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Moscow Philharmonic Orchestra

Moscow Philharmonic Orchestra

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Encyclopedia
The Moscow Philharmonic Orchestra is an orchestra
Orchestra
An orchestra is a sizable instrumental ensemble that contains sections of string, brass, woodwind, and percussion instruments. The term orchestra derives from the Greek ορχήστρα, the name for the area in front of an ancient Greek stage reserved for the Greek chorus...

 based in Moscow
Moscow
Moscow is the capital, the most populous city, and the most populous federal subject of Russia. The city is a major political, economic, cultural, scientific, religious, financial, educational, and transportation centre of Russia and the continent...

, Russia
Russia
Russia or , officially known as both Russia and the Russian Federation , is a country in northern Eurasia. It is a federal semi-presidential republic, comprising 83 federal subjects...

. It was founded in 1951 by Samuil Samosud
Samuil Samosud
Samuil Abramovich Samosud |Georgia]], — Moscow, 6 November 1964) was a Russian conductor. He started his musical career on the cello, before conducting in the Mariinsky Theater, Petrograd in 1917. From 1918 to 1936 he conducted at the Maly Operny, Leningrad. In 1936 he became musical...

, as the Moscow Youth Orchestra for young and inexperienced musicians, acquiring its current name in 1953. It is most associated with longtime conductor Kiril Kondrashin
Kiril Kondrashin
Kirill Petrovich Kondrashin , was a Russian conductor.-Early life:...

 under whom it premiered Shostakovich
Dmitri Shostakovich
Dmitri Dmitriyevich Shostakovich was a Soviet Russian composer and one of the most celebrated composers of the 20th century....

's Fourth
Symphony No. 4 (Shostakovich)
Dmitri Shostakovich composed his Symphony No. 4 in C minor, Opus 43, between September 1935 and May 1936, after abandoning some preliminary sketch material...

 and Thirteenth
Symphony No. 13 (Shostakovich)
The Symphony No. 13 in B flat minor by Dmitri Shostakovich was first performed in Moscow on 18 December, 1962 by the Moscow Philharmonic Orchestra and the basses of the Republican State and Gnessin Institute Choirs, under Kirill Kondrashin . The soloist was Vitali Gromadsky...

 symphonies as well as other works.

The Orchestra undertook a major tour of Japan with Kondrashin in April 1967 and CDs of the Japanese radio recordings have been made available on the Altus label.

Music directors

  • Yuri Simonov
    Yuri Simonov
    Yuri Ivanovich Simonov is a Russian conductor.He studied at the Leningrad Conservatory under Nikolai Rabinovich. He is currently director of the Moscow Philharmonic Orchestra.-Selected recordings:...

     (1998–)
  • Mark Ermler
    Mark Ermler
    Mark Fridrikhovich Ermler was a Russian conductor.-Biography:Mark Ermler was born in Leningrad in 1932. His parents were Vera Bakun, a film set designer, and Friedrich Ermler, a film director. He began to study piano at age 5....

     (1996–1998)
  • Vassily Sinaisky
    Vassily Sinaisky
    Vassily Serafimovich Sinaisky is a Russian conductor and pianist. He studied conducting with Ilya Musin at the Leningrad Conservatory and began his career as Assistant to Kirill Kondrashin at the Moscow Philharmonic Orchestra...

     (1991–1996)
  • Dmitri Kitaenko (1976–1990)
  • Kirill Kondrashin (1960–1975)
  • Samuil Samosud
    Samuil Samosud
    Samuil Abramovich Samosud |Georgia]], — Moscow, 6 November 1964) was a Russian conductor. He started his musical career on the cello, before conducting in the Mariinsky Theater, Petrograd in 1917. From 1918 to 1936 he conducted at the Maly Operny, Leningrad. In 1936 he became musical...

    (1951–1957)

Discography


A TO Z OF CONDUCTORS Naxos Educational 8.558087-90 Ballet, Orchestral, Choral - Sacred MYASKOVSKY: Symphonies Nos. 24 and 25 Naxos 8.555376 Orchestral

PAVLOVA: Monolog / The Old New York Nostalgia / Sulamith (Suite) Naxos 8.557674 Orchestral

SHOSTAKOVICH: Symphony No. 7, "Leningrad" BIS BIS-CD-515 Orchestral

TISHCHENKO: Symphony No. 7, Op. 119 Naxos 8.557013 Orchestral

XENAKIS: DOX-ORKH / MIRA FORNES: Desde Tan Tien BIS BIS-CD-772 Concertos, Orchestral

External links