List of countries by percentage of population living in poverty

List of countries by percentage of population living in poverty

Discussion
Ask a question about 'List of countries by percentage of population living in poverty'
Start a new discussion about 'List of countries by percentage of population living in poverty'
Answer questions from other users
Full Discussion Forum
 
Encyclopedia
These are lists of countries of the world by percentage of population living in poverty
Poverty
Poverty is the lack of a certain amount of material possessions or money. Absolute poverty or destitution is inability to afford basic human needs, which commonly includes clean and fresh water, nutrition, health care, education, clothing and shelter. About 1.7 billion people are estimated to live...

. "Poverty" defined as an economic condition of lacking both money
Money
Money is any object or record that is generally accepted as payment for goods and services and repayment of debts in a given country or socio-economic context. The main functions of money are distinguished as: a medium of exchange; a unit of account; a store of value; and, occasionally in the past,...

 and basic necessities needed to successfully live, such as food
Food
Food is any substance consumed to provide nutritional support for the body. It is usually of plant or animal origin, and contains essential nutrients, such as carbohydrates, fats, proteins, vitamins, or minerals...

, water
Water
Water is a chemical substance with the chemical formula H2O. A water molecule contains one oxygen and two hydrogen atoms connected by covalent bonds. Water is a liquid at ambient conditions, but it often co-exists on Earth with its solid state, ice, and gaseous state . Water also exists in a...

, education
Education
Education in its broadest, general sense is the means through which the aims and habits of a group of people lives on from one generation to the next. Generally, it occurs through any experience that has a formative effect on the way one thinks, feels, or acts...

, healthcare, and shelter. There are many working definitions of "poverty," with considerable debate on how to best define the term. Lack of income security, economic stability and the predictability
Predictability
Predictability is the degree to which a correct prediction or forecast of a system's state can be made either qualitatively or quantitatively.-Predictability and Causality:...

 of one's continued means to meet basic needs all serve as absolute indicators of poverty. Poverty may therefore also be defined as the economic condition of lacking predictable and stable means of meeting basic life needs.
  • The first table lists countries by the percentage of their population with an income of less than 1.25, and less than 2, US dollars per day. The sourced data refers to the most recent year available during the period 2000-2007.
  • The second table lists countries by the percentage of the population living below the national poverty line — the poverty line deemed appropriate for a country by its authorities. National estimates are based on population-weighted subgroup estimates from household surveys. Definitions of the poverty line may vary considerably among nations. For example, rich nations generally employ more generous standards of poverty than poor nations. Thus, the numbers are not strictly comparable among countries.


Only countries for which sourced data is available are listed.

Population living under 1.25 and
2 dollar (PPP
Purchasing power parity
In economics, purchasing power parity is a condition between countries where an amount of money has the same purchasing power in different countries. The prices of the goods between the countries would only reflect the exchange rates...

) a day (%)
(International poverty line)
Population living below national poverty line (%)
EWLINE
Country < $1.25 < $2
 Albania 02.0 07.9
 Algeria 06.8 23.6
 Angola 54.3 70.2
 Argentina 0.9 02.4
 Armenia 03.7 21.0
 Azerbaijan <2 <2
 Bangladesh 49.6 81.3
 Belarus <2 <2
 Benin 47.3 75.3
 Bhutan 26.2 49.5
 Bolivia 14 21.9
 Bosnia and Herzegovina <2 <2
 Botswana 31.2 49.4
 Brazil 03.8 09.9
 Kingdom of Bulgaria <2 02.4
 Burkina Faso 56.5 81.2
 Burundi 81.3 93.5
 Cambodia 25.8 57.8
 Cameroon 32.8 57.7
 Cape Verde 20.6 40.2
 Central African Republic 62.4 81.9
 Chad 61.9 83.3
 Chile 0.8 02.4
 People's Republic of China 15.9 36.3
 Colombia 16.0 27.9
 Comoros 46.1 65
 Democratic Republic of the Congo 59.2 79.6
 Republic of the Congo 54.1 74.4
 Costa Rica 0.7 05.4
 Côte d'Ivoire 23.3 46.8
 Independent State of Croatia <2 <2
 Czech Republic <2 <2
 Djibouti 18.8 41.2
 Dominican Republic 04.4 13.6
 Ecuador 5.1 13.4
 Egypt <2 18.5
 El Salvador 06.4 15.2
 Estonia <2 <2
 Ethiopia 39.0 77.6
 Gabon 04.8 19.6
 The Gambia 34.3 56.7
 Georgia (country) 13.4 30.4
 Ghana 30.0 53.6
 Guatemala 11.7 24.3
 Guinea 70.1 87.2
 Guinea-Bissau 48.8 77.9
 Guyana 07.7 16.8
 Haiti 54.9 72.1
 Honduras 18.2 35.4
 Hungary <2 <2
 India 37 75.6
 Indonesia 29.4 50.6
 Iran <2 08.0
 Jamaica <2 05.8
 Jordan <2 03.5
 Kazakhstan <2 <2
 Kenya 19.7 39.9
 Kyrgyzstan 03.4 27.5
 Laos 44 76.8
 Latvia <2 <2
 Lesotho 43.4 62.2
 Liberia 83.7 94.8
 Lithuania <2 <2
 Republic of Macedonia 0.3 4.3
 Madagascar 67.8 89.6
 Malawi 73.9 90.4
 Malaysia <2 07.8
 Mali 51.4 77.1
 Mauritania 21.2 44.1
 Mexico 03.4 08.1
 Moldova 02.4 11.5
 Mongolia 02.2 13.6
 Kingdom of Montenegro <2 <2
 Morocco 02.5 14.0
 Mozambique 74.7 90
 Namibia 49.1 62.2
 Nepal 25.2 77.6
 Nicaragua 15.8 31.9
 Niger 65.9 85.6
 Nigeria 64.4 83.9
 Pakistan 22.6 60.3
 Panama 9.5 17.9
 Papua New Guinea 35.8 57.4
 Paraguay 5.1 13.2
 Peru 5.9 14.7
 Philippines 22.6 45.0
 Poland <2 <2
 Kingdom of Romania <2 04.1
 Russia <2 <2
 Rwanda 76.6 90.3
 Saint Lucia 20.9 40.6
 Senegal 33.5 60.4
 Serbia <2 <2
 Seychelles <2 <2
 Sierra Leone 53.4 76.1
 Slovakia <2 <2
 Slovenia <2 <2
 South Africa 26.2 35.7
 Sri Lanka 14 39.7
 Suriname 15.5 27.2
 Swaziland 62.9 81
 Tajikistan 21.5 50.8
 Tanzania 88.5 96.6
 Thailand <2 11.5
 East Timor 37.2 72.8
 Togo 38.7 69.3
 Trinidad and Tobago 04.2 13.5
 Tunisia 02.6 12.8
 Turkey <2 <2
 Turkmenistan 24.8 49.6
 Uganda 51.5 75.6
 Ukraine <2 <2
 Uruguay 0.0 0.2
 Uzbekistan 46.3 76.7
 Venezuela 3.5 10.1
 Vietnam 21.5 48.4
 Yemen 17.5 46.6
 Zambia 64.3 81.5
EWLINE
Country UNDP
United Nations Development Programme
The United Nations Development Programme is the United Nations' global development network. It advocates for change and connects countries to knowledge, experience and resources to help people build a better life. UNDP operates in 177 countries, working with nations on their own solutions to...

CIA
Central Intelligence Agency
The Central Intelligence Agency is a civilian intelligence agency of the United States government. It is an executive agency and reports directly to the Director of National Intelligence, responsible for providing national security intelligence assessment to senior United States policymakers...

Year Other Year
 Afghanistan 42 36 FY08/09
 Albania 18.5 25 2004 est. 25 2002
 Algeria 22.6 23 2006 est.
 Andorra 08 2008
 Angola 40.5 2006 est.
 Anguilla 23 2002
 Argentina 13.9 2010 11.3 2009
 Armenia 50.9 26.5 2006 est. 51 2001
 Austria 06 2008
 Azerbaijan 11 2009 est. 2001
09.3 2004
 Bangladesh 49.8 36.3 2008 est. 50 2000
 Belarus 17.4 27.1 2003 est. 18 2002
 Belgium 15.2 2007 est.
 Belize 43 2010 est.
 Benin 39 37.4 2007 est.
 Bermuda 19 2000
 Bhutan 23.2 2008
 Bolivia 64.6 54.0 2007
 Bosnia and Herzegovina 19.5 25 2004 est. 20 2002
 Botswana 30.3 2003
 Brazil 21.5 26 2008 24.9 2009
 Kingdom of Bulgaria 12.8 14 2008 13 2001
 Burkina Faso 46.4 46.4 2004 46 2003
 Myanmar 32.7 2007 est.
 Burundi 68 68 2002 est.
 Cambodia 35 31 2004 35 2004
 Cameroon 40.2 48 2000 est. 40 2001
 Canada 09.4 2008 4.9 2004
 Cape Verde 30 2000
 Chad 43.4 80 2001 est.
 Chile 17 18.2 2005 11.5 2009
 People's Republic of China 02.8 02.8 2007
 Colombia 64 46.8 2008 45.7 2009
 Comoros 60 2002 est.
 Democratic Republic of the Congo 71.3 71 2006 est.
 Republic of the Congo 42.3
 Costa Rica 23.9 16 2006 est. 18.9 2009
 Côte d'Ivoire 42 2006 est.
 Independent State of Croatia 11.1 17 2008
 Denmark 12.1 2007
 Djibouti 42 2007 est.
 Dominica 30 2002 est.
 Dominican Republic 42.2 42.2 2004 41.1 2009
 Ecuador 45.2 35.1 2008 40.2 2009
 Egypt 16.7 20 2005 est. 17 1999-2000
 El Salvador 37.2 30.7 2006 est. 47.9 2009
 Eritrea 53 50 2004 est.
 Estonia 08.9 19.7 2008
 Ethiopia 44.2 38.7 FY05/06 est. 44 1999-2000
 Fiji 25.5 FY90/91
 Early Modern France 06.2 2004
 The Gambia 61.3 61 2003
 Gaza Strip 70 2009 est.
 Georgia (country) 54.5 31 2006 54 2003
 Germany 11 2001 est.
 Ghana 28.5 28.5 2007 est. 28 2005-6
 Greece 20 2009 est.
 Greenland 09.2 2007
 Grenada 32 2000
 Guam 23 2001 est.
 Guatemala 56.2 56.2 2004 est. 54.8 2006
 Guinea 40 47 2006 est.
 Guinea-Bissau 65.7 66 2002
 Haiti 65 80 2003 est.
 Honduras 50.7 65 2010 68.9 2007
 Hungary 17.3 12 2010 est.
 India 28.6 25 2007 est. 29 1999-2000
 Indonesia 16 13.33 2010 17 2004
 Iran 18 2007 est.
 Republic of Ireland 05.5 2009 est. 06.8 2004 est.
 Israel 23.6 2007
 Jamaica 18.7 14.8 2003 est. 19 2000
 Japan 15.7 2007
 Jordan 14.2 14.2 2002 14 2002
 Kazakhstan 15.4 12.1 2008 15 2002
 Kenya 52 50 2000 est.
 South Korea 15 2006 est.
 Republic of Kosovo 35 2007 est.
 Kyrgyzstan 43.1 40 2004 est. 43 2005
 Laos 33 26 2009 est. 33 2003
 Latvia 05.9 06 2004
 Lebanon 28 1999 est.
 Lesotho 68 49 1999
 Liberia 80 2000 est.
 Libya 7.2 7.2 2009
 Lithuania 04 2003
 Republic of Macedonia 21.7 28.7 2008 30.9 2010
 Madagascar 71.3 50 2004 est.
 Malawi 65.3 53 2004
 Malaysia 15.5 05.1 2002 est.
 Maldives 16 2008
 Mali 63.8 36.1 2005 est.
 Mauritania 46.3 40 2004 est. 46 2000
 Mauritius 10.6 08 2006 est.
 Mexico 17.6 18.2 2008 34.8 2008
26.7 2000
 Moldova 48.5 26.3 2009 48 2002
 Mongolia 36.1 36.1 2004 36 2002
 Kingdom of Montenegro 07 2007 est.
 Morocco 19 15 2007 est.
 Mozambique 54.1 70 2001 est. 54 2002-3
 Nepal 30.9 24.7 2008 31 2003-4
 Netherlands 10.5 2005
 Nicaragua 45.8 48 2005 61.9 2005
 Niger 63 63 1993 est.
 Nigeria 34.1 70 2007 est.
 Norway 04.3 2007
 Pakistan 32.6 24 FY05/06 est.
 Panama 37.3 28.6 2006 est. 26.4 2009
 Papua New Guinea 37.5 37 2002 est.
 Paraguay 20.5 19.4 2008 est. 56.0 2009
 Peru 53.1 34.8 2009 34.8 2009
 Philippines 25.1 32.9 2006 est.
 Poland 14.8 17 2003 est.
 Portugal 18 2006
 Kingdom of Romania 28.9 25 2005 est.
 Russia 19.6 13.1 2009 13.1 Dec. 2008
 Rwanda 60.3 60 2001 est. 60 1999-2000
 São Tomé and Príncipe 54 2004 est.
 Senegal 33.4 54 2001 est.
 Serbia 07.9 2008 est.
 Sierra Leone 70.2 70.2 2004 70 2003-4
 Slovakia 16.8 21 2002
 Slovenia 12.3 2008
 South Africa 50 2000 est.
50.6 2005
 Spain 19.8 2005
 Sri Lanka 22.7 23 2008 est. 23 2002
 Sudan 40 2004 est.
 Suriname 70 2002 est.
 Swaziland 69.2 69 2006 69 2000-1
 Switzerland 07.4 2009
 Syria 11.9 2006 est.
 Republic of China (Taiwan
Taiwan
Taiwan , also known, especially in the past, as Formosa , is the largest island of the same-named island group of East Asia in the western Pacific Ocean and located off the southeastern coast of mainland China. The island forms over 99% of the current territory of the Republic of China following...

)
01.08 2008 est.
 Tajikistan 44.4 60 2009 est.
 Tanzania 35.7 36 2002 est. 36 2000-1
 Thailand 13.6 09.6 2006 est.
 East Timor 39.7 42 2003 est.
 Togo 32.3 32 1989 est.
 Tonga 24 FY03/04
 Trinidad and Tobago 21 17 2007 est.
 Tunisia 07.6 03.8 2005 est. 03.8 2005
 Turkey 27 17.11 2008 20.5 2005
 Turkmenistan 30 2004 est.
 Uganda 37.7 35 2001 est. 38 2002-3
 Ukraine 19.5 35 2009 20 2003
 United Arab Emirates 19.5 2003
 United Kingdom 14 2006 est.
 United States 12 2004 est. 15.1 2010
 Uruguay 27.4 2006 10.7 2009
 Uzbekistan 27.2 26 2008 est. 28 2000
 Venezuela 52 37.9 yearend 2005 est. 27.6 2008
 Vietnam 28.9 12.3 2009 est. 29 2002
28.9 2002
 West Bank 46 2007 est.
 Yemen 41.8 45.2 2003
 Zambia 68 86 1993 68 2004
 Zimbabwe 34.9 68 2004

See also

  • Economic inequality
    Economic inequality
    Economic inequality comprises all disparities in the distribution of economic assets and income. The term typically refers to inequality among individuals and groups within a society, but can also refer to inequality among countries. The issue of economic inequality is related to the ideas of...

  • Income disparity
    Income disparity
    The gender pay gap is the difference between male and female earnings expressed as a percentage of male earnings, according to the OECD. The European Commission defines it as the average difference between men’s and women’s hourly earnings...

  • International inequality
    International inequality
    International inequality is inequality between countries . Economic differences between rich and poor countries are considerable...

  • Precaria (country)
    Precaria (country)
    Precaria is a concept suggested in the framework of the international campaign of the non governmental organisation Un techo para mi país, in English “A roof for my country “, that designates allegorically an imaginary country, which would be inhabited by all the poor people from Latin America, for...


External links