List of deities

List of deities

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This is an index to polytheistic deities
Deity
A deity is a recognized preternatural or supernatural immortal being, who may be thought of as holy, divine, or sacred, held in high regard, and respected by believers....

 of the different religions, cultures and mythologies of the world, listed by type and by region. This is not a list of names or epithets of God in monotheistic religions, for which see Names of God
Names of God
Names of God, or Holy Names, describe a form of addressing God present in liturgy or prayer of various world religions. Prayer involving the Holy Name or the Name of God has become established as common spiritual practice in both Western and Eastern spiritual practices...

. For deified individuals see List of people who have been considered deities, Apotheosis
Apotheosis
Apotheosis is the glorification of a subject to divine level. The term has meanings in theology, where it refers to a belief, and in art, where it refers to a genre.In theology, the term apotheosis refers to the idea that an individual has been raised to godlike stature...

, Imperial cult
Imperial cult
An imperial cult is a form of state religion in which an emperor, or a dynasty of emperors , are worshipped as messiahs, demigods or deities. "Cult" here is used to mean "worship", not in the modern pejorative sense...

. For deities whose cult is fictional see List of deities in fiction.

Celestial
Celestial
- Science :* Sky objects, bodies and the following astronomy terms:** Astronomical objects, see for detailed description of celestial bodies and objects** Celestia, a 3D astronomy program that allows users to travel through the universe...

, Cosmological
Religious cosmology
A Religious cosmology is a way of explaining the origin, the history and the evolution of the universe based on the religious mythology of a specific tradition...


  • Creator
    Creator deity
    A creator deity is a deity responsible for the creation of the world . In monotheism, the single God is often also the creator deity, while polytheistic traditions may or may not have creator deities...

  • Moon
    Lunar deity
    In mythology, a lunar deity is a god or goddess associated with or symbolizing the moon. These deities can have a variety of functions and traditions depending upon the culture, but they are often related to or an enemy of the solar deity. Even though they may be related, they are distinct from the...

  • Sky
  • Sun
  • Time
    Time and fate deities
    Time and fate deities are personifications of time, often in the sense of human lifetime and human fate, in polytheistic religions.In monotheism, Time can still be personified, as in Father Time in European folklore, or Zurvan in Persian tradition.In the book of Ecclesiastes in the Hebrew Bible,...

  • Weather, rain, thunder, lightning
    Weather god
    A weather god is a deity in mythology associated with weather phenomena such as thunder, lightning, rain and wind. They feature commonly in polytheistic religions, frequently as the head of the pantheon....


Chthonic
Chthonic
Chthonic designates, or pertains to, deities or spirits of the underworld, especially in relation to Greek religion. The Greek word khthon is one of several for "earth"; it typically refers to the interior of the soil, rather than the living surface of the land or the land as territory...

  • Earth
  • Night
  • Ocean, water
    Water deity
    A water deity is a deity in mythology associated with water or various bodies of water. Water deities are common in mythology and were usually more important among civilizations in which the sea or ocean, or a great river was more important...


Human sphere

  • Death
    Death deity
    Deities associated with death take many different forms, depending on the specific culture and religion being referenced. Psychopomps, deities of the underworld, and resurrection deities are commonly called death deities in comparative religions texts...

  • Father, Mother
    Mother goddess
    Mother goddess is a term used to refer to a goddess who represents motherhood, fertility, creation or embodies the bounty of the Earth. When equated with the Earth or the natural world such goddesses are sometimes referred to as Mother Earth or as the Earth Mother.Many different goddesses have...

  • Fate
    Time and fate deities
    Time and fate deities are personifications of time, often in the sense of human lifetime and human fate, in polytheistic religions.In monotheism, Time can still be personified, as in Father Time in European folklore, or Zurvan in Persian tradition.In the book of Ecclesiastes in the Hebrew Bible,...

  • Fertility, love, lust
  • Health, healing, medicine
  • Household, hearth
    Household deity
    A household deity is a deity or spirit that protects the home, looking after the entire household or certain key members. It has been a common belief in pagan religions as well as in folklore across many parts of the world....

  • Hunting
    Hunting god
    A hunting god is a deity in mythology associated with the hunting of animals and the skills and equipment involved. They are a common feature of polytheistic religions.-African mythology:...

  • Knowledge or wisdom
    Knowledge deity
    A knowledge deity is a deity in mythology associated with knowledge, wisdom, or intelligence.-Australian Aboriginal mythology:* Jar'Edo Wens, deity associated with earthly knowledge and physical might-Celtic mythology:...

  • Thresholds, doorways
    Liminal deity
    A liminal deity is a god or goddess in mythology who presides over thresholds, gates, or doorways; "a crosser of boundaries".-Etymology:The word "liminal", first attested to in English in 1884, comes from the Latin word "limen", meaning "threshold"...

  • Trickster
    Trickster
    In mythology, and in the study of folklore and religion, a trickster is a god, goddess, spirit, man, woman, or anthropomorphic animal who plays tricks or otherwise disobeys normal rules and conventional behavior. It is suggested by Hansen that the term "Trickster" was probably first used in this...

  • War

Demigod
Demigod
The term "demigod" , meaning "half-god", is commonly used to describe mythological figures whose one parent was a god and whose other parent was human; as such, demigods are human-god hybrids...

s, Deified Heroes

  • Culture hero
    Culture hero
    A culture hero is a mythological hero specific to some group who changes the world through invention or discovery...

    es
  • Imperial cult
    Imperial cult
    An imperial cult is a form of state religion in which an emperor, or a dynasty of emperors , are worshipped as messiahs, demigods or deities. "Cult" here is used to mean "worship", not in the modern pejorative sense...

  • Sacred king
    Sacred king
    In many historical societies, the position of kingship carries a sacral meaning, that is, it is identical with that of a high priest and of judge. The concept of theocracy is related, although a sacred king need not necessarily rule through his religious authority; rather, the temporal position...


Near East and North Africa


  • Ancient Near East
    • Ancient Egyptian deities
    • Mesopotamian deities
    • Semitic gods: see El (god)
      El (god)
      is a Northwest Semitic word meaning "deity", cognate to Akkadian and then to Hebrew : Eli and Arabic )....

      , Elohim
      Elohim
      Elohim is a grammatically singular or plural noun for "god" or "gods" in both modern and ancient Hebrew language. When used with singular verbs and adjectives elohim is usually singular, "god" or especially, the God. When used with plural verbs and adjectives elohim is usually plural, "gods" or...

    • Anatolia
      Anatolia
      Anatolia is a geographic and historical term denoting the westernmost protrusion of Asia, comprising the majority of the Republic of Turkey...

      • Hittite deities
      • Hurrian deities
      • Lydian deities
    • Caucasus
      Caucasus
      The Caucasus, also Caucas or Caucasia , is a geopolitical region at the border of Europe and Asia, and situated between the Black and the Caspian sea...

      • Armenian deities
      • Ossetian deities
    • Persia: see Yazata
      Yazata
      Yazata is the Avestan language word for a Zoroastrian concept. The word has a wide range of meanings but generally signifies a divinity...

      , see also Proto-Indo-Iranian religion
  • North Africa
    North Africa
    North Africa or Northern Africa is the northernmost region of the African continent, linked by the Sahara to Sub-Saharan Africa. Geopolitically, the United Nations definition of Northern Africa includes eight countries or territories; Algeria, Egypt, Libya, Morocco, South Sudan, Sudan, Tunisia, and...

    : Berber pantheon
  • Pre-Islamic Arabian Deities (see Arabian mythology
    Arabian mythology
    Arabian mythology comprises the ancient, pre-Islamic beliefs of the Arabs. Prior to Islam the Kaaba of Mecca was covered in symbols representing the myriad demons, djinn, demigods, or simply tribal gods and other assorted deities which represented the polytheistic culture of pre-Islamic Arabia...

    )

Central / Northern Asia

  • Siberian
    • Raven God of Kamchatka and Chukotka
      Kutkh
      Kutkh , is a Raven spirit traditionally revered in various forms by various indigenous peoples of the Russian Far East. Kutkh appears in many legends: as a key figure in creation, as a fertile ancestor of mankind, as a mighty shaman and as a trickster...

  • Turco-Mongol
    • Tengri
      Tengri
      Tengri or Tengger Tengri or Tengger Tengri or Tengger (Old Turkic: ; Mongolian: Тэнгэр, Tenger; Chinese: 腾格里, Mandarin: Ténggélǐ, Hungarian: Tengri, Turkish: Tanrı, Bulgarian: Tangra (Тангра) is a sky god, formerly the chief deity of the early Turkic peoples, including the Xiongnu, Huns, Bulgars,...


East Asia


India / South Asia


    • Hindu deities
      Hindu deities
      Within Hinduism a large number of personal gods are worshipped as murtis. These beings are either aspects of the supreme Brahman, Avatars of the supreme being, or significantly powerful entities known as devas. The exact nature of belief in regards to each deity varies between differing Hindu...

      • Rigvedic deities
        Rigvedic deities
        There are 1028 hymns in the Rigveda, most of them dedicated to specific deities.Indra, a heroic god, slayer of Vrtra and destroyer of the Vala, liberator of the cows and the rivers; Agni the sacrificial fire and messenger of the gods; and Soma the ritual drink dedicated to Indra are the most...

         (see also Proto-Indo-Iranian religion)
  • Southeast Asia
    Southeast Asia
    Southeast Asia, South-East Asia, South East Asia or Southeastern Asia is a subregion of Asia, consisting of the countries that are geographically south of China, east of India, west of New Guinea and north of Australia. The region lies on the intersection of geological plates, with heavy seismic...

    • Deities of Philippine Mythology
      Deities of Philippine mythology
      The deities of Philippine mythology are the gods, goddesses and diwatas worshiped by ancient Filipinos before the Christianization of the natives after the Spanish conquest of the Philippines...

    • Malaysian Chinese Gods

Europe
Europe
Europe is, by convention, one of the world's seven continents. Comprising the westernmost peninsula of Eurasia, Europe is generally 'divided' from Asia to its east by the watershed divides of the Ural and Caucasus Mountains, the Ural River, the Caspian and Black Seas, and the waterways connecting...

  • Baltic deities
  • Celtic deities
  • Etruscan deities
  • Finnic deities
  • Germanic deities
    • Anglo-Saxon deities
      Anglo-Saxon deities
      Anglo-Saxon deities refers to the gods and goddesses worshipped in the religion of Anglo-Saxon paganism, by the Anglo-Saxons, a group of Germanic tribes who settled in modern day England in the 5th century....

    • List of Norse gods and goddesses
  • Greek pantheon  (see also List of Greek mythological figures, Twelve Olympians
    Twelve Olympians
    The Twelve Olympians, also known as the Dodekatheon , in Greek mythology, were the principal deities of the Greek pantheon, residing atop Mount Olympus. Zeus, Hera, Poseidon, Demeter, Hestia, and Hades were siblings. Ares, Hermes, Hephaestus, Athena, Apollo, and Artemis were children of Zeus...

    , Greek hero cult
    Greek hero cult
    Hero cults were one of the most distinctive features of ancient Greek religion. In Homeric Greek, "hero" refers to a man who was fighting on either side during the Trojan War...

    , Family tree of the Greek gods
    Family tree of the Greek gods
    Key: The essential Olympians' names are given in bold font.Key: The Names marked in green are the titans...

    )
  • Hungarian deities
  • List of Roman deities
  • Lusitani deities
  • Paleo-Balkanic deities (Thracian/Dacian/Illyrian)
  • Sami deities
  • Slavic deities

Sub-Saharan Africa
Sub-Saharan Africa
Sub-Saharan Africa as a geographical term refers to the area of the African continent which lies south of the Sahara. A political definition of Sub-Saharan Africa, instead, covers all African countries which are fully or partially located south of the Sahara...



  • African deities
    • Alusi
      Alusi
      Alusi, also known as Arusi or Arushi, are deities that are worshiped and served in the religion of the Igbo people. There are a list of many different Alusi and each has its own purpose...

    • Guanche deities
    • Yoruba deities
  • Afro-American religion
    Afro-American religion
    Afro-American religions are a number of related religions that developed in the Americas among African slaves and their descendants in various countries of Latin America, the Caribbean, and parts of the southern United States...

    • Loa
      Loa
      The Loa are the spirits of the voodoo religion practiced in Louisiana, Haiti, Benin, and other parts of the world. They are also referred to as Mystères and the Invisibles, in which are intermediaries between Bondye —the Creator, who is distant from the world—and humanity...

    • Orisha
      Orisha
      An Orisha is a spirit or deity that reflects one of the manifestations of Olodumare in the Yoruba spiritual or religious system....


Americas
Americas
The Americas, or America , are lands in the Western hemisphere, also known as the New World. In English, the plural form the Americas is often used to refer to the landmasses of North America and South America with their associated islands and regions, while the singular form America is primarily...

  • Mesoamerica
    Mesoamerica
    Mesoamerica is a region and culture area in the Americas, extending approximately from central Mexico to Belize, Guatemala, El Salvador, Honduras, Nicaragua, and Costa Rica, within which a number of pre-Columbian societies flourished before the Spanish colonization of the Americas in the 15th and...

    • Aztec deities
    • Maya deities
  • North America
    North America
    North America is a continent wholly within the Northern Hemisphere and almost wholly within the Western Hemisphere. It is also considered a northern subcontinent of the Americas...

    • Inuit deities
    • Native American deities
      Native American deities
      - Abenaki :*Azeban - trickster*Bmola - bird spirit*Gluskab - kind protector of humanity*Malsumis - cruel, evil god*Tabaldak - the creator- Haida :*Gyhldeptis*Lagua*Nankil'slas*Sin*Ta'xet*Tia- Hopi :* Aholi* Angwusnasomtaka* Kokopelli* Koyangwuti...

  • South America
    South America
    South America is a continent situated in the Western Hemisphere, mostly in the Southern Hemisphere, with a relatively small portion in the Northern Hemisphere. The continent is also considered a subcontinent of the Americas. It is bordered on the west by the Pacific Ocean and on the north and east...

    • Incan deities
    • Guarani
      Guaraní mythology
      The Guaraní people live in south-central part of South America, especially in Paraguay and parts of the surrounding areas of Argentina, Brazil, and Bolivia.-Overview:There exist no written records of the ancient myths and legends associated with the Guaraní people...

    • Mapuche
      Mapuche mythology
      The beliefs of the Mapuche and their mythology, stories about to the world and creatures born of the extensive and old religious beliefs, next to a series of common legend and myths that belong to the different groups that compose the Mapuche ethnic group .-Description:In the mythology and beliefs...


Australia
Australia
Australia , officially the Commonwealth of Australia, is a country in the Southern Hemisphere comprising the mainland of the Australian continent, the island of Tasmania, and numerous smaller islands in the Indian and Pacific Oceans. It is the world's sixth-largest country by total area...

-Oceania
Oceania
Oceania is a region centered on the islands of the tropical Pacific Ocean. Conceptions of what constitutes Oceania range from the coral atolls and volcanic islands of the South Pacific to the entire insular region between Asia and the Americas, including Australasia and the Malay Archipelago...

  • Australian Aboriginal deities
  • Māori deities
  • Polynesian deities
    Polynesian mythology
    Polynesian mythology is the oral traditions of the people of Polynesia, a grouping of Central and South Pacific Ocean island archipelagos in the Polynesian triangle together with the scattered cultures known as the Polynesian outliers...

  • Rapa Nui deities
    Rapa Nui mythology
    The Rapa Nui mythology, also known as Pascuense mythology or Easter Island mythology, is the name given to the myths, legends and beliefs of the native Rapanui people of the island of Rapa Nui , located in the south eastern Pacific Ocean, almost four thousand kilometers from continental...

     (Easter Island)

Syncretic mythologies

  • List of Theosophical/Ascended Master Teachings deities
    Spiritual Hierarchy
    Spiritual Hierarchy is a term often used in Neo-Theosophy, and the Ascended Master Teachings, a group of religions based on Theosophy. It represents the concept of a group of self-realised Masters of the Ancient Wisdom, referred to by those adherent to the Ascended Master Teachings as Ascended...


See also

  • Demigod
    Demigod
    The term "demigod" , meaning "half-god", is commonly used to describe mythological figures whose one parent was a god and whose other parent was human; as such, demigods are human-god hybrids...

  • Divinity
    Divinity
    Divinity and divine are broadly applied but loosely defined terms, used variously within different faiths and belief systems — and even by different individuals within a given faith — to refer to some transcendent or transcendental power or deity, or its attributes or manifestations in...

  • God (male deity)
    God (male deity)
    A god, as a male deity, contrasts with female deities, or "goddesses". While the term 'goddess' specifically refers to a female deity, the plural 'gods' can be applied to all gods collectively, regardless of gender....

  • Goddess
    Goddess
    A goddess is a female deity. In some cultures goddesses are associated with Earth, motherhood, love, and the household. In other cultures, goddesses also rule over war, death, and destruction as well as healing....

  • List of deities in fiction
  • List of folklores
  • List of legendary creatures by type
  • List of mythologies
  • List of people who have been considered deities
  • Names of God
    Names of God
    Names of God, or Holy Names, describe a form of addressing God present in liturgy or prayer of various world religions. Prayer involving the Holy Name or the Name of God has become established as common spiritual practice in both Western and Eastern spiritual practices...

  • Pantheon (gods)
    Pantheon (gods)
    A pantheon is a set of all the gods of a particular polytheistic religion or mythology.Max Weber's 1922 opus, Economy and Society discusses the link between a...

  • Spiritual Hierarchy (Theosophy)
    Spiritual Hierarchy
    Spiritual Hierarchy is a term often used in Neo-Theosophy, and the Ascended Master Teachings, a group of religions based on Theosophy. It represents the concept of a group of self-realised Masters of the Ancient Wisdom, referred to by those adherent to the Ascended Master Teachings as Ascended...