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is the process of manufacturing
Manufacturing is the use of machines, tools and labor to produce goods for use or sale. The term may refer to a range of human activity, from handicraft to high tech, but is most commonly applied to industrial production, in which raw materials are transformed into finished goods on a large scale...
by shaping pliable raw material using a rigid frame or model called a pattern
is a hollowed-out block that is filled with a liquid like plastic
A plastic material is any of a wide range of synthetic or semi-synthetic organic solids used in the manufacture of industrial products. Plastics are typically polymers of high molecular mass, and may contain other substances to improve performance and/or reduce production costs...
Glass is an amorphous solid material. Glasses are typically brittle and optically transparent.The most familiar type of glass, used for centuries in windows and drinking vessels, is soda-lime glass, composed of about 75% silica plus Na2O, CaO, and several minor additives...
A metal , is an element, compound, or alloy that is a good conductor of both electricity and heat. Metals are usually malleable and shiny, that is they reflect most of incident light...
, or ceramic raw materials
A ceramic is an inorganic, nonmetallic solid prepared by the action of heat and subsequent cooling. Ceramic materials may have a crystalline or partly crystalline structure, or may be amorphous...
. The liquid hardens or sets inside the mold, adopting its shape. A mold is the counterpart to a cast
In metalworking, casting involves pouring liquid metal into a mold, which contains a hollow cavity of the desired shape, and then allowing it to cool and solidify. The solidified part is also known as a casting, which is ejected or broken out of the mold to complete the process...
. The manufacturer who makes the molds is called the moldmaker
Moldmaker is the designation for a profession in the metalworking and ceramics industry. It is a variety of the profession of the toolmaker. The moldmaker produces molds for the injection molding , die casting and ceramics industries....
. A release agent
A release agent is a chemical used to get a slip effect. It can provide a solution in processes involving mold release, die-cast release, plastic release, and tire and web release.-Concrete:...
is typically used to make removal of the hardened/set substance from the mold easier.
Types of molding include:
- Blow Molding
Blow molding is a manufacturing process by which hollow plastic parts are formed. In general, there are three main types of blow molding: extrusion blow molding, injection blow molding, and stretch blow molding. The blow molding process begins with melting down the plastic and forming it into a...
Compaction may refer to:* Soil compaction, for mechanically induced compaction near the ground surface* Compaction , part of the process of lithification involving mechanical dewatering of a sediment by progressive loading under several km of geomaterial* Waste compaction, related to garbage* Cold...
Sintering is a method used to create objects from powders. It is based on atomic diffusion. Diffusion occurs in any material above absolute zero, but it occurs much faster at higher temperatures. In most sintering processes, the powdered material is held in a mold and then heated to a temperature...
- Compression molding
Compression molding is a method of molding in which the molding material, generally preheated, is first placed in an open, heated mold cavity. The mold is closed with a top force or plug member, pressure is applied to force the material into contact with all mold areas, while heat and pressure are...
- Expandable bead molding
- Extrusion molding
- Foam molding
- Injection molding
Injection molding is a manufacturing process for producing parts from both thermoplastic and thermosetting plastic materials. Material is fed into a heated barrel, mixed, and forced into a mold cavity where it cools and hardens to the configuration of the cavity...
- Reaction injection molding
Reaction injection molding is similar to injection molding except thermosetting polymers are used, which requires a curing reaction to occur within the mold.Common items made via RIM include automotive bumpers, air spoilers, and fenders.-Process:...
- Matched mold
- Matrix molding
- Pressure plug assist molding
- Rotational molding
Rotational molding, also known as rotomolding, rotocasting or spin casting, is a molding process for creating many kinds of mostly hollow items, typically of plastic....
- Transfer molding
Transfer molding, like compression molding, is a process where the amount of molding material is measured and inserted before the molding takes place. The molding material is preheated and loaded into a chamber known as the pot...
Thermoforming is a manufacturing process where a plastic sheet is heated to a pliable forming temperature, formed to a specific shape in a mold, and trimmed to create a usable product...
- Vacuum forming
Vacuum forming, commonly known as vacuuforming, is a simplified version of thermoforming, whereby a sheet of plastic is heated to a forming temperature, stretched onto or into a single-surface mold , and held against the mold by applying vacuum between the mold surface and the sheet.The vacuum...
, a simplified version of thermoforming
- Vacuum plug assist molding