List of rivers of Afghanistan

List of rivers of Afghanistan

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This is a list of rivers wholly or partly in Afghanistan
Afghanistan , officially the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan, is a landlocked country located in the centre of Asia, forming South Asia, Central Asia and the Middle East. With a population of about 29 million, it has an area of , making it the 42nd most populous and 41st largest nation in the world...

, arranged geographically by river basin.

Flowing into the Arabian Sea

  • Indus River
    Indus River
    The Indus River is a major river which flows through Pakistan. It also has courses through China and India.Originating in the Tibetan plateau of western China in the vicinity of Lake Mansarovar in Tibet Autonomous Region, the river runs a course through the Ladakh district of Jammu and Kashmir and...

    • Gomal River
      Gomal River
      Gomal River is a river in the historical region of Pashtunistan, consisting of areas in Afghanistan and Pakistan, inhabited by the Pashtuns...

      • Kundar River
        Kundar River
        Kundar River is located in Balochistan, Pakistan....

      • Zhob River
        Zhob River
        Zhob River is located in Balochistan, Pakistan. The name is Iranic in its origin and etymologically identical to those of the Little Zab and Great Zab rivers in Iraq and the Pamirs....

    • Kurrum River or Karam River
    • Kabul River
      Kabul River
      Kabul River , the classical Cophes , is a 700 km long river that starts in the Sanglakh Range of the Hindu Kush Mountains in Afghanistan and ends in the Indus River near Attock, Pakistan. It is the main river in eastern Afghanistan and is separated from the watershed of the Helmand by the Unai Pass...

      • Bara River
        Bara River
        Bara River is river in Federally Administered Tribal Areas, Pakistan. The Bara River enters the Peshawar of south Jamrud Fort and flows in the North-easterly direction to the Nowshera District, eventually joining the Kabul River near camp korona, Akbarpura. Due to its higher elevation, very...

      • Kunar River
        Kunar River
        The Kunar River is about 480 km long, located in eastern Afghanistan and north-western Pakistan. The Kunar river system is fed from melting glaciers and snow of the Hindu Kush mountains....

         (Kunar Rud)
        • Peche River
          Peche River
          The Pech river is located in Afghanistan. The Pech River system is fed from glaciers and snow from the Hindu Kush to its north. The river rises in central Nuristan Province and proceeds south and southeasternly through the center of Kunar Province, joining the Kunar River at the provincial capital...

        • Bashgal River
          Bashgal River
          The Bashgal River is located within Nuristan Province, Afghanistan, flowing through Bashgal Valley. It empties into the Kunar river at Arundu and Chigar-Serai....

      • Surkhab
        Surkhab (Kabul)
        The Surkhab, also known as the Surkh Rud, is a river in Afghanistan, which flows in the provinces of Paktia and Nangarhar. It is a tributary of the Kabul River.- Course :...

      • Alingar River
        Alingar River
        The Alingar River is a river in eastern Afghanistan. It is one of the major tributaries of the Kabul River. It gives its name to Alingar District in Laghman Province and also passes through Mihtarlam in Mihtarlam District....

      • Panjshir River
        Panjshir River
        The Panjshir River flows through the Panjshir Valley in northeastern Afghanistan, 150km north of Kabul. It flows southward through the Hindu Kush and adjoins the Kabul River near Sarobi. At this junction, a dam was built in the 1950s to supply water from the Panjshir River to the Kabul River....

        • Ghorband River
          Ghorband River
          The Ghorband is a river of Afghanistan, flowing through Parwan Province. It is a tributary of the Panjshir River, then a sub-tributary of the Indus River, then the Kabul River....

          • Salang River
            Salang River
            The Salang is a 438 kilometre long river of Afghanistan, flowing through Parwan Province. It is a tributary of the Indus River and the Ghorband River and the Panjshir River and the Kabul River.-Geography:...

      • Logar River
        Logar River
        Logar River is a river of Afghanistan. It gives the name to the Logar Valley and Logar Province.The Logar River drains a wide tract of country, rising in the southern slopes of the Sanglakh Range and receiving tributaries from the Kharwar hills, north-east of Ghazni. It joins the Kabul River a...

Sistan Basin
Sistan Basin
The Sistan Basin is an inland endorheic basin encompassing large parts of southwestern Afghanistan and southeastern Iran, one of the driest regions in the world and an area subjected to prolonged droughts...


  • Harut River
    Harut River
    The Harut River is a river of Afghanistan. It is a river which belongs to the Sistan Basin.The source of the river lies in the mountains to the southeast of Herat. The river flows for about 245 miles into the Sistan Lake. Along its course are various canals for irrigation, particularly in the...

     (or Ardaskan River)
  • Farah River
    Farah River
    The Farah River is a river in western Afghanistan. The river originates in the Band-e Bayan Range, and flows for 560 km to the Helmand swamps on the Afghanistan-Iran border. The town of Farah is located on the river....

  • Helmand River
    Helmand River
    The Helmand River is the longest river in Afghanistan and the primarily watershed for the endorheic Sistan Basin....

    • Khash River
    • Arghandab River
      Arghandab River
      Arghandab is a river in Afghanistan, about in length. It rises in the Hazarajat country north-west of Ghazni, and flows south-west falls into the Helmand below Girishk. In its lower course it is much used for irrigation, and the valley is cultivated and populous; yet the water is said to be...

      • Dori River
        Dori River
        The Dori, also called Lora and Kadanai is a river of Afghanistan and Pakistan. It is a tributary of the Arghandab River and sub tributary of the Helmand River and runs for 320 kilometres through Kandahar Province in Afghanistan and Balochistan in Pakistan.The Dori begins north of the city of...

        • Tarnak River
          Tarnak River
          The Tarnak River is a river of Ghazni, Zabul and Kandahar provinces of Afghanistan. It rises in Hazarajat, near , south of the Lomar Pass. It flows towards the south-west for some 350 km before it joins the Dori River some 30 km downstream of the Dori-Arghastan confluence, and some...

        • Arghistan River
          Arghistan River
          The Arghistan or Arghastan is a river in southern Afghanistan. It flows through Arghistan District and the provinces of Zabul and Kandahar. It is a tributary of the Dori River, a sub-tributary of the Helmand River...

          • Lora River
    • Musa Qala River
      Musa Qala River
      The Musa Qala is a river in Afghanistan. It is supporting the Helmand River and highly participates in the irrigation of arable lands of the district it is about 5 kilo meters crossing the district from east to west....

    • Tirin River
    • Kaj River
      Kaj River
      The Kaj is a river of western Afghanistan, flowing through Daykundi Province. It is a major tributary of the Helmand River.- Geography :The river rises in the far northern province of Daykundi Province in Daykundi District in the region called Hazarajat not far from the boundary with Bamyan...

Karakum Desert
Karakum Desert
The Karakum Desert, also spelled Kara-Kum and Gara Gum is a desert in Central Asia. It occupies about 70 percent, or 350,000 km², of the area of Turkmenistan....


  • Harirud
    • Jam River
  • Murghab River
    • Kushk River
      Kushk River
      The Kushk is a river which, during a portion of its course, forms the boundary between Afghanistan and Turkmenistan, and used to form the southernmost border of the Russian Empire and the Soviet Union...

    • Kashkan River

Aral Sea
Aral Sea
The Aral Sea was a lake that lay between Kazakhstan in the north and Karakalpakstan, an autonomous region of Uzbekistan, in the south...


  • Amu Darya
    Amu Darya
    The Amu Darya , also called Oxus and Amu River, is a major river in Central Asia. It is formed by the junction of the Vakhsh and Panj rivers...

    • Safid River
      Safid River
      The Safid River is a river in northern Afghanistan originating in southwestern Sar-e Pol Province. It flows north and is joined by a major tributary from the east just south of the provincial capital, Sar-e Pol. It continues north past the town of Sar-e Pol and into Jowzjan Province. It flows...

      , no longer reaches the Amu Darya
    • Balkh River
      Balkh River
      The Balkh River or Balkhab is a river in Balkh Province, Afghanistan.The river rises in the Band-e Amir lakes in the Hindu Kush. In its upper reaches the river is known as the Band-e Amir River . The river flows west, then north, and terminates in irrigation canals in the area of the cities of...

      , no longer reaches the Amu Darya
    • Khulm River
      Khulm River
      The Khulm River is a river of northern-central Afghanistan. In its upper course, it passes through Khulm and Haybak, today in Balkh Province. The Khulm is a tributary to the Oxus basin. Its source is located to the north of the city of Khulm...

       (formerly Tashkurgan River), no longer reaches the Amu Darya
    • Kunduz River
      Kunduz River
      The Kunduz River is a tributary of the Amu Darya in northern Afghanistan. It rises in the Hindu Kush, and in its upper reaches is known as the Surkhab River.-Course:...

       (or Surkhab River)
      • Khanabad River
        Khanabad River
        The Khanabad River flows in the provinces of Takhar and Kunduz in northern Afghanistan. It is a tributary of the Kunduz River.-Course:The Khanabad rises in the south east of Takhar Province, in the Hindu Kush. It flows north west, and receives a number of glacier-fed tributaries...

      • Andarab
        Andarab is the name of a large stream in Afghanistan and of the valley it empties into.The stream which originates in the Hindu Kush, near Khawak Pass, and flows to the west for about 75 miles before merging into the Surkhab.-Andarab valley:...

      • Bamiyan River
    • Kokcha River
      Kokcha River
      The Kokcha River is a river of northeastern Afghanistan. A tributary of the Amu Darya river, it flows through Badakhshan Province in the Hindu Kush range of Afghan Turkestan. The city of Feyzabad lies along the Kokcha. Near the village of Artin Jelow there is a bridge over the river.The Kokcha...

      • Anjuman
        Anjuman (stream)
        The Anjuman is a stream which runs through the Anjuman Valley in Afghanistan. The stream's sources include the three lakes of the valley, with the largest lake being the primary source.-References:...

    • Panj River
      Panj River
      The Panj River , also known as Pyandzh River or Piandj River , is a tributary of the Amu Darya. The river is 1,125 km long and forms a considerable part of the Afghanistan - Tajikistan border....

      • Aksu (Bartang)
      • Pamir River
        Pamir River
        The Pamir is a river in Tajikistan and Afghanistan. It is a tributary of the Panj River, and forms the northern boundary of Wakhan.The river has its sources in the Pamir Mountains in Gorno-Badakhshan province in the far eastern part of Tajikistan. It flows between the Wakhan Range and the Southern...

      • Wakhan River

External links

Map of Principal River Drainage Systems at page 12