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List of the 100 largest municipalities in Canada by population

List of the 100 largest municipalities in Canada by population

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The table below lists the 100 largest municipalities in Canada
Canada
Canada is a North American country consisting of ten provinces and three territories. Located in the northern part of the continent, it extends from the Atlantic Ocean in the east to the Pacific Ocean in the west, and northward into the Arctic Ocean...

 by population, using data from the Canada
Canada
Canada is a North American country consisting of ten provinces and three territories. Located in the northern part of the continent, it extends from the Atlantic Ocean in the east to the Pacific Ocean in the west, and northward into the Arctic Ocean...

 2006 census
Canada 2006 Census
The Canada 2006 Census was a detailed enumeration of the Canadian population. Census day was May 16, 2006. The next census following will be the 2011 Census. Canada's total population enumerated by the 2006 census was 31,612,897...

 for census subdivisions.

This list includes only the population within a municipality's boundaries as defined at the time of the census. Many municipalities are part of a larger census metropolitan area or census agglomeration. For their ranking, see the list of the 100 largest metropolitan areas in Canada.

List

Rank Municipality Province Type Land Area (km2) Population 2006 Population 2001 Population 1996 Change 1996–2006
1 Toronto
Toronto
Toronto is the provincial capital of Ontario and the largest city in Canada. It is located in Southern Ontario on the northwestern shore of Lake Ontario. A relatively modern city, Toronto's history dates back to the late-18th century, when its land was first purchased by the British monarchy from...

Ontario
Ontario
Ontario is a province of Canada, located in east-central Canada. It is Canada's most populous province and second largest in total area. It is home to the nation's most populous city, Toronto, and the nation's capital, Ottawa....

city 630.18 2,503,281 2,481,494 2,385,421 4.9
2 Montreal
Montreal
Montreal is a city in Canada. It is the largest city in the province of Quebec, the second-largest city in Canada and the seventh largest in North America...

Quebec
Quebec
Quebec or is a province in east-central Canada. It is the only Canadian province with a predominantly French-speaking population and the only one whose sole official language is French at the provincial level....

ville 365.13 1,620,693 1,583,590 1,547,030 4.8
3 Calgary
Calgary
Calgary is a city in the Province of Alberta, Canada. It is located in the south of the province, in an area of foothills and prairie, approximately east of the front ranges of the Canadian Rockies...

Alberta
Alberta
Alberta is a province of Canada. It had an estimated population of 3.7 million in 2010 making it the most populous of Canada's three prairie provinces...

city 726.50 988,193 879,003 768,082 28.7
4 Ottawa
Ottawa
Ottawa is the capital of Canada, the second largest city in the Province of Ontario, and the fourth largest city in the country. The city is located on the south bank of the Ottawa River in the eastern portion of Southern Ontario...

Ontario city 2,778.64 812,129 774,072 721,136 12.6
5 Edmonton
Edmonton
Edmonton is the capital of the Canadian province of Alberta and is the province's second-largest city. Edmonton is located on the North Saskatchewan River and is the centre of the Edmonton Capital Region, which is surrounded by the central region of the province.The city and its census...

Alberta city 684.37 730,372 666,104 616,306 18.5
6 Mississauga Ontario city 288.53 668,549 612,000 544,382 22.8
7 Winnipeg
Winnipeg
Winnipeg is the capital and largest city of Manitoba, Canada, and is the primary municipality of the Winnipeg Capital Region, with more than half of Manitoba's population. It is located near the longitudinal centre of North America, at the confluence of the Red and Assiniboine Rivers .The name...

Manitoba
Manitoba
Manitoba is a Canadian prairie province with an area of . The province has over 110,000 lakes and has a largely continental climate because of its flat topography. Agriculture, mostly concentrated in the fertile southern and western parts of the province, is vital to the province's economy; other...

city 464.01 633,451 619,544 618,477 2.4
8 Vancouver
Vancouver
Vancouver is a coastal seaport city on the mainland of British Columbia, Canada. It is the hub of Greater Vancouver, which, with over 2.3 million residents, is the third most populous metropolitan area in the country,...

British Columbia
British Columbia
British Columbia is the westernmost of Canada's provinces and is known for its natural beauty, as reflected in its Latin motto, Splendor sine occasu . Its name was chosen by Queen Victoria in 1858...

city 114.71 578,041 545,671 514,008 12.5
9 Hamilton
Hamilton, Ontario
Hamilton is a port city in the Canadian province of Ontario. Conceived by George Hamilton when he purchased the Durand farm shortly after the War of 1812, Hamilton has become the centre of a densely populated and industrialized region at the west end of Lake Ontario known as the Golden Horseshoe...

Ontario city 1117.21 504,559 490,268 467,799 7.9
10 Quebec City
Quebec City
Quebec , also Québec, Quebec City or Québec City is the capital of the Canadian province of Quebec and is located within the Capitale-Nationale region. It is the second most populous city in Quebec after Montreal, which is about to the southwest...

Quebec ville 454.26 491,142 476,330 467,728 5.0
11 Brampton
Brampton
Brampton is the third-largest city in the Greater Toronto Area of Ontario, Canada.Brampton may also refer to:- Canada :* Brampton, a city in Ontario** Brampton GO Station, a station in the GO Transit network located in the city- United Kingdom :...

Ontario city 266.71 433,806 325,428 268,251 61.7
12 Surrey
Surrey, British Columbia
Surrey is a city in the province of British Columbia, Canada. It is a member municipality of Metro Vancouver, the governing body of the Greater Vancouver Regional District...

British Columbia city 317.19 394,976 347,820 304,477 29.7
13 Halifax Nova Scotia
Nova Scotia
Nova Scotia is one of Canada's three Maritime provinces and is the most populous province in Atlantic Canada. The name of the province is Latin for "New Scotland," but "Nova Scotia" is the recognized, English-language name of the province. The provincial capital is Halifax. Nova Scotia is the...

regional municipality
Regional municipality
A regional municipality is a type of Canadian municipal government similar to and at the same municipal government level as a county, although the specific structure and servicing responsibilities may vary from place to place...

5,490.18 372,679 359,111 342,851 8.7
14 Laval
Laval, Quebec
Laval is a Canadian city and a region in southwestern Quebec. It is the largest suburb of Montreal, the third largest municipality in the province of Quebec, and the 14th largest city in Canada with a population of 368,709 in 2006...

Quebec ville 247.09 368,709 343,005 330,393 11.6
15 London
London, Ontario
London is a city in Southwestern Ontario, Canada, situated along the Quebec City – Windsor Corridor. The city has a population of 352,395, and the metropolitan area has a population of 457,720, according to the 2006 Canadian census; the metro population in 2009 was estimated at 489,274. The city...

Ontario city 420.57 352,395 336,539 325,669 8.2
16 Markham
Markham, Ontario
Markham is a town in the Regional Municipality of York, located within the Greater Toronto Area of Southern Ontario, Canada. The population was 261,573 at the 2006 Canadian census...

Ontario town 212.58 261,573 208,615 173,383 50.9
17 Gatineau
Gatineau
Gatineau is a city in western Quebec, Canada. It is the fourth largest city in the province. It is located on the northern banks of the Ottawa River, immediately across from Ottawa, Ontario, and together they form Canada's National Capital Region. Ottawa and Gatineau comprise a single Census...

Quebec ville 342.21 242,124 226,696 217,591 11.2
18 Vaughan
Vaughan
Vaughan is a city in York Region north of Toronto, Ontario, Canada. Vaughan is the fastest growing municipality in Canada achieving a population growth rate of 80.2% between 1996–2006, according to Statistics Canada having nearly doubled in population since 1991. Vaughan is located in Southern...

Ontario city 273.58 238,866 182,022 132,549 80.2
19 Longueuil
Longueuil
Longueuil is a city in the province of Quebec, Canada. It is the seat of the Montérégie administrative region and sits on the south shore of the Saint Lawrence River directly across from Montreal. The population as of the Canada 2006 Census totaled 229,330, making it the third largest city in...

Quebec ville 115.59 229,330 225,761 225,722 1.6
20 Windsor
Windsor, Ontario
Windsor is the southernmost city in Canada and is located in Southwestern Ontario at the western end of the heavily populated Quebec City – Windsor Corridor. It is within Essex County, Ontario, although administratively separated from the county government. Separated by the Detroit River, Windsor...

Ontario city 146.91 216,473 209,218 197,694 9.5
21 Kitchener
Kitchener, Ontario
The City of Kitchener is a city in Southern Ontario, Canada. It was the Town of Berlin from 1854 until 1912 and the City of Berlin from 1912 until 1916. The city had a population of 204,668 in the Canada 2006 Census...

Ontario city 136.89 204,668 190,399 178,420 14.7
22 Burnaby British Columbia city 89.12 202,799 193,954 179,209 13.2
23 Saskatoon
Saskatoon
Saskatoon is a city in central Saskatchewan, Canada, on the South Saskatchewan River. Residents of the city of Saskatoon are called Saskatonians. The city is surrounded by the Rural Municipality of Corman Park No. 344....

Saskatchewan
Saskatchewan
Saskatchewan is a prairie province in Canada, which has an area of . Saskatchewan is bordered on the west by Alberta, on the north by the Northwest Territories, on the east by Manitoba, and on the south by the U.S. states of Montana and North Dakota....

city 217.92 202,340 196,861 193,653 4.5
24 Regina
Regina, Saskatchewan
Regina is the capital city of the Canadian province of Saskatchewan. The city is the second-largest in the province and a cultural and commercial centre for southern Saskatchewan. It is governed by Regina City Council. Regina is the cathedral city of the Roman Catholic and Romanian Orthodox...

Saskatchewan city 118.87 179,246 178,225 180,404 −0.6
25 Richmond
Richmond, British Columbia
Richmond is a coastal city, incorporated in the Canadian province of British Columbia. Part of Metro Vancouver, its neighbouring communities are Vancouver and Burnaby to the north, New Westminster to the east, and Delta to the south, while the Strait of Georgia forms its western border...

British Columbia city 128.76 174,461 164,345 148,867 17.2
26 Oakville
Oakville, Ontario
Oakville is a town in Halton Region, on Lake Ontario in Southern Ontario, Canada, and is part of the Greater Toronto Area. As of the 2006 census the population was 165,613.-History:In 1793, Dundas Street was surveyed for a military road...

Ontario town 138.56 165,613 144,738 128,405 29.0
27 Burlington
Burlington, Ontario
Burlington , is a city located in Halton Region at the western end of Lake Ontario. Burlington is part of the Greater Toronto Area, and is also included in the Hamilton Census Metropolitan Area. Physically, Burlington lies between the north shore of Lake Ontario and the Niagara Escarpment...

Ontario city 185.74 164,415 150,836 136,976 20.0
28 Richmond Hill
Richmond Hill, Ontario
Richmond Hill is a town located in Southern Ontario, Canada in the central portion of York Region, Ontario. It is part of the Greater Toronto Area, being located about halfway between Toronto and Lake Simcoe...

Ontario town 100.89 162,704 132,030 101,725 60.0
29 Greater Sudbury Ontario city 3,200.56 157,857 155,219 165,336 −4.5
30 Sherbrooke Quebec ville 353.46 147,427 138,785 136,883 7.7
31 Saguenay
Saguenay, Quebec
Saguenay is a city in the Saguenay-Lac-Saint-Jean region of Quebec, Canada, on the Saguenay River, about north of Quebec City....

Quebec ville 1,126.27 143,692 147,133 152,811 −6.0
32 Oshawa
Oshawa
Oshawa is a city in Ontario, Canada, on the Lake Ontario shoreline. It lies in Southern Ontario approximately 60 kilometres east of downtown Toronto. It is commonly viewed as the eastern anchor of both the Greater Toronto Area and the Golden Horseshoe. It is now commonly referred to as the most...

Ontario city 145.65 141,590 139,051 134,464 5.3
33 St. Catharines Ontario city 96.11 131,989 129,170 130,926 0.8
34 Lévis
Lévis, Quebec
Lévis is a city in eastern Quebec, Canada. It is located on the south shore of the St. Lawrence River, opposite Quebec City. A ferry links Old Quebec with Old Lévis, and two bridges, the Quebec Bridge and the Pierre Laporte Bridge, connect western Lévis with Quebec City. The Société de transport de...

Quebec ville 449.32 130,006 121,999 103,750 25.3
35 Barrie
Barrie
Barrie may refer to:* Barrie, city in Ontario, Canada* Barrie , Canadian federal electoral district* Barrie , provincial electoral district* Barrie—Simcoe—Bradford, former Canadian electoral district...

Ontario city 76.99 128,430 103,710 79,191 62.1
36 Trois-Rivières
Trois-Rivières
Trois-Rivières means three rivers in French and may refer to:in Canada*Trois-Rivières, the largest city in the Mauricie region of Quebec, Canada*Circuit Trois-Rivières, a racetrack in Trois-Rivières, Quebec...

Quebec ville 288.92 126,323 122,395 124,417 1.5
37 Abbotsford
Abbotsford, British Columbia
Abbotsford is a Canadian city located in the Lower Mainland of British Columbia, adjacent to Greater Vancouver. It is the fifth largest municipality in British Columbia, home to 123,864 people . Its Census Metropolitan Area, which includes the District of Mission, is the 23rd largest in Canada,...

British Columbia city 359.36 123,864 115,494 105,403 17.5
38 Cambridge
Cambridge, Ontario
Cambridge is a city located in Southern Ontario at the confluence of the Grand and Speed rivers in the Regional Municipality of Waterloo, Ontario, Canada. It is an amalgamation of the City of Galt, the towns of Preston and Hespeler, and the hamlet of Blair.Galt covers the largest portion of...

Ontario city 112.86 120,371 110,372 101,429 18.7
39 Kingston
Kingston, Ontario
Kingston, Ontario is a Canadian city located in Eastern Ontario where the St. Lawrence River flows out of Lake Ontario. Originally a First Nations settlement called "Katarowki," , growing European exploration in the 17th Century made it an important trading post...

Ontario city 450.39 117,207 114,195 112,605 4.1
40 Guelph
Guelph
Guelph is a city in Ontario, Canada.Guelph may also refer to:* Guelph , consisting of the City of Guelph, Ontario* Guelph , as the above* University of Guelph, in the same city...

Ontario city 86.72 114,943 106,170 95,821 20.0
41 Coquitlam British Columbia city 152.5 114,565 112,890 101,820 12.5
42 Whitby
Whitby, Ontario
Whitby is a town in Durham Region. Whitby is located in Southern Ontario east of Toronto on the north shore of Lake Ontario, and is home to the headquarters of Durham Region...

Ontario town 146.52 111,184 87,413 73,794 50.7
43 Thunder Bay
Thunder Bay
-In Canada:Thunder Bay is the name of three places in the province of Ontario, Canada along Lake Superior:*Thunder Bay District, Ontario, a district in Northwestern Ontario*Thunder Bay, a city in Thunder Bay District*Thunder Bay, Unorganized, Ontario...

Ontario city 328.5 109,140 109,016 113,662 −4.0
44 Saanich
Saanich, British Columbia
The District of Saanich is a municipality on Vancouver Island in British Columbia. It is located north of the provincial capital, Victoria. It has a population of 108,265 people, making it the most populous municipality on Vancouver Island, and the seventh most populous in the province...

British Columbia district municipality
District municipality
A district municipality is a designation for a class of municipalities found in several locations, including Canada, Lithuania, and South Africa.-Usage in British Columbia:...

103.44 108,265 103,654 101,388 6.8
45 Chatham-Kent
Chatham-Kent, Ontario
Chatham–Kent is a unitary authority in Southwestern Ontario, Canada. Mostly rural, its centres of population are Blenheim, Chatham, Dresden, Ridgetown, Tilbury and Wallaceburg. Modern Chatham–Kent was created in 1998 by the merger of Kent County and its municipalities.- History :The former city of...

Ontario municipality 2,458.06 108,177 107,341 109,950 −1.6
46 Kelowna
Kelowna
Kelowna is a city on Okanagan Lake in the Okanagan Valley, in the southern interior of British Columbia, Canada. Its name derives from a Okanagan language term for "grizzly bear"...

British Columbia city 211.69 106,707 96,288 89,442 19.3
47 Cape Breton
Cape Breton Regional Municipality, Nova Scotia
Cape Breton Regional Municipality often shortened to simply CBRM, is a regional municipality in Nova Scotia's Cape Breton County.According to the 2006 Census of Canada, the population within the Cape Breton Regional Municipality is 102,250...

Nova Scotia regional municipality 2,433.33 102,250 105,968 114,733 −10.9
48 St. John's
St. John's, Newfoundland and Labrador
St. John's is the capital and largest city in Newfoundland and Labrador, and is the oldest English-founded city in North America. It is located on the eastern tip of the Avalon Peninsula on the island of Newfoundland. With a population of 192,326 as of July 1, 2010, the St...

Newfoundland and Labrador
Newfoundland and Labrador
Newfoundland and Labrador is the easternmost province of Canada. Situated in the country's Atlantic region, it incorporates the island of Newfoundland and mainland Labrador with a combined area of . As of April 2011, the province's estimated population is 508,400...

city 446.04 100,646 99,182 101,936 −1.3
49 Waterloo
Waterloo, Ontario
Waterloo is a city in Southern Ontario, Canada. It is the smallest of the three cities in the Regional Municipality of Waterloo, and is adjacent to the city of Kitchener....

Ontario city 64.10 97,475 86,543 77,949 25.1
50 Delta
Delta, British Columbia
Delta is a district municipality in British Columbia, and forms part of Metro Vancouver. Located south of Richmond, it is bordered by the Fraser River to the north, the United States to the south and the city of Surrey to the east...

British Columbia district municipality 183.70 96,723 96,950 95,411 1.4
51 Terrebonne
Terrebonne, Quebec
Terrebonne is an off-island suburb of Montreal, in western Quebec, Canada. It is located on the north shores of the Rivière des Mille-Îles and of the Rivière des Prairies, North of Montreal and Laval....

Quebec ville 154.60 94,703 80,536 75,116 26.1
52 Langley
Langley, British Columbia (district municipality)
The Township of Langley is a district municipality immediately east of the City of Surrey in southwestern British Columbia, Canada. It extends south from the Fraser River to the U.S. border, and west of the City of Abbotsford...

British Columbia district municipality 306.93 93,726 86,896 80,179 16.9
53 Brantford Ontario city 72.47 90,192 86,417 86,417 4.4
54 Ajax
Ajax, Ontario
Ajax is a town in the Durham Region in the Greater Toronto Area.The town is named for the HMS Ajax a Royal Navy cruiser that served in World War II. Ajax is a part of the Greater Toronto Area and the...

Ontario town 67.09 90,167 73,753 64,430 40.0
55 Pickering
Pickering, Ontario
Pickering is a city located in Southern Ontario, Canada immediately east of Toronto in Durham Region. It is part of the Greater Toronto Area, the largest metropolitan area in Canada.- Early Period :...

Ontario city 231.58 87,838 87,139 78,989 11.3
56 Saint-Jean-sur-Richelieu Quebec ville 225.78 87,492 79,600 76,461 14.4
57 Red Deer
Red Deer, Alberta
Red Deer is a city in Central Alberta, Canada. It is located near the midpoint of the Calgary-Edmonton Corridor and is surrounded by Red Deer County. It is Alberta's third-most-populous city – after Calgary and Edmonton. The city is located in aspen parkland, a region of rolling hills...

Alberta city 69.23 82,772 67,829 60,080 37.8
58 North Vancouver
North Vancouver, British Columbia (district municipality)
The District of North Vancouver is a district municipality in British Columbia and is part of the GVRD. It surrounds the City of North Vancouver on three sides.-Geography:The District of North Vancouver is separated from Vancouver by Burrard Inlet...

British Columbia district municipality 160.47 82,562 82,310 80,418 2.7
59 Strathcona County
Strathcona County, Alberta
Strathcona County is a specialized municipality in central Alberta, Canada between Edmonton and Elk Island National Park.It is located in Division No. 11 and is also part of the Edmonton Census Metropolitan Area. More than half of the population lives in Sherwood Park, a large community east of...

Alberta specialized municipality
Specialized municipalities of Alberta
A specialized municipality is a type of municipal status used in the Canadian Province of Alberta. Alberta specialized municipalities are unique local governments that can be formed without resorting to special acts of Alberta's legislature...

1,179 82,511 71,986 64,176 28.6
60 Niagara Falls
Niagara Falls, Ontario
Niagara Falls is a Canadian city on the Niagara River in the Golden Horseshoe region of Southern Ontario. The municipality was incorporated on June 12, 1903...

Ontario city 209.58 82,184 78,815 76,917 6.8
61 Kamloops British Columbia city 297.3 80,376 77,281 76,394 5.2
62 Nanaimo British Columbia city 89.30 78,692 73,000 70,130 12.2
63 Victoria
Victoria, British Columbia
Victoria is the capital city of British Columbia, Canada and is located on the southern tip of Vancouver Island off Canada's Pacific coast. The city has a population of about 78,000 within the metropolitan area of Greater Victoria, which has a population of 360,063, the 15th most populous Canadian...

British Columbia city 19.68 78,057 74,125 73,405 6.3
64 Clarington Ontario municipality 611.1 77,820 69,834 60,615 28.3
65 Repentigny
Repentigny, Quebec
Repentigny is an off-island suburb of Montreal, in the province of Quebec, located north of Montreal, on the lower end of the L'Assomption River and on the Saint Lawrence River. Repentigny and Charlemagne are the first towns off the island of Montreal.-History:...

Quebec ville 61.76 76,237 72,218 70,677 7.9
66 Sault Ste. Marie
Sault Ste. Marie, Ontario
Sault Ste. Marie is a city on the St. Marys River in Algoma District, Ontario, Canada. It is the third largest city in Northern Ontario, after Sudbury and Thunder Bay, with a population of 74,948. The community was founded as a French religious mission: Sault either means "jump" or "rapids" in...

Ontario city 221.71 74,948 74,566 80,054 −6.4
67 Peterborough
Peterborough, Ontario
Peterborough is a city on the Otonabee River in southern Ontario, Canada, 125 kilometres northeast of Toronto. The population of the City of Peterborough was 74,898 as of the 2006 census, while the census metropolitan area has a population of 121,428 as of a 2009 estimate. It presently ranks...

Ontario city 58.40 74,898 71,446 69,742 7.4
68 Lethbridge
Lethbridge
Lethbridge is a city in the province of Alberta, Canada, and the largest city in southern Alberta. It is Alberta's fourth-largest city by population after Calgary, Edmonton and Red Deer, and the third-largest by area after Calgary and Edmonton. The nearby Canadian Rockies contribute to the city's...

Alberta city 121.97 74,637 67,374 63,053 18.4
69 Kawartha Lakes
Kawartha Lakes
The city of Kawartha Lakes is a unitary municipality in Central Ontario, Canada. Although called a city, Kawartha Lakes is the size of a typical Ontarian county and is mostly rural....

Ontario city 3,059.47 74,561 69,179 67,926 9.8
70 Newmarket
Newmarket, Ontario
Newmarket is a town in Southern Ontario located approximately 50 km north of downtown Toronto, Ontario, Canada. It is part of the Greater Toronto Area and is connected to Toronto by freeway, and is served by three interchanges along Highway 404. It is also connected to Highway 400 via Highway 9...

Ontario town 38.07 74,295 65,788 57,125 30.0
71 Sarnia
Sarnia, Ontario
Sarnia is a city in Southern Ontario, Canada . It is the largest city on Lake Huron and is located where the upper Great Lakes empty into the St. Clair River....

Ontario city 164.63 71,419 70,876 72,738 −1.8
72 Brossard
Brossard
Brossard is a suburban area, located on the south shore of the Saint Lawrence River, opposite the island and city of Montreal.Brossard is subdivided into many smaller sections. These sections are characterized by having street names that all begin with the same letter of the alphabet...

Quebec ville 45.2 71,154 65,026 65,927 7.9
73 Prince George
Prince George, British Columbia
Prince George, with a population of 71,030 , is the largest city in northern British Columbia, Canada, and is known as "BC's Northern Capital"...

British Columbia city 316 70,981 72,406 75,510 −6.0
74 Chilliwack
Chilliwack, British Columbia
Chilliwack is a Canadian city in the Province of British Columbia. It is a predominantly agricultural community with an estimated population of 80,000 people. Chilliwack is the second largest city in the Fraser Valley Regional District after Abbotsford. The city is surrounded by mountains and...

British Columbia city 260.19 69,217 62,567 60,186 15.0
75 Maple Ridge
Maple Ridge, British Columbia
Maple Ridge is a District Municipality in British Columbia, located in the northeastern section of Metro Vancouver. Maple Ridge has a population of approximately 68,949.-History:...

British Columbia district municipality 265.79 68,949 63,169 56,173 22.7
76 Saint John
Saint John, New Brunswick
City of Saint John , or commonly Saint John, is the largest city in the province of New Brunswick, and the first incorporated city in Canada. The city is situated along the north shore of the Bay of Fundy at the mouth of the Saint John River. In 2006 the city proper had a population of 74,043...

New Brunswick
New Brunswick
New Brunswick is one of Canada's three Maritime provinces and is the only province in the federation that is constitutionally bilingual . The provincial capital is Fredericton and Saint John is the most populous city. Greater Moncton is the largest Census Metropolitan Area...

city 315.49 68,043 69,661 72,494 −6.1
77 Drummondville Quebec ville 246.79 67,392 63,029 58,588 15.0
78 Moncton New Brunswick city 141.17 64,128 61,046 59,313 8.1
79 Saint-Jérôme
Saint-Jérôme, Quebec
Saint-Jérôme is a town in Quebec, Canada, near Mirabel, about northwest of Montreal along Autoroute des Laurentides. The town is a gateway to the Laurentian Mountains and its resorts....

Quebec ville 90.50 63,729 59,614 59,533 7.0
80 Norfolk County
Norfolk County, Ontario
Norfolk County is a rural city-status single-tier municipality on the north shore of Lake Erie in Southwestern Ontario, Canada. Bloomsburg is a small town located in Norfolk County and is the hometown of David Slater. The county seat and largest community is Simcoe...

Ontario city 1,606.91 62,563 60,847 60,534 3.4
81 New Westminster British Columbia city 15.4 58,549 54,656 49,350 18.6
82 St. Albert
St. Albert, Alberta
St. Albert is a suburban city in Alberta, located northwest of Edmonton, on the Sturgeon River. It was originally settled as a Métis community, and is now the second largest city in the Edmonton area. St...

Alberta city 35.04 57,719 53,081 46,888 23.1
83 Caledon
Caledon, Ontario
Caledon is a town in the Regional Municipality of Peel in the Greater Toronto Area of Ontario, Canada. In terms of land use, Caledon is somewhat urban, though it is primarily rural in nature...

Ontario town 687.17 57,050 50,605 39,893 43.0
84 Medicine Hat Alberta city 112.01 56,997 51,249 46,783 21.8
85 Halton Hills
Halton Hills, Ontario
Halton Hills is a town in the Regional Municipality of Halton, west of Toronto, Ontario, Canada. It is located within the Greater Toronto Area....

Ontario town 276.26 55,289 48,184 42,390 30.4
86 North Bay
North Bay, Ontario
North Bay is a city in Northeastern Ontario, Canada. It is the seat of Nipissing District, and takes its name from its position on the shore of Lake Nipissing.-History:...

Ontario city 314.91 53,966 52,771 54,332 −0.7
87 Milton
Milton, Ontario
Milton is a town in Southern Ontario, Canada, and part of the Halton Region in the Greater Toronto Area. Milton received a tremendous amount of awareness following the release of the results of the 2006 Census, which indicated that Milton is the fastest growing municipality in the Greater Golden...

Ontario town 366.61 53,939 31,471 32,104 68.0
88 Port Coquitlam British Columbia city 28.79 52,687 51,257 46,682 12.9
89 Shawinigan Quebec ville 733.27 51,904 52,040 56,721 −8.5
90 Saint-Hyacinthe
Saint-Hyacinthe, Quebec
Saint-Hyacinthe is a city in southwestern Quebec east of Montreal on the Yamaska River. The population as of the Canada 2006 Census was 55,823. The city is located in Les Maskoutains Regional County Municipality of the Montérégie region, and is traversed by the Yamaska River which flows...

Quebec ville 188.69 51,616 50,394 50,027 3.2
91 Wood Buffalo
Wood Buffalo, Alberta
The Regional Municipality of Wood Buffalo is a specialized municipality located in northeastern Alberta. Formed as a result of the amalgamation of the City of Fort McMurray and Improvement District No. 143 on April 1, 1995, it is the second largest municipality in Alberta by area...

Alberta specialized municipality 63,342.89 51,496 41,445 35,213 61.9
92 Fredericton New Brunswick city 130.68 50,535 47,580 46,507 8.7
93 Welland
Welland, Ontario
Welland is a city in the Regional Municipality of Niagara in Southern Ontario, Canada.The city has been traditionally known as the place where rails and water meet, referring to the railways from Buffalo to Toronto and Southwestern Ontario, and the waterways of Welland Canal and Welland River,...

Ontario city 81.09 50,331 48,402 48,411 4.0
94 Dollard-des-Ormeaux Quebec ville 15.1 48,930 48,206 47,826 2.3
95 Belleville
Belleville, Ontario
Belleville is a city located at the mouth of the Moira River on the Bay of Quinte in Southern Ontario, Canada, in the Quebec City-Windsor Corridor. It is the seat of Hastings County, but is politically independent of it. and the centre of the Bay of Quinte Region...

Ontario city 246.76 48,821 46,029 46,195 5.7
96 Granby
Granby, Quebec
Granby is a city in southwestern Quebec, located east of Montreal. The population as of the Canada 2006 Census was 47,637. Granby is the seat of La Haute-Yamaska Regional County Municipality. It is the fifth most populated city in Montérégie after Longueuil, Saint-Jean-sur-Richelieu, Brossard and...

Quebec ville 72.05 47,637 44,121 43,316 10.0
97 Aurora
Aurora, Ontario
Aurora is an affluent town in York Region, approximately 20 km north of Toronto. It is partially situated on the Oak Ridges Moraine, and is a part of the Greater Toronto Area and Golden Horseshoe of Southern Ontario.Many Aurora residents commute to Toronto and surrounding communities.In the...

Ontario town 49.61 47,629 40,167 34,857 36.6
98 Grande Prairie Alberta city 61.08 47,076 36,983 31,353 50.1
99 Blainville
Blainville, Quebec
Blainville is an off-island suburb of Montreal, in southwestern Quebec and is located northwest of downtown Montreal.The idyllic setting and small town environment makes for a sharp contrast with the booming urban centre next door. Blainville sits right at the foot of the Laurentians, an ancient...

Quebec ville 55.10 46,493 36,029 29,603 57.1
100 Cornwall
Cornwall, Ontario
Cornwall is a city in Eastern Ontario, Canada and the seat of the United Counties of Stormont, Dundas and Glengarry, Ontario. Cornwall is Ontario's easternmost city, located on the St...

Ontario city 61.83 45,965 45,640 47,403 −3.0


Shown above, over half of the 100 largest Canadian municipalities are located in one of the two largest provinces – Ontario and Quebec. Very few are listed as being in one of the Atlantic Provinces – New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, Prince Edward Island, and Newfoundland and Labrador, as well as the Prairie Provinces – Manitoba, Saskatchewan, and Alberta. There are none listed in the Territories – Nunavut, Northwest Territories, and Yukon. The last province, with an average (relatively) amount of cities listed, is British Columbia.

Most growth 2001–2006

Census Subdivision 2006 Population % vs 2001
Chestermere, Alberta
Chestermere, Alberta
Chestermere is a town adjacent to the City of Calgary in the Province of Alberta, Canada within Rocky View County. It is largely a bedroom community of Calgary and is a member municipality of the Calgary Regional Partnership...

 (town)
9,564 148.0
Milton, Ontario
Milton, Ontario
Milton is a town in Southern Ontario, Canada, and part of the Halton Region in the Greater Toronto Area. Milton received a tremendous amount of awareness following the release of the results of the 2006 Census, which indicated that Milton is the fastest growing municipality in the Greater Golden...

 (town)
53,939 71.4
Okotoks, Alberta
Okotoks, Alberta
Okotoks is a town situated on the Sheep River, south of Calgary, Alberta, Canada. The town is a member of the Calgary Regional Partnership, a cooperative of communities within the Calgary Region. Okotoks has become a popular bedroom community for the City of Calgary...

 (town)
17,145 46.7
Airdrie, Alberta
Airdrie, Alberta
Airdrie is a city in Alberta, Canada, located just north of Calgary within the Calgary–Edmonton Corridor. The City of Airdrie is part of Calgary's Census Metropolitan Area and a member community of the Calgary Regional Partnership . Due to its proximity to Calgary, Airdrie's population has been...

 (city)
28,927 41.8
Greater Vancouver A, British Columbia (regional district electoral area) 11,050 37.5
Sylvan Lake, Alberta
Sylvan Lake, Alberta
Sylvan Lake is a town in central Alberta, Canada. It is located west of the City of Red Deer along Highway 11 or Highway 11A. It is situated on the southeast edge of Sylvan Lake, a long freshwater lake, in Red Deer County....

 (town)
10,208 36.1
Cantley, Quebec
Cantley, Quebec
Cantley, Quebec, Canada, is a rural municipality north of the city of Gatineau, east of the Gatineau River, located within Canada's National Capital Region approximately 15–20 minutes from Parliament Hill. The population in 2006 was 7,926. Between 2001 and 2006, Cantley had the largest population...

 (municipalité)
7,926 34.4
Saint-Colomban, Quebec
Saint-Colomban, Quebec
Saint-Colomban is a parish municipality in the regional county municipality of La Rivière-du-Nord in Québec, Canada. It is situated in the Laurentides region of Québec and was named in honour of Saint Columbanus....

 (paroisse)
10,136 34.8
Strathmore, Alberta
Strathmore, Alberta
Strathmore is a town located along the Trans-Canada Highway in southern Alberta, Canada, east of the city of Calgary, within the boundaries of Wheatland County.- History :...

 (town)
10,225 34.2
Brampton
Brampton
Brampton is the third-largest city in the Greater Toronto Area of Ontario, Canada.Brampton may also refer to:- Canada :* Brampton, a city in Ontario** Brampton GO Station, a station in the GO Transit network located in the city- United Kingdom :...

, Ontario (city)
433,806 33.3
Saint-Lazare, Quebec
Saint-Lazare, Quebec
Saint-Lazare, also known as Saint-Lazare-de-Vaudreuil, is an off-island suburb of Montreal, in southwestern Quebec, Canada in the Regional County Municipality of Vaudreuil-Soulanges....

 (ville)
17,016 32.0
Saint-Philippe, Quebec
Saint-Philippe, Quebec
Saint-Philippe is a municipality located in Roussillon Regional County Municipality in the Montérégie region of Quebec, Canada. The municipality was established on July 1, 1855. The population as of the Canada 2006 Census was 5,121.-Population:...

 (municipalité)
5,121 31.6
McMasterville, Quebec
McMasterville, Quebec
McMasterville is a municipality in southwestern Quebec, Canada on the Richelieu River in the Regional County Municipality of La Vallée-du-Richelieu. The population as of the Canada 2006 Census was 5,234. It is within the Administrative Region of Montérégie....

 (municipalité)
5,234 31.4
Vaughan
Vaughan
Vaughan is a city in York Region north of Toronto, Ontario, Canada. Vaughan is the fastest growing municipality in Canada achieving a population growth rate of 80.2% between 1996–2006, according to Statistics Canada having nearly doubled in population since 1991. Vaughan is located in Southern...

, Ontario (city)
238,866 31.2
Paradise, Newfoundland and Labrador
Paradise, Newfoundland and Labrador
Paradise is a town on the Avalon Peninsula in the province of Newfoundland and Labrador, Canada. The town is a part of the St. John's Metropolitan Area. The town borders the City of St. John's, the City of Mount Pearl, the Town of Portugal Cove-St. Philip's, and the town of Conception Bay South...

 (town)
12,584 31.1
Vaudreuil-Dorion, Quebec (city) 25,789 29.5
Sainte-Marthe-sur-le-Lac, Quebec
Sainte-Marthe-sur-le-Lac, Quebec
Sainte-Marthe-sur-le-Lac is a town in the Canadian province of Quebec, located in Deux-Montagnes Regional County Municipality. It is crossed from east to west by road 344, commonly known as Oka road...

 (ville)
11,311 29.4
Blainville, Quebec
Blainville, Quebec
Blainville is an off-island suburb of Montreal, in southwestern Quebec and is located northwest of downtown Montreal.The idyllic setting and small town environment makes for a sharp contrast with the booming urban centre next door. Blainville sits right at the foot of the Laurentians, an ancient...

 (ville)
46,493 29.0
Stony Plain, Alberta
Stony Plain, Alberta
Stony Plain is a large town in rural Alberta, Canada, just west of Edmonton.Stony Plain is a rapidly growing town with strong historical roots. It is located west of Spruce Grove and surrounded by Parkland County. The town is governed by one mayor and six councillors. The region is dominated by...

 (town)
12,363 28.5
Beaumont, Alberta (town) 8,961 27.9

Greatest decline 2001–2006

Census Subdivision 2006 Population % vs 2001
Kitimat, British Columbia
Kitimat, British Columbia
Kitimat is a coastal city in northwestern British Columbia, in the Regional District of Kitimat-Stikine. The Kitimat Valley, which includes the adjacent community of Terrace, is the most populous urban district in Northwest British Columbia...

 (district municipality)
8,987 −12.6
Prince Rupert, British Columbia
Prince Rupert, British Columbia
Prince Rupert is a port city in the province of British Columbia, Canada. It is the land, air, and water transportation hub of British Columbia's North Coast, and home to some 12,815 people .-History:...

 (city)
12,815 −12.5
Cariboo A, British Columbia
Cariboo A, British Columbia
Cariboo A is a regional district electoral area in the Cariboo Regional District, British Columbia, Canada. The electoral area is located in central BC along the east coast of the Fraser River south of Quesnel and west of the Quesnel River...

 (regional district electoral area)
5,859 −8.9
Crowsnest Pass, Alberta
Crowsnest Pass, Alberta
The Municipality of Crowsnest Pass is a specialized municipality located in the Crowsnest Pass of the Rocky Mountains in southwest Alberta, Canada. The municipality formed as a result of the amalgamation of five municipalities – the Village of Bellevue, the Town of Blairmore, Town of Coleman, the...

 (specialized municipality)
5,749 −8.2
Marystown, Newfoundland and Labrador
Marystown, Newfoundland and Labrador
Marystown is a Canadian town in the province of Newfoundland and Labrador with a population of 5,436 . Situated 306 km from the province's capital, St. John's, it is on the Burin Peninsula. Up until the early 1990s, its economy was largely based on shipbuilding, and it is due in part to this...

 (town)
5,436 −8.0
Kapuskasing, Ontario
Ontario
Ontario is a province of Canada, located in east-central Canada. It is Canada's most populous province and second largest in total area. It is home to the nation's most populous city, Toronto, and the nation's capital, Ottawa....

 (town)
8,509 −7.9
Kenora, Unorganized, Ontario
Kenora, Unorganized, Ontario
Unorganized Kenora is an unorganized area in northwestern Ontario, Canada, in Kenora District. Comprising 98.39 percent of the district's land area, yet only 10.93 percent of its population, it is essentially the remainder of the district's territory after all incorporated cities, municipalities,...

 (unorganized)
7,041 −7.7
Stephenville, Newfoundland and Labrador
Stephenville, Newfoundland and Labrador
Stephenville is a Canadian town in Newfoundland and Labrador on the west coast of the island of Newfoundland....

 (town)
6,588 −7.3
Quesnel, British Columbia
Quesnel, British Columbia
-Demographics:Quesnel had a population of 9,326 people in 2006, which was a decrease of 7.1% from the 2001 census count. The median household income in 2005 for Quesnel was $54,044, which is slightly above the British Columbia provincial average of $52,709....

 (city)
9,326 −7.1
Bulkley-Nechako Regional District, British Columbia (regional district electoral area) 5,290 −7.1
Inverness, Subdivision B, Nova Scotia (sub. of county municipality) 5,369 −6.9
Flin Flon
Flin Flon
Flin Flon is a Canadian mining city located on the border of Manitoba and Saskatchewan, with the majority of the city located within Manitoba.- Founding :...

, Manitoba (city)
5,594 −6.8
Melfort, Saskatchewan
Melfort, Saskatchewan
Melfort is a small Canadian city in Saskatchewan, approximately southeast of Prince Albert, northwest of Saskatoon and north of Regina.According to The World Gazetteer, its population as of 2004 was 5,400...

 (city)
5,192 −6.6
Labrador City, Newfoundland and Labrador
Labrador City, Newfoundland and Labrador
Labrador City is a town in western Labrador , near the Quebec border. As of 2006, its population is 7,240...

 (town)
7,240 −6.5
Algoma, Unorganized, North Part, Ontario
Algoma, Unorganized, North Part, Ontario
Algoma Unorganized North Part is an unorganized area in northeastern Ontario, Canada, comprising all areas in Algoma District, north of the Sault Ste. Marie to Elliot Lake corridor, which are not part of an incorporated municipality or a First Nation...

 (unorganized)
5,717 −6.5
Terrace, British Columbia
Terrace, British Columbia
Terrace is a city on the Skeena River in British Columbia, Canada. The Kitselas people, a tribe of the Tsimshian Nation, have lived in the Terrace area for thousands of years. The community population fell between 2001 and 2006 from 12,109 with a regional population of 19,980 to 11,320 and...

 (city)
11,320 −6.5
Bathurst, New Brunswick
Bathurst, New Brunswick
Bathurst is a Canadian city in Gloucester County, New Brunswick.Bathurst is situated on Bathurst Harbour, an estuary at the mouth of the Nepisiguit River at the southernmost part of Chaleur Bay....

 (parish)
5,144 −6.4
Alnwick, New Brunswick
Alnwick, New Brunswick
Alnwick is a Canadian parish in Northumberland County, New Brunswick.Its population in the 2006 Census was 6,152.-Delineation:Alnwick Parish is defined in the Territorial Division Act as:-Communities:...

 (parish)
6,152 −6.3
Banff, Alberta
Banff, Alberta
Banff is a town within Banff National Park in Alberta, Canada. It is located in Alberta's Rockies along the Trans-Canada Highway, approximately west of Calgary and east of Lake Louise....

 (town)
6,700 −6.1
Yarmouth, Nova Scotia
Yarmouth, Nova Scotia
Yarmouth is a town and fishing port located on the Gulf of Maine in rural southwestern Nova Scotia, Canada. It is the shire town of Yarmouth County. The town is located in the heart of the world's largest lobster fishing grounds and has Canada's highest lobster catch.- History :The townsite may...

 (town)
7,162 −5.3

  • Populations shown for 2001 and 1996 are what the populations would have been if the municipal boundaries were as defined in 2006. Because of mergers and demergers, these numbers may be different from the populations for the municipalities as their boundaries were actually defined in those years.
  • These are only city proper populations; suburbs outside city limits are not included.
  • Quebec municipal classifications such as "Ville" have not been translated, because they do not directly correspond to the meaning generally understood by their English translations. Translating to "City" would be inaccurate.
  • Some municipalities calculate their populations differently than Statistics Canada. For example, Statistics Canada does not count post-secondary students in the municipality where they are attending school, yet those municipalities may count them.

See also