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List of investment banks

List of investment banks

Encyclopedia

Largest full-service investment banks


The following are the largest full-service global investment banks; Full-service investment banks usually provides both advisory and financing banking services, as well as the sales, market making
Market maker
A market maker is a company, or an individual, that quotes both a buy and a sell price in a financial instrument or commodity held in inventory, hoping to make a profit on the bid-offer spread, or turn. From a market microstructure theory standpoint, market makers are net sellers of an option to be...

, and research on a broad array of financial products including equities, credit, rates, currency, commodities, and their derivatives:
  • Bank of America
    Bank of America
    Bank of America Corporation, an American multinational banking and financial services corporation, is the second largest bank holding company in the United States by assets, and the fourth largest bank in the U.S. by market capitalization. The bank is headquartered in Charlotte, North Carolina...

  • Barclays Capital
    Barclays Capital
    Barclays Capital is a global British investment bank. It is the investment banking division of Barclays plc which has a balance sheet of over £1.2 trillion . Barclays Capital provides financing and risk management services to large companies, institutions and government clients. It is a primary...

  • Citigroup
    Citigroup
    Citigroup Inc. or Citi is an American multinational financial services corporation headquartered in Manhattan, New York City, New York, United States. Citigroup was formed from one of the world's largest mergers in history by combining the banking giant Citicorp and financial conglomerate...

  • Credit Suisse
    Credit Suisse
    The Credit Suisse Group AG is a Swiss multinational financial services company headquartered in Zurich, with more than 250 branches in Switzerland and operations in more than 50 countries.-History:...

  • Deutsche Bank
    Deutsche Bank
    Deutsche Bank AG is a global financial service company with its headquarters in Frankfurt, Germany. It employs more than 100,000 people in over 70 countries, and has a large presence in Europe, the Americas, Asia Pacific and the emerging markets...

  • Goldman Sachs
    Goldman Sachs
    The Goldman Sachs Group, Inc. is an American multinational bulge bracket investment banking and securities firm that engages in global investment banking, securities, investment management, and other financial services primarily with institutional clients...

  • JPMorgan Chase
  • Morgan Stanley
    Morgan Stanley
    Morgan Stanley is a global financial services firm headquartered in New York City serving a diversified group of corporations, governments, financial institutions, and individuals. Morgan Stanley also operates in 36 countries around the world, with over 600 offices and a workforce of over 60,000....

  • Nomura Securities
  • UBS
  • Wells Fargo Securities

Financial conglomerates


Large financial-services conglomerates combine commercial banking and investment banking
Investment banking
An investment bank is a financial institution that assists individuals, corporations and governments in raising capital by underwriting and/or acting as the client's agent in the issuance of securities...

 and sometimes insurance
Insurance
In law and economics, insurance is a form of risk management primarily used to hedge against the risk of a contingent, uncertain loss. Insurance is defined as the equitable transfer of the risk of a loss, from one entity to another, in exchange for payment. An insurer is a company selling the...

. Such combinations were common in Europe but illegal in the United States prior to passage of the Gramm-Leach-Bliley Act
Gramm-Leach-Bliley Act
The Gramm–Leach–Bliley Act , also known as the Financial Services Modernization Act of 1999, is an act of the 106th United States Congress...

 of 1999. The following are large investment banking firms affiliated with large financial institutions (not previously listed above).

The name of the investment banking affiliate is in parentheses, if noticeably distinct from the name of the parent bank.
  • ABN Amro
    ABN AMRO
    ABN AMRO Bank N.V. is a Dutch state-owned bank with headquarters in Amsterdam. It was re-established, in its current form, in 2009 following the acquisition and break up of ABN AMRO Group by a banking consortium consisting of Royal Bank of Scotland Group, Santander and Fortis...

  • BBVA
  • Banco Santander
  • BB&T
    BB&T
    BB&T Corporation is an American bank with assets of $157 billion , offering full-service commercial and retail banking services along with other financial services like insurance, investments, retail brokerage, mortgage, corporate finance, consumer finance, payment services, international...

     (BB&T Capital Markets)
  • Bank of China
    Bank of China
    Bank of China Limited is one of the big four state-owned commercial banks of the People's Republic of China. It was founded in 1912 by the Government of the Republic of China, to replace the Government Bank of Imperial China. It is the oldest bank in China...

     (BOC International Holdings)
  • Bank of Montreal
    Bank of Montreal
    The Bank of Montreal , , or BMO Financial Group, is the fourth largest bank in Canada by deposits. The Bank of Montreal was founded on June 23, 1817 by John Richardson and eight merchants in a rented house in Montreal, Quebec. On May 19, 1817 the Articles of Association were adopted, making it...

     (BMO Capital Markets
    BMO Capital Markets
    BMO Capital Markets is a North American financial services provider that offers corporate, institutional and government clients access to a complete range of products and services...

    )
  • BNP Paribas
    BNP Paribas
    BNP Paribas S.A. is a global banking group, headquartered in Paris, with its second global headquarters in London. In October 2010 BNP Paribas was ranked by Bloomberg and Forbes as the largest bank and largest company in the world by assets with over $3.1 trillion. It was formed through the merger...

  • Canadian Imperial Bank of Commerce
    Canadian Imperial Bank of Commerce
    The Canadian Imperial Bank of Commerce is one of Canada's chartered banks, fifth largest by deposits. The bank is headquartered at Commerce Court in Toronto, Ontario. CIBC's Institution Number is 010, and its SWIFT code is CIBCCATT....

     (CIBC World Markets
    CIBC World Markets
    CIBC World Markets is the investment banking subsidiary of the Canadian Imperial Bank of Commerce. The firm operates as an investment bank both in the domestic and international equity and debt capital markets...

    )
  • Commerzbank
    Commerzbank
    Commerzbank AG is the second-largest bank in Germany, after Deutsche Bank, headquartered in Frankfurt am Main.-Activities:Commerzbank is mainly active in commercial bank, retail banking and mortgaging. It suffered reversals in investment banking in early 2000s and scaled back its Securities unit...

     (Dresdner Kleinwort
    Dresdner Kleinwort
    Dresdner Kleinwort was a British-based investment bank: it disappeared as a brand from the world of investment banking in September 2009, when its remaining businesses adopted the Commerzbank branding.-History:...

    , Eurohypo
    EuroHypo
    Eurohypo is a European real estate bank and based in Eschborn, Frankfurt. Eurohypo is 100% owned by Commerzbank. It is the eleventh-largest bank in Germany with a balance sheet of € 214.2 billion in 2007....

    )
  • Crédit Agricole
    Crédit Agricole
    Crédit Agricole S.A. is the largest retail banking group in France, second largest in Europe and the eighth largest in the world by Tier 1 capital according to The Banker magazine. It is also part of the CAC 40 stock market index....

  • Daiwa Securities
  • DBS Bank
    DBS Bank
    DBS Bank Ltd is a bank incorporated in Singapore. It was previously known as The Development Bank of Singapore Limited, before the present name was adopted in July 2003 to reflect its changing role as a regional bank....

     (Capital Markets Group)
  • HSBC
    HSBC
    HSBC Holdings plc is a global banking and financial services company headquartered in Canary Wharf, London, United Kingdom. it is the world's second-largest banking and financial services group and second-largest public company according to a composite measure by Forbes magazine...

  • ING Group
    ING Group
    The ING Group is a global financial institution offering retail banking, direct banking, commercial banking, investment banking, asset management, and insurance services. ING is the Dutch member of the Inter-Alpha Group of Banks, a cooperative consortium of 11 prominent European banks...



  • KBC Bank
    KBC Bank
    KBC Bank N.V. is a Belgian universal multi-channel bank, focusing on private clients and small and medium-sized enterprises. Besides retail banking, insurance and asset management activities , KBC is active in European debt capital markets, domestic cash equity markets and in the field of corporate...

  • KeyCorp (KeyBanc Capital Markets)
  • Kotak Mahindra Bank
    Kotak Mahindra Bank
    The Kotak Mahindra Bank is a financial organization established in 1985 in India. It was previously known as Kotak Mahindra Finance Limited, a non-banking financial company. In February 2003, Kotak Mahindra Finance Ltd, the group's flagship company was given the license to carry on banking...

  • Lloyds Banking Group
    Lloyds Banking Group
    Lloyds Banking Group plc is a major British financial institution, formed through the acquisition of HBOS by Lloyds TSB in 2009. As at February 2010, HM Treasury held a 41% shareholding through UK Financial Investments Limited . The Group headquarters is located at 25 Gresham Street in London, with...

  • Macquarie Group
    Macquarie Group
    Macquarie Group Limited is a global investment banking and diversified financial services group, providing banking, financial, advisory, investment and funds management services to institutional, corporate and retail clients and counterparties around the world...

  • Mizuho Financial Group
    Mizuho Financial Group
    , abbreviated as MHFG, or simply called Mizuho is a banking holding company headquartered in the Ōtemachi district of Chiyoda, Tokyo, Japan...

  • Monte dei Paschi di Siena
    Monte dei Paschi di Siena
    Banca Monte dei Paschi di Siena S.p.A. is the oldest surviving bank in the world. Founded in 1472 by the Magistrate of the city state of Siena, Italy, as a mount of piety, it has been operating ever since. Today it consists of approximately 3,000 branches, 33,000 employees and 4.5 million...

     (MPS Finance
    MPS Finance
    MPS Finance was founded in 2001 and is the finance sub-division of the Monte dei Paschi di Siena.MPS Finance was set up to be one of the "center of excellence" of Monte dei Paschi di Siena Group...

    )
  • M&T Bank
    M&T Bank
    M&T Bank is an American commercial bank that was founded in 1856 in western New York, and today remains headquartered in Buffalo at One M & T Plaza...

  • Natixis
    Natixis
    Natixis is a French corporate and investment bank created in November 2006 from the merger of the asset management and investment banking operations of Natexis Banque Populaire and IXIS ....

  • PNC Financial Services
    PNC Financial Services
    PNC Financial Services Group, Inc. is a U.S.-based financial services corporation, with assets of approximately $264.3 billion...

  • Rabobank
    Rabobank
    Rabobank is a financial services provider with offices worldwide. Their main location is in the Netherlands. They are a global leader in Food and Agri financing and in sustainability-oriented banking...

  • Royal Bank of Canada
    Royal Bank of Canada
    The Royal Bank of Canada or RBC Financial Group is the largest financial institution in Canada, as measured by deposits, revenues, and market capitalization. The bank serves seventeen million clients and has 80,100 employees worldwide. The company corporate headquarters are located in Toronto,...

     (RBC Capital Markets)


  • Royal Bank of Scotland
    Royal Bank of Scotland
    The Royal Bank of Scotland Group is a British banking and insurance holding company in which the UK Government holds an 84% stake. This stake is held and managed through UK Financial Investments Limited, whose voting rights are limited to 75% in order for the bank to retain its listing on the...

     (RBS GBM)
  • Sberbank
    Sberbank
    Sberbank Rossii is the largest bank in Russia and Eastern Europe. The company's headquarters are in Moscow and its history goes back to Cancrin's financial reform of 1841...

  • Scotiabank
    Scotiabank
    The Bank of Nova Scotia , commonly known as Scotiabank , is the third largest bank in Canada by deposits and market capitalization. It serves some 18.6 million customers in more than 50 countries around the world and offers a broad range of products and services including personal, commercial,...

     (Scotia Capital)
  • Société Générale
    Société Générale
    Société Générale S.A. is a large European Bank and a major Financial Services company that has a substantial global presence. Its registered office is on Boulevard Haussmann in the 9th arrondissement of Paris, while its head office is in the Tours Société Générale in the business district of La...

     (SG CIB)
  • Standard Bank
    Standard Bank
    The Standard Bank of South Africa Limited is one of South Africa's largest financial services groups. It operates in 30 countries around the world, including 17 in Africa.-History:...

  • Standard Chartered Bank
    Standard Chartered Bank
    Standard Chartered PLC is a multinational financial services company headquartered in London, United Kingdom with operations in more than seventy countries...

  • State Bank of India
    State Bank of India
    The State Bank of India is the largest Indian banking and financial services company with its headquarters in Mumbai, India. It is state-owned. The bank traces its ancestry to British India, through the Imperial Bank of India, to the founding in 1806 of the Bank of Calcutta, making it the oldest...

     (SBI Capital Markets Limited)
  • Stifel Financial (Stifel Nicolaus)
  • SunTrust (Robinson Humphrey)
  • Toronto-Dominion Bank
    Toronto-Dominion Bank
    The Toronto-Dominion Bank , is the second-largest bank in Canada by market capitalization and based on assets. It is also the sixth largest bank in North America. Commonly known as TD and operating as TD Bank Group, the bank was created in 1955 through the merger of the Bank of Toronto and the...

     (TD Securities
    TD Securities
    TD Securities is a leading financial services provider that offers advisory and capital market services to corporate, government, and institutional clients worldwide. They provide expertise in corporate and investment banking, capital markets, and global transaction services...

    )
  • UniCredit
    UniCredit
    UniCredit SpA is an Italy-based, pan-European banking organization, with aprox 40 million customers and operations in 22 countries.- Geography :...

     (UBM)

Independent investment banks and large cap advisory firms


Notable M&A
Mergers and acquisitions
Mergers and acquisitions refers to the aspect of corporate strategy, corporate finance and management dealing with the buying, selling, dividing and combining of different companies and similar entities that can help an enterprise grow rapidly in its sector or location of origin, or a new field or...

 advisors, brokerage firms and underwriters of securities that are not affiliated with commercial banks:
  • Allen & Company
    Allen & Company
    Allen & Company is a boutique investment bank based at 711 Fifth Avenue, New York City.-History:Founded in 1922 by Charles Robert Allen, Jr., he was soon joined by his brother, Herbert A. Allen, Sr...

  • Arma Partners
    Arma Partners
    Arma Partners is an independent advisory firm. The firm provides advisory services related primarily to mergers and acquisitions focusing exclusively on Technology, Media and Telecom companies. The firm was founded in 2003 by bankers from Goldman Sachs and other premier firms and is headquartered...

  • BBY Ltd
    BBY Ltd
    BBY Ltd is an Australian focused stock broking, corporate advisory and asset management firm. The group provides financial and advisory services to emerging companies and their investors including corporate finance, research, sales & trading, and asset management services...

  • Blackstone Group
    Blackstone Group
    The Blackstone Group L.P. is an American-based alternative asset management and financial services company that specializes in private equity, real estate, and credit and marketable alternative investment strategies, as well as financial advisory services, such as mergers and acquisitions ,...

  • Brown Brothers Harriman
  • Brown, Shipley & Co.
    Brown, Shipley & Co.
    Brown, Shipley & Co. is a long-established British private bank, based in London.It provides investment management, pensions and associated advisory services for private, institutional and corporate clients.-History:...

  • Cain Brothers
    Cain Brothers
    Cain Brothers & Company, LLC is a boutique investment banking firm that focuses exclusively on the medical services and medical technology industries and their related businesses.- History :...

  • Cantor Fitzgerald
  • Capstone Partners
    Capstone Partners
    Capstone Partners, LLC is an independent middle market investment bank, formerly the Boston branch for Arthur Andersen Corporate Finance's M&A group, at that time a wholly owned subsidiary of Arthur Andersen. The practice was founded in 1996, with John Ferrara as Andersen's Director for the Boston...

  • Centerview Partners
    Centerview Partners
    Centerview Partners is an independent investment banking and private equity investment firm. Centerview operates primarily as an investment banking advisory firm. The firm offers mergers and acquisitions advisory, takeover defense, capital allocation and divestitures services. The firm also...

  • Close Brothers Group
    Close Brothers Group
    Close Brothers Group plc is a British specialist financial services group based in the City of London. The company makes loans, trades securities and provides advice and investment management solutions to a wide range of clients....

  • CLSA
    CLSA
    'CLSA Asia-Pacific Markets' is one of the region’s largest and most highly rated independent equity brokers and financial-services groups, focused on providing broking, investment banking and asset management to corporate and institutional clients around the world.Founded in 1986, CLSA has its...

  • Collins Stewart Hawkpoint
  • Corporate Finance Associates
    Corporate Finance Associates
    Corporate Finance Associates is an international independent investment banking firm, headquartered in Los Angeles, with offices in the United States, Canada, India and affiliated offices throughout Europe. CFA was founded in 1956 to provide M&A services to mid-sized private and public firms often...

  • Cowen Group
  • C.W. Downer & Co.
    C.W. Downer & Co.
    C.W. Downer & Co. is a Boston-based independent, global Investment Bank specializing in comprehensive middle-market M&A advisory services. The firm assists both strategic and private equity clients with acquisition, divestiture, and capital raising assignments....

  • Daewoo Securities
    Daewoo Securities
    Daewoo Securities is the largest stock brokerage and investment banking firm by market capitalization in Korea. The company has been a subsidiary of KDB Financial Group since the early 2000s. Its name orginates from the large Daewoo Conglomerate of Korea to which it originally belonged to.Daewoo...

  • Defoe Fournier & Cie.
    Defoe Fournier & Cie.
    Defoe Fournier & Cie. is an investment and merchant banking company. As part of its traditional business the firm and its partners are a source of financial advice for high net worth individuals, specifically large stockholders and "family trusts" of listed family businesses.Additionally, the firm...

  • Duff & Phelps
    Duff & Phelps
    Duff & Phelps Corporation a publicly traded financial advisory and investment banking firm, providing services principally in the areas of valuation, transactions, financial restructuring, dispute and taxation...

  • Europa Partners
    Europa partners
    Europa Partners Limited is a London-based investment bank registered with the Financial Services Authority of the United Kingdom . The firm has around twenty partners and provides mergers and acquisitions and fund-raising advice to corporations and private equity firms...

  • Evercore Partners
    Evercore Partners
    Evercore Partners is an investment bank located in New York City. Evercore also has an investment management business through which the Company manages private equity and venture capital funds for institutional investors...



  • FALCOM Financial Services
    FALCOM Financial Services
    FALCOM is an investment bank located in Saudi Arabia. It was established in February 2007. The bank has won several awards including:*Arabian Business Awards 2008 - Best New Investment Bank 2008*Global Finance Awards 2008 - Best Investment Bank 2008...

  • FBR Capital Markets
    FBR Capital Markets
    FBR & Co. provides investment banking, merger and acquisition advisory, institutional brokerage, and research services through its subsidiary FBR Capital Markets & Co. FBR focuses capital and financial expertise on the following industry sectors: consumer; diversified industrials; energy & natural...

  • Financo
  • Gleacher & Co.
  • Greenhill & Co.
    Greenhill & Co.
    Greenhill & Co., Inc. is a leading independent investment bank focused on providing financial advice on significant mergers, acquisitions, restructurings, financings and capital raisings to corporations, partnerships, institutions and governments. The firm made $298.6m in sales in 2009, with a...

  • Guggenheim Partners
    Guggenheim Partners
    Guggenheim Partners, LLC is a privately held, diversified financial services firm that engages in investment banking, capital markets services, investment management, and investment advisory. The firm is headquartered in Chicago and New York with over 1,400 professionals located in 20 cities...

  • Harris Williams & Company
  • Houlihan Lokey Howard & Zukin
  • Imperial Capital
  • Investec
  • Investment Technology Group
    Investment Technology Group
    Investment Technology Group, Inc. is a United States-based multinational agency brokerage and financial markets technology firm aimed at a hedge fund and asset management clientele. One of the first suppliers of electronic trading services, ITG launched the industry’s second anonymous electronic...

  • Jefferies & Co.
    Jefferies & Co.
    Jefferies & Company, Inc., the principal operating subsidiary of Jefferies Group, Inc. is a global investment bank and institutional securities firm...

  • Keefe, Bruyette & Woods
    Keefe, Bruyette & Woods
    Keefe, Bruyette & Woods, Inc. is an investment banking firm headquartered in New York City, specializing exclusively in the financial services sector...

  • Ladenburg Thalmann
    Ladenburg Thalmann
    Ladenburg Thalmann Financial Services, a NYSE Amex-listed company , is a diversified financial services company with two primary business lines: independent brokerage and advisory, and investment banking and capital markets...

  • Lazard
    Lazard
    Lazard Ltd is the parent company of Lazard Group LLC, a global, independent investment bank with approximately 2,300 employees in 42 cities across 27 countries throughout Europe, North America, Asia, Australia, Central and South America...

  • Lincoln International
    Lincoln International
    Lincoln International is an independent investment bank specializing in advisory services and financings for middle-market companies. The firm provides a variety of advisory services including mergers & acquisitions, fairness opinions, debt and restructuring advisory. The firm completed more than...

  • M.M.Warburg & CO
  • Marathon Capital
  • Mediobanca
    Mediobanca
    Mediobanca is an Italian investment bank founded in 1946 at the initiative of Raffaele Mattioli and Enrico Cuccia to facilitate the post-World War II reconstruction of Italian industry.Enrico Cuccia led Mediobanca from 1946 to 1982...

  • Miller Buckfire & Co.
    Miller Buckfire & Co.
    Miller Buckfire & Co. is an independent investment banking firm that provides various advisory services, focused on corporate restructurings. In addition to its core restructuring business, the firm provides merger and acquisition advisory and valuation services as well as capital raising, and...

  • Moelis & Company
    Moelis & Company
    Moelis & Company is a global investment banking and merchant banking firm. The firm provides advisory services related to mergers & acquisitions, recapitalization & restructuring, capital markets advisory and risk advisory...



  • Morgan Keegan & Company
    Morgan Keegan & Company
    Morgan Keegan & Company, Inc. is the investment banking, securities brokerage, trust, and asset management division of Regions Financial Corporation. The company was founded in 1969 in Memphis, Tennessee and has over 450 offices in 20 states, over 4,000 employees, and over $890 million in equity...

  • N M Rothschild & Sons
    N M Rothschild & Sons
    N M Rothschild & Sons is a private investment banking company, belonging to the Rothschild family...

  • Needham and Company
  • Newedge
    Newedge
    Newedge Group is a diversified financial services group formed from the merger of Fimat and Calyon Financial, the brokerage arms of French financial giants Société Générale and Credit Agricole's capital markets business. It offers execution, clearing, prime brokerage investment, and asset financing...

  • Oppenheimer & Co.
  • Panmure Gordon
    Panmure Gordon
    Panmure Gordon & Co. is a British corporate and institutional stockbroker and investment bank. The firm operates in three businesses: investment banking, research and institutional sales and trading...

  • Park Lane
    Park Lane (investment bank)
    Park Lane is an investment banking firm headquartered in Los Angeles, California which provides sports finance advisory services to a wide variety of clients in the sports industry.-History:...

  • Perella Weinberg Partners
    Perella Weinberg Partners
    Perella Weinberg Partners L.P. is an independent, privately owned, global financial services firm providing corporate advisory and asset management services to clients around the world. Launched in 2006 by Joseph R. Perella, Peter Weinberg, Terry Meguid and several other partners from prominent...

  • Piper Jaffray
    Piper Jaffray
    Piper Jaffray & Co. , often shortened to just Piper Jaffray or PiperJaffray, is a U.S. middle-market investment banking firm based in Minneapolis, Minnesota, and sells financial advice, investment products, and transaction execution within targeted sectors of the financial services marketplace...

  • Pottinger (Australia)
    Pottinger (Australia)
    Pottinger is a strategic and corporate advisory firm, which provides:* Assistance with the development of strategy* Advice on mergers and acquisitions and similar transactions* Advice on capital optimisation, financial structuring and capital raising...

  • Qatalyst Partners
  • Raymond James
    Raymond James
    Raymond James Financial is a diversified financial services holding company whose subsidiaries engage primarily in investment and financial planning, in addition to investment banking and asset management...

  • Robert W. Baird & Company
  • Sagent Advisors
    Sagent Advisors
    Sagent Advisors is an independent investment bank specializing in mergers & acquisitions advisory services. The firm focuses on transactions in the several core industry sectors: consumer & retail, energy & power, financial institutions & managed care, industrial, media & telecommunications,...

  • Sandler O'Neill + Partners
  • Sherman & Company
  • Stephens Inc.
    Stephens Inc.
    Stephens Inc. is a full service, privately owned investment bank based in Little Rock, Arkansas.-History:Stephens Inc. was founded in 1933 by W.R. Witt Stephens. His brother, Jackson T. Stephens joined the firm in 1946 and served as Chairman of the Board and CEO of Stephens Inc. from 1956 to 1986....

  • Thomas Weisel Partners
    Thomas Weisel Partners
    Thomas Weisel Partners Group, Inc. , also known as TWP or Weisel, is a U.S. growth focused investment banking firm based in San Francisco, California....

  • Vermilion Partners
  • William Blair & Company
    William Blair & Company
    William Blair & Company is privately held employee-owned financial services firm that provides investment banking, equity research, brokerage, asset management and private capital services.William Blair & Company, L.L.C. was founded in 1935...

  • WR Hambrecht + Co
    WR Hambrecht + Co
    WR Hambrecht + Co. is a full service investment bank with headquarters in San Francisco and offices in New York, Boston, Philadelphia, and Tokyo. It specializes in using its unique auction process called OpenIPO to compete with the traditional methods of larger and more established banks. Recently,...



Private placement firms


Private placement agent
Private placement agent
Private placement agent or placement agent is a firm assisting either funds managers in the alternative asset class or entrepreneurs/private companies Private placement agent or placement agent is a firm assisting either funds managers in the alternative asset class (e.g. private equity ,...

s, including firms that specialize in fundraising for private equity fund
Private equity fund
A private equity fund is a collective investment scheme used for making investments in various equity securities according to one of the investment strategies associated with private equity....

s:

  • Acap Financial Inc.
  • Almeida Capital
  • Atlantic-Pacific Capital
    Atlantic-Pacific Capital
    Atlantic-Pacific Capital is a leading independently-owned placement agent. APC has established relationships with a network of institutional investors in North America, Europe, the Middle East, Australasia, and the emerging markets to which it markets private equity funds.Founded in 1995, APC has...

  • Campbell Lutyens
    Campbell Lutyens
    Campbell Lutyens is an independent private equity advisory firm exclusively focused on primary fundraising and secondary transactions in the private equity and infrastructure markets...

  • Cogent Partners
    Cogent Partners
    Cogent Partners is a boutique, private equity-focused investment bank and advisory firm and was one of the first advisory firms dedicated to transactions in the private equity secondary market . The firm, which was founded in 2002, provides an array of sell-side advisory services such as secondary...

  • C.P. Eaton Partners
  • Fimeris (fka Fidequity)


  • First Avenue Partners
  • Genesis Capital
    Genesis Capital
    Genesis Capital is an independent investment banking firm dedicated to working with public and private companies, family owned businesses and institutional investors to achieve their strategic initiatives...

  • Helix Associates
  • J.P. Morgan Cazenove
    J.P. Morgan Cazenove
    J.P. Morgan Cazenove is a leading investment bank focused on mergers & acquisitions, debt and equity placements and equity research and distribution based in the UK. The firm has approximately 900 employees....

  • Magpar
  • Monument Group


  • Mvision
  • Park Hill Group
  • Probitas Partners
    Probitas Partners
    Probitas Partners is a global investment bank focused on raising capital as a placement agent for private equity fund sponsors as well as providing portfolio management and liquidity solutions, through the private equity secondary market, for investors in private equity. The firm operates through...

  • Rodman & Renshaw
  • Triago
    Triago
    Triago is a leading global placement agent, specializing in raising capital for private equity investment firms from a range of institutional investors...



Other advisory and capital markets firms


The following is a list of other boutique advisory firms and capital markets firms:
  • Aaron, Bell International
  • Access International Capital, LLC
  • XX
  • Abaxas Group
  • ACAP Financial Inc.
  • Aforge Finance
  • Akin Bay Company
  • Ambrian
  • Angle Advisors
  • Aquaa Partners
  • Arbor Advisors
  • ArchPoint Partners
  • Arena Group
  • Aurora Capital LLC
  • Avalon Group Ltd.
  • Banca Leonardo
  • Berenson & Company
  • Berkery, Noyes & Co
    Berkery, Noyes & Co
    Berkery, Noyes & Co., LLC is a private investment bank founded in New York City in 1983, specializing in global information, media, marketing services and technology industries.-History:...

  • BG Capital
    BG Capital
    BG Capital is a full-service investment firm in the Frontier Markets of the former Soviet Union with key operations in Ukraine, Georgia, and Belarus...

  • BGR Capital & Trade
    BGR Capital & Trade
    BGR Capital & Trade, LLC is a boutique investment bank focused on sell side and buy side mergers and acquisitions, divestitures, management buyouts, leveraged buyouts, capital raising, and joint ventures. Headquartered in Washington, D.C., BGR Capital & Trade has an office in London’s West End as...

  • Blackmont Capital
  • Blaige & Company
  • Blue Crown Funding
  • Boenning & Scattergood
  • Brescon Corporate Advisors Ltd.
  • Brewin Dolphin
    Brewin Dolphin
    Brewin Dolphin plc is one of the largest British Investment Management and Investment Banking firms with 40 offices throughout the UK and Channel Islands, having £25 billion under management. The Company is listed on the London Stock Exchange and is a constituent of the FTSE 250 Index...

  • Brown, Gibbons, Lang & Company
  • Bryan, Garnier & Co
  • Bryant Park Capital
  • BTIG
  • Bulger Capital Partners
  • Business Development Asia
    Business Development Asia
    Business Development Asia LLC, or BDA, is an investment banking firm that advises on crossborder M&A , distressed situations, private placements, capital raising, valuations and financial restructurings....

  • Cain Brothers
    Cain Brothers
    Cain Brothers & Company, LLC is a boutique investment banking firm that focuses exclusively on the medical services and medical technology industries and their related businesses.- History :...

  • Capital Advice, LLC
  • The Capital Corporation
  • Carleton McKenna & Company
  • Carnegie, Wylie & Company
  • Catalyst Corporate Finance
  • CB Capital Partners
  • Celtic Equity Partners
  • Chardan Capital Markets
  • Cipher Capital
  • Clayton Capital Partners
  • Collins Group
  • Columbia West Capital
  • Concorde Capital
  • Confluence Advisors
  • Consus Partner
  • Cross Keys Capital
  • Crowe Capital Markets
  • CSG Partners
    CSG Partners
    CSG Partners is a boutique investment bank specializing in ESOPs, mergers and acquisitions, and capital advisory services for middle-market companies. The firm is headquartered in New York and has an additional office in San Francisco....

  • D. A. Davidson & Co.
    D. A. Davidson & Co.
    D.A. Davidson & Co. is an employee-owned broker-dealer based in Great Falls, Montana, United States. The company offers "integrated brokerage, capital markets, money management, trust and wealth management services."...

  • DAK Group, Ltd.
  • Dalmore Group
  • Dawson James Securities
  • Deal Strategy
  • DecisionPoint International
  • Defoe Capital
  • Dresner Partners


  • Equinet AG
  • Espírito Santo Investment
  • Eternus Capital
  • Exane
  • Fairmount Partners
  • Ferris, Baker Watts
  • First Princeton Advisors
  • FMI Capital Advisors
  • Foros
  • Freeman & Co.
  • Gemini Partners
  • Generation Equity Advisors
  • Genuity Capital Markets
  • Global Financial Services Co.
  • Global M&A GmbH
  • Golden Financial Investment Group
  • Gordian Group
  • Grace Matthews
  • Granite Tower Capital
  • Greenberg Advisors
  • GreensLedge
  • Greif & Co.
  • Gridley & Co.
  • Grisons Peak
  • GrowthPoint Technology Partners
  • HarborLight Capital Group
  • HDL Capital Corporation
  • HFP Capital Markets
  • HighTower Advisors
  • Hilco Corporate Finance
  • Hina Group
  • HNC Saudi Arabia
  • Hovde
  • Indigo Capital Holding
  • InnoVative Capital
  • Intellian Capital Advisors
  • Janney Montgomery Scott
  • Jesup & Lamont
  • JMP Securities
  • Jones Trading
  • Jordan, Knauff & Company
  • KBR Corporate Finance
  • Kerr Financial Corporation
  • Lancaster Pollard
    Lancaster Pollard
    Lancaster Pollard is a boutique investment banking firm based in Columbus, Ohio, United States, that helps health care, senior living and affordable housing organizations expand their services by providing financial advice and financing solutions...

  • Lane Berry
  • Leerink Swann
  • Leonardo & Co.
  • M3 Capital Partners
  • Madison Street Capital
  • Madison Williams and Company
  • Marlin & Associates
    Marlin & Associates
    Marlin & Associates is a New York City based boutique investment banking and strategic advisory firm, advising owners and managers of U.S. and international companies in the technology, digital information, and healthcare-related sectors....

  • Matthews Asia Funds
  • Maxim Group
  • McColl Partners
    McColl Partners
    McColl Partners, LLC is an investment bank that provides services to middle-market companies and financial institutions. McColl Partners advises clients in three primary areas: Mergers and Acquisitions , Private Capital Raises, and Strategic Advisory and Valuation Assignments.- History :McColl...

  • McGladrey Capital Markets
  • McLean Group
  • MDB Capital Group


  • Merchant Securities
  • Messier Partner
  • Midtown Partners
  • Montgomery & Co.
    Montgomery & Co.
    Montgomery & Co. is an investment bank with offices in Santa Monica, California, San Francisco, California, and New York City that primarily advises growth companies with a focus on the Communications, Healthcare, Media, and Technology industries. Montgomery & Co...

  • Multinational Strategic Financing
  • National Securities
  • Newforth Partners
  • Newstock Capital
  • Old Park Lane Capital
  • Ondra Partners
  • Orion Capital Group
  • OwlRock Capital, LLC
  • Pacific Growth Equities
  • Pacific Road Corporate Finance
  • Peachtree Capital Advisors
  • Peter J. Solomon Company
  • Pharus Advisors
  • Potomac Company
  • PrinceRidge Group
  • Pritchard Capital Partners
  • Provident Healthcare Partners
  • Quest Profin Advisor Pvt. Ltd., INDIA
  • R.G. Wuelfing & Associates
  • Remington Financial Group
  • Revolution Partners
  • RHB Investment Bank Berhad
  • ROTH Capital Partners
    Roth Capital Partners
    ROTH Capital Partners, LLC, is a full service Investment Banking firm, specializing in the small and micro cap markets. ROTH's corporate headquarters are located in Newport Beach, California....

  • Rutberg & Co.
  • Sagacious Financial Services Ltd.
  • Salman Partners
  • Scott-Macon, Ltd.
    Scott-Macon, Ltd.
    Scott-Macon, Ltd. is a boutique investment bank headquartered in New York City. Founded in 1973, it is one of the oldest independent investment banks in the United States with an emphasis on the middle market in the range of $10 million to $500 million...

  • Seymour Pierce
  • Sheshunoff Management Services
  • Signal Hill Capital Group
  • Siemer & Associates
  • Source Capital Group
  • Southwest Securities
  • Sonenshine Partners
    Sonenshine Partners
    Sonenshine Partners, is a boutique investment bank based in New York City that offers integrated strategic and financial advisory services. The firm was founded in 2000 and is led by Marshall Sonenshine and Carlo Bronzini Vender, who were members of Wolfensohn....

  • Spurrier Capital Partners
  • State Capital
  • Stone Key Partners
  • Stonepine Advisors
  • Sucsy, Fischer & Company
    Sucsy, Fischer & Company
    Sucsy, Fischer & Company is a Chicago area-based independent investment banking firm serving middle-market companies throughout the United States. It advises on sell-side and buy-side mergers and acquisitions, management buyouts, divestitures, recapitalizations and restructuring transactions...

  • TMT Partners (Australia)
  • Tejas Securities Group
  • Thurmond & Company
  • Torch Partners
  • Transparent Value
    Transparent Value
    Transparent ValueLLC is a division of Guggenheim Partners LLC specializing in the management of equity mutual funds and separately managed accounts. The firm is headquartered in New York City.-Investment Methodology:...

  • Universalis Capital (Универсалис Капитал)
  • Vector Casa de Bolsa
  • Versailles Group, Ltd.
  • Viant Group
  • Viriathus Capital
  • Westpark Capital
  • Woodbridge Group
  • Woodside Capital Partners
  • Wyatt Matas & Associates
  • Wynston Hill Capital


Notable former investment banks and brokerages


The following are notable investment banking and brokerage firms that have been liquidated, acquired or merged and no longer operate under the same name.
Firm Fate
Alex. Brown & Sons
Alex. Brown & Sons
Alex. Brown & Sons was the first investment bank in the United States, founded by Alexander Brown in 1800 and based in Baltimore, Maryland. The firm was acquired by Bankers Trust in 1997 to form BT Alex...

ultimately part of Deutsche Bank
Deutsche Bank
Deutsche Bank AG is a global financial service company with its headquarters in Frankfurt, Germany. It employs more than 100,000 people in over 70 countries, and has a large presence in Europe, the Americas, Asia Pacific and the emerging markets...

, survives as minor business unit
A.G. Becker & Co. acquired by Merrill Lynch
Merrill Lynch
Merrill Lynch is the wealth management division of Bank of America. With over 15,000 financial advisors and $2.2 trillion in client assets it is the world's largest brokerage. Formerly known as Merrill Lynch & Co., Inc., prior to 2009 the firm was publicly owned and traded on the New York...

 in 1984
A.G. Edwards
A.G. Edwards
A.G. Edwards, Inc. was an American financial services holding company; its principal wholly owned subsidiary was A.G. Edwards & Sons, Inc., which operated as a full-service securities broker-dealer in the United States and Europe. The firm was acquired by Wachovia Securities, which later was...

acquired by Wachovia
Wachovia
Wachovia was a diversified financial services company based in Charlotte, North Carolina. Before its acquisition by Wells Fargo in 2008, Wachovia was the fourth-largest bank holding company in the United States based on total assets...

 in 2007
The Argosy Group acquired by Canadian Imperial Bank of Commerce
Canadian Imperial Bank of Commerce
The Canadian Imperial Bank of Commerce is one of Canada's chartered banks, fifth largest by deposits. The bank is headquartered at Commerce Court in Toronto, Ontario. CIBC's Institution Number is 010, and its SWIFT code is CIBCCATT....

 in 1995
Babcock & Brown collapsed 2009, liquidation of its assets
BancAmerica Robertson Stephens
Bank of America
Bank of America Corporation, an American multinational banking and financial services corporation, is the second largest bank holding company in the United States by assets, and the fourth largest bank in the U.S. by market capitalization. The bank is headquartered in Charlotte, North Carolina...

acquired by NationsBank
NationsBank
NationsBank was one of the largest banking corporations in the United States, based in Charlotte, North Carolina. In 1998, it acquired BankAmerica to become Bank of America.-Corporate history:...

 in 1998 and integrated into NationsBanc Montgomery Securities
NationsBank
NationsBank was one of the largest banking corporations in the United States, based in Charlotte, North Carolina. In 1998, it acquired BankAmerica to become Bank of America.-Corporate history:...

 to form Banc of America Securities
Banc of America Securities
Banc of America Securities LLC , based in New York City, was an investment banking subsidiary of Bank of America. The firm competed in both the domestic and international equity and investment banking markets, and pursued a strategy pioneered by Citigroup that combines corporate lending with...

.
Barings collapsed 1995; assets acquired by ING Bank
Bear Stearns
Bear Stearns
The Bear Stearns Companies, Inc. based in New York City, was a global investment bank and securities trading and brokerage, until its sale to JPMorgan Chase in 2008 during the global financial crisis and recession...

collapsed 2008; assets acquired by JPMorgan Chase
Bowles Hollowell Connor & Co.
Bowles Hollowell Connor & Co.
Bowles Hollowell Connor & Co. was a leading middle market investment banking firm headquartered in Charlotte, North Carolina. The firm was founded in 1975 by Erskine Bowles and Thomas Hollowell.In April 1998, Bowles Hollowell was acquired by First Union...

acquired by First Union in 1998
Blyth, Eastman Dillon & Co.
Blyth, Eastman Dillon & Co.
Blyth, Eastman Dillon & Co. was an American investment bank founded in 1914. Blyth Eastman operated for many years as one of the only major investment banking firms on the West Coast of the U.S. At the time of its acquisition, Blyth Eastman had more than 700 finance related employees with over...

merged with Paine Webber
Paine Webber
Paine Webber and Company was an American stock brokerage and asset management firm that was acquired by the Swiss bank UBS AG in 2000. The company was founded in 1880 in Boston, Massachusetts, by William Alfred Paine and Wallace G. Webber. Operating with two employees, they leased premises at 48...

 in 1979
Broadpoint Securities merged with Gleacher Partners to form Gleacher & Co.
Brown Bros. & Co.
Brown Bros. & Co.
Brown Bros. & Co. was an investment bank from 1818 until its merger with Harriman Brothers & Company in 1931 to form Brown Brothers Harriman & Co.-History:...

merged with Harriman Brothers & Company
Harriman Brothers & Company
Harriman Brothers & Company was an investment bank and brokerage firm founded by brothers W. Averell Harriman and E. Roland Harriman in 1927. In 1931, the firm merged with Brown Bros. & Co. to form Brown Brothers Harriman & Co.-History:...

 to form Brown Brothers Harriman & Co.
Brown Brothers Harriman & Co.
Brown Brothers Harriman & Co. is an American investment bank and securities firm, founded in 1818, it is the oldest and largest private bank in the United States. Brown Brothers Harriman serves clients globally in three main businesses: Investment Banking & Advisory, Wealth Management, Commercial...

BT Alex. Brown acquried by Deutsche Bank
Deutsche Bank
Deutsche Bank AG is a global financial service company with its headquarters in Frankfurt, Germany. It employs more than 100,000 people in over 70 countries, and has a large presence in Europe, the Americas, Asia Pacific and the emerging markets...

 to form Deutsche Bank Alex. Brown
Deutsche Bank Alex. Brown
Deutsche Bank Alex. Brown was the private client services division of Deutsche Bank Securities, the U.S. corporate and investment arm of German banking colossus Deutsche Bank. It is the organization successor to the 200 year-old investment bank Alex...

C.E. Unterberg, Towbin
C.E. Unterberg, Towbin
C.E. Unterberg, Towbin, was a United States investment bank. Founded as C.E. Unterberg & Co. in 1932 by Clarence E. Unterberg, the firm changed its name to C.E Unterberg, Towbin & Co., in 1953.The firm began as a niche over-the-counter trading firm...

acquired by Collins Stewart in 2007
Commodities Corporation
Commodities Corporation
Commodities Corporation was a financial services company, based in Princeton, New Jersey that traded actively across various commodities. The firm was noted as one of the leading commodity and futures trading firms...

acquired by Goldman Sachs
Goldman Sachs
The Goldman Sachs Group, Inc. is an American multinational bulge bracket investment banking and securities firm that engages in global investment banking, securities, investment management, and other financial services primarily with institutional clients...

 and renamed Goldman Sachs Princeton
Commodities Corporation
Commodities Corporation was a financial services company, based in Princeton, New Jersey that traded actively across various commodities. The firm was noted as one of the leading commodity and futures trading firms...

 in 1997
Dain Rauscher Wessels
Dain Rauscher Wessels
Dain Rauscher Wessels was a brokerage and investment banking firm based in Minneapolis, Minnesota. The firm traced its origins to a number of smaller regional securities firms founded in the 1920s and 1930s....

bought by Royal Bank of Canada
Royal Bank of Canada
The Royal Bank of Canada or RBC Financial Group is the largest financial institution in Canada, as measured by deposits, revenues, and market capitalization. The bank serves seventeen million clients and has 80,100 employees worldwide. The company corporate headquarters are located in Toronto,...

 in 2000
Dean Witter Reynolds
Dean Witter Reynolds
Dean Witter Reynolds was an American stock brokerage and securities firm catering to retail clients. Prior to its acquisition, it was among the largest retail firms in the securities industry with over 9,000 account executives and was among the largest members of the New York Stock Exchange...

merged with Morgan Stanley
Morgan Stanley
Morgan Stanley is a global financial services firm headquartered in New York City serving a diversified group of corporations, governments, financial institutions, and individuals. Morgan Stanley also operates in 36 countries around the world, with over 600 offices and a workforce of over 60,000....

 to form Morgan Stanley Dean Witter, subsequently the Dean Witter name was eliminated
Dillon, Read & Company acquired by Swiss Bank Corporation
Swiss Bank Corporation
Swiss Bank Corporation was a large integrated financial services company located in Switzerland...

, and is ultimately part of UBS AG
UBS AG
UBS AG is a Swiss global financial services company headquartered in Basel and Zürich, Switzerland, which provides investment banking, asset management, and wealth management services for private, corporate, and institutional clients worldwide, as well as retail clients in Switzerland...

Donaldson, Lufkin & Jenrette
Donaldson, Lufkin & Jenrette
Donaldson, Lufkin & Jenrette or DLJ is a defunct U.S. investment bank founded by William H. Donaldson, Richard Jenrette and Dan Lufkin in 1959. Its businesses included securities underwriting; sales and trading; investment and merchant banking; financial advisory services; investment research;...

acquired by Credit Suisse
Credit Suisse
The Credit Suisse Group AG is a Swiss multinational financial services company headquartered in Zurich, with more than 250 branches in Switzerland and operations in more than 50 countries.-History:...

 in 2001
Drexel Burnham Lambert
Drexel Burnham Lambert
Drexel Burnham Lambert was a major Wall Street investment banking firm, which first rose to prominence and then was forced into bankruptcy in February 1990 by its involvement in illegal activities in the junk bond market, driven by Drexel employee Michael Milken. At its height, it was the...

liquidated 1990
E.F. Hutton & Co. acquired by Shearson Lehman/American Express in 1988, ultimately part of Lehman Brothers
Lehman Brothers
Lehman Brothers Holdings Inc. was a global financial services firm. Before declaring bankruptcy in 2008, Lehman was the fourth largest investment bank in the USA , doing business in investment banking, equity and fixed-income sales and trading Lehman Brothers Holdings Inc. (former NYSE ticker...

First Boston Corporation merged with Credit Suisse in 1988 to form CS First Boston, renamed Credit Suisse First Boston
Credit Suisse First Boston
Credit Suisse First Boston was the former name of the banking firm Credit Suisse.-History:In 1978, Credit Suisse and First Boston Corporation formed a London-based 50-50 investment banking joint venture called the Financière Crédit Suisse-First Boston...

 in 1996 and Credit Suisse
Credit Suisse
The Credit Suisse Group AG is a Swiss multinational financial services company headquartered in Zurich, with more than 250 branches in Switzerland and operations in more than 50 countries.-History:...

 in 2006
First Union Securities acquired by Wachovia
Wachovia
Wachovia was a diversified financial services company based in Charlotte, North Carolina. Before its acquisition by Wells Fargo in 2008, Wachovia was the fourth-largest bank holding company in the United States based on total assets...

 in 2002 to form Wachovia Securities
Wachovia Securities
Wells Fargo Advisors, is a subsidiary of Wells Fargo, located in St. Louis, Missouri. It is the second largest brokerage firm in the United States as of October 1, 2007 with $1.17 trillion retail client assets under management....

G.H. Walker & Co. acquired by White Weld & Co and ultimately part of Merrill Lynch
Merrill Lynch
Merrill Lynch is the wealth management division of Bank of America. With over 15,000 financial advisors and $2.2 trillion in client assets it is the world's largest brokerage. Formerly known as Merrill Lynch & Co., Inc., prior to 2009 the firm was publicly owned and traded on the New York...

Gerard Klauer Mattison acquired by BMO Nesbitt Burns
BMO Nesbitt Burns
BMO Nesbitt Burns is a Canadian investment firm. Since its formation in 1912, BMO Nesbitt Burns and its predecessor companies have offered aid to investors in meeting their financial goals. In August 1987 the Bank of Montreal took advantage of new banking regulations to acquire Nesbitt Thomson,...

, subsequently renamed Harris Nesbitt and later BMO Capital Markets
BMO Capital Markets
BMO Capital Markets is a North American financial services provider that offers corporate, institutional and government clients access to a complete range of products and services...

Giuliani Capital Advisors the investment banking division of Giuliani Partners
Giuliani Partners
Giuliani Partners LLC is a management consulting and security consulting business founded by former New York City Mayor Rudolph Giuliani in January 2002.-Structure:...

 was sold to Macquarie Group
Macquarie Group
Macquarie Group Limited is a global investment banking and diversified financial services group, providing banking, financial, advisory, investment and funds management services to institutional, corporate and retail clients and counterparties around the world...

 in 2007
H.B. Hollins & Co. liquidated in 1913
HJ Meyers & Co. abruptly forced to cease operations due to numerous SEC violations
Halsey, Stuart & Co.
Halsey, Stuart & Co.
Halsey, Stuart was a Chicago-based investment bank founded in 1911.In 1952, the firm made headlines when its managing partner, Harold L. Stuart, testified before the U.S. Supreme Court for the government's antitrust case against Morgan Stanley and 16 other major investment banks...

ultimately part of Wachovia
Wachovia
Wachovia was a diversified financial services company based in Charlotte, North Carolina. Before its acquisition by Wells Fargo in 2008, Wachovia was the fourth-largest bank holding company in the United States based on total assets...

Hambrecht & Quist
Hambrecht & Quist
Hambrecht & Quist was an investment bank based in San Francisco, California noted for its focus on the technology and internet sectors. H&Q was founded by William Hambrecht and George Quist in California, 1968....

acquired by Chase Manhattan Bank
Chase Manhattan Bank
JPMorgan Chase Bank, N.A., doing business as Chase, is a national bank that constitutes the consumer and commercial banking subsidiary of financial services firm JPMorgan Chase. The bank was known as Chase Manhattan Bank until it merged with J.P. Morgan & Co. in 2000...

 and ultimately part of JPMorgan Chase. H&Q name continues as investment advisor
Hambros Bank
Hambros Bank
Hambros Bank was a British bank based in London. The Hambros bank was a specialist in Anglo-Scandinavian business with expertise in trade finance and investment banking, and was the sole banker to the Scandinavian kingdoms for many years...

acquired by Société Générale
Société Générale
Société Générale S.A. is a large European Bank and a major Financial Services company that has a substantial global presence. Its registered office is on Boulevard Haussmann in the 9th arrondissement of Paris, while its head office is in the Tours Société Générale in the business district of La...

Hamershlag Borg & Co. changed name to Hamershlag Kemper in 1973, then to Hamershlag Kemper Dodeles in 1975, then to Hamershlag Dodeles in 1998 now part of Hamershalg Sulzberger Borg
Hayden, Stone & Co.
Hayden, Stone & Co.
Hayden, Stone & Co. was a major securities firm founded in 1892 by Charles Hayden and Galen L. Stone. The firm was acquired by Cogan, Berlind, Weill & Levitt in 1972 and was part of what ultimately would become Shearson/American Express in 1981.-History:...

acquired Shearson Hammill & Co. in 1974 and assumed the Shearson name. Ultimately acquired by American Express
American Express
American Express Company or AmEx, is an American multinational financial services corporation headquartered in Three World Financial Center, Manhattan, New York City, New York, United States. Founded in 1850, it is one of the 30 components of the Dow Jones Industrial Average. The company is best...

 in 1981
Harriman Brothers & Company
Harriman Brothers & Company
Harriman Brothers & Company was an investment bank and brokerage firm founded by brothers W. Averell Harriman and E. Roland Harriman in 1927. In 1931, the firm merged with Brown Bros. & Co. to form Brown Brothers Harriman & Co.-History:...

merged with Brown Bros. & Co.
Brown Bros. & Co.
Brown Bros. & Co. was an investment bank from 1818 until its merger with Harriman Brothers & Company in 1931 to form Brown Brothers Harriman & Co.-History:...

 to form Brown Brothers Harriman & Co.
Brown Brothers Harriman & Co.
Brown Brothers Harriman & Co. is an American investment bank and securities firm, founded in 1818, it is the oldest and largest private bank in the United States. Brown Brothers Harriman serves clients globally in three main businesses: Investment Banking & Advisory, Wealth Management, Commercial...

HBOS
HBOS
HBOS plc is a banking and insurance company in the United Kingdom, a wholly owned subsidiary of the Lloyds Banking Group having been taken over in January 2009...

acquired by Lloyds TSB
Lloyds TSB
Lloyds TSB Bank Plc is a retail bank in the United Kingdom. It was established in 1995 by the merger of Lloyds Bank, established in Birmingham, England in 1765 and traditionally considered one of the Big Four clearing banks, with the TSB Group which traces its origins to 1810...

 to form the Lloyds Banking Group
Lloyds Banking Group
Lloyds Banking Group plc is a major British financial institution, formed through the acquisition of HBOS by Lloyds TSB in 2009. As at February 2010, HM Treasury held a 41% shareholding through UK Financial Investments Limited . The Group headquarters is located at 25 Gresham Street in London, with...

 in 2009
Hill Samuel
Hill Samuel
Hill Samuel is a wholly owned subsidiary of Lloyds TSB's Offshore Private Banking unit. It was formerly a leading British merchant bank and financial services firm before the takeover by TSB Group Plc. in 1987, which itself merged with Lloyds Bank to become Lloyds TSB in 1995.-History:In 1832,...

acquired by Trustee Savings Bank
Trustee Savings Bank
The Trustee Savings Bank was a British financial institution which specialised in accepting savings deposits from the poor. They did not trade their shares on the stock market and, unlike mutually held building societies, depositors had no voting rights nor the ability to direct the financial and...

 (TSB) in 1987 later Lloyds TSB
Lloyds TSB
Lloyds TSB Bank Plc is a retail bank in the United Kingdom. It was established in 1995 by the merger of Lloyds Bank, established in Birmingham, England in 1765 and traditionally considered one of the Big Four clearing banks, with the TSB Group which traces its origins to 1810...

Hornblower & Weeks
Hornblower & Weeks
Hornblower & Weeks was an investment banking and brokerage firm founded by Henry Hornblower and John W. Weeks in 1888. At its peak in the late 1970s, Hornblower ranked eighth among member firms of the New York Stock Exchange in number of retail offices, with 93 retail sales offices located in the...

investment bank acquired by Loeb, Rhoades & Co.
Loeb, Rhoades & Co.
Loeb, Rhoades & Co. was a Wall Street brokerage firm founded in 1931 and acquired in 1979 by Sanford I. Weill's Shearson Hayden Stone. Although the firm would operate as Shearson Loeb Rhoades for two years, the firm would ultimately be acquired in 1981 by American Express to form Shearson/American...

 and ultimately part of Shearson/American Express
J.&W. Seligman & Co. investment bank ultimately part of UBS AG
UBS AG
UBS AG is a Swiss global financial services company headquartered in Basel and Zürich, Switzerland, which provides investment banking, asset management, and wealth management services for private, corporate, and institutional clients worldwide, as well as retail clients in Switzerland...

; continues as asset manager
J.C. Bradford & Co.
J.C. Bradford & Co.
J.C. Bradford & Co. was a Nashville-based investment banking and brokerage firm founded by James Cowdon Bradford Sr. in 1927. The firm was the first from Nashville to buy a seat on the New York Stock Exchange....

acquired by PaineWebber in 2000, ultimately part of UBS AG
UBS AG
UBS AG is a Swiss global financial services company headquartered in Basel and Zürich, Switzerland, which provides investment banking, asset management, and wealth management services for private, corporate, and institutional clients worldwide, as well as retail clients in Switzerland...

John Nuveen & Co. IBD acquired by Piper Jaffray
Piper Jaffray
Piper Jaffray & Co. , often shortened to just Piper Jaffray or PiperJaffray, is a U.S. middle-market investment banking firm based in Minneapolis, Minnesota, and sells financial advice, investment products, and transaction execution within targeted sectors of the financial services marketplace...

 in 1999; company continues as asset management house under Nuveen Investments
Nuveen investments
Nuveen Investments is a Chicago based private company in the asset management industry. Nuveen was founded in Chicago, Illinois in 1898 and was previously named The John Nuveen Co., after founder John Nuveen....

, which is controlled by private equity firm Madison Dearborn Partners
Kidder, Peabody & Co.
Kidder, Peabody & Co.
Kidder, Peabody & Co. was a U.S.-based securities firm, established in Massachusetts in 1865. Its operations included investment banking, brokerage, and trading....

acquired by General Electric Corporation in 1986, subsequently resold to PaineWebber in 1994 and ultimately part of UBS AG
UBS AG
UBS AG is a Swiss global financial services company headquartered in Basel and Zürich, Switzerland, which provides investment banking, asset management, and wealth management services for private, corporate, and institutional clients worldwide, as well as retail clients in Switzerland...

Kleinwort Benson
Kleinwort Benson
Kleinwort Benson is a leading Private Bank that offers a wide range of financial services to private and corporate clients from offices throughout the United Kingdom and Channel Islands. The bank has its headquarters on St George Street in Mayfair, and is supported by seven UK regional and two...

acquired by Dresdner Bank
Dresdner Bank
Dresdner Bank AG was one of Germany's largest banking corporations and was based in Frankfurt. It was acquired by competitor Commerzbank in December 2009.- 19th century :...

 in 1995
Kuhn, Loeb & Co.
Kuhn, Loeb & Co.
Kuhn, Loeb & Co. was a bulge bracket, investment bank founded in 1867 by Abraham Kuhn and Solomon Loeb. Under the leadership of Jacob H. Schiff, it grew to be one of the most influential investment banks in the late 19th and early 20th centuries, financing America's expanding railways and growth...

ultimately part of Lehman Brothers
Lehman Brothers
Lehman Brothers Holdings Inc. was a global financial services firm. Before declaring bankruptcy in 2008, Lehman was the fourth largest investment bank in the USA , doing business in investment banking, equity and fixed-income sales and trading Lehman Brothers Holdings Inc. (former NYSE ticker...

L.F. Rothschild
L.F. Rothschild
L.F. Rothschild was a merchant and investment banking firm based in the United States and founded in 1899. The firm collapsed following the 1987 stock market crash.-History:...

ultimately part of C.E. Unterberg, Towbin, with parts sold to Oppenheimer
Oppenheimer
Oppenheimer as a surname may refer to:* Alan Oppenheimer , film actor* Andrés Oppenheimer , Argentine author and journalist known for his analysis of Latin American politics...

‘‘not to be confused with N.M. Rothschild, Rothschild Group; see Rothschild family
Rothschild family
The Rothschild family , known as The House of Rothschild, or more simply as the Rothschilds, is a Jewish-German family that established European banking and finance houses starting in the late 18th century...

Lee, Higginson & Co.
Lee, Higginson & Co.
Lee, Higginson & Co. was a prominent Boston-based investment bank during the 1840s to 1932, home of many members of Boston Brahmin establishment. The bank collapsed in the Swedish match scandal in 1932 while under the leadership of Jerome Davis Greene. Also known for financing the growth of...

liquidated 1932
Lehman Brothers
Lehman Brothers
Lehman Brothers Holdings Inc. was a global financial services firm. Before declaring bankruptcy in 2008, Lehman was the fourth largest investment bank in the USA , doing business in investment banking, equity and fixed-income sales and trading Lehman Brothers Holdings Inc. (former NYSE ticker...

bankrupt in 2008, asset sold to Barclays Capital
Barclays Capital
Barclays Capital is a global British investment bank. It is the investment banking division of Barclays plc which has a balance sheet of over £1.2 trillion . Barclays Capital provides financing and risk management services to large companies, institutions and government clients. It is a primary...

 and Nomura Holdings
Nomura Holdings
Nomura Holdings, Inc. is a Japanese financial holding company, and a principal member of the Nomura Group.In October 2008 the company acquired Lehman Brothers Holdings's investment banking and equities unit in Asia and Europe and kept on most of its employees. Nomura paid $225 million for the...

Loeb, Rhoades & Co.
Loeb, Rhoades & Co.
Loeb, Rhoades & Co. was a Wall Street brokerage firm founded in 1931 and acquired in 1979 by Sanford I. Weill's Shearson Hayden Stone. Although the firm would operate as Shearson Loeb Rhoades for two years, the firm would ultimately be acquired in 1981 by American Express to form Shearson/American...

acquired by Shearson Hammill & Co. to form Shearson Loeb Rhoades in 1979 which was later acquired by American Express
American Express
American Express Company or AmEx, is an American multinational financial services corporation headquartered in Three World Financial Center, Manhattan, New York City, New York, United States. Founded in 1850, it is one of the 30 components of the Dow Jones Industrial Average. The company is best...

 in 1981 to form Shearson/American Express
Mendelssohn & Co.
Mendelssohn & Co.
Mendelssohn & Co. was a private bank residing in Berlin, Germany. During the late 19th and early 20th centuries, it was one of the preeminent banking houses in Europe....

aryanized
Aryanization
Aryanization is a term coined during Nazism referring to the forced expulsion of so-called "non-Aryans", mainly Jews, from business life in Nazi Germany and the territories it controlled....

 by the Nazis in 1938, sold in parts to Deutsche Bank
Deutsche Bank
Deutsche Bank AG is a global financial service company with its headquarters in Frankfurt, Germany. It employs more than 100,000 people in over 70 countries, and has a large presence in Europe, the Americas, Asia Pacific and the emerging markets...

Merrill Lynch & Co. acquired by Bank of America
Bank of America
Bank of America Corporation, an American multinational banking and financial services corporation, is the second largest bank holding company in the United States by assets, and the fourth largest bank in the U.S. by market capitalization. The bank is headquartered in Charlotte, North Carolina...

 in 2008 and integrated into Banc of America Securities
Banc of America Securities
Banc of America Securities LLC , based in New York City, was an investment banking subsidiary of Bank of America. The firm competed in both the domestic and international equity and investment banking markets, and pursued a strategy pioneered by Citigroup that combines corporate lending with...

 to form Bank of America Merrill Lynch
Bank of America Merrill Lynch
Bank of America Merrill Lynch is the corporate and investment banking division of Bank of America. It provides services in mergers and acquisitions, equity and debt capital markets, lending, trading, risk management, research, and liquidity and payments management...

Montgomery Securities
Montgomery Securities
Montgomery Securities was a west-coast investment bank based in San Francisco, California, that specialized in high technology and health care sectors. The firm was founded in 1978 by Thom Weisel....

acquired by NationsBank
NationsBank
NationsBank was one of the largest banking corporations in the United States, based in Charlotte, North Carolina. In 1998, it acquired BankAmerica to become Bank of America.-Corporate history:...

 in 1997 and integrated into NationsBanc Capital Markets
NationsBank
NationsBank was one of the largest banking corporations in the United States, based in Charlotte, North Carolina. In 1998, it acquired BankAmerica to become Bank of America.-Corporate history:...

 to form NationsBanc Montgomery Securities
NationsBank
NationsBank was one of the largest banking corporations in the United States, based in Charlotte, North Carolina. In 1998, it acquired BankAmerica to become Bank of America.-Corporate history:...

Morgan & Cie acquired by Morgan Stanley
Morgan Stanley
Morgan Stanley is a global financial services firm headquartered in New York City serving a diversified group of corporations, governments, financial institutions, and individuals. Morgan Stanley also operates in 36 countries around the world, with over 600 offices and a workforce of over 60,000....

 in 1967 and incorporated as Morgan et Compagnie International in Morgan Stanley International Incorporated in 1975
Morgan Grenfell acquired by Deutsche Bank
Deutsche Bank
Deutsche Bank AG is a global financial service company with its headquarters in Frankfurt, Germany. It employs more than 100,000 people in over 70 countries, and has a large presence in Europe, the Americas, Asia Pacific and the emerging markets...

 in 1990
Morgan, Harjes & Co.
Morgan, Harjes & Co.
Morgan, Harjes & Co. was a Paris-based investment bank founded in 1868 by John H. Harjes, Eugene Winthrop and Anthony J. Drexel as Drexel, Harjes & Co. In 1871, with the formation of Drexel, Morgan & Co., together with J...

renamed Morgan & Cie in 1926 and acquired by Morgan Stanley in 1926
Paine Webber
Paine Webber
Paine Webber and Company was an American stock brokerage and asset management firm that was acquired by the Swiss bank UBS AG in 2000. The company was founded in 1880 in Boston, Massachusetts, by William Alfred Paine and Wallace G. Webber. Operating with two employees, they leased premises at 48...

acquired by UBS AG
UBS AG
UBS AG is a Swiss global financial services company headquartered in Basel and Zürich, Switzerland, which provides investment banking, asset management, and wealth management services for private, corporate, and institutional clients worldwide, as well as retail clients in Switzerland...

Park Ryan liquidated 1979
Petrie Parkman & Co. acquired by Merrill Lynch
Merrill Lynch
Merrill Lynch is the wealth management division of Bank of America. With over 15,000 financial advisors and $2.2 trillion in client assets it is the world's largest brokerage. Formerly known as Merrill Lynch & Co., Inc., prior to 2009 the firm was publicly owned and traded on the New York...

 in 2006
Prudential Securities
Prudential Securities
Prudential Securities was the financial services arm of the insurer, Prudential Financial. In 2003, Prudential Securities was merged into Wachovia Securities, a division of Wachovia Bank.-History:...

acquired by Wachovia
Wachovia
Wachovia was a diversified financial services company based in Charlotte, North Carolina. Before its acquisition by Wells Fargo in 2008, Wachovia was the fourth-largest bank holding company in the United States based on total assets...

 in 2003
Putnam Lovell acquired by National Bank Financial in 2002; acquired from NBF by Jefferies & Company in 2007
Reynolds Securities
Reynolds Securities
Reynolds Securities was a publicly traded brokerage firm. Founded in 1931 by Richard S. Reynolds, Jr., the firm was acquired by Dean Witter & Co. in 1978.The firm's motto, "We work for a world of investors...

merged with Dean Witter & Co. to form Dean Witter Reynolds
Dean Witter Reynolds
Dean Witter Reynolds was an American stock brokerage and securities firm catering to retail clients. Prior to its acquisition, it was among the largest retail firms in the securities industry with over 9,000 account executives and was among the largest members of the New York Stock Exchange...

, subsequently merged with Morgan Stanley
Morgan Stanley
Morgan Stanley is a global financial services firm headquartered in New York City serving a diversified group of corporations, governments, financial institutions, and individuals. Morgan Stanley also operates in 36 countries around the world, with over 600 offices and a workforce of over 60,000....

Robert Fleming & Co.
Robert Fleming & Co.
Robert Fleming & Co. was an asset manager and merchant bank founded in Dundee, Scotland, in 1873. In 1909 the firm moved its headquarters to London. It was sold to Chase Manhattan Bank for over $7 billion in 2000....

acquired by JPMorgan Chase
Robertson Stephens
Robertson Stephens
Robertson Stephens was a San Francisco-based boutique investment bank that focused on primarily on technology companies...

acquired by BankAmerica in 1997 and integrated into BancAmerica Securities to form BancAmerica Robertson Stephens. Sold again in 1998 to BankBoston (later FleetBoston Financial
FleetBoston Financial
FleetBoston Financial was a Boston, Massachusetts–based bank created in 1999 by the merger of Fleet Financial Group and BankBoston. In 2004 it merged with Bank of America; all of its banks and branches were given the Bank of America logo.-History:...

 and would operate as Robertson Stephens from 1998–2002, when the firm was shuttered after the collapse of the Internet bubble
Roosevelt & Son
Roosevelt & Son
Roosevelt & Son was an investment banking firm connected with the Roosevelt Family for nearly two centuries. The firm was among the oldest banking houses on Wall Street.Many of the male members of the Roosevelt family worked for the firm in some capacity....

Broken up into three firms in 1934: Roosevelt & Son (liquidated), Roosevelt & Weigold (today operates as Roosevelt & Cross; and Dick & Merle Smith
Ryan Beck & Co.
Ryan Beck & Co.
Ryan Beck & Co. was an investment banking and brokerage firm based in New Jersey. Since its acquisition in 2007, the firm has operated as a subsidiary of Stifel Financial.-History:...

ultimately part of Stifel Financial Corp., parent company of Stifel Nicolaus
Stifel Nicolaus
Stifel Nicolaus and Company, Inc., incorporated in 1923, is the largest subsidiary of Stifel Financial Corporation and is a member of Securities Investor Protection Corporation . The parent company has several subsidiaries....

S. G. Warburg & Co ultimately part of UBS AG
UBS AG
UBS AG is a Swiss global financial services company headquartered in Basel and Zürich, Switzerland, which provides investment banking, asset management, and wealth management services for private, corporate, and institutional clients worldwide, as well as retail clients in Switzerland...

; not to be confused with M.M. Warburg or Warburg Pincus
Warburg Pincus
Warburg Pincus, LLC is an American private equity firm with offices in the United States, Europe, Brazil and Asia. It has been a private equity investor since 1966...

; see Warburg family
Warburg family
The Warburg family is a financial dynasty of German Jewish origin, noted for their accomplishments in physics, classical music, art history, pharmacology, physiology, finance, private equity and philanthropy. They are believed to be descended from the Venetian Jewish del Banco family, in the early...

Salomon Brothers
Salomon Brothers
Salomon Brothers was a bulge bracket, Wall Street investment bank. Founded in 1910 by three brothers along with a clerk named Ben Levy, it remained a partnership until the early 1980s, when it was acquired by the commodity trading firm Phibro Corporation and then became Salomon Inc. Eventually...

acquired by Travelers Group in 1997, ultimately part of Citigroup
Citigroup
Citigroup Inc. or Citi is an American multinational financial services corporation headquartered in Manhattan, New York City, New York, United States. Citigroup was formed from one of the world's largest mergers in history by combining the banking giant Citicorp and financial conglomerate...

Schroders
Schroders
Schroders plc is a British multinational asset management company with over 200 years of experience in the world's financial markets. The company employs 2,905 people worldwide who are operating from 32 offices in 25 different countries around Europe, America, Asia and the Middle East...

investment bank bought by Citigroup
Citigroup
Citigroup Inc. or Citi is an American multinational financial services corporation headquartered in Manhattan, New York City, New York, United States. Citigroup was formed from one of the world's largest mergers in history by combining the banking giant Citicorp and financial conglomerate...

; continues as asset manager
Shearson/American Express acquired Lehman Brothers Kuhn Loeb
Lehman Brothers
Lehman Brothers Holdings Inc. was a global financial services firm. Before declaring bankruptcy in 2008, Lehman was the fourth largest investment bank in the USA , doing business in investment banking, equity and fixed-income sales and trading Lehman Brothers Holdings Inc. (former NYSE ticker...

 in 1984 to form Shearson Lehman/American Express, later Shearson Lehman Hutton and Shearson Lehman Brothers
Shearson, Hammill & Co.
Shearson, Hammill & Co.
Shearson, Hammill & Co. was a Wall Street brokerage and investment banking firm founded in 1902 by Edward Shearson and Caleb Wild Hammill. The firm originally built its business as a stock broker as well as a broker of various commodities, particularly grain and cotton...

renamed Shearson Loeb Rhoades after the 1979 acquisition of Loeb, Rhoades & Co.
Loeb, Rhoades & Co.
Loeb, Rhoades & Co. was a Wall Street brokerage firm founded in 1931 and acquired in 1979 by Sanford I. Weill's Shearson Hayden Stone. Although the firm would operate as Shearson Loeb Rhoades for two years, the firm would ultimately be acquired in 1981 by American Express to form Shearson/American...

 in 1979. Acquired by American Express
American Express
American Express Company or AmEx, is an American multinational financial services corporation headquartered in Three World Financial Center, Manhattan, New York City, New York, United States. Founded in 1850, it is one of the 30 components of the Dow Jones Industrial Average. The company is best...

 in 1981 to form Shearson/American Express
Shearson Lehman Hutton renamed Shearson Lehman Brothers in 1990 and split up in 1993 with the IPO of Lehman Brothers
Lehman Brothers
Lehman Brothers Holdings Inc. was a global financial services firm. Before declaring bankruptcy in 2008, Lehman was the fourth largest investment bank in the USA , doing business in investment banking, equity and fixed-income sales and trading Lehman Brothers Holdings Inc. (former NYSE ticker...

 and the sale of the retail and brokerage operations to Primerica
Simon Borg and Co. became part of Hamershlag Borg & Co. in 1927 now a part of Hamershlag Sulzberger Borg
Soundview Technology Group
SoundView Technology Group
Soundview Technology Group was an American technology-focused securities and investment banking firm known primarily for its equity research on technology and other growth oriented companies...

ultimately part of Charles Schwab
Charles Schwab
Charles Schwab may refer to:*Charles M. Schwab , American steel magnate*Charles R. Schwab , founder of the eponymous brokerage*Charles Schwab Corp., an American based brokerage firm...

Swiss Bank Corporation
Swiss Bank Corporation
Swiss Bank Corporation was a large integrated financial services company located in Switzerland...

merged with Union Bank of Switzerland
Union Bank of Switzerland
Union Bank of Switzerland was a large integrated financial services company located in Switzerland. The bank, which at the time was the second largest bank in Switzerland, merged with Swiss Bank Corporation in 1998, to become UBS to form what was then the largest bank in Europe and the second...

 to form UBS AG
UBS AG
UBS AG is a Swiss global financial services company headquartered in Basel and Zürich, Switzerland, which provides investment banking, asset management, and wealth management services for private, corporate, and institutional clients worldwide, as well as retail clients in Switzerland...

Union Bank of Switzerland
Union Bank of Switzerland
Union Bank of Switzerland was a large integrated financial services company located in Switzerland. The bank, which at the time was the second largest bank in Switzerland, merged with Swiss Bank Corporation in 1998, to become UBS to form what was then the largest bank in Europe and the second...

merged with Swiss Bank Corporation
Swiss Bank Corporation
Swiss Bank Corporation was a large integrated financial services company located in Switzerland...

 to form UBS AG
UBS AG
UBS AG is a Swiss global financial services company headquartered in Basel and Zürich, Switzerland, which provides investment banking, asset management, and wealth management services for private, corporate, and institutional clients worldwide, as well as retail clients in Switzerland...

Vickers Ballas Holdings acquired by DBS Bank
DBS Bank
DBS Bank Ltd is a bank incorporated in Singapore. It was previously known as The Development Bank of Singapore Limited, before the present name was adopted in July 2003 to reflect its changing role as a regional bank....

Wachovia Securities
Wachovia Securities
Wells Fargo Advisors, is a subsidiary of Wells Fargo, located in St. Louis, Missouri. It is the second largest brokerage firm in the United States as of October 1, 2007 with $1.17 trillion retail client assets under management....

acquired by Wells Fargo
Wells Fargo
Wells Fargo & Company is an American multinational diversified financial services company with operations around the world. Wells Fargo is the fourth largest bank in the U.S. by assets and the largest bank by market capitalization. Wells Fargo is the second largest bank in deposits, home...

 in 2008 and renamed Wells Fargo Securities
Wells Fargo
Wells Fargo & Company is an American multinational diversified financial services company with operations around the world. Wells Fargo is the fourth largest bank in the U.S. by assets and the largest bank by market capitalization. Wells Fargo is the second largest bank in deposits, home...

Wasserstein Perella & Co.
Wasserstein Perella & Co.
Wasserstein Perella & Co. was an investment bank established by Bruce Wasserstein, Joseph R. Perella, Bill Lambert, and one other founder in 1988, former bankers at First Boston Corp., until its eventual sale to Dresdner Bank in 2000 for some $1.4 billion in stock...

bought by Dresdner Bank
Dresdner Bank
Dresdner Bank AG was one of Germany's largest banking corporations and was based in Frankfurt. It was acquired by competitor Commerzbank in December 2009.- 19th century :...

Wessels, Arnold & Henderson bought by Dain Rauscher to form Dain Rauscher Wessels
Dain Rauscher Wessels
Dain Rauscher Wessels was a brokerage and investment banking firm based in Minneapolis, Minnesota. The firm traced its origins to a number of smaller regional securities firms founded in the 1920s and 1930s....

, later RBC Dain Rauscher
Wertheim & Co.
Wertheim & Co.
Wertheim & Co. was an investment firm founded in 1927 by Maurice Wertheim and Joseph Klingenstein, who met when they worked together at Hallgarten & Company...

acquired by Schroders, and ultimately by Salomon Smith Barney
Wheat First ultimately part of Wachovia
Wachovia
Wachovia was a diversified financial services company based in Charlotte, North Carolina. Before its acquisition by Wells Fargo in 2008, Wachovia was the fourth-largest bank holding company in the United States based on total assets...

White Weld & Co.
White Weld & Co.
White Weld & Co. was a Boston-based investment bank, historically managed by Boston Brahmins until its sale to Merrill Lynch in 1978. The Weld family name can be traced back to the founding of Massachusetts in the 1630s.-History:...

bought by Merrill Lynch
Merrill Lynch
Merrill Lynch is the wealth management division of Bank of America. With over 15,000 financial advisors and $2.2 trillion in client assets it is the world's largest brokerage. Formerly known as Merrill Lynch & Co., Inc., prior to 2009 the firm was publicly owned and traded on the New York...

WIT Capital bought by Charles Schwab
Charles Schwab
Charles Schwab may refer to:*Charles M. Schwab , American steel magnate*Charles R. Schwab , founder of the eponymous brokerage*Charles Schwab Corp., an American based brokerage firm...

Wood Gundy acquired by the Canadian Imperial Bank of Commerce
Canadian Imperial Bank of Commerce
The Canadian Imperial Bank of Commerce is one of Canada's chartered banks, fifth largest by deposits. The bank is headquartered at Commerce Court in Toronto, Ontario. CIBC's Institution Number is 010, and its SWIFT code is CIBCCATT....

 in 1987, operating as CIBC Wood Gundy
CIBC Wood Gundy
CIBC Wood Gundy is the is the Canadian retail brokerage division of CIBC World Markets, a division of the Canadian Imperial Bank of Commerce.CIBC Wood Gundy maintains a network of 1,400 brokers working in over 100 branches across Canada...

 before becoming CIBC World Markets
CIBC World Markets
CIBC World Markets is the investment banking subsidiary of the Canadian Imperial Bank of Commerce. The firm operates as an investment bank both in the domestic and international equity and debt capital markets...

 in 1997

See also