On the other hand, temperatures during late spring and summer can have bouts of extreme heat, with evenings above 40°C (104°F) for many consecutive days. In recent decades the hottest records have climbed as high as 43°C (111°F) on July 13, 2005 and 45°C (113°F) on May 4, 1984. However nighttime low temperatures are typically 15 degrees cooler than daytime highs, due to the very arid conditions. Even in July, the warmest month, temperatures have gotten as low as 10.6°C (51°F) in 1975.
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On the other hand, temperatures during late spring and summer can have bouts of extreme heat, with evenings above 40°C (104°F) for many consecutive days. In recent decades the hottest records have climbed as high as 43°C (111°F) on July 13, 2005 and 45°C (113°F) on May 4, 1984. However nighttime low temperatures are typically 15 degrees cooler than daytime highs, due to the very arid conditions. Even in July, the warmest month, temperatures have gotten as low as 10.6°C (51°F) in 1975. The median temperature July is 28.6°C (82°F). A typical summer day has a low around 21°C (70°F) and a high near 35°C (95°F).
In 1976 the wettest month on record took place in July, with 287.3 mm of rain, more than half the median yearly value of 411.3 mm; however the average wettest month is September with 74 mm. The warmer months of the year are typically wetter than the cooler ones. Cold fronts in winter have the possibility of drastically reducing temperatures in the area, and are responsible for the little rainfall of such period. Even snowfall has occurred in Monclova some winters, although most years it is a phenomenon reserved only to the nearby mountains. Precipitation occurs an average of 47 days, out of which 6 will be thunderstorms and at least one day with hail.
The city accounts for the highest production of steel in Mexico, hence its nickname The Steel Capital (La Capital del Acero, in Spanish). In 1942 the steel factory Altos Hornos de Mexico
Altos Hornos de México , is the largest steel mining corporation in Mexico with installed capacity of 4.2 million metric tons of liquid steel.-History:AHMSA was founded in Mexico by American Harold R. Pape in 1942...
was founded, accelerating the industrial development of Monclova.
Buildings and monuments
- The Santiago Apostol Parish Church - Construction of this building began in the second half of the eighteenth century. Its façade consists of carved cantera stone.
- The San Francisco de Asis Parish Church - St. Francis of Assisi Church, seventeenth century.
- Ermita de Zapopan Church - Due to damage caused during the revolution and to conserve original details like its bells and walls, restoration was carried out at the beginning of the nineteenth century.
- El Polvorin (The Powder Magazine) - Museum with collections of anthropology, biology, sociology, watercolor art, geology, mathematics, communications, archery, guns, other weapons, and Mexican sexual culture.
- Pape Museum Library - For 28 years, this cultural and recreational center, promoted by the Pape Foundation, has given seasonal expositions of artistic works. Its permanent exhibit chronologically illustrates the life and work of the couple Harold and Lou Pape. It also has an auditorium for 300 people where plays and musical concerts are performed. Next to the museum is the Harold R. Pape Library.
- Meteorological Observatory - The observatory is the largest in the state with a 16-inch opening. Controlled by a computer, it integrates a highly sophisticated video system that projects live images of the sun, the moon, and the planets onto a black and white screen. This observatory was constructed by the government to educate the people about the difference between astronomy
Astronomy is a natural science that deals with the study of celestial objects and phenomena that originate outside the atmosphere of Earth...
Astrology consists of a number of belief systems which hold that there is a relationship between astronomical phenomena and events in the human world...
Parks and gardens
- Xochipilli Park I and II - More than 20 hectares (49 acres) intended for relaxation and recreational activities form this original concept from the Papes. Its complete facilities include large sports and cultural spaces surrounded by green areas, lakes, rivers, fountains, and waterfalls.
- The Main Square
- The Zoo
Notable People from Monclova
- Mario García Torres, visual artist.
- Joakim Soria
Joakim Agustín Soria Ramos is a Mexican right-handed baseball relief pitcher for the Kansas City Royals of Major League Baseball...
, relief pitcher for the Kansas City Royals
The Kansas City Royals are a Major League Baseball team based in Kansas City, Missouri. The Royals are a member of the Central Division of Major League Baseball's American League. From 1973 to the present, the Royals have played in Kauffman Stadium...
- Susana Zabaleta
Susana Zabaleta Ramos is a Mexican singer and actress.-Early life:Born in Monclova, Coahuila, she moved to Mexico City in 1985. In 1986 she performed in the Sala Ollín Yoliztli and interpreted opera performances, such as La Traviata, Dido and Aeneas and Eneas...
, actress, opera singer and judge on Televisa
Televisa is a Mexican multimedia conglomerate, the largest mass media company in Latin America and in the Spanish-speaking world. It is a major international entertainment business, with much of its programming airing in the United States on Univision, with which it has an exclusive contract...
External links Official webpage Municipal information on Coahuila state website