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Madhav Sadashiv Golwalkar

Madhav Sadashiv Golwalkar

Overview
Madhav Sadashiv Golwalkar ( Mādhav Sadāśiv Gōḷavalakar) (February 19, 1906 - June 5, 1973), popularly known as Pujyaniya Guru
Guru
A guru is one who is regarded as having great knowledge, wisdom, and authority in a certain area, and who uses it to guide others . Other forms of manifestation of this principle can include parents, school teachers, non-human objects and even one's own intellectual discipline, if the...

ji
, was the second "Sarsanghchalak
Sarsanghchalak
The Sarsanghchalak is the paramount leader of the Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh.He is supposed to be the Philosophical guide of the organisation. He is nominated by the predecessor.The six individuals who have held the post so far have been...

" (supreme chief) of the Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh
Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh
Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh or National Patriotic Organization), also known the Sangh, is a right-wing Hindu nationalist, paramilitary, volunteer, and allegedly militant organization for Hindu males in India...

 a social and cultural organization of India
India
India , officially the Republic of India , is a country in South Asia. It is the seventh-largest country by geographical area, the second-most populous country with over 1.2 billion people, and the most populous democracy in the world...

.

Golwalkar was born on 19 February 1906 at Ramtek
Ramtek
Ramtek is a city and a municipal council in Nagpur district in the Indian state of Maharashtra.-History:Ramtek has got Historic temple of lord Rama. It is believed that Ramtek was the place where Rama, the Hindu god, rested while he was in exile. Legend has it that the aashram of great hindu sage...

 near Nagpur
Nagpur
Nāgpur is a city and winter capital of the state of Maharashtra, the largest city in central India and third largest city in Maharashtra after Mumbai and Pune...

, Maharashtra
Maharashtra
Maharashtra is a state located in India. It is the second most populous after Uttar Pradesh and third largest state by area in India...

 -- the only surviving son of the nine children of his parents: Sadashivrao, a school teacher and Lakshmibai.
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Quotations

The Christians committed all sorts of atrocities on the Jews by giving them the label “Killers of Christ”. Hitler is not an exception but a culmination of the 2000-year long oppression of the Jews by the Christians

Encyclopedia
Madhav Sadashiv Golwalkar ( Mādhav Sadāśiv Gōḷavalakar) (February 19, 1906 - June 5, 1973), popularly known as Pujyaniya Guru
Guru
A guru is one who is regarded as having great knowledge, wisdom, and authority in a certain area, and who uses it to guide others . Other forms of manifestation of this principle can include parents, school teachers, non-human objects and even one's own intellectual discipline, if the...

ji
, was the second "Sarsanghchalak
Sarsanghchalak
The Sarsanghchalak is the paramount leader of the Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh.He is supposed to be the Philosophical guide of the organisation. He is nominated by the predecessor.The six individuals who have held the post so far have been...

" (supreme chief) of the Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh
Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh
Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh or National Patriotic Organization), also known the Sangh, is a right-wing Hindu nationalist, paramilitary, volunteer, and allegedly militant organization for Hindu males in India...

 a social and cultural organization of India
India
India , officially the Republic of India , is a country in South Asia. It is the seventh-largest country by geographical area, the second-most populous country with over 1.2 billion people, and the most populous democracy in the world...

.

Early years


Golwalkar was born on 19 February 1906 at Ramtek
Ramtek
Ramtek is a city and a municipal council in Nagpur district in the Indian state of Maharashtra.-History:Ramtek has got Historic temple of lord Rama. It is believed that Ramtek was the place where Rama, the Hindu god, rested while he was in exile. Legend has it that the aashram of great hindu sage...

 near Nagpur
Nagpur
Nāgpur is a city and winter capital of the state of Maharashtra, the largest city in central India and third largest city in Maharashtra after Mumbai and Pune...

, Maharashtra
Maharashtra
Maharashtra is a state located in India. It is the second most populous after Uttar Pradesh and third largest state by area in India...

 -- the only surviving son of the nine children of his parents: Sadashivrao, a school teacher and Lakshmibai. As a school teacher his father Sadashivrao was transferred to various places and as such Madhav also accompanied him with the family. Thus Madhav's schooling was held in various places including Saraipali (now in Chhattisgarh). Sadshivrao was stung by poverty in his early days, but Madhav was quite brilliant from childhood -- even reading Shakespeare in full during primary education.

Golwalkar completed his Bachelor of Science and Master of Science degrees in 1926 and 1928, respectively, with first class in Zoology
Zoology
Zoology |zoölogy]]), is the branch of biology that relates to the animal kingdom, including the structure, embryology, evolution, classification, habits, and distribution of all animals, both living and extinct...

 at Banaras Hindu University
Banaras Hindu University
Banaras Hindu University is a public university located in Varanasi, India and is one of the Central Universities of India. It is the largest residential university in Asia, with over 24,000 students in its campus. BHU was founded in 1916 by Pandit Madan Mohan Malviya under the Parliamentary...

 (BHU) founded by Pandit Madan Mohan Malaviya. He attempted to write a thesis on Marine Life but was unable to complete as he was cash-strapped. Later, he became a teacher (respectfully called Guruji in Hindi) at BHU; and the Hindi moniker has remained with him ever since. Then, Golwalkarji came into contact with the Ramakrishna Mission
Ramakrishna Mission
Ramakrishna Math and Ramakrishna Mission are twin organizations which form the core of a worldwide spiritual movement known as Ramakrishna Movement or Vedanta Movement. The Ramakrishna Mission is a philanthropic, volunteer organization founded by Ramakrishna's chief disciple Swami Vivekananda on...

 at [Nagpur]. After his teaching tenure ended, he returned to Nagpur
Nagpur
Nāgpur is a city and winter capital of the state of Maharashtra, the largest city in central India and third largest city in Maharashtra after Mumbai and Pune...

; by 1935, he even finished studying law and obtained L.L.B. Degree.

On 13 January 1937, Guruji was initiated by Swami Akhandananda
Akhandananda
Swami Akhandananda was a direct disciple of Ramakrishna Paramahamsa, a 19th century mystic. He was the third president of the Ramakrishna Mission, a philanthropic and spiritual organization...

, a direct disciple of Shri Ramakrishna Paramahamsa and gurubandhu of Swami Vivekananda
Swami Vivekananda
Swami Vivekananda , born Narendranath Dutta , was the chief disciple of the 19th century mystic Ramakrishna Paramahansa and the founder of the Ramakrishna Math and the Ramakrishna Mission...

. Shri Golwalkar eventually received his 'diksha
Diksha
Diksa also spelled deeksha or deeksa in common usage, translated as a "preparation or consecration for a religious ceremony", is giving of a mantra or an initiation by the guru in Indian religions such as Hinduism, Buddhism, and Jainism...

'

Involvement with the RSS


In the meantime, Bhaiyyaji Dani, a student at BHU and a close associate of RSS sarsanghachalak K. B. Hedgewar
K. B. Hedgewar
Keshav Baliram Hedgewar was the founder of the Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh . Hedgewar founded the RSS in Nagpur, Maharashtra in 1925, with the intention of promoting the concept of the Hindu nation...

, started an RSS shakha
Shakha
A shakha , is a Hindu theological school that specializes in learning certain Vedic texts, or else the traditional texts followed by such a school. An individual follower of a particular school or recension is called a ...

(branch). Golwalkar joined the RSS and eventually, following a meeting with Dr.Hedgewar, went to the RSS' "Officers Training Camp" in Nagpur
Nagpur
Nāgpur is a city and winter capital of the state of Maharashtra, the largest city in central India and third largest city in Maharashtra after Mumbai and Pune...

.

Dr. Hedgewar was deeply impressed by Golwalkar and seeing him as a potential successor, persuaded him to take a more active role in the Sangh. On his new role, Golwalkar said: “Like spirituality, organization of the Nation has also been my inclination from early days. I believe that I would be in a better position to achieve it successfully being a part of the Sangh.”. In 1939, he was appointed the Sarkaryavah (General Secretary) of the Sangh.

Dr. Hedgewar eventually died of multiple complications on June 21, 1940, and Golwalkar succeeded him as sarsanghachalak as per the wishes of Dr. Hedgewar, that he had expressed in a letter, that was requested to be opened only after his [(Dr. Hedgewar)] death.

Golwalkar was the force behind the formation of the organisations that comprise today the numerous network of socio-cultural activities in the entire country, popularly referred to as Sangh Parivar
Sangh Parivar
The Sangh Parivar refers to the family of organisations of Hindu nationalists which have been started by members of the Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh or are inspired by its ideas. The Sangh Parivar represents the Hindu nationalist movement. It includes the RSS and several dozen smaller...

.

His complete works are now available in different Indian languages and English.

Golwalkar on Hindu-Muslim relations


"Bunch of thoughts" -- Madhav Sadhashiv Golwalkar (Page no 489)
Question and Answer session:

(Talk with Dr Saifuddin Jeelany, Journalist and noted Arabic scholar, Calcutta – February 1971)

Q: Don’t you think that a solution to the Hindu – Muslim problem must be found especially at this critical moment when the country is faced with dangers from all sides?

A: So far as the work for the country is concerned, I do not differentiate between Hindus and Muslims. But how do people look at this problem? Probably these days everyone has become a political animal. Everyone thinks that he would be able to push forward his claims or privileges for his own community by exploiting political situations. If this could be remedied and the people became patriotic from a political, with only patriotic point of view, then all troubles will end in no time.

Criticism and counter-criticism


Critics that accused Golwalkar of fascism
Fascism
Fascism is a radical authoritarian nationalist political ideology. Fascists seek to rejuvenate their nation based on commitment to the national community as an organic entity, in which individuals are bound together in national identity by suprapersonal connections of ancestry, culture, and blood...

 have often pointed to his extreme right-wing views. In his 1939 book, "We, Our Nationhood Defined", Golwalkar appears to express praise of Hitler, saying:
However, Golwalkar also denounced antisemitism:
As for his views on Zionism
Zionism
Zionism is a Jewish political movement that, in its broadest sense, has supported the self-determination of the Jewish people in a sovereign Jewish national homeland. Since the establishment of the State of Israel, the Zionist movement continues primarily to advocate on behalf of the Jewish state...

 and Israel
Israel
The State of Israel is a parliamentary republic located in the Middle East, along the eastern shore of the Mediterranean Sea...

, Golwalkar was supportive of the Zionist movement and also supported the creation of Israel as a Jewish State:
Vincent Kundukulam, a Christian priest at St. Joseph Pontifical Seminary in Aluva, Kerala, has written a Ph.D thesis in Sorbonne University, Paris, France, that claims RSS to be neither nationalist nor fascist. He states that that RSS cannot be considered as a nationalist organisation in the sense in which the term 'nationalism' is generally interpreted in India. He points out that Indian nationalism and religion are mutually exclusive. Since RSS's primary loyalty is to the Hindus, it can't be called 'nationalist'. He also argues against branding the RSS ideology as "Fascism", "Nazism", "Fundamentalism" and "Communalism". He said the terms fascism, Nazism, and fundamentalism are much abused terms in India. They have a different connotation and meaning in the European context that don't apply to an Indian sociopolitical context. He argues that since communalism is not a part of religion, RSS can be called "communal" only in a limited way.

External links