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Martigny (district)

Martigny (district)

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Encyclopedia
The district of Martigny is a district in the canton
Cantons of Switzerland
The 26 cantons of Switzerland are the member states of the federal state of Switzerland. Each canton was a fully sovereign state with its own borders, army and currency from the Treaty of Westphalia until the establishment of the Swiss federal state in 1848...

 of Valais
Valais
The Valais is one of the 26 cantons of Switzerland in the southwestern part of the country, around the valley of the Rhône from its headwaters to Lake Geneva, separating the Pennine Alps from the Bernese Alps. The canton is one of the drier parts of Switzerland in its central Rhône valley...

 in Switzerland
Switzerland
Switzerland name of one of the Swiss cantons. ; ; ; or ), in its full name the Swiss Confederation , is a federal republic consisting of 26 cantons, with Bern as the seat of the federal authorities. The country is situated in Western Europe,Or Central Europe depending on the definition....

. It has a population of (as of ).

Municipalities


It comprises the following municipalities
Municipalities of Switzerland
Communes , also known as municipalities, are the smallest government division in Switzerland, numbering 2,596 . While many have a population of a few hundred citizens, the largest cities such as Zürich or Geneva also have the legal status of municipalities...

:


!colspan="1" align=center bgcolor="#EFEFEF" | Area
km²

|-
| Bovernier
Bovernier
Bovernier is a municipality in the district of Martigny in the canton of Valais in Switzerland.-Geography:Bovernier has an area, , of . Of this area, 5.0% is used for agricultural purposes, while 72.1% is forested...

 || align="center" | || align="center" | 12.86
|-
| Charrat
Charrat
Charrat is a municipality in the district of Martigny in the canton of Valais in Switzerland.-Geography:Charrat has an area, , of . Of this area, 45.0% is used for agricultural purposes, while 40.1% is forested...

 || align="center" | || align="center" | 7.61
|-
| Fully
Fully
Fully is a municipality in the district of Martigny in the canton of Valais in Switzerland.-Geography:Fully has an area, , of . Of this area, 30.5% is used for agricultural purposes, while 27.7% is forested. Of the rest of the land, 5.7% is settled and 36.2% is unproductive land.It is on the...

 || align="center" | || align="center" | 37.79
|-
| Isérables
Isérables
Isérables is a municipality in the district of Martigny in the canton of Valais in Switzerland.-History:Isérables is first mentioned in 1227 as Aserablos. In 1324 it was mentioned as Yserablo.-Geography:...

 || align="center" | || align="center" | 15.23
|-
| Leytron
Leytron
Leytron is a municipality in the district of Martigny in the canton of Valais in Switzerland.-Geography:Leytron has an area, , of . Of this area, or 27.1% is used for agricultural purposes, while or 30.1% is forested...

 || align="center" | || align="center" | 26.85
|-
| Martigny || align="center" | || align="center" | 24.97
|-
| Martigny-Combe
Martigny-Combe
Martigny-Combe is a municipality in the district of Martigny in the canton of Valais in Switzerland.-History:Martigny-Combe is first mentioned in 1841 as La Combe. In 1844 it was first mentioned as Martigny-Combe.-Geography:...

 || align="center" | || align="center" | 37.63
|-
| Riddes
Riddes
Riddes is a municipality in the district of Martigny in the canton of Valais in Switzerland.-History:Riddes is first mentioned in 1001 as Ride. It was previously known its German name Riden, though that is not used anymore.-Geography:...

 || align="center" | || align="center" | 23.88
|-
| Saillon
Saillon
Saillon is a municipality in the district of Martigny in the canton of Valais in Switzerland.-History:Saillon is first mentioned in 1052 as castellum Psallionis. The municipality was formerly known by its German name Schellon, however, that name is no longer used.-Geography:Saillon has an area, , of...

 || align="center" | || align="center" | 13.74
|-
| Saxon
Saxon, Switzerland
Saxon is a municipality, in the district of Martigny, in the canton of Valais, in Switzerland.-Geography:Saxon has an area, , of . Of this area, 31.9% is used for agricultural purposes, while 50.6% is forested...

 || align="center" | || align="center" | 23.23
|-
| Trient
Trient, Switzerland
Trient is a municipality in the district of Martigny in the canton of Valais in Switzerland.-Geography:Trient has an area, , of . Of this area, 12.4% is used for agricultural purposes, while 31.2% is forested...

 || align="center" | || align="center" | 39.56
|-
| bgcolor="#EFEFEF" | Total || bgcolor="#EFEFEF" align="center"|
| bgcolor="#EFEFEF" align="center" | 263.35
|}

Coat of arms


The blazon
Blazon
In heraldry and heraldic vexillology, a blazon is a formal description of a coat of arms, flag or similar emblem, from which the reader can reconstruct the appropriate image...

 of the municipal coat of arms
Coat of arms
A coat of arms is a unique heraldic design on a shield or escutcheon or on a surcoat or tabard used to cover and protect armour and to identify the wearer. Thus the term is often stated as "coat-armour", because it was anciently displayed on the front of a coat of cloth...

 is Gules, a Lion rampant double-queued Argent holding a mallet Or.

Demographics


Martigny has a population of . Most of the population speaks French
French language
French is a Romance language spoken as a first language in France, the Romandy region in Switzerland, Wallonia and Brussels in Belgium, Monaco, the regions of Quebec and Acadia in Canada, and by various communities elsewhere. Second-language speakers of French are distributed throughout many parts...

 (29,848 or 88.6%) as their first language, Portuguese
Portuguese language
Portuguese is a Romance language that arose in the medieval Kingdom of Galicia, nowadays Galicia and Northern Portugal. The southern part of the Kingdom of Galicia became independent as the County of Portugal in 1095...

 is the second most common (1,268 or 3.8%) and Italian
Italian language
Italian is a Romance language spoken mainly in Europe: Italy, Switzerland, San Marino, Vatican City, by minorities in Malta, Monaco, Croatia, Slovenia, France, Libya, Eritrea, and Somalia, and by immigrant communities in the Americas and Australia...

 is the third (818 or 2.4%). There are 516 people who speak German
German language
German is a West Germanic language, related to and classified alongside English and Dutch. With an estimated 90 – 98 million native speakers, German is one of the world's major languages and is the most widely-spoken first language in the European Union....

 and 17 people who speak Romansh.

, the gender distribution of the population was 49.4% male and 50.6% female. The population was made up of 14,638 Swiss men (36.4% of the population) and 5,224 (13.0%) non-Swiss men. There were 15,790 Swiss women (39.3%) and 4,518 (11.2%) non-Swiss women. Of the population in the district 15,012 or about 44.6% were born in Martigny and lived there in 2000. There were 8,129 or 24.1% who were born in the same canton, while 3,114 or 9.2% were born somewhere else in Switzerland, and 6,505 or 19.3% were born outside of Switzerland.

, there were 13,777 people who were single and never married in the district. There were 16,152 married individuals, 2,192 widows or widowers and 1,572 individuals who are divorced.

There were 4,529 households that consist of only one person and 1,073 households with five or more people. Out of a total of 13,999 households that answered this question, 32.4% were households made up of just one person and there were 167 adults who lived with their parents. Of the rest of the households, there are 3,294 married couples without children, 4,609 married couples with children There were 860 single parents with a child or children. There were 171 households that were made up of unrelated people and 369 households that were made up of some sort of institution or another collective housing.

The historical population is given in the following chart:

Mergers and name changes


On 1 August 1964 the former municipalities of Martigny-Bourg and Martigny-Ville merged to form the new municipality of Martigny.

Politics


In the 2007 federal election
Swiss federal election, 2007
Elections to the Swiss Federal Assembly, the federal parliament of Switzerland, were held on Sunday, 21 October 2007. In a few cantons, a second round of the elections to the Council of States was held on 11 November, 18 November, and 25 November 2007...

 the most popular party was the CVP
Christian Democratic People's Party of Switzerland
The Christian Democratic People's Party of Switzerland is a Christian democratic political party in Switzerland. It is the fourth-largest party in the National Council, with 31 seats, and the largest in the Council of States, with 15 seats. It has one seat, that of Doris Leuthard, on the Swiss...

 which received 30.87% of the vote. The next three most popular parties were the FDP
FDP.The Liberals
FDP.The Liberals is a classical liberal political party in Switzerland. It is the joint-largest party in the Federal Council, third-largest party in the National Council, and second-largest in the Council of States....

 (29.7%), the SVP
Swiss People's Party
The Swiss People's Party , also known as the Democratic Union of the Centre , is a conservative political party in Switzerland. Chaired by Toni Brunner, but spearheaded by Christoph Blocher, the party is the largest party in the Federal Assembly, with 58 members of the National Council and 6 of...

 (15.87%) and the SP
Social Democratic Party of Switzerland
The Social Democratic Party of Switzerland is the largest centre-left political party in Switzerland....

 (12.66%). In the federal election, a total of 14,438 votes were cast, and the voter turnout
Voter turnout
Voter turnout is the percentage of eligible voters who cast a ballot in an election . After increasing for many decades, there has been a trend of decreasing voter turnout in most established democracies since the 1960s...

 was 60.8%.

In the 2009 Conseil d'Etat/Staatsrat
Conseil d'Etat (Switzerland)
In Switzerland, Conseil d'Etat is the name of the council constituting the cantonal government of French-speaking cantons. It is not to be confused with the Conseil des États which is a chamber of the Swiss parliament....

 election a total of 12,925 votes were cast, of which 887 or about 6.9% were invalid. The voter participation was 54.2%, which is similar to the cantonal average of 54.67%. In the 2007 Swiss Council of States election
Swiss Council of States election, 2007
Elections were held to the Council of States of Switzerland in October and November 2007 as part of the 2007 federal election. All 46 members of the Council of States were elected from all cantons of Switzerland. The first round was held on 21 October...

 election a total of 14,242 votes were cast, of which 1,055 or about 7.4% were invalid. The voter participation was 61.0%, which is similar to the cantonal average of 59.88%.

Religion


From the , 27,493 or 81.6% were Roman Catholic, while 1,624 or 4.8% belonged to the Swiss Reformed Church
Swiss Reformed Church
The Reformed branch of Protestantism in Switzerland was started in Zürich by Huldrych Zwingli and spread within a few years to Basel , Bern , St...

. Of the rest of the population, there were 185 members of an Orthodox church
Orthodox Christianity
The term Orthodox Christianity may refer to:* the Eastern Orthodox Church and its various geographical subdivisions...

 (or about 0.55% of the population), there were 22 individuals (or about 0.07% of the population) who belonged to the Christian Catholic Church
Christian Catholic Church of Switzerland
The Christian Catholic Church of Switzerland is the Swiss member church of the Union of Utrecht, also known as Old Catholic Church, originally founded by the jansenists, with a later influx of discontented Catholics following their disappointment with the First Vatican Council. It has 14,000...

, and there were 508 individuals (or about 1.51% of the population) who belonged to another Christian church. There were 4 individuals (or about 0.01% of the population) who were Jewish
Judaism
Judaism ) is the "religion, philosophy, and way of life" of the Jewish people...

, and 1,155 (or about 3.43% of the population) who were Islam
Islam
Islam . The most common are and .   : Arabic pronunciation varies regionally. The first vowel ranges from ~~. The second vowel ranges from ~~~...

ic. There were 41 individuals who were Buddhist
Buddhism
Buddhism is a religion and philosophy encompassing a variety of traditions, beliefs and practices, largely based on teachings attributed to Siddhartha Gautama, commonly known as the Buddha . The Buddha lived and taught in the northeastern Indian subcontinent some time between the 6th and 4th...

, 21 individuals who were Hindu
Hinduism
Hinduism is the predominant and indigenous religious tradition of the Indian Subcontinent. Hinduism is known to its followers as , amongst many other expressions...

 and 39 individuals who belonged to another church. 1,478 (or about 4.39% of the population) belonged to no church, are agnostic
Agnosticism
Agnosticism is the view that the truth value of certain claims—especially claims about the existence or non-existence of any deity, but also other religious and metaphysical claims—is unknown or unknowable....

 or atheist
Atheism
Atheism is, in a broad sense, the rejection of belief in the existence of deities. In a narrower sense, atheism is specifically the position that there are no deities...

, and 1,365 individuals (or about 4.05% of the population) did not answer the question.

Education


In Martigny about 10,545 or (31.3%) of the population have completed non-mandatory upper secondary education, and 3,057 or (9.1%) have completed additional higher education (either University or a Fachhochschule
Fachhochschule
A Fachhochschule or University of Applied Sciences is a German type of tertiary education institution, sometimes specialized in certain topical areas . Fachhochschulen were founded in Germany and later adopted by Austria, Liechtenstein, Switzerland and Greece...

). Of the 3,057 who completed tertiary schooling, 55.4% were Swiss men, 29.2% were Swiss women, 9.4% were non-Swiss men and 5.9% were non-Swiss women.