List of countries by Human Development Index

List of countries by Human Development Index

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This is a list of all countries by Human Development Index
Human Development Index
The Human Development Index is a composite statistic used to rank countries by level of "human development" and separate "very high human development", "high human development", "medium human development", and "low human development" countries...

as included in a United Nations Development Programme
United Nations Development Programme
The United Nations Development Programme is the United Nations' global development network. It advocates for change and connects countries to knowledge, experience and resources to help people build a better life. UNDP operates in 177 countries, working with nations on their own solutions to...

's Human Development Report
Human Development Report
The Human Development Report is an annual milestone publication by the Human Development Report Office of the United Nations Development Programme .-History:...

 (released on 2 November 2011, compiled on the basis of estimates for 2011. It covers 185 member states of the United Nations (out of 193), along with Hong Kong
Hong Kong
Hong Kong is one of two Special Administrative Regions of the People's Republic of China , the other being Macau. A city-state situated on China's south coast and enclosed by the Pearl River Delta and South China Sea, it is renowned for its expansive skyline and deep natural harbour...

 (of the People's Republic of China), and the Palestinian territories
Palestinian territories
The Palestinian territories comprise the West Bank and the Gaza Strip. Since the Palestinian Declaration of Independence in 1988, the region is today recognized by three-quarters of the world's countries as the State of Palestine or simply Palestine, although this status is not recognized by the...

; 8 UN member states are not included due to lack of data. The average HDI of regions of the World and groups of countries are also included for comparison.

The Human Development Index
Human Development Index
The Human Development Index is a composite statistic used to rank countries by level of "human development" and separate "very high human development", "high human development", "medium human development", and "low human development" countries...

 (HDI) is a comparative measure of life expectancy
Life expectancy
Life expectancy is the expected number of years of life remaining at a given age. It is denoted by ex, which means the average number of subsequent years of life for someone now aged x, according to a particular mortality experience...

, literacy
Literacy
Literacy has traditionally been described as the ability to read for knowledge, write coherently and think critically about printed material.Literacy represents the lifelong, intellectual process of gaining meaning from print...

, education
Education
Education in its broadest, general sense is the means through which the aims and habits of a group of people lives on from one generation to the next. Generally, it occurs through any experience that has a formative effect on the way one thinks, feels, or acts...

 and standards of living
Standard of living
Standard of living is generally measured by standards such as real income per person and poverty rate. Other measures such as access and quality of health care, income growth inequality and educational standards are also used. Examples are access to certain goods , or measures of health such as...

 for countries worldwide. It is a standard means of measuring well-being, especially child welfare
Child welfare
Child protection is used to describe a set of usually government-run services designed to protect children and young people who are underage and to encourage family stability...

. It is used to distinguish whether the country is a developed
Developed country
A developed country is a country that has a high level of development according to some criteria. Which criteria, and which countries are classified as being developed, is a contentious issue...

, a developing
Developing country
A developing country, also known as a less-developed country, is a nation with a low level of material well-being. Since no single definition of the term developing country is recognized internationally, the levels of development may vary widely within so-called developing countries...

 or an under-developed country, and also to measure the impact of economic policies on quality of life. The index was developed in 1990 by Pakistan
Pakistan
Pakistan , officially the Islamic Republic of Pakistan is a sovereign state in South Asia. It has a coastline along the Arabian Sea and the Gulf of Oman in the south and is bordered by Afghanistan and Iran in the west, India in the east and China in the far northeast. In the north, Tajikistan...

i economist
Economics
Economics is the social science that analyzes the production, distribution, and consumption of goods and services. The term economics comes from the Ancient Greek from + , hence "rules of the house"...

 Mahbub ul Haq
Mahbub ul Haq
Mahbub ul Haq was an Pakistani economist who is known to be the pioneer of Human development theory and the founder of the Human Development Report...

 and India
India
India , officially the Republic of India , is a country in South Asia. It is the seventh-largest country by geographical area, the second-most populous country with over 1.2 billion people, and the most populous democracy in the world...

n economist Amartya Sen
Amartya Sen
Amartya Sen, CH is an Indian economist who was awarded the 1998 Nobel Prize in Economic Sciences for his contributions to welfare economics and social choice theory, and for his interest in the problems of society's poorest members...

.

Countries fall into four broad human development categories, each of which comprises 47 countries: Very High Human Development, High Human Development, Medium Human Development and Low Human Development (46 countries in this category).

Due to the new methodology adopted since the 2010 Human Development Report, its HDI figures appear lower than the HDI figures in previous reports.

From 2007 to 2010, the first category was referred to as developed countries
Developed country
A developed country is a country that has a high level of development according to some criteria. Which criteria, and which countries are classified as being developed, is a contentious issue...

, and the last three are all grouped in developing countries
Developing country
A developing country, also known as a less-developed country, is a nation with a low level of material well-being. Since no single definition of the term developing country is recognized internationally, the levels of development may vary widely within so-called developing countries...

. The original "high human development" category has been split into two as above in the report for 2007.

Some older groupings (high/medium/low income countries) have been removed that were based on the gross domestic product
Gross domestic product
Gross domestic product refers to the market value of all final goods and services produced within a country in a given period. GDP per capita is often considered an indicator of a country's standard of living....

 (GDP) in purchasing power parity
Purchasing power parity
In economics, purchasing power parity is a condition between countries where an amount of money has the same purchasing power in different countries. The prices of the goods between the countries would only reflect the exchange rates...

 (PPP) per capita, and have been replaced by another index based on the gross national income
Gross National Income
The GNI consists of: the personal consumption expenditures, the gross private investment, the government consumption expenditures, the net income from assets abroad , and the gross exports of goods and services, after deducting two components: the gross imports of goods and services, and the...

 (GNI) in purchasing power parity per capita.

The country with the largest decrease in HDI since 1998 is Zimbabwe, falling from 0.514 in 1998 to 0.140 in 2010. The country with the largest decrease since 2009 is Cape Verde, which decreased by 0.170.

Over half of the world's population live in countries with "medium human development" (51%), while less than a fifth (18%) populate countries falling in the "low human development" category. Countries with "high" to "very high" human development account for less than a third of the world's total population (30%).

Complete list of countries

= increase. = steady. = decrease.
  • Similar HDI values in the current list do not lead to ranking ties, since the HDI rank is actually determined using HDI values to the sixth decimal point.
  • The number in brackets represents the number of ranks the country has climbed (up or down) relative to new 2011 data for 2010 (as indicated in the new 2011 report, p. 131).

Very high human development



Rank Country HDI
New 2011 Estimates for 2011
Change compared to new 2011 data for 2010 New 2011 Estimates for 2011
Change compared to new 2011 data for 2010
1  Norway 0.943 0.002
2  Australia 0.929 0.002
3  Netherlands 0.910 0.001
4  United States 0.910 0.002
5  New Zealand 0.908
6  Canada 0.908 0.001
7  Republic of Ireland 0.908 0.001
8  Liechtenstein 0.905 0.001
9  Germany 0.905 0.002
10  Sweden 0.904 0.003
11  Switzerland 0.903 0.002
12  Japan 0.901 0.002
13 (1)  Hong Kong 0.898 0.004
14 (1)  Iceland 0.898 0.002
15  South Korea 0.897 0.003
16  Denmark 0.895 0.002
17  Israel 0.888 0.002
18  Belgium 0.886 0.001
19  Austria 0.885 0.002
20  Early Modern France 0.884 0.001
21  Slovenia 0.884 0.002
22  Finland 0.882 0.002
23  Spain 0.878 0.002
24  Italy 0.874 0.001

Rank Country HDI
New 2011 Estimates for 2011
Change compared to new 2011 data for 2010 New 2011 Estimates for 2011
Change compared to new 2011 data for 2010
25  Luxembourg 0.867 0.002
26  Singapore 0.866 0.002
27  Czech Republic 0.865 0.002
28  United Kingdom 0.863 0.001
29  Greece 0.861 0.001
30  United Arab Emirates 0.846 0.001
31  Cyprus 0.840 0.001
32  Andorra 0.838
33  Brunei 0.838 0.001
34  Estonia 0.835 0.003
35  Slovakia 0.834 0.002
36  Malta 0.832 0.002
37  Qatar 0.831 0.006
38  Hungary 0.816 0.002
39  Poland 0.813 0.002
40 (1)  Lithuania 0.810 0.005
41 (1)  Portugal 0.809 0.001
42  Bahrain 0.806 0.001
43  Latvia 0.805 0.003
44  Chile 0.805 0.003
45 (1)  Argentina 0.797 0.003
46 (1)  Independent State of Croatia 0.796 0.002
47  Barbados 0.793 0.002


High human development



Rank Country HDI
New 2011 Estimates for 2011
Change compared to new 2011 data for 2010 New 2011 Estimates for 2011
Change compared to new 2011 data for 2010
48  Uruguay 0.783 0.003
49  Palau 0.782 0.003
50  Kingdom of Romania 0.781 0.002
51  Cuba 0.776 0.003
52  Seychelles 0.773 0.002
53  The Bahamas 0.771 0.001
54 (1)  Kingdom of Montenegro 0.771 0.002
55 (1)  Kingdom of Bulgaria 0.771 0.003
56 (2)  Saudi Arabia 0.770 0.003
57  Mexico 0.770 0.003
58 (1)  Panama 0.768 0.003
59 (1)  Serbia 0.766 0.002
60 (1)  Antigua and Barbuda 0.764 0.001
61 (3)  Malaysia 0.761 0.003
62 (1)  Trinidad and Tobago 0.760 0.002
63 (-1)  Kuwait 0.760 0.002
64 (-10)  Libya 0.760 0.010
65  Belarus 0.756 0.005
66  Russia 0.755 0.004
67  Grenada 0.748 0.002
68 (1)  Kazakhstan 0.745 0.005
69 (-1)  Costa Rica 0.744 0.002
70 (1)  Albania 0.739 0.002
71 (-1)  Lebanon 0.739 0.002

Rank Country HDI
New 2011 Estimates for 2011
Change compared to new 2011 data for 2010 New 2011 Estimates for 2011
Change compared to new 2011 data for 2010
72  Saint Kitts and Nevis 0.735
73  Venezuela 0.735 0.001
74  Bosnia and Herzegovina 0.733 0.002
75  Georgia (country) 0.733 0.004
76 (3)  Ukraine 0.729 0.004
77  Mauritius 0.728 0.002
78 (-2)  Republic of Macedonia 0.728 0.002
79 (-2)  Jamaica 0.727 0.001
80 (1)  Peru 0.725 0.004
81 (-1)  Dominica 0.724 0.001
82  Saint Lucia 0.723 0.003
83  Ecuador 0.720 0.002
84 (1)  Brazil 0.718 0.003
85 (-1)  Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 0.717 0.002
86  Armenia 0.716 0.002
87 (1)  Colombia 0.710 0.003
88 (-1)  Iran 0.707
89  Oman 0.705 0.001
90  Tonga 0.704 0.001
91  Azerbaijan 0.700 0.001
92 (3)  Turkey 0.699 0.003
93 (-1)  Belize 0.699 0.001
94 (-1)  Tunisia 0.698


Medium human development



Rank Country HDI
New 2011 Estimates for 2011
Change compared to new 2011 data for 2010 New 2011 Estimates for 2011
Change compared to new 2011 data for 2010
95 (-1)  Jordan 0.698 0.001
96  Algeria 0.698 0.002
97 (1)  Sri Lanka 0.691 0.005
98 (2)  Dominican Republic 0.689 0.003
99  Samoa 0.688 0.002
100 (-3)  Fiji 0.688 0.001
101  Mainland China 0.687 0.005
102  Turkmenistan 0.686 0.005
103  Thailand 0.682 0.002
104  Suriname 0.680 0.003
105  El Salvador 0.674 0.002
106  Gabon 0.674 0.004
107  Paraguay 0.665 0.003
108  Bolivia 0.663 0.003
109  Maldives 0.661 0.003
110  Mongolia 0.653 0.006
111  Moldova 0.649 0.005
112 (1)  Philippines 0.644 0.003
113 (-1)  Egypt 0.644
114   Palestinian territories
Palestinian territories
The Palestinian territories comprise the West Bank and the Gaza Strip. Since the Palestinian Declaration of Independence in 1988, the region is today recognized by three-quarters of the world's countries as the State of Palestine or simply Palestine, although this status is not recognized by the...

 
0.641 0.001
115  Uzbekistan 0.641 0.005
116 0.636 0.001
117 (2)  Guyana 0.633 0.004
118 (-1)  Botswana 0.633 0.002

Rank Country HDI
New 2011 Estimates for 2011
Change compared to new 2011 data for 2010 New 2011 Estimates for 2011
Change compared to new 2011 data for 2010
119 (-1) 0.632 0.001
120 (1)  Namibia 0.625 0.003
121 (-1)  Honduras 0.625 0.002
122  Kiribati 0.624 0.003
123 (1)  South Africa 0.619 0.004
124 (1)  Indonesia 0.617 0.004
125 (-2)  Vanuatu 0.617 0.002
126  Kyrgyzstan 0.615 0.004
127  Tajikistan 0.607 0.003
128  Vietnam 0.593 0.003
129  Nicaragua 0.589 0.002
130  Morocco 0.582 0.003
131  Guatemala 0.574 0.001
132  Iraq 0.573 0.006
133  Cape Verde 0.568 0.002
134  India 0.547 0.005
135 (1)  Ghana 0.541 0.008
136 (-1)  Equatorial Guinea 0.537 0.003
137  Republic of the Congo 0.533 0.005
138 (1)  Laos 0.524 0.004
139 (2)  Cambodia 0.523 0.005
140 (-2)  Swaziland 0.522 0.002
141 (-1)  Bhutan 0.522 0.004


Low human development



Rank Country HDI
New 2011 Estimates for 2011
Change compared to new 2011 data for 2010 New 2011 Estimates for 2011
Change compared to new 2011 data for 2010
142  Solomon Islands 0.510 0.003
143 (1)  Kenya 0.509 0.004
144 (-1)  São Tomé and Príncipe 0.509 0.003
145  Pakistan 0.504 0.001
146  Bangladesh 0.500 0.004
147  East Timor 0.495 0.004
148  Angola 0.486 0.004
149 (1)  Myanmar 0.483 0.004
150 (1)  Cameroon 0.482 0.003
151 (-2)  Madagascar 0.480 0.001
152 (1)  Tanzania 0.466 0.005
153 (-1)  Papua New Guinea 0.466 0.004
154  Yemen 0.462 0.002
155  Senegal 0.459 0.002
156 (1)  Nigeria 0.459 0.005
157 (-1)  Nepal 0.458 0.003
158 (1)  Haiti 0.454 0.005
159 (-1)  Mauritania 0.453 0.002
160  Lesotho 0.450 0.004
161  Uganda 0.446 0.004
162  Togo 0.435 0.002
163  Comoros 0.433 0.002
164 (1)  Zambia 0.430 0.005
165 (-1)  Djibouti 0.430 0.003

Rank Country HDI
New 2011 Estimates for 2011
Change compared to new 2011 data for 2010 New 2011 Estimates for 2011
Change compared to new 2011 data for 2010
166  Rwanda 0.429 0.004
167  Benin 0.427 0.002
168  The Gambia 0.420 0.002
169  Sudan 0.408 0.002
170  Côte d'Ivoire 0.400 0.001
171  Malawi 0.400 0.005
172  Afghanistan 0.398 0.004
173  Zimbabwe 0.376 0.012
174  Ethiopia 0.363 0.005
175  Mali 0.359 0.003
176  Guinea-Bissau 0.353 0.002
177  Eritrea 0.349 0.004
178  Guinea 0.344 0.002
179  Central African Republic 0.343 0.004
180  Sierra Leone 0.336 0.002
181  Burkina Faso 0.331 0.002
182 (1)  Liberia 0.329 0.004
183 (-1)  Chad 0.328 0.002
184  Mozambique 0.322 0.005
185  Burundi 0.316 0.003
186  Niger 0.295 0.002
187 0.286 0.004


Africa


10 highest HDIs
Rank Country HDI
New 2011 estimates for 2011
High human development
1  Seychelles 0.773
2  Libya 0.760
3  Mauritius 0.728
4  Tunisia 0.698
Medium human development
5  Algeria 0.698
6  Gabon 0.674
7  Egypt 0.644
8  Botswana 0.633
9  Namibia 0.625
10  South Africa 0.619


10 lowest HDIs
Rank Country HDI
New 2011 estimates for 2011
Low human development
1  Democratic Republic of the Congo 0.286
2  Niger 0.295
3  Burundi 0.316
4  Mozambique 0.322
5  Chad 0.328
6  Liberia 0.329
7  Burkina Faso 0.331
8  Sierra Leone 0.336
9  Central African Republic 0.343
10  Guinea 0.344


Americas


10 highest HDIs
Rank Country HDI
New 2011 estimates for 2011
Very high human development
1  United States 0.910
2  Canada 0.908
3  Chile 0.805
4  Argentina 0.797
5  Barbados 0.793
High human development
6  Uruguay 0.783
7  Cuba 0.776
8  The Bahamas 0.771
9  Mexico 0.770
10  Panama 0.768


10 lowest HDIs
Rank Country HDI
New 2011 estimates for 2011
Low human development
1  Haiti 0.454
Medium human development
2  Guatemala 0.574
3  Nicaragua 0.589
4  Honduras 0.625
5  Guyana 0.633
6  Bolivia 0.663
7  Paraguay 0.665
8  El Salvador 0.674
9  Suriname 0.680
10  Dominican Republic 0.689


Asia and Oceania


10 highest HDIs
Rank Country HDI
New 2011 estimates for 2011
Very high human development
1  Australia 0.929
2  New Zealand 0.908
3  Japan 0.901
4  Hong Kong 0.898
5  South Korea 0.897
6  Israel 0.888
7  Singapore 0.866
8  United Arab Emirates 0.846
9  Cyprus 0.840
10  Brunei 0.838


10 lowest HDIs
Rank Country HDI
New 2011 estimates for 2011
Low human development
1  Afghanistan 0.398
2 0.458
3  Yemen 0.462
4  Papua New Guinea 0.466
5  Myanmar 0.483
6  East Timor 0.495
7  Bangladesh 0.500
8  Pakistan 0.504
9  Solomon Islands 0.510
Medium human development
10  Bhutan 0.522


Europe


10 highest HDIs
Rank Country HDI
New 2011 estimates for 2011
Very high human development
1  Norway 0.943
2  Netherlands 0.910
3  Republic of Ireland 0.908
4  Liechtenstein 0.905
5  Germany 0.905
6  Sweden 0.904
7  Switzerland 0.903
8  Iceland 0.898
9  Denmark 0.895
10  Belgium 0.886


10 lowest HDIs
Rank Country HDI
New 2011 estimates for 2011
Medium human development
1  Moldova 0.649
High human development
2  Turkey 0.699
3  Azerbaijan 0.700
4  Armenia 0.716
5  Republic of Macedonia 0.728
6  Ukraine 0.729
7  Georgia (country) 0.733
8  Bosnia and Herzegovina 0.733
9  Albania 0.739
10  Kazakhstan 0.745


Arab League member states


10 highest HDIs
Rank Country HDI
New 2011 estimates for 2011
Very high human development
1  United Arab Emirates 0.846
2  Qatar 0.831
3  Bahrain 0.806
High human development
4  Saudi Arabia 0.770
5  Kuwait 0.760
6  Libya 0.760
7  Lebanon 0.739
8  Oman 0.705
9  Tunisia 0.698
Medium human development
10  Jordan 0.698


10 lowest HDIs
Rank Country HDI
New 2011 estimates for 2011
Low human development
1  Sudan 0.408
2  Djibouti 0.430
3  Comoros 0.433
4  Mauritania 0.453
5  Yemen 0.462
Medium human development
6  Iraq 0.573
7  Morocco 0.582
8  Syria 0.632
9   Palestinian territories
Palestinian territories
The Palestinian territories comprise the West Bank and the Gaza Strip. Since the Palestinian Declaration of Independence in 1988, the region is today recognized by three-quarters of the world's countries as the State of Palestine or simply Palestine, although this status is not recognized by the...

 
0.641
10  Egypt 0.644


European Union


10 highest HDIs
Rank Country HDI
New 2011 estimates for 2011
Very high human development
1  Netherlands 0.910
2  Republic of Ireland 0.908
3  Germany 0.905
4  Sweden 0.904
5  Denmark 0.895
6  Belgium 0.886
7  Austria 0.885
8  Early Modern France 0.884
9  Slovenia 0.884
10  Finland 0.882


10 lowest HDIs
Rank Country HDI
New 2011 estimates for 2011
High human development
1  Kingdom of Bulgaria 0.771
2  Kingdom of Romania 0.781
Very high human development
3  Latvia 0.805
4  Portugal 0.809
5  Lithuania 0.810
6  Poland 0.813
7  Hungary 0.816
8  Malta 0.832
9  Slovakia 0.834
10  Estonia 0.835


East Asia and the Pacific


10 highest HDIs
Rank Country HDI
New 2011 estimates for 2011
Very high human development
1  Australia 0.929
2  New Zealand 0.908
3  Japan 0.901
4  Hong Kong 0.898
5  South Korea 0.897
6  Singapore 0.866
7  Brunei 0.838
High human development
8  Palau 0.782
9  Malaysia 0.761
10  Tonga 0.704


10 lowest HDIs
Rank Country HDI
New 2011 estimates for 2011
Low human development
1  Papua New Guinea 0.466
2  Myanmar 0.483
3  East Timor 0.495
4  Solomon Islands 0.510
Medium human development
5  Cambodia 0.523
6  Laos 0.524
7  Vietnam 0.593
8  Vanuatu 0.617
9  Indonesia 0.617
10  Kiribati 0.624


Latin America


10 highest HDIs
Rank Country HDI
New 2011 estimates for 2011
Very high human development
1  Chile 0.805
2  Argentina 0.797
High human development
3  Uruguay 0.783
4  Cuba 0.776
5  Mexico 0.770
6  Panama 0.768
7  Costa Rica 0.744
8  Venezuela 0.735
9  Peru 0.725
10  Ecuador 0.720


10 lowest HDIs
Rank Country HDI
New 2011 estimates for 2011
Low human development
1  Haiti 0.454
Medium human development
2  Guatemala 0.574
3  Nicaragua 0.589
4  Honduras 0.625
5  Bolivia 0.663
6  Paraguay 0.665
7  El Salvador 0.674
8  Dominican Republic 0.689
High human development
9  Colombia 0.710
10  Brazil 0.718


Middle East and North Africa


10 highest HDIs
Rank Country HDI
New 2011 estimates for 2011
Very high human development
1  Israel 0.888
2  United Arab Emirates 0.846
3  Cyprus 0.840
4  Qatar 0.831
5  Bahrain 0.806
High human development
6  Saudi Arabia 0.770
7  Kuwait 0.760
8  Libya 0.760
9  Lebanon 0.739
10  Iran 0.707


10 lowest HDIs
Rank Country HDI
New 2011 estimates for 2011
Low human development
1  Sudan 0.408
2  Yemen 0.462
Medium human development
3  Iraq 0.573
4  Morocco 0.582
5  Syria 0.632
6   Palestinian territories
Palestinian territories
The Palestinian territories comprise the West Bank and the Gaza Strip. Since the Palestinian Declaration of Independence in 1988, the region is today recognized by three-quarters of the world's countries as the State of Palestine or simply Palestine, although this status is not recognized by the...

 
0,641
7  Egypt 0.644
8  Algeria 0.698
9  Jordan 0.698
High human development
10  Tunisia 0.698


HDI by regions & groups



Region or Group 2011
estimates
for 2011
HDI
2011
estimates
for 2010
HDI
Very high human development
Very High Human Development 0.889 0.888
OECD
Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development
The Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development is an international economic organisation of 34 countries founded in 1961 to stimulate economic progress and world trade...

0.873 0.871
High human development
Europe and Central Asia 0.751 0.748
High Human Development 0.741 0.739
Latin America
Latin America
Latin America is a region of the Americas where Romance languages  – particularly Spanish and Portuguese, and variably French – are primarily spoken. Latin America has an area of approximately 21,069,500 km² , almost 3.9% of the Earth's surface or 14.1% of its land surface area...

 and the Caribbean
Caribbean
The Caribbean is a crescent-shaped group of islands more than 2,000 miles long separating the Gulf of Mexico and the Caribbean Sea, to the west and south, from the Atlantic Ocean, to the east and north...

0.731 0.728
Medium human development
World
World
World is a common name for the whole of human civilization, specifically human experience, history, or the human condition in general, worldwide, i.e. anywhere on Earth....

0.682 0.679
East Asia and the Pacific
Asia-Pacific
Asia-Pacific or Asia Pacific is the part of the world in or near the Western Pacific Ocean...

0.671 0.666
Arab states 0.641 0.639
Small Island Developing States
Small Island Developing States
Small Island Developing States are low-lying coastal countries that tend to share similar sustainable development challenges, including small but growing populations, limited resources, remoteness, susceptibility to natural disasters, vulnerability to external shocks, excessive dependence on...

0.640 0.638
Medium Human Development 0.630 0.625
South Asia
South Asia
South Asia, also known as Southern Asia, is the southern region of the Asian continent, which comprises the sub-Himalayan countries and, for some authorities , also includes the adjoining countries to the west and the east...

0.548 0.545
Low human development
Sub-Saharan Africa
Sub-Saharan Africa
Sub-Saharan Africa as a geographical term refers to the area of the African continent which lies south of the Sahara. A political definition of Sub-Saharan Africa, instead, covers all African countries which are fully or partially located south of the Sahara...

0.463 0.460
Low Human Development 0.456 0.453
Least Developed Countries
Least Developed Countries
Least developed country is the name given to a country which, according to the United Nations, exhibits the lowest indicators of socioeconomic development, with the lowest Human Development Index ratings of all countries in the world...

0.439 0.435


UN member states (latest UNDP data)

Year Country HDI Rank Source
Publication Data
Very high human development
1997  Monaco 0.946
1997  San Marino 0.944
Medium human development
1998 1995  North Korea 0.766 75
1998  Nauru 0.663
1998  Tuvalu 0.583
1998  Marshall Islands 0.563
Low human development
2001 2001  Somalia 0.284 161 Somalia's last inclusion in the HDI ranking was in the 1996 report (1993 data).


Non-UN members (not calculated by the UNDP)

Year Country or Territory HDI Rank Source
Publication Data
Very high human development
1998  Puerto Rico 0.942
2008 2005  Martinique 0.929 24
1998  Greenland 0.927
2008 2005  Guadeloupe 0.912 28
2010 2007  Macau 0.944 23
2010 2010 0.868 18
High human development
2010 2010  Republic of Kosovo* 0.700
2008 2005  New Caledonia 0.878 34
2007 2004  Réunion 0.870 35
2008 2005  French Polynesia 0.864 42
2008 2005  French Guiana 0.862 43

  • calculated by the UNDP

See also


External links