is a town
A town is a human settlement larger than a village but smaller than a city. The size a settlement must be in order to be called a "town" varies considerably in different parts of the world, so that, for example, many American "small towns" seem to British people to be no more than villages, while...
in Hamilton County
Hamilton County is a county located in the U.S. state of New York. It is named after Alexander Hamilton, the only member of the New York State delegation who signed the United States Constitution in 1787 and later the first United States Secretary of the Treasury. Its county seat is Lake Pleasant...
, New York
New York is a state in the Northeastern region of the United States. It is the nation's third most populous state. New York is bordered by New Jersey and Pennsylvania to the south, and by Connecticut, Massachusetts and Vermont to the east...
, United States
The United States of America is a federal constitutional republic comprising fifty states and a federal district...
. The population was 151 at the 2000 census. The name is that of an early settler, Andrew Morehouse.
The Town of Morehouse
is in the Adirondack Park. The town is in the southwestern corner of the county and is north of Utica
Utica is a city in and the county seat of Oneida County, New York, United States. The population was 62,235 at the 2010 census, an increase of 2.6% from the 2000 census....
Morehouse was formed from part of the Town of Lake Pleasant
Lake Pleasant is a town in Hamilton County, New York, United States. The population was 876 at the 2000 census. It contains the county seat of Hamilton County, which is also called Lake Pleasant....
in 1835. Part of the town was later taken and added to the Town of Long Lake
Long Lake is a town in Hamilton County, New York in the United States. The population was 852 at the 2000 census. The town is named for long Long Lake beside which it sits. The town is entirely within the Adirondack Park and is the most northerly town in the county. It is a summer tourism...
. An additional part of Morehouse was taken for Long Lake in 1861. In 1901, the Town of Inlet
Inlet is a town in Hamilton County, New York in the United States of America. The population was 406 at the 2000 census. The name is derived from its location on an adjacent lake.The Town of Inlet is on the western edge of the county.- History :...
was formed from the northern end of the town.
The town is notable for many failed attempts to develop it economically. Ultimately, those parts of the original town only became important after separation from Morehouse.
One of the most newsworthy events to occur in town was the crash landing of an American Airways Curtis Condor in December 1934 and daring rescue of the crew by locals on snowshoes in the southern end of town.
According to the United States Census Bureau
The United States Census Bureau is the government agency that is responsible for the United States Census. It also gathers other national demographic and economic data...
, the town has a total area of 194.7 square miles (504.3 km²), of which, 191.1 square miles (494.9 km²) of it is land and 3.6 square miles (9.3 km²) of it (1.86%) is water.
The western and southern town lines of Morehouse are the border of Herkimer County
Herkimer County is a county located in the U.S. state of New York. It was created in 1791 north of the Mohawk River out of part of Montgomery County. As of the 2010 census, the population was 64,519. It is named after General Nicholas Herkimer, who died from battle wounds in 1777 after taking part...
The West Canada Creek
West Canada Creek is a river in upstate New York, USA. West Canada Creek drains the south part of the Adirondack Mountains and empties into the Mohawk River near the Village of Herkimer...
flows out the west town line, and other tributaries of that stream flow through the town. The Moose River marks the north town line.
New York State Route 8
New York State Route 8 is a state highway in the central part of New York in the United States. It runs in a southwest-to-northeast direction from the Southern Tier to the northern part of Lake George. The southern terminus of the route is at an interchange with NY 17 in the town of...
, an east-west highway, is the only significant road in Hoffmeister.
As of the census
A census is the procedure of systematically acquiring and recording information about the members of a given population. It is a regularly occurring and official count of a particular population. The term is used mostly in connection with national population and housing censuses; other common...
of 2000, there were 151 people, 65 households, and 46 families residing in the town. The population density
Population density is a measurement of population per unit area or unit volume. It is frequently applied to living organisms, and particularly to humans...
was 0.8 people per square mile (0.3/km²). There were 293 housing units at an average density of 1.5 per square mile (0.6/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 97.35% White, 1.32% Native American, 1.32% from other races
Race and ethnicity in the United States Census, as defined by the Federal Office of Management and Budget and the United States Census Bureau, are self-identification data items in which residents choose the race or races with which they most closely identify, and indicate whether or not they are...
. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.32% of the population.
There were 65 households out of which 18.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 66.2% were married couples
Marriage is a social union or legal contract between people that creates kinship. It is an institution in which interpersonal relationships, usually intimate and sexual, are acknowledged in a variety of ways, depending on the culture or subculture in which it is found...
living together, 3.1% had a female householder with no husband present, and 27.7% were non-families. 20.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 6.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.32 and the average family size was 2.57.
In the town the population was spread out with 17.9% under the age of 18, 2.0% from 18 to 24, 23.2% from 25 to 44, 37.1% from 45 to 64, and 19.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 50 years. For every 100 females there were 125.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 129.6 males.
The median income for a household in the town was $25,417, and the median income for a family was $27,500. Males had a median income of $21,750 versus $15,000 for females. The per capita income
Per capita income or income per person is a measure of mean income within an economic aggregate, such as a country or city. It is calculated by taking a measure of all sources of income in the aggregate and dividing it by the total population...
for the town was $12,864. There were 4.2% of families and 7.3% of the population living below the poverty line, including no under eighteens and 6.3% of those over 64.
- Hoffmeister – A hamlet on NY-8 east of Morehouse, named after an early settler. This community is little more than a thin scattering of houses.
- Morehouseville – A hamlet, also called "Morehouse" and previously known as "Bethunville," is on NY-8 east of the county line. This is the principal community in the town.
- Mountain Home – A location north of Hoffmeister on Mountain Home Road.
- Beaver Lake – A lake by the north town line.
- The Floe – An artificial lake between Mountain Home and Hoffmeister, on the South Branch of West Canada Creek.
- Fort Noble Mountain – An elevation at the west town line, northwest of Morehouseville (Altitude: 2310 feet, 704.09 meters).
- Indian Lake – A Lake in the northern par of Morehouse, south of Squaw Lake.
- Jerseyfield Lake – A lake at the south town line.
- Moose River—A river marking the north town line.
- Morehouse Lake – A small lake
A lake is a body of relatively still fresh or salt water of considerable size, localized in a basin, that is surrounded by land. Lakes are inland and not part of the ocean and therefore are distinct from lagoons, and are larger and deeper than ponds. Lakes can be contrasted with rivers or streams,...
south of Morehouse Mountain.
- Morehouse Mountain – A mountain
Image:Himalaya_annotated.jpg|thumb|right|The Himalayan mountain range with Mount Everestrect 58 14 160 49 Chomo Lonzorect 200 28 335 52 Makalurect 378 24 566 45 Mount Everestrect 188 581 920 656 Tibetan Plateaurect 250 406 340 427 Rong River...
near the east town line, south of NY-8.
- Pine Lake – A lake by the east town line, northeast of Hoffmeister.
- Squaw Lake – A lake in the northern part of the town, south of Beaver Lake.
- South Branch West Canada Creek – A small river flowing west, north of NY-8.
- Wilmurt Lake – A lake north of NY-8.