Lord Warden of the Cinque Ports

Lord Warden of the Cinque Ports

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The Lord Warden of the Cinque Ports is a ceremonial official in the United Kingdom
United Kingdom
The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern IrelandIn the United Kingdom and Dependencies, other languages have been officially recognised as legitimate autochthonous languages under the European Charter for Regional or Minority Languages...

. The post dates from at least the 12th century but may be older. The Lord Warden of the Cinque Ports was originally in charge of the Cinque Ports
Cinque Ports
The Confederation of Cinque Ports is a historic series of coastal towns in Kent and Sussex. It was originally formed for military and trade purposes, but is now entirely ceremonial. It lies at the eastern end of the English Channel, where the crossing to the continent is narrowest...

, a group of five port towns on the southeast coast of England. Today the role is a sinecure
Sinecure
A sinecure means an office that requires or involves little or no responsibility, labour, or active service...

 and an honorary title
Title of honor
An honorary title or title of honor is a title bestowed upon individuals or organizations as an award in recognition of their merits.Sometimes the title bears the same or nearly the same name as a title of authority, but the person bestowed does not have to carry any duties, possibly except for...

, and today 14 towns belong to the Cinque Ports confederation. The title is one of the higher honours bestowed by the Sovereign
British monarchy
The monarchy of the United Kingdom is the constitutional monarchy of the United Kingdom and its overseas territories. The present monarch, Queen Elizabeth II, has reigned since 6 February 1952. She and her immediate family undertake various official, ceremonial and representational duties...

. It has often been held by members of the Royal Family
British Royal Family
The British Royal Family is the group of close relatives of the monarch of the United Kingdom. The term is also commonly applied to the same group of people as the relations of the monarch in her or his role as sovereign of any of the other Commonwealth realms, thus sometimes at variance with...

 or Prime Ministers
Prime Minister of the United Kingdom
The Prime Minister of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland is the Head of Her Majesty's Government in the United Kingdom. The Prime Minister and Cabinet are collectively accountable for their policies and actions to the Sovereign, to Parliament, to their political party and...

, especially those who have been influential in defending Britain at times of war.

The Lord Warden was solely responsible for the return of all writs to the Crown, along with the collection of taxes and the arrest of criminals. His court was held in St James's church, near Dover Castle
Dover Castle
Dover Castle is a medieval castle in the town of the same name in the English county of Kent. It was founded in the 12th century and has been described as the "Key to England" due to its defensive significance throughout history...

, and there he exercised jurisdiction broadly equivalent to that of Chancery
Court of Chancery
The Court of Chancery was a court of equity in England and Wales that followed a set of loose rules to avoid the slow pace of change and possible harshness of the common law. The Chancery had jurisdiction over all matters of equity, including trusts, land law, the administration of the estates of...

. He also had a "lieutenant's powers of muster ", and the Constableship of Dover Castle, later added to the Warden's office, enabled him to keep a garrison and administrative staff, including the Clerk and the Lieutenant of the Castle.

The coat of arms of the Cinque Ports first appeared in 1305, second amongst the earliest English known heraldic
Heraldry
Heraldry is the profession, study, or art of creating, granting, and blazoning arms and ruling on questions of rank or protocol, as exercised by an officer of arms. Heraldry comes from Anglo-Norman herald, from the Germanic compound harja-waldaz, "army commander"...

 emblems, predating even the coat of arms of the City of London. The coat of arms of the Cinque Ports displays three ships' hulls and three lions passant guardant conjoined to these hulls, all in gold. These may originally have been Gules
Gules
In heraldry, gules is the tincture with the colour red, and belongs to the class of dark tinctures called "colours". In engraving, it is sometimes depicted as a region of vertical lines or else marked with gu. as an abbreviation....

 three lions passant gardant in pale Or
(for England) dimidiating Gules three ships' hulks in pale Or. The coat of arms of the Confederation of the Cinque Ports is set out on a red and blue background and traditionally represents the 14 'Corporate' Members.

Creation and appointment of the Lord Warden


The creation and appointment of the Lord Warden, once the most powerful appointment of the realm, by the Sovereign was instituted principally after the portsmen sided with the Earl of Leicester
Simon de Montfort, 6th Earl of Leicester
Simon de Montfort, 6th Earl of Leicester, 1st Earl of Chester , sometimes referred to as Simon V de Montfort to distinguish him from other Simon de Montforts, was an Anglo-Norman nobleman. He led the barons' rebellion against King Henry III of England during the Second Barons' War of 1263-4, and...

 against King Henry III
Henry III of England
Henry III was the son and successor of John as King of England, reigning for 56 years from 1216 until his death. His contemporaries knew him as Henry of Winchester. He was the first child king in England since the reign of Æthelred the Unready...

, in the Second Barons' War
Second Barons' War
The Second Barons' War was a civil war in England between the forces of a number of barons led by Simon de Montfort, against the Royalist forces led by Prince Edward , in the name of Henry III.-Causes:...

, and was intended to provide some central authority over the Cinque Ports, which were essentially otherwise independent of the King's sheriffs. It was combined with the office of Constable of Dover Castle. However from 1708 Walmer Castle
Walmer Castle
Walmer Castle was built by Henry VIII in 1539–1540 as an artillery fortress to counter the threat of invasion from Catholic France and Spain. It was part of his programme to create a chain of coastal defences along England's coast known as the Device Forts or as Henrician Castles...

 at Deal was to be preferred as the official residence of the Lord Warden of the Cinque Ports. The Lord Warden also holds the office of Admiral of the Cinque Ports with a maritime jurisdiction extending to the middle of the English Channel, from Redcliffe near Seaford, in Sussex
Sussex
Sussex , from the Old English Sūþsēaxe , is an historic county in South East England corresponding roughly in area to the ancient Kingdom of Sussex. It is bounded on the north by Surrey, east by Kent, south by the English Channel, and west by Hampshire, and is divided for local government into West...

 to Shoe Beacon in Essex
Essex
Essex is a ceremonial and non-metropolitan county in the East region of England, and one of the home counties. It is located to the northeast of Greater London. It borders with Cambridgeshire and Suffolk to the north, Hertfordshire to the west, Kent to the South and London to the south west...

.

The courts of Brodhull and Guestling were established to protect the privileges of the Cinque Ports by the portsmen themselves. From the 15th century these courts had been largely replaced by the Lord Warden's Court at Dover. From the 16th century the principal business of the courts was the installation the Lord Warden and the court is now only occasionally summoned. The office continued to be a powerful one. In 1550 the Mayor and Jurats of Dover refused to accept a Royal Writ because it was not accompanied by a letter of attendance from the Lord Warden. The member ports' parliamentary representatives were appointed by the Lord Warden at first; this influence continued until the 19th century.

At the installation of a new Lord Warden, the Speaker of the Confederation of the Cinque Ports instructs the Lord Warden: "to undertake the duties of the Ancient and Honourable Office and to uphold the Franchises, Liberties, Customs and Usages of the port."

The office of Speaker has traditionally rotated between the affiliate townships every year dating from at least 1550. Inaugurations are begun on 21 May, and membership is ordained through a longstanding maritime tradition of a principle of the prevailing winds coming from west to east.

The position of Lord Warden and Admiral of the Cinque Ports is the most ancient military honour available in England. Of the 158 holders of the office, only three have to date been commoners.

A unique uniform is specified for the Lord Warden (though the present incumbent wears his naval uniform
Royal Navy uniform
The uniforms of the Royal Navy have evolved gradually since the first uniform regulations for officers were issued in 1748. The predominant colours of Royal Navy uniforms are navy blue and white...

 in preference). The uniform is very similar to a pre-1956-pattern Admiral's uniform (complete with cocked hat) trimmed in red and with Cinque Ports insignia. Sir Robert Menzies's uniform (pictured), which he wore as Lord Warden from 1966-1978, is preserved at the National Library of Australia
National Library of Australia
The National Library of Australia is the largest reference library of Australia, responsible under the terms of the National Library Act for "maintaining and developing a national collection of library material, including a comprehensive collection of library material relating to Australia and the...

.

Barons of the Cinque Ports


All Freemen of the Ports, termed "Portsmen", were deemed in the age of Feudalism
Feudalism
Feudalism was a set of legal and military customs in medieval Europe that flourished between the 9th and 15th centuries, which, broadly defined, was a system for ordering society around relationships derived from the holding of land in exchange for service or labour.Although derived from the...

 to be baron
Baron
Baron is a title of nobility. The word baron comes from Old French baron, itself from Old High German and Latin baro meaning " man, warrior"; it merged with cognate Old English beorn meaning "nobleman"...

s, and thus members of the baronage
Baronage
The baronage is the collectively inclusive term denoting all members of the feudal nobility, as observed by the constitutional authority Edward Coke. It was replaced eventually by the term “peerage”-Origin:...

 entitled to attend the king's parliament
Parliament
A parliament is a legislature, especially in those countries whose system of government is based on the Westminster system modeled after that of the United Kingdom. The name is derived from the French , the action of parler : a parlement is a discussion. The term came to mean a meeting at which...

. Termed "Barons of the Cinque Ports", they reflected an early concept that military service at sea constituted land tenure per baroniam making them quasi feudal baron
English feudal barony
In England, a feudal barony or barony by tenure was a form of Feudal land tenure, namely per baroniam under which the land-holder owed the service of being one of the king's barons. It must be distinguished from a barony, also feudal, but which existed within a county palatine, such as the Barony...

s. The early 14th.c. treatise Modus Tenendi Parliamentum stated the Barons of the Cinque Ports to hold a place of precedence below the lay magnates but above the representatives of the shire
Shire
A shire is a traditional term for a division of land, found in the United Kingdom and in Australia. In parts of Australia, a shire is an administrative unit, but it is not synonymous with "county" there, which is a land registration unit. Individually, or as a suffix in Scotland and in the far...

s and borough
Borough
A borough is an administrative division in various countries. In principle, the term borough designates a self-governing township although, in practice, official use of the term varies widely....

s. Writ
Writ
In common law, a writ is a formal written order issued by a body with administrative or judicial jurisdiction; in modern usage, this body is generally a court...

s of summons to parliament were sent to the warden following which representative barons of the Cinque Ports were selected to attend parliament. Thus the warden's duty in this respect was similar to that of the sheriff
Sheriff
A sheriff is in principle a legal official with responsibility for a county. In practice, the specific combination of legal, political, and ceremonial duties of a sheriff varies greatly from country to country....

 who received the writs for distribution to the barons in the shire
Shire
A shire is a traditional term for a division of land, found in the United Kingdom and in Australia. In parts of Australia, a shire is an administrative unit, but it is not synonymous with "county" there, which is a land registration unit. Individually, or as a suffix in Scotland and in the far...

s. The warden and barons often experienced clashes of jurisdiction. In the 21st.c. the title "Baron of the Cinque Ports" is now reserved for Freemen elected by the Mayor, Jurats, and Common Council of the Ports to attend a Coronation, and is solely honorary in nature.

List of Lords Warden of the Cinque Ports


The first authoritative list of Cinque Ports Confederation Members was produced in 1293 when Stephen of Pencester was Warden. The Lord Warden of the Cinque Ports is appointed for life, but in the earliest of records this was not the case. The office of Lord Warden of the Cinque Ports has been traced from the year 1226 from the appointment William de Averanch, although he was not the first incumbent of this office. The longest term of office was that of William Brook, Lord Cobham, who presided at the court for 40 years.

13th Century

  • William de Warenne, 5th Earl of Surrey 1204–06 and 1214
  • Hubert de Burgh, 1st Earl of Kent
    Hubert de Burgh, 1st Earl of Kent
    Hubert de Burgh, 1st Earl of Kent was Earl of Kent, Justiciar of England and Ireland, and one of the most influential men in England during the reigns of John and Henry III.-Birth and family:...

     1215
  • Geoffery de Lucy 1224 (1230)
  • William de Averanch 1226
  • Robert de Ayberville
    Robert de Ayberville
    Robert de Auberville was appointed to the position of Keeper of the coast, then the name given to the office of Lord Warden of the Cinque Ports in the year 1228. He was responsible for the general security of the ports between Sandwich and Portsmouth....

     1228
  • Peter de Rivaux
    Peter de Rivaux
    Peter de Rivaux or Peter de Rivalis was an influential Poitevin courtier at the court of Henry III of England. He was related to Peter des Roches, being a nephew ....

     1232-34
  • Walerland Teutonicus
    Walerland Teutonicus
    Walerland Teutonicus was Lord Warden of the Cinque Ports during the thirteenth century.A feature of British maritime history of this period was the appointment, generally by county, of one or more "keepers of the coast", which led in time to the consolidation of the powers of the Lord Warden of the...

     1235
  • Bertram de Crioill
    Bertram de Crioill
    Bertram de Crioill was a mid-13th-century Englishman who served as Lord Warden of the Cinque Ports.Virtually nothing is known about him or his appointment as Lord Warden of the Cinque Ports, but the Patent Rolls of Henry III for the year 1250 record a "Grant to Bertram de Crioill of the residue of...

     1236 (intermittently until 1255)
  • Henry Hose
    Henry Hose
    The Hussey family, after 1066, settled in Dorset, but were also found in Berkshire, Wiltshire and Somerset. In medieval England the name of Hussey was generally spelt as 'Hose', evolving into Hoese, Huse, Husee, and thence to Hussey, and in Latin was first known as Hosatus....

  • Lord de Segrove
  • Peter de Savoy 1241
  • Reginald de Cobham, 1st Baron Cobham
    Reginald de Cobham, 1st Baron Cobham
    Reginald de Cobham, 1st Baron Cobham, KG was an English soldier and diplomat.-Life:He was the son of Sir Reginald de Cobham by Joan, the daughter and heir of William de Evere...

     1255
  • Sir Roger Northwode
    Roger Northwode
    Sir Roger de Northwode , 2nd Baron Northwode, held the posts of Warden of the Cinque Ports and Baron of the Exchequer.Sir Roger de Northwode was a son of Sir Stephen de Northwode, Knight and his wife, Joan...

  • Nicholas de Moels
    Nicholas de Moels
    Nicholas de Moels was a medieval Norman administrator in Somerset.He was born about 1195. He married, as her 2nd. husband, Hawise de Newmarch, younger daughter & co-heiress of James de Newmarch feudal baron of North Cadbury, Somerset, in about 1224...

     1258
  • Richard de Grey
    Richard de Grey
    Richard de Grey of Codnor, Derbyshire, was a landowner who held many important positions during the reign of Henry III of England, including governor of the Channel Islands and later both constable of Dover Castle and Warden of the Cinque Ports from 1258 irregularly to 1264.-Family:Richard, 1 Dec...

     1258
  • Hugh de Bigod
    Hugh Bigod (Justiciar)
    Hugh Bigod was Justiciar of England from 1258 to 1260. He was a younger son of Hugh Bigod, 3rd Earl of Norfolk.In 1258 the Provisions of Oxford established a baronial government of which Hugh's elder brother Roger Bigod, 4th Earl of Norfolk was a leading member, and Hugh was appointed Chief...

     1259-60
  • Nicholas de Croill
    Nicholas de Croill
    Nicholas de Croill was Warden of the Cinque Ports during the 13th century.In 1263 the Constable of Dover Castle was Robert de Glastonia, who was instructed to assist Nicholas de Croill, Keeper of the Coast from 1260 by providing him a place at the Castle 'where he could be received on his return...

     1260
  • Robert de Walerand 1261
  • Walter de Burgsted
    Walter de Burgsted
    Walter de Burgsted was Lord Warden of the Cinque Ports during the thirteenth century.In 1262 Walter de Burgsted was given a commission 'to keep the Cinque Ports', effectively authorising him control of the South Coast, and charging him with maintaining its defences.At this time the office of Lord...

     1262
  • Hamo de Crevequer
    Hamo de Crevequer
    Hamo de Crevequer was a Norman nobleman who held the office of Lord Warden of the Cinque Ports.Gerinun de Holeburn was in 1263 one of a jury of twelve assembled lawfully to conclude upon an ‘inquisition into how much land ‘Hamo de Creuker’, Baron of Chatham, deceased, held of our Lord the King,...

     1263
  • Humphrey de Bohun, 3rd Earl of Hereford
    Humphrey de Bohun, 3rd Earl of Hereford
    Humphrey de Bohun , 3rd Earl of Hereford and 2nd Earl of Essex, was an English nobleman known primarily for his opposition to King Edward I over the Confirmatio Cartarum. He was also an active participant in the Welsh Wars and maintained for several years a private feud with the earl of Gloucester...

     about 1264?
  • Edmund Crouchback, 1st Earl of Lancaster
    Edmund Crouchback, 1st Earl of Lancaster
    Edmund of Crouchback, 1st Earl of Leicester and Lancaster , was the second surviving son of King Henry III of England and Eleanor of Provence. In his childhood he had a claim on the Kingdom of Sicily. His nickname refers to his participation in the Ninth Crusade.-Childhood:Edmund was born in London...

    ???
  • Henry de Sandwich
    Henry de Sandwich
    Sir Henry de Sandwich was Lord Warden of the Cinque Ports during the 13th century.He was a son of Simon de Sandwich of Preston in Kent, where Henry was born, and also held the post of Constable of Dover Castle.He married Joan d'Auberville...

     ???
  • John de Haia???
  • Sir Roger de Leybourne
    Roger de Leybourne
    Sir Roger de Leybourne was a British soldier and landowner. He was the son of another Sir Roger de Leybourne and his wife Eleanor, the daughter and heir of Stephen of Thornham. In 1199 when the elder Roger was still a minor his wardship was sold to Thornham for 300 marks...

    ???
  • Henry de Montfort
    Henry de Montfort
    Sir Henry de Montfort was the son of Simon de Montfort, 6th Earl of Leicester, and with his father played an important role in the struggle of the barons against King Henry III...

     1264?
  • Matthew de Hastings 1265
  • Edward "Longshanks", Earl of Chester
    Edward I of England
    Edward I , also known as Edward Longshanks and the Hammer of the Scots, was King of England from 1272 to 1307. The first son of Henry III, Edward was involved early in the political intrigues of his father's reign, which included an outright rebellion by the English barons...

     1265
  • Sir Matthew de Bezille 1266
  • Stephen de Pencester
    Stephen de Pencester
    Stephen de Pencester was Warden of the Cinque Ports when the first authoritative list of Cinque Ports Confederation Members was produced in 1293....

     1267-71, then at intervals until 1298 (32 years)
  • Robert de Burghersh, 1st Baron Burghersh
    Robert de Burghersh, 1st Baron Burghersh
    Robert de Burghersh, 1st Baron Burghersh, was born between 1252 and 1256, at Burghersh, in Sussex, England, and died in 1306.He married Maud de Badlesmere Robert de Burghersh, 1st Baron Burghersh, was born between 1252 and 1256, at Burghersh, in Sussex, England, and died in 1306.He married Maud de...

     1299-1306

14th Century

  • Henry de Cobham, 1st Baron Cobham
    Henry de Cobham, 1st Baron Cobham
    Henry de Cobham, 1st Baron Cobham was the son of John de Cobham of Cobham, Kent, and of Cowling or Cooling, Kent Sheriff of Kent, Constable of Rochester and Chief Baron of the Exchequer, by wife Joan de Septvans, daughter of Sir Robert de Septvans.His father was a brother of Sir Henry de Cobham,...

     1307
  • Robert de Kendall 1307
  • Henry de Cobham, 1st Baron Cobham
    Henry de Cobham, 1st Baron Cobham
    Henry de Cobham, 1st Baron Cobham was the son of John de Cobham of Cobham, Kent, and of Cowling or Cooling, Kent Sheriff of Kent, Constable of Rochester and Chief Baron of the Exchequer, by wife Joan de Septvans, daughter of Sir Robert de Septvans.His father was a brother of Sir Henry de Cobham,...

     1315
  • Bartholomew de Badlesmere, 1st Baron Badlesmere
    Bartholomew de Badlesmere, 1st Baron Badlesmere
    Bartholomew de Badlesmere, 1st Baron Badlesmere , English nobleman, was the son and heir of Gunselm de Badlesmere , and fought in the English army both in France and Scotland during the later years of the reign of Edward I of England.-Life:In 1307 he became governor of Bristol Castle. Edward II...

     1320
  • Hugh le Despenser, 1st Earl of Winchester
    Hugh le Despenser, 1st Earl of Winchester
    Hugh le Despenser , sometimes referred to as "the Elder Despenser", was for a time the chief adviser to King Edward II of England....

     1320
  • Edmund "of Woodstock", Earl of Kent
    Edmund of Woodstock, 1st Earl of Kent
    Edmund of Woodstock, 1st Earl of Kent was a member of the English Royal Family.-Early life:He was born at Woodstock in Oxfordshire, the son of Edward I Longshanks, King of England and his second wife, Margaret of France. He was 62 years younger than his father, who died when Edmund of Woodstock...

     1321
  • Sir John Peche
    John Peche
    John Peche was Lord Warden of the Cinque Ports from 1323 to 1325. He was born in Wormleighton, Warwickshire, England. He died between 1335 and 1340....

     1323
  • Ralph Basset, 3rd Baron Basset de Drayton 1325
  • Bartholomew de Burghersh, 1st Baron Burghersh
    Bartholomew de Burghersh, 1st Baron Burghersh
    Bartholomew de Burghersh, 1st Baron Burghersh , English nobleman and soldier, was a younger son of Robert de Burghersh, 1st Baron Burghersh and Maud de Badlesmere, sister of Bartholomew de Badlesmere, 1st Baron Badlesmere....

     1327
  • William de Clinton, 1st Earl of Huntingdon
    William de Clinton, 1st Earl of Huntingdon
    William de Clinton, 1st Earl of Huntingdon and Lord High Admiral, was the younger son of Baron John Clinton of Maxstoke and Ida De Odingsells, who was a great-great-granddaughter of Henry II. The Clintons were a great Norman family who had arrived with William the Conqueror in 1066...

     1330
  • Bartholomew de Burghersh, 1st Baron Burghersh
    Bartholomew de Burghersh, 1st Baron Burghersh
    Bartholomew de Burghersh, 1st Baron Burghersh , English nobleman and soldier, was a younger son of Robert de Burghersh, 1st Baron Burghersh and Maud de Badlesmere, sister of Bartholomew de Badlesmere, 1st Baron Badlesmere....

     1348
  • Patrick Dunbar, 2nd Earl of March 1355
  • John Beauchamp, 3rd Baron Beauchamp 1359
  • Sir Robert de Herle
    Robert de Herle
    Robert de Herle was Lord Warden of the Cinque Ports during the mid-14th century.He was the son of William de Herle ....

     1361
  • Baron Spigurnell 1364
  • Richard de Peinbrugge (Sir)
  • Andrew de Guldeford
    Andrew de Guldeford
    Andrew de Guldeford was Lord Warden of the Cinque Ports at some time between 1364 to 1376, probably from 1371 to 1372.On 28 August 1343, King Edward III ruled on an action involving Guldeford which was regarded as piracy. English conflict with Scotland had made the Isle of Man a target for the...

  • William Latimer, 4th Baron Latimer
    William Latimer, 4th Baron Latimer
    William Latimer, 4th Baron Latimer, KG was an English noble, soldier and diplomat. After serving in France and for the household of Edward III, he was impeached during the Good Parliament of 1376, the earliest recorded impeachment in the Parliament of England.-Early life and service in France:Born...

     1374
  • Sir Thomas Reines
  • Edmund of Langley, Earl of Cambridge
    Edmund of Langley, 1st Duke of York
    Edmund of Langley, 1st Duke of York, 1st Earl of Cambridge, KG was a younger son of King Edward III of England and Philippa of Hainault, the fourth of the five sons who lived to adulthood, of this Royal couple. Like so many medieval princes, Edmund gained his identifying nickname from his...

     1376
  • Sir Robert Assheton 1381
  • Sir Simon de Burley
    Simon de Burley
    Sir Simon de Burley, KG was holder of the offices of Lord Warden of the Cinque Ports and Constable of Dover Castle between 1384-88, and was a Knight of the Garter....

     1384
  • John Devereux, 2nd Baron Devereux
    John Devereux, 2nd Baron Devereux
    John Devereux, 2nd Baron Devereux, KG, was an English peer during the reign of King Richard II.-Life:He was the son of William Devereux and a companion-in-arms of the Edward, the Black Prince. Under the prince's service he served in Aquitaine and sought at the siege of Limoges in 1370...

     1387
  • John Beaumont, 4th Baron Beaumont
    John Beaumont, 4th Baron Beaumont
    John Beaumont, 4th Baron Beaumont KG served in the Hundred Years' War against the partisans of Pope Clement VII.Beaumont was born in 1361 at the Duchy of Brabant to Henry Beaumont, 3rd Baron Beaumont and Margaret de Vere...

     1392
  • Edmund of Langley, 1st Duke of York
    Edmund of Langley, 1st Duke of York
    Edmund of Langley, 1st Duke of York, 1st Earl of Cambridge, KG was a younger son of King Edward III of England and Philippa of Hainault, the fourth of the five sons who lived to adulthood, of this Royal couple. Like so many medieval princes, Edmund gained his identifying nickname from his...

     1396
  • John Beaufort, 1st Marquess of Dorset
    John Beaufort, 1st Earl of Somerset
    John Beaufort, 1st Marquess of Somerset and 1st Marquess of Dorset, later only 1st Earl of Somerset, KG was the first of the four illegitimate children of John of Gaunt, 1st Duke of Lancaster, and his mistress Katherine Swynford, later his wife...

     1398
  • Sir Thomas Erpingham 1399

15th Century

  • Henry "of Monmouth", Prince of Wales
    Henry V of England
    Henry V was King of England from 1413 until his death at the age of 35 in 1422. He was the second monarch belonging to the House of Lancaster....

     1409
  • Thomas FitzAlan, 12th Earl of Arundel and 10th Earl of Surrey
    Thomas FitzAlan, 12th Earl of Arundel
    Thomas Fitzalan, 12th Earl of Arundel and 10th Earl of Surrey, KG was an English nobleman, one of the principals of the deposition of Richard II, and a major figure during the reign of Henry IV.-Lineage:...

     1412
  • Humphrey, Duke of Gloucester
    Humphrey, Duke of Gloucester
    Humphrey of Lancaster, 1st Duke of Gloucester, 1st Earl of Pembroke, KG , also known as Humphrey Plantagenet, was "son, brother and uncle of kings", being the fourth and youngest son of king Henry IV of England by his first wife, Mary de Bohun, brother to king Henry V of England, and uncle to the...

     1415
  • James Fiennes, 1st Baron Saye and Sele
    James Fiennes, 1st Baron Saye and Sele
    James Fiennes, 1st Baron Saye and Sele was an English soldier and politician, son of Sir William Fiennes and wife Elizabeth Batisford ....

     1447
  • Humphrey Stafford, 1st Duke of Buckingham
    Humphrey Stafford, 1st Duke of Buckingham
    Humphrey Stafford, 1st Duke of Buckingham KG , an English nobleman, great grandson of King Edward III on his mother's side, was best known as a military commander in the Hundred Years' War and in the Wars of the Roses....

     1450
  • Richard, Lord Rivers
    Richard Woodville, 1st Earl Rivers
    Richard Woodville , 1st Earl Rivers, KG was an English nobleman, best remembered as the father of Elizabeth Woodville, wife of Edward IV....

     1459
  • Richard Neville, 16th Earl of Warwick
    Richard Neville, 16th Earl of Warwick
    Richard Neville KG, jure uxoris 16th Earl of Warwick and suo jure 6th Earl of Salisbury and 8th and 5th Baron Montacute , known as Warwick the Kingmaker, was an English nobleman, administrator, and military commander...

     1460
  • Sir John Scott
    John Scott of Scott's Hall
    Sir John Scott was Warden of the Cinque Ports.Sir John was born at his family home of Scott's Hall at Brabourne in Kent, England . He was the grandfather of Sir William Scott...

     1471
  • Philip Fitz Lewes 1488
  • Sir William Scott
    William Scott of Scott's Hall
    Sir William Scott of Scott's Hall, Brabourne, Kent was Lord Warden of the Cinque Ports.Scott rose to favour following the seizure of the throne by Henry VII. Within a few years he had been appointed to the Privy Council, appointed Comptroller of the Household and in 1489 was created a Companion of...

     1492
  • Prince Henry, later King Henry VIII of England
    Henry VIII of England
    Henry VIII was King of England from 21 April 1509 until his death. He was Lord, and later King, of Ireland, as well as continuing the nominal claim by the English monarchs to the Kingdom of France...

     1493

16th Century

  • Sir Edward Poyning 1509
  • George Nevill, 5th Baron Bergavenny
    George Nevill, 5th Baron Bergavenny
    George Nevill, 5th and de jure 3rd Baron Bergavenny KG, PC was an English courtier. He held the office of Lord Warden of the Cinque Ports.-Life:...

     (appointed, but resigned)
  • Sir Edward Guilford
    Edward Guilford
    Sir Edward Guildford was an English courtier and Lord Warden of the Cinque Ports and Marshal of Calais in 1519.-Family:...

     (1474/9-1534)
  • George Boleyn, Viscount Rochford
    George Boleyn, Viscount Rochford
    George Boleyn, Viscount Rochford was an English courtier and nobleman, and the brother of queen consort Anne Boleyn...

     (1533)
  • Henry FitzRoy, 1st Duke of Richmond and Somerset
    Henry FitzRoy, 1st Duke of Richmond and Somerset
    Henry FitzRoy, 1st Duke of Richmond and Somerset was the son of King Henry VIII of England and his teenage mistress, Elizabeth Blount, the only illegitimate offspring whom Henry acknowledged.-Childhood:...

  • Sir Thomas Cheney
    Thomas Cheney
    Sir Thomas Cheney KG was the Lord Warden of the Cinque Ports in South-East England, from 1536 until his death.-Early life:...

     1535/1558
  • Arthur Plantagenet, 1st Viscount Lisle
    Arthur Plantagenet, 1st Viscount Lisle
    Arthur Plantagenet, 1st Viscount Lisle, KG was an illegitimate son of King Edward IV of England, and an important figure at the court of Henry VIII...

     1539-1542
  • Sir Thomas Seymour
    Thomas Seymour, 1st Baron Seymour of Sudeley
    Thomas Seymour, 1st Baron Seymour of Sudeley, KG was an English politician.Thomas spent his childhood in Wulfhall, outside Savernake Forest, in Wiltshire. Historian David Starkey describes Thomas thus: 'tall, well-built and with a dashing beard and auburn hair, he was irresistible to women'...

    , temporary joint Lord Wardenship between Cheney in 1545
  • William Brooke, 10th Baron Cobham
    William Brooke, 10th Baron Cobham
    William Brooke, 10th Baron Cobham was Lord Warden of the Cinque Ports, and a Member of Parliament for Hythe. Although he was viewed by some as a religious radical during the Somerset protectorate, he entertained Elizabeth at Cobham Hall in 1559, signalling his acceptance of the moderate regime.His...

  • Henry Brooke, 11th Baron Cobham
    Henry Brooke, 11th Baron Cobham
    Henry Brooke, 11th Baron Cobham was an English peer who was implicated in the Main Plot against the rule of James I of England.- Life :...

     (son of above) 1597

17th century

  • Henry Howard, 1st Earl of Northampton
    Henry Howard, 1st Earl of Northampton
    Henry Howard, 1st Earl of Northampton was a significant English aristocrat and courtier. He was suspect as a crypto-Catholic throughout his life, and went through periods of royal disfavour, in which his reputation suffered greatly. He was distinguished for learning, artistic culture and his...

     1604-1614
  • Robert Carr, 1st Earl of Somerset
    Robert Carr, 1st Earl of Somerset
    Robert Carr, 1st Earl of Somerset, , was a politician, and favourite of King James I of England.-Background:Robert Kerr was born in Wrington, Somerset, England the younger son of Sir Thomas Kerr of Ferniehurst, Scotland by his second wife, Janet, sister of Walter Scott of Buccleuch...

     1614-1615
  • Edward, Lord Zouche of Haryngworth
    Edward la Zouche, 11th Baron Zouche
    Edward la Zouche, 11th Baron Zouche, 12th Baron St Maur was an English diplomat.-Early Life:Zouche was the son of George la Zouche, 10th Baron Zouche and his wife Margaret, née Welby....

     1615-1625
  • George Villiers, 1st Duke of Buckingham
    George Villiers, 1st Duke of Buckingham
    George Villiers, 1st Duke of Buckingham KG was the favourite, claimed by some to be the lover, of King James I of England. Despite a very patchy political and military record, he remained at the height of royal favour for the first two years of the reign of Charles I, until he was assassinated...

     1625-1628
  • Theophilus Howard, 2nd Earl of Suffolk
    Theophilus Howard, 2nd Earl of Suffolk
    Theophilus Howard, 2nd Earl of Suffolk, KG was an English nobleman and politician.Born at the family estate of Saffron Walden, he was the son of Thomas Howard, 1st Earl of Suffolk, by his second wife Catherine Knyvet of Charlton, and succeeded his father in 1626.Sir Theophilus Howard was named in...

     1628-1640
  • James Stewart, Duke of Richmond and Lennox
    James Stewart, 1st Duke of Richmond
    James Stewart, 1st Duke of Richmond, 4th Duke of Lennox was a Scottish nobleman. He was the eldest son of Esmé Stewart, 3rd Duke of Lennox and his wife Katherine Clifton, 2nd Baroness Clifton....

     1641-1642
  • Sir Edward Boys 1642-1646
  • Major John Boys
    John Boys
    John Boys is best known as the Royalist captain who was the Governor of Donnington Castle in Berkshire during the English Civil War....

     1646-1648
  • Sir Algernon Sydney
    Algernon Sydney
    Algernon Sidney or Sydney was an English politician, republican political theorist, colonel, and opponent of King Charles II of England, who became involved in a plot against the King and was executed for treason.-Early life:Sidney's father was Robert Sidney, 2nd Earl of Leicester, a direct...

     1648-1651
  • Colonel Thomas Kelsey
    Thomas Kelsey
    Thomas Kelsey rose from obscurity as a "London tradesman" to become an important figure in the government of Oliver Cromwell.Kelsey enlisted in the New Model Army and fought on the side of Parliament during the English Civil War, displaying a zeal that led him to become a Major-General in 1645. He...

     1651-1656
  • Admiral Robert Blake
    Robert Blake (admiral)
    Robert Blake was one of the most important military commanders of the Commonwealth of England and one of the most famous English admirals of the 17th century. Blake is recognised as the chief founder of England's naval supremacy, a dominance subsequently inherited by the British Royal Navy into...

     1656-1657
  • Heneage Finch, 3rd Earl of Winchilsea
    Heneage Finch, 3rd Earl of Winchilsea
    Sir Heneage Finch, 3rd Earl of Winchilsea of Eastwell, Kent, was the 3rd Earl of Winchilsea.Finch was the son of Thomas Finch, 2nd Earl of Winchilsea, and the grandson of Elizabeth Finch, 1st Countess of Winchilsea. His first cousin was Heneage Finch, 1st Earl of Nottingham. He married four...

     1660 (unconfirmed term may have been father/son)
  • James Stuart, Duke of York and Albany
    James II of England
    James II & VII was King of England and King of Ireland as James II and King of Scotland as James VII, from 6 February 1685. He was the last Catholic monarch to reign over the Kingdoms of England, Scotland, and Ireland...

     1660-1673
  • Colonel John Beaumont 1673-1691
  • Henry Sydney, 1st Earl of Romney
    Henry Sydney, 1st Earl of Romney
    Henry Sydney , 1st Earl of Romney was born in Paris, a son of Robert Sidney, 2nd Earl of Leicester, of Penshurst Place in Kent, England, by Lady Dorothy Percy, a daughter of Henry Percy, 9th Earl of Northumberland and sister of Algernon Percy, 10th Earl of Northumberland.Henry was a brother of...

     1691-1702

18th century

  • Prince George of Denmark 1702-1708
  • Lionel Sackville, 7th Earl of Dorset
    Lionel Sackville, 1st Duke of Dorset
    Lionel Cranfield Sackville, 1st Duke of Dorset, PC was an English political leader and Lord Lieutenant of Ireland. He was the son of the 6th Earl of Dorset and 1st Earl of Middlesex and the former Lady Mary Compton, younger daughter of the 3rd Earl of Northampton...

     1708-1712 (served three terms)
  • James Butler, 2nd Duke of Ormonde
    James Butler, 2nd Duke of Ormonde
    James Butler, 2nd Duke of Ormonde KG KT was an Irish statesman and soldier. He was the third of the Kilcash branch of the family to inherit the earldom of Ormonde...

     1712-1715
  • John Sidney, 6th Earl of Leicester
    John Sidney, 6th Earl of Leicester
    John Sidney, 6th Earl of Leicester, PC was a Privy Councillor during the Georgian era.He was born and died at his family home of Penshurst Place in Kent and is buried at Penshurst. He was one of the five sons of Robert Sidney, 4th Earl of Leicester...

     1717-1727
  • Lionel Sackville, 1st Duke of Dorset
    Lionel Sackville, 1st Duke of Dorset
    Lionel Cranfield Sackville, 1st Duke of Dorset, PC was an English political leader and Lord Lieutenant of Ireland. He was the son of the 6th Earl of Dorset and 1st Earl of Middlesex and the former Lady Mary Compton, younger daughter of the 3rd Earl of Northampton...

     1727-1765
  • Robert Darcy, 4th Earl of Holderness
    Robert Darcy, 4th Earl of Holderness
    Robert Darcy, 4th Earl of Holderness PC , known before 1721 as Lord Darcy and Conyers, was a British diplomat and politician. From 1744 to 1746 he was ambassador at Venice and from 1749 to 1751 he represented his country at The Hague...

     1765-1778
  • Frederick North, Lord North
    Frederick North, Lord North
    Frederick North, 2nd Earl of Guilford, KG, PC , more often known by his courtesy title, Lord North, which he used from 1752 until 1790, was Prime Minister of Great Britain from 1770 to 1782. He led Great Britain through most of the American War of Independence...

     (2nd Earl of Guilford from 1790) 1778-1792
  • William Pitt the Younger
    William Pitt the Younger
    William Pitt the Younger was a British politician of the late 18th and early 19th centuries. He became the youngest Prime Minister in 1783 at the age of 24 . He left office in 1801, but was Prime Minister again from 1804 until his death in 1806...

     1792-1806

19th century

  • Robert Jenkinson, 2nd Earl of Liverpool
    Robert Jenkinson, 2nd Earl of Liverpool
    Robert Banks Jenkinson, 2nd Earl of Liverpool KG PC was a British politician and the longest-serving Prime Minister of the United Kingdom since the Union with Ireland in 1801. He was 42 years old when he became premier in 1812 which made him younger than all of his successors to date...

     1806-1827
  • Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington
    Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington
    Field Marshal Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington, KG, GCB, GCH, PC, FRS , was an Irish-born British soldier and statesman, and one of the leading military and political figures of the 19th century...

     1829-1852
  • James Broun-Ramsay, 1st Marquess of Dalhousie
    James Broun-Ramsay, 1st Marquess of Dalhousie
    James Andrew Broun-Ramsay, 1st Marquess of Dalhousie KT, PC was a Scottish statesman, and a colonial administrator in British India....

     1853-1860
  • Henry Temple, 3rd Viscount Palmerston
    Henry Temple, 3rd Viscount Palmerston
    Henry John Temple, 3rd Viscount Palmerston, KG, GCB, PC , known popularly as Lord Palmerston, was a British statesman who served twice as Prime Minister in the mid-19th century...

     1860-1865
  • Granville Leveson-Gower, 2nd Earl Granville
    Granville Leveson-Gower, 2nd Earl Granville
    Granville George Leveson Gower, 2nd Earl Granville KG, PC FRS , styled Lord Leveson until 1846, was a British Liberal statesman...

     1865-1891 (not installed?)
  • William Henry Smith 1891 (not installed?)
  • Frederick Hamilton-Temple-Blackwood, 1st Marquess of Dufferin and Ava
    Frederick Hamilton-Temple-Blackwood, 1st Marquess of Dufferin and Ava
    Frederick Hamilton-Temple-Blackwood, 1st Marquess of Dufferin and Ava, KP, GCB, GCSI, GCMG, GCIE, PC was a British public servant and prominent member of Victorian society...

     1892-1895
  • Robert Gascoyne-Cecil, 3rd Marquess of Salisbury
    Robert Gascoyne-Cecil, 3rd Marquess of Salisbury
    Robert Arthur Talbot Gascoyne-Cecil, 3rd Marquess of Salisbury, KG, GCVO, PC , styled Lord Robert Cecil before 1865 and Viscount Cranborne from June 1865 until April 1868, was a British Conservative statesman and thrice Prime Minister, serving for a total of over 13 years...

     1895-1903

20th century

  • George Curzon, 1st Baron Curzon of Kedleston
    George Curzon, 1st Marquess Curzon of Kedleston
    George Nathaniel Curzon, 1st Marquess Curzon of Kedleston, KG, GCSI, GCIE, PC , known as The Lord Curzon of Kedleston between 1898 and 1911 and as The Earl Curzon of Kedleston between 1911 and 1921, was a British Conservative statesman who was Viceroy of India and Foreign Secretary...

     1904-1905
  • The Prince George, Prince of Wales
    George V of the United Kingdom
    George V was King of the United Kingdom and the British Dominions, and Emperor of India, from 6 May 1910 through the First World War until his death in 1936....

     1905-1907
  • Thomas Brassey, 1st Earl Brassey
    Thomas Brassey, 1st Earl Brassey
    Thomas Brassey, 1st Earl Brassey GCB, JP, DL, TD , was a British Liberal Party politician, Governor of Victoria and founder of The Naval Annual.-Background and education:...

     1908-1913
  • William Lygon, 7th Earl Beauchamp
    William Lygon, 7th Earl Beauchamp
    William Lygon, 7th Earl Beauchamp KG, KCMG, PC , styled Viscount Elmley until 1891, was a British Liberal politician. He was Governor of New South Wales between 1899 and 1901, a member of the Liberal administrations of Sir Henry Campbell-Bannerman and H. H...

     1913-1934
  • Rufus Isaacs, 1st Marquess of Reading
    Rufus Isaacs, 1st Marquess of Reading
    Rufus Isaacs, 1st Marquess of Reading, GCB, GCSI, GCIE, GCVO, PC, KC , was an English lawyer, jurist and politician...

     1934-1935
  • Freeman Freeman-Thomas, 1st Marquess of Willingdon
    Freeman Freeman-Thomas, 1st Marquess of Willingdon
    Major Freeman Freeman-Thomas, 1st Marquess of Willingdon was a British Liberal politician and administrator who served as Governor General of Canada, the 13th since Canadian Confederation, and as Viceroy and Governor-General of India, the country's 22nd.Freeman-Thomas was born in England and...

     1936-1941
  • Sir Winston Churchill
    Winston Churchill
    Sir Winston Leonard Spencer-Churchill, was a predominantly Conservative British politician and statesman known for his leadership of the United Kingdom during the Second World War. He is widely regarded as one of the greatest wartime leaders of the century and served as Prime Minister twice...

     1941-1965
  • Sir Robert Menzies, former Prime Minister of Australia
    Robert Menzies
    Sir Robert Gordon Menzies, , Australian politician, was the 12th and longest-serving Prime Minister of Australia....

     1966-1978
  • Queen Elizabeth The Queen Mother
    Elizabeth Bowes-Lyon
    Elizabeth Angela Marguerite Bowes-Lyon was the queen consort of King George VI from 1936 until her husband's death in 1952, after which she was known as Queen Elizabeth The Queen Mother, to avoid confusion with her daughter, Queen Elizabeth II...

    1978-2002

Further reading

  • Body, Edward (1992) The Cinque Ports and Lords Warden : a history in verse and prose, Larkfield : Kent Messenger, ISBN 0-900893-13-3
  • Brentnall, Margaret (1972) The Cinque Ports and Romney Marsh, London : Gifford, ISBN 0-7071-0223-5

External links