Meskheti

Meskheti

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'''Meskheti''' ({{lang-ka|მესხეთი}}) is in a mountainous area of [[Moschia]] and is a former province in southwestern [[Georgia (country)|Georgia]]. The ancient Georgian tribes of [[Meskhetians|Meskhi]] (or [[Moschi]]) and '''Mosiniks''' were the indigenous population of this region. A majority of the modern Georgian population (''Meskhs'') of Meskheti are descendants of these ancient tribes. The ''Mosiniks'' (or [[Mossynoeci]]) were one of the inventors of iron metallurgy. In the [[2nd millennium BC|2nd millennium]]-4th century BC Meskheti was a part of the Georgian Kingdom of [[Diaokhi]], in the 4th century BC-6th century AD - part of the Kingdom of [[Caucasian Iberia|Iberia]]. In the 10th-15th centuries this region was a part of the united Georgian Kingdom. In the 16th century Meskheti was occupied and annexed by the [[Ottoman Empire]]. In 1829-1917 the region was a part of [[Tbilisi]] Governate (''Tiflisskaia Gubernia''), in 1918-1921 part of the [[Democratic Republic of Georgia]], and in 1921-1990 part of the [[Georgian SSR]]. Since 1990 Meskheti ([[Samtskhe-Javakheti]] region) has been a province of the republic of [[Georgia (country)|Georgia]]. == Meskhetian Turks == [[Meskhetian Turks]] are the former [[Turkish people|Turkish]] inhabitants of Meskheti region of [[Georgia (country)|Georgia]], along the border with [[Turkey]]. They were deported to [[Central Asia]] during November 15-25 1944 by [[Joseph Stalin]] and settled within [[Kazakhstan]], [[Kyrgyzstan]], and [[Uzbekistan]]. Of the 120,000 forcibly deported in cattle-trucks a total of 10,000 perished. Today they are dispersed over a number of other countries of the former [[Soviet Union]]. There are 500,000 to 700,000 Meskhetian Turks in exile in [[Azerbaijan]] and [[Central Asia]]. [[Meskhetian Turks]] are [[Sunni]] [[Hanafi]] [[Muslims]]. ==See also== * [[Shota Rustaveli]] * [[History of Georgia (country)|History of Georgia]] * [[Culture of Georgia (country)|Culture of Georgia]] * [[Georgians]] * [[Meskhetian Turks]] * [[Meshech]] * [[Moschi]] == External links == * [http://www.amsi.ge/istoria/pi/merCule6.pdf Pavle Ingorokva: Deform of historical reality about soutern parts (Meskheti and South Kartli) of Georgia.] == Literature == * (Georgian) '' თაყაიშვილი ე.,'' არქეოლოგიური ექსპედიცია კოლა-ოლთისში და ჩანგლში, ტფ., 1907; * (Georgian) ''ლომსაძე. შ.,'' სამცხე ჯავახეთი (XVIII ს. შუაწლებიდან XIX საუკუნის შუა წლებამდე), თბ., 1975; * (Georgian) ''მუსხელიშვილი დ.,'' ქსე, ტ. 6, გვ. 601-602, თბ., 1983 * (Georgian) ''ნოზაძე ვ.'' საქართველოს აღდგენისათვის ბრძოლა მესხეთის გამო, თბილისი, 1989; {{Historical regions of Georgia}} {{coord missing|Georgia (country)}}