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Livermore, Maine

Livermore, Maine

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Livermore is a town
New England town
The New England town is the basic unit of local government in each of the six New England states. Without a direct counterpart in most other U.S. states, New England towns are conceptually similar to civil townships in other states, but are incorporated, possessing powers like cities in other...

 in Androscoggin County
Androscoggin County, Maine
Androscoggin County is a county located in the U.S. state of Maine. As of the 2010 U.S. census, the county's population was 107,702. Its county seat is Auburn...

, Maine
Maine is a state in the New England region of the northeastern United States, bordered by the Atlantic Ocean to the east and south, New Hampshire to the west, and the Canadian provinces of Quebec to the northwest and New Brunswick to the northeast. Maine is both the northernmost and easternmost...

, United States
United States
The United States of America is a federal constitutional republic comprising fifty states and a federal district...

. The population was 2,106 at the 2000 census
United States Census, 2000
The Twenty-second United States Census, known as Census 2000 and conducted by the Census Bureau, determined the resident population of the United States on April 1, 2000, to be 281,421,906, an increase of 13.2% over the 248,709,873 persons enumerated during the 1990 Census...

. It is included in both the Lewiston
Lewiston, Maine
Lewiston is a city in Androscoggin County in Maine, and the second-largest city in the state. The population was 41,592 at the 2010 census. It is one of two principal cities of and included within the Lewiston-Auburn, Maine metropolitan New England city and town area and the Lewiston-Auburn, Maine...

Auburn, Maine
Auburn is a city in and the county seat of Androscoggin County, Maine, United States. The population was 23,055 at the 2010 census. It is one of two principal cities of and included in the Lewiston-Auburn, Maine metropolitan New England city and town area and the Lewiston-Auburn, Maine metropolitan...

, Maine Metropolitan Statistical Area and the Lewiston-Auburn, Maine Metropolitan New England City and Town Area
New England City and Town Area
A New England City and Town Area or NECTA is a geographic and statistical entity defined by the U.S. Office of Management and Budget, for use in describing aspects of the New England region of the United States...

. High schools students from Livermore attend Livermore Falls High School
Livermore Falls High School
Livermore Falls High School is a public high school in Livermore Falls, Maine. It is part of Regional School Unit 36, which includes the neighboring town of Livermore.-Building:The present home of Livermore Falls High School was built in 1968...

 in neighboring Livermore Falls
Livermore Falls, Maine
Livermore Falls is a town in Androscoggin County, Maine, United States. The population was 3,227 at the 2000 census. It is included in both the Lewiston-Auburn, Maine Metropolitan Statistical Area and the Lewiston-Auburn, Maine Metropolitan New England City and Town Area...

. Livermore is known for The Norlands
The Norlands
The Norlands is a historic site on Norlands Road in Livermore, Maine, United States. It was owned by Israel Washburn and his descendants.The site was built in 1821 and added to the National Register of Historic Places in 1969....

, the Washburn family home.


According to the United States Census Bureau
United States Census Bureau
The United States Census Bureau is the government agency that is responsible for the United States Census. It also gathers other national demographic and economic data...

, the town has a total area of 39.4 square miles (102 km²), of which, 37.7 square miles (97.6 km²) of it is land and 1.7 square miles (4.4 km²) of it (4.34%) is water.

Political Boundary Changes Concerning the Land of Livermore

1630 – Massachusetts founded

1652 – Yorkshire County established

1668 – Yorkshire County renamed to York County

1760 - Cumberland County was founded from a portion of York County.

1772 – Land Grant of Livermore

1795 – Organization and incorporation of Livermore

1805 – Oxford County was established

1820 – Maine became a state

1854 – Androscoggin County was established


As of the census
A census is the procedure of systematically acquiring and recording information about the members of a given population. It is a regularly occurring and official count of a particular population. The term is used mostly in connection with national population and housing censuses; other common...

of 2000, there were 2,106 people, 842 households, and 602 families residing in the town. The population density
Population density
Population density is a measurement of population per unit area or unit volume. It is frequently applied to living organisms, and particularly to humans...

 was 55.9 people per square mile (21.6/km²). There were 1,066 housing units at an average density of 28.3 per square mile (10.9/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 99.00% White, 0.24% African American, 0.05% Native American, and 0.71% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.33% of the population.

There were 842 households out of which 30.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 60.1% were married couples
Marriage is a social union or legal contract between people that creates kinship. It is an institution in which interpersonal relationships, usually intimate and sexual, are acknowledged in a variety of ways, depending on the culture or subculture in which it is found...

 living together, 6.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 28.5% were non-families. 23.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.50 and the average family size was 2.93.

In the town the population was spread out with 23.9% under the age of 18, 6.1% from 18 to 24, 30.0% from 25 to 44, 26.5% from 45 to 64, and 13.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females there were 111.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 105.0 males.

The median income for a household in the town was $38,850, and the median income for a family was $44,904. Males had a median income of $32,898 versus $25,208 for females. The per capita income
Per capita income
Per capita income or income per person is a measure of mean income within an economic aggregate, such as a country or city. It is calculated by taking a measure of all sources of income in the aggregate and dividing it by the total population...

 for the town was $17,706. About 2.0% of families and 5.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 4.3% of those under age 18 and 2.8% of those age 65 or over.

Notable people

  • Timothy O. Howe
    Timothy O. Howe
    Timothy Otis Howe was a member of the United States Senate, representing the state of Wisconsin from March 4, 1861, to March 4, 1879. He also served as U.S...

    , senator from Wisconsin.
  • Dorilus Morrison
    Dorilus Morrison
    Dorilus Morrison was a banker, businessman, and politician who lived in the U.S. state of Minnesota. He was the first and third mayor of Minneapolis. Morrison was born in Livermore, Maine, and was a lumber merchant in Bangor, Maine before moving to Minnesota. He was the cousin of William D...

    , first mayor of Minneapolis, cousin of the Washburn family.

The five following people are all brothers:
  • Cadwallader Colden Washburn (1818–1882), Civil War era general, 11th governor of Wisconsin, namesake of Washburn County
    Washburn County, Wisconsin
    Washburn County is a county in the U.S. state of Wisconsin. As of 2000, the population was 16,036. Its county seat is Shell Lake.-Geography:According to the U.S...

  • Charles Ames Washburn
    Charles Ames Washburn
    Charles Ames Washburn , also known as C. A. Washburn, was born in Livermore, Maine. He was the son of Israel Washburn Sr.; nephew of Reuel Washburn; brother of Israel, Jr., Elihu Benjamin, Cadwallader Colden and William Drew...

     (1822–1889), diplomatic commissioner to Paraguay
    Paraguay , officially the Republic of Paraguay , is a landlocked country in South America. It is bordered by Argentina to the south and southwest, Brazil to the east and northeast, and Bolivia to the northwest. Paraguay lies on both banks of the Paraguay River, which runs through the center of the...

     (1861–1863), minister to Paraguay (1863–68), invented an early typewriter.
  • Elihu B. Washburne
    Elihu B. Washburne
    Elihu Benjamin Washburne was one of seven brothers who played a prominent role in the early formation of the United States Republican Party...

     (1816–1887), congressman from Illinois (1853–1869), Secretary of State (1869).
  • Israel Washburn, Jr.
    Israel Washburn, Jr.
    Israel Washburn, Jr. was a United States political figure. Originally a member of the Whig Party, he later became a founding member of the Republican Party....

     (1813–1883), state congressmen (1842), U.S. congressmen, (1851–1861), 29th governor of Maine.
  • William D. Washburn
    William D. Washburn
    William Drew Washburn was an American politician. He served in both the United States House of Representatives and the United States Senate as a Republican from Minnesota. Three of his seven brothers became politicians: Elihu B. Washburne, Cadwallader C. Washburn, and Israel Washburn, Jr...

     (1831–1912), state congressman (1861), congressmen (1879–1885), and senator for Minnesota
    Minnesota is a U.S. state located in the Midwestern United States. The twelfth largest state of the U.S., it is the twenty-first most populous, with 5.3 million residents. Minnesota was carved out of the eastern half of the Minnesota Territory and admitted to the Union as the thirty-second state...


External links