Millisecond

# Millisecond

Discussion

Encyclopedia
A millisecond is a thousandth (1/1,000) of a second
Second
The second is a unit of measurement of time, and is the International System of Units base unit of time. It may be measured using a clock....

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10 milliseconds (a hundredth of a second) are called a centisecond.

To help compare orders of magnitude of different time
Time
Time is a part of the measuring system used to sequence events, to compare the durations of events and the intervals between them, and to quantify rates of change such as the motions of objects....

s, this page lists times between 10−3 seconds and 100 seconds (1 milli
Milli
Milli is a prefix in the metric system denoting a factor of one thousandth . Adopted in 1795, the prefix comes from the Latin mille, meaning one thousand ....

second and one second). See also times of other orders of magnitude
Orders of magnitude (time)
-Seconds:- See also :* Heat Death* Second law of thermodynamics* Big Rip* Big Crunch* Big Bounce* Big Bang* Cyclic model* Dyson's eternal intelligence* Final anthropic principle* Ultimate fate of the Universe* Timeline of the Big Bang...

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## Examples

• 1 millisecond (1 ms) — cycle time for frequency 1 kHz; duration of light for typical photo flash strobe; time taken for sound
Speed of sound
The speed of sound is the distance travelled during a unit of time by a sound wave propagating through an elastic medium. In dry air at , the speed of sound is . This is , or about one kilometer in three seconds or approximately one mile in five seconds....

wave to travel ca. 34 cm; repetition interval of GPS
Global Positioning System
The Global Positioning System is a space-based global navigation satellite system that provides location and time information in all weather, anywhere on or near the Earth, where there is an unobstructed line of sight to four or more GPS satellites...

C/A PN code
• 1.000692286 milliseconds — time taken for light
Speed of light
The speed of light in vacuum, usually denoted by c, is a physical constant important in many areas of physics. Its value is 299,792,458 metres per second, a figure that is exact since the length of the metre is defined from this constant and the international standard for time...

to travel 300 km in a vacuum
• 2.27 milliseconds — cycle time for A440 (pitch standard), the most commonly used pitch for tuning musical instruments
• 3 milliseconds — a housefly
Housefly
The housefly , Musca domestica, is a fly of the suborder Cyclorrhapha...

's wing flap
• 4 milliseconds — typical average seek time for a 10,000 rpm hard disk
Hard disk
A hard disk drive is a non-volatile, random access digital magnetic data storage device. It features rotating rigid platters on a motor-driven spindle within a protective enclosure. Data is magnetically read from and written to the platter by read/write heads that float on a film of air above the...

• 5 milliseconds — a honey bee
Honey bee
Honey bees are a subset of bees in the genus Apis, primarily distinguished by the production and storage of honey and the construction of perennial, colonial nests out of wax. Honey bees are the only extant members of the tribe Apini, all in the genus Apis...

's wing flap
• 8 milliseconds — 1/125 of a second (125), a standard camera
Camera
A camera is a device that records and stores images. These images may be still photographs or moving images such as videos or movies. The term camera comes from the camera obscura , an early mechanism for projecting images...

shutter speed
Shutter speed
In photography, shutter speed is a common term used to discuss exposure time, the effective length of time a camera's shutter is open....

; fastest shifting time of a car's mechanical transmission
• 10 milliseconds (10 ms) — cycle time for frequency 100 Hz
• 11 milliseconds — the latency on a spektrum Dx7SE radio
• 16.7 milliseconds (1/60 second)– a third. Also called a jiffy
Jiffy (time)
Jiffy is an informal term for any unspecified short period of time, as in "I'll be back in a jiffy". From this it has acquired a number of more precise applications for short, very short, or extremely short periods of time...

. Cycle time for American
United States
The United States of America is a federal constitutional republic comprising fifty states and a federal district...

60 Hz AC mains
Mains electricity
Mains is the general-purpose alternating current electric power supply. In the US, electric power is referred to by several names including household power, household electricity, powerline, domestic power, wall power, line power, AC power, city power, street power, and grid power...

grid
• 20 milliseconds — cycle time for Europe
Europe
Europe is, by convention, one of the world's seven continents. Comprising the westernmost peninsula of Eurasia, Europe is generally 'divided' from Asia to its east by the watershed divides of the Ural and Caucasus Mountains, the Ural River, the Caspian and Black Seas, and the waterways connecting...

an 50 Hz AC mains grid
• 33.3 milliseconds — the amount of time one frame lasts in 30fps video
• 41.708 milliseconds — the amount of time one frame lasts in 24fps video or film (actually 23.976fps for most films.)
• 50 milliseconds — cycle time for the lowest audible tone, 20 Hz
• 60 milliseconds — cycle time for European 16.7 Hz AC electrified railroad power grid
• 62.5 milliseconds — a sixty-fourth note
Sixty-fourth note
In music notation, a sixty-fourth note or hemidemisemiquaver is a note played for 1/64 of the duration of a whole note . It lasts half as long as a thirty-second note ....

at MM = 60
• 30 to 100 milliseconds — typical minimum latency
Lag
Lag is a common word meaning to fail to keep up or to fall behind. In real-time applications, the term is used when the application fails to respond in a timely fashion to inputs...

for a broadband internet connection (important for online gaming
Online game
An online game is a game played over some form of computer network. This almost always means the Internet or equivalent technology, but games have always used whatever technology was current: modems before the Internet, and hard wired terminals before modems...

)
• 100 milliseconds — the time interval between gear changes on a Ferrari FXX
Ferrari FXX
The Ferrari FXX is a high performance race car built by automobile manufacturer Ferrari in Maranello, Italy. The FXX is based on the street-legal Enzo. Production of the FXX began in 2005.- Overview :...

• 125 milliseconds — a thirty-second note
Thirty-second note
In music, a thirty-second note or demisemiquaver is a note played for 1/32 of the duration of a whole note...

at MM = 60
• 134 milliseconds — time taken by light
Light
Light or visible light is electromagnetic radiation that is visible to the human eye, and is responsible for the sense of sight. Visible light has wavelength in a range from about 380 nanometres to about 740 nm, with a frequency range of about 405 THz to 790 THz...

to travel around the Earth
Earth
Earth is the third planet from the Sun, and the densest and fifth-largest of the eight planets in the Solar System. It is also the largest of the Solar System's four terrestrial planets...

's equator
Equator
An equator is the intersection of a sphere's surface with the plane perpendicular to the sphere's axis of rotation and containing the sphere's center of mass....

• 150 milliseconds — recommended maximum time delay for telephone
Telephone
The telephone , colloquially referred to as a phone, is a telecommunications device that transmits and receives sounds, usually the human voice. Telephones are a point-to-point communication system whose most basic function is to allow two people separated by large distances to talk to each other...

service
• 200 milliseconds — the time it takes the human brain to recognize emotion in facial expressions
• 250 milliseconds — recommended maximum time delay for a computer terminal or web page
• 250 milliseconds — a sixteenth note
Sixteenth note
thumb|right|Figure 1. A sixteenth note with stem facing up, a sixteenth note with stem facing down, and a sixteenth rest.thumb|right|Figure 2. Four sixteenth notes beamed together....

at MM = 60
• 430 to 500 milliseconds — common modern dance music tempos (120 - 140 BPM)
• 300 to 400 milliseconds — the blink of a human eye
Human eye
The human eye is an organ which reacts to light for several purposes. As a conscious sense organ, the eye allows vision. Rod and cone cells in the retina allow conscious light perception and vision including color differentiation and the perception of depth...

• 400 milliseconds — time in which the fastest baseball
Baseball
Baseball is a bat-and-ball sport played between two teams of nine players each. The aim is to score runs by hitting a thrown ball with a bat and touching a series of four bases arranged at the corners of a ninety-foot diamond...

pitches
Pitch (baseball)
In baseball, a pitch is the act of throwing a baseball toward home plate to start a play. The term comes from the Knickerbocker Rules. Originally, the ball had to be literally "pitched" underhand, as with pitching horseshoes. Overhand throwing was not allowed until 1884.The biomechanics of...

reach the strike zone
• 495 milliseconds — an approximate average of the round trip time for communications via geosynchronous satellites
• 500 milliseconds — an eighth note
Eighth note
thumb|180px|right|Figure 1. An eighth note with stem facing up, an eighth note with stem facing down, and an eighth rest.thumb|right|180px|Figure 2. Four eighth notes beamed together....

at MM = 60
• 860 milliseconds — average human resting heart rate
• 1000 milliseconds — one second
Second
The second is a unit of measurement of time, and is the International System of Units base unit of time. It may be measured using a clock....

• 86,400,000 milliseconds — one day