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Mayabeque Province

Mayabeque Province

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Mayabeque Province is one of two new provinces in Cuba
Cuba
The Republic of Cuba is an island nation in the Caribbean. The nation of Cuba consists of the main island of Cuba, the Isla de la Juventud, and several archipelagos. Havana is the largest city in Cuba and the country's capital. Santiago de Cuba is the second largest city...

, which creation was approved by the Cuban National Assembly (August 1, 2010) by splitting former La Habana province
La Habana Province
Havana Province was one of the provinces of Cuba, prior to being divided into two new provinces of Artemisa and Mayabeque on January 1, 2011. It had 711,066 people in the 2002 census. The largest city was Artemisa .-Geography:...

.
Mayabeque comprises the 11 eastern municipalities of La Habana province with the capital in San José de las Lajas. Mayabeque province takes its name from the Mayabeque
Mayabeque
Mayabeque can refer to several places in Cuba:* Mayabeque Province, created in 2011, comprising the eastern half of the former Havana Province* Playa Mayabeque * Mayabeque River...

 river (the largest in this territory) as well as, from the Mayabeque beach, in the south shore, the place in which is believed the original Havana
Havana
Havana is the capital city, province, major port, and leading commercial centre of Cuba. The city proper has a population of 2.1 million inhabitants, and it spans a total of — making it the largest city in the Caribbean region, and the most populous...

 village (San Cristóbal de La Habana) was founded in 1514.

Thus, the new province becomes the smallest (excluding Havana
Havana
Havana is the capital city, province, major port, and leading commercial centre of Cuba. The city proper has a population of 2.1 million inhabitants, and it spans a total of — making it the largest city in the Caribbean region, and the most populous...

 city province) and least populated in the country. The new provinces were enforced in January 1, 2011.

Mayabeque's economy is based on Agriculture (potatoes, fruits, vegetables, sugar cane) and livestock farming, particularly milk production. It has also a relevant industry sector, mainly in San José de las Lajas and Santa Cruz del Norte
Santa Cruz del Norte
Santa Cruz del Norte is a municipality in the Mayabeque Province of Cuba. Before 2011 belonged to [La Habana Province]. It is located in the north shore, between the cities of Havana and Matanzas, at the mouth of the Santa Cruz River....

 (building materials, electrical cables, rubber industry, glass vessels and ceramics, food processing, paper processing, sugar mills, two large rum factories (Havana Club
Havana Club
Havana Club is a brand of rum, made in Santa Cruz del Norte, Cuba. The brand was established by José Arechabala in 1878. After the Cuban Revolution of 1959, the distillery and company was nationalized by the Cuban government; subsequently, the Arechabala family left for Spain, then emigrated to the...

 brand), biopharmaceuticals (in Bejucal
Bejucal
For the Maya archaeological site in Guatemala see Bejucal Bejucal is a municipality and city in the Mayabeque Province of Cuba. It borders to the north Boyeros; to the east with San José de las Lajas; to the south with Quivicán; and on the west with San Antonio de los Baños. It was founded in 1874...

), fishing products, power plants and oil and gas extraction). It has also important scientific institutions and university in the field of agricultural science.

Municipalities of Mayabeque Province


Municipality km² Population hab./km²
Bejucal
Bejucal
For the Maya archaeological site in Guatemala see Bejucal Bejucal is a municipality and city in the Mayabeque Province of Cuba. It borders to the north Boyeros; to the east with San José de las Lajas; to the south with Quivicán; and on the west with San Antonio de los Baños. It was founded in 1874...

 
116.36 26,966 231.7
San José de las Lajas 592.67 74,186 125.2
Jaruco
Jaruco
Jaruco is a municipality and city in the Mayabeque Province of Cuba.The town was founded in 1762 under the name San Juan Bautista de Jaruco...

 
275.9 25,135 91.1
Santa Cruz del Norte
Santa Cruz del Norte
Santa Cruz del Norte is a municipality in the Mayabeque Province of Cuba. Before 2011 belonged to [La Habana Province]. It is located in the north shore, between the cities of Havana and Matanzas, at the mouth of the Santa Cruz River....

 
379.38 34,216 90.2
Madruga  459.58 29,805 64.9
Nueva Paz  522.8 25,471 48.7
San Nicolás
San Nicolás de Bari, Cuba
San Nicolás is a municipality and city in the Mayabeque Province of Cuba.It was founded in 1846.-Demographics:In 2004, the municipality of San Nicolás had a population of 21,563. With a total area of , it has a population density of ....

 
228.86 20,695 90.4
Güines
Güines
Güines is a municipality and city in the Mayabeque Province of Cuba. It is located southeast of Havana, next to the Mayabeque River.- History :The city was founded in 1737 by the Spanish...

 
433.09 67,919 156.8
Melena del Sur  233.56 20,646 88.4
Batabanó
Batabanó, Cuba
Batabanó is a municipality and city in the Mayabeque Province of Cuba.The municipality is crossed by a number of small rivers, among them Río Guanabo, Río San Felipe, Río Pacheco, Río San Juan and Río Santa Gertrudis. A marina is located in the port of Batabano...

 
263.43 26,944 102.3
Quivicán 227.1 29,463 129.7
Total 3,732.73 381,446 102.2

Source: Oficina Nacional de Estadísticas e Instituto de Planificación Física/2010

The most populated cities are Güines (42 000 hab.) and San José de las Lajas (37 000 hab.)