is a town in Louisa County
Louisa County is a county located in the Commonwealth of Virginia. As of 2010, the population was 33,153. The county seat is Louisa.- History :...
The Commonwealth of Virginia , is a U.S. state on the Atlantic Coast of the Southern United States. Virginia is nicknamed the "Old Dominion" and sometimes the "Mother of Presidents" after the eight U.S. presidents born there...
, United States
The United States of America is a federal constitutional republic comprising fifty states and a federal district...
. The population was 424 at the 2000 census.
Mineral was originally known as Tolersville, but adopted its current name when it incorporated in 1902 due to the mining industry that supported the community. It was the center of gold mining activity in Louisa County, and during its heyday, there were fifteen gold mines located within two miles (3 km) of the town. A zinc and lead mine also operated in the area into the 1970s.
Mineral is located at 38°0′22"N 77°54′34"W (38.006117, -77.909553).
According to the United States Census Bureau
The United States Census Bureau is the government agency that is responsible for the United States Census. It also gathers other national demographic and economic data...
, the town has a total area of 0.9 sq mi (2.3 km²), all land.
As of the census
A census is the procedure of systematically acquiring and recording information about the members of a given population. It is a regularly occurring and official count of a particular population. The term is used mostly in connection with national population and housing censuses; other common...
of 2000, there were 424 people, 172 households, and 115 families residing in the town. The population density
Population density is a measurement of population per unit area or unit volume. It is frequently applied to living organisms, and particularly to humans...
was 474.7 per square mile (183.9/km²). There were 196 housing units at an average density of 219.5/sq mi (85.0/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 82.8% White, 9.9% Black, and 7.3% from two or more races.
There were 172 households out of which 30.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 53.5% were married couples
Marriage is a social union or legal contract between people that creates kinship. It is an institution in which interpersonal relationships, usually intimate and sexual, are acknowledged in a variety of ways, depending on the culture or subculture in which it is found...
living together, 9.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 32.6% were non-families. 30.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 15.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.47 and the average family size was 3.09.
In the town the population was spread out with 24.3% under the age of 18, 7.3% from 18 to 24, 27.1% from 25 to 44, 24.1% from 45 to 64, and 17.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females there were 100.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 88.8 males.
The median income for a household in the town was $37,500, and the median income for a family was $49,000. Males had a median income of $34,375 versus $24,063 for females. The per capita income
Per capita income or income per person is a measure of mean income within an economic aggregate, such as a country or city. It is calculated by taking a measure of all sources of income in the aggregate and dividing it by the total population...
for the town was $19,397. About 4.5% of families and 6.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 5.2% of those under age 18 and 3.9% of those age 65 or over.
At 1:51 p.m. on August 23, 2011, a 5.8 magnitude earthquake was centered 5 miles (8 kilometers) south-southwest of Mineral, at a depth of 3.7 miles (6 kilometers). According to Associated Press, it "forced evacuations of all the monuments on the National Mall in Washington and rattled nerves from Florida to Canada". The roof of Mineral's town hall collapsed, and three of the six schools in the county's school system suffered heavy damage. There were no fatalities, and only minor injuries.