List of grape varieties

List of grape varieties

Encyclopedia
This is a list of varieties of cultivated grape
Grape
A grape is a non-climacteric fruit, specifically a berry, that grows on the perennial and deciduous woody vines of the genus Vitis. Grapes can be eaten raw or they can be used for making jam, juice, jelly, vinegar, wine, grape seed extracts, raisins, molasses and grape seed oil. Grapes are also...

s, whether used for wine
Wine
Wine is an alcoholic beverage, made of fermented fruit juice, usually from grapes. The natural chemical balance of grapes lets them ferment without the addition of sugars, acids, enzymes, or other nutrients. Grape wine is produced by fermenting crushed grapes using various types of yeast. Yeast...

, or eating as a table grape
Table grape
Table grapes are grapes intended for consumption while they are fresh, as opposed to grapes grown for wine production, juice production, or for drying into raisins....

, fresh or dried (raisin
Raisin
Raisins are dried grapes. They are produced in many regions of the world. Raisins may be eaten raw or used in cooking, baking and brewing...

, currant
Zante currant
The Zante currant , or currant are dried berries of small, sweet, seedless grape variety Black Corinth . The name comes from the Anglo-French phrase "raisins de Corinthe" and the Ionian island of Zakynthos , which was once the major producer and exporter...

, sultana
Sultana (grape)
The sultana is a type of white, seedless grape assumed to originate from the Turkish, Greek, or Iranian area...

).

The term "grape varieties" actually refers to cultivar
Cultivar
A cultivar'Cultivar has two meanings as explained under Formal definition. When used in reference to a taxon, the word does not apply to an individual plant but to all those plants sharing the unique characteristics that define the cultivar. is a plant or group of plants selected for desirable...

s rather than botanical varieties according to the International Code of Nomenclature for Cultivated Plants
International Code of Nomenclature for Cultivated Plants
The International Code of Nomenclature for Cultivated Plants regulates the names of cultigens...

, because they are propagated by cuttings and may have unstable reproductive properties. However, the term variety has become so entrenched in viticulture that any change to usage of the term cultivar is unlikely.

Single species grapes


While some of the grapes in this section are hybrids, they are hybridized within a single species (for example, Niagara
Niagara grape
Niagara grapes are a variety of the North American grape species Vitis labrusca and are used as table grapes and for wines, as well as jams and juice. Niagara is the leading green grape grown in the United States. The Niagara grape was created in Niagara County, New York, in 1868 when C. L. Hoag...

). For those grapes hybridized across species, see the section on multispecies hybrid grapes below.

Red grapes



  • Abbuotto
  • Abouriou
    Abouriou
    Abouriou is a red wine grape grown primarily in South West France and, in small quantities, in California. It is a blending grape that along with Malbec, Cabernet Sauvignon, Syrah, Fer, Cabernet Franc, Merlot and Gamay is used to make the French wine Côtes du Marmandais...

  • Acolon
    Acolon
    Acolon is a German wine grape variety. It is a crossing between Blauer Lemberger and Dornfelder.It was created in 1971 at the Staatliche Lehr- und Versuchsanstalt für Wein- und Obstbau in Weinsberg , Germany. The variety was officially recognised in 2002. It ripens early and produces a very...

  • Agiorgitiko
    Agiorgitiko
    Agiorgitiko is one of the two widely-grown heat-resistant Greek wine-making grape varieties, the other being Xynomavro. It is a red variety that has traditionally been grown in the Nemea region of the Peloponnese...

    /Aghiorghitiko
  • Aglianico
    Aglianico
    Aglianico is a black grape grown in the Basilicata and Campania regions of Italy. The vine originated in Greece and was brought to the south of Italy by Greek settlers. The name may be a corruption of Vitis hellenica, Latin for "Greek vine"...

  • Aleatico
    Aleatico
    Aleatico is a red wine grape. Ampelographers suspect that Muscat Blanc à Petits Grains may be a mutation of the Aleatico cultivar. Aleatico is notable for being the primary grape in the cult wine Aleatico di Portoferraio made in Elba. It is grown most commonly in the Puglia and Lazio region of...

    /Agliano
    Aleatico
    Aleatico is a red wine grape. Ampelographers suspect that Muscat Blanc à Petits Grains may be a mutation of the Aleatico cultivar. Aleatico is notable for being the primary grape in the cult wine Aleatico di Portoferraio made in Elba. It is grown most commonly in the Puglia and Lazio region of...

  • Alexandrouli
    Alexandrouli
    Alexandrouli is a red grape variety grown in the country of Georgia.-History:The grape is reputed to be one of the oldest and greatest of the Georgian varieties, but is also reported by the Geilweilerhof database as a selected seedling of Muscat of Alexandria...

  • Alfrocheiro Preto
    Alfrocheiro Preto
    Alfrocheiro Preto is a red Portuguese wine grape variety planted primarily in the Dão DOC and Alentejano VR. The grape is known for the deep coloring it can add to wine blends.-Synonyms:...

  • Alicante Bouschet
    Alicante Bouschet
    Alicante Bouschet or Alicante Henri Bouschet is a wine grape variety that has been widely cultivated since 1866. It is a cross of Petit Bouschet and Grenache. Alicante is a teinturier, a grape with red flesh. It is one of the few teinturier grapes that belong to the Vitis vinifera species...

  • Alicante Ganzin
    Alicante Ganzin
    Alicante Ganzin is a red French wine grape variety. Unlike most Vitis vinifera wine grapes, Alicante Ganzin is a teinturier with dark flesh that produces red juice...

  • Alvarelhão
    Alvarelhão
    -History:Alvarelhão must have originated in northern Portugal, but little is known of its ancestry. DNA studies have shown some similarity to Esgana Cão.-Portugal:...

     / Brancelho
  • Amorghiano
  • Ancellotta
    Ancellotta
    Ancellotta is a wine grape variety mainly grown in the Emilia-Romagna region of Italy, but also in some other parts of north Italy, and in south Switzerland.-Wine regions:...

  • Aragónez
  • Aramon
    Aramon (grape)
    Aramon or Aramon Noir is a variety of red wine grape grown primarily in Languedoc-Roussillon in southern France. Between the late 19th century and the 1960s, it was France's most grown grape variety, but plantings of Aramon have been in continuous decline since the mid-20th century...

  • Aspiran
    Aspiran (grape)
    Aspiran Noir or Aspiran is a red French wine grape variety planted primarily in the Languedoc where it permitted under Appellation d'origine contrôlée regulations in the red wines of the Minervois AOC...

  • Aubun
    Aubun
    Aubun is a red wine grape grown primarily in the Rhône valley. The grape has similar characteristics to Carignan grapes in that it tends to produce high yields and produces wines that are fat with slight bitter finishes. Early during the phylloxera epidemic of the 19th century, the Auban vines...

  • Avana
  • Avarengo
  • Băbească Neagră
    Băbească Neagră
    Băbească Neagră is an old native Romanian - Moldovan wine grape variety. It is cultivated in the south of Moldova and in Romania , and is the second most planted grape variety in Romania, with about in 2005...

  • Baco Noir
    Baco noir
    Baco noir is a hybrid red wine grape variety produced from a cross of Vitis vinifera var. Folle Blanche, a French wine grape, and an unknown variety of Vitis riparia indigenous to North America. Baco noir produces a medium body, deeply tinted, acidic red wine which is fruit forward and often...

  • Baga
    Baga (grape)
    Baga is a red Portuguese wine grape variety planted primarily in the Bairrada DOC. As a varietal, Baga produces tannic wines with high acidity.-Synonyms:...

  • Barbarossa
  • Barbera
    Barbera
    Barbera is a red Italian wine grape variety that, as of 2000, was the third most-planted red grape variety in Italy . It produces good yields and is known for deep color, low tannins and high levels of acid...

  • Barsalinga
  • Bastardo/ Trousseau
  • Bellone
    Bellone
    Bellone is a red Italian wine grape variety that wine historians believed was cultivated in Roman times. A white skin clone also exist. By 1990, nearly 3,000 hectares/7,400 acres of the variety was still being cultivated and eligible to be blended in the wines of several Latium Denominazione di...

  • Béquignol
    Béquignol
    Béquignol is a red French wine grape variety found primarily in southwest France where it has a history of being used in early Bordeaux wines. Today it is rarely used in Bordeaux but some producers in Lavilledieu Vin Délimité de Qualité Supérieure in the Tarn-et-Garonne region still used Béquignol...

  • Black Muscat
    Black Muscat
    Black Muscat is a Vitis vinifera grape variety derived from the crossing of the Schiava Grossa and Muscat of Alexandria varieties. It is known under a variety of local names such as Golden Hamburg, and Black Hamburg in the US; Muscat de Hambourg in France; Moscato di Amburgo in Italy; and Muscat...

  • Blatina
    Blatina
    Blatina is red wine grape variety primarily grown in the Herzegovina region of Bosnia and Herzegovina. It has a functional female flower , and for that reason it is always cultivated in plantations with other varieties such as Alicante bouschet , Merlot, and Trnjak, which at the same time pollinate...

  • Blauburger
    Blauburger
    Blauburger is a red wine grape variety that is grown a little in Austria and Hungary. It should not be confused with Blauburgunder, which is an Austrian synonym for Pinot Noir.-History:...

  • Blauer Portugieser
    Blauer Portugieser
    Blauer Portugieser is a red Austrian and German wine grape found primarily in the Rheinhessen, Pfalz and wine regions of Lower Austria. It is also one of the permitted grapes in the Hungarian wine Egri Bikavér . In Germany, the cultivated area covered or 4.5% of the total vineyard area in 2007...

     / Blauer Portuguiser
    Blauer Portugieser
    Blauer Portugieser is a red Austrian and German wine grape found primarily in the Rheinhessen, Pfalz and wine regions of Lower Austria. It is also one of the permitted grapes in the Hungarian wine Egri Bikavér . In Germany, the cultivated area covered or 4.5% of the total vineyard area in 2007...

     / Oporto
    Blauer Portugieser
    Blauer Portugieser is a red Austrian and German wine grape found primarily in the Rheinhessen, Pfalz and wine regions of Lower Austria. It is also one of the permitted grapes in the Hungarian wine Egri Bikavér . In Germany, the cultivated area covered or 4.5% of the total vineyard area in 2007...

     / Kékoportó / Portugais
  • Blaufränkisch
    Blaufränkisch
    Blaufränkisch is a dark-skinned variety of grape used for red wine. Blaufränkisch, which is a late-ripening variety gives red wines which are typically rich in tannin and may exhibit a pronounced spicy character...

     / Lemberger
    Blaufränkisch
    Blaufränkisch is a dark-skinned variety of grape used for red wine. Blaufränkisch, which is a late-ripening variety gives red wines which are typically rich in tannin and may exhibit a pronounced spicy character...

     / Franconia
    Blaufränkisch
    Blaufränkisch is a dark-skinned variety of grape used for red wine. Blaufränkisch, which is a late-ripening variety gives red wines which are typically rich in tannin and may exhibit a pronounced spicy character...

     / Kékfrankos / Gamé
    Game
    A game is structured playing, usually undertaken for enjoyment and sometimes used as an educational tool. Games are distinct from work, which is usually carried out for remuneration, and from art, which is more often an expression of aesthetic or ideological elements...

  • Bobal
    Bobal
    Bobal is a variety of Vitis Vinifera, a red grape used in winemaking. It is native to the Utiel-Requena region in Valencia, Spain. The name derives from the Latin bovale, in reference to the shape of a bull’s head....

  • Bogazkere
    Boğazkere
    Boğazkere is a Turkish grape variety and a Turkish wine originated from Elazığ Province near the Tigris river in Southeastern region of Turkey. Its very dark red rich grape and its very well structured with dried fruit flavors and fig taste...

  • Bonarda
  • Bondola
    Bondola
    Bondola is a wine grape variety grown in the northern part of Ticino, Switzerland. It is mainly used in traditional wines, mainly by small or family wineries, and thus not very widespread in shops and restaurants....

  • Bordo/Ives Noir
  • Bouchalès
  • Bovale
    Bovale
    Bovale is a name attributed to two Italian wine grape varieties that likely share a clonal relationship with both possibly even being clones of the Spanish wine grape Bobal. The most widely planted clone is the Bovale Grande which has larger berries and the Bovale Sardo which has slightly smaller...

  • Borgonja Crna
  • Brachetto
    Brachetto
    Brachetto is a red Italian wine grape variety grown predominantly in the Piedmont region of northwest Italy. At one time the grape was thought to be related to the French wine grape Braquet, but recent thought among ampelographers is that the two are distinct varieties...

     or Braquet
    Braquet
    Braquet is a red French wine grape variety grown predominantly in the Provence region of southeastern France, particularly in the Bellet Appellation d'origine contrôlée where it is used to make blend and varietal still and rosé wine. Also known as Brachet, the vine produces naturally low yields...

  • Brancellao
  • Brown Muscat
  • Brun Fourca
    Brun Fourca
    Brun Fourca is a red French wine grape variety that once grew widely throughout Provence and Southwest France but is now limited to small plantings within the Palette Appellation d'Origine Contrôlée .-Synonyms:...

  • Bual
    Bual
    Boal is a name given to several varieties of grape cultivated in Portugal, notably in the production of medium-rich fortified wines from Madeira Island. On many wine labels of Madeira wine, the variety's name is anglicized as Bual. Madeira from Bual is typically less sweet than that from Malmsey,...

     / Boal
    Boal
    Boal is a municipality, a civil parish and a town in the Autonomous Community of the Principality of Asturias . It borders north with El Franco and Coaña, south with Illano, west with Castropol and east with Villayón....

  • Cabernet Franc
    Cabernet Franc
    Cabernet Franc is one of the major black grape varieties worldwide. It is principally grown for blending with Cabernet Sauvignon and Merlot in the Bordeaux style, but can also be vinified alone - as in the Loire's Chinon...

  • Cabernet Sauvignon
    Cabernet Sauvignon
    Cabernet Sauvignon is one of the world's most widely recognized red wine grape varieties. It is grown in nearly every major wine producing country among a diverse spectrum of climates from Canada's Okanagan Valley to Lebanon's Beqaa Valley...

  • Cabernet Severny
  • Caddiu
  • Cagnulari
  • Caiño Tinto
    Caiño Tinto
    Caiño Tinto is a red Galician wine grape variety that is also grown in Portugal's Vinho Verde wine region where it is known as Borraçal...

  • Caladoc
    Caladoc
    Caladoc is a red French wine grape variety planted primarily in the southern wine regions such as the Languedoc. The grape is a crossing of Grenache and Malbec created by Paul Truel in 1958 at Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique ....

  • Calitor
    Calitor
    Calitor or Calitor Noir is a red French wine grape variety. It was previously widely cultivated in southern France, in particular in Provence, but is now very rare, almost extinct. Calitor gives high yields and produces an elegant, light and lightly colored wine. When grown on hillside sites, it...

  • Callet
  • Caloria
  • Canaiolo
    Canaiolo
    Canaiolo is a red Italian wine grape grown through Central Italy but is most noted in Tuscany. Other regions with plantings of Canaiolo include Lazio, Marche and Sardegna. In Umbria a white berried mutation known as Canaiolo Bianco exist...

  • Canina nera
  • Caricagiola
  • Carignan / Carignane
    Carignane
    Carignan is a red wine grape that may have originated in Cariñena, Aragon and was later transplanted to Sardinia, elsewhere in Italy, France, Algeria, and much of the New World. Along with Aramon, it was once considered one of the main grapes responsible for France's wine lake. In California, the...

     / Cariñena / Carignano
    Carignano
    Carignano is a comune in the Province of Turin in the Italian region Piedmont, located about 20 km south of Turin. As of 31 December 2004, it had a population of 8,777 and an area of 50.2 km².-Geography:...

     /Mazuelo
  • Carménère
    Carmenère
    The Carménère grape is a wine grape variety originally planted in the Médoc region of Bordeaux, France, where it was used to produce deep red wines and occasionally used for blending purposes in the same manner as Petit Verdot....

  • Carmine
  • Carnelian
  • Castelão / Periquita
    Periquita
    Periquita , also known as Castelão and João de Santarém, is a red wine grape found primarily in the south coastal regions but is grown all over Portugal and is sometimes used in Port wine production. The name is derived from the Portuguese term for parakeet. The vine thrives in sandy soils but is...

  • Castets
    Castets (grape)
    Castets is a red French wine grape variety that was historical grown in the Aveyron region of France. While some plantings exist in Southwest France, the variety's numbers are dwindling and is now nearly extinct.-Synonyms:...

  • Castiglione
  • Catanese
  • Centurian
  • Cesanese
  • Cesar
    César (grape)
    César is an ancient red wine grape from northern Burgundy. It makes dark, tannic wines that are softened by blending with Pinot Noir and sometimes by carbonic maceration...

  • Charbono
    Charbono
    Charbono or Corbeau or Bonarda is a grape variety from the Savoie region of France. It is the second most commonly grown variety in Argentina, where it is known as Bonarda . It is also found in California...

  • Cienna
    Cienna
    Cienna is red Australian wine grape variety first bred in 2000. It is a mix between the Spanish wine grape Sumoll and Cabernet Sauvignon grape. This grape was initially created in 1972 by CSIRO. They aim was to produce high quality grapes suited for Australian conditions....

  • Ciliegiolo
    Ciliegiolo
    Ciliegiolo is a variety of red wine grape from Italy, named after the Italian for 'cherry'. It is a minor component of traditional blends such as Chianti, but interest has revived in recent years...

  • Cinsaut
    Cinsaut
    Cinsaut or Cinsault is a red wine grape, whose heat tolerance and productivity make it important in Languedoc-Roussillon and the former French colonies of Algeria and Morocco...

     / Cinsault/ Ottavianello
  • Colorino
    Colorino
    Colorino is a red Italian wine grape variety planted primarily in Tuscany. The grape is known for its deep dark coloring and is used primarily as a coloring agent in red blends. In the history of Chianti it played a minor role, mostly for its affinity and use to the governo winemaking technique...

  • Complexa
    Complexa
    Complexa is red Portuguese wine grape used in the production of Madeira. The grape was created as a crossing of Castelao, Muscat Hamburg and Tintinha in the 1960s. The grape provides a deep color with less tannins than the commonly used Tinta Negra Mole....

  • Cornalin
  • Cornifesto
    Cornifesto
    Cornifesto is a red Portuguese wine grape variety that is used in the production of Port. In Port production it is considered a minor grape that is usually used to make lighter bodied wines.-Synonyms:...

  • Corvina
    Corvina
    Corvina is an Italian wine grape variety that is sometimes also referred to as Corvina Veronese or Cruina or it is mainly known in Europe as"Cassabria". It is mainly grown in the Veneto region of northeast Italy. Corvina is used with several other grapes to create the light red regional wines...

     / Corvinone
  • Counoise
    Counoise
    Counoise is a dark-skinned wine grape grown primarily in the Rhône valley region of France. Counoise adds a peppery note and good acidity to a blended red wine, but does not have much depth of colour or tannin. There were of Counoise in France in 2000....

  • Croatina
    Croatina
    Croatina is a red Italian wine grape variety that is grown primarily in the Oltrepò Pavese region of Lombardy and in the Province of Piacenza within Emilia Romagna, but also in parts of Piedmont and the Veneto. In the Oltrepò Pavese, in the hills of Piacenza, in Cisterna d’Asti and San Damiano...

  • Darkenuša
  • Dobričić
    Dobricic
    Dobričić is an ancient red wine grape variety from the island of Šolta off the Dalmatian coast in Croatia. It is one parent of the Plavac Mali red wine grape variety; the other one is Zinfandel, a grape variety also known as Crljenak Kaštelanski in Croatia, from where it originates....

  • Dolcetto
    Dolcetto
    Dolcetto is a black wine grape variety widely grown in the Piedmont region of northwest Italy. The Italian word dolcetto means "little sweet one", but it is not certain that the name originally carried any reference to the grape’s sugar levels: it is possible that it derives from the name of the...

  • Domina
    Domina (grape)
    Domina is a dark-skinned variety of grape used for red wine. It was created by Germanviticulturalist Peter Morio at the Geilweilerhof Institute for Grape Breeding in the Palatinate in 1927 by crossing the varieties Blauer Portugieser and Pinot Noir .Work on the variety was the continued by Bernhard...

  • Dornfelder
    Dornfelder
    Dornfelder is a dark-skinned variety of grape of German origin used for red wine. It was created by August Herold at the grape breeding institute in Weinsberg in the Württemberg region in 1955. Herold crossed the grape varieties Helfensteiner and Heroldrebe, the latter which bears his name, to...

  • Dunkelfelder
    Dunkelfelder
    Dunkelfelder is a dark-skinned variety of grape used for red wine. It was created by Germanviticulturalist Gustav Adolf Froelich . He probably crossed Färbertraube with Blauer Portugieser...

  • Duras
    Duras (grape)
    Duras is a traditional French variety of red wine grape that is mostly grown around the Tarn River, northeast of Toulouse. It is usually blended with other traditional varieties, but production has been declining in recent years....

  • Durif
    Durif
    Durif is a variety of red wine grape primarily grown in California, Australia, France, and Israel. Since the end of the 20th century, wineries located in Washington's Yakima River Valley, Maryland, Arizona, West Virginia, Chile, Mexico's Baja Peninsula, and Ontario's Niagara Peninsula have also...

     / Petite Sirah
  • Espadeiro
    Espadeiro
    Espadeiro is a red Portuguese wine grape planted primarily in the Minho region for making Vinho Verde. It is also grown across the border, in Spain, in Galicia where it is used to make light bodied wines....

  • Étraire
  • Fer
    Fer
    Fer is a red French wine grape variety that is grown primarily in South West France and is most notable for its role in the Appellation d'Origine Contrôlée wines of Gaillac, Marcillac and Béarn but can also be found as minor component in the wines of Madiran, Cabardès and Bergerac...

  • Ferrón
    Ferron
    Ferron, born Debby Foisy on , is a Canadian folk singer/songwriter and poet. In addition to being one of Canada's most famous folk musicians, she is one of the most influential writers and performers of women's music, and an important influence on later musicians such as Ani DiFranco, Mary Gauthier...

  • Fetească Neagră
    Feteasca Neagra
    Fetească Neagră ; ) is an old pre-phylloxeric variety of Romanian - Moldovan grape, cultivated mainly in several areas in the Romanian regions of Moldavia and Muntenia and also in the Republic of Moldova....

  • Forcayat/Forcallat
  • Fortana
    Fortana
    Fortana is a red Italian wine grape variety grown primarily in the Emilia–Romagna region of northern Italy. A permitted grape variety in several Denominazione di origine controllatas , mostly in Emilia, Fortana mostly contributes tartness and acidity in red blends.-Synonyms:Synonyms describing...

  • Frappato
    Frappato
    Frappato di Vittoria or Frappato is a red Italian wine grape variety planted primarily in Sicily. As a varietal, Frappato produces light bodied wines with a distinct grapey aroma...

  • Freisa
    Freisa
    Freisa is a red Italian wine grape variety grown in the Piedmont region of north-west Italy, primarily in Monferrato and in the Langhe, but also further north in the provinces of Turin and Biella. Freisa is a vigorous and productive vine whose round, blue-black grapes are harvested in early...

  • Frühroter Veltliner
    Frühroter Veltliner
    Frühroter Veltliner is a variety of early-ripening, red-skinned white wine grape grown primarily in the Weinviertel district of Lower Austria. It accounts for 1.3% of total Austrian vineyards and is diminishing....

  • Fumin
    Fumin (grape)
    Fumin is a red Italian wine grape variety that is grown primarily in the Valle d'Aosta region of northwest Italy. According to wine expert Jancis Robinson, the grape is "tough" and used primarily as a blending grape in the Denominazione di origine controllatas of the region....

  • Gaglioppo
    Gaglioppo
    Gaglioppo is a red wine grape that is grown in southern Italy, primarily around Calabria. The vine performs well in drought conditions but is susceptible to oidium and peronospera. The grape produces wine that is full-bodied, high in alcohol and tannins with a need for considerable time in the...

  • Gamashara
  • Gamay
    Gamay
    Gamay is a purple-colored grape variety used to make red wines, most notably grown in Beaujolais and in the Loire Valley around Tours. Its full name is Gamay Noir à Jus Blanc. It is a very old cultivar, mentioned as long ago as the 15th century...

     / Gamay Noir
  • Gamaret
    Gamaret
    Gamaret is a variety of red wine grape. It was created by André Jaquinet at Station Fédérale de Recherches en Production Végétale de Changins in 1970 by crossing Gamay and Reichensteiner...

  • Garanoir
    Garanoir
    Garanoir is a variety of red wine grape. It was created by André Jaquinet and Dominique Maigre at Station Fédérale de Recheres en Production Végétale de Changins in 1970 by crossing Gamay and Reichensteiner...


  • Garnatxa / Grenache
    Grenache
    Grenache is one of the most widely planted red wine grape varieties in the world. It ripens late, so it needs hot, dry conditions such as those found in Spain, the south of France, and California's San Joaquin Valley. It is generally spicy, berry-flavored and soft on the palate with a relatively...

     / Garnacha
    Grenache
    Grenache is one of the most widely planted red wine grape varieties in the world. It ripens late, so it needs hot, dry conditions such as those found in Spain, the south of France, and California's San Joaquin Valley. It is generally spicy, berry-flavored and soft on the palate with a relatively...

     / Cannonau
  • Garrut
  • Girò
    Girò
    Girò is a red Italian wine grape variety that is grown on Sardinia and used mostly in the production of fortified wines. Wine historians and ampelographers have speculated that the grape has Spanish origins and may have been brought to Sardinia in the 15th century.-Synonyms:Various synonyms have...

  • Graciano
    Graciano
    Graciano is a Spanish red wine grape that is grown primarily in Rioja. The vine produces a low yield that are normally harvested in late October. The wine produces is characterized by its deep red color, strong aroma and ability to age well...

    / Moristel
    Moristel
    Moristel is a minor Spanish red grape variety. It is mainly found in the autonomous region of Aragon and is one of the authorized varieties of the Somontano Denominación de Origen . It has medium sized, compact bunches with medium sized, cylindical shaped, berries with a blue hue...

  • Grand Noir de la Calmette
    Grand Noir de la Calmette
    Grand Noir de la Calmette is a red wine hybrid grape created by Henri Bouschet as a cross between Aramon and Petit Bouschet. The grape was named after the breeding station it was developed at, Domaine de la Calmette. The grape acts as a teinturier in adding color to wines that it is blended into...

  • Gran Negro / Grão Negro
  • Greco Nero
  • Grignolino
    Grignolino
    Grignolino is a red Italian wine grape variety commonly grown in the Piedmont region. It makes light colored wines and rosés with very fruity aromas, strong acidity and tannins. The name Grignolino derives from the word grignole which means "many pips" in the local Piedmontese dialect of the Asti...

  • Gropello
    Gropello
    Gropello is a red Italian wine grape variety planted primarily in the Lombardy region....

  • Grolleau
    Grolleau (grape)
    Grolleau or Grolleau Noir is a red French wine grape variety grown primarily in the Loire Valley of France. The name is derived from the French word grolle, meaning "crow" and is said to reflect the deep black berries of the Grolleau vine...

     / Groslot
  • Gros Verdot
    Gros Verdot
    Gros Verdot is a red wine grape that originated in the Gironde region of France. Despite the similar name, ampelographers believe there is no relation between this grape and Petit Verdot....

  • Guarnaccia
  • Helfensteiner
    Helfensteiner
    Helfensteiner is a dark-skinned German wine grape crossing of the species Vitis vinifera, that was created in 1931 with the crossing of Frühburgunder and Trollinger...

  • Heroldrebe
    Heroldrebe
    Heroldrebe is a red German wine grape variety produced by crossing Blauer Portugieser and Lemberger. It was created by August Herold at the grape breeding institute in Weinsberg in the Württemberg region in 1929, and was named after him....

  • Hondarrabi Beltza
  • Humagne Rouge
  • Jaén
  • Joubertin
    Joubertin
    Joubertin is a red French wine grape variety that was historically grown in the Savoie wine region of southeast France. The grape was once prized for its productivity and high yields but its plantings have declined as the grape has fallen out of favor and it is now on the verge of...

     / Jaubertin
  • Juan Garcia
    Juan García (grape)
    Juan García is a minor Spanish red grape variety. It is found mainly in the provinces of Zamora and Salamanca and in the autonomous region of Galicia. It is an authorized variety in the Arribes Denominación de Origen .-Synonyms:...

  • Juan Ibáñez / Miguel del Arco
  • Jurancon noir
  • Kadarka
    Kadarka
    Kadarka or Gamza is a dark-skinned variety of grape used for red wine. It has a long history and is popular in Hungary and Bulgaria, where it is known as гъмза Gamza. It used to be an important constituent of the Hungarian red cuvée Bull's Blood of Eger or Szekszárd, but has long been in decline in...

  • Kalecik Karasi
    Kalecik Karasi
    Kalecik Karası is a Turkish grape variety and a Turkish wine produced from this grape. This grape and wine are called by the name of area, the Kalecik district of Ankara Province, Turkey....

  • Kékoporto / Kékoportó
  • Kotsifali
    Kotsifali
    Kotsifali is a red Greek wine grape thatis indigenous to the island of Crete. It is mainly grown in the Heraklion Prefectureand sporadically on the Cyclades. The grape alone gives moderately red wine with high...

  • Kratosija
    Kratosija
    Kratosija is a red wine grape variety grown in the Tikveš wine-growing region of The Republic of Macedonia. This wine is characterized by an intense ruby-red color and aroma of red berry fruits....

  • Lacrima di Morro / Lacrima Nera
  • Lagrein
    Lagrein
    - External links :* from lagrein.it...

  • Lambrusco
    Lambrusco
    Lambrusco is the name of both a red wine grape and an Italian wine made principally from the grape. The grapes and the wine originate from four zones in Emilia-Romagna and one in Lombardy, principally around the central provinces of Modena, Parma, Reggio nell'Emilia, and Mantua...

  • Liatiko
    Liatiko
    Liatiko is a red Greek wine grape variety that is grown on the island of Crete. While the name suggest a relationship with the Italian variety Aleatico, ampelographers currently discount a connection...

  • Limnio
    Limnio
    Limnio is a red Greek wine grape variety that is indigenous to the Greek island of Lemnos. The grape has had a long history of wine production that may extend back to Ancient Greece with wine historians widely believing it was the grape variety, Lemnia, that was described by Aristotle as producing...

  • Listan Negro
  • Lladoner Pelut / Lledoner Pelut
  • Madrasa
    Madrasa (grape)
    Madrasa is a pink-skinned red grape variety cultivated in the southern Caucasus at least since the nineteenth century , in particular in Azerbaijan and Armenia, as well as several Central Asia countries...

  • Magaratch Bastardo
  • Magaratch Ruby
    Magaratch Ruby
    Magarach Ruby or Rubinovyi Magarcha is a red Crimean wine grape variety that is a crossing of Cabernet Sauvignon and Saperavi. The crossing was carried out at the Magarach viticultural institute at Yalta, Crimea in 1928 in what was then the Soviet Union....

     / Magarach Ruby
  • Magliocco / Magliocco Canino
    Magliocco Canino
    Magliocco Canino is a red Italian wine grape variety that is predominately grown in the Calabria region of southern Italy. It is often used as a blending grape, often with Gaglioppo of which the varieties are often confused...

  • Maiolica
  • Malbec
    Malbec
    Malbec is a purple grape variety used in making red wine. The grapes tend to have an inky dark color and robust tannins, and are long known as one of the six grapes allowed in the blend of red Bordeaux wine. The French plantations of Malbec are now found primarily in Cahors in the South West...

     / Auxerrois / Cot
  • Malvasia di Schierano
  • Malvasia Nera
  • Mammolo
    Mammolo
    Mammolo is a red Italian wine grape that is planted primarily in Tuscany. While its use has been diminishing, Mammolo was historically included in the blended Sangiovese-based wines of Chianti where it contributed a distinctive violet or mammole aroma...

  • Mandelaria / Mandelari
  • Mandolari
  • Mantonegro
  • Mara
    Mara
    -Social groups:*Mara people, in northeastern India and western Myanmar* Mara language, a language spoken by Mara people*Mara Salvatrucha, a violent criminal gang in Mexico, Central America, Canada, and the United States...

  • Maratheftiko
    Maratheftiko
    Maratheftiko is an ancient grape variety indigenous to Cyprus. It is also known locally as Vambakadha , Vambakina , Pampakia , Mavrospourtiko , Aloupostaphylo ....

  • Marselan
    Marselan
    Marselan is a French wine grape that is a cross between Cabernet Sauvignon and Grenache. It was first bred in 1961 near the French town of Marseillan. The vine is grown mostly in the Languedoc region with some plantings on Northern Coast of California. The grape produces a medium body red wine....

  • Marsigliana
  • Marzemino
    Marzemino
    Marzemino is a red Italian wine grape that is primarily grown around Isera, south of Trentino. The wine is most noted for its mention in the opera Don Giovanni of Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart . The vine ripens late and is susceptible to many grape diseases including oidium...

  • Matrassa
  • Mavro
    Mavro
    Mavro is an indigenous red grape cultivated on the island of Cyprus. The grape takes its name from its dark colour. The Italian ampelographer, Count Giuseppe di Rovasenda refers to it in 1877 as Cipro Nero ....

  • Mavrodafni
    Mavrodafni
    Mavrodafni is both a black wine grape indigenous to the Achaia region in Northern Peloponnese, Greece, and the sweet, fortified wine produced from it.-Winemaking:...

    / Mavrodaphne
  • Mavrud
    Mavrud
    Mavrud is a red wine grape that is used as both a blending grape and for varietal wines, indigenous to the region of Thrace in Bulgaria.The grape has been described as a characterful, low-yielding, small-berried and late-ripening grape capable of producing tannic, spicy wine with a potential for...

     / Mavroudi
  • Mayorquin
  • Melnik
  • Mencia
    Mencia
    Mencía is a Spanish grape variety primarily found in the northwestern part of the country. It is planted on over , and it is primarily found in the Bierzo, Ribeira Sacra and Valdeorras regions....

    / Jaen
  • Merenzao
  • Merille
    Merille
    Merille is a red French wine grape variety that is grown primarily in the Garonne of South West France. It is a common grape in table wine....

  • Merlot
    Merlot
    Merlot is a darkly blue-coloured wine grape, that is used as both a blending grape and for varietal wines. The name Merlot is thought to derive from the Old French word for young blackbird, merlot, a diminutive of merle, the blackbird , probably from the color of the grape. Merlot-based wines...

  • Milgranet
    Milgranet
    Milgranet is a red French wine grape variety that is predominantly grown in the Toulouse region of South West France. In addition to the red skin variety, there exist a rarer white skin clone known as Milgranet blanc that is often not seen in wine production...

  • Millot
  • Mission
    Mission (grape)
    Mission grapes are a variety of Vitis vinifera introduced from Spain to the western coasts of North and South America in the 16th century by Catholic New World missionaries for use in making sacramental, table, and fortified wines.-History:...

  • Molinara
    Molinara (grape)
    Molinara is a red Italian wine grape grown primarily in the Veneto region of north eastern Italy. It adds acidity to the blends Valpolicella and Bardolino made with Corvina and Rondinella. The wine's high propensity for oxidation, coupled with its low color extract, has caused a decline in favor...

  • Mondeuse
  • Monica
    Monica (grape)
    Monica is a red wine grape that is grown primarily in Sardinia and is one of the few grapes that wine regulations allow to appear on the wine label. The vine originated in Spain but is rarely grown there in recent times. The wine made from these grapes tends to be simple wines made to be consumed...

  • Montepulciano
    Montepulciano (grape)
    Montepulciano is a red Italian wine grape variety that is most noted for being the primary grape behind the Denominazione di Origine Controllata e Garantita wine Montepulciano d'Abruzzo Colline Teramane and the Denominazione di origine controllata wines of Rosso Conero and Rosso Piceno.It should...

  • Montù
    Mõntu
    Mõntu is a village in Torgu Parish, Saare County in western Estonia....

     / Montuni
  • Moravia
  • Moreto
    Moreto
    Moreto is a red Portuguese wine grape variety that is planted primarily in the Alentejo. As a varietal, the grape makes neutral wines.-Synonyms:...

  • Moristel
    Moristel
    Moristel is a minor Spanish red grape variety. It is mainly found in the autonomous region of Aragon and is one of the authorized varieties of the Somontano Denominación de Origen . It has medium sized, compact bunches with medium sized, cylindical shaped, berries with a blue hue...

  • Mourisco Tinto
    Mourisco Tinto
    Marufo or Mourisco Tinto is a red Portuguese wine grape that is planted primarily in the Douro DOC. It is a recommended grape in Port wine production.-Synonyms:...

  • Mourvèdre
    Mourvèdre
    Mourvèdre , Mataró or Monastrell is wine grape variety used to make both strong, dark red wines and rosés. It is an international variety grown in many regions around the world....

     / Monastrell / Mataro
  • Mouyssaguès
  • Mujuretuli
    Mujuretuli
    Mujuretuli is a red wine grape grown in Georgia. It is also known as Mudzhuretuli, Mudshuretuli and Keduretuli.-History:The Georgians claim it as one of their national varieties but it's found in Russia and Ukraine as well.-Distribution and Wines:...

  • Muscardin
    Muscardin
    Muscardin is a dark-skinned grape variety primarily found in the southern part of the Rhône region. It is primarily noted for being one of the thirteen grape varieties permitted in the Châteauneuf-du-Pape appellation...

  • Muscat Hamburg
  • Nebbiolo
  • Negoska
  • Négrette
    Négrette
    Négrette is a dark red wine grape grown primarily in South West France in the region between Albi and Toulouse. It is a direct descendant of Mavro rootstock, a grape variety cultivated extensively on the island of Cyprus.-Wine regions:...

  • Negroamaro
    Negroamaro
    Negroamaro, also Negro amaro, is a red wine grape variety native to southern Italy. It is grown almost exclusively in Puglia and particularly in Salento, the peninsula which can be visualised as the “heel” of Italy. The grape can produce wines very deep in color. Wines made from Negroamaro tend to...

  • Negru de Dragasani
  • Nero Buono di Coro
  • Nero d'Avola
    Nero d'Avola
    Nero d'Avola is "the most important red wine grape in Sicily" and is one of Italy's most important indigenous varieties. It is named after Avola in the far south of Sicily and its wines are compared to New World Shirazes, with sweet tannins and plum or peppery flavours...

  • Nerello Cappuccio
  • Nerello Mascalese
  • Neretto di Bairo
  • Neyret
  • Nielluccio
    Nielluccio
    Nielluccio is a red French wine grape variety that is widely planted on Corsica. It is the principal grape variety used in the production of the Appellation d'Origine Contrôlée AOC red wine Patrimonio, where it must by law make up 95% of the blend. An early budding vine, Nielluccio produces wines...

  • Nincusa
  • Nocera
  • Notardomenico
  • Ojaleshi
  • Okuzgozu
    Öküzgözü
    Öküzgözü is a Turkish grape variety and Turkish wine produced from this grape. The grape is one of the two native grape varieties of Elazığ province , located on the Anatolian plateau at the north of the Taurus Mountains...

  • Olivella nera
  • Oseleta
  • Pais
    Pais
    Pais is a red wine grape that has played a prominent role in the Chilean wine industry. Up until the turn of the 21st century, it was Chile's most planted variety until it was overtaken by Cabernet Sauvignon. Today it is most commonly used in the creation of jug wine in the Bío-Bío, Maule and Itata...

  • Pamid
    Pamid
    Pamid is an old grape variety used for red wine. It has been cultivated in Bulgaria since the times of the ancient Thracians. In the past, it was the most widely spread Bulgarian variety, but today its plantations are highly limited. Pamid is also cultivated in Yugoslavia, Albania, Turkey, Greece,...

  • Parana
  • Pascale di Cagliari
  • Pelaverga
    Pelaverga
    Pelaverga is a red wine grape variety native to Piedmont. It is described as rare and pale, prone to make lightly sparkling, strawberry-flavoured wines.It may also be used as a table grape.-Synonyms:...


  • Peloursin
    Peloursin
    Peloursin is wine grape best known for its crossing with Syrah to make the red wine grape Durif.The grape is believed to have originated in Isère from the northern Rhône-Alpes region. Today it can be found in some quantities in California and Victoria, Australia....

  • Perdal
  • Perricone
  • Persan
  • Petit Rouge
    Petit Rouge
    Petit Rouge is a red Italian wine grape variety that ampelographers believe is indigenous to the Valle d'Aosta region of northwest Italy. However, there is some confusion about whether Petit Rouge is the same variety as the red Swiss wine grape Rouge de Valais....

  • Petit Verdot
    Petit verdot
    Petit Verdot is a variety of red wine grape, principally used in classic Bordeaux blends. It ripens much later than the other varieties in Bordeaux, often too late, so it fell out of favour in its home region. When it does ripen, it is added in small amounts to add tannin, colour and flavour to the...

  • Picpoul Noir
  • Piedirosso
    Piedirosso
    Piedirosso is a red Italian wine grape variety that is planted primarily in the Campania region. The grape is considered a specialty of the region, being used to produce wines for local and tourist consumption. Its name "piedirosso" means "red feet" that reflects the bottom of the vine which used...

  • Pignerol
  • Pignola Valtellinese
  • Pignolo
  • Pineau d'Aunis
    Pineau d'Aunis
    Pineau d'Aunis, also known as Chenin noir is a red wine grape variety that is grown primarily in the Loire Valley around Anjou and Touraine. A favorite of Henry Plantagenet, wine made from the grape was first exported to England in the thirteenth century. Today the grape is blended with the white...

  • Pinot Meunier
    Pinot meunier
    Pinot Meunier, , also known as Meunier or Black Riesling, is a variety of black wine grape most noted for being one of the three main grapes used in the production of champagne...

     / Schwarzriesling / Müllerebe
  • Pinot Noir
    Pinot Noir
    Pinot noir is a black wine grape variety of the species Vitis vinifera. The name may also refer to wines created predominantly from Pinot noir grapes...

     / Spätburgunder / Blauburgunder / Pinot Nero
  • Pinotage
    Pinotage
    Pinotage is a red wine grape that is South Africa's signature variety. It was bred there in 1925 as a cross between Pinot noir and Cinsaut...

  • Pinot St. George
  • Plassa
  • Plavac Mali
    Plavac Mali
    Plavac Mali, a cross between ancestral Zinfandel and Dobričić grapes, is the primary red wine grape grown along the Dalmatian coast of Croatia...

  • Plavina
  • Pollera Nera
  • Portan
    Portan
    Portan is a red French wine grape that is planted primarily in the Languedoc. The grape is a crossing of Grenache and Portugais, being breed with the aim of ripening more reliably than Grenache....

  • Portugieser
  • Poulsard
    Poulsard
    Poulsard is a red French wine grape variety from the Jura wine region. The name Ploussard is used mainly around the town of Pupillin but can appear on wine labels throughout Jura as an authorized synonyms...

    / Plousard
  • Prieto Picudo
    Prieto Picudo
    Prieto Picudo is a red wine grape that is grown primarily in Spain. It is a grape of Valdevimbre, in León, Spain. Valdevimbre is an international place of wines. The Prieto Picudo is sometimes blended with the grape Mencia and as a varietal it produces wine with similar characteristics to...

  • Primitivo
  • Prokupac
    Prokupac
    Prokupac is a red Serbian wine grape that is often used to produce darkly colored rosé. The grape is noted for the high sugar levels it can achieve prior to harvest and the high levels of alcohol it can produce following fermentation.-Synonyms:...

  • Provechon
  • Raboso
    Raboso
    Raboso is a red wine grape grown primarily in northeastern Italy around Veneto. It produces deep-colored wine, with notably high levels of tannin but low alcohol content. The vine ripens late, producing good yields with high resistance to fungal disease and rot....

  • Ramisco
    Ramisco
    Ramisco is a red Portuguese wine grape variety that is planted primarily in the Colares DOC. As a varietal Ramisco produces very tannic and astringent wines....

  • Refosco
    Refosco
    Refosco is a very old Italian family of dark-skinned grape varieties native to the northern Italian areas of Friuli, Gavi, Trentino, Istria, and Karst Plateau. It is considered autochthonous in these regions....

     / Refošk
  • Roesler
    Roesler
    Roesler is a red Austrian wine grape developed in 1970 by Dr. Gertraud Mayer at Höhere Bundeslehranstalt und das Bundesamt für Wein- und Obstbau in Klosterneuburg, Austria. It is the result of a crossing Zweigelt x and is named after the former director of Austria's oldest viticultural college,...

  • Rondinella
    Rondinella
    Rondinella is an Italian wine grape mainly grown in the Veneto region of Italy and used in wines such as Valpolicella and Bardolino. It is often blended Corvina, whom DNA evidence has shown is a parent variety, and Molinara. The grape has rather neutral flavors but is favored by growers due to its...

  • Rossese
    Rossese
    Rossese is a red Italian wine grape variety that is planted primarily in Liguria. The wines produced from Rossese are a local specialty found around Dolceacqua.-Synonyms:...

  • Rossignola
  • Rossola Nera
  • Rotberger
    Rotberger
    Rotberger is a wine grape variety. Its parentage is not known with certainty but it is thought to be from a cross of Trollinger and Riesling grapes). Dr. Heinrich Birk produced the cross at the Geisenheim Grape Breeding Institute in 1928. It is used to produce fruity, early maturing light red...

  • Rouchet/ Ruché
    Ruché
    Ruché is a red Italian wine grape variety from the Piedmont region. It is largely used in making Ruché di Castagnole Monferrato, a small production red varietal wine which was granted Denominazione di Origine Controllata status by presidential decree on October 22, 1987...

     / Roche
  • Rubired
  • Ruby Cabernet
    Ruby Cabernet
    Ruby Cabernet is a red Olmo grape variety that is a cross between Cabernet Sauvignon and Carignan, it can produce wines with good colour and a pleasant cherry flavour, but is mostly blended into bulk wines....

  • Rufete / Tinta Pinheira / Tinta Carvalha / Rufeta
  • Sagrantino
    Sagrantino
    Sagrantino is an Italian grape variety that is indigenous to the region of Umbria in Central Italy. It is grown primarily in the village of Montefalco and its surrounding areas, with only dedicated to the grape in the hands of about 25 producers. With such small production, the wine is not widely...

  • Sangiovese
    Sangiovese
    Sangiovese is a red Italian wine grape variety whose name derives from the Latin sanguis Jovis, "the blood of Jove"...

  • Saperavi
    Saperavi
    Saperavi is an acidic, teinturier-type grape variety native to Georgia, where it is used to make many of the region's distinctive wines, along with the Alexandreuli and Rkastiteli varieties. Leaves are 3-lobed, large, and roundish...

  • Schiava / Trollinger
    Trollinger
    Trollinger is a light-red, late-maturing wine grape variety that was originally cultivated in the wine regions of South Tyrol and Trentino.It probably reached the southern regions of Germany during Roman times...

  • Schioppettino
    Schioppettino
    Schiopettino is a red Italian wine grape grown predominately in the Friuli-Venezia Giulia region of northeast Italy. The grape is believed to have originated between the comune of Prepotto and the Slovenian border where records of the Schiopettino wine being used in marriage ceremonies date to 1282...

  • Schönburger
    Schönburger
    Schönburger, also spelled Schoenburger, or Schonburger is a variety of grape, formally designated Geisenheim 15-114, a crossing developed at Geisenheim Institute for Grape Breeding in Germany, and released in 1979, of Pinot Noir x .It is grown now in Germany, as well as in England where it is...

  • Sciacarello
    Sciacarello
    Sciacarello is a red wine grape that is grown primarily in Corsica. It is most noted for the wines that come from Ajaccio which tends to be highly perfumed. The grape is normally blended and rarely made into a varietal wine....

  • Sciascinoso
  • Segalin
    Segalin
    Ségalin is a red French wine grape variety that is a crossing of Jurançon Noir and Portugais. As a varietal, Ségalin has the potential to produce well structured wines.Ségalin has no synonyms....

     / Ségalin
    Segalin
    Ségalin is a red French wine grape variety that is a crossing of Jurançon Noir and Portugais. As a varietal, Ségalin has the potential to produce well structured wines.Ségalin has no synonyms....

  • Servanin
  • Sgaretta
  • Shiraz
    Shiraz grape
    Syrah or Shiraz is a dark-skinned grape grown throughout the world and used primarily to produce powerful red wines. Whether sold as Syrah or Shiraz, these wines enjoy great popularity.Syrah is used as a varietal and is also blended...

     / Syrah
  • Shiroka Melnishka Losa
    Shiroka Melnishka Losa
    Siroka Melniska, , often called Melnik , is a red Bulgarian wine grape variety. It is planted primarily near the Greek border. In Bulgarian the grape's name means "broad leaved vine of Melnik". As a varietal, Siroka Melniska has an affinity for oak which can produce pronounced tobacco notes...

     / Melnik
  • Sousão
  • Sousón
  • St. Laurent
    St. Laurent (grape)
    St. Laurent is a highly aromatic dark-skinned wine grape variety of the same family as Pinot Noir, originating in France....

     / Svatovavrinecke
  • St-Macaire
  • Sumoll
  • Susumaiello
  • Taminga
  • Tannat
    Tannat
    Tannat is a red wine grape, historically grown in South West France in the Madiran AOC and is now one of the most prominent grapes in Uruguay, where it is considered the "national grape". It is also grown in Argentina, Australia, Brazil, Peru, and in Italy's Puglia region where it is used as a...

  • Tarrango
    Tarrango
    Tarrango is a red grape variety used in Australian wine production. This slow-ripening grape was created in 1965 by the CSIRO Horticultural Research Station at Merbein in Victoria, Australia, as a hybrid of Touriga Nacional and Sultana in order to create wines of good acidity, but low in tannin....

  • Tazzelenghe
    Tazzelenghe
    Tazzelenghe is a red Italian wine grape variety from the Friuli-Venezia Giulia region of northeast Italy. The grape is predominantly found in the Colli Orientali del Friuli Denominazione di origine controllata...

  • Tempranillo
    Tempranillo
    Tempranillo is a variety of black grape widely grown to make full-bodied red wines in its native Spain. It is the main grape used in Rioja, and is often referred to as Spain's "noble grape". Its name is the diminutive of the Spanish temprano , a reference to the fact that it ripens several weeks...

     / Tinta Roriz / Ull de Llebre / Cencibel / Tinta del Pais
  • Teroldego
    Teroldego
    Teroldego is a red Italian grape variety grown primarily in the northeastern region of Trentino-Alto Adige/Südtirol, Italy.-Description:Wine has been produced since ancient times in "Campo Rotaliano", an alluvial plain between the rivers Adige and Noce...

     / Teroldego Rotaliano
  • Terret Noir
    Terret Noir
    Terret Noir is a dark-skinned wine grape grown primarily in the Rhône valley region of France. It is a permitted blending grape for Châteauneuf-du-Pape. Like the related Terret Gris and Terret Blanc, the vine tends to bud late and grow vigorously. Terret Noir produces a light color wine that is...

  • Thiniatiko
  • Tibouren
    Tibouren
    Tibouren is a red French wine grape variety that is primarily grown in Provence but originated in Greece and possibly even the Middle East. Intensely aromatic, with an earthy bouquet that wine expert Jancis Robinson describes as garrigue, Tibouren is often used in the production of rosés.While the...

  • Tinta Amarela
    Tinta Amarela
    Tinta Amarela is a red wine grape that is commonly used in Port wine production. The grape is noted for its dark coloring. Its use in the Douro region has been increasing in recent years. The vine is susceptible to rot and performs better in dry, hot climates....

  • Tinta Barroca
    Tinta Barroca
    Tinta Barroca is a Portuguese red wine grape that is grown primarily in the Douro region with some plantings in South Africa. In Portugal, it is a common blending grape in Port wine while in South Africa it is normally made into a varietal...

  • Tinta Caiada
  • Tinta Carvalha
  • Tinta Francisca
    Tinta Francisca
    Tinta Francisca is a red wine grape found primarily in the Douro DOC and is sometimes used in Port wine production. The grape is often confused with the similarly named Touriga Francesa. There are some theories that the grape maybe related to Pinot noir but no ampelographical link has yet been...

  • Tinta Madeira
  • Tinta Miuda
    Tinta Miuda
    Tinta Miuda is a Portuguese red wine grape that is grown primarily in the Oeste and Ribatejo regions. The grape is often used in the production of blended bulk and table wines but can also be used to produce varietal wine....

  • Tinta Negra Mole
    Tinta Negra Mole
    Tinta Negra Mole is a red Portuguese wine grape commonly used in the production of Madeira. It is the most widely planted variety on the island of Madeira and is considered the industry's "workhorse grape"....

     / Preto Martinho
  • Tinta Pinheira
  • Tinto Cão
  • Touriga Franca / Touriga Francesa
    Touriga Francesa
    Touriga Franca is one of the major grape varieties used to produce port wine. Touriga Franca is lighter and more perfumed than Touriga Nacional, adding finesse to the wine. Touriga Franca has been described by Jancis Robinson as playing "Cabernet Franc to Touriga Nacional’s Cabernet Sauvignon"...

  • Touriga Nacional
    Touriga Nacional
    Touriga Nacional is a variety of red wine grape, considered by many to be Portugal's finest. Despite the low yields from its small grapes, it plays a big part in the blends used for ports, and is increasingly being used for table wine in the Douro and Dão. Touriga Nacional provides structure and...

     / Azal Espanhol / Preto de Mortágua
  • Trepat
  • Trevisana Nera
  • Trincadeira/ Castelão / Torneiro
  • Troia / Uva di Troia
    Uva di Troia
    Uva di Troia is a red wine grape variety grown in the Italian region of Puglia, particularly in the areas around Andria and Barletta, and in the Province of Bari....

  • Trollinger
    Trollinger
    Trollinger is a light-red, late-maturing wine grape variety that was originally cultivated in the wine regions of South Tyrol and Trentino.It probably reached the southern regions of Germany during Roman times...

  • Trousseau
    Bastardo grape
    Bastardo is an old variety of red wine grape. It is grown in small amounts in many parts of Western Europe; most famously it is used in Portuguese port wine...

  • Turca
  • Uva di Troia
    Uva di Troia
    Uva di Troia is a red wine grape variety grown in the Italian region of Puglia, particularly in the areas around Andria and Barletta, and in the Province of Bari....

  • Uva Rara
  • Vaccarese / Vaccarèse
  • Valdiguié
  • Vespolina
    Vespolina
    Vespolina is a red Italian wine grape variety that is planted in Piedmont around Gattinara. Ampelographer believe that the grape is most likely indigenous to this area of Piedmont and recent DNA profiling identified a parent-offspring relationship with Nebbiolo. Outside of Piedmont, it is found in...

  • Vien de Nus
  • Volidza
  • Vranac
  • Wildbacher
    Wildbacher
    Wildbacher is a dark-skinned grape variety and specialty of the Styria region of Austria. It is a very old variety said to go back to the Celts, and manuscripts first record the name in the 16th century. The variety is not particularly demanding in terms of soil though it does require warm sites...

    /Blauer Wildbacher
  • Xynomavro
    Xynomavro
    Xinomavro is the principal red wine grape of the uplands of the Naoussa in the prefecture of Imathia, and Amyntaion areas, in Northern Greece. Various writers have compared Xinomavro to Bordeaux, Burgundy, Barolo, etc....

  • Zinfandel
    Zinfandel
    Zinfandel is a variety of red grape planted in over 10 percent of California vineyards. DNA fingerprinting revealed that it is genetically equivalent to the Croatian grape Crljenak Kaštelanski, and also the Primitivo variety traditionally grown in Puglia , where it was introduced in the 18th century...

     / Crljenak Kaštelanski / Primitivo
  • Zweigelt
    Zweigelt
    Zweigelt is a red wine grape variety developed in 1922, at the Federal Institute for Viticulture and Pomology at Klosterneuburg, Austria, by Fritz Zweigelt. It was a crossing of St. Laurent and Blaufränkisch. It is now the most widely-grown red grape variety in Austria, as well as having some...

     / Zweigeltrebe / Rotburger


White grapes



  • Aidani / Aidini
    Aidini
    Aidini is a white Greek wine grape variety that is grown primarily on the island of Santorini but it can also be found on other Greek isles in the Aegean Sea...

     / Aedani
  • Airén
    Airén
    Airén is a variety of Vitis vinifera, a white grape commonly used in winemaking. This grape is native to Spain where it represents about 30% of all grapes grown. As of 2004, Airén was estimated to be the world's most grown grape variety in terms of planted surface, at , although it is almost...

  • Alarije
    Alarije
    Alarije is a minor variety of white wine grape from Spain. It is most often used in blends.-History:Alarije is thought to originate in Spain. DNA evidence suggests that it is part of the Malvasia family. -Spain:...

     / Alarijen
  • Albalonga
    Albalonga (grape)
    Albalonga is a white German wine grape variety that is a crossing between Riesling and Silvaner. It is grown primarily in the Rheinhessen where, in favorable vintages, it can produce wines up to auslese-level sweetness. However, the variety is prone to various grape rots which can make viticulture...

  • Albana
    Albana (grape)
    Albana is a white Italian wine grape planted primarily in the Emilia-Romagna region.The wine made from the grape, Albana di Romagna, was first awarded DOCG status in 1987...

  • Albarello
    Albarello
    An albarello is a type of maiolica earthenware jar, originally a medicinal jar designed to hold apothecaries' ointments and dry drugs. The development of this type of pharmacy jar had its roots in the Middle East during the time of the Islamic conquests....

  • Albariño
    Albariño
    Albariño or Alvarinho is a variety of white wine grape grown in Galicia , Monção and Melgaço , where it is used to make varietal white wines.Albariño is actually the Galician name for the grape...

     / Alvarinho / Cainho Branco
  • Albarola
    Albarola
    Albarola is a white Italian wine grape variety grown in the northwest Italy. It is most commonly found in the Liguria region where producers in the Cinqueterre Denominazione di origine controllata use it as a blending component. Wine expert Jancis Robinson describes the wine made from Albarola as...

  • Albillo
    Albillo
    Albillo or Albillo Real is a white Spanish wine grape planted primarily in the Ribera del Duero region, and also in Madrid, Ávila and Galicia. The grape has mostly neutral flavors with a light perfume aroma. It has a high glycerol index which confers smoothness to the wines.It is sometimes added to...

  • Alcañón
  • Aligoté
    Aligoté
    Aligoté is a white grape used to make dry white wines in the Burgundy region of France, and which also has significant plantings in much of Eastern Europe including Romania, Russia, Ukraine, Moldova and Bulgaria. With , it was the 22nd most planted vine variety in the world in 2004...

  • Altesse
    Altesse
    Altesse or Roussette is a white French wine grape variety found primarily in the Savoy wine region of France. It yields small harvests and ripens late but is resistant to grey rot. Wines made from Altesse have exotic aromas, often together with citrus and herbs, and have good acidity...

     / Roussette
  • Amigne
    Amigne
    Amigne is a white Swiss wine grape planted primarily in the Valais region, with most of the plantations in Vetroz. Total Swiss plantations of the variety in 2009 stood at .The grape can make rich, full bodied wines...

  • Ansonica / Inzolia
    Inzolia
    Ansonica or Inzolia is a white Italian wine grape planted primarily in western Sicily where it can be used to produce Marsala wine. The grape is noted for its nutty aroma...

  • Antao Vaz
  • Aragnan Blanc
    Aragnan Blanc
    Aragnan blanc is a white French wine grape variety found primarily in southeastern France where it is a permitted grape variety in the white wines of the Palette Appellation d'origine contrôlée near Provence. The French ampelographer Pierre Galet speculated that the variety may have originated...

  • Arbois
    Arbois (grape)
    Arbois or Arbois Blanc is a white French wine grape variety planted primarily in the Loire regions. Despite being a minor grape, in the late 20th century it was the third most widely planted grape variety in the Loir-et-Cher département which includes the winemaking areas of Cheverny,...

  • Arinto
    Arinto
    Arinto or Arinto de Bucelas is a white Portuguese wine grape planted primarily in the Bucelas, Tejo and Vinho Verde regions. It can produce high acid wines with lemon notes.-Synonyms:...

  • Arneis
    Arneis
    Arneis is a white Italian wine grape variety originating from Piedmont, Italy. It is most commonly found in the hills of the Roero, northwest of Alba, where it is part of the white Denominazione di origine controllata wines of Roero. It can also be used to produce DOC wines in Langhe...

  • Arnsburger
    Arnsburger
    Arnsburger is a white variety of grape used for wine. It was created 1939 by Heinrich Birk at the Geisenheim Grape Breeding Institute by crossing two clones of Riesling, clone 88 and clone 64. Arnsburger did not receive varietal protection until 1984...

  • Arrufiac
    Arrufiac
    Arrufiac is a white French wine grape variety that is primarily planted in the Gascony region of South West France. It is a secondary grape in the wines from the Pacherenc du Vic-Bilh Appellation d'origine contrôlée...

     / Arrufiat / Ruffiac
  • Arvine
    Petite Arvine
    Petite Arvine is a white wine grape planted primarily in the Valais region of Switzerland. Total Swiss plantations of the variety in 2009 stood at ....

  • Asprinio Bianco
    Asprinio Bianco
    Asprinio bianco is a white Italian wine grape variety grown primarily in southwest Italy around the Naples region of Campania. It is currently not believed to be related to the similarly named French wine grape of the Languedoc region, Aspiran...

  • Assario branco
  • Assyrtiko
    Assyrtiko
    Assyrtiko or Asyrtiko is a white Greek wine grape indigenous to the island of Santorini. Assyrtiko is widely planted in the arid volcanic-ash-rich soil of Santorini and other Aegean islands, such as Paros...

     / Assyrtico
  • Athiri
    Athiri
    Athiri or Athiri Aspro is a white Greek wine grape used to make Retsina on the island of Rhodes.The grape is noted for its lemon character and in other parts of Greece it is often blended with Assyrtiko...

  • Aubin
  • Auxerrois Blanc
    Auxerrois Blanc
    Auxerrois Blanc or Auxerrois Blanc de Laquenexy is a white wine grape that is important in Alsace, and is also grown in Germany and Luxembourg. It is a full sibling of Chardonnay that is often blended with the similar Pinot Blanc.-History:...

  • Avesso
    Avesso
    Avesso is a white Portuguese wine grape planted primarily in the Minho region of Portugal. It can make full bodied aromatic wines. Ampelographers believe it maybe related to the Portuguese grape Jaen....

  • Azal
  • Barcelo
  • Bacchus
  • Baco Blanc
  • Baiyu / Rkatsiteli
    Rkatsiteli
    Rkatsiteli is a kind of grape used to produce white wine.-History:This ancient vinifera originates in Georgia and is one of the oldest grape varieties...

  • Banat Riesling / Banat Rizling
  • Baroque
    Baroque (grape)
    Baroque is a white French wine grape planted primarily in South West France around the Tursan region. It can make full bodied wines with nutty flavors...

  • Belina
  • Benedino
  • Biancame / Bianchello
  • Bianchetta Trevigiana
  • Bianchetti Genovese
  • Bianco d'Alessano
  • Biancolella
    Biancolella
    Biancolella is a white Italian wine grape variety grown primarily in the Campania region of southern Italy. It is a permitted grape in a few Campanian Denominazione di origine controllatas but is used mostly as a blending variety.-Synonyms:...

  • Biancone
  • Bical
    Bical
    Bical is a white Portuguese wine grape planted primarily in the Bairrada region. It can produce high acid wines and is often used in sparkling wine production.-Synonyms:...

  • Blanc de Morgex
  • Boais
  • Bogdanuša
    Bogdanuša
    Bogdanuša is a white grape variety, which is grown on the Croatian island of Hvar, where it originated on the Stari Grad Plain. Wines from this grape tend to be dry with a green-yellow to golden color and from 12% alcohol on up....

  • Bombino Bianco
    Bombino Bianco
    Bombino Bianco is a white Italian wine grape variety planted primarily along Italy's Adriatic coast line, most notably in Apulia. The vine is prone to high yields.-Synonyms:...

  • Borba Blanca
    Borba Blanca
    Borba Blanca is a white Spanish wine grape variety grown primarily in the Extremadura region of south central Spain. According to wine expert Jancis Robinson, the grape is of average to low quality and notable mostly for the high productivity and yields of the vine....

  • Borrado das Moscas
  • Bosco
    Bosco (grape)
    Bosco is a white Italian wine grape variety that is grown predominately in the Liguria region of northwest Italy. It is a permitted variety in the Denominazione di origine controllata wine of Cinque Terre where it is often the primary component of the blend...

  • Bourboulenc
    Bourboulenc
    Bourboulenc is a white wine grape variety primarily grown in southern France. The variety is found in the regions Southern Rhône, Provence and Languedoc....

  • Bouvier
    Bouvier (grape)
    Bouvier is a white wine grape and table grape planted primarily in Central Europe-most notably Austria, Hungary, Slovakia and Slovenia where it is also known as Ranina....

  • Breidecker
    Breidecker
    Breidecker is white variety of grape. It is a hybrid grape, an interspecific crossing × Seibel 7053. It can be used to make a German style light white wine with apple and pear flavors. "This cultivar was released by the Geisenheim Research Station, Germany, in 1962. Has the technical name GM 4894...

  • Bual
    Bual
    Boal is a name given to several varieties of grape cultivated in Portugal, notably in the production of medium-rich fortified wines from Madeira Island. On many wine labels of Madeira wine, the variety's name is anglicized as Bual. Madeira from Bual is typically less sweet than that from Malmsey,...

  • Budai Zöld
  • Bukettraube
    Bukettraube
    Bukettraube is a variety of white grape of German origin. Sebastian Englerth is supposed to have created it in Randersacker in the 19th century, although an Alsatian origin has also been claimed. It may also be known as Bouquettraube, although this has also been argued to be a different variety...

  • Buonamico
  • Burger
    Burger (grape)
    Burger is a white wine grape of French origin, today planted primarily in the Central Valley. Its French name is Monbadon.In the early history of Californian wine, Burger was a majority variety but its influence has steadily decreased and now it is used primarily in bulk jug wine...

     / Monbadon
  • Camaralet
    Camaralet
    Camaralet is a white French wine grape variety that is grown primarily in Southwest France. While historically known for its strong aromatics and flavor profile, the grape has been declining in importance and planting and is now nearly extinct.-Synonyms:...

  • Carica l'Asino
  • Carignan blanc
    Carignan Blanc
    Carignan Blanc is a white wine grape from France. It is a mutation of Carignan Gris, which in turn is a mutation of Carignan. It is found primarily in the Roussillon region....

  • Catarratto
    Catarratto
    Catarratto is a white Italian wine grape planted primarily in Sicily where it is the most widely planted grape. Overproduction in recent years has led to this grape being a substantial contributor to the European wine lake problem...

  • Cayetana
    Cayetana
    Cayetana or Cayetana Blanca is a white Spanish wine grape. It is grown mainly in the south of Spain, especially in the Denominación de Origen of Montilla-Moriles and in the region of Extremadura and in the Jerez region where it is often distilled for use in brandy production.-Synonyms:Cayetana is...

     / Calagraño
  • Cerceal
  • Cereza
    Cereza
    Cereza is a white Argentine wine grape variety. Like Gewürztraminer and Pinot Gris, Cereza is a pink skinned variety. It is a crossing of Muscat of Alexandria and Listan Negro.-History:...

  • Chardonnay
    Chardonnay
    Chardonnay is a green-skinned grape variety used to make white wine. It is originated from the Burgundy wine region of eastern France but is now grown wherever wine is produced, from England to New Zealand...

  • Chasan
    Chasan
    Chasan is a white French wine grape variety grown primarily in the Languedoc wine region. According to the Vitis International Variety Catalogue, the variety is a crossing of Listan and Pinot. However, some sources describe the grape as a crossing between Listan and Chardonnay...

  • Chasselas
    Chasselas
    Chasselas or Chasselas Blanc is a wine grape variety grown in Switzerland, France, Germany, Portugal, Baja Norte, Mexico, Hungary and New Zealand.Theories of its origin vary. Pierre Galet believes it is a native Swiss variety....

     / Fendant / Gutedel
  • Chenel
    Chenel
    Chenel is a white South African wine grape variety that was produced by a crossing of Chenin blanc and Trebbiano. The variety was produced in the late 20th century for viticultural purposes and its resistance to various grape rots....

  • Chenin Blanc
    Chenin Blanc
    Chenin blanc , is a white wine grape variety from the Loire valley of France. Its high acidity means it can be used to make everything from sparkling wines to well-balanced dessert wines, although it can produce very bland, neutral wines if the vine's natural vigor is not controlled...

     / Pineau de la Loire / Steen
  • Clairette
  • Claret de Gers / Claret de Gascogne
  • Claverie
    Claverie
    Claverie is a white French wine grape variety that was once widely planted in the Landes region by Dutch traders who prized the varieties ability to produce wines with high alcohol levels...

  • Cococciola
    Cococciola
    Cococciola is a white Italian wine grape variety that is was one of the few Italian grape varieties to have expanded in plantings in the late 20th century when measures to combat Europe's wine lake and the general decline of viticulture saw the numbers of many varieties decline...

  • Cocur
  • Coda di Volpe
    Coda di Volpe
    Coda di Volpe is a white Italian wine grape variety that has been historically grown in the Campania region around the town of Naples. It is often confused with another white Italian wine grape, Emilia, that share many of the same synonyms as Coda di Volpe....

  • Codega / Roupeiro
    Roupeiro
    Roupeiro is a white Portuguese wine grape planted primarily in the Alentejo and Douro regions. In Alentejo, the grape is known as Alva. In the Douro, it is known as Codega....

  • Colombard
    Colombard
    Colombard is an early fruiting white variety of wine grape, better known as French Colombard in North America. It is possibly the offspring of Gouais Blanc and Chenin Blanc....

  • Completer
    Completer (grape)
    Completer or Malanstraube is a white Swiss wine grape variety grown primarily in eastern Switzerland around Graubünden. The Completer vine was once domesticated but has now become mostly feral though some Swiss winemakers will make limited quantities of wine harvested from the wild vines...

  • Cortese
    Cortese
    Cortese is a white Italian wine grape variety predominantly grown in the southeastern regions of Piedmont in the provinces of Alessandria and Asti. It is the primary grape of the Denominazione di origine controllata wines of Cortese dell'Alto Monferrato and Colli Tortonesi as well as the...

  • Crato / Crato Bianco
  • Courbu
    Courbu
    Courbu is the name of three different, but related varieties of wine grapes primarily found in South West France. All are Vitis vinifera grapes. The name Courbu, without suffix, can refer to both Petit Courbu and Courbu Blanc, and not all sources differ between the two.- Petit Courbu :Petit Courbu...

     / Xuri Zerratua / Bordelesa Zuri
  • Criolla Grande
    Criolla Grande
    Criolla Grande is a red wine grape commonly found in Argentina. It is different from the Chilean wine grape Pais, also known as Criolla Chica, but ampelographers believe that both grapes share a common parent, and it is now listed as a crossing of Mission and Muscat of Alexandria...

  • Crouchen
    Crouchen
    Crouchen or Crouchen Blanc is a variety of white grape. It has its origins in France, although it is now rarely grown there. Instead, it is more commonly found in Australia, where it is often referred to as "Clare Riesling", and in South Africa, where it is often called "Cape Riesling", "Paarl...

     / Clare Riesling / Cape Riesling
  • Cygne blanc
  • Cserszegi Fűszeres
    Cserszegi Fűszeres
    Cserszegi Fűszeres is a white Hungarian grape variety. It is named after its place of origin: Cserszegtomaj at Keszthely.The white Cserszegi Fűszeres is a cross between the Irsai Olivér and Roter Traminer, a member of the Traminer family closely related to Gewürztraminer...

  • Dattier
  • Debina
    Debina (grape)
    Debina is a white Greek wine grape grape primarily in the Zitsa region of Epirus. The grape's high acidity lends itself to sparkling wine production....

  • Diagalves
  • Dimiat
    Dimiat
    Dimiat is a white Bulgarian wine grape. It is one of Bulgaria's most widely planted white grape varieties, second only to Rkatsiteli. Wines made from this variety are noted for their perfume aromas...

  • Dinka
    Dinka (grape)
    Dinka or Kövidinka is a white Hungarian wine grape grape. There is also significant plantings near the Hungarian border in Slovenia, Croatia and Serbia.-Synonyms:...

  • Dona blanca
    Doña Blanca
    Doña Blanca is a white Spanish and Portuguese wine grape variety that is grown primarily in the northwest Galicia region of Spain and throughout Portugal from the Douro northward...

  • Doradillo
    Doradillo
    Doradillo is a white wine grape grape grown primarily in the Riverland region of South Australia. It originates from Spain, and is also known as Blanquette of South Australia....

  • Drupeggio
  • Durella
  • Ehrenfelser
    Ehrenfelser
    Ehrenfelser is a white wine grape variety of German origin. It was created by Dr. Heinrich Birk at the Geisenheim Grape Breeding Institute in 1929, by crossing the varieties Riesling and Silvaner, with the identification of Silvaner being somewhat uncertain.Ehrenfelser is grown primarily in the...

  • Elbling
    Elbling
    Elbling is a variety of white grape which today is primarily grown in the upstream parts of the Mosel region in Germany and in Luxembourg, the vineyards of which are also located along Moselle River...

  • Emerald Riesling
  • Emir Karasi
  • Encruzado
    Encruzado
    Encruzado is a white Portuguese wine grape grape grown primarily in the Dão DOC. It is mainly used as a blending grape.It is also known as Salgueirinho....

  • Erbaluce
    Erbaluce
    Erbaluce or Erbaluce Bianca is a white Italian wine grape grown primarily in the Piedmont region around Caluso. In addition to dry table wines, it is used to make sweet wines passito with deep golden coloring...

  • Esgana Cão / Esagna / Sercial
    Sercial
    Sercial is the name of a white grape grown in Portugal, especially on the island of Madeira. It has given name to the dryest of the four classic varieties of Madeira fortified wine....

  • Esquitxagos
  • Ezerjó
    Ezerjó
    Ezerjó is a white Hungarian wine grape grown primarily in the Mór region. It is used to make sweet dessert wines.-Synonyms:Ezerjó is also known under the synonyms Biella, Budai Feher, Budicsin, Budicsina, Cirfondli, Ezer Jo, Feher Bakator, Feher Budai, Feher Sajgo, Feher Szagos, Frank, Kerekes,...

  • Faber / Faberrebe
    Faberrebe
    Faberrebe or Faber is a grape variety used for white wine. It was created in 1929 by Georg Scheu at the Landesanstalt für Rebenzüchtung in Alzey and was released with varietal protection in 1967. Scheu created Faberrebe by crossing Pinot Blanc and Müller-Thurgau...

  • Favorita
    Favorita (grape)
    Favorita is a white Italian wine grape grown primarily in the Piedmont region. It is most widely planted on the left bank of the Tanaro river in the Roero district near Alba, though some plantings exist on the right bank of the Tanaro in the Langhe hills...

  • Falanghina
    Falanghina
    Falanghina, also called Falanghina Greco, is a variety of wine grape of Vitis vinifera, used for white wines. It is considered a characterful ancient grape variety which may have provided a basis for the classical Falernian wine...

  • False Pedro / Pedro Luis / Cañocazo
  • Favorita
    Favorita (grape)
    Favorita is a white Italian wine grape grown primarily in the Piedmont region. It is most widely planted on the left bank of the Tanaro river in the Roero district near Alba, though some plantings exist on the right bank of the Tanaro in the Langhe hills...

  • Fernao Pires
    Fernão Pires
    Fernão Pires is a white Portuguese wine grape grown throughout Portugal but most notable in the Tejo and Bairrada where it is also known as "Maria Gomes". This varietal is known to produce wines with a spicy aromatic character, though often with delicate exotic fruity notes...

     / Fernão Pires
    Fernão Pires
    Fernão Pires is a white Portuguese wine grape grown throughout Portugal but most notable in the Tejo and Bairrada where it is also known as "Maria Gomes". This varietal is known to produce wines with a spicy aromatic character, though often with delicate exotic fruity notes...

  • Ferral
  • Fetească Albă
    Feteasca alba
    Fetească Albă is a Romanian - Moldovan white grape variety, mainly cultivated in Moldova and Romanian regions of Moldavia and Transylvania, as well as in the Hungarian wine region of Eger.In Moldova, it uses the biggest area planted among local varieties -...

     / Fetiaska / Leànyka
  • Fetească Regală
    Feteasca Regala
    Fetească Regală is a variety of Romanian - Moldovan white grape variety, created in the 1930s, in Mureş County. It is a crossing of Grasă and Fetească albă.This variety is cultivated mainly in Romanian regions of Moldavia and Transylvania, and in Moldova....

  • Fiano
    Fiano (grape)
    Fiano is a white Italian wine grape variety that is grown primarily in the Campania region of southern Italy and on the island of Sicily. In Campania, this fairly strong flavored white wine grape is particularly noted around Avellino where the Denominazione di origine controllata e Garantita wine...

  • Fié / Fiét / Fié gris
  • Findling
    Findling
    Findling is a white German wine grape variety that arose from a mutation of Müller-Thurgau plantings in the Mosel wine region. Compared to Müller-Thurgau, Findling produces grapes of higher must weights, which is an important consideration in the German wine classification system...

  • Flora
    Flora (grape)
    Flora is the name of two unrelated varieties of grape, one white and one red, both of United States origin.- White Flora :The white Flora is a California wine grape. It is a crossing of Semillon and Gewürztraminer, both Vitis vinifera varieties, and it was created in 1938 by Harold P...

  • Fologosão
  • Folle Blanche
    Folle Blanche
    Folle Blanche was the traditional grape variety of the Cognac and Armagnac regions of France. It is also known as Picpoule as well as Gros Plant and Enrageat Blanc...

     / Gros Plant / Piquepoult
  • Francavida
  • Francusa
  • Freisamer
    Freisamer
    Freisamer is a white German wine grape variety grown primarily in the Baden region with some plantings in eastern Switzerland. The variety was created in 1916 by Karl Müller at the Staatliches Weinbauinstitut in Freiburg im Breisgau, Germany by crossing Pinot Gris and Silvaner...

     / Freiburger
  • Friulano / Tocai Friulano
  • Fromenteau

  • Frontignan
  • Furmint
    Furmint
    Furmint is a variety of wine grape from the Pontian Balcanica branch of Vitis vinifera, used for white wines. The name Furmint is taken from the word "froment" for the wheat-gold color of the wine it produces. While it is possible that it the grape is native to Hungary, the grape was likely...

     / Mosler
    Furmint
    Furmint is a variety of wine grape from the Pontian Balcanica branch of Vitis vinifera, used for white wines. The name Furmint is taken from the word "froment" for the wheat-gold color of the wine it produces. While it is possible that it the grape is native to Hungary, the grape was likely...

     / Sipon
  • Galego Dourado
  • Garganega
    Garganega
    Garganega is a variety of white Italian wine grape widely grown in the Veneto region of North East Italy, particularly in the provinces of Verona and Vicenza. It is Italy's 6th most widely planted white grape...

  • Garnacha blanca / Grenache Blanc
    Grenache Blanc
    Grenache blanc is a variety of white wine grape that is related to the red grape Grenache. It is mostly found in Rhône wine blends and in northeast Spain. Its wines are characterized by high alcohol and low acidity, with citrus and or herbaceous notes. Its vigor can lead to overproduction and...

  • Garrido
  • Gellewza
  • Gewürztraminer
    Gewürztraminer
    Gewürztraminer is an aromatic wine grape variety that performs best in cooler climates. It is sometimes referred to colloquially as Gewürz, and in French it is written '...

     / Tramini
  • Gloria
  • Godello
    Godello
    Godello is a white variety of wine grape grown in northwestern Spain, in particular in Galicia. The Gouveio found in northern Portugal is thought to be the same grape variety....

  • Goldburger
    Goldburger
    Goldburger is a white Austrian wine grape grown primarily in the Burgenland region. The grape is a crossing of Orangetraube and Welschriesling and was created in 1922 by Fritz Zweigelt at the Höhere Bundeslehranstalt und Bundesamt für Wein- und Obstbau in Klosterneuburg....

  • Goldriesling
    Goldriesling
    Goldriesling is a grape variety of the species Vitis vinifera used for white wine. It was created in 1893 by Christian Oberlin in Colmar, Alsace by crossing Riesling with another grape variety, which is sometimes given as Courtillier Musqué Précoce, but not identified conclusively.Goldriesling is...

  • Gouais blanc
    Gouais Blanc
    Gouais Blanc or Weißer Heunisch is a white grape variety that is seldom grown today but is important as the ancestor of many traditional French and German grape varieties. The name Gouais derives from the old French adjective ‘gou’, a term of derision befitting its traditional status as the grape...

  • Gouveio
  • Graisse / Plant de Graisse
  • Grasă de Cotnari
    Grasa de Cotnari
    Grasă de Cotnari is a Romanian wine variety associated with the Cotnari vineyard, Moldavia, where it has been grown ever since the rule of Prince Stephen the Great . With the general decline in demand for sweet wines after the second world war and bad wine making during the communist era, Grasă...

  • Grecanico
  • Grechetto
    Grechetto
    Grechetto or Grechetto Bianco is an Italian wine grape of Greek origins. The grape is planted throughout central Italy, particularly in the Umbria region where it is used in the Denominazione di origine controllata wine Orvieto. It is primarily a blending grape, though some varietal wine is also...

  • Greco
    Greco (grape)
    Greco is an Italian wine grape that may be of Greek origin. The name relates to both white and black wine grape varieties. While there is more land area dedicated to Greco nero, the Greco bianco is the grape most commonly referred to by the shorthand "Greco"...

  • Greco Bianco
  • Green Hungarian
    Green Hungarian
    Green Hungarian, Butschera or Putzscheere is a white Hungarian wine grape. It is also found in California, but in recent years the grape has been declining in number of plantings....

  • Grenache Blanc
    Grenache Blanc
    Grenache blanc is a variety of white wine grape that is related to the red grape Grenache. It is mostly found in Rhône wine blends and in northeast Spain. Its wines are characterized by high alcohol and low acidity, with citrus and or herbaceous notes. Its vigor can lead to overproduction and...

     / Garnacha blanca
  • Grenache Gris
  • Grignolino
    Grignolino
    Grignolino is a red Italian wine grape variety commonly grown in the Piedmont region. It makes light colored wines and rosés with very fruity aromas, strong acidity and tannins. The name Grignolino derives from the word grignole which means "many pips" in the local Piedmontese dialect of the Asti...

  • Grillo
    Grillo
    Grillo, also known as Riddu, is a white wine grape variety which withstands high temperatures and is widely used in Sicilian wine-making and, in particular, for Marsala. Its origins are uncertain, but it may have been introduced into the island of Sicily from Puglia...

  • Grasa
  • Grk Bijeli
  • Grolleau gris
    Grolleau gris
    Grolleau Gris is a white French wine grape planted primarily in the Loire Valley. It is used mainly for the white wines of the Vin de Pays du Jardin de la France.- Synonyms :...

  • Gros Manseng
    Gros Manseng
    Gros Manseng is a white wine grape variety that is grown primarily in South West France, and is part of the Manseng family. It produces dry wines in the Jurançon and Béarn regions of Southwest France...

      / Izkiriota Handi
  • Grüner Veltliner
    Grüner Veltliner
    Grüner Veltliner is a variety of white wine grape variety grown primarily in Austria, Slovakia, and the Czech Republic. It has a reputation of being a particularly food-friendly wine...

  • Guardavalle
  • Guarnaccia Bianca
  • Gutenborner
    Gutenborner
    Gutenborner is a white German wine grape that is also used in English wine production. The grape was created in 1928 by Heinrich Birk at Forschungsanstalt Geisenheim by crossing of Müller-Thurgau and Bicane ....

  • Hárslevelű
    Hárslevelu
    Hárslevelű , also called Lipovina , Frunza de tei , Lindenblättriger and Feuille de Tilleul is a grape variety from the Pontian Balcanica branch of Vitis vinifera.The name refers to the "lime leaf" in each of these languages...

  • Hondarrabi Zuri
    Hondarrabi Zuri
    Hondarrabi Zuri is a white variety of Vitis vinifera that is native of the Basque Country, Spain.The bunches are small and compact and the berries small, round and golden in colour. The must produces a pale yellow wine, with aromas of citrus fruit, ripe fruit, herbs and flowers...

  • Humagne
    Humagne
    Humagne Blanche or Humagne is a white Swiss wine grape planted primarily in the Valais region. The total Swiss plantations of the variety in 2009 stood at ....

  • Huxelrebe
    Huxelrebe
    Huxelrebe is a white grape used for wine. Huxelrebe is primarily found in Germany, where the cultivated area covered in 2006, with a decreasing trend. It is primarily found in the German wine regions Rheinhessen, Palatinate and Nahe. Small plantations are also found in England.- Properties...

     / Weisser Gutedel / Courtillier Musqué
  • Incrocio Manzoni
    Incrocio Manzoni
    Incrocio Manzoni is a family of grape varieties named after Professor Luigi Manzoni of Italy's oldest school of oenology located in Conegliano, in the Veneto region...

  • Inzolia
    Inzolia
    Ansonica or Inzolia is a white Italian wine grape planted primarily in western Sicily where it can be used to produce Marsala wine. The grape is noted for its nutty aroma...

     / Ansonica
  • Irsai Oliver
    Irsai Oliver
    Irsai Olivér is a Hungarian white table/wine variety, crossed between Pozsonyi and Pearl of Csaba in 1930. It is early ripening, with a distinctive Muscat character.-Synonyms:...

     / Irsay Oliver / Irsai Olivér
    Irsai Oliver
    Irsai Olivér is a Hungarian white table/wine variety, crossed between Pozsonyi and Pearl of Csaba in 1930. It is early ripening, with a distinctive Muscat character.-Synonyms:...

  • Italia
    Italia (grape)
    Italia is a fairly popular Italian seeded white table grape variety.It was bred by Luigi and Alberto Pirovano in Vaprio d'Adda by crossing Bican and Muscat Hamburg in 1911....

  • Izsáki Sarfehér / Izsáki
  • Jacquère
    Jacquère
    Jacquère is a variety of white grape found primarily in the Savoy wine region of France. It is a high-yielding vine variety which is used to produce lightly scented, rather neutral dry white wine, such as Vin de Savoie. Jacquère is the grape used in Apremont wines and is the usual wine paired with...

  • Jaén blanca
  • Jampal
  • Juhfark
    Juhfark
    Juhfark in is a variety of grape, of the species Vitis vinifera. The name in Hungarian literally means sheep's tail. The term refers to the elongated, cylindrical shape of the clusters....

  • Juwel
    Juwel (grape)
    Juwel is a white German wine grape variety that was produced in the mid-20th century as a crossing between Kerner and Silvaner. By the end of the 20th century, only around 30 hectares of the grapes were still in production, mostly found in the Rheinhessen....

  • Kanzler
    Kanzler (grape)
    Kanzler is a white German wine grape variety that was produced in the city of Alzey as a crossing of Müller-Thurgau and Silvaner. Today it is primarily grown in the Rheinhessen where it is valued for the high must weights that the grapes can achieve...

  • Keknyelu
    Keknyelu
    Kéknyelű is a white Hungarian wine grape planted primarily in the Badacsony region near Lake Balaton. The grape produces full bodied, smokey wines....

     / Kéknyelű
    Keknyelu
    Kéknyelű is a white Hungarian wine grape planted primarily in the Badacsony region near Lake Balaton. The grape produces full bodied, smokey wines....

  • Kerner
    Kerner (grape)
    The Kerner grape is an aromatic white grape variety. It was bred in 1929 by August Herold by crossing Trollinger and Riesling. Herold was working at a plant breeding station in Lauffen in the Württemberg region of Germany. This station belonged to a state breeding institute headquartered in...

  • Knipperle
    Knipperlé
    Knipperlé is a traditional French variety of white wine grape from Alsace. It's not listed for use in AOC wine, but is a minor component of blends for local drinking, in some ways an Alsatian equivalent of its sibling Aligoté in Burgundy.-History:...

     / Klein Rauschling
  • Kövérszőlő
    Kövérszolo
    Kövérszőlő is a variety of grape indigenous to the Transylvania wine region, but is also grown in Tokaj-Hegyalja wine region of Hungary. The variety almost entirely disappeared from Tokaj after the phylloxera epidemic of the 19th century. Kövérszõlõ is characterized by its relatively large big...

  • Karija l'Osü
  • Krstač
    Krstac
    Krstač is an ancient variety of grape that is indigenous to Serbia and Montenegro. A high quality dry white wine is made of it. The wine may be rich, of harmonious bouquet and of light yellow color with 12.5% alcohol.- Synonyms :...

  • Kujundžuša
  • Ladikino
  • Lado
  • Lagorthi
    Lagorthi
    Lagorthi is a Greek wine grape, well known despite its fairly small planting. It produces a moderately aromatic wine with relatively low fruit and alcohol content....

  • Lauzet
    Lauzet
    Lauzet is a white French wine grape variety that is permitted in the Appellation d'Origine Contrôlée wines of the Jurançon region. For most of the 20th century its numbers have been declining and today the grape is near extinction.-Synonyms:...

  • Len de l'El
    Len de l'El
    Len de l'El is a white French wine grape variety native to South West France...

     / Len de l'Elh
  • Loureira
    Loureira
    Loureira, Loureiro or Loureiro Blanco is a white Spanish wine grape planted primarily in the Galicia region. It is also grown across the border in the Portuguese wine region of Minho where it is known as Loureiro and used in Vinho Verde...

  • Lumassina
  • Macabeo
    Macabeo
    Viura, also called Macabeo or Macabeu is a white variety of wine grape.It is widely grown in the Rioja region of northeastern Spain, the Cava producing areas south of Barcelona, and the Languedoc-Roussillon region of France...

     / Macabeu / Alcañón / Viura
  • Maceratino
    Maceratino
    Maceratino is a white Italian wine grape variety that is grown predominantly in the Marche along the Adriatic coast of Italy. Ampelographers believe the grape may have some relation to Greco and Verdicchio, as evidence by the several overlapping synonyms, but no definitive link has been proven yet...

  • Madeleine Angevine
    Madeleine Angevine
    Madeleine Angevine is a white wine grape from the Loire Valley in France that is also popular in the United Kingdom, Germany, Kyrgyzstan and Washington State.. The early-ripening grape is a cross between Madeleine Royale and Précoce de Malingre grapes and is a riesling-type that grows well in...

  • Majarcă Albă
  • Malagousia
    Malagousia
    Malagousia or Malagouzia is a white Greek wine grape that was virtually extinct until Domaine Carras in the late 20th century began to cultivate this ancient variety for varietal wine production...

     / Malagoussia
  • Malvar
    Malvar (grape)
    Malvar is a white Spanish wine grape variety that is predominately grown in the province of Madrid where it is a permitted variety in the Denominación de Origen of Vinos de Madrid. In the late 20th century there was nearly 2500 ha of Malvar planted...

  • Malvasia
    Malvasia
    Malvasia is a group of wine grape varieties grown historically in the Mediterranean region, Balearic islands, Canary Islands and the island of Madeira, but now grown in many of the winemaking regions of the world...

    , includes several sub-varieties
  • Malvoisie
  • Mantonico Bianco
    Mantonico Bianco
    Mantonico Bianco is a white Italian wine grape variety that is predominately grown in the Calabria region of southern Italy. Ampelographers believe that grape is of very old, likely Greek origins, as are many grapes in southern Italy...

  • Petit Manseng
    Petit Manseng
    Petit Manseng is a white wine grape variety that is grown primarily in South West France. It produces the highest quality wine of any grape in the Manseng family. The name is derived from its small, thick skin berries. Coupled with the small yields of the grapevine, most Petit Manseng farmers...

     / Izkiriota Ttipi
  • Manteudo
  • Maria Gomes = Fernão Pires
    Fernão Pires
    Fernão Pires is a white Portuguese wine grape grown throughout Portugal but most notable in the Tejo and Bairrada where it is also known as "Maria Gomes". This varietal is known to produce wines with a spicy aromatic character, though often with delicate exotic fruity notes...

  • Marsanne
    Marsanne (grape)
    Marsanne is a white wine grape, most commonly found in the Northern Rhône region. It is often blended with Roussanne. In Savoie the grape is known as grosse roussette...

  • Mauzac
    Mauzac (grape)
    Mauzac or Mauzac Blanc a white variety of grape used for wine, of the species Vitis vinifera. It is mainly grown in the Gaillac and Limoux regions in the southwest of France. Total French plantations of Mauzac stood at in the year 2000....

  • Melon de Bourgogne
    Melon de Bourgogne
    Melon de Bourgogne or Melon is a variety of white grape grown primarily in the Loire Valley region of France. It is also grown in North America. It is best known through its use in the white wine Muscadet....

     / Muscadet
  • Merseguera
    Merseguera
    Merseguera is a white Spanish wine grape variety planted primarily in the Alicante, Jumilla and Valencia regions.- Synonyms :Merseguera is also known under the synonyms Blanqueta, Blanquilla, Escanavella, Escanyagos, Escanyavella, Exquitsagos, Exquitxagos, Gayata, Gayata Blanca, Lanjaron, Lanjaron...

     / Escanyavella
  • Meslier St-François
  • Mezesfehér
  • Miousap
  • Misket
  • Molette
    Molette
    Molette is a white French wine grape planted primarily in the Savoie region. As a varietal wine, Molette tends to produce neutral tasting wine so it is often blended with Roussette to add more complexity....

  • Moll
  • Montu
  • Morio-Muskat
  • Moscatel de Austria
  • Moscatel Rosada
  • Moschofilero / Moscophilero
  • Mtsvane
    Mtsvane
    Mtsvane or Mtsvane Kakhuri is a grape variety used to make Georgian wines. It is used to make white wine. It is often blended with Rkatsiteli to which it adds a fruity, aromatic balance...

  • Müller-Thurgau
    Müller-Thurgau
    Müller-Thurgau is a variety of white grape which was created by Hermann Müller from the Swiss Canton of Thurgau in 1882. It is a crossing of Riesling with Madeleine Royale. It is used to make white wine in Germany, Austria, Northern Italy, Hungary, England, in Australia, Czech Republic, Slovakia,...

     / Rivaner
  • Muscadelle
    Muscadelle
    Muscadelle is a white wine grape variety. It has a simple aroma of grape juice and raisins like grapes of the Muscat family of grapes, but it is unrelated....

     (Tokay
    Muscadelle
    Muscadelle is a white wine grape variety. It has a simple aroma of grape juice and raisins like grapes of the Muscat family of grapes, but it is unrelated....

     in Australia)
  • Muscadet / Melon de Bourgogne
    Melon de Bourgogne
    Melon de Bourgogne or Melon is a variety of white grape grown primarily in the Loire Valley region of France. It is also grown in North America. It is best known through its use in the white wine Muscadet....

  • Muscat
    Muscat (grape and wine)
    The Muscat variety of grapes of the species Vitis vinifera is widely grown for wine, raisins and table grapes. Their color ranges from white to near black. Muscat almost always has a pronounced sweet floral aroma. Muscat grapes are grown around the world...

     / Moscato
    Muscat (grape and wine)
    The Muscat variety of grapes of the species Vitis vinifera is widely grown for wine, raisins and table grapes. Their color ranges from white to near black. Muscat almost always has a pronounced sweet floral aroma. Muscat grapes are grown around the world...

  • Muscat of Alexandria
    Muscat of Alexandria
    Muscat of Alexandria is a white wine grape that is a member of the Muscat family of Vitis vinifera. It is considered an "ancient vine", and wine experts believe it is one of the oldest genetically unmodified vines still in existence...

     / Moscatell / Moscatel de Málaga, de Setúbal
  • Muscat Blanc
    Muscat Blanc à Petits Grains
    Muscat Blanc à Petits Grains is a white wine grape that is a member of the Muscat family of Vitis vinifera. Its name comes from its characteristic small berry size and tight clusters...

     / Muscat Frontignan / Muskateller / Moscatel Branco
  • Muscat Ottonel
    Muscat Ottonel
    Muscat Ottonel or Muskat-Ottonel is a white wine grape that is a member of the Muscat family of Vitis vinifera. It is most notable for its use in dessert wines from Austria, Croatia and Serbia as well as dry wines from Alsace and Hungary...

  • Nasco
    NASCO
    NASCO or Nasco may refer to:* National Steel and Shipbuilding Company, a shipyard in San Diego, CA owned by General Dynamics* North American Students of Cooperation* North American SuperCorridor Coalition...

  • Neherleschol
  • Neuburger
    Neuburger
    Neuburger is a white Austrian wine grape. The grape is a crossing of Roter Veltliner and Sylvaner. As varietal, it generally produces full bodied wines.- Synonyms :...

  • Nobling
  • Nosiola
  • Nuragus
  • Ondenc
    Ondenc
    Ondenc is a white French wine grape found predominantly in the Gaillac region of southwest France. In the 19th century, it was a popular planting in Bordeaux but fell out of favor following the phylloxera epidemic due to poor yields and sensitive to grape disease, though is still one of the seven...

  • Optima
    Optima (grape)
    Optima is a white wine grape that was created by viticulturalist Peter Morio at the Geilweilerhof Institute for Grape Breeding in the Palatinate in 1930. Morio crossed a Riesling x Silvaner cross with Müller-Thurgau. The Riesling x Silvaner is sometimes mentioned as Rieslaner, but more often just...

  • Orion
    Orion (grape)
    Orion is a white wine grape variety of German origin. It was created by Dr. Gerhardt Alleweldt at the Geilweilerhof Institute for Grape Breeding in Siebeldingen in 1964, by crossing the Vitis vinifera variety Optima with the hybrid grape Villard Blanc...

  • Ortega
    Ortega (grape)
    Ortega is a grape variety used for white wine. It was created in 1948 by Hans Breider at the Bayerischen Landesanstalt für Wein-, Obst- und Gartenbau in Würzburg and was released with varietal protection in 1981. It is a cross between Müller-Thurgau and Siegerrebe...

  • Ortrugo
  • Oz
  • Pagedebit
  • Palomino
    Palomino (grape)
    Palomino is a white grape widely grown in Spain and South Africa, and best known for its use in the manufacture of sherry.-Wine regions:In Spain, the grape is split into the sub-varieties Palomino Fino, Palomino Basto, and Palomino de Jerez, of which Palomino Fino is by far the most important,...

     / Listan / Perrum
  • Pampanuto / Pampanino
  • Parč
    PARC
    PARC or Parc may refer to:* PARC , the Palo Alto Research Center * PARC Management, a theme park and entertainment venue operator...

  • Pardillo
    Pardillo
    Pardillo is a white Spanish wine grape planted primarily in western Spain. As a varietal, it produces neutral flavored wines....

     / Pardina
    Pardina
    Pardina is a commune in Tulcea County, Romania. It is composed of a single village, Pardina....

  • Parellada
    Parellada
    Parellada is a white grape variety of Catalan origin specially grown in Catalonia. With Macabeu and Xarel·lo, is one of the three traditional varieties used to make the sparkling wine Cava, which is primarily produced in Catalonia...

  • Pascal Blanc
    Pascal Blanc
    Pascal blanc is a white French wine grape variety grown in the Provence region of southern France. While once more widely planted, this ancient Provençal variety is nearly extinct with only a few plantings left in the Appellation d'Origine Contrôlée region of Cassis and some hectares used for...

  • Passerina
  • Pecorello
  • Pecorino
    Pecorino (grape)
    Pecorino is an early-ripening white wine grape mainly grown in the Marche, Abruzzo, Umbria and Lazio regions of Italy.-External links:* , from tigulliovino.it* , from Vino in Rete* , from Picenos...

  • Pedro Giménez
    Pedro Giménez
    Pedro Giménez is a white Argentine wine grape that is rapidly declining in plantings. Despite the similar name, the Spanish wine grape Pedro Ximénez is a different variety with ampelographers not yet certain if the two grapes are in any way related. Grown predominately in the Mendoza wine region,...

  • Pedro Ximénez
    Pedro Ximénez
    Pedro Ximénez is the name of a white grape grown in certain regions of Spain, and also a varietal wine, an intensely sweet, dark, dessert sherry...

    / PX / Alamís

  • Perle
    Perle (grape)
    Perle is a white German wine grape planted primarily in Franconia. The grape is a crossing of Gewürztraminer and Müller-Thurgau. As a varietal, Perle produces highly aromatic wines....

  • Petit Courbu
  • Petit Meslier
    Petit Meslier
    Petit Meslier is a rare white wine grape that is a minor component of some Champagne blends. It is valued for its ability to retain acidity even in hot vintages...

  • Petite Arvine
    Petite Arvine
    Petite Arvine is a white wine grape planted primarily in the Valais region of Switzerland. Total Swiss plantations of the variety in 2009 stood at ....

  • Picardin
  • Picolit
    Picolit
    Picolit is a white Italian wine grape grown predominately in the Friuli-Venezia Giulia region of northeast Italy. The grape is allowed in the Denominazione di origine controllata e garantita wines of Colli Orientali del Friuli. The grape is most commonly associated with sweet dessert wines often...

     / Piccolit / Piccolito
  • Picpoul
  • Pigato
    Pigato
    Pigato is a white Italian wine grape planted primarily in Liguria. As a varietal, Pigato produces highly aromatic wines....

  • Pignerol
  • Pignooletto
  • Pinella
  • Pinot Blanc
    Pinot Blanc
    Pinot blanc is a white wine grape. It is a point genetic mutation of Pinot noir. Pinot noir is genetically unstable and will occasionally experience a point mutation in which a vine bears all black fruit except for one cane which produced white fruit....

     / Pinot Bianco / Klevner / Weissburgunder
  • Pinot Grigio / Pinot Gris
    Pinot Gris
    Pinot gris is a white wine grape variety of the species Vitis vinifera. Thought to be a mutant clone of the Pinot noir grape, it normally has a grayish-blue fruit, accounting for its name but the grape can have a brownish pink to black and even white appearance...

     / Grauburgunder
  • Pinot Jaune / Szürkebarát
  • Planta Fina
  • Planta Nova
  • Plavai
  • Pošip
    Pošip
    Pošip is an autochthonous white wine grape that is primarily grown in the Dalmatian region of Croatia on the island of Korčula, although small amounts are also being grown on the Pelješac Peninsula...

  • Prosecco
  • Prunesta
  • Rabigato
  • Rabo de Ovelha
    Rabo de Ovelha
    Rabo de Ovelha is white Portuguese wine grape variety that is grown all over Portugal. It should not be confused with the red Rabo de Anho grape variety that is found in the Vinho Verde region. Rabo de Ovelha is an authorized grape variety in the Bairrada, Borba, Bucelas, Redondo, Reguengos,...

  • Raisin Blanc
  • Rauschling
    Räuschling
    Räuschling is a white variety of grape used for wine. It is today almost only found in small amounts in German-speaking parts of Switzerland, where Räuschling can produce fruity, crisp white wines with good acidity. Räuschling has previously been much more common in Switzerland, Germany and Alsace...

     / Rāuschling
    Räuschling
    Räuschling is a white variety of grape used for wine. It is today almost only found in small amounts in German-speaking parts of Switzerland, where Räuschling can produce fruity, crisp white wines with good acidity. Räuschling has previously been much more common in Switzerland, Germany and Alsace...

  • Regner
  • Reichensteiner
    Reichensteiner
    Reichensteiner is a white wine grape that is mainly grown in Germany) and England), although New Zealand also grows a small quantity. It is a cross between Müller-Thurgau and Madeleine Angevine x Calabreser Froehlich, and was first bred in Germany during 1939.In England, it is the 2nd most grown...

  • Rèze
    Rezé
    Rezé is a commune in the Loire-Atlantique department in western France.It was also called Ratiate in the Middle Ages and Rezay in the High Middle Ages.Inhabitants of Rezé are called Rezéens.-Panorama:...

  • Rhoditis
    Rhoditis
    Rhoditis is a pink-skinned Greek wine grape traditionally grown in the Peloponnese region of Greece. The grape was highly valued in the Greek wine industry prior to the phylloxera outbreak due to its ability to ripen late and maintain its acidity in hot climates like those of Peloponnese and...

     / Roditis
  • Ribolla
    Ribolla
    Ribolla is a village in southern Tuscany, a frazione of the comune of Roccastrada, in the province of Grosseto. At the time of the 2001 census its population amounted to 2.115.In 1954, a mine exploded killing forty-three workers....

     / Robola
  • Riesling
    Riesling
    Riesling is a white grape variety which originated in the Rhine region of Germany. Riesling is an aromatic grape variety displaying flowery, almost perfumed, aromas as well as high acidity. It is used to make dry, semi-sweet, sweet and sparkling white wines. Riesling wines are usually varietally...

     / Johannisberg Riesling / Rheinriesling / Klingelberger
  • Rieslaner
    Rieslaner
    Rieslaner is a breed cross of the Silvaner and Riesling grape that was first bred in Veitshöcheim, Franconia, Germany in 1921 by the grape breeder August Ziegler. It is a late ripening grape that is fairly high in acidity. Today it is mostly grown in the Franconia region and in the Palatinate ...

  • Rkatsiteli
    Rkatsiteli
    Rkatsiteli is a kind of grape used to produce white wine.-History:This ancient vinifera originates in Georgia and is one of the oldest grape varieties...

  • Robola
  • Roditis / Rhoditis
    Rhoditis
    Rhoditis is a pink-skinned Greek wine grape traditionally grown in the Peloponnese region of Greece. The grape was highly valued in the Greek wine industry prior to the phylloxera outbreak due to its ability to ripen late and maintain its acidity in hot climates like those of Peloponnese and...

  • Rolle
  • Rollo
  • Romorantin
    Romorantin
    Romorantin is a traditional French variety of white wine grape, that is a sibling of Chardonnay. Once quite widely grown in the Loire, it has now only seen in the Cour-Cheverny AOC. It produces intense, minerally wines somewhat reminiscent of Chablis....

  • Roter Veltliner
    Roter Veltliner
    Roter Veltliner is a grape variety used to make white wine. It is found in Austria. Some of the better wines come from the Wagram district of Donauland.It is believed to be a very old variety, but its parentage has so far not been possible to determine...

  • Rotgipfler
    Rotgipfler
    Rotgipfler is a grape variety used to make aromatic white wine. It is almost exclusively found in the Gumpoldskirchen district of the Thermenregion in Austria. It is often blended with Zierfandler to make "Spätrot-Rotgipfler". It is also increasingly used for quality wines...

  • Roupeiro
    Roupeiro
    Roupeiro is a white Portuguese wine grape planted primarily in the Alentejo and Douro regions. In Alentejo, the grape is known as Alva. In the Douro, it is known as Codega....

     / Codega
  • Roussanne
    Roussanne
    Roussanne is a white wine grape grown originally in the Rhône wine region in France, where it is often blended with Marsanne. It is the only other white variety, besides Marsanne, allowed in the northern Rhône appellations of Crozes-Hermitage AOC, Hermitage AOC and Saint-Joseph AOC...

  • Sabro
  • Sacy
    Sacy (grape)
    Sacy is a white wine grape grown primarily in the central and northeastern France within the Yonne and Allier départments.Sacy ripens early, and produces light-coloured wines low in acid and alcohol.-Parentage:...

  • Ste Marie
  • St-Pierre Doré
  • Sarfeher
    Sarfeher
    Sarfeher is a white Hungarian wine grape planted primarily in the Great Hungarian Plain. In addition to making still, varietal wines Sarfeher is also used in sparkling wine production....

     / Sárfehér
    Sarfeher
    Sarfeher is a white Hungarian wine grape planted primarily in the Great Hungarian Plain. In addition to making still, varietal wines Sarfeher is also used in sparkling wine production....

  • Sauvignon Blanc
    Sauvignon blanc
    Sauvignon Blanc is a green-skinned grape variety which originates from the Bordeaux region of France. The grape most likely gets its name from the French word sauvage and blanc due to its early origins as an indigenous grape in South West France., a possible descendant of savagnin...

     / Sauvignon Gris
    Sauvignon gris
    Sauvignon gris is pink color wine grape that is a clonal mutation of Sauvignon blanc. The grape is primarily found in Bordeaux and Chile, where it was imported with Sauvignon blanc and Sauvignon vert cuttings. The grape produces less aromatic wines and is often use for blending....

  • Sauvignon Vert
    Sauvignon vert
    Sauvignon vert is a white wine grape of the species Vitis vinifera. It is widely planted in Chile where it was historically mistaken for Sauvignon blanc...

     / Sauvignonasse
  • Savagnin
    Savagnin
    Savagnin or Savagnin Blanc is a variety of white wine grape with green-skinned berries. It is mostly grown in the Jura region of France, where it is made into the famous vin jaune and vin de paille.-History:...

     / Savagnin Blanc
  • Savatiano
    Savatiano
    Savatiano is a white Greek wine grape used primarily in the wine Retsina. It is one of Greece's most widely planted grape varieties and is known for its resistance to drought condition. It is mostly planted throughout central Greece, particularly in Attica near Athens...

  • Scheurebe
    Scheurebe
    Scheurebe or Sämling 88 is a white wine grape variety. It is primarily grown in Germany and Austria, where it often is called Sämling 88 , and some parts of the New World...

  • Schönburger
    Schönburger
    Schönburger, also spelled Schoenburger, or Schonburger is a variety of grape, formally designated Geisenheim 15-114, a crossing developed at Geisenheim Institute for Grape Breeding in Germany, and released in 1979, of Pinot Noir x .It is grown now in Germany, as well as in England where it is...

  • Sémillon
    Sémillon
    Sémillon is a golden-skinned grape used to make dry and sweet white wines, most notably in France and Australia.-History:The origin of the Sémillon grape is hard to determine. It is known that it first arrived in Australia in the early 19th century and by the 1820s the grape covered over 90 percent...

  • Septiner
  • Sercial
    Sercial
    Sercial is the name of a white grape grown in Portugal, especially on the island of Madeira. It has given name to the dryest of the four classic varieties of Madeira fortified wine....

     / Cerceal / Esgana Cao
  • Sereksia
  • Sideritis
  • Siegerrebe
    Siegerrebe
    Siegerrebe is a white wine grape that is grown primarily in Germany with some plantings in England, Washington State, and British Columbia's North Okanagan. Siegerrebe was created by German viticulturalist Dr. Georg Scheu in 1929 at a grape-breeding institute in Alzey in Rheinhessen, by crossing...

  • Silvaner
    Silvaner
    Sylvaner or Silvaner is a variety of white wine grape grown primarily in Alsace and Germany, where its official name is Grüner Silvaner. In Germany it is best known as a component of Liebfraumilch and production boomed in the 1970s to the detriment of quality, but it has long enjoyed a better...

     / Sylvaner / Österreicher
    Silvaner
    Sylvaner or Silvaner is a variety of white wine grape grown primarily in Alsace and Germany, where its official name is Grüner Silvaner. In Germany it is best known as a component of Liebfraumilch and production boomed in the 1970s to the detriment of quality, but it has long enjoyed a better...

  • Smederevka
    Smederevka
    Smederevka is a white wine grape variety grown in Smederevo, Serbia and in Tikveš wine-growing region of Macedonia. The variety's name is derived from the name of Serbian city Smederevo...

  • Spagnol
  • Spätrot / Zierfandler
    Zierfandler
    Zierfandler is a grape variety used to make white wine in the Thermenregion of Austria. It is also known as Spätrot because it turns red just before harvest time. It is traditionally blended with Rotgipfler but is increasingly being sold as a single varietal wine...

  • Steen / Chenin Blanc
    Chenin Blanc
    Chenin blanc , is a white wine grape variety from the Loire valley of France. Its high acidity means it can be used to make everything from sparkling wines to well-balanced dessert wines, although it can produce very bland, neutral wines if the vine's natural vigor is not controlled...

  • Sultana
    Sultana (grape)
    The sultana is a type of white, seedless grape assumed to originate from the Turkish, Greek, or Iranian area...

  • Symphony
  • Tamarêz / Tamares / Crato Branco
  • Tamîioasa / Tămîioasă Românească / Tamianka
  • Taminga
  • Téoulier
  • Terrantez
  • Terret gris
    Terret gris
    Terret gris is a white French wine grape variety planted primarily in the Languedoc wine region. Appellation d'origine contrôlée regulations allow the grape to used in white wines from the Corbières, Coteaux du Languedoc and Minervois AOCs...

  • Timorasso
  • Torrontés
    Torrontes
    Torrontés is a white Argentine wine grape variety, producing fresh, aromatic wines with moderate acidity, smooth texture and mouthfeel as well as distinctive peach and apricot aromas on the nose. Three Torrontés varieties exist in Argentina: Torrontés Riojano, the most common, Torrontés Sanjuanino,...

     / Torontel
  • Tourbat
    Tourbat
    Tourbat is a white grape variety planted primarily in the French wine region of the Côtes du Roussillon AOC where is sometimes called Malvoisie du Roussillon. It is also found in the Italian wines from Sardinia where the grape is known as Torbato and in the Aragon region of Spain...

     / Torbato
  • Traminer / Tramini / Traminac
  • Trbljan
  • Trebbiano
    Trebbiano
    Trebbiano is the second most widely planted grape in the world. It gives good yields, but makes undistinguished wine at best. It can be fresh and fruity, but does not keep long. Its high acidity makes it important in Cognac production...

     / Ugni Blanc
  • Treixadura / Trajadura
  • Tresallier
  • Trousseau Gris
    Trousseau Gris
    Trousseau Gris is a French variety of white wine grape. It is occasionally found in eastern France and was once widely grown in California under the name Gray Riesling. In cool climates it can produce fresh aromatic wines...

     / Grey Riesling
  • Tsaoussi
  • Tsolikauri
    Tsolikauri
    Tsolikauri is a light yellow-skinned white grape variety grown mainly in western Imereti district of Georgia. It cultivated in Kolkhida Lowland at an altitude of above sea level....

  • Ugni blanc / Trebbiano
    Trebbiano
    Trebbiano is the second most widely planted grape in the world. It gives good yields, but makes undistinguished wine at best. It can be fresh and fruity, but does not keep long. Its high acidity makes it important in Cognac production...

  • Verdea
  • Verdeca
  • Verdejo
    Verdejo
    Verdejo is a variety of wine grape that has long been grown in the Rueda region of Spain. The grape originated in North Africa, and was spread to Rueda in about the 11th Century, possibly by Mozarabs. Verdejo was generally used to make a strongly oxidized, Sherry-like wine...

  • Verdelho
    Verdelho
    Verdelho is a white wine grape grown throughout Portugal, though most associated with the island of Madeira, and also gives its name to one of the four main types of Madeira wine...

     / Gouveio / Godello
    Godello
    Godello is a white variety of wine grape grown in northwestern Spain, in particular in Galicia. The Gouveio found in northern Portugal is thought to be the same grape variety....

  • Verdello
    Verdello
    Verdello is a comune in the province of Bergamo, Lombardy, Italy. It has a population of 6,494....

  • Verdesse
  • Verdicchio
    Verdicchio
    Verdicchio is a white Italian wine grape variety grown primarily in the Marche region of central Italy. The name Verdicchio derives from verde and refers to the slight green/yellow hue that wines made from the grape can have....

  • Verdil / Verdosilla
  • Verdiso / Verdia
  • Verdoncho
  • Verduzzo
    Verduzzo
    Verduzzo is a white Italian wine grape grown predominantly in the Friuli-Venezia Giulia region of northeast Italy. It is also found in significant plantings in the Piave Denominazione di origine controllata of the Veneto region...

  • Verduzzo Trevigiano
  • Vermentino
    Vermentino
    Vermentino is a late-ripening white grape variety, primarily found in Italian wine. It is widely planted in Sardinia, in Liguria primarily under the name Pigato, to some extent in Corsica, in Piedmont under the name Favorita, and in increasing amounts in Languedoc-Roussillon. The leaves are dark...

     / Rolle
    Rolle
    Rolle is a municipality in the Canton of Vaud in Switzerland. It was the seat of the district of Rolle until 2006, when it became part of the district of Nyon. It is located on the northwestern shore of Lake Geneva between Nyon and Lausanne...

  • Vernaccia
    Vernaccia
    Vernaccia is a white wine grape that is found in many Italian wines but is most commonly associated the Tuscan wine Vernaccia di San Gimignano. Ampelographers have determined that the Vernaccia vine has many clonal varieties but is unrelated to some Italian vines known as "Vernaccia" such as the...

  • Veroga
  • Vespaiola
    Vespaiola
    Vespaiola is a white Italian wine grape variety planted primarily in the Veneto region of northeastern Italy where it is often dried to produce passito style dessert wines...

  • Vilana
    Vilana
    Vilana is a white Greek wine grape variety planted primarily in Crete. The grape is a difficult one to cultivate and produces delicate wines rarely seen outside of Greece....

  • Vinhao
  • Viognier
    Viognier
    Viognier is a white wine grape. It is the only permitted grape for the French wine Condrieu in the Rhone valley.-History:The origin of the Viognier grape is unknown. Viognier is presumed to be an ancient grape, possibly originating in Dalmatia and then brought to Rhône by the Romans. One legend...

  • Viosinho
  • Vital (grape)
  • Vitovska
    Vitovska
    Vitovska or Vitouska, also known in Slovenian as Vitovska Grganja or Garganja is an Italian and Slovene wine grape predominantly planted in the Friuli-Venezia Giulia region and in the Kras in the Slovenian Littoral. The name of the grape is of Slovenian origin, but is now mostly found in the lower...

  • Viura / Macabeo
    Macabeo
    Viura, also called Macabeo or Macabeu is a white variety of wine grape.It is widely grown in the Rioja region of northeastern Spain, the Cava producing areas south of Barcelona, and the Languedoc-Roussillon region of France...

     / Macabeu
    Macabeo
    Viura, also called Macabeo or Macabeu is a white variety of wine grape.It is widely grown in the Rioja region of northeastern Spain, the Cava producing areas south of Barcelona, and the Languedoc-Roussillon region of France...

     /Alcañón
  • Vugava
  • Weldra
  • Welschriesling
    Welschriesling
    Welschriesling is an ancient variety of white wine grape, unrelated to the Rhine Riesling, that is grown throughout Central Europe. The origin of Welschriesling is uncertain. The German name "Welschriesling" literally means 'Romanic Riesling', and most of the synonyms in Central Europe are...

     / Riesling Italico / Olaszrizling / Lazki Rizling / Graševina
  • Würzer
  • Xarel·lo
    Xarel·lo
    Xarel·lo is a white grape variety of Spanish origin specially grown in Catalonia. With Macabeu and Parellada, is one of the three traditional varieties used to make the sparkling wine Cava...

     / Xarello
  • Xynisteri
    Xynisteri
    Xynisteri is an indigenous white grape grown on Cyprus. 13% of Cyprus vineyards, or 500 hectares on the south slopes of the Troodos mountain range are planted with this grape variety. It is used in the production of several local wines...

  • Zala Gyöngye
  • Zalema
    Zalema
    Zalema is a white Spanish wine grape variety planted primarily in Condado de Huelva. As a varietal, Zalema produces heavy, full bodied wines.-Synonyms:Zalema is also known under the synonyms Ignobilis, Rebazo, Salemo, Salerno, Zalemo, and Zalemo Rebazo....

  • Zefir
  • Zenit
  • Zéta
    Zéta
    Zéta is a Hungarian wine grape, a crossing of Furmint and Bouvier. It was introduced to the Tokaj-Hegyalja wine region of Hungary in 1951 and authorized for production in 1990. Previously known as Oremus, its name was changed to Zéta in 1999...

     / Orémus
    Oremus
    Oremus is the invitation to pray, said before short prayers in the Roman Catholic Mass and the Lutheran Divine Service, as well as other Western liturgies....

  • Zeusz
  • Zierfandler
    Zierfandler
    Zierfandler is a grape variety used to make white wine in the Thermenregion of Austria. It is also known as Spätrot because it turns red just before harvest time. It is traditionally blended with Rotgipfler but is increasingly being sold as a single varietal wine...

  • Žilavka
  • Žlahtina


Red table grapes

  • Black Corinth
  • Black Rose
  • Cardinal
    Cardinal (grape)
    Cardinal is a table grape first produced in California in 1939.The grape is a cross of the Flame Seedless and Ribier table grapes. In the United States, Bulgaria France, Italy, Romania, and Spain the grape is used as a typical table grape for eating and making raisins. In Thailand and Vietnam it...

  • Red Globe
    Red Globe grape
    The Red Globe table grape is a variety of very large, seeded red grapes with firm flesh used mainly as a table grape. It can be grown outdoors in very warm areas with long growing seasons such as California or Australia, but in most of the world it is strictly a greenhouse grape.While seedless...

  • Valencia
  • Red Flame
  • Richard Walden


White table grapes

  • Calmeria
  • Perlette
  • Sugraone
  • Superior Seedless (Menindee Seedless)
  • Sultana
    Sultana (grape)
    The sultana is a type of white, seedless grape assumed to originate from the Turkish, Greek, or Iranian area...

     / Thompson Seedless
  • Sultana
  • Diamond
  • Moonballs
  • Valvin Muscat
  • Centennial


Vitis labrusca
Vitis labrusca
Vitis labrusca is a species of grapevines belonging to the Vitis genus in the flowering plant family Vitaceae. The vines are native to the eastern United States and are the source of many grape cultivars, including Catawba and Concord grapes, and many hybrid grape varieties such as Agawam,...

(wine and table)


Many commercial varieties commonly called labrusca are actually complex interspecies hybrids.

Wine grapes

  • Campbell Early
  • Catawba
    Catawba (grape)
    Catawba is a red hybrid grape variety used for wine as well as juice, jams and jellies. The grape can have a pronounced musky or "foxy" flavor. Grown predominantly on the East Coast of the United States, this purplish-red grape is a likely cross of the native American Vitis labrusca and another...

  • Concord
  • Delaware
  • Fredonia
  • Isabella
  • Ives
  • Niagara
  • Noah


Red table grapes

  • Canadice
    Canadice
    Canadice is a cultivar of seedless red grape with a bit of a spicy flavor. It is a late season cultivar ripening about mid-September into October and is hardy up to -20 degrees Fahrenheit It is used as a table grape and is described as productive with a flavor similar to Delaware grapes...

  • Christmas Rose
  • Crimson Seedless
  • Einset
  • Emperor
    Emperor (grape)
    Emperor is a red Australian wine grape variety that is mainly grown as a table grape in South Australia and New South Wales but can be a blending component to fill out red blends. It is particularly well suited for hot climate viticulture.-Synonyms:...

  • Flame Seedless
    Flame Seedless grape
    The Flame Seedless is a vigorous, heavy-bearing table grape cultivar that keeps well in storage. It is a hybrid of Thompson, Cardinal, and several other Vitis vinifera cultivars. It produces large clusters of medium-large red grapes with a sweet flavor....

  • Reliance Seedless
  • Rouge
  • Ruby Seedless
  • Swenson Red
  • Tudor Premium Red
  • Suffolk Red
  • Vanessa
  • Yates


Purple/Blue table grapes

  • Alden
  • Autumn Royal
  • Beauty Seedless
  • Bluebell
  • Buffalo
  • Concord
  • Coronation
    Coronation (grape)
    Coronation grapes are a "virtually seedless" hybrid variety of table grape developed in Canada. Coronation grapes are popular throughout Canada, and are available during a short period in late summer and early fall...

  • Fantasy Seedless
  • Jupiter
  • Marroo
  • Mars
  • Niabell
  • Ribier
  • Steuben
  • Van Buren


Varied/Other

  • Cassady (green)
  • Golden Mucat (green)
  • Himrod
    Himrod
    Himrod is a white table grape, released in 1952 by the New York Agricultural Experiment Station in Geneva, New York. It is seedless and known for ripening quickly and its sweet flavor....

     (white)
  • Interlaken (white)
  • Lakemont (white)
  • Marquis (white)
  • Neptune (white)
  • Seneca (green)


Vitis riparia
Vitis riparia
Vitis riparia Michx, also commonly known as River Bank Grape or Frost Grape, is a native American climbing or trailing vine, widely distributed from Quebec to Texas, and Montana to New England. It is long-lived and capable of reaching into the upper canopy of the tallest trees...

(wine grape rootstock and hybridization source)

  • Riparia Gloire
  • Riparia Grand Glabre
  • Riparia Scribner
  • Riparia Martin
  • Riparia 89
  • Munson
  • Americas

Vitis rotundifolia (table and wine)



  • Big Red (grape)
  • Black Beauty (grape)
  • Black Fry
  • Carlos (grape)
  • Cowart
    Muscadine
    Muscadines are a grapevine species native to the present-day southeastern United States that has been extensively cultivated since the 16th Century. It differs from Vitis spp. in its number of chromosomes and its morphology...

  • Darlene (grape)
  • Dixie Red
  • Early Fry
  • Fry (grape)
  • Granny Val
  • Higgins (grape)

  • Hunt
  • Hunter (grape)
  • Ison's
  • Janebell (grape)
  • Janet (grape)
  • Jumbo (grape)
  • Late Fry
  • Magnolia (grape)
  • Muscadine
    Muscadine
    Muscadines are a grapevine species native to the present-day southeastern United States that has been extensively cultivated since the 16th Century. It differs from Vitis spp. in its number of chromosomes and its morphology...

  • Nesbit (grape)
  • Noble
    International variety
    An International variety is a grape variety that is widely planted in most of the major wine producing regions and has widespread appeal and consumer recognition. These are grapes that are highly likely to appear on wine labels as varietal wines and are often considered benchmarks for emerging wine...


  • Pam (grape)
  • Pineapple (grape)
  • Scarlet (grape)
  • Scuppernong
    Scuppernong
    The scuppernong is a large variety of muscadine , a species of grape native to the southeastern United States. It is usually a greenish or bronze color and is similar in appearance and texture to a white grape, but rounder and larger and first known as the 'big white grape'...

  • Southland
  • Sugargate
  • Supreme (grape)
  • Summit (grape)
  • Sweet Jenny
  • Tara (grape)
  • Triumph (grape)


Vitis aestivalis
Vitis aestivalis
Vitis aestivalis is a species of grape native to eastern North America from southern Ontario east to Vermont, west to Oklahoma, and south to Florida and Texas. It is a vigorous vine, growing to 10 m or more high in trees...

(wine)

  • Norton
    Norton (grape)
    Norton, a grape cultivar believed to be largely derived from Vitis aestivalis, is grown in the Midwestern United States, Mid-Atlantic States and northeastern Georgia. Norton was first cultivated in Richmond, Virginia and is the official grape of the State of Missouri and is considered the...

     / Cynthiana
  • Black Spanish
    Black Spanish (grape)
    Black Spanish also known as Lenoir , Jacquez, and El Paso, the Black Spanish grape is a variety of the American Vitis aestivalis species of grape vine. Named for the incredibly dark skin of its fruit...


Vinifera hybrids (wine)


Hybrid grape varieties (see Hybrid grapes
Hybrid grapes
Hybrid grapes are grape varieties that are the product of a crossing of two or more Vitis species. This is in contrast to crossings between grape varieties of the same species, typically Vitis vinifera, the European grapevine. Hybrid grapes are also referred to as inter-specific crossings...

) or "hybrids" is, in fact, the popular term for a subset of what are properly known as hybrids, specifically crossings between one species
Species
In biology, a species is one of the basic units of biological classification and a taxonomic rank. A species is often defined as a group of organisms capable of interbreeding and producing fertile offspring. While in many cases this definition is adequate, more precise or differing measures are...

 of the genus
Genus
In biology, a genus is a low-level taxonomic rank used in the biological classification of living and fossil organisms, which is an example of definition by genus and differentia...

 vitis
Vitis
Vitis is a genus of about 60 species of vining plants in the flowering plant family Vitaceae. The genus is made up of species predominantly from the Northern hemisphere. It is economically important as the source of grapes, both for direct consumption of the fruit and for fermentation to produce...

 and another. The scientific definition of a hybrid grape is any crossing (intra- or inter-specific) of two grape varieties. In keeping with the popular definition, however, the ones listed below are inter-specific hybrids where one parent is a European grape. Most of these are complex mixtures of three or more species and all parents are not always clearly known.
  • Alexander
    Alexander (grape)
    Alexander is a sponteneous cross of vines from which the first commercial wines in America were made. It was discovered in 1740 in the neighborhood of Springgettsbury, Philadelphia, in a vineyard where James Alexander , William Penn's gardener, had originally planted cuttings of vinifera in 1683...

  • Agawam
    Agawam (grape)
    Agawam is a hybrid grape variety. It is a crossing of Carter and Muscat Hamburg . Agawam is one of the so-called Rogers' Hybrids created by E.S...

  • Aurora
  • Aurore
  • Baco 22A
    Baco 22A
    Baco Blanc or Baco 22A is a French-American hybrid grape variety. It is a cross of Folle Blanche and the Noah grape, created in the 1898 by the grape breeder François Baco. Folle Blanche is its Vitis vinifera parent...

     (Baco blanc)
  • Baco noir
    Baco noir
    Baco noir is a hybrid red wine grape variety produced from a cross of Vitis vinifera var. Folle Blanche, a French wine grape, and an unknown variety of Vitis riparia indigenous to North America. Baco noir produces a medium body, deeply tinted, acidic red wine which is fruit forward and often...

     (Baco 1)
  • Brianna
  • Cabernet Cortis
    Cabernet Cortis
    Cabernet Cortis is a dark-skinned grape variety used for wine. It was bred in 1982 by Norbert Becker at the viticultural institute in Freiburg, Germany as part of a programme searching for disease-resistant grape varieties...

  • Cayuga White
    Cayuga White
    Cayuga White is a wine grape was developed from crosses of the hybrids Schuyler and Seyval Blanc done at Cornell University's New York State Agricultural Experiment Station in Geneva, New York. It is a hardy vine with some bunch-rot disease resistance. It should be picked at low sugars to avoid...

  • Chambourcin
    Chambourcin
    Chambourcin is a French-American interspecific hybrid grape variety used for making wine. Its parentage is uncertain. The hybrid was produced by Joannes Seyve who often used Seibel hybrids produced in the 1860s. The grape has only been available since 1963. Chambourcin has a good resistance to...

  • Chancellor
    Chancellor (grape)
    Chancellor is a hybrid wine grape variety produced by Albert Seibel circa 1860. It is also known as Seibel 7053 and is a cross of Seibel 5163 and Seibel 880.The grape produces a fruity red wine. It is susceptible to both downy and powdery mildew.-Synonyms:...

  • Chardonel
    Chardonel
    Chardonel is a late ripening white wine hybrid grape which can produce a high quality wine with varietal character. It is a result of a cross made by the New York State Agricultural Experiment Station of the popular French American hybrid Seyval and the classic vitis vinifera Chardonnay...

  • Chelois
    Chelois
    Chelois is a variety of hybrid grape used in the production of red wines. The fruit are small blue-black berries, which appear in compact, medium-sized clusters. "Chelois" is among the "less hardy" hybrids of red-wine grapes....

  • Corot noir
    Corot noir
    Corot noir is a Hybrid grape variety for use in red wine production. It was developed by grape breeder Bruce Reisch at the Cornell University New York State Agricultural Experiment Station and released on July 7, 2006....

  • Couderc Noir
    Couderc noir
    Couderc noir is a red wine hybrid grape that was formerly grown primarily in southwestern France and around the Gard département. The vine produces high yields and ripens late, creating a wine that is deeply colored with a distinct, earthy flavor. The grape is normally used for mass commercial and...

  • De Chaunac
    De Chaunac
    De Chaunac is a French-American hybrid wine grape variety used to make red wines. It was developed by Albert Seibel circa 1860. It is also known as Seibel 9549 and is a cross of Seibel 5163 and possibly Seibel 793...

  • Edelweiss
    Edelweiss (grape)
    Edelweiss is a very winter-hardy wine grape variety derived from crossing the Minnesota 78 and Ontario grapes. It was developed by Elmer Swenson in 1980 in cooperation with the University of Minnesota. The clusters are large and rather loose, weighing a pound or more. Early picking of the grape...

  • Elvira
  • Esprit
  • Flora (grape)
    Flora (grape)
    Flora is the name of two unrelated varieties of grape, one white and one red, both of United States origin.- White Flora :The white Flora is a California wine grape. It is a crossing of Semillon and Gewürztraminer, both Vitis vinifera varieties, and it was created in 1938 by Harold P...

     (red variety)
  • Frontenac

  • Goethe
    Goethe (grape)
    Goethe is one of the collection of grape varieties known as Rogers' Hybrids, created by E.S. Rogers in the mid-19th century, and is the result of a cross of Carter, a selection of Vitis labrusca, and Black Hamburg , a selection of Vitis vinifera. It was originally known as Rogers No...

  • Herbert
    Herbert (grape)
    Herbert is one of the collection of grape varieties known as Rogers' Hybrids, created by E.S. Rogers in the mid-19th century, and is the result of a cross of Carter, a selection of Vitis labrusca, and Black Hamburg , a selection of Vitis vinifera. It was originally known as Rogers No...

  • Kay Gray
    Kay Gray
    Kay Gray was developed by the Wisconsin grape breeder Elmer Swenson circa 1980 and is named after a family friend. It is a seedling of Swenson's own ES 217 . Swenson collected open-pollinated seeds from this vine, and one seedling eventually became Kay Gray...

  • L'Acadie
  • L'Ambertille
  • La Crescent
  • La Crosse
    La Crosse (grape)
    La Crosse is a modern hybrid cultivar of wine grape, mostly grown in North America. It produces grapes suitable for making fruity white wines similar to Riesling or as a base for blended wines. The grapes also make a good seeded table grape for eating. It has the benefits of early ripening and when...

  • Léon Millot
    Léon Millot
    Léon Millot is a red variety of hybrid grape used for wine. It was created in 1911 in the Oberlin Institute in Colmar, Alsace, by the French viticulturist Eugène Kuhlmann by crossing the hybrid grape Millardet et Grasset 101-14 O.P. with Goldriesling, which is Vitis vinifera...

  • Louise Swenson
  • Luci Kuhlmann
  • Marechal Foch
    Marechal Foch
    Marechal Foch , is an inter-specific hybrid red wine grape variety. It was named after the French marshal Ferdinand Foch , who played an important role in the negotiation of the armistice terms during the closing of the First World War. It was developed in Alsace, France by grape hybridizer...

  • Marquette
    Marquette (grape)
    Marquette is an inter-specific hybrid red wine grape variety. It was developed at the University of Minnesota, and is a cross between two other hybrids, MN 1094 and Ravat 262....

  • Massasoit
    Massasoit (grape)
    Massasoit is one of the collection of hybrid grape varieties known as Rogers' Hybrids, created by E.S. Rogers in the mid-19th century, and is the result of a cross of Carter, a selection of Vitis labrusca, and Black Hamburg , a selection of Vitis vinifera...

  • Melody
    Melody (grape)
    Melody is a hybrid white wine grape variety produced from a cross of Seyval Blanc and a grape called Geneva White 5, which is itself a cross between Pinot Blanc and Ontario...

  • Merzling
    Merzling
    Merzling is a white grape variety used for wine. It was bred in 1960 by Johannes Zimmermann at the viticultural institute in Freiburg, Germany by crossing Seyve-Villard 5276 with the cross Riesling x Pinot Gris....

  • Noiret
    Noiret
    Noiret is a hybrid grape variety for use in red wine production. It was developed and named by Cornell University researchers working at the New York State Agricultural Experiment Station, and was officially released on July 7, 2006.-Description:...

  • Onaka
    Onaka (grape)
    Onaka is one of a number of hardy hybrid grape cultivars produced by the prolific breeder Nels Hansen at South Dakota State University. It is a product of a cross of Beta and Salem...

  • Orion
    Orion (grape)
    Orion is a white wine grape variety of German origin. It was created by Dr. Gerhardt Alleweldt at the Geilweilerhof Institute for Grape Breeding in Siebeldingen in 1964, by crossing the Vitis vinifera variety Optima with the hybrid grape Villard Blanc...

  • Phoenix
    Phoenix (grape)
    Phoenix is a white variety of grape of German origin used for wine. It was created by Dr. Gerhardt Alleweldt at the Geilweilerhof Institute for Grape Breeding in Siebeldingen in 1964, by crossing the Vitis vinifera variety Bacchus with the hybrid grape Villard Blanc.In 2008, there were of Phoenix...

  • Plantet
    Plantet
    Plantet is a red wine grape variety that was one of the hybrid grape created by French physician and grape breeder Albert Seibel. While the exact parentage of the grape is unknown, the most popular theories has it as a cross of two Seibel grapes, Seibel 867 x Seibel 2524 with another theory...


  • Prairie Star
  • Ravat
    Ravat
    Ravat is a town in the Batken Province of Kyrgyzstan.Nearby towns and villages include Shadymyr and Katran .- External links :* *...

  • Rayon d'Or
  • Regent
    Regent (grape)
    Regent is a dark-skinned inter-specific hybrid grape variety, used for making wine. It has both European and American vine species in its pedigree and a broad resistance against the most significant fungal diseases which affect grapes, such as downy mildew.Regent was created in 1967 by Professor...

  • Requa
    Requa (grape)
    Requa is one of the lesser known members of the collection of grape varieties known as Rogers' Hybrids, created by E.S. Rogers in the mid-19th century, and is the result of a cross of Carter, a selection of Vitis labrusca, and Black Hamburg , a selection of Vitis vinifera...

  • Rondo
  • Rosette
    Rosette (grape)
    Rosette or Seibel 1000 is a wine hybrid grape red-berries variety which originated with the work of Albert Seibel by a crossing of Jaeger 70 with Vitis vinifera. Rosette is also the common ancestor of St. Pepin and La Crosse grapes. Rosette is used to produce rosé wine....

  • Rougeon
  • St. Croix
  • St. Pepin
    St. Pepin (grape)
    St. Pepin is a modern hybrid variety of wine grape, mostly grown in North America. It produces grapes suitable for making fruity white wines similar to Riesling or as a base for blended wines. The grapes also make a good seeded table grape for eating. It has the benefits of early ripening and when...

  • Severny
    Severny (grape)
    Severny is the name of a Russian red-grape varietal. Severny results from the interspecifc crossing between Seianetze Malengra and Vitis amurensis. The hybrid has been obtained in the Institute for wineyard researches in Rostov-on-Don in Russia...

  • Seyval Blanc
    Seyval Blanc
    Seyval Blanc is a hybrid wine grape variety used to make white wines. Its vines ripen early, are productive and are suited to fairly cool climates.Seyval Blanc is grown mainly in England, and the Finger Lakes region of upstate New York, as well as to a lesser extent in Canada...

  • Solaris
    Solaris (grape)
    Solaris is a variety of grape used for white wine. It was created in 1975 at the grape breeding institute in Freiburg, Germany by Norbert Becker.- Pedigree :...

  • Sovereign Opal
  • Traminette
    Traminette
    Traminette is a cross of the French American hybrid Joannes Seyve 23.416 and the German Vitis vinifera cultivar Gewürztraminer made by Herb C. Barrett ca. 1965 at the University of Illinois, Urbana/Champaign. His intention was to produce a large clustered table grape with the flavor of...

  • Triomphe d'Alsace
    Triomphe d'Alsace
    Triomphe d'Alsace is a black grape variety of Franco-German origin, commonly grown in the United Kingdom.-Origin and History:Triomphe d'Alsace was produced by Eugène Kuhlmann from about 1911 at the Institut Viticole Oberlin at Colmar in Alsace, then a part of Germany...

  • Valvin Muscat
    Valvin muscat
    Valvin muscat is a hybrid grape variety for use in white wine production. It was developed by grape breeder Bruce Reisch at the Cornell University New York State Agricultural Experiment Station and released on July 7, 2006....

  • Vidal Blanc
    Vidal Blanc
    Vidal Blanc is an inter-specific hybrid variety of white wine grape, a cross of Ugni Blanc and Rayon d'Or . It manages to produce high sugar levels in cold climates while maintaining good acid levels....

  • Vignoles / Ravat 51
  • Villard Blanc
  • Villard Noir
    Villard Noir
    Villard grapes are French wine hybrid grape created by French horticulturalist Bertille Seyve and his father-in-law Victor Villard . They include the dark skin Villard noir and the white-wine variety Villard blanc with both being members of the Seyve-Villard grape family...



Vinifera hybrids (table)

  • Kyoho
    Kyoho grape
    thumb|right|250px|Kyoho grapes are a Concord-like cross between Ishihara and Centennial grape varieties. Like Concord, Kyoho is a slip-skin variety, meaning that the skin is easily separated from the fruit. Kyoho grapes are blackish-purple, or almost black, with large seeds...

    , Vitis vinifera
    Vitis vinifera
    Vitis vinifera is a species of Vitis, native to the Mediterranean region, central Europe, and southwestern Asia, from Morocco and Portugal north to southern Germany and east to northern Iran....

    x Vitis labrusca
    Vitis labrusca
    Vitis labrusca is a species of grapevines belonging to the Vitis genus in the flowering plant family Vitaceae. The vines are native to the eastern United States and are the source of many grape cultivars, including Catawba and Concord grapes, and many hybrid grape varieties such as Agawam,...

  • Thomcord, Vitis vinifera x Vitis labrusca
  • Honey Red

Non-vinifera hybrids (table and wine)

  • Beta
    Beta (grape)
    Beta is a winter-hardy variety of North American grape derived from a cross of the Vitis labrusca-based cultivar Concord and a selection of Vitis riparia, the wild riverbank grape, called Carver). It is an extremely cold-hardy grape that is self-fertile. This variety is grown successfully in...

    , Vitis labrusca
    Vitis labrusca
    Vitis labrusca is a species of grapevines belonging to the Vitis genus in the flowering plant family Vitaceae. The vines are native to the eastern United States and are the source of many grape cultivars, including Catawba and Concord grapes, and many hybrid grape varieties such as Agawam,...

    X Vitis riparia
    Vitis riparia
    Vitis riparia Michx, also commonly known as River Bank Grape or Frost Grape, is a native American climbing or trailing vine, widely distributed from Quebec to Texas, and Montana to New England. It is long-lived and capable of reaching into the upper canopy of the tallest trees...

  • Clinton
    Clinton (grape)
    Clinton is a red variety of hybrid grape. Its phylloxera resistance led to its being planted in small amounts in the eastern Alps, although it imparts a pronounced foxiness and dark red colour to wine made from its juice.-History:...

    , Vitis labrusca
    Vitis labrusca
    Vitis labrusca is a species of grapevines belonging to the Vitis genus in the flowering plant family Vitaceae. The vines are native to the eastern United States and are the source of many grape cultivars, including Catawba and Concord grapes, and many hybrid grape varieties such as Agawam,...

    X Vitis riparia
    Vitis riparia
    Vitis riparia Michx, also commonly known as River Bank Grape or Frost Grape, is a native American climbing or trailing vine, widely distributed from Quebec to Texas, and Montana to New England. It is long-lived and capable of reaching into the upper canopy of the tallest trees...

  • Jaeger 70
    Jaeger 70
    Jaeger 70 is a hybrid of two American species of grape, Vitis lincecumii and Vitis rupestris. It was developed by Hermann Jaeger, of Missouri, who named it Munson after his friend and fellow grape breeder, T.V. Munson, however it is the selection number that has made it into common usage...

    , Vitis aestivalis
    Vitis aestivalis
    Vitis aestivalis is a species of grape native to eastern North America from southern Ontario east to Vermont, west to Oklahoma, and south to Florida and Texas. It is a vigorous vine, growing to 10 m or more high in trees...

    and Vitis rupestris
    Vitis rupestris
    Vitis rupestris is a kind of grape native to the Southern and Western United States that is known by many common names including July, sand, sugar, beach, bush, currant, ingar, rock, and mountain grape. It is used for breeding several French-American hybrids as well as many root stocks. ...

  • Minnesota 78
    Minnesota 78
    Minnesota 78 is an old selection of grapevine, developed at the University of Minnesota, United States. It was extensively used in breeding by Elmer Swenson, with its Vitis riparia background providing a degree of adaptation to the harsh climate of the upper Midwest.Although recorded as a cross of...

    , Vitis labrusca
    Vitis labrusca
    Vitis labrusca is a species of grapevines belonging to the Vitis genus in the flowering plant family Vitaceae. The vines are native to the eastern United States and are the source of many grape cultivars, including Catawba and Concord grapes, and many hybrid grape varieties such as Agawam,...

    X Vitis riparia
    Vitis riparia
    Vitis riparia Michx, also commonly known as River Bank Grape or Frost Grape, is a native American climbing or trailing vine, widely distributed from Quebec to Texas, and Montana to New England. It is long-lived and capable of reaching into the upper canopy of the tallest trees...

    X possibly Vitis vinifera
    Vitis vinifera
    Vitis vinifera is a species of Vitis, native to the Mediterranean region, central Europe, and southwestern Asia, from Morocco and Portugal north to southern Germany and east to northern Iran....


Non-vinifera hybrids (rootstock)

  • SO4, Vitis berlandieri
    Vitis berlandieri
    Vitis berlandieri is a species of grape native to the southern North America, primarily Texas, New Mexico and Arkansas.It is primarily known for good tolerance against soils with a high content of lime, which can cause chlorosis in many vines of American origin...

    Planch. X V. riparia Michx.
  • 5BB, Vitis berlandieri Planch. X V. riparia Michx.
  • 5C, Vitis berlandieri Planch. X V. riparia Michx.
  • 110R, V. berlandieri x V. rupestris
  • 1616 Couderc, Vitis solonis x V. riparia
  • Harmony, ((V. riparia x V. labrusca) x V. vinifera) x Vitis champinii
  • 8909-05, Vitis rupestris ‘A. de Serres’ x Vitis rotundifolia ‘Cowart’
  • 3309 C, V. riparia x V. rupestris

External links