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The '''Massachusetts Bay Transportation Authority Police''' (T Police / Transit Police) is a police force which has primary jurisdiction on [[Massachusetts Bay Transportation Authority]] (MBTA) property and vehicles in each of the 178 cities and towns within the MBTA District. The department has grown to an authorized strength of 266 officers and 10 civilians. The majority of the MBTA Police Department's efforts are focused on patrol in [[Boston]] and surrounding communities. The department patrols and protects the 5 [[Subway (rail)|subway]] lines to include the Silver Line, 13 commuter rail lines, 4 passenger ferry routes, 181 bus routes and The Ride paratransit system in [[Massachusetts]] communities. Deputy Chief Paul MacMillan has been named by MBTA General Manager Daniel A. Grabauskas as the acting chief of the force to replace [[Joseph C. Carter (general)|Joseph C. Carter]] who left the job to accept the position of [[Adjutant General#United States|Adjutant General]] (TAG) of Massachusetts [[United States National Guard|National Guard]]. No permanent replacement has been named.
In October 1968, legislation was passed (Chapter 664 of the Acts of 1968, amended by Chapter 829 of the Acts of 1970 and Chapter 329 of the Acts of 1993) which created the MBTA Police Department (hereafter referred to as the MBTA Transit Police Department or the MBTA Transit Police) under the provisions of Massachusetts General Law (M.G.L.), Chapter 31. The first full-time MBTA Transit [[Police Officer]]s were hired on December 9, 1968. Chapter 664 of the Acts of 1968 (amended by Chapter 829 of the Acts of 1970 and Chapter 329 of the Acts of 1993):
established a Police Department under the supervision of a Police Officer to be known as a Chief of Police; provided that all Police Officers except for the positions of the Chief, Superintendent or Major would be subject to Chapter 31; provided that all Police Officers would have, within the territorial limits of the authority, the powers and duties conferred or imposed upon Police Officers of cities and towns by Massachusetts General Law, Chapter 41, Section 98; provided MBTA Transit Police Officers additional powers of Railway Police Officers under Massachusetts General Law, Chapter 159, Section 93; and provided that MBTA Transit Police Officers have the same authority on city or town property as they have on MBTA property.
Therefore, MBTA Transit Police Officers have full police powers within the territorial limits of the Authority.
The MBTA Transit Police Department has jurisdiction and full police authority in all of the 175 cities and towns that comprise the MBTA service area. Outside the 175 cities and towns, the Transit Police exercises street railway police powers on the vehicles, properties and rights of way that comprise the Commuter Rail System. The Transit Police promotes safety and security throughout Greater [[Boston]] and eastern [[Massachusetts]], working with federal, state and local [[Law enforcement agency|law enforcement agencies]]. The MBTA Transit Police Department provides police services to patrons and employees of the Authority on MBTA property and vehicles.
Enforcement of transit-related laws off MBTA property, such as writing parking tickets at bus stops, is shared with municipal police departments, and the [[Massachusetts State Police]] on [[Massport]] and [[Department of Conservation and Recreation (Massachusetts)|DCR]] property.
==Patrol Operations Division==
[[File:MBTA2.JPG|thumb|right|250px|2007 Transit Police Supervisor Cruiser on Washington Street near Downtown Crossing]]
===Transit Police Service Areas===
There are four geographic service areas and a Headquarters service area. A Lieutenant commands each TPSA. The four geographical service areas are responsible to staff the patrol beats of their respective areas. Each geographical TPSA includes Sergeants and Police Officers assigned to foot and vehicle patrol. The Headquarters commander is responsible for communications, prisoner processing and lodging, the Court Case Management Unit, which includes property, drugs, and evidence control functions.
Transit Police Service Area (TPSA) 1 is under the command of a Lieutenant Commander. TPSA 1 Sergeants and Officers patrol the area of downtown Boston and the Blue Line. They patrol and respond to calls at the following subway stations; Orange Line: Haymarket, State Street, Downtown Crossing, Chinatown, New England Medical, Back Bay; Red Line: Charles/MGH, Park Street, [[Downtown Crossing]], [[South Station]]; Green Line: Haymarket, Government Center, Park Street, Boylston, Arlington, Copley, Prudential; Blue Line: Bowdoin, Government Center, State Street, Aquarium, Maverick, Airport, Wood Island, Orient Heights, Suffolk Downs, Beachmont, Revere Beach, Wonderland. They respond to any bus, commuter boat or Silver Line call in this area.
Transit Police Service Area (TPSA) 2 is under the command of a Lieutenant Commander. TPSA 5 Sergeants and Officers patrol Northwest Massachusetts. They patrol and respond to calls at the following subway stations: North Station, Community College, Sullivan Square, Wellington, Malden, Oak Grove, Science Park, Lechmere, Kendall/MIT, Central, Harvard, Porter, Davis and Alewife. They respond to all bus and commuter rail calls in this area.
Transit Police Service Area (TPSA) 3 is under the command of a Lieutenant Commander. TPSA 3 Sergeants and Officers patrol Southeast Massachusetts. They patrol and respond to calls at the following Red Line subway stations: Broadway, Andrew, JFK/UMass, Savin Hill, Fields Corner, Shawmut, Ashmont, North Quincy, Wollaston, Quincy Center, Quincy Adams and Braintree. Rapid Transit High Speed Line that operates from Ashmont Station to Mattapan Station. Silver Line stations: Dudley Square, Lenox St., Massachusetts Ave., Worcester Square, Newton St., Union Park St., E. Berkeley St., Herald St. They also respond to all bus, commuter boat and commuter rail calls in this area.
Transit Police Service Area (TPSA) 4 is under the command of a Lieutenant Commander. TPSA 4 Sergeants and Officers patrol Southwest Massachusetts. They patrol and respond to calls at the following subway stations: Mass Ave, Ruggles, Roxbury Crossing, Jackson Square, Stony Brook, Green Street and Forest Hills. They are also responsible for the B, C, D and E Green Lines. They respond to all bus and commuter rail calls in this area.
Transit Police Service Area (TPSA) HQ is under the command of Lieutenant Commander Stephen Salisbury and consists of Dispatch Operations, Booking Operations and Court Case Management. TPSA HQ Sergeants and Officers are responsible for dispatching units, report taking, booking and custody of all prisoners, evidence control and property control.
===Special Operations Unit===
At the direction of the Patrol Operations Division Commander, The Special Operations Unit is responsible for providing the Department tactical support, the handling of situations involving explosives and the handling of situations involving Hazardous Material. The Special Operations Unit is composed of the Special Weapons and Tactics Twam (SWAT) and the Explosive Detection Unit (EDU). A Lieutenant commands the Special Operations Unit.
===Special Operations Team===
At the direction of the Special Operation Unit Commander, the Special Operations Team (SOT) is responsible for the tactical support to the Patrol Force during hazardous incidents and/or preplanned raids. Upon arrival at a designated SOT event, the ranking or senior SOT Police Officer assumes command of the scene.
===Explosive Detection Unit and HAZMAT===
At the direction of the Special Operation Unit Commander, the Explosive Detection Unit employs specialized highly trained officers and Explosive Detection Canines to handle situations involving explosives and related incidents. The Explosive Detection Unit responds to all bomb threats, suspicious items, abandoned items, hazardous devices/conditions and emergencies on properties and vehicles owned, utilized, operated by, or in the control of the Massachusetts Bay Transportation Authority. The Explosive Detection Unit also renders mutual aid to any city or town when needed.
===Crisis Negotiation Team===
At the direction of the Patrol Operations Division Commander, the Department's Crisis Negotiation Team responds to any hostage or barricaded person(s) situation. The mission of the team is to gather intelligence and defuse potentially life-threatening situations through the use of proven verbal management techniques.
===Motorcycle Services for Transit Police (MSTP)===
The Department's [[Motorcycle]] Police Officers are responsible for providing strategic patrols to deal with special situations and events. The increased mobility of a [[motorcycle]] enables Motorcycle Officers to move easily through heavy traffic, thus becoming flexible rapid response units even under extreme traffic conditions.
===Canine (K-9) Services for Transit Police===
[[Image:MBTA Civil Unit.jpg|thumb|right|250px|Transit Police Civil Disturbance Unit Command Center]]
The Transit Police [[police dog|K-9]] Unit has the Department's patrol dogs. While assigned on a daily basis to one of the Transit Police Service Area's (TPSA's), the K-9's provide the Department as a whole with specially trained police officer/K-9 teams. The K-9 unit consists exclusively of patrol trained [[dog]]s. Many of these [[dog]]s are also cross-trained as [[narcotics]] detection dogs. K-9 teams undergo an intensive sixteen week training program to become certified. This training consists of obedience, tracking, searching, and apprehension. Narcotics certification takes another eight weeks. Once certified, K-9 teams perform regular patrol functions throughout the transit system as well as handling special calls for the K-9, such as responding to building break-ins, tracking suspects, locating evidence, crowd control and [[drug]] searches. The K-9 Unit is also deployed to assist the Special Operations Team in the apprehension of suspects.
===Civil Disturbance Unit===
At the direction of the Patrol Operations Division Commander, the Civil Disturbance Unit is responsible for augmenting the Patrol Force in effectively addressing any riot and/or civil protest. The CDU is not a full time unit. On normal days, members range from patrol officers to detectives. They are activated in times of crisis or when large crowds are expected.
The MBTA is the nation's fourth largest public transportation system and transports well over one million passengers daily. To support the MBTA Transit Police Department in the fight against [[terrorism]] and to protect the system and keep the ridership safe; the MBTA Transit Police has a full time Intelligence Unit. The MBTA Transit Police Intelligence Unit is responsible for coordinating the gathering, recording and sharing of intelligence information relating to [[terrorism]] that affects transit systems worldwide. The Unit disseminates regular intelligence alerts and bulletins which contain information on matters of interest to MBTA Transit Police personnel with regard to terrorism and transit security.
The MBTA Transit Police Intelligence Unit works in conjunction with the [[FBI]] Joint Terrorism Task Force, the [[U.S. Attorney]]'s Office, the Commonwealth Fusion Center and the [[Boston Police Department]]'s Intelligence Unit and meets daily for intelligence sharing. Transit Police Detectives are assigned full time to the [[FBI]] Joint Terrorism Task Force, [[Immigration and Customs Enforcement]] (ICE) and the [[Drug Enforcement Administration]] (DEA).
The Intelligence Unit utilizes a great number of sources at the federal, state and local levels to collect information on possible [[terrorism]] and significant incidents that occur on other transit systems. Additionally, the Intelligence Unit networks directly with various railroad law enforcement and transit system officials to share and record unusual occurrences that may relate to railroad infrastructures and transit systems nationwide
Established by the Intelligence Unit, the hotline serves as a place where concerned citizens can call and report suspicious activity related to terrorism. All reports are investigated by the Intelligence Unit and if need be are forwarded to the FBI's Joint Terrorism Task Force.
===Criminal Investigation Unit===
The Criminal Investigations Unit is responsible for investigating crimes and incidents that occur on MBTA property and within MBTA Transit Police jurisdiction, including commuter rail incidents. The Unit conducts all death investigations in conjunction with the District Attorneys' Offices and has primary jurisdiction for all criminal acts perpetrated on the MBTA Transit System. The Unit is supported in its mission by Crime Scene Services. Additionally, the Criminal Investigations Unit has Detectives assigned to the Boston Police Department's Youth Violence Strike Force (gang unit) and numerous other local agencies on various investigative initiatives.
===Crime Scene Services===
Crime Scene Services is responsible for processing all crime scenes. Detectives recover latent fingerprints, sketch and photograph scenes and recover physical evidence for scientific processing and prosecution.
The Department's Juvenile Detectives are responsible for coordinating the interaction and handling of juvenile offenders, their parents or guardians, and juvenile enforcement programs. The Juvenile Detectives also participate in community outreach efforts toward juveniles.
===Crime Analysis Unit===
The Crime Analysis Unit is responsible for studying the statistics, rates, flows, and types of crimes being committed on MBTA property or in MBTA vehicles. The [[crime analysis]] unit puts out weekly crime reviews, bulletins, and an arrest log. Also, the crime analysis unit creates a monthly crime statistics report. This and all other reports and reviews are given to every sworn officer. Patrol services and Criminal Investigations section both use the crime analysis unit to help them determine efficient policing strategies.
===Internal Security Section===
The Internal Security Section is responsible for internal security investigations within the Authority, with particular attention focused on revenue security. They are also responsible for the investigation of all MBTA employee-related criminal activity (excluding MBTA Transit Police employees). Due to the sensitive and confidential nature of their activities and investigations, personnel assigned to this function will report solely and directly to the Investigative Services Division Commander.
After a rash of indecent [[sexual assault]]s on the Green Line in 2007 and 2008, detectives from the Criminal investigations Section began riding Green Line trains in plain clothes. Female detectives pose as patrons and have had success in catching [[sex offender]]s in the act.
Beginning in January 2008, select officers from the patrol section have been assuming their duties in plain clothes. Their main goal is to catch patrons who intentionally evade fare. This operation has nearly doubled the amount of patrons cited for evading fare. During these fare evasion stops, officers have arrested numerous suspects for other offenses including [[drugs]] violations, outstanding warrants, and illegal possession of [[firearm]]s.
As of August 5, 2006, the local [[news media|media]] reported the MBTA Police could [[Merger|merge]] with the [[Massachusetts State Police]] due to budgetary and staffing concerns. The union which represents the MBTA Transit Police supports this plan citing the difficulty the 257-member force has providing security for a transit system that spans 175 cities and towns in the state. They also cite a rider to officer ratio of 5,058 passengers per transit officer, far greater than the national average of 1,759 passengers per transit officer. The union reasons that after a merger, the existing MBTA officers could form a new State Police troop concentrating on providing security for inner-city Boston subway and bus systems, while state police officers could concentrate on commuter rail stations, T parking and MBTA routes outside of the city. The merger would have an effect on pay scales as the state police force has a base [[salary]] $24,000 greater than the $48,000 base salary of a Transit Police officer. The union representing state police officers opposes the merger citing different training methods and selection processes for officers and extra competition for promotion opportunities.
* [http://www.mbta.com/transitpolice/ Official MBTA Police page]
* [http://www.mbta.com/ Official MBTA page]