Mimulus fremontii

Mimulus fremontii

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Mimulus fremontii is a species of monkeyflower
Mimulus is a diverse plant genus, the monkey-flowers and musk-flowers. The about 150 species are currently placed in the family Phrymaceae. The genus has traditionally been placed in Scrophulariaceae. The removal of Mimulus from that family has been supported by studies of chloroplast DNA first...

 known by the common name Frémont's monkeyflower. It is native to California
California is a state located on the West Coast of the United States. It is by far the most populous U.S. state, and the third-largest by land area...

 and Baja California
Baja California
Baja California officially Estado Libre y Soberano de Baja California is one of the 31 states which, with the Federal District, comprise the 32 Federal Entities of Mexico. It is both the northernmost and westernmost state of Mexico. Before becoming a state in 1953, the area was known as the North...

, where it grows in mountain and desert habitat, especially moist or disturbed areas.


Mimulus fremontii is an annual herb with a thin stem growing 1 to 20 centimeters tall. The oval leaves are up to 3 centimeters long, the ones higher on the plant hairy in texture. The tubular base of the flower is encapsulated in a wide, ribbed, hairy calyx of sepal
A sepal is a part of the flower of angiosperms . Collectively the sepals form the calyx, which is the outermost whorl of parts that form a flower. Usually green, sepals have the typical function of protecting the petals when the flower is in bud...

s with pointed lobes. The corolla of the flower is reddish-purple with a darker pink throat with a yellow spot. There are occasionally all-yellow flowers. The flower is one to two centimeters in length.

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