Malabar Coast

Malabar Coast

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[[Image:Bekalfortbeach.JPG|thumb|right|250px|[[Bekal Fort]] Beach, Kerala.]] The '''Malabar Coast''' is a long and narrow coastline on the south-western shore line of the mainland [[Indian subcontinent]]. Geographically, it comprises the wettest regions of southern [[India]], as the [[Western Ghats]] intercept the moisture-laden [[monsoon]] rains, especially on their westward-facing mountain slopes. The term "Malabar Coast" is also sometimes used in reference to the entire [[India]]n coast from the western coast of [[Konkan]] to the tip of the subcontinent at [[Cape Comorin]]. ==Definitions== [[Image:Mangalore fishing.JPG|thumb|left|Fishing in Mukkah, near Mangalore, Karnataka.]] The '''Malabar Coast''', in historical contexts, refers to India's southwestern coast, lying on the narrow coastal plain of [[Karnataka]] and [[Kerala]] states between the [[Western Ghats]] range and the [[Arabian Sea]]. The coast runs from south of [[Goa]] to [[Cape Comorin]] on India's southern tip. India's southeastern coast, by comparison, is called the [[Coromandel Coast]]. The Malabar Coast is also sometimes used as an all encompassing term for the entire Indian coast from [[Konkan]] to the tip of the subcontinent at [[Cape Comorin]]. It is over {{convert|845|km|mi|abbr=on}} long. It spans from the coast of southwestern [[Maharashtra]] and goes along the region of [[Goa]], through the entire western coast of [[Karnataka]] and [[Kerala]] and reaches to [[Kanyakumari district|Kanyakumari]]. It is flanked by the [[Arabian Sea]] on the west and the [[Western Ghats]] on the east. The southern part of this narrow coast is referred to as the [[South Western Ghats moist deciduous forests]]. ==Recorded history== The Malabar Coast, throughout recorded history, right from 3000 BC, had been a major trading center in commercial intercourse with [[Mesopotamia]], [[Egypt]], [[Greece]], [[Rome]], [[Jerusalem]] and the [[Arabs]]. It has old and still functional port cities, notably [[Kozhikode]] (Calicut) and [[Kannur]] (Cannanore), [[Oddeway Torre]] settlement (both part of [[Danish India]]), which have served as centers of the [[Indian Ocean]] trade, for centuries. Because of their orientation to the sea and to maritime commerce, the Malabar coast cities feel very [[Multicultural|cosmopolitan]], and hosted some of the first groups of [[Syrian Malabar Nasrani|Syrian Christian]]s, [[Cochin Jews|Jews]] and [[Muslim]]s in India. ==Cultural references== The Irish folksong '''Coast of Malabar''', performed by [[Tommy Makem]] and [[The Chieftains]] among others, is a lilting romantic air. The "Malabar front" was a location mentioned in George Orwell's 1984 where men of the fictional country of Oceania fought. ==See also== {{commonscat}} *[[Malabar (disambiguation)]] *[[North Malabar]] *[[Syrian Malabar Nasrani]] - Malabar Christians *[[Dutch Malabar]] {{Template group |title = [[North Malabar]] |list = {{North Malabar}} {{Places of interest in North Malabar}} }} {{coord missing|India}} {{Kerala topics}}