Lives of the Most Excellent Painters, Sculptors, and Architects

Lives of the Most Excellent Painters, Sculptors, and Architects

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The Lives of the Most Excellent Italian Painters, Sculptors, and Architects, from Cimabue to Our Times, or Le Vite de' più eccellenti pittori, scultori, e architettori da Cimabue insino a' tempi nostri, as it was originally known in Italian, is a series of artist biographies written by 16th century Italian painter and architect Giorgio Vasari
Giorgio Vasari
Giorgio Vasari was an Italian painter, writer, historian, and architect, who is famous today for his biographies of Italian artists, considered the ideological foundation of art-historical writing.-Biography:...

, which is considered "perhaps the most famous, and even today the most- read work of the older literature of art", "some of the Italian Renaissance's most influential writing on art", and "one of the founding texts in art history
History of art
The History of art refers to visual art which may be defined as any activity or product made by humans in a visual form for aesthetical or communicative purposes, expressing ideas, emotions or, in general, a worldview...

". The title is often abridged to the Vite or the Lives.

Background


As the first Italian art historian, Vasari initiated the genre of an encyclopedia of artistic biographies that continues today. Vasari's work was first published in 1550 by Lorenzo Torrentino in Florence
Florence
Florence is the capital city of the Italian region of Tuscany and of the province of Florence. It is the most populous city in Tuscany, with approximately 370,000 inhabitants, expanding to over 1.5 million in the metropolitan area....

, and dedicated to Grand Duke Cosimo I de' Medici
Cosimo I de' Medici, Grand Duke of Tuscany
Cosimo I de' Medici was Duke of Florence from 1537 to 1574, reigning as the first Grand Duke of Tuscany from 1569.-Biography:...

. It included a valuable treatise on the technical methods employed in the arts. It was partly rewritten and enlarged in 1568 and provided with woodcut portraits of artists (some conjectural).

The work has a consistent and notorious favour of Florentines and tends to attribute to them all the new developments in Renaissance art—for example, the invention of engraving
Engraving
Engraving is the practice of incising a design on to a hard, usually flat surface, by cutting grooves into it. The result may be a decorated object in itself, as when silver, gold, steel, or glass are engraved, or may provide an intaglio printing plate, of copper or another metal, for printing...

. Venetian art in particular, let alone other parts of Europe, is systematically ignored. Between his first and second editions, Vasari visited Venice and the second edition gave more attention to Venetian art (finally including Titian
Titian
Tiziano Vecelli or Tiziano Vecellio Tiziano Vecelli or Tiziano Vecellio Tiziano Vecelli or Tiziano Vecellio (c. 1488/1490 – 27 August 1576 better known as Titian was an Italian painter, the most important member of the 16th-century Venetian school. He was born in Pieve di Cadore, near...

) without achieving a neutral point of view. John Symonds claimed in 1899 that "It is clear that Vasari often wrote with carelessness, confusing dates and places, and taking no pains to verify the truth of his assertions.", while acknowledging that despite these shortcomings, it is one of the basic sources for information on the Renaissance in Italy.

Vasari's biographies are interspersed with amusing gossip. Many of his anecdotes have the ring of truth, although likely inventions. Others are generic fictions, such as the tale of young Giotto painting a fly on the surface of a painting by Cimabue
Cimabue
Cimabue , also known as Bencivieni di Pepo or in modern Italian, Benvenuto di Giuseppe, was an Italian painter and creator of mosaics from Florence....

 that the older master repeatedly tried to brush away, a genre tale that echoes anecdotes told of the Greek painter Apelles
Apelles
Apelles of Kos was a renowned painter of ancient Greece. Pliny the Elder, to whom we owe much of our knowledge of this artist rated him superior to preceding and subsequent artists...

. He did not research archives for exact dates, as modern art historians do, and naturally his biographies are most dependable for the painters of his own generation and the immediately preceding one. Modern criticism—with all the new materials opened up by research—has corrected many of his traditional dates and attributions. The work is widely considered a classic even today, though it is widely agreed that it must be supplemented by modern critical research.

Vasari includes a 42 page sketch of his own biography at the end of his Vite, and adds further details about himself and his family in his lives of Lazzaro Vasari and Francesco Salviati
Francesco de' Rossi (Il Salviati)
Francesco de' Rossi was an Italian Mannerist painter from Florence, also active in Rome. He is known by many names, prominently the adopted name Francesco Salviati or as Il Salviati, but also Francesco Rossi and Cecchino del Salviati.-Biography:Salviati was born and died in Florence...

.

Influence


Vasari's Vite has been described as "by far the most influential single text for the history of Renaissance art" and "the most important work of Renaissance biography of artists". Its influence is situated mainly in three domains: as an example for contemporary and later biographers and art historians, as a defining factor in the view on the Renaissance and the role of Florence and Rome in it, and as a major source of information on the lives and works of early Italian artists.

The Vite have been translated wholly or partially into many languages, including English, Dutch, German, Spanish and French.

Early translations became a model for others


The Vite formed a model for encyclopedias of artist biographies. Different 17th century translators became artist biographers in their own country of origin and were often called the Vasari of their country. Karel Van Mander was probably the first Vasarian author with his Painting book (Het Schilderboeck, 1604), which encompassed not only the first Dutch translation of Vasari, but also the first Dutch translation of Ovid and was accompanied by a list of Italian painters who appeared on the scene after Vasari, and the first comprehensive list of biographies of painters from the Low Countries
Low Countries
The Low Countries are the historical lands around the low-lying delta of the Rhine, Scheldt, and Meuse rivers, including the modern countries of Belgium, the Netherlands, Luxembourg and parts of northern France and western Germany....

. Similarly, Joachim von Sandrart
Joachim von Sandrart
Joachim von Sandrart was a German Baroque art-historian and painter, active in Amsterdam during the Dutch Golden Age.-Biography:Sandrart was born in Frankfurt, but the family originated from Mons...

, author of Deutsche Akademie (1675), became known as the "German Vasari". In England, Aglionby's Painting Illustrated from 1685 was largely based on Vasari as well.

View of the Renaissance


The Vite is also important as the basis for discussions on the development of style, It influenced the view art historians had of the Early Renaissance for a long time, placing too much emphasis on the achievements of Florentian and Roman artists while ignoring those of the rest of Italy and certainly the artists from the rest of Europe.

Source of information


Finally, it has also been for centuries the most important source of information on Early Renaissance Italian (and especially Tuscan
Tuscany
Tuscany is a region in Italy. It has an area of about 23,000 square kilometres and a population of about 3.75 million inhabitants. The regional capital is Florence ....

) painters and the attribution of their paintings. In 1899, an author like John Addington Symonds
John Addington Symonds
John Addington Symonds was an English poet and literary critic. Although he married and had a family, he was an early advocate of male love , which he believed could include pederastic as well as egalitarian relationships. He referred to it as l'amour de l'impossible...

 used the Vite as one of his basic sources for the description of artists in his 7 books on Renaissance in Italy., and nowadays it is still, despite its obvious biases and shortcomings, the basis for the biography of many artists like Leonardo da Vinci
Leonardo da Vinci
Leonardo di ser Piero da Vinci was an Italian Renaissance polymath: painter, sculptor, architect, musician, scientist, mathematician, engineer, inventor, anatomist, geologist, cartographer, botanist and writer whose genius, perhaps more than that of any other figure, epitomized the Renaissance...

.

Contents


The Vite contains the biographies of many important Italian artists, and is also adopted as a sort of classical reference guide for their names, which are sometimes used in different ways. The following list respects the order of the book, as divided into its three parts. The book starts with a dedication to Cosimo I de' Medici and a preface, and then starts with technical and background texts about architecture, sculpture, and painting. A second preface follows, introducing the actual "Vite" in parts 2 to 5. What follows is the complete list from the second (1568) edition. In a few cases, different very short biographies were given in one section.

Part 2

  • Cimabue
    Cimabue
    Cimabue , also known as Bencivieni di Pepo or in modern Italian, Benvenuto di Giuseppe, was an Italian painter and creator of mosaics from Florence....

  • Arnolfo di Lapo
    Arnolfo di Cambio
    Arnolfo di Cambio was an Italian architect and sculptor.-Biography:Arnolfo was born in Colle Val d'Elsa, Tuscany....

    , with Bonnano
  • Nicola Pisano
    Nicola Pisano
    Nicola Pisano was an Italian sculptor whose work is noted for its classical Roman sculptural style. Pisano is sometimes considered to be the founder of modern sculpture.- Early life :His birth date or origins are uncertain...

  • Giovanni Pisano
    Giovanni Pisano
    Giovanni Pisano was an Italian sculptor, painter and architect. Son of the famous sculptor Nicola Pisano, he received his training in the workshop of his father....

  • Andrea Tafi
    Andrea Tafi (artist)
    Andrea Tafi was an Italian artist. He is probably best known for his work on the mosaics of the Baptistery in Florence, which were started in 1225 by Jacobus...

  • Gaddo Gaddi
    Gaddo Gaddi
    Gaddo Gaddi was an Italian painter and mosaicist of Florence in a gothic art style. Almost no works survive. He was the father of Taddeo Gaddi. He completed mosaics on facade of Santa Maria Maggiore in Rome...

  • Margaritone
    Margaritone d'Arezzo
    Margarito or Margaritone d'Arezzo was an Italian painter from Arezzo.-Life:Little is known of Margaritone's life. The only documentary record of his existence dates from 1262, when he lived in Arezzo. However, a fair number of his works are known to survive; unusually for the time, most are signed...

  • Giotto
    Giotto di Bondone
    Giotto di Bondone , better known simply as Giotto, was an Italian painter and architect from Florence in the late Middle Ages...

    , with Puccio Capanna
    Puccio Capanna
    Puccio Capanna was an Italian painter of the first half of the 14th century, who lived and worked in Assisi, Umbria, Italy between 1341 and 1347. He is also called Puccio Campana.Capanna was originally a Florentine...

  • Agostino
    Agostino da Siena
    Agostino da Siena or Agostino di Giovanni was an Italian architect and sculptor, active between 1310 and 1347.-Biography:...

     and Agnolo
  • Stefano
    Stefano di Giovanni
    Stefano di Giovanni di Consolo, known as il Sassetta was an Italian painter.He was born in Siena, although there is also an hypothesis that he was born in Cortona. The first historical record of him was anyway in Siena in 1423. Sassetta was the apprentice of Paolo di Giovanni Fei or Benedetto di...

     and Ugolino
    Ugolino di Nerio
    Ugolino di Nerio was an Italian painter active in his native city of Siena and in Florence between the years 1317 and 1327.He was a follower of Duccio di Buoninsegna, from whose Maestà some of his scenes are clearly derived...

  • Pietro Lorenzetti
    Pietro Lorenzetti
    Pietro Lorenzetti was an Italian painter, active between approximately 1306 and 1345. His younger brother was the painter Ambrogio Lorenzetti....

     (Pietro Laurati)
  • Andrea Pisano
    Andrea Pisano
    Andrea Pisano , also known as Andrea da Pontedera, was an Italian sculptor and architect.-Biography:Andrea Pisano was born at Pontedera, where he also died....

  • Buonamico Buffalmacco
    Buonamico Buffalmacco
    Buonamico di [son of] Martino or Buonamico Buffalmacco was an Italian painter who worked in Florence, Bologna and Pisa...

  • Ambrogio Lorenzetti
    Ambrogio Lorenzetti
    Ambrogio Lorenzetti was an Italian painter of the Sienese school. He was active between approximately 1317 to 1348. His elder brother was the painter Pietro Lorenzetti....

     (Ambruogio Laurati)
  • Pietro Cavallini
    Pietro Cavallini
    Pietro Cavallini was an Italian painter and mosaic designer working during the late Middle Ages. Little is known about his biography, though it is known he was from Rome, since he signed pictor romanus....

  • Simone Martini
    Simone Martini
    Simone Martini was an Italian painter born in Siena.He was a major figure in the development of early Italian painting and greatly influenced the development of the International Gothic style....

     with Lippo Memmi
    Lippo Memmi
    Lippo Memmi was an Italian painter from Siena. He was the foremost follower of Simone Martini, who was his brother-in-law....

  • Taddeo Gaddi
    Taddeo Gaddi
    Taddeo Gaddi was a medieval Italian painter and architect.-Biography:He was the son of Gaddo di Zanobi, called Gaddo Gaddi. He was a member of Giotto's workshop from 1313 to 1337, when his master died...

  • Andrea Orcagna
    Andrea Orcagna
    Andrea di Cione di Arcangelo , better known as Orcagna, was an Italian painter, sculptor, and architect active in Florence. A student of Andrea Pisano as well as Giotto di Bondone, his younger brothers Jacopo di Cione and Nardo di Cione were also artists...

     (Andrea di Cione)
  • Tomasso Fiorentino
    Giottino
    Giottino was an early Italian painter from Florence. His real name was Maso di Stefano or Tommaso di Stefano....

  • Giovanni da Ponte
  • Agnolo Gaddi
    Agnolo Gaddi
    Agnolo Gaddi was an Italian painter. He was the son and pupil of the painter Taddeo Gaddi.Taddeo Gaddi was himself the major pupil of the Florentine master Giotto...

  • Berna Sanese
    Barna da Siena
    Barna da Siena, also known as Barna di Siena, was a Sienese painter active from about 1330 to 1350, and was the painter in Siena during this period. He learned his trade from Simone Martini...

     (Barna da Siena)
  • Duccio
    Duccio
    Duccio di Buoninsegna was one of the most influential Italian artists of his time. Born in Siena, Tuscany, he worked mostly with pigment and egg tempera and like most of his contemporaries painted religious subjects...

  • Antonio Viniziano
    Antonio Veneziano (painter)
    Antonio Veneziano , was an Italian painter who was active mainly in Siena, Florence and Pisa, documented between 1369 and 1419....

     (Antonio Veneziano)
  • Jacopo di Casentino
  • Spinello Aretino
    Spinello Aretino
    Spinello Aretino was an Italian painter, the son of a Florentine named Luca, who had taken refuge in Arezzo in 1310 when exiled with the rest of the Ghibelline party.-Biography:...

  • Gherardo Starnina
    Gherardo Starnina
    Gherardo Starnina was an Italian painter from Florence.According to the biographer Giorgio Vasari, Starnina initially trained with Antonio Veneziano, then with Agnolo Gaddi. He is claimed to have participated in the painting of the frescos in the Castellani Chapel in Santa Croce, Florence...

  • Lippo
    Lippo Memmi
    Lippo Memmi was an Italian painter from Siena. He was the foremost follower of Simone Martini, who was his brother-in-law....

  • Lorenzo Monaco
    Lorenzo Monaco
    Lorenzo Monaco was an Italian painter of the late Gothic-early Renaissance age.-Biography:...

  • Taddeo Bartoli
  • Lorenzo di Bicci
    Lorenzo di Bicci
    Lorenzo di Bicci was an Italian painter of the Florentine school, traditional in outlook. He is believed to have learned his trade from his father, about whom little other than his name, Bicci, is known. By 1370, Lorenzo was a member of the Guild of Saint Luke, the painters' guild of Florence...


Part 3

  • Jacopo della Quercia
    Jacopo della Quercia
    Jacopo della Quercia was an Italian sculptor of the Italian Renaissance, a contemporary of Brunelleschi, Ghiberti and Donatello. He is considered a precursor of Michelangelo.-Biography:...

  • Niccolo Aretino
    Niccolò di Piero Lamberti
    Niccolò di Piero Lamberti , also known as Niccolò di Pietro Lamberti, Niccolo Aretino, Niccolò d'Arezzo and as il Pela, was an Italian sculptor and architect. Little is known about his life other than that he was married in Florence in 1392...

     (Niccolò di Piero Lamberti)
  • Dello
    Dello di Niccolò Delli
    Dello di Niccolò Delli , also known as Dello Delli, as Dello di Niccolò and as Dello, was an Italian sculptor and painter from Florence. His father was a tailor named Niccolò di Dello...

     (Dello di Niccolò Delli)
  • Nanni di Banco
    Nanni di Banco
    Nanni d'Antonio di Banco was an Italian sculptor from Florence.He helped create the winning model for the Duomo of the Santa Maria del Fiore Cathedral in Florence , under the leadership of Filippo Brunelleschi, alongside Donatello...

  • Luca della Robbia
    Luca della Robbia
    Luca della Robbia was an Italian sculptor from Florence, noted for his terra-cotta roundels.Luca Della Robbia developed a pottery glaze that made his creations more durable in the outdoors and thus suitable for use on the exterior of buildings. His work is noted for its charm rather than the drama...

  • Paolo Uccello
    Paolo Uccello
    Paolo Uccello , born Paolo di Dono, was an Italian painter and a mathematician who was notable for his pioneering work on visual perspective in art. Giorgio Vasari in his book Lives of the Artists wrote that Uccello was obsessed by his interest in perspective and would stay up all night in his...

  • Lorenzo Ghiberti
    Lorenzo Ghiberti
    Lorenzo Ghiberti , born Lorenzo di Bartolo, was an Italian artist of the early Renaissance best known for works in sculpture and metalworking.-Early life:...

  • Masolino da Panicale
    Masolino da Panicale
    Masolino da Panicale was an Italian painter. His best known works are probably his collaborations with Masaccio: Madonna with Child and St. Anne and the frescoes in the Brancacci Chapel .-Biography:Masolino was born in Panicale...

  • Parri Spinelli
    Parri Spinelli
    Parri Spinelli was an Italian painter of the early renaissance who was born in the Province of Arezzo. His father and teacher was Spinello Aretino , who was active throughout Tuscany. Parri Spinelli lived in Florence from 1411 or 1412 to 1419, and was a member of the workshop of Lorenzo Ghiberti...

  • Masaccio
  • Filippo Brunelleschi
    Filippo Brunelleschi
    Filippo Brunelleschi was one of the foremost architects and engineers of the Italian Renaissance. He is perhaps most famous for inventing linear perspective and designing the dome of the Florence Cathedral, but his accomplishments also included bronze artwork, architecture , mathematics,...

  • Donatello
    Donatello
    Donato di Niccolò di Betto Bardi , also known as Donatello, was an early Renaissance Italian artist and sculptor from Florence...

  • Michelozzo Michelozzi
  • Antonio Filarete and Simone
    Simone Ghini
    Simone Ghini, also known as Simone Ghini I and as Simone I di Giovanni di Simone Ghini, was an Italian renaissance sculptor who was born in 1406 or 1407. He is best-known for his funeral monument to Pope Martin V, in the Basilica of St. John Lateran, in Rome. Together with Antonio Filarete,...

     (Simone Ghini)
  • Giuliano da Maiano
    Giuliano da Maiano
    Giuliano da Maiano was an Italian architect, intarsia-worker and sculptor, the elder brother of Benedetto da Maiano, with whom he often collaborated.- Biography :...

  • Piero della Francesca
    Piero della Francesca
    Piero della Francesca was a painter of the Early Renaissance. As testified by Giorgio Vasari in his Lives of the Artists, to contemporaries he was also known as a mathematician and geometer. Nowadays Piero della Francesca is chiefly appreciated for his art. His painting was characterized by its...

  • Fra Angelico
    Fra Angelico
    Fra Angelico , born Guido di Pietro, was an Early Italian Renaissance painter described by Vasari in his Lives of the Artists as having "a rare and perfect talent"...

  • Leon Battista Alberti
  • Lazaro Vasari
  • Antonello da Messina
    Antonello da Messina
    Antonello da Messina, properly Antonello di Giovanni di Antonio was an Italian painter from Messina, Sicily, active during the Italian Renaissance...

  • Alessio Baldovinetti
    Alessio Baldovinetti
    Alesso Baldovinetti was an Italian early Renaissance painter.-Biography:Baldovinetti was born in Florence to a family of a rich merchant. In 1448 he was registered as a member of the Guild of St...

  • Vellano da Padova
    Bartolomeo Bellano
    Bartolomeo Bellano, also known as Bartolomeo Vellano, was an Italian renaissance sculptor and architect who was born in Padua in 1437 or 1438...

     (Bartolomeo Bellano)
  • Fra Filippo Lippi
  • Paolo Romano
    Paolo Romano
    Paolo Romano , also known as Paolo Tuccone and as Paolo di Mariano di Tuccio Taccone was an Italian renaissance sculptor...

    , Mino del Reame
    Mino del Reame
    Mino del Reame, also known as Mino dal Reame, was a 15th century Italian renaissance sculptor. He was active in Rome from about 1460 to 1480...

    , Chimenti Camicia
    Chimenti Camicia
    Chimenti Camicia was an Italian renaissance architect who was born in Florence in 1431. He had his own workshop by 1464. In 1479 he went to work for King Matthias Corvinus of Hungary for whom Camicia designed palaces, gardens, fountains, churches, and fortifications...

    , and Baccio Pontelli
    Baccio Pontelli
    Baccio Pontelli was an Italian architect. Baccio is an abbreviation of Bartolomeo.Pontelli was born in Florence. Passing the phase of artistic formation with Giuliano and Benedetto da Maiano in Florence, and influenced by Francesco di Giorgio Martini during the trip to Urbino , he was an in-layer...

  • Andrea del Castagno
    Andrea del Castagno
    Andrea del Castagno was an Italian painter from Florence, influenced chiefly by Tommaso Masaccio and Giotto di Bondone. His works include frescoes in Sant'Apollonia in Florence and the painted equestrian monument of Niccolò da Tolentino in the Cathedral in Florence...

  • Domenico Veneziano
    Domenico Veneziano
    Domenico Veneziano was an Italian painter of the early Renaissance, active mostly in Perugia and Tuscany.Little is known of his birth, though he is thought to have been born in Venice, hence his last name. He then moved to Florence in 1422-23 as a boy, to become a pupil of Gentile da Fabriano. He...

  • Gentile da Fabriano
    Gentile da Fabriano
    Gentile da Fabriano was an Italian painter known for his participation in the International Gothic style. He worked in various places in central Italy, mostly in Tuscany. His best known works are his Adoration of the Magi and the Flight into Egypt.-Biography:Gentile was born in or near Fabriano,...

  • Vittore Pisanello
    Pisanello
    Pisanello , known professionally as Antonio di Puccio Pisano or Antonio di Puccio da Cereto, also erroneously called Vittore Pisano by Giorgio Vasari, was one of the most distinguished painters of the early Italian Renaissance and Quattrocento...

  • Pesello
    Francesco di Pesello
    Giorgio Vasari in his Lives of the Most Excellent Painters, Sculptors, and Architects recounts that Pesello was an Italian painter who flourished from about 1390 and died after 1457. He gives the artist’s full name as Francesco di Pesello...

     and Francesco Pesellino
    Francesco Pesellino
    Francesco Pesellino , also known as Francesco di Stefano, Il Pesellino, Francesco Peselli, and Francesco di Stefano Pesellino was an Italian painter...

  • Benozzo Gozzoli
    Benozzo Gozzoli
    Benozzo Gozzoli was an Italian Renaissance painter from Florence. He is best known for a series of murals in the Palazzo Medici-Riccardi depicting festive, vibrant processions with wonderful attention to detail and a pronounced International Gothic influence.-Apprenticeship:He was born Benozzo di...

  • Francesco di Giorgio
    Francesco di Giorgio
    Francesco di Giorgio Martini was an Italian painter of the Sienese School and a sculptor, as well as being, in Nikolaus Pevsner's terms, "one of the most interesting later Quattrocento architects'" and a visionary architectural theorist; as a military engineer he executed architectural designs and...

     and Vecchietta
    Vecchietta
    Francesco di Giorgio e di Lorenzo , known as Vecchietta or Lorenzo di Pietro, was an Italian Sienese School painter, sculptor, goldsmith and architect of the Renaissance...

     (Lorenzo di Pietro)
  • Galasso Ferrarese
    Galasso Galassi
    Galasso Galassi was an Italian painter of the early-Renaissance period, active mainly in Ferrara. Worked for some years in Bologna. He was one of the earliest painters of the School of Ferrara.-References:...

  • Antonio Rossellino
    Antonio Rossellino
    Antonio Gamberelli , nicknamed Antonio Rossellino for the colour of his hair, was an Italian sculptor. His older brother, from whom he received his formal training, was the painter Bernardo Rossellino....

  • Bernardo Rossellino
    Bernardo Rossellino
    Bernardo di Matteo del Borra Gamberelli , better known as Bernardo Rossellino, was an Italian sculptor and architect, the elder brother of the sculptor Antonio Rossellino...

  • Desiderio da Settignano
    Desiderio da Settignano
    Desiderio da Settignano, real name Desiderio de Bartolomeo di Francesco detto Ferro was an Italian sculptor active during the Renaissance.-Biography:...

  • Mino da Fiesole
    Mino da Fiesole
    Mino da Fiesole , also known as Mino di Giovanni, was an Italian sculptor from Poppi, Tuscany. He is noted for his portrait busts.-Career:...

  • Lorenzo Costa
    Lorenzo Costa
    Lorenzo Costa was an Italian painter of the Renaissance.-Biography:He was born at Ferrara, but moved to Bologna by the his early twenties, and would be more influential to the Bolognese school of painting. However, many artists worked in both nearby cities, and thus others consider him a product...

  • Ercole Ferrarese
  • Jacopo Bellini
    Jacopo Bellini
    Jacopo Bellini was an Italian painter. Jacopo was one of the founders of the Renaissance style of painting in Venice and northern Italy. His sons Gentile and Giovanni Bellini, and his son-in-law Andrea Mantegna, were also famous painters....

  • Giovanni Bellini
    Giovanni Bellini
    Giovanni Bellini was an Italian Renaissance painter, probably the best known of the Bellini family of Venetian painters. His father was Jacopo Bellini, his brother was Gentile Bellini, and his brother-in-law was Andrea Mantegna. He is considered to have revolutionized Venetian painting, moving it...

  • Gentile Bellini
    Gentile Bellini
    Gentile Bellini was an Italian painter. From 1474 he was the official portrait artist for the Doges of Venice.- Biography :...

  • Cosimo Rosselli
    Cosimo Rosselli
    Cosimo Rosselli was an Italian painter of the Quattrocento, active mainly in his birthplace of Florence.-Biography:Born in Florence, at the age of fourteen he became a pupil of Neri di Bicci, and in 1460 he worked as assistant to his cousin Bernardo di Stefano Rosselli...

  • Il Cecca
    Francesco d’Angelo
    Francesco d’Angelo , also known as Il Cecca was an Italian sculptor and engineer. He is best known for his sculptures―often mechanical―carried in religious processions, theatrical machinery, and military devices...

     (Francesco d’Angelo)
  • Don Bartolomeo Abbate di S. Clemente
    Bartolomeo della Gatta
    Bartolomeo della Gatta , born Pietro di Antonio Dei, was an Italian painter, illuminator, and architect. He was the son of a goldsmith. He was a colleague of Fra Bartolommeo. In 1468, Bartolomeo became a monk in the Order of Camaldoli, probably in the Church of Santa Maria degli Angeli in...

     (Bartolomeo della Gatta)
  • Gherardo Silvani
    Gherardo Silvani
    Gherardo Silvani was an Italian architect and sculptor, active mainly in Florence and other sites in Tuscany during the Baroque period....

  • Domenico Ghirlandaio
    Domenico Ghirlandaio
    Domenico Ghirlandaio was an Italian Renaissance painter from Florence. Among his many apprentices was Michelangelo.-Early years:Ghirlandaio's full name is given as Domenico di Tommaso di Currado di Doffo Bigordi...

  • Antonio Pollaiuolo
    Antonio Pollaiuolo
    Antonio del Pollaiolo , also known as Antonio di Jacopo Pollaiuolo or Antonio Pollaiolo, was an Italian painter, sculptor, engraver and goldsmith during the Renaissance.-Biography:...

  • Piero Pollaiuolo
    Piero Pollaiuolo
    Piero del Pollaiolo , also known as Piero Benci, was an Italian Renaissance painter from Florence. His brother was the artist Antonio del Pollaiolo and the two frequently worked together...

  • Sandro Botticelli
    Sandro Botticelli
    Alessandro di Mariano di Vanni Filipepi, better known as Sandro Botticelli was an Italian painter of the Early Renaissance...

  • Benedetto da Maiano
    Benedetto da Maiano
    Benedetto da Maiano was an Italian sculptor of the early Renaissance.Born in the village of Maiano , he started his career as companion of his brother, the architect Giuliano da Maiano. When he reached the age of thirty he started training under the sculptor Antonio Rossellino...

  • Andrea del Verrocchio
    Andrea del Verrocchio
    Andrea del Verrocchio , born Andrea di Michele di Francesco de' Cioni, was an Italian sculptor, goldsmith and painter who worked at the court of Lorenzo de' Medici in Florence in the early renaissance. Few paintings are attributed to him with certainty, but a number of important painters were...

  • Andrea Mantegna
    Andrea Mantegna
    Andrea Mantegna was an Italian painter, a student of Roman archeology, and son in law of Jacopo Bellini. Like other artists of the time, Mantegna experimented with perspective, e.g., by lowering the horizon in order to create a sense of greater monumentality...

  • Filippino Lippi
    Filippino Lippi
    Filippino Lippi was an Italian painter working during the High Renaissance in Florence, Italy.-Biography:...

  • Bernardino Pinturicchio
    Pinturicchio
    Bernardino di Betto, called Pintoricchio or Pinturicchio was an Italian painter of the Renaissance. He acquired his nickname, Pintoricchio , because of his small stature, and he used it to sign some of his works....

  • Francesco Francia
  • Pietro Perugino
  • Vittore Scarpaccia
    Vittore Carpaccio
    Vittore Carpaccio was an Italian painter of the Venetian school, who studied under Gentile Bellini. He is best known for a cycle of nine paintings, The Legend of Saint Ursula. His style was somewhat conservative, showing little influence from the Humanist trends that transformed Italian...

  • Iacopo detto l'Indaco
    Jacopo Torni
    Jacopo Torni , also known as Jacobo Fiorentin, L'Indaco, and Jacopo dell'Indaco, was an Italian painter. He was a student of Domenico Ghirlandaio , and the brother of painter Francesco Torni...

     (Jacopo Torni)
  • Luca Signorelli
    Luca Signorelli
    Luca Signorelli was an Italian Renaissance painter who was noted in particular for his ability as a draughtsman and his use of foreshortening...

  • Sofonisba Anguissola
    Sofonisba Anguissola
    Sofonisba Anguissola was an Italian painter of the Renaissance.-The Anguissola family:...


Part 4

  • Leonardo da Vinci
    Leonardo da Vinci
    Leonardo di ser Piero da Vinci was an Italian Renaissance polymath: painter, sculptor, architect, musician, scientist, mathematician, engineer, inventor, anatomist, geologist, cartographer, botanist and writer whose genius, perhaps more than that of any other figure, epitomized the Renaissance...

  • Giorgione da Castelfranco
  • Antonio da Correggio
    Antonio da Correggio
    Antonio Allegri da Correggio , usually known as Correggio, was the foremost painter of the Parma school of the Italian Renaissance, who was responsible for some of the most vigorous and sensuous works of the 16th century...

  • Piero di Cosimo
    Piero di Cosimo
    Piero di Cosimo , also known as Piero di Lorenzo, was an Italian Renaissance painter.-Biography:The son of a goldsmith, Piero was born in Florence and apprenticed under the artist Cosimo Rosseli, from whom he derived his popular name and whom he assisted in the painting of the Sistine Chapel in...

  • Donato Bramante
    Donato Bramante
    Donato Bramante was an Italian architect, who introduced the Early Renaissance style to Milan and the High Renaissance style to Rome, where his most famous design was St...

     (Bramante da Urbino)
  • Fra Bartolomeo Di San Marco
  • Mariotto Albertinelli
    Mariotto Albertinelli
    Mariotto di Bigio di Bindo Albertinelli was a High Renaissance Italian painter of the Florentine school, closely involved with Fra Bartolomeo and influenced by Raphael.-Biography:Mariotto Albertinelli was born in Florence...

  • Raffaellino del Garbo
    Raffaellino del Garbo
    Raffaellino del Garbo was a Florentine painter of the early Renaissance.His real name was Raffaello Capponi; Del Garbo was a nickname, bestowed upon him seemingly from the graceful nicety of his earlier works. He has also been called Raffaello de Florentia, and Raffaello de Carolis or Karli...

  • Pietro Torrigiano
    Pietro Torrigiano
    Pietro Torrigiano was an Italian sculptor of the Florentine school. According to Giorgio Vasari, he was one of the group of talented youths who studied art under the patronage of Lorenzo de' Medici in Florence....

     (Torrigiano)
  • Giuliano da Sangallo
    Giuliano da Sangallo
    Giuliano da Sangallo was an Italian sculptor, architect and military engineer active during the Italian Renaissance.He was born in Florence. His father Francesco Giamberti was a woodworker and architect, much employed by Cosimo de Medici, and his brother Antonio da Sangallo the Elder and nephew...

  • Antonio da Sangallo
    Antonio da Sangallo
    Antonio da Sangallo may refer to:* Antonio da Sangallo the Elder , Florentine architect* Antonio da Sangallo the Younger , , Florentine architect and the Elder's nephew...

  • Raphael
  • Guillaume de Marcillat
    Guillaume de Marcillat
    Guillaume de Marcillat was a French painter and stained glass artist.-Biography:He was born in La Châtre, Indre about 1470. He was in Rome by 1509, where he was employed by the popes Julius II and Leo X in the Vatican and at Santa Maria del Popolo, where the two windows in the choir are his...

  • Simone del Pollaiolo
    Simone del Pollaiolo
    Simone del Pollaiolo is a well known Florentine architect who was commonly known as Il Cronaca .Pollaiolo was born in Florence, he had two famous brothers Antonio and Piero Benci who had the nickname Pollaiuolo or Pollaiolo .Simone was later given his nickname Il Cronaca...

     (il Cronaca)
  • Davide Ghirlandaio
    Davide Ghirlandaio
    Davide Ghirlandaio , also known as David Ghirlandaio and as Davide Bigordi, was an Italian painter and mosaicist, active in his native Florence....

     and Benedetto Ghirlandaio
    Benedetto Ghirlandaio
    Benedetto Ghirlandaio was an Italian painter. His brothers Davide Ghirlandaio and Domenico Ghirlandaio were both painters, as was his nephew Ridolfo Ghirlandaio...

  • Domenico Puligo
    Domenico Puligo
    Domenico Puligo was an Italian painter of the Renaissance, active in Florence. His real name was Domenico di Bartolommeo Ubaldini....

  • Andrea da Fiesole
    Andrea Ferrucci
    Andrea Ferrucci , also known as Andrea di Piero Ferruzzi and as Andrea da Fiesole, was an Italian sculptor who was born in Fiesole, Italy in 1465...

  • Vincenzo da San Gimignano
    Vincenzo Tamagni
    Vincenzo Tamagni was an Italian painter of the Renaissance. Born in San Gimignano, he became an apprentice first with il Sodoma at Monte Oliveto Maggiore, and then worked in the Vatican Loggie under Raphael in Rome . Drawings of the Raphael frescoes in Tamagni’s hand exist. He mainly painted in...

     and Timoteo da Urbino
  • Andrea Sansovino
    Andrea Sansovino
    Andrea dal Monte Sansovino or Andrea Contucci del Monte San Savino was an Italian sculptor active during the High Renaissance...

     (Andrea dal Monte Sansovino)
  • Benedetto da Rovezzano
    Benedetto Grazzini
    Benedetto Grazzini, best known as Benedetto da Rovezzano was an Italian architect and sculptor who worked mainly in Florence....

  • Baccio da Montelupo
    Baccio da Montelupo
    Baccio da Montelupo , born Bartolomeo di Giovanni d'Astore dei Sinibaldi, was a sculptor of the Italian Renaissance. He is the father of another Italian sculptor, Raffaello da Montelupo...

     and Raffaello da Montelupo
    Raffaello da Montelupo
    Raffaello da Montelupo , born Raffaele Sinibaldi, was a sculptor and architect of the Italian Renaissance, and an apprentice of Michelangelo. He was the son of another Italian sculptor, Baccio da Montelupo...

     (father and son)
  • Lorenzo di Credi
    Lorenzo di Credi
    Lorenzo di Credi was an Italian Renaissance painter and sculptor. He first influenced Leonardo da Vinci and then was greatly influenced by him.-Life:...

  • Boccaccio Boccaccino
    Boccaccio Boccaccino
    Boccaccio Boccaccino was a painter of the early Italian Renaissance, belonging to the Emilian school. He is profiled in Vasari's Le Vite delle più eccellenti pittori, scultori, ed architettori .He was born in Ferrara and studied there, probably under Domenico Panetti...

     (Boccaccino Cremonese)
  • Lorenzetto
    Lorenzetto
    Lorenzo Lotti, also known as Lorenzetto, , born Lorenzo di Lodovico di Guglielmo, was an Italian Renaissance sculptor and architect in the circle of Raphael....

  • Baldassare Peruzzi
    Baldassare Peruzzi
    Baldassare Tommaso Peruzzi was an Italian architect and painter, born in a small town near Siena and died in Rome. He worked for many years, beginning in 1520, under Bramante, Raphael, and later Sangallo during the erection of the new St. Peter's...

  • Pellegrino da Modena
    Pellegrino Aretusi
    Pellegrino Aretusi , also known as Pellegrini de Modena and as Pellegrino Munari, was an Italian painter who was born in Modena, Italy. His early instruction was from his father Giovanni Munari. About 1509, Pellegrino went to Rome to assist Raphael at the Vatican. Pellegrino was then...

     (Pellegrino Aretusi)
  • Giovan Francesco
    Gianfrancesco Penni
    Gianfrancesco Penni , also known as Giovan Francesco, was an Italian painter, student of Raphael.Born in Florence to a family of weavers, Penni entered very early in Raphael's workshop, and collaborated with him for several works, including the famous Rooms of the Vatican Palace as well as the...

    , also known as il Fattore
  • Andrea del Sarto
    Andrea del Sarto
    Andrea del Sarto was an Italian painter from Florence, whose career flourished during the High Renaissance and early Mannerism. Though highly regarded during his lifetime as an artist senza errori , his renown was eclipsed after his death by that of his contemporaries, Leonardo da Vinci,...

  • Francesco Granacci
    Francesco Granacci
    Francesco Granacci was an Italian painter of the Renaissance.Born at Villamagna di Volterra, he trained in Florence in the studio of Domenico Ghirlandaio, and was employed painting frescoes for San Marco on commission of Lorenzo de'Medici...

  • Baccio D'Agnolo
    Baccio D'Agnolo
    Baccio D'Agnolo , born Bartolomeo Baglioni, was an Italian woodcarver, sculptor and architect from Florence."Baccio"'is an abbreviation of Bartolomeo, and "d'Agnolo" refers to Angelo, his father's name...

  • Properzia de’ Rossi
  • Alfonso Lombardi
    Alfonso Lombardi
    Alfonso Lombardi , also known as Lombardi da Lucca, Alfonso da Ferrara and as Alfonso Lombardo, was an Italian sculptor and medalist who was born in Ferrara, Italy in 1497, and died in Bologna in 1537. He was very active in Bologna where he created a number of works that are still present in the...

  • Michele Agnolo
    Giovanni Angelo Montorsoli
    Giovanni Antonio Montorsoli , also known as Fra Montorsoli, as Michele Agnolo and as Angelo di Michele d' Angelo da Poggibonsi, was an Italian sculptor.-Biography:...

     (Giovanni Angelo Montorsoli)
  • Girolamo Santacroce
    Girolamo Santacroce
    Girolamo Santacroce was a 16th century Italian sculptor and painter of the Renaissance period, active mainly in Venice and the Venetian mainland. He was a pupil of the painter Giovanni Bellini.-References:...

  • Dosso Dossi
    Dosso Dossi
    Dosso Dossi , real name Giovanni di Niccolò de Luteri, was an Italian Renaissance painter who belonged to the Ferrara School of Painting.-Biography:Dossi was born in San Giovanni del Dosso a village in the province of Mantua...

     and Battista Dossi
    Battista Dossi
    Battista Dossi , also known as Battista de Luteri, was an Italian painter who belonged to the Ferrara School of Painting. He spent nearly his entire career in service of the Court of Ferrara, where he worked with his older brother Dosso Dossi . It is believed that Battista worked in the Rome...

     (Dossi brothers)
  • Giovanni Antonio Licino
    Il Pordenone
    Il Pordenone, byname of Giovanni Antonio de' Sacchis , was an Italian painter of the Venetian school, active during the Renaissance. Vasari, his main biographer, identifies him as Giovanni Antonio Licinio.-Biography:...

  • Rosso Fiorentino
    Rosso Fiorentino
    Giovanni Battista di Jacopo , known as Rosso Fiorentino , or Il Rosso, was an Italian Mannerist painter, in oil and fresco, belonging to the Florentine school.-Biography:...

  • Giovanni Antonio Sogliani
    Giovanni Antonio Sogliani
    Giovanni Antonio Sogliani was an Italian painter of the Renaissance, active mainly in Florence.Giorgio Vasari in his Vite, the main source of Sogliani's biography, claimed that the painter had apprenticed with Lorenzo di Credi for two decades. While impossible, the legend rings true because of the...

  • Girolamo da Treviso
    Girolamo da Treviso
    Girolamo da Treviso , also known as Girolamo di Tommaso da Treviso the Younger and Girolamo Trevigi, was an Italian Renaissance painter. Born in Treviso, he might have been a pupil of Pier Maria Pennacchi...

     (Girolamo Da Trevigi)
  • Polidoro da Caravaggio and Maturino da Firenze
    Maturino da Firenze
    Maturino da Firenze was an Italian painter, born in Florence, but working in Rome during the Renaissance.Vasari described the relationship between Polidoro da Caravaggio and Maturino as exceedingly close:...

    (Maturino Fiorentino)
  • Bartolommeo Ramenghi
    Bartolommeo Ramenghi
    Bartolommeo Ramenghi , also called Bagnacavallo, il Bagnacavallo or il Baruffaldi, was an Italian painter of the Renaissance, active in Emilia-Romagna....

     (Bartolomeo Da Bagnacavallo)
  • Marco Calabrese
  • Morto Da Feltro
  • Franciabigio
    Franciabigio
    Franciabigio was an Italian painter of the Florentine Renaissance. His true name may have been Francesco di Cristofano, however he also is referred to as either Marcantonio Franciabigio or Francia Bigio....

  • Francesco Mazzola
  • Jacopo Palma  (Il Palma)
  • Lorenzo Lotto
    Lorenzo Lotto
    Lorenzo Lotto was a Northern Italian painter draughtsman and illustrator, traditionally placed in the Venetian school. He painted mainly altarpieces, religious subjects and portraits...

  • Fra Gocondo
    Giovanni Giocondo
    Friar Giovanni Giocondo, O.F.M., was an Italian friar, architect, antiquary, archaeologist, and classical scholar.-Biography:...

  • Francesco Granacci
    Francesco Granacci
    Francesco Granacci was an Italian painter of the Renaissance.Born at Villamagna di Volterra, he trained in Florence in the studio of Domenico Ghirlandaio, and was employed painting frescoes for San Marco on commission of Lorenzo de'Medici...

  • Baccio d'Agnolo
    Baccio D'Agnolo
    Baccio D'Agnolo , born Bartolomeo Baglioni, was an Italian woodcarver, sculptor and architect from Florence."Baccio"'is an abbreviation of Bartolomeo, and "d'Agnolo" refers to Angelo, his father's name...

  • Valerio Vicentino
    Valerio Belli
    thumb|150px|right|A large bronze [[Casting |cast]] [[Medal|medallion]] created by Belli in the early sixteenth century.Valerio Belli , also known as Valerio Vicentino, was a celebrated medallist and engraver of gems noted by the art historian Giorgio Vasari...

     (Valerio Belli), Giovanni da Castel Bolognese
    Giovanni Bernardi
    Giovanni Bernardi , also known as Giovanni da Castel Bolognese and as Giovanni da Castelbolognese, was an Italian gem engraver and medalist who was born in Castel Bolognese, Italy. He was the son of a goldsmith and by 1530 had moved to Rome. His patrons include Pope Clement VII and Cardinal...

     (Giovanni Bernardi) and Matteo dal Nasaro Veronese
    Matteo dal Nasaro Veronese
    Matteo dal Nasaro Veronese , also known as Matteo dal Nasaro of Verona, was an Italian sculptor.He was born in Verona, Italy, but came to prominence in Paris...


Part 5

  • Marcantonio Bolognese
    Marcantonio Raimondi
    Marcantonio Raimondi, also simply Marcantonio, was an Italian engraver, known for being the first important printmaker whose body of work consists mainly of prints copying paintings. He is therefore a key figure in the rise of the reproductive print...

  • Antonio da Sangallo
    Antonio da Sangallo
    Antonio da Sangallo may refer to:* Antonio da Sangallo the Elder , Florentine architect* Antonio da Sangallo the Younger , , Florentine architect and the Elder's nephew...

  • Giulio Romano
    Giulio Romano
    Giulio Romano was an Italian painter and architect. A pupil of Raphael, his stylistic deviations from high Renaissance classicism help define the 16th-century style known as Mannerism...

  • Sebastiano del Piombo
    Sebastiano del Piombo
    Sebastiano del Piombo , byname of Sebastiano Luciani, was an Italian Renaissance-Mannerist painter of the early 16th century famous for his combination of the colors of the Venetian school and the monumental forms of the Roman school.- Biography :Sebastiano del Piombo belongs to the painting school...

      (Sebastiano Viniziano)
  • Perino Del Vaga
    Perin del Vaga
    Perino del Vaga was an Italian painter of the Late Renaissance/Mannerism.-Biography:...

  • Giovann'Antonio Lappoli
    Giovanni Antonio Lappoli
    Giovanni Antonio Lappoli was a Tuscan painter from Arezzo who painted in a Mannerist style.He was the son of the painter Matteo Lappoli. Originally trained with Domenico Pecori, but later assisted Pontormo in 1514. In 1524-7, he worked with Perin del Vaga in Rome. He became acquainted with both...

  • Niccolò Soggi
    Niccolò Soggi
    Niccolò Soggi was an Italian painter, born in Monte San Savino in the Province of Arezzo, Italy.He was a pupil of Pietro Perugino, and was in Rome during the pontificate of Pope Leo X. Soggi then moved to Prato, where Baldo Magini was his principal patron...

  • Niccolò detto il Tribolo
    Niccolò Tribolo
    Niccolò di Raffaello di Niccolò dei Pericoli, called "Il Tribolo" was an Italian Mannerist artist in the service of Cosimo I de' Medici in his natal city of Florence.-Life:...

  • Pierino da Vinci
    Pierino da Vinci
    Pierino da Vinci , born Pier Francesco di Bartolomeo di Ser Piero da Vinci, was an Italian sculptor, born in the small town of Vinci, Italy; he was the nephew of Leonardo da Vinci....

  • Domenico Beccafumi
  • Baccio Bandinelli
  • Giuliano Bugiardini
    Giuliano Bugiardini
    Giuliano Bugiardini was an Italian painter of the late-Renaissance period known as Mannerism, active mainly in Florence....

  • Cristofano Gherardi
    Cristofano Gherardi
    Cristofano Gherardi was an Italian painter of the late-Renaissance or Mannerist period, active mainly in Florence and Tuscany....

  • Jacopo da Pontormo
  • Simone Mosca
    Simone Mosca
    Simone Mosca , also known as Simone Moschini and as Il Moschini, was an Italian sculptor who was born in Settignano . His son was sculptor Francesco Mosca . During the late 1520s and early 1530s Simone worked with Michelangelo on the Medici Chapel in Florence...

  • Girolamo Genga
    Girolamo Genga
    Girolamo Genga was an Italian painter and architect of the late Renaissance, Mannerist style.- Biography :Genga was born in 1507 in a region near Urbino. According mainly to Giorgio Vasari's biography, by age thirteen Genga had gained an apprenticeship in Orvieto under Luca Signorelli...

    , Bartolommeo Genga
    Bartolommeo Genga
    Bartolommeo Genga was an Italian architect who was born in Cesena, Italy. He was the son of Girolamo Genga and the brother-in-law of Giovanni Battista Belluzzi . At 20 years of age, Bartolommeo went to Florence, to continue the studies he commenced with his father...

     and Giovanbatista San Marino
    Giovanni Battista Belluzzi
    Giovanni Battista Belluzzi , also known as Giovanni Battista di Bartolomeo Bellucci and as Il Sanmarino, was a Sammarinese architect...

     (Giovanni Battista Belluzzi)
  • Michele Sanmicheli
  • Giovannantonio detto il Soddoma da Verzelli
    Il Sodoma
    Il Sodoma was the name given to the Italian Renaissance painter Giovanni Antonio Bazzi. Il Sodoma painted in a manner that superimposed the High Renaissance style of early 16th-century Rome onto the traditions of the provincial Sienese school; he spent the bulk of his professional life in Siena,...

  • Bastiano detto Aristotile da San Gallo
    Bastiano da Sangallo
    Bastiano da Sangallo was an Italian sculptor and painter of the Renaissance period, active mainly in Tuscany. He was a nephew of Giuliano da Sangallo and Antonio da Sangallo the Elder. He is usually known as Aristotile, a nickname he received from his air of sententious gravity...

  • Benedetto Garofalo
    Benvenuto Tisi (il Garofalo)
    Benvenuto Tisi was a Late-Renaissance-Mannerist Italian painter of the School of Ferrara. Garofalo's career began attached to the court of the Duke d'Este...

     and Girolamo da Carpi
    Girolamo da Carpi
    Girolamo Da Carpi was an Italian painter and decorator who worked at the Court of the House of Este in Ferrara. He began painting in Ferrara, by report apprenticing to Benvenuto Tisi ; but by age 20, he had moved to Bologna, and is considered a figure of Early Renaissance painting of the local...

  • Ridolfo Ghirlandaio, Davide Ghirlandaio
    Davide Ghirlandaio
    Davide Ghirlandaio , also known as David Ghirlandaio and as Davide Bigordi, was an Italian painter and mosaicist, active in his native Florence....

     and Benedetto Ghirlandaio
    Benedetto Ghirlandaio
    Benedetto Ghirlandaio was an Italian painter. His brothers Davide Ghirlandaio and Domenico Ghirlandaio were both painters, as was his nephew Ridolfo Ghirlandaio...

  • Giovanni da Udine
    Giovanni da Udine
    Giovanni Nanni, also Giovanni de' Ricamatori, better known as Giovanni da Udine , was an Italian painter and architect born in Udine....

  • Battista Franco
  • Francesco Rustichi
    Giovanni Francesco Rustici
    Giovanni Francesco Rustici was an Italian Renaissance painter and sculptor.He was born into a noble family of Florence, with an independent income...

  • Fra' Giovann'Agnolo Montorsoli
    Giovanni Angelo Montorsoli
    Giovanni Antonio Montorsoli , also known as Fra Montorsoli, as Michele Agnolo and as Angelo di Michele d' Angelo da Poggibonsi, was an Italian sculptor.-Biography:...

  • Francesco detto de' Salviati
    Francesco de' Rossi (Il Salviati)
    Francesco de' Rossi was an Italian Mannerist painter from Florence, also active in Rome. He is known by many names, prominently the adopted name Francesco Salviati or as Il Salviati, but also Francesco Rossi and Cecchino del Salviati.-Biography:Salviati was born and died in Florence...

  • Daniello Ricciarelli da Volterra
    Daniele da Volterra
    Daniele Ricciarelli , better known as Daniele da Volterra, was an Italian mannerist painter and sculptor.He is best remembered for his association, for better or worse, with the late Michelangelo. Several of Daniele's most important works were based on designs made for that purpose by Michelangelo...

  • Taddeo Zucchero
    Taddeo Zuccari
    Taddeo Zuccari was an Italian painter, one of the most popular members of the Roman mannerist school.-Biography:...


Part 6

  • Michelangelo Buonarroti (Michelangelo)
  • Francesco Primaticcio
    Francesco Primaticcio
    Francesco Primaticcio was an Italian Mannerist painter, architect and sculptor who spent most of his career in France.-Biography:...

  • Tiziano da Cadore
    Titian
    Tiziano Vecelli or Tiziano Vecellio Tiziano Vecelli or Tiziano Vecellio Tiziano Vecelli or Tiziano Vecellio (c. 1488/1490 – 27 August 1576 better known as Titian was an Italian painter, the most important member of the 16th-century Venetian school. He was born in Pieve di Cadore, near...

     (Titian)
  • Jacopo Sansovino
    Jacopo Sansovino
    Jacopo d'Antonio Sansovino was an Italian sculptor and architect, known best for his works around the Piazza San Marco in Venice. Andrea Palladio, in the Preface to his Quattro Libri was of the opinion that Sansovino's Biblioteca Marciana was the best building erected since Antiquity...

  • Lione Aretino
    Leone Leoni
    Leone Leoni was an Italian sculptor of international outlook who travelled in Italy, Germany, Austria, France, the Spanish Netherlands and Spain. Leoni is regarded as the finest of the Cinquecento medallists. He made his reputation in commissions he received from the Habsburg monarchs Charles V,...

     (Leone Leoni)
  • Giulio Clovio, manuscript illuminator
    Illuminated manuscript
    An illuminated manuscript is a manuscript in which the text is supplemented by the addition of decoration, such as decorated initials, borders and miniature illustrations...

  • Bronzino
  • Giorgio Vasari
    Giorgio Vasari
    Giorgio Vasari was an Italian painter, writer, historian, and architect, who is famous today for his biographies of Italian artists, considered the ideological foundation of art-historical writing.-Biography:...


Copies of Vasari’s Lives of the Artists Online