The Live-In Caregiver Program
(LIC) is offered and administered by the government of Canada and is the primary means by which foreign caregiver
Caregiver may refer to:* Caregiver or carer - an unpaid person who cares for someone requiring support due to a disability, frailty, mental health problem, learning disability or old age...
s come to Canada as eldercare, special needs, and childcare providers.Citizenship and Immigration Canada
While such services are offered by Canadian citizens or foreign immigrants with Permanent Residence status (PR), government provisions for a room and board deduction as well as a basic rate of pay that frequently total provincial minimum wage
A minimum wage is the lowest hourly, daily or monthly remuneration that employers may legally pay to workers. Equivalently, it is the lowest wage at which workers may sell their labour. Although minimum wage laws are in effect in a great many jurisdictions, there are differences of opinion about...
standard allow for the program to be more affordable for many families.
Caregivers who come to Canada through the program are eligible to apply for PR status after working a minimum of two years within three years of their arrival. For many who would not otherwise qualify for PR status under any other category, this stands as one of the motivations for participation.
Critics contend that as a means of boosting immigration
Immigration is the act of foreigners passing or coming into a country for the purpose of permanent residence...
to Canada, the program fails to attract caregivers from a diverse pool of countries. For example, the Philippine nanny is often improperly stereotyped as the program's main market for applicants. While there may be a large and functional industry in the Philippines to produce qualified applicants, individuals from nearly every nation can qualify. Some caregiver placement agencies are substantially broader through their international advertising and the use of immigration legal services.
Standard qualifications are regulated federally, though conditions of employment are determined at a provincial level. Requirements include a minimum of 6 months of training or 1 year of compatible employment within the last 3 years - though various exceptions and additional stipulations do apply. Citizenship and Immigration Canada
Such regulations and complicating bureaucratic procedures are the driving force behind the creation of Live-In Caregiver (or Nanny) placement agencies, who act as a mediator between families, caregivers, and the government - providing support for documentation and advice on the program.