List of national parks of Indonesia

List of national parks of Indonesia

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This is the list of the national parks of Indonesia. Of the 50 national parks, 6 are World Heritage Site
World Heritage Site
A UNESCO World Heritage Site is a place that is listed by the UNESCO as of special cultural or physical significance...

s, 6 are part of the World Network of Biosphere Reserves
World Network of Biosphere Reserves
The UNESCO World Network of Biosphere Reserves covers internationally-designated protected areas, known as biosphere reserves, that are meant to demonstrate a balanced relationship between man and nature The UNESCO World Network of Biosphere Reserves covers internationally-designated protected...

 and 3 are wetland
Wetland
A wetland is an area of land whose soil is saturated with water either permanently or seasonally. Wetlands are categorised by their characteristic vegetation, which is adapted to these unique soil conditions....

s of international importance under the Ramsar convention
Ramsar Convention
The Ramsar Convention is an international treaty for the conservation and sustainable utilization of wetlands, i.e., to stem the progressive encroachment on and loss of wetlands now and in the future, recognizing the fundamental ecological functions of wetlands and their economic, cultural,...

. A total of 9 parks are largely marine
Marine park
A marine park is a park consisting of an area of sea sometimes protected for recreational use, but more often set aside to preserve a specific habitat and ensure the ecosystem is sustained for the organisms that exist there...

.

The first group of five Indonesia
Indonesia
Indonesia , officially the Republic of Indonesia , is a country in Southeast Asia and Oceania. Indonesia is an archipelago comprising approximately 13,000 islands. It has 33 provinces with over 238 million people, and is the world's fourth most populous country. Indonesia is a republic, with an...

n national parks were established in 1980. This number increased constantly reaching 41 in 2003. In a major expansion in 2004, nine more new national parks were created, raising the total number to 50.

Java



Name Year Total Area Marine area International status
km²   mi²
Alas Purwo
Alas Purwo National Park
Alas Purwo National Park is situated on Blambangan Peninsula in Banyuwangi regency, at the southeastern tip of East Java province. The park is famous for its wild Banteng and surfing location at Grajakan Bay....

 
1992 434 168
Baluran
Baluran National Park
Baluran National Park is located in East Java, Indonesia. It has a relatively dry climate and consists of lowland forests, savanna, mangrove forests and hills, with Mount Baluran as its highest peak....

 
1980 250 96
Bromo Tengger Semeru
Bromo Tengger Semeru National Park
Bromo Tengger Semeru National Park is located in East Java, Indonesia, to the east of Malang and to the southeast of Surabaya, the capital of East Java. It is the only conservation area in Indonesia that has a sand sea, the Tengger Sand Sea , across which is the caldera of an ancient volcano from...

 
1983 503 194
Gunung Ciremai
Gunung Ciremai National Park
Mount Ciremai National Park or Gunung Ciremai National Park is located in the province of West Java, Indonesia. Some endemic or endangered flora and fauna are being protected in this national park, such as Pinus merkusii, Castanopsis javanica, Fragraera blumii, Villubrunes rubescens, Macaranga...

 
2004 155 60
Gunung Gede Pangrango
Gunung Gede Pangrango National Park
Mount Gede Pangrango National Park is a national park in West Java, Indonesia. The park is centred on two volcanoes—Mount Gede and Mount Pangrango— and is 150 km² in area....

 
1980 150 58 World Network of Biosphere Reserves
Gunung Halimun  1992 400 150
Gunung Merapi  2004 64 25
Gunung Merbabu  2004 57 21
Karimunjawa
Karimunjawa National Park
Karimunjawa National Park, also Karimun Jawa National Park, is a national marine park designated in the Karimunjawa archipelago, Jepara Regency, Central Java, Indonesia. It lies 80 km north west of Jepara, Central Java in the Java Sea. The national park was formally declared as Marine...

 
1986 1,116 431 most
Kepulauan Seribu  1982 1,080 420 most
Meru Betiri
Meru Betiri National Park
Meru Betiri National Park is a national park in the province of East Java, Indonesia, extending over an area of 580 km² of which a small part is marine...

 
1982 580 224
Ujung Kulon
Ujung Kulon National Park
Ujung Kulon National Park is located at the western-most tip of Java, Banten, Indonesia. It includes the volcanic island group of Krakatoa and other islands including Panaitan, Handeuleum and Peucang on the Sunda Strait.-Geography:...

 
1992 1,206 466 443 km² World Heritage Site

Kalimantan



Name Year Total Area Marine area International status
km²   mi²
Betung Kerihun
Betung Kerihun National Park
Betung Kerihun National Park is a national park in the province of West Kalimantan on the island of Borneo, Indonesia. It is located inland, along the Malaysian border...

 
1995 8,000 3,100 Proposed World Heritage Site
Bukit Baka Bukit Raya
Bukit Baka Bukit Raya National Park
Bukit Baka Bukit Raya National Park is a national park located on Borneo Island, Indonesia....

 
1992 1,811 699
Danau Sentarum
Danau Sentarum National Park
The Danau Sentarum National Park is a national park protecting one of the world's most biodiverse lake systems, located in Borneo Island, West Kalimantan Province, Indonesia. It lies in the upper Kapuas River basin some 700 kilometres upstream from the delta. The basin is a vast floodplain,...

 
1999 1,320 510 Ramsar site
Gunung Palung
Gunung Palung National Park
Gunung Palung National Park lies on the island of Borneo, in the Indonesian province of West Kalimantan, north of Ketapang and east of Sukadana.- Geography:...

 
1990 900 350
Kayan Mentarang
Kayan Mentarang National Park
Kayan Mentarang National Park is a densely forested national park in East Kalimantan province, Borneo Island, Indonesia. The national park is named after a great dispersed Mentarang mountain trails plateau of Apau Kayan which covers the entire park from Datadian area in south region to Apau Ping...

 
1996 13,605 5,252
Kutai
Kutai National Park
Kutai National Park is a lowland national park located on the east coast of Borneo Island, in the East Kalimantan province of Indonesia, few minutes south of the equator.- Geography :...

 
1982 1,986 767
Sabangau
Sabangau National Park
Sabangau National Park is a national park in Central Kalimantan, a province of Indonesia in Kalimantan, the Indonesian part of the island of Borneo.- Geography :...

 
2004 5,687 2,196
Tanjung Puting  1982 4,150 1,370 World Network of Biosphere Reserves

Lesser Sunda Islands



Name Year Total Area Marine area International status
km²   mi²
Bali Barat  1995 190 73
Gunung Rinjani
Gunung Rinjani National Park
Gunung Rinjani National Park is located on the island of Lombok, Indonesia in the North Lombok Regency. The park covers about 41,330 hectares and consists of mountainous areas...

 
1990 413 159
Kelimutu
Kelimutu National Park
Kelimutu National Park is located on the island of Flores, Indonesia. It consists of a region with hills and mountains, with Mount Kelibara as its highest peak. Mount Kelimutu, which has the three coloured lakes, is also located in this national park...

 
1992 50 20
Komodo
Komodo National Park
The Komodo National Park is a national park in Indonesia located within the Lesser Sunda Islands in the border region between the provinces of East Nusa Tenggara and West Nusa Tenggara. The park includes the three larger islands Komodo, Padar and Rincah, and 26 smaller ones, with a total area of...

 
1980 1,817 701 66% World Heritage Site;
World Network of Biosphere Reserves
Laiwangi Wanggameti
Laiwangi Wanggameti National Park
Laiwangi Wanggameti National Park is located on the island of Sumba in Indonesia. All forests types that exist on this island can be found in this national park...

 
1998 470 180
Manupeu Tanah Daru
Manupeu Tanah Daru National Park
Manupeu Tanah Daru National Park is located on the island of Sumba in Indonesia. This national park consists plenty of steepy slopes. There are about 118 plant species protected in this national park including Toona sureni, Sterculia foetida, Schleichera oleosa, Alstonia scholaris , Tamarind,...

 
1998 880 340

>





Maluku and Papua



Name Year Total Area Marine area International status
km²   mi²
Aketajawe-Lolobata
Aketajawe-Lolobata National Park
Aketajawe-Lolobata National Park is a national park on Halmahera, the biggest island in the North Maluku province of Indonesia. The park is considered by BirdLife International to be vital for the survival of at least 23 endemic bird species...

 
2004 1,673 646
Lorentz
Lorentz National Park
Lorentz National Park is located in the Indonesian province of Papua, formerly known as Irian Jaya . With an area of 25,056 km² , it is the largest national park in South-East Asia...

 
1997 25,050 9,670 World Heritage Site
Manusela
Manusela National Park
Manusela National Park is located on Seram island, in the Maluku archipelago of Indonesia. It is made up of coastal forest, swamp forest, lowland and montane rainforest ecosystem types. Mount Binaiya at 3,027 meters, is the highest of the park's six mountains...

 
1982 1,890 729
Teluk Cenderawasih
Teluk Cenderawasih National Park
Teluk Cenderawasih National Park is the largest marine national park of Indonesia, located in Cenderawasih Bay, south-east of Bird's Head Peninsula. It includes the islands of Mioswaar, Nusrowi, Roon, Rumberpon and Yoop...

 
2002 14,535 5,611 90%
Wasur
Wasur National Park
The Wasur National Park forms part of the largest wetland in Papua province of Indonesia and has been the least disturbed by human activity. The high value of its biodiversity has led to the park being dubbed the "Serengeti of Papua"...

 
1990 4,138 1598 Ramsar site

>



Sulawesi



Name Year Total Area Marine area International status
km²   mi²
Bantimurung - Bulusaraung  2004 480 185
Bogani Nani Wartabone
Bogani Nani Wartabone National Park
Bogani Nani Wartabone National Park is a 2,871.15 km² National Park on Minahassa Peninsula on Sulawesi island, Indonesia...

 
1991 2,871 1,108
Bunaken
Bunaken National Park
The Bunaken National Park is a marine park in the north of Sulawesi island, Indonesia. The park is located near the centre of the Coral Triangle, providing habitat to 390 species of coral as well as many fish, mollusc, reptile and marine mammal species...

 
1991 890 305 97% Proposed World Heritage Site
Kepulauan Togean
Kepulauan Togean National Park
Kepulauan Togean National Park is a largely marine national park, including the Togian Islands, near Sulawesi island of Indonesia....

 
2004 3,620 1,400 700 km²
Lore Lindu
Lore Lindu National Park
Lore Lindu National Park is a forested protected area on the Indonesian island of Sulawesi, in the province of Central Sulawesi. The area of the national park is 2,180 km² covering both lowland and montane forests. It provides habitat to numerous rare species, including 77 bird species...

 
1982 2,290 884 World Network of Biosphere Reserves
Rawa Aopa Watumohai
Rawa Aopa Watumohai National Park
Rawa Aopa Watumohai National Park is a national park on the Indonesian island of Sulawesi, on the province of South East Sulawesi. It was declared in 1989, and has an area of 1,050 km². The park ranges from sea level to the altitude of 981 m....

 
1989 1,052 406
Taka Bone Rate
Taka Bone Rate National Park
Taka Bone Rate National Park is a marine park which includes the Takabonerate atoll islands, located in the Flores Sea, south of Sulawesi island of Indonesia....

 
2001 5,308 2,049 most Proposed World Heritage Site
Wakatobi  2002 13,900 5,370 most Proposed World Heritage Site

Sumatra


Name Year Total Area Marine area International status
km²   mi²
Batang Gadis
Batang Gadis National Park
Batang Gadis is a national park covering 1,080 km² in the west of Sumatra island, Indonesia. Signs of the endangered Sumatran tiger and the threatended Asiatic golden cat, Leopard cat and Clouded leopard were seen in the park...

 
2004 1,080 417
Berbak
Berbak National Park
The Berbak National Park in Sumatra island, Jambi province of Indonesia, forms part of the largest undisturbed swamp forest in southeastern Asia, and the peat swamp forest with the greatest number of palm species...

 
1992 1,627 628 Ramsar site
Bukit Barisan Selatan
Bukit Barisan Selatan National Park
Bukit Barisan Selatan National Park is a national park in Sumatra, Indonesia. The park has a total area of 3,568 km², and spans three provinces: Lampung, Bengkulu, and South Sumatra...

 
1999 3,650 1410 World Heritage Site
Tropical Rainforest Heritage of Sumatra
The Tropical Rainforest Heritage of Sumatra site was inscribed as a UNESCO World Heritage site in 2004. It comprises three Indonesian national parks on the island of Sumatra: Gunung Leuser National Park, Kerinci Seblat National Park and the Bukit Barisan Selatan National Park...

 unit
Bukit Duabelas
Bukit Duabelas National Park
Bukit Duabelas is a relatively small national park covering 605 km² in east Sumatra, Indonesia. It is representative of lowland tropical rain forests in the province of Jambi. Only the northern part of the park consists of primary rainforest, while the rest is secondary forest, as result of...

 
2000 605 233
Bukit Tigapuluh
Bukit Tigapuluh National Park
Bukit Tigapuluh National Park - The Thirty Hills - is a 143,223 hectare National Park in eastern Sumatra, consisting primarily of tropical lowland forest, largely in Riau province, with a smaller part of 33,000 ha in Jambi province...

 
1995 1,277 493
Gunung Leuser
Gunung Leuser National Park
Gunung Leuser National Park is a national park covering 7,927 km² in northern Sumatra, Indonesia, straddling the border of North Sumatra and Aceh provinces. The national park, named after Mount Leuser , protects a wide range of ecosystems. An orangutan sanctuary of Bukit Lawang is located inside...

 
1980 7,927 3,061 World Heritage Site
Tropical Rainforest Heritage of Sumatra
The Tropical Rainforest Heritage of Sumatra site was inscribed as a UNESCO World Heritage site in 2004. It comprises three Indonesian national parks on the island of Sumatra: Gunung Leuser National Park, Kerinci Seblat National Park and the Bukit Barisan Selatan National Park...

 unit
World Network of Biosphere Reserves
Kerinci Seblat
Kerinci Seblat National Park
Kerinci Seblat National Park is the largest national park in Sumatra Indonesia. It has a total area of 13,791 km2, and spans four provinces: West Sumatra, Jambi, Bengkulu and South Sumatra....

 
1999 13,750 5,310 World Heritage Site
Tropical Rainforest Heritage of Sumatra
The Tropical Rainforest Heritage of Sumatra site was inscribed as a UNESCO World Heritage site in 2004. It comprises three Indonesian national parks on the island of Sumatra: Gunung Leuser National Park, Kerinci Seblat National Park and the Bukit Barisan Selatan National Park...

 unit
Sembilang
Sembilang National Park
Sembilang National Park is a national park covering 2,051 km² in east Sumatra, Indonesia. It comprises peat swamp forest, freshwater swamp forest and riparian forest...

 
2001 2,051 792
Siberut
Siberut National Park
Siberut National Park comprises 1,905 km2 of the island of Siberut in the Mentawai Islands of West Sumatra, Indonesia. The whole island including the national park is part of the World Network of Biosphere Reserves....

 
1992 1,905 735 World Network of Biosphere Reserves
Tesso Nilo
Tesso Nilo National Park
Tesso Nilo National Park is a national park in Riau Province, Sumatra, Indonesia. It was declared a national park by the Indonesian government in 2004....

2004 386 149
Way Kambas
Way Kambas National Park
Way Kambas National Park is a national park covering 1,300 square kilometres in Lampung province, southern Sumatra, Indonesia.It consists of swamp forest and lowland rain forest, mostly of secondary growth as result of extensive logging in the 1960s and 1970s...

 
1989 1,300 500

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