List of cartographers

List of cartographers

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Before 1400



  • Anaximander
    Anaximander
    Anaximander was a pre-Socratic Greek philosopher who lived in Miletus, a city of Ionia; Milet in modern Turkey. He belonged to the Milesian school and learned the teachings of his master Thales...

    , Greek Anatolia
    Anatolia
    Anatolia is a geographic and historical term denoting the westernmost protrusion of Asia, comprising the majority of the Republic of Turkey...

    , (610 BC–546 BC), first to attempt making a map of the known world
  • Hecataeus of Miletus, Greek Anatolia
    Anatolia
    Anatolia is a geographic and historical term denoting the westernmost protrusion of Asia, comprising the majority of the Republic of Turkey...

     (550 BC–476 BC
    476 BC
    Year 476 BC was a year of the pre-Julian Roman calendar. At the time, it was known as the Year of the Consulship of Rutilus and Structus...

    ), geographer, cartographer, and early ethnographer
  • Dicaearchus
    Dicaearchus
    Dicaearchus of Messana was a Greek philosopher, cartographer, geographer, mathematician and author. Dicaearchus was Aristotle's student in the Lyceum. Very little of his work remains extant. He wrote on the history and geography of Greece, of which his most important work was his Life of Greece...

    , Greece
    Greece
    Greece , officially the Hellenic Republic , and historically Hellas or the Republic of Greece in English, is a country in southeastern Europe....

     (circa 350 BC
    350 BC
    Year 350 BC was a year of the pre-Julian Roman calendar. At the time it was known as the Year of the Consulship of Laenas and Scipio...

    285 BC
    285 BC
    Year 285 BC was a year of the pre-Julian Roman calendar. At the time it was known as the Year of the Consulship of Canina and Lepidus...

    ), philosopher, cartographer, geographer, mathematician, author
  • Eratosthenes
    Eratosthenes
    Eratosthenes of Cyrene was a Greek mathematician, poet, athlete, geographer, astronomer, and music theorist.He was the first person to use the word "geography" and invented the discipline of geography as we understand it...

    , Ptolemaic Egypt
    Ptolemaic Egypt
    Ptolemaic Egypt began when Ptolemy I Soter invaded Egypt and declared himself Pharaoh of Egypt in 305 BC and ended with the death of queen Cleopatra VII of Egypt and the Roman conquest in 30 BC. The Ptolemaic Kingdom was a powerful Hellenistic state, extending from southern Syria in the east, to...

    , (276 BC
    276 BC
    Year 276 BC was a year of the pre-Julian Roman calendar. At the time it was known as the Year of the Consulship of Gurges and Clepsina...

    194 BC
    194 BC
    Year 194 BC was a year of the pre-Julian Roman calendar. At the time it was known as the Year of the Consulship of Africanus and Longus...

    ) a Greek scientist, mathematician, geographer, and cartographer
  • Hipparchus
    Hipparchus
    Hipparchus, the common Latinization of the Greek Hipparkhos, can mean:* Hipparchus, the ancient Greek astronomer** Hipparchic cycle, an astronomical cycle he created** Hipparchus , a lunar crater named in his honour...

    , Greece
    Greece
    Greece , officially the Hellenic Republic , and historically Hellas or the Republic of Greece in English, is a country in southeastern Europe....

    , (190 BC
    190 BC
    Year 190 BC was a year of the pre-Julian Roman calendar. At the time it was known as the Year of the Consulship of Asiaticus and Laelius...

    120 BC
    120 BC
    Year 120 BC was a year of the pre-Julian Roman calendar. At the time it was known as the Year of the Consulship of Manilius and Carbo...

    ), astronomer, cartographer, geographer
  • Marinus of Tyre
    Marinus of Tyre
    Marinus of Tyre, was a Greek geographer, cartographer and mathematician, who founded mathematical geography.-Biography and historical context:...

    , Roman Syria (ca. 70
    70
    Year 70 was a common year starting on Monday of the Julian calendar. At the time, it was known as the Year of the Consulship of Augustus and Vespasianus...

    130
    130
    Year 130 was a common year starting on Saturday of the Julian calendar. At the time, it was known as the Year of the Consulship of Catullinus and Aper...

     A.D.) Greek geographer, cartographer and mathematician
    Mathematician
    A mathematician is a person whose primary area of study is the field of mathematics. Mathematicians are concerned with quantity, structure, space, and change....

    , who founded mathematical geography.
  • Ptolemy
    Ptolemy
    Claudius Ptolemy , was a Roman citizen of Egypt who wrote in Greek. He was a mathematician, astronomer, geographer, astrologer, and poet of a single epigram in the Greek Anthology. He lived in Egypt under Roman rule, and is believed to have been born in the town of Ptolemais Hermiou in the...

    , Ptolemaic Egypt
    Ptolemaic Egypt
    Ptolemaic Egypt began when Ptolemy I Soter invaded Egypt and declared himself Pharaoh of Egypt in 305 BC and ended with the death of queen Cleopatra VII of Egypt and the Roman conquest in 30 BC. The Ptolemaic Kingdom was a powerful Hellenistic state, extending from southern Syria in the east, to...

    , (circa 85
    85
    Year 85 was a common year starting on Saturday of the Julian calendar. At the time, it was known as the Year of the Consulship of Augustus and Fulvus...

    165
    165
    Year 165 was a common year starting on Monday of the Julian calendar. At the time, it was known as the Year of the Consulship of Orfitus and Pudens...

    ), a Greek astronomer, cartographer, geographer
  • Isidore of Seville
    Isidore of Seville
    Saint Isidore of Seville served as Archbishop of Seville for more than three decades and is considered, as the historian Montalembert put it in an oft-quoted phrase, "le dernier savant du monde ancien"...

    , Hispania
    Hispania
    Another theory holds that the name derives from Ezpanna, the Basque word for "border" or "edge", thus meaning the farthest area or place. Isidore of Sevilla considered Hispania derived from Hispalis....

     (560
    560
    Year 560 was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Julian calendar. The denomination 560 for this year has been used since the early medieval period, when the Anno Domini calendar era became the prevalent method in Europe for naming years.- Europe :* Ceawlin of Wessex becomes King of Wessex .*...

    636
    636
    Year 636 was a leap year starting on Monday of the Julian calendar. The denomination 636 for this year has been used since the early medieval period, when the Anno Domini calendar era became the prevalent method in Europe for naming years.- Byzantine Empire :* August 20 – Battle of Yarmuk:...

    )
  • Al-Idrisi, Sicily
    Sicily
    Sicily is a region of Italy, and is the largest island in the Mediterranean Sea. Along with the surrounding minor islands, it constitutes an autonomous region of Italy, the Regione Autonoma Siciliana Sicily has a rich and unique culture, especially with regard to the arts, music, literature,...

     (1100–1166), Arab
    Arab
    Arab people, also known as Arabs , are a panethnicity primarily living in the Arab world, which is located in Western Asia and North Africa. They are identified as such on one or more of genealogical, linguistic, or cultural grounds, with tribal affiliations, and intra-tribal relationships playing...

     cartographer, geographer and traveller.
  • Liu An
    Liu An
    Líu Ān was a Chinese prince and advisor to his nephew, Emperor Wu of Han of the Han Dynasty in China and the legendary inventor of t'ai chi...

    , China
    China
    Chinese civilization may refer to:* China for more general discussion of the country.* Chinese culture* Greater China, the transnational community of ethnic Chinese.* History of China* Sinosphere, the area historically affected by Chinese culture...

     (179 BC
    179 BC
    Year 179 BC was a year of the pre-Julian Roman calendar. At the time it was known as the Year of the Consulship of Flaccus and Fulvianus...

    122 BC
    122 BC
    Year 122 BC was a year of the pre-Julian Roman calendar. At the time it was known as the Year of the Consulship of Ahenobarbus and Fannius...

    ), geographer, cartographer, author of the Huainanzi
    Huainanzi
    The Huáinánzǐ is a 2nd century BCE Chinese philosophical classic from the Han dynasty that blends Daoist, Confucianist, and Legalist concepts, including theories such as Yin-Yang and the Five Phases. It was written under the patronage of Liu An, Prince of Huainan, a legendarily prodigious author...

  • Petrus Vesconte
    Pietro Vesconte
    Pietro Vesconte was a Genoese cartographer and geographer. A pioneer of the field of the portolan chart, he influenced Italian and Catalan mapmaking throughout the fourteenth and fifteenth centuries. He appears to have been the first professional mapmaker to sign and date his works...

    , Genoese
    Republic of Genoa
    The Most Serene Republic of Genoa |Ligurian]]: Repúbrica de Zêna) was an independent state from 1005 to 1797 in Liguria on the northwestern Italian coast, as well as Corsica from 1347 to 1768, and numerous other territories throughout the Mediterranean....

     cartographer, author of the oldest signed Portolan chart
    Portolan chart
    Portolan charts are navigational maps based on realistic descriptions of harbours and coasts. They were first made in the 14th century in Italy, Portugal and Spain...

     (1311)
  • Shen Kuo
    Shen Kuo
    Shen Kuo or Shen Gua , style name Cunzhong and pseudonym Mengqi Weng , was a polymathic Chinese scientist and statesman of the Song Dynasty...

    , China
    China
    Chinese civilization may refer to:* China for more general discussion of the country.* Chinese culture* Greater China, the transnational community of ethnic Chinese.* History of China* Sinosphere, the area historically affected by Chinese culture...

     (1031–1095), a polymath
    Polymath
    A polymath is a person whose expertise spans a significant number of different subject areas. In less formal terms, a polymath may simply be someone who is very knowledgeable...

     scientist and statesman, author of the Dream Pool Essays
    Dream Pool Essays
    The Dream Pool Essays was an extensive book written by the polymath Chinese scientist and statesman Shen Kuo by 1088 AD, during the Song Dynasty of China...

    , which included a large atlas
    Atlas
    An atlas is a collection of maps; it is typically a map of Earth or a region of Earth, but there are atlases of the other planets in the Solar System. Atlases have traditionally been bound into book form, but today many atlases are in multimedia formats...

     of China and foreign regions, and also made a three-dimensional
    Three-dimensional space
    Three-dimensional space is a geometric 3-parameters model of the physical universe in which we live. These three dimensions are commonly called length, width, and depth , although any three directions can be chosen, provided that they do not lie in the same plane.In physics and mathematics, a...

     raised-relief map
    Raised-relief map
    A raised-relief map or terrain model is a three-dimensional representation, usually of terrain. When representing terrain, the elevation dimension is usually exaggerated by a factor between five and ten; this facilitates the visual recognition of terrain features.-History:In his 1665 paper for the...

    .
  • Su Song
    Su Song
    Su Song was a renowned Chinese polymath who specialized himself as a statesman, astronomer, cartographer, horologist, pharmacologist, mineralogist, zoologist, botanist, mechanical and architectural engineer, poet, antiquarian, and ambassador of the Song Dynasty .Su Song was the engineer of a...

    , China
    China
    Chinese civilization may refer to:* China for more general discussion of the country.* Chinese culture* Greater China, the transnational community of ethnic Chinese.* History of China* Sinosphere, the area historically affected by Chinese culture...

     (1020–1101), horologist and engineer
    Engineer
    An engineer is a professional practitioner of engineering, concerned with applying scientific knowledge, mathematics and ingenuity to develop solutions for technical problems. Engineers design materials, structures, machines and systems while considering the limitations imposed by practicality,...

    ; as a Song Dynasty
    Song Dynasty
    The Song Dynasty was a ruling dynasty in China between 960 and 1279; it succeeded the Five Dynasties and Ten Kingdoms Period, and was followed by the Yuan Dynasty. It was the first government in world history to issue banknotes or paper money, and the first Chinese government to establish a...

     diplomat, he used his knowledge of cartography and map-making to solve territorial border disputes with the rival Liao Dynasty
    Liao Dynasty
    The Liao Dynasty , also known as the Khitan Empire was an empire in East Asia that ruled over the regions of Manchuria, Mongolia, and parts of northern China proper between 9071125...

  • Angelino Dulcert
    Angelino Dulcert
    Angelino Dulcert , probably also the same person known as Angelino de Dalorto , and who's real name was probably Angelino de Dulceto or Dulceti or possibly Angelí Dolcet, was an Italian-Majorcan cartographer....

     (14th century) author of the earliest known majorcan portolan charts of the Mediterranean

15th century



  • Martin Behaim
    Martin Behaim
    Martin Behaim , was a German mariner, artist, cosmographer, astronomer, philosopher, geographer and explorer in service to the King of Portugal.-Biography:The Behaim family had immigrated to Nuremberg because of religious persecution around...

     (Germany, 1436–1507)
  • Benedetto Bordone
    Benedetto Bordone
    Benedetto Bordone was a manuscript editor, miniaturist and cartographer, he was born in Padua, then part of the Republic of Venice....

     (Venetian Republic (1460–1551)
  • Sebastian Cabot
    Sebastian Cabot (explorer)
    Sebastian Cabot was an explorer, born in the Venetian Republic.-Origins:...

     (1476–1557), Venetian explorer
  • Erhard Etzlaub
    Erhard Etzlaub
    Erhard Etzlaub , was an astronomer, geodesist, cartographer, instrument maker and physician.-Life:...

     (1460–1532)
  • Leonardo da Vinci
    Leonardo da Vinci
    Leonardo di ser Piero da Vinci was an Italian Renaissance polymath: painter, sculptor, architect, musician, scientist, mathematician, engineer, inventor, anatomist, geologist, cartographer, botanist and writer whose genius, perhaps more than that of any other figure, epitomized the Renaissance...

     (Italy, 1452–1519)
  • Henricus Martellus Germanus
    Henricus Martellus Germanus
    Henricus Martellus Germanus is the latinized name of Heinrich Hammer, a German cartographer who lived and worked in Florence from 1480 to 1496....

     (Germany, fl. 1480–1496)
  • Donnus Nicholas Germanus (Germany, fl. 1460–1475)
  • Fra Mauro
    Fra Mauro
    Fra Mauro, O.S.B. Cam., was a 15th-century Camaldolese monk who lived in the Republic of Venice. He was a monk of the Monastery of St. Michael, located on the island of Murano in the Venetian Lagoon. It was there that he maintained a cartography workshop.In his youth, Mauro had traveled...

     (Venice, c.1459)
  • Piri Reis/Hadji Muhammad
    Piri Reis
    Piri Reis was an Turkish Ottoman admiral, geographer and cartographer born between 1465 and 1470 and died in 1554 or 1555....

     (Dardanelles, Ottoman Empire, 1465–1554/1555)
  • Johannes Ruysch
    Johannes Ruysch
    Johannes Ruysch , a.k.a. Johann Ruijsch or Giovanni Ruisch was an explorer, cartographer, astronomer, manuscript illustrator and painter from the Low Countries who produced a famous map of the world: the second oldest known printed representation of the New World...

     (Netherlands, c 1466–1530) explorer, cartographer, astronomer, manuscript illustrator and painter
  • Hartmann Schedel
    Hartmann Schedel
    Hartmann Schedel was a German physician, humanist, historian, and one of the first cartographers to use the printing press. He was born in Nuremberg...

     (Germany, 1440–1514)
  • Amerigo Vespucci (Republic of Florence
    Republic of Florence
    The Republic of Florence , or the Florentine Republic, was a city-state that was centered on the city of Florence, located in modern Tuscany, Italy. The republic was founded in 1115, when the Florentine people rebelled against the Margraviate of Tuscany upon Margravine Matilda's death. The...

    , 1454–1512)
  • Johannes Werner
    Johannes Werner
    Johann Werner was a German parish priest in Nuremberg and a mathematician...

     (Germany, 1466–1528) refined and promoted the Werner map projection
    Map projection
    A map projection is any method of representing the surface of a sphere or other three-dimensional body on a plane. Map projections are necessary for creating maps. All map projections distort the surface in some fashion...

  • Martin Waldseemüller
    Martin Waldseemüller
    Martin Waldseemüller was a German cartographer...

     (Germany, c.1470–c.1521/1522)
  • Gabriel de Valseca (15th century), Majorcan, author of several portolan charts of the Mediterranean
  • Grazioso Benincasa (15th century), Venetian (?), author of several portolan charts of the Mediterranean

16th century





  • Giovanni Battista Agnese
    Battista Agnese
    Battista Agnese was a cartographer from the Republic of Genoa, who worked in the Venetian Republic.In 1525 he prepared an early map of Muscovy that was based on the geographical data, narrated to Paolo Giovio by the Russian ambassador Dmitry Gerasimov.His workshop produced at least 71 manuscript...

     (c. 1500–1564) Genoese
    Republic of Genoa
    The Most Serene Republic of Genoa |Ligurian]]: Repúbrica de Zêna) was an independent state from 1005 to 1797 in Liguria on the northwestern Italian coast, as well as Corsica from 1347 to 1768, and numerous other territories throughout the Mediterranean....

     cartographer, author of numerous nautical atlases
  • Peter Apian (1495–1552) – Also known as Peter Bienewitz German geographer and astronomer
    Astronomer
    An astronomer is a scientist who studies celestial bodies such as planets, stars and galaxies.Historically, astronomy was more concerned with the classification and description of phenomena in the sky, while astrophysics attempted to explain these phenomena and the differences between them using...

    , author of the Apianus projection
  • Philipp Apian
    Philipp Apian
    Philipp Apian was a German mathematician and medic. The son of Petrus Apianus is also known as the cartographer of Bavaria.- Life :He was born in Ingolstadt as Philipp Bienewitz...

     (1531–1589)
  • Joost Janszoon Bilhamer (Netherlands, 1541–1590)
  • Willem Janszoon Blaeu
    Willem Blaeu
    Willem Janszoon Blaeu , also abbreviated to Willem Jansz. Blaeu, was a Dutch cartographer, atlas maker and publisher....

     (Netherlands, 1571–1638) – Father of Joan Blaeu
    Joan Blaeu
    Joan Blaeu was a Dutch cartographer.He was born in Alkmaar, the son of cartographer Willem Blaeu.In 1620 he became a doctor of law but he joined the work of his father. In 1635 they published the Atlas Novus in two volumes...

  • Giovanni Battista Boazio
    Giovanni Battista Boazio
    Giovanni Battista Boazio was an Italian draftsman and cartographer. He mapped Sir Francis Drake's voyage to the West Indies and America.- External links :* Rare old British atlas sells for $1.3 million...

     (?–?) – Mapped Sir Francis Drake
    Francis Drake
    Sir Francis Drake, Vice Admiral was an English sea captain, privateer, navigator, slaver, and politician of the Elizabethan era. Elizabeth I of England awarded Drake a knighthood in 1581. He was second-in-command of the English fleet against the Spanish Armada in 1588. He also carried out the...

    's voyage to the West Indies and America
  • Jacob Roelofs van Deventer, (Netherlands, c 1510/15–1575)
  • Fernão Vaz Dourado
    Fernão Vaz Dourado
    Fernão Vaz Dourado was a Portuguese cartographer of the sixteenth century, belonging to the third period of the old Portuguese nautical cartography, which is characterised by the abandonment of Ptolemaic influence in the representation of the Orient and introduction of better accuracy in the...

     (India, c. 1520–c. 1580) – Portuguese cartographer of the school initiated by Lopo Homem
    Lopo Homem
    Lopo Homem was a Portuguese cartographer and cosmographer.- Biography :In 1517 King Manuel I of Portugal handed Lopo Homem a charter entitling him the privilege of certifying and amending all compass needles in vessels. This charter was revalidated in 1524 by King John III of Portugal...

  • Oronce Finé
    Oronce Finé
    Oronce Fine was a French mathematician and cartographer.-Life:...

     (France, 1494–1555)
  • Gemma Frisius
    Gemma Frisius
    Gemma Frisius , was a physician, mathematician, cartographer, philosopher, and instrument maker...

     (or Reiner Gemma) (Netherlands, Ned Flanders, 1508–1555)
  • Martin Helwig (Germany, 1516–1574)
  • Lopo Homem
    Lopo Homem
    Lopo Homem was a Portuguese cartographer and cosmographer.- Biography :In 1517 King Manuel I of Portugal handed Lopo Homem a charter entitling him the privilege of certifying and amending all compass needles in vessels. This charter was revalidated in 1524 by King John III of Portugal...

     (Portugal?–1565) – Co-author, with the Reinel family, of the well-known Miller Atlas
    Miller Atlas
    The Miller Atlas also known as Lopo Homem-Reineis Atlas is a Portuguese richly illustrated atlas dated from 1519, including a dozen charts...

  • Diogo Homem
    Diogo Homem
    Diogo Homem was a Portuguese cartographer, son of Lopo Homem and member of a family of cartographers. Due to a crime of murder, in which he was connivent, he was forced to exile from Portugal, first in England, and then in Venice. It was there that he produced numerous manuscript atlases and...

     (Portugal 1521–1576) – Cartographer, son of Lopo Homem
    Lopo Homem
    Lopo Homem was a Portuguese cartographer and cosmographer.- Biography :In 1517 King Manuel I of Portugal handed Lopo Homem a charter entitling him the privilege of certifying and amending all compass needles in vessels. This charter was revalidated in 1524 by King John III of Portugal...

  • Jodocus Hondius
    Jodocus Hondius
    Jodocus Hondius , sometimes called Jodocus Hondius the Elder to distinguish him from his son Henricus Hondius II, was a Flemish artist, engraver, and cartographer...

     (Flanders, England, Netherlands, 1563–1612)
  • Johannes Honterus (Transylvania, 1498–1549)
  • Gerard de Jode
    Gerard de Jode
    Gerard de Jode was a cartographer, engraver and publisher who lived and worked in Antwerp during the 16th century. He was born in Nijmegen and died in Antwerp. In 1547 he was admitted to the Guild of St. Luke, and began his work as a publisher/printseller...

     (Netherlands,Flanders, 1509–1591)
  • Jacques le Moyne
    Jacques Le Moyne
    Jacques le Moyne de Morgues was a French artist and member of Jean Ribault's expedition to the New World. His depictions of Native American, colonial life and plants are of extraordinary historical importance.-Expedition:...

     (France, ca. 1533–1588)
  • Guillaume Le Testu
    Guillaume Le Testu
    Guillaume Le Testu, also called Têtu, was a 16th century French corsair, explorer and navigator during the Elizabethan age. He was a successful privateer during the early years of the French Wars of Religion...

     (France, ca. 1509–1573)
  • Gerardus Mercator
    Gerardus Mercator
    thumb|right|200px|Gerardus MercatorGerardus Mercator was a cartographer, born in Rupelmonde in the Hapsburg County of Flanders, part of the Holy Roman Empire. He is remembered for the Mercator projection world map, which is named after him...

     (Flanders, Netherlands, 1512–1594)
  • Sebastian Münster
    Sebastian Münster
    Sebastian Münster , was a German cartographer, cosmographer, and a Hebrew scholar.- Life :Münster was born at Ingelheim near Mainz, the son of Andreas Munster. He completed his studies at the Eberhard-Karls-Universität Tübingen in 1518. His graduate adviser was Johannes Stöffler.He was appointed to...

     (Germany, 1488–1552)
  • Abraham Ortelius
    Abraham Ortelius
    thumb|250px|Abraham Ortelius by [[Peter Paul Rubens]]Abraham Ortelius thumb|250px|Abraham Ortelius by [[Peter Paul Rubens]]Abraham Ortelius (Abraham Ortels) thumb|250px|Abraham Ortelius by [[Peter Paul Rubens]]Abraham Ortelius (Abraham Ortels) (April 14, 1527 – June 28,exile in England to take...

    , (Flanders, 1527–1598) – Generally recognized as the creator of the first modern atlas
    Atlas
    An atlas is a collection of maps; it is typically a map of Earth or a region of Earth, but there are atlases of the other planets in the Solar System. Atlases have traditionally been bound into book form, but today many atlases are in multimedia formats...

  • Petrus Plancius
    Petrus Plancius
    Petrus Plancius was a Dutch astronomer, cartographer and clergyman. He was born as Pieter Platevoet in Dranouter, now in Heuvelland, West Flanders. He studied theology in Germany and England...

    , (Netherlands, 1552–1622)
  • Timothy Pont
    Timothy Pont
    Timothy Pont was a Scottish topographer, the first to produce a detailed map of Scotland. Pont's maps are among the earliest surviving to show a European country in minute detail, from an actual survey.-Life:...

    , (Scotland, 1565–1614)
  • Pedro Reinel
    Pedro Reinel
    Pedro Reinel was a Portuguese cartographer of the 16th century, author of one of the oldest signed Portuguese nautical chart . That is a portolan type of chart, covering western Europe and part of Africa, and already reflecting the explorations made by Diogo Cão in 1482-1485. With his son Jorge...

     (Portugal ?–c. 1542) – Author of the oldest signed Portuguese nautical chart
    Nautical chart
    A nautical chart is a graphic representation of a maritime area and adjacent coastal regions. Depending on the scale of the chart, it may show depths of water and heights of land , natural features of the seabed, details of the coastline, navigational hazards, locations of natural and man-made aids...

  • Jorge Reinel
    Jorge Reinel
    Jorge Reinel born Lisbon renown Portuguese cartographer and instructor in cartography, son of the well-known cartographer Pedro Reinel. In 1519 in Seville he participated in the maps designed for the trip of his countryman Ferdinand Magellan, and his depiction of the Maluku Islands served as a...

     (Portugal c. 1502–c. 1572) – Portuguese cartographer, son of Pedro Reinel
    Pedro Reinel
    Pedro Reinel was a Portuguese cartographer of the 16th century, author of one of the oldest signed Portuguese nautical chart . That is a portolan type of chart, covering western Europe and part of Africa, and already reflecting the explorations made by Diogo Cão in 1482-1485. With his son Jorge...

  • Diogo Ribeiro (Portugal, ?–Sevilha, 1533) – Author of the first known planisphere
    Planisphere
    A planisphere is a star chart analog computing instrument in the form of two adjustable disks that rotate on a common pivot. It can be adjusted to display the visible stars for any time and date. It is an instrument to assist in learning how to recognize stars and constellations...

     with a graduated Equator
    Equator
    An equator is the intersection of a sphere's surface with the plane perpendicular to the sphere's axis of rotation and containing the sphere's center of mass....

     (1527)
  • Sebastião Lopes (Portugal 16th century) – Portuguese cartographer and cosmographer
  • Christopher Saxton
    Christopher Saxton
    Christopher Saxton was an English cartographer, probably born in the parish of Dewsbury, in the West Riding of Yorkshire, England around 1540....

    , (England, born c 1540)
  • John Speed
    John Speed
    John Speed was an English historian and cartographer.-Life:He was born at Farndon, Cheshire, and went into his father's tailoring business where he worked until he was about 50...

    , (England, 1542–1629)
  • Fernando Álvares Seco (Portugal?–?) – Signed the oldest known map of Portugal, reproduced in various editions of Abraham Ortelius
    Abraham Ortelius
    thumb|250px|Abraham Ortelius by [[Peter Paul Rubens]]Abraham Ortelius thumb|250px|Abraham Ortelius by [[Peter Paul Rubens]]Abraham Ortelius (Abraham Ortels) thumb|250px|Abraham Ortelius by [[Peter Paul Rubens]]Abraham Ortelius (Abraham Ortels) (April 14, 1527 – June 28,exile in England to take...

    's Theatrum Orbis Terrarum
    Theatrum Orbis Terrarum
    Theatrum Orbis Terrarum is considered to be the first true modern atlas. Written by Abraham Ortelius and originally printed on May 20, 1570, in Antwerp, it consisted of a collection of uniform map sheets and sustaining text bound to form a book for which copper printing plates were specifically...

  • Luís Teixeira
    Luís Teixeira
    Luís Teixeira or Ludovico Teixeira was a sixteenth-century Portuguese Jesuit, cartographer, and mathematician.He should not be confused with Luís Teixeira Lobo, one of the first Portuguese humanists, son of João Teixeira and brother of Álvaro, who was sent to study in Italy and influenced by the...

     (Portugal ?–?) – Author of an important Atlas of Brazil
    Brazil
    Brazil , officially the Federative Republic of Brazil , is the largest country in South America. It is the world's fifth largest country, both by geographical area and by population with over 192 million people...

  • Bartolomeu Velho
    Bartolomeu Velho
    Bartolomeu Velho was a sixteenth-century Portuguese mapmaker and cosmographer.Velho prepared the Carta General do Orbe in 1561 for Sebastian of Portugal....

     (Portugal ?–1568) – cosmographer and cartographer
  • Lucas Janszoon Waghenaer
    Lucas Janszoon Waghenaer
    Lucas Janszoon Waghenaer was a Dutch chief officer and cartographer who was born in Enkhuizen.He is one of the founding fathers and most famous members of the North Holland school, which played a major role in the early development of Dutch nautical chart-making.Between 1550 and 1579 Waghenaer...

     (Netherlands, 1533/34–1605/06) – Driver, cartographer
  • Edward Wright (mathematician)
    Edward Wright (mathematician)
    Edward Wright was an English mathematician and cartographer noted for his book Certaine Errors in Navigation , which for the first time explained the mathematical basis of the Mercator projection, and set out a reference table giving the linear scale multiplication factor as a function of...

     (England, 1561–1615) – Mathematician
    Mathematician
    A mathematician is a person whose primary area of study is the field of mathematics. Mathematicians are concerned with quantity, structure, space, and change....

     and cartographer

17th century




  • Pieter van der Aa
    Pieter van der Aa
    Pieter van der Aa was a Dutch publisher best known for preparing maps and atlases. Some of his most popular maps were of the African continent, detailing locations such as Morocco and Madagascar....

     (Netherlands, 1659–1733)
  • João Teixeira Albernaz I
    João Teixeira Albernaz I
    João Teixeira Albernaz I also referred to as João Teixeira Albernaz, the Elder , to distinguish him from his grandson, was the most prolific Portuguese cartographer of the seventeenth century. His works include nineteen atlases, a total of two hundred and fifteen maps...

     (Portugal ?–c.1664) Prolific cartographer, son of Luís Teixeira
    Luís Teixeira
    Luís Teixeira or Ludovico Teixeira was a sixteenth-century Portuguese Jesuit, cartographer, and mathematician.He should not be confused with Luís Teixeira Lobo, one of the first Portuguese humanists, son of João Teixeira and brother of Álvaro, who was sent to study in Italy and influenced by the...

  • João Teixeira Albernaz II (Portugal ? — c. 1699), Portuguese cartographer
  • Pedro Teixeira Albernaz
    Pedro Teixeira Albernaz
    Pedro Teixeira Albernaz was a Portuguese cartographer who worked for the king Philip III of Spain.-Works:*La descripción de España y de las costas y puertos de sus reinos *Topografía de Madrid...

     (Portugal c. 1595–1662) Portuguese cartographer author of an important atlas of the Iberian Peninsula
    Iberian Peninsula
    The Iberian Peninsula , sometimes called Iberia, is located in the extreme southwest of Europe and includes the modern-day sovereign states of Spain, Portugal and Andorra, as well as the British Overseas Territory of Gibraltar...

     and a map of Portugal (1656
  • Johannes Blaeu (Netherlands, 1596–1673)
  • Vincenzo Coronelli
    Vincenzo Coronelli
    Vincenzo Coronelli was a Franciscan monk, a Venetian cosmographer, cartographer, publisher, and encyclopedist known in particular for his atlases and globes, and who spent most of his life in Venice.-Biography:...

     (Venetian, 1650–1718)
  • Guillaume Delisle
    Guillaume Delisle
    Guillaume Delisle was a French cartographer who lived in Paris.His father, Claude Delisle studied law and then later settled in Paris as private teacher in geography and history, and afterwards filled the office of royal censor...

     (French, 1675–1726)
  • Petter Gedda (Sweden, 1661–1697)
  • Hessel Gerritsz
    Hessel Gerritsz
    Hessel Gerritsz was a Dutch engraver, cartographer and publisher. Despite strong competition, he is considered by some “unquestionably the chief Dutch cartographer of the 17th century”...

     (Netherlands, 1581–1632), cartographer for the VOC
    Dutch East India Company
    The Dutch East India Company was a chartered company established in 1602, when the States-General of the Netherlands granted it a 21-year monopoly to carry out colonial activities in Asia...

  • Isaak de Graaf (Netherlands, 1668–1743), cartographer for the VOC
  • Johann Homann
    Johann Homann
    Johann Baptist Homann was a German geographer and cartographer, who made maps of the Americas.Homann was born in Oberkammlach near Kammlach, which is now in Bavaria. Although educated at a Jesuit school, he eventually converted to Protestantism. In 1715 Homann was appointed Imperial Geographer of...

     (Germany, 1664–1724), geographer
  • Henricus Hondius (Netherlands, 1597–1651)
  • Willem Hondius
    Willem Hondius
    Willem Hondius or Willem Hondt was a Dutch engraver, cartographer and painter.-Life:...

     (Netherlands, 1598–1652/58)
  • Johannes Janssonius (Netherlands, 1588–1664)
  • Johannes van Keulen
    Johannes van Keulen
    Johannes van Keulen was a 17th century Dutch cartographer. He published the influential nautical atlas the Zee-Atlas and the pilot guide Zee-Fakkel ....

     (Netherlands, 1654–1715)
  • Joannes de Laet
    Joannes de Laet
    Joannes or Johannes de Laet was a Dutch geographer and director of the Dutch West India Company. Philip Burden called his History of the New World, "...arguably the finest description of the Americas published in the seventeenth century" and "...one of the foundation maps of Canada"...

     (Netherlands, 1581–1649)
  • Michael van Langren
    Michael van Langren
    Michael Florent van Langren was a Dutch astronomer and cartographer. His Latinized name is Langrenus.- Family :Michael van Langren was the youngest member of a family of Dutch cartographers...

     (Netherlands, 1600–1675)
  • Alain Manesson Mallet
    Alain Manesson Mallet
    Alain Manesson Mallet was a French cartographer and engineer.He started his career as a soldier in the army of Louis XIV, became a Sergeant-Major in the artillery and an Inspector of Fortifications. He also served under the King of Portungal, before returning to France, and his appointment to the...

     (France, 1630–1706)
  • Matthäus Merian
    Matthäus Merian
    Matthäus Merian der Ältere was a Swiss-born engraver who worked in Frankfurt for most of his career, where he also ran a publishing house.-Early life and marriage:...

     Sr (Switzerland, 1593–1650) and Jr. ((Switzerland, 1621–1687)
  • Herman Moll
    Herman Moll
    Herman Moll , was a cartographer, engraver, and publisher. Moll moved to England in 1678 and opened a book and map store in London...

     (Germany?/England, 1654–1732)
  • Robert Morden
    Robert Morden
    Robert Morden was a British bookseller, publisher, and maker of maps and globes.He was among the first successful commercial map makers....

     (England, died 1703)
  • Dirck Rembrantsz van Nierop
    Dirck Rembrantsz van Nierop
    Dirck Rembrandtsz van Nierop was a seventeenth-century Dutch cartographer, mathematician, surveyor, astronomer, teacher and vermaner.Van Nierop was born at Nieuwe Niedorp , North Holland...

     (Netherlands, 1610–1682), cartographer, mathematician and astronomist
  • John Ogilby
    John Ogilby
    John Ogilby was a Scottish translator, impresario and cartographer. Best known for publishing the first British road atlas, he was also a successful translator, noted for publishing his work in handsome illustrated editions.-Life:Ogilby was born in or near Killemeare in November 1600...

     (Scotland, 1600–1676)
  • Nicolas Sanson
    Nicolas Sanson
    Nicolas Sanson was a French cartographer, wrongly termed by some the creator of French geography. He was born of an old Picardy family of Scottish descent, at Abbeville, on the 20th of December 1600, and was educated by the Jesuits at Amiens.In 1627 he attracted the attention of Richelieu by a...

     (France, 1600–1667)
  • Peter Schenk the Elder
    Peter Schenk the Elder
    Peter Schenk the elder was a German engraver and cartographer.The engraver and map publisher Peter Schenk was born in 1660 in Elberfeld. He was a student of Gerard Valck. Together with Gerard he bought in 1683 all plates of Blaeu. Until his death in 1718, he published numerous maps...

     (Germany, 1660–1718/19)
  • Johannes Vingboons
    Johannes Vingboons
    Johannes Vingboons was a Dutch cartographer and watercolourist.-Life:Vingboons came from an artistic family. His father David Vinckboons was a successful painter and, of his five brothers, Philip Vingboons and Justus Vingboons were active as architects...

     (Netherlands, 1616/17–1670) cartographer and aquarellist
  • Claes Jansz Visscher (Netherlands, 1587–1652)
  • Nicolaes Visscher (Netherlands, 1618–1679)
  • Frederik de Wit
    Frederik de Wit
    Frederick de Wit refers to the Amsterdam art, print and map seller Frederick de Wit . .*Frederick de Wit , the company founder...

     (Netherlands, 1610/16–1698)
  • Nicolaes Witsen
    Nicolaes Witsen
    Nicolaas or Nicolaes Witsen was mayor of Amsterdam thirteen times, between 1682-1706. In 1693 he became administrator of the VOC. In 1689 he was extraordinary-ambassador to the English court, and became Fellow of the Royal Society. In his free time he was cartographer, maritime writer, and an...

     (Netherlands, 1641–1717) diplomat, cartographer, writer and mayor of Amsterdam

18th century




  • John Senex
    John Senex
    John Senex was an English cartographer, engraver and explorer.He was also an astrologer, geologist to Queen Anne of Great Britain, editor and seller of antique maps and most importantly creator of the pocket-size map of the world.He was in particular, one of the principal cartographers of the 18th...

     (1690–1740), engraver, publisher, surveyor and geographer to Queen Anne
  • John Lodge Cowley
    John Lodge Cowley
    John Lodge Cowley was an English cartographer, geologist and Mathematician.John Cowley was a professor of mathematics at the Royal Military Academy, Woolwich – London for a number of years between 1761 and 1773. He was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society in April, 1768...

    , cartographer, mathematician and geographer
  • Emanuel Bowen
    Emanuel Bowen
    Emanuel Bowen was an English map engraver, who worked for George II of England and Louis XV of France as a geographerHe published a 'Complete Atlas of Geography,' 1744-7; an 'English Atlas, with a new set of maps,' 1745; a 'Complete Atlas .....

     (1693/4–1767), engraver and map maker
  • Giambattista (Giovanni Battista) Albrizzi (Venice, 1698 – 1777), publisher of illustrated books and maps
  • Sieur le Rouge map c1740
  • John Gibson (cartographer)
    John Gibson (cartographer)
    John Gibson was an English cartographer and engraver.Recognized as an important late eighteenth-century British cartographer, a contemporary of Jacques-Nicolas Bellin and skilled engraver, spent most of his life in prison because of several debts, however, produced thousands of maps and its...

    , map c1758
  • Jacques-Nicolas Bellin
    Jacques-Nicolas Bellin
    Jacques Nicolas Bellin was a French hydrographer, geographer, and member of the French intellectual group called the philosophes....

     (1703–1772) Chief cartographer to the French navy
  • William Bligh
    William Bligh
    Vice Admiral William Bligh FRS RN was an officer of the British Royal Navy and a colonial administrator. A notorious mutiny occurred during his command of HMAV Bounty in 1789; Bligh and his loyal men made a remarkable voyage to Timor, after being set adrift in the Bounty's launch by the mutineers...

     (England, 1754 – 7 December 1817) – Ships Master during the infamous Bounty mutiny and noted free-hand cartographer
  • Rigobert Bonne
    Rigobert Bonne
    Rigobert Bonne was one of the most important cartographers of the late 18th century.In 1773 Bonne succeeded Jacques Nicolas Bellin as Royal Cartographer to France in the office of the Hydrographer at the Depôt de la Marine. Working in his official capacity, Bonne compiled some of the most detailed...

     (France, 1727–1795) – Royal Cartographer to France in the office of the Hydrographer at Depot de la Marine
  • Jean Baptiste Bourguignon d'Anville
    Jean Baptiste Bourguignon d'Anville
    Jean Baptiste Bourguignon d'Anville , was both a geographer and cartographer who greatly improved the standards of map-making. His maps of ancient geography, characterized by careful, accurate work and based largely on original research, are especially valuable...

     (France, 1697–1782)
  • Abel Buell
    Abel Buell
    Abel Buell , born in Killingworth, Connecticut, was a goldsmith, silversmith, jewelry designer, engraver, surveyor, type manufacturer, mint master, textile miller, and counterfeiter in the American colonies...

     (1742–1822), published the first map of the new United States created by an American
  • Dimitrie Cantemir
    Dimitrie Cantemir
    Dimitrie Cantemir was twice Prince of Moldavia . He was also a prolific man of letters – philosopher, historian, composer, musicologist, linguist, ethnographer, and geographer....

     (Moldavia and Russia, 1673–1723)
  • César-François Cassini de Thury
    César-François Cassini de Thury
    César-François Cassini de Thury , also called Cassini III or Cassini de Thury, was a French astronomer and cartographer.- Biography :...

     (France, 1714–1784)
  • Jean-Dominique Cassini (France, 1748–1845)
  • James Cook
    James Cook
    Captain James Cook, FRS, RN was a British explorer, navigator and cartographer who ultimately rose to the rank of captain in the Royal Navy...

     (Captain RN
    Royal Navy
    The Royal Navy is the naval warfare service branch of the British Armed Forces. Founded in the 16th century, it is the oldest service branch and is known as the Senior Service...

    ) (1728–1779) navigator and naval chart maker
  • Simeon De Witt
    Simeon De Witt
    Simeon De Witt was Geographer and Surveyor General of the Continental Army during the American Revolution and Surveyor General of the State of New York for the fifty years from 1784 until his death.-Life:He was one of fourteen children of physician Dr...

     (1756–1834) Successor to Robert Erskine and Surveyor-General of the State of New York
    New York
    New York is a state in the Northeastern region of the United States. It is the nation's third most populous state. New York is bordered by New Jersey and Pennsylvania to the south, and by Connecticut, Massachusetts and Vermont to the east...

  • Johann Friedrich Endersch
    Johann Friedrich Endersch
    Johann Friedrich Endersch was a German cartographer and mathematician. Endersch also held the title of Royal Mathematician to King Augustus III of Poland.-Life:...

     (Germany, fl. 1755)
  • Colonel Robert Erskine
    Robert Erskine
    Colonel Robert Erskine was a Scottish inventor and later an American officer in the Continental Army during the American Revolutionary War....

     (1735–1780) Geographer
    Geographer
    A geographer is a scholar whose area of study is geography, the study of Earth's natural environment and human society.Although geographers are historically known as people who make maps, map making is actually the field of study of cartography, a subset of geography...

     and Surveyor-General of the Continental Army
    Continental Army
    The Continental Army was formed after the outbreak of the American Revolutionary War by the colonies that became the United States of America. Established by a resolution of the Continental Congress on June 14, 1775, it was created to coordinate the military efforts of the Thirteen Colonies in...

     during the American Revolution
    American Revolution
    The American Revolution was the political upheaval during the last half of the 18th century in which thirteen colonies in North America joined together to break free from the British Empire, combining to become the United States of America...

    .
  • Joseph de Ferraris
    Joseph de Ferraris
    Joseph Jean François, count de Ferraris was an Austrian general and cartographer.Between 1771 and 1778, Ferraris was commissioned by the empress Maria Theresa of Austria and emperor Joseph II to create a detailed Carte-de-Cabinet of the Austrian Netherlands...

     (1726–1814), Austrian cartographer of the Austrian Netherlands
  • Louis Feuillée
    Louis Feuillée
    Louis Éconches Feuillée was a French member of the Order of the Minims, explorer, astronomer, geographer, and botanist....

     (France, 1660–1732)
  • Thomas Jefferys
    Thomas Jefferys
    Thomas Jefferys , "Geographer to King George III", was an English cartographer who was the leading map supplier of his day. He engraved and printed maps for government and other official bodies and produced a wide range of commercial maps and atlases, especially of North America.-Early work:As...

     (England, c. 1710–1771) Geographer of King George III of the United Kingdom
    George III of the United Kingdom
    George III was King of Great Britain and King of Ireland from 25 October 1760 until the union of these two countries on 1 January 1801, after which he was King of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland until his death...

  • Murdoch McKenzie
    Murdoch McKenzie
    Murdoch Mackenzie, FRS was a hydrographer and cartographer.Born in Orkney and employed by the Royal Navy, he became the first person to accurately chart the coastline around North Ronaldsay where many vessels had come to grief. His work led to the construction of a lighthouse at Dennis Head...

     (Scotland, died 1797)
  • John Mitchell
    John Mitchell (geographer)
    John Mitchell was a colonial American doctor and botanist. He created the most comprehensive and perhaps largest 18th-century map of eastern North America, known today as the Mitchell Map...

     (1711–1768) Colonial British American mapmaker.
  • Carlton Osgood (United States, †1816)
  • Adriaan Reland
    Adriaan Reland
    Adriaan Reland was a Dutch scholar, cartographer and philologist....

     (Netherlands, 1676–1718), linguist & cartographer
  • Thomas Richardson – Scottish
    Scottish people
    The Scottish people , or Scots, are a nation and ethnic group native to Scotland. Historically they emerged from an amalgamation of the Picts and Gaels, incorporating neighbouring Britons to the south as well as invading Germanic peoples such as the Anglo-Saxons and the Norse.In modern use,...

  • Dider Robert de Vaugondy
    Robert de Vaugondy
    Gilles Robert de Vaugondy , also known as Le Sieur or Monsieur Robert, and his son, Didier Robert de Vaugondy , were leading mapmakers in France during the 18th century....

     (France, 1688–1766)
  • John Rocque
    John Rocque
    John Rocque was a surveyor and cartographer.Rocque was born no later than 1709, since that was the year he moved to England with his parents, who were French Huguenot émigrés...

     (England, 1709–1762)
  • Matthäus Seutter (Germany, 1678–1757)
  • Friedrich Wilhelm Karl von Schmettau (1743–1806)
  • Matthias Seutter
    Matthias Seutter
    Georg Matthäus Seutter was one of the most important and prolific German map publishers of the 18th century.Seutter started his career as an apprentice brewer. Apparently uninspired by the beer business, Seutter left his apprenticeship and moved to Nuremberg where he apprenticed as an engraver...

     (Germany, 1678–1757)
  • Daniel-Charles Trudaine
    Daniel-Charles Trudaine
    Daniel-Charles Trudaine was a French administrator and civil engineer. He was one of the primary developers of the present French road system....

     (France, 1703–1769)
  • Philip Johan von Strahlenberg
    Philip Johan von Strahlenberg
    Philip Johan von Strahlenberg was a Swedish officer and geographer of German origin who made important contributions to the cartography of Russia. Strahlenberg was born in Stralsund, which then belonged to Sweden, and his original name was Philip Johan Tabbert. He joined the Swedish army in 1694...

     (1676–1747)
  • Thomas Kitchin
    Thomas Kitchin
    Thomas Kitchin was an English engraver and map-maker, who became hydrographer to the king.-Life:He was born in Southwark, and was apprenticed to Emanuel Bowen in 1732. Originally based in Clerkenwell, by late 1755 Kitchin was established on Holborn Hill. From 1773 Kitchin was royal hydrographer...

     (1718–84) London-based cartographer and engraver of maps of England, greater Europe, and parts of the British Empire. At one time held the titles "Senior Hydrographer to His Majesty" and "Senior Engraver to His Royal Highness the Duke of York".
  • Friedrich Christoph Müller (Germany, 1751–1808)
  • Alexander Wilbrecht (Russia, 1757–1823) Geographer of The Geographic Department of the Cabinet of Her Imperial Majesty

19th century



  • John James Abert
    John James Abert
    John James Abert was a United States soldier. He headed the Corps of Topographical Engineers for 32 years, during which time he organized the mapping of the American West....

     (United States, 1788–1863), headed the Corps of Topographical Engineers
    Corps of Topographical Engineers
    The U.S. Army Corps of Topographical Engineers, was separately authorized on 4 July 1838, consisted only of officers, and was used for mapping and the design and construction of federal civil works such as lighthouses and other coastal fortifications and navigational routes. It included such...

     for 32 years and organized the mapping of the American West.
  • Louis Albert Guislain Bacler d'Albe (France, 1761–1824), also artist and longtime strategic advisor to Napoleon
  • Henry Peter Bosse
    Henry Peter Bosse
    Henry Peter Bosse German-American photographer, cartographer and civil engineer.-Biography:...

     (Germany/United States, 1844–1903), also photographer and civil engineer
  • George Bradshaw
    George Bradshaw
    George Bradshaw was an English cartographer, printer and publisher. He is best known for developing the most successful and longest published series of combined railway timetables.-Biography:...

     (England, 1801–1853)
  • Agostino Codazzi
    Agostino Codazzi
    Giovanni Battista Agostino Codazzi was an Italian soldier, scientist, geographer and cartographer...

     (Italy, 1793–1858)
  • J.H. Colton
    J.H. Colton
    Joseph Hutchins Colton , known professionally as J.H. Colton, founded an American mapmaking company which was an international leader in the map publishing industry between 1831 and 1890....

     (United States, 1800-1893)
  • James Ireland Craig, Craig retroazimuthal projection
    Craig retroazimuthal projection
    The Craig retroazimuthal map projection was created by James Ireland Craig in 1909. It is a cylindrical projection preserving the direction from any place to another, predetermined place while avoiding some of the bizarre distortion of the Hammer retroazimuthal projection...

    .
  • Carl Diercke (1842–1913)
  • Louis Isidore Duperrey
    Louis Isidore Duperrey
    Louis Isidore Duperrey was a French sailor and explorer.Duperrey joined the navy in 1800, and served as marine hydrologist to Louis Claude de Saulces de Freycinet aboard the Uranie...

     (French, 1786–1865)
  • Fielding Lucas, Jr. (c. 1781–1854) Lucas Brothers, Baltimore
    Baltimore
    Baltimore is the largest independent city in the United States and the largest city and cultural center of the US state of Maryland. The city is located in central Maryland along the tidal portion of the Patapsco River, an arm of the Chesapeake Bay. Baltimore is sometimes referred to as Baltimore...

    , USA
    United States
    The United States of America is a federal constitutional republic comprising fifty states and a federal district...

  • Matthew Flinders
    Matthew Flinders
    Captain Matthew Flinders RN was one of the most successful navigators and cartographers of his age. In a career that spanned just over twenty years, he sailed with Captain William Bligh, circumnavigated Australia and encouraged the use of that name for the continent, which had previously been...

     (British, 1774–1814) – Royal Navy
    Royal Navy
    The Royal Navy is the naval warfare service branch of the British Armed Forces. Founded in the 16th century, it is the oldest service branch and is known as the Senior Service...

     officer; circumnavigated Australia
    Australia
    Australia , officially the Commonwealth of Australia, is a country in the Southern Hemisphere comprising the mainland of the Australian continent, the island of Tasmania, and numerous smaller islands in the Indian and Pacific Oceans. It is the world's sixth-largest country by total area...

     and made exploration of the Australian coastline
  • Matthew Fontaine Maury
    Matthew Fontaine Maury
    Matthew Fontaine Maury , United States Navy was an American astronomer, historian, oceanographer, meteorologist, cartographer, author, geologist, and educator....

     (American, 1806–1873), U.S. Navy officer
    United States Navy
    The United States Navy is the naval warfare service branch of the United States Armed Forces and one of the seven uniformed services of the United States. The U.S. Navy is the largest in the world; its battle fleet tonnage is greater than that of the next 13 largest navies combined. The U.S...

    ; also oceanographer, meteorologist, cartographer, author
    Author
    An author is broadly defined as "the person who originates or gives existence to anything" and that authorship determines responsibility for what is created. Narrowly defined, an author is the originator of any written work.-Legal significance:...

    , geologist
    Geologist
    A geologist is a scientist who studies the solid and liquid matter that constitutes the Earth as well as the processes and history that has shaped it. Geologists usually engage in studying geology. Geologists, studying more of an applied science than a theoretical one, must approach Geology using...

    , and educator.
  • Björn Gunnlaugsson
    Björn Gunnlaugsson
    Björn Gunnlaugsson was an Icelandic mathematician and cartographer. For the Icelandic Literary Society, he surveyed the country from 1831 to 1843. The results of his work were published in a topographic map of Iceland at a scale of 1:480,000 on four sheets...

     (Iceland, 1788–1876)
  • Charles F. Hoffmann
    Charles F. Hoffmann
    Charles Frederick Hoffmann was a German-American topographer working in California U.S. from 1860 to 1880.-Life:Hoffmann was born in Frankfurt, Germany, 1838. After receiving an education in engineering, he emigrated to America. In 1857 he was topographer for Frederick Lander’s survey to the Rocky...

     (Germany/United States, 1838–1913)
  • Pierre Jacotin
    Pierre Jacotin
    Pierre Jacotin was named director of all the surveyors and geographers working in the Nile Valley in 1799 during the campaign in Egypt of Napoleon. After his return from Egypt, Jacotin worked on preparing the plates for publication, but in 1808 Napoleon formally forbade publication of any map of...

     (France, 1765–1829)
  • Felix Jones (England, 1813–1878)
  • Peter Kozler
    Peter Kozler
    Peter Kozler or Kosler was a Slovene lawyer, geographer, cartographer, activist and manufacturer...

     (Slovenia, 1824–1879), lawyer, geographer, politician, manufacturer.
  • Victor Adolphe Malte-Brun
    Victor Adolphe Malte-Brun
    Victor Adolphe Malte-Brun was a French geographer and cartographer.He was born in Paris, France. The son of Conrad Malte-Brun, another geographer, of Danish origin, and founder of the Société de Géographie....

     (France, 1816–1889)
  • Robert Moresby
    Robert Moresby
    Robert Moresby was a distinguished captain of the British Royal Navy. He was also an excellent hydrographer, maritime surveyor and draughtsman....

     (England, 1794–1863)
  • Thomas Moule
    Thomas Moule
    Thomas Moule was an English antiquarian, writer on heraldry, and map-maker. He is best known for his popular and highly decorated county maps of England, steel-engraved and first published separately between 1830 and 1832....

     (England, 1784–1851)
  • John Tallis and Company
    John Tallis
    John Tallis was an English cartographic publisher. His company, John Tallis and Company, published views, maps and atlases in London from roughly 1838 to 1851....

     (England, 1838–1851)
  • Yuly Shokalsky
    Yuly Shokalsky
    Yuly Mikhailovich Shokalsky was a Russian oceanographer, cartographer, and geographer.A grandson of Anna Kern, Pushkin's celebrated mistress, Shokalsky graduated from the Naval Academy in 1880 and made a career in the Imperial Russian Navy, helping establish the Sevastopol Marine Observatory and...

     (Russia, 1856–1940), also oceanographer and geographer
  • Nicolas Auguste Tissot
    Nicolas Auguste Tissot
    Nicolas Auguste Tissot was a 19th-century French cartographer, who in 1859 and 1881 published an analysis of the distortion that occurs on map projections. He devised Tissot's indicatrix, or distortion circle, which when plotted on a map will appear as an ellipse whose elongation depends on the...

     (France, 1824–1897), devised Tissot's indicatrix
    Tissot's Indicatrix
    Tissot’s indicatrix is a mathematical contrivance presented by French mathematician Nicolas Auguste Tissot in 1859 and 1871 in order to characterize distortions due to map projection...

  • Philippe Vandermaelen (Belgium, 1795–1869)
  • Edward A. Vincent
    Edward A. Vincent
    Edward Arista Vincent was an architect, cartographer, and civil engineer, known for his design for Atlanta's antebellum railroad depot Union Station destroyed by the Union Army during the occupation of Atlanta in the American Civil War.-Biography:Vincent was probably born in London, immigrating to...

     (England/United States, c. 1825 – November 27, 1856), also cartographer, civil engineer
    Civil engineer
    A civil engineer is a person who practices civil engineering; the application of planning, designing, constructing, maintaining, and operating infrastructures while protecting the public and environmental health, as well as improving existing infrastructures that have been neglected.Originally, a...

    , architect
    Architect
    An architect is a person trained in the planning, design and oversight of the construction of buildings. To practice architecture means to offer or render services in connection with the design and construction of a building, or group of buildings and the space within the site surrounding the...

  • James Wilson
    James Wilson (globe maker)
    James Wilson was the first maker of globes in the USA.Born in Londonderry, New Hampshire, Wilson farmed with his father and trained as a blacksmith, though had little other formal education. He moved to Bradford, Vermont in 1796 and became interested in cartography and taught himself map making...

     (American, 1763–1835), first maker of globe
    Globe
    A globe is a three-dimensional scale model of Earth or other spheroid celestial body such as a planet, star, or moon...

    s in the United States
  • Nain Singh Rawat: Indian cartographer
    Cartography of India
    The cartography of India begins with early charts for navigation and constructional plans for buildings. Indian traditions influenced Tibetan and Islamic traditions, and in turn, were influenced by the British cartographers who solidified modern concepts into India's map making.A prominent foreign...

    .
  • Cope, Emmor B
    Emmor Cope
    Emmor Cope was an American Civil War officer of the Union Army noted for the "Map of the Battlefield of Gettysburg from the original survey made August to October, 1863" which he researched by horseback as a Sergeant after being ordered back to Gettysburg by Maj. Gen. George G. Meade...

    : Gettysburg Battlefield
    Gettysburg Battlefield
    The Gettysburg Battlefield is the area of the July 1–3, 1863, military engagements of the Battle of Gettysburg within and around the borough of Gettysburg, Pennsylvania. Locations of military engagements extend from the 4 acre site of the first shot & at on the west of the borough, to East...

     cartographer and 1st Gettysburg National Military Park
    Gettysburg National Military Park
    The Gettysburg National Military Park is an administrative unit of the National Park Service's northeast region and a subunit of federal properties of Adams County, Pennsylvania, with the same name, including the Gettysburg National Cemetery...

     superintendent

20th century




  • Erik Arnberger (1917–1987)
  • Jacques Bertin
    Jacques Bertin
    Jacques Bertin was a French cartographer and theorist, known from his book Semiologie Graphique , edited in 1967...

     (France, 1918–2010)
  • Roger Brunet
    Roger Brunet
    -Life:Born in Toulouse, Brunet attended the University of Toulouse, where he earned his PhD in 1965. He was subsequently professor at the University of Reims from 1966 to 1976, where he founded IATEUR. He was director of research at CNRS from 1976 to 1981, and from 1981 to 1984 served advisory and...

     (1931– )
  • Bernard J.S. Cahill
    Bernard J.S. Cahill
    B.J.S. Cahill , cartographer and architect, was the inventor of the octahedral "Butterfly Map" ; an early proponent of the San Francisco Civic Center ; and designer of the Columbarium of San Francisco.His Butterfly World Map, like Buckminster Fuller's later Dymaxion Map of 1943 and 1954, enabled all...

     (1867–1944) – Inventor of octahedral "Butterfly Map" of the world
  • George Comer
    George Comer
    Captain George Comer was considered the most famous American whaling captain of Hudson Bay, and the world's foremost authority on Hudson Bay Inuit in the early 20th century....

     (1858–1937)
  • James Ireland Craig (1868–1952) – Inventor of the Craig retroazimuthal projection
    Craig retroazimuthal projection
    The Craig retroazimuthal map projection was created by James Ireland Craig in 1909. It is a cylindrical projection preserving the direction from any place to another, predetermined place while avoiding some of the bizarre distortion of the Hammer retroazimuthal projection...

    , otherwise known as the Mecca projection
  • John Paul Goode
    John Paul Goode
    John Paul Goode was one of the key geographers in American Geography’s Incipient Period from 1900 to 1940 . Goode was born in Stewartville, Minnesota on November 21, 1862. Goode received his bachelor’s degree from the University of Minnesota 1889 and his doctorate in Economics from the University...

     (1862–1932) – Created the "Evil Mercator" and Goode’s World Atlas
  • Max Eckert-Greifendorff
    Max Eckert-Greifendorff
    Max Eckert was a German geographer.-Biography:...

     (Germany, 1868–1938)
  • Hermann Haack (Germany, 1872–1966)
  • Günther Hake (1922–2000)
  • Richard Edes Harrison (1901–1994)
  • Tom Harrisson
    Tom Harrisson
    Major Tom Harnett Harrisson DSO OBE was a British polymath. In the course of his life he was an ornithologist, explorer, journalist, broadcaster, soldier, guerrilla, ethnologist, museum curator, archaeologist, documentarian, film-maker, conservationist, and writer...

     (1911–1976)
  • Eduard Imhof
    Eduard Imhof
    Eduard Imhof was a professor of cartography at the Swiss Federal Institute of Technology, Zürich, from 1925 - 1965. His fame, which extends far beyond the Institute of Technology, stems from his relief shading work on school maps and atlases. Between 1922 and 1973 Imhof worked on many school maps...

     (1895–1986) – Oversaw the Schweizerischer Mittelschulatlas, the atlas used in Swiss high schools from 1932 until 1976
  • George F. Jenks (1916–1996)
  • Elrey Borge Jeppesen
    Elrey Borge Jeppesen
    Elrey Borge Jeppesen was an American aviation pioneer. He developed manuals and charts that allowed pilots worldwide to fly safely.-Biography:He was born on January 28, 1907....

     (1907–1996)
  • Edgar Lehmann (1905–1990)
  • John P. Snyder
    John P. Snyder
    John Parr Snyder was an American cartographer most known for his work on map projections for the United States Geological Survey . Educated at Purdue and MIT as a chemical engineer, he had a lifetime interest in map projections as a hobby, but found the calculations tedious without the benefit of...

     (1926–1997) – Developed the space oblique mercator projection
  • Rudi Ogrissek (1926–1999)
  • Rafael Palacios
    Rafael Palacios (artist)
    Rafael D. Palacios was a prolific and highly successful free-lance artist and illustrator specializing in book jackets and maps for major U.S. publishers in the mid- and late 20th century...

     (1905–1993) – prolific map-drawer for major U.S. publishers
  • Arno Peters
    Arno Peters
    Arno Peters developed the Peters world map, based on the Gall–Peters projection.Born in Berlin, Germany, he began his career as a filmmaker who studied American techniques of filmmaking during the late 1930s, and helped to revolutionize film production in Germany at the time...

     (1916–2002) – Developed the Gall–Peters projection
  • Erwin Raisz
    Erwin Raisz
    Erwin Raisz was a Hungarian-born American cartographer, best known for his physiographic maps of landforms.-Biography:...

     (1893–1968)
  • Arthur H. Robinson
    Arthur H. Robinson
    Arthur H. Robinson was an American geographer and cartographer, who was professor in the Geography Department at the University of Wisconsin in Madison from 1947 until he retired in 1980...

     (1915–2004) – Wrote the influential textbook Elements of Cartography and developed the Robinson projection
    Robinson projection
    The Robinson projection is a map projection of a world map, which shows the entire world at once. It was specifically created in an attempt to find a good compromise to the problem of readily showing the whole globe as a flat image....

  • William R. Shepherd (1871–1934)
  • John C. Sherman (1916–1996)
  • Jessamine Shumate
    Jessamine Shumate
    Ada Jessamine Shumate was born on March 31, 1902 as Ada Jessamine White in Horsepasture, Virginia and is an American Artist winner of the "Award of Distinction" in 1955 from the Virginia Museum of Fine Arts. She was a noted artist, historian and cartographer in Henry County...

     (1902–1990)
  • Marie Tharp
    Marie Tharp
    Marie Tharp was a geologist and oceanographic cartographer who, along with her colleague Bruce Heezen, mapped the ocean floor including the Mid-Oceanic Ridges, a line of undersea mountains.-Biography:...

     (1920–2006) – oceanographic cartographer
  • Bradford Washburn
    Bradford Washburn
    Henry Bradford Washburn, Jr. was an American explorer, mountaineer, photographer, and cartographer. He established the Boston Museum of Science, served as its director from 1939–1980, and from 1985 until his death served as its Honorary Director .Washburn is especially noted for exploits in four...

     (1910–2007)
  • David Woodward
    David Woodward
    David Woodward was an English-born American historian of cartography and cartographer.- Biography :Woodward was born in Royal Leamington Spa, England. After receiving a bachelor’s degree from the University of Manchester, England, he came to the United States to study cartography under Arthur H....

     (1942–2004)

21st century

  • Nikolas Schiller
    Nikolas Schiller
    Nikolas Schiller is an American blogger, a prominent digital map artist in the blogosphere, a vegetarian, and a civil rights activist who lives in Washington, DC...

     (1980– ) – Arabesque
    Arabesque
    The arabesque is a form of artistic decoration consisting of "surface decorations based on rhythmic linear patterns of scrolling and interlacing foliage, tendrils" or plain lines, often combined with other elements...

     maps composed of kaleidoscopic
    Kaleidoscope
    A kaleidoscope is a circle of mirrors containing loose, colored objects such as beads or pebbles and bits of glass. As the viewer looks into one end, light entering the other end creates a colorful pattern, due to the reflection off the mirrors...

     aerial photographs
  • Dr. E. Lee Spence, (1947– ) – Pioneer underwater archaeologist, decorative, historical maps showing shipwreck locations
  • Daniel N. Stoddart (1967– ) Maps of the Appalachian Mountains
    Appalachian Mountains
    The Appalachian Mountains #Whether the stressed vowel is or ,#Whether the "ch" is pronounced as a fricative or an affricate , and#Whether the final vowel is the monophthong or the diphthong .), often called the Appalachians, are a system of mountains in eastern North America. The Appalachians...

  • Waldo R. Tobler
    Waldo R. Tobler
    Waldo Tobler is an American-Swiss geographer and cartographer. Tobler's idea that "Everything is related to everything else, but near things are more related to each other" is referred to as the "first law of geography." Tobler is a Professor Emeritus at the University of California, Santa Barbara...

     (1930– ) – Developed the first law of geography
    First law of geography
    The first law of geography according to Waldo Tobler is "Everything is related to everything else, but near things are more related than distant things."This observation is embedded in the gravity model of trip distribution...

  • Denis Wood
    Denis Wood
    Denis Wood is an artist, author, cartographer and a former professor of Design at North Carolina State University. Born in 1945, Wood grew up in Cleveland, Ohio, receiving a BA in English from then Western Reserve University . He received an MA and a PhD in geography from Clark University, in...

     (1945– ) – Artist, author, and former professor of Design
    Design
    Design as a noun informally refers to a plan or convention for the construction of an object or a system while “to design” refers to making this plan...

     at North Carolina State University
    North Carolina State University
    North Carolina State University at Raleigh is a public, coeducational, extensive research university located in Raleigh, North Carolina, United States. Commonly known as NC State, the university is part of the University of North Carolina system and is a land, sea, and space grant institution...


See also


  • History of cartography
    History of cartography
    Cartography , or mapmaking, has been an integral part of the human story for a long time, possibly up to 8,000 years...

  • List of geographers
  • Ancient world maps
    Ancient world maps
    Early world maps cover depictions of the world from the Iron Age to the Age of Discovery and the emergence of modern geography during the early modern period.-Babylonian Imago Mundi Early world maps cover depictions of the world from the Iron Age to the Age of Discovery and the emergence of modern...

  • Russian cartographers
  • :Category:Cartography organizations