, Italy. The name comes from Monti Parioli, a series of tufa hills, and was given to the area before its incorporation into the city proper at the beginning of the 20th century...
, north of the city
Rome is the capital of Italy and the country's largest and most populated city and comune, with over 2.7 million residents in . The city is located in the central-western portion of the Italian Peninsula, on the Tiber River within the Lazio region of Italy.Rome's history spans two and a half...
. As well as being the city's mosque
A mosque is a place of worship for followers of Islam. The word is likely to have entered the English language through French , from Portuguese , from Spanish , and from Berber , ultimately originating in — . The Arabic word masjid literally means a place of prostration...
it is the seat of the Centro Culturale Islamico d'Italia
(the Italian Islamic Cultural Centre).
In addition to being a meeting place for religious activities, it provides cultural and social services variously connecting Shia and Sunni Muslims. It also holds wedding ceremonies, funeral services, exegesis, conventions, and other related events.
The mosque was jointly founded by the exiled Prince Muhammad Hasan
Muhammad Hasan was a Prince in the Afghanistani House of Barakzai.-Biography:Prince Hasan born in 1902 and was the third son of General HRH Sardar Muhammad 'Umar Khan and his fourth wife, Bibi Daulat....
of Afghanistan and his wife, Princess Razia Begum and was financed by Faisal of Saudi Arabia
Faisal bin Abdul-Aziz Al Saud was King of Saudi Arabia from 1964 to 1975. As king, he is credited with rescuing the country's finances and implementing a policy of modernization and reform, while his main foreign policy themes were pan-Islamic Nationalism, anti-Communism, and pro-Palestinian...
, head of the Saudi royal family, as well as Custodian of the Two Holy Mosques
Custodian of the Two Holy Mosques , a historical term, was a pious title taken by the Ayyubids, the Mamluk Sultans of Egypt, and the Ottoman Sultans; it has been revived by modern Saudi kings.-Saudi monarchy:...
. The project was designed and directed by Paolo Portoghesi
Paolo Portoghesi is an Italian architect, theorist, historian and professor of architecture at the University La Sapienza in Rome...
, Vittorio Gigliotti and Sami Mousawi.
Its construction took more than ten years: the Roman City Council donated the land in 1974, but the first stone was not laid for another ten years, in 1984 (1405 AH
The Hijri calendar , also known as the Muslim calendar or Islamic calendar , is a lunar calendar consisting of 12 lunar months in a year of 354 or 355 days. It is used to date events in many Muslim countries , and used by Muslims everywhere to determine the proper day on which to celebrate Islamic...
), in the presence of then President of the Italian Republic Sandro Pertini
, with its inauguration on June 21, 1995.
The structure is well integrated in the surrounding green area, from which it emerges without contrast, perfectly matching the mix between modern structural design and omnipresent curves (the large one knows it of prayer recalls a forest undoubtedly - or an oasis, with its columns to three steles),use of the light in order to create a meditative climate, and use of materials that generate colours typically roman, like travertino and cotto
Cotto is a common name amongst those of Spanish, Portuguese, Italian, or French ancestry. It is also had by many Sephardic Jews, with most of their ancestors originating from Italy.*Antonio Correa Cotto, Puerto Rican outlaw...
. Decorative, and discreet apparatus in the amplitude of the space that contains, is constituted from invetriate of light colors. The repeated Koranic topic is "Allah-u akbar".
The current Imam of the mosque is the Egyptian Ala' al-Din Muhammad Isma'il al-Ghobashi; Abd Allah Ridwan is in charge of the Cultural Center, to which the management of the complex is entrusted. Former Imams include:
- 1983–1993: Muhammad Nur al-Din Isma'il
- 1993–2006: Mahmud Hammad Shwayta