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Manaccan

Manaccan

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Manaccan is a civil parish and village on the Lizard peninsula
The Lizard
The Lizard is a peninsula in south Cornwall, England, United Kingdom. The most southerly point of the British mainland is near Lizard Point at ....

 in south Cornwall
Cornwall
Cornwall is a unitary authority and ceremonial county of England, within the United Kingdom. It is bordered to the north and west by the Celtic Sea, to the south by the English Channel, and to the east by the county of Devon, over the River Tamar. Cornwall has a population of , and covers an area of...

, England
England
England is a country that is part of the United Kingdom. It shares land borders with Scotland to the north and Wales to the west; the Irish Sea is to the north west, the Celtic Sea to the south west, with the North Sea to the east and the English Channel to the south separating it from continental...

, United Kingdom
United Kingdom
The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern IrelandIn the United Kingdom and Dependencies, other languages have been officially recognised as legitimate autochthonous languages under the European Charter for Regional or Minority Languages...

. The village is situated approximately five miles (8 km) south-southwest of Falmouth
Falmouth, Cornwall
Falmouth is a town, civil parish and port on the River Fal on the south coast of Cornwall, England, United Kingdom. It has a total resident population of 21,635.Falmouth is the terminus of the A39, which begins some 200 miles away in Bath, Somerset....

.

Manaccan parish is in an area known as Meneage
Meneage
The Meneage is a district in west Cornwall, United Kingdom. The nearest large towns are Falmouth and Penryn....

 which means 'land of the monks', a designated Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty
Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty
An Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty is an area of countryside considered to have significant landscape value in England, Wales or Northern Ireland, that has been specially designated by the Countryside Agency on behalf of the United Kingdom government; the Countryside Council for Wales on...

. The parish is bordered to the north by the Helford River
Helford River
The Helford River is a ria located in Cornwall, England, UK, and not a true river. It is fed by a number of small streams into its numerous creeks...

 (a drowned river valley or ria
Ria
A ria is a coastal inlet formed by the partial submergence of an unglaciated river valley. It is a drowned river valley that remains open to the sea. Typically, rias have a dendritic, treelike outline although they can be straight and without significant branches. This pattern is inherited from the...

), to the west by St Martin-in-Meneage
St Martin-in-Meneage
St Martin-in-Meneage is a civil parish and village in the Meneage district of the Lizard Peninsula in Cornwall, United Kingdom.The village is five miles south-southeast of Helston....

 parish, to the south by St Keverne
St Keverne
St Keverne is a civil parish and village on the Lizard Peninsula in Cornwall, United Kingdom.The Cornish Rebellion of 1497 started in St Keverne. The leader of the rebellion Michael An Gof was a blacksmith from St Keverne and is commemorated by a statue in the village...

 parish, and to the east by St Anthony-in-Meneage
St Anthony-in-Meneage
St Anthony-in-Meneage is a coastal civil parish and village in Cornwall, United Kingdom. The parish is in the Meneage district of The Lizard peninsula...

 parish. The origin of the name Manaccan is probably derived not from a saint but from the Cornish for (church) of the monks. It was also at times called Minster in English because it must once have had a Celtic monastery. "St Manacca" is recorded as the patron as early as 1308.

The population of Manaccan was 299 in the 2001 census.

Buildings and antiquities


The parish church is dedicated to St Mannacus and St Dunstan (early records have St Manacca). There was a Norman church here and fragments of it remain; the doorway is one of the best specimens of Norman entrances in Cornwall. The rest of the structure is of the 13th and 15th centuries. The west tower is built of slate.. The church is well-known for a large and flourishing fig-tree
Common fig
The Common fig is a deciduous tree growing to heights of up to 6 m in the genus Ficus from the family Moraceae known as Common fig tree. It is a temperate species native to the Middle East.-Description:...

 which is growing out of the western part of the south wall of the church. It has been there for at least 250 years.

Boden Vean Fogou
Fogou
A fogou or fougou is an underground, dry-stone structure found on Iron Age or Romano-British defended settlement sites in Cornwall. Fogous have similarities with souterrains or earth-houses of northern Europe and particularly Scotland including the Orkney Islands...

 was rediscovered by a local farmer in the 1990s and was excavated by archaeologists in 2003 and in September and October 2008.

Geology


In 1791 William Gregor
William Gregor
William Gregor was the British clergyman and mineralogist who discovered the elemental metal titanium.-Early years:...

 discovered titanium
Titanium
Titanium is a chemical element with the symbol Ti and atomic number 22. It has a low density and is a strong, lustrous, corrosion-resistant transition metal with a silver color....

 in the stream that runs through the valley just south of the village. The location is commemorated by a plaque placed next to the bridge. The mineral ilmenite
Ilmenite
Ilmenite is a weakly magnetic titanium-iron oxide mineral which is iron-black or steel-gray. It is a crystalline iron titanium oxide . It crystallizes in the trigonal system, and it has the same crystal structure as corundum and hematite....

, an iron titanium oxide, was a constituent of the ore identified by William Gregor; it has an alternative name manaccanite, derived from Manaccan.

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