List of assassinated people

List of assassinated people

Encyclopedia
This is a list of persons who were assassin
Assassination
To carry out an assassination is "to murder by a sudden and/or secret attack, often for political reasons." Alternatively, assassination may be defined as "the act of deliberately killing someone, especially a public figure, usually for hire or for political reasons."An assassination may be...

ated; that is, important people who were murdered, usually for ideological or political reasons. This list does not include executed persons.

Algeria

  • Hiempsal
    Hiempsal I
    Hiempsal I, son of Micipsa and grandson of Masinissa, was a king of Numidia in the late 2nd century BC.Micipsa, on his deathbed, left his two sons, Adherbal and Hiempsal, together with his cousin, Jugurtha, joint heirs of his kingdom...

     (117 BC), co-ruler of Numidia
    Numidia
    Numidia was an ancient Berber kingdom in part of present-day Eastern Algeria and Western Tunisia in North Africa. It is known today as the Chawi-land, the land of the Chawi people , the direct descendants of the historical Numidians or the Massyles The kingdom began as a sovereign state and later...

  • Charles de Foucauld
    Charles de Foucauld
    Charles Eugène de Foucauld was a French Catholic religious and priest living among the Tuareg in the Sahara in Algeria. He was assassinated in 1916 outside the door of the fort he built for protection of the Tuareg and is considered by the Catholic Church to be a martyr...

     (December 1, 1916), French Catholic religious and priest
  • François Darlan
    François Darlan
    Jean Louis Xavier François Darlan was a French naval officer. His great-grandfather was killed at the Battle of Trafalgar...

     (December 24, 1942), senior figure of Vichy France
    Vichy France
    Vichy France, Vichy Regime, or Vichy Government, are common terms used to describe the government of France that collaborated with the Axis powers from July 1940 to August 1944. This government succeeded the Third Republic and preceded the Provisional Government of the French Republic...

  • Mohamed Khemisti (April 11, 1963), Algerian foreign minister
  • Mustafa Bouyali
    Mustafa Bouyali
    Mustafa Bouyali was the leader of the Algerian Islamic Armed Movement, a guerrilla group based around Larbaa south of Algiers, from 1982 to 1987....

     (February 3, 1987), Islamic fundamentalist
  • Mohamed Boudiaf (June 29, 1992), Head of State of Algeria, shot at Annaba
    Annaba
    Annaba is a city in the northeastern corner of Algeria near the river Seybouse. It is located in Annaba Province. With a population of 257,359 , it is the fourth largest city in Algeria. It is a leading industrial centre in eastern Algeria....

  • Kasdi Merbah
    Kasdi Merbah
    Kasdi Merbah was the prime minister of Algeria from November 5, 1988 until September 9, 1989.He was a member of the FLN, which ruled the country at that time. He was assassinated on August 22, 1993....

     (August 22, 1993), former Prime Minister of Algeria
  • Abdelkader Alloula
    Abdelkader Alloula
    Abdelkader Alloula was an Algerian playwright. He was assassinated by Islamists.-Biography:...

     (March 10, 1994), playwright
  • Cheb Hasni
    Cheb Hasni
    Cheb Hasni born Hasni Chakroun was a performer of Algerian Raï music. He was popular across North Africa, having reached the height of his career in the late 1980s and early 1990s. He was the son of a welder and grew up in a working class family where he was one of seven children...

     (September 29, 1994), singer
  • Seven monks of the Trappistes of Tibérine (March 27, 1996)
  • Pierre Claverie  (August 1, 1996), Catholic bishop of Oran
  • Tahar Djaout
    Tahar Djaout
    Tahar Djaout was an Algerian journalist, poet, and fiction writer. He was assassinated by the Armed Islamic Group because of his support of secularism and opposition to what he considered fanaticism. He was attacked on May 26, 1993, as he was leaving his home in Bainem, Algeria. He died on June 2,...

     Poet (June 2, 1993)
  • Said Mekbel Journalist, assassinated with a car bomb in Aïn Bénian, Algiers
    Aïn Bénian, Algiers
    Aïn Benian, Algiers is a suburb of the city of Algiers in northern Algeria....

     (December 3, 1994)
  • Lounès Matoub
    Lounès Matoub
    Lounès Matoub was a famous Berber Kabyle singer and mondol player who was a prominent advocate of the Berber cause and secularism in Algeria throughout his life.He is revered as a hero and martyr in Kabylie and the Berber World but reviled by most of the Arab...

     (June 25, 1998), berberist
    Berberism
    Berberism is a political-cultural movement of Berber ethnic nationalism, found mainly in Kabylia, Algeria and later in Morocco...

     singer
  • Abdelkader Hachani
    Abdelkader Hachani
    Abdelkader Hachani was a leading figure and founding member of the Islamic Salvation Front , an Algerian Islamist party. Following the arrests of Abassi Madani and Ali Belhadj on June 30, 1991, he became the party's effective leader He led the party to victory in the National Assembly...

     (November 22, 1999), Islamic fundamentalist
    Islamic fundamentalism
    Islamic fundamentalism is a term used to describe religious ideologies seen as advocating a return to the "fundamentals" of Islam: the Quran and the Sunnah. Definitions of the term vary. According to Christine L...

  • Ali Tounsi
    Ali Tounsi
    Ali Tounsi was the Chief of Algeria's national police force. He was shot dead in his office in Algiers by a senior police official, with whom he was arguing at the time. The official, said to be the chief of national police schools, was described as having acted during "an attack of madness"...

     (February 25, 2010), chief of the national police

Angola

  • Jeremias Chitunda
    Jeremias Chitunda
    Jeremias Kalandula Chitunda served as the Vice President of UNITA until his assassination in Luanda, as part of the Halloween Massacre shortly after the first round of the presidential election, held on September 29-30...

     (November 2, 1992), Vice President of UNITA
    UNITA
    The National Union for the Total Independence of Angola is the second-largest political party in Angola. Founded in 1966, UNITA fought with the Popular Movement for the Liberation of Angola in the Angolan War for Independence and then against the MPLA in the ensuing civil war .The war was one...

  • Elias Salupeto Pena
    Elias Salupeto Pena
    Elias Salupeto Pena served as the representative of UNITA, an anti-Communist rebel group that fought against the MPLA in the Angolan Civil War, to the Joint Military and Political Commission...

     (November 2, 1992), UNITA
    UNITA
    The National Union for the Total Independence of Angola is the second-largest political party in Angola. Founded in 1966, UNITA fought with the Popular Movement for the Liberation of Angola in the Angolan War for Independence and then against the MPLA in the ensuing civil war .The war was one...

     senior advisor

Burkina Faso

  • Thomas Sankara
    Thomas Sankara
    Thomas Isidore Noël Sankara was a Burkinabé military captain, Marxist revolutionary, Pan-Africanist theorist, and President of Burkina Faso from 1983 to 1987...

     (October 15, 1987), Head of State of Burkina Faso
  • Norbert Zongo
    Norbert Zongo
    Norbert Zongo was the publisher and editor of the Burkina Faso newspaper l'Indépendant. He was assassinated after his newspaper began investigating the murder of a driver who had worked for the brother of President Blaise Compaoré.On December 13, 1998, Zongo's burned body was found along with...

     (December 13, 1998), journalist

Burundi

  • Louis Rwagasore
    Louis Rwagasore
    Prince Louis Rwagasore is Burundi's national and independence hero. He was a Burundi nationalist and prime minister.- Biography :...

     (October 13, 1961), Prime Minister of Burundi
  • Pierre Ngendandumwe
    Pierre Ngendandumwe
    Pierre Ngendandumwe was a Burundian political figure. He was a member of the Union for National Progress and was an ethnic Hutu. On June 18, 1963, about a year after Burundi gained independence and amidst efforts to bring about political cooperation between Hutus and the dominant minority Tutsis,...

     (January 15, 1965), Prime Minister of Burundi
  • Joseph Bamina
    Joseph Bamina
    Joseph Bamina was a Burundian politician .Bamina was Prime Minister from 26 January to 30 September 1965, and President of the Senate of Burundi in 1965...

     (September 30, 1965), Prime Minister of Burundi
  • Melchior Ndadaye
    Melchior Ndadaye
    Melchior Ndadaye was a Burundian intellectual and politician. He was the first democratically elected and first Hutu president of Burundi after winning the landmark 1993 election...

     (October 21, 1993), President of Burundi, Founder of The Burundi Workers' Party
  • Cyprien Ntaryamira
    Cyprien Ntaryamira
    Cyprien Ntaryamira , was President of Burundi from 5 February 1994 until his death when his plane was shot down on 6 April 1994.-Biography:...

     (April 6, 1994), President of Burundi, airplane shot down
  • Kassi Manlan
    Kassi Manlan
    Dr. Kassi Manlan was a World Health Organization representative who was assassinated in Burundi in 2001....

     (November 20, 2001), World Health Organisation representative

Cameroon

  • Ruben Um Nyobé
    Ruben Um Nyobé
    Ruben Um Nyobé was an anti-imperialist Cameroonian leader, slain by the French army on 13 September 1958, near his natal village of Boumnyebel, in the department of Nyong-et-Kellé in the maquis Bassa. He created on 10 April 1948 the Cameroon's People Union , which used armed struggle to obtain...

     (September 13, 1958), leader of the Union of the Peoples of Cameroon
    Union of the Peoples of Cameroon
    The Union of the Peoples of Cameroon is a political party in Cameroon.-History:UPC was founded on April 10, 1948, at a meeting in the bar Chez Sierra in Bassa. 12 men assisted the founding meeting, including Charles Assalé, Léonard Bouli, and Guillaume Bagal. The majority of the participants were...

     (UPC)

Chad

  • François Tombalbaye
    François Tombalbaye
    François Tombalbaye, also called Ngarta Tombalbaye , was a teacher and a trade union activist who served as the first president of Chad. He was born in the southern region of the country in the Moyen-Chari Prefecture near the city of Koumara and was of the Sara ethnic group, the prominent ethnicity...

     (April 13, 1975), President of Chad

Comoros

  • Ali Soilih
    Ali Soilih
    Ali Soilih, full name Ali Soilih Mtsashiwa, was a Comorian socialist revolutionary and political figure.-Biography:...

     (May 29, 1978), former President of Comoros
  • Ahmed Abdallah
    Ahmed Abdallah
    Ahmed Abdallah Abderemane was a Comorian politician. He was President of the Comoros from 25 October 1978 until his death.-Life prior to the presidency:...

     (November 26, 1989), President of Comoros
  • Combo Ayouba
    Combo Ayouba
    Combo Ayouba was a Comoran colonel and senior member of the Military of Comoros. He was one of the highest ranking military officers in the Comoros at the time of his assassination in 2010....

     (June 13, 2010), army chief of staff and former interim head of state

Congo (Brazzaville)

  • Marien Ngouabi
    Marien Ngouabi
    Marien Ngouabi was the military President of the Republic of the Congo from January 1, 1969 to March 18, 1977.-Origins:...

     (March 18, 1977), President of the Congo, shot in Brazzaville
    Brazzaville
    -Transport:The city is home to Maya-Maya Airport and a railway station on the Congo-Ocean Railway. It is also an important river port, with ferries sailing to Kinshasa and to Bangui via Impfondo...


Congo (Kinshasa)

  • Patrice Lumumba
    Patrice Lumumba
    Patrice Émery Lumumba was a Congolese independence leader and the first legally elected Prime Minister of the Republic of the Congo after he helped win its independence from Belgium in June 1960. Only ten weeks later, Lumumba's government was deposed in a coup during the Congo Crisis...

     (1961 January 17), former Prime Minister of the Congo
  • Maurice Mpolo (1961 January 17), former Youth Minister, and Lumumba associate
  • Joseph Okito (1961 January 17), Senate Vice-President and Lumumba associate
  • Laurent Kabila (2001 January 16), President of the Democratic Republic of the Congo, shot by bodyguard

Egypt

  • Pompey the Great (48 BC), Roman general and politician killed in Egypt
  • Al-Afdal Shahanshah
    Al-Afdal Shahanshah
    al-Malik al-Afdal ibn Badr al-Jamali Shahanshah was a vizier of the Fatimid caliphs of Egypt.- Ascent to power :He was born in Acre, the son of Badr al-Jamali, an Armenian who became Muslim. Badr was vizier for the Fatimids in Cairo from 1074 until his death in 1094, when al-Afdal succeeded him...

     (1121), vizier
    Vizier
    A vizier or in Arabic script ; ; sometimes spelled vazir, vizir, vasir, wazir, vesir, or vezir) is a high-ranking political advisor or minister in a Muslim government....

     of Fatimid
    Fatimid
    The Fatimid Islamic Caliphate or al-Fāṭimiyyūn was a Berber Shia Muslim caliphate first centered in Tunisia and later in Egypt that ruled over varying areas of the Maghreb, Sudan, Sicily, the Levant, and Hijaz from 5 January 909 to 1171.The caliphate was ruled by the Fatimids, who established the...

     Egypt
  • Al-Amir
    Al-Amir
    Al-Āmir bi'Aḥkāmi l-Lah was the tenth Fatimid Caliph , and recognised as the 20th imam by the Mustaali Ismaili Shi'a sect....

     (1130), Fatimid Caliph
    Caliph
    The Caliph is the head of state in a Caliphate, and the title for the ruler of the Islamic Ummah, an Islamic community ruled by the Shari'ah. It is a transcribed version of the Arabic word   which means "successor" or "representative"...

  • Qutuz
    Qutuz
    Saif ad-Din Qutuz, also spelled Kutuz, was the third of the Mamluk Sultans of Egypt in the Turkic line from 1259 until his death in 1260. It was under his leadership that the Mamluks achieved success against the Mongols in the key Battle of Ain Jalut...

     (1260), Mamluk
    Mamluk
    A Mamluk was a soldier of slave origin, who were predominantly Cumans/Kipchaks The "mamluk phenomenon", as David Ayalon dubbed the creation of the specific warrior...

     sultan of Egypt
  • Jean Baptiste Kléber
    Jean Baptiste Kléber
    Jean Baptiste Kléber was a French general during the French Revolutionary Wars. His military career started in Habsburg service, but his plebeian ancestry hindered his opportunities...

     (1800), French general
  • Boutros Ghali
    Boutros Ghali
    Boutros Ghali was the Prime Minister of Egypt from 1908 to 1910. He was a Coptic Christian.Ghali was accused of favouring the British in the Denshawai incident and on February 20, 1910, was assassinated by Ibrahim Nassif al-Wardani, a young pharmacology graduate who had just returned from the...

     (1910), Prime Minister of Egypt
    Prime Minister of Egypt
    The Prime Minister of Egypt is the head of the Egyptian government. According to the constitution, the prime minister is the leader of the largest political party in the Egyptian Parliament....

  • Sir Lee Stack
    Lee Stack
    Sir Lee Oliver Fitzmaurice Stack was a British army officer and Governor-General of the Anglo-Egyptian Sudan. On 19 November 1924, he was shot and assassinated while driving through Cairo....

     (1924), Governor-General
    Governor-General
    A Governor-General, is a vice-regal person of a monarch in an independent realm or a major colonial circonscription. Depending on the political arrangement of the territory, a Governor General can be a governor of high rank, or a principal governor ranking above "ordinary" governors.- Current uses...

     of the Anglo-Egyptian Sudan
    Anglo-Egyptian Sudan
    Anglo-Egyptian Sudan referred to the manner by which Sudan was administered between 1899 and 1956, when it was a condominium of Egypt and the United Kingdom.-Union with Egypt:...

  • Walter Edward Guinness, Lord Moyne (1944), the UK
    United Kingdom
    The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern IrelandIn the United Kingdom and Dependencies, other languages have been officially recognised as legitimate autochthonous languages under the European Charter for Regional or Minority Languages...

    's Minister Resident in the Middle East
  • Ahmed Maher Pasha (1945 February 24), Prime Minister of Egypt
  • Mahmud Fahmi Nokrashi (1948 December 28), Prime Minister of Egypt
  • Hassan al-Banna
    Hassan al-Banna
    Sheikh Hasan Ahmed Abdel Rahman Muhammed al-Banna known as Hasan al-Banna was a schoolteacher and imam, best known for founding the Muslim Brotherhood, one of the largest and most influential 20th century Muslim revivalist organizations.-Early life:Banna was born in 1906 in Mahmoudiyah, Egypt...

     (1949), founder of the Muslim Brotherhood
    Muslim Brotherhood
    The Society of the Muslim Brothers is the world's oldest and one of the largest Islamist parties, and is the largest political opposition organization in many Arab states. It was founded in 1928 in Egypt by the Islamic scholar and schoolteacher Hassan al-Banna and by the late 1940s had an...

  • Wasfi al-Tal
    Wasfi al-Tal
    Wasfi al-Tal was Prime Minister of Jordan for three separate terms. He was assassinated by the Black September unit of the Palestine Liberation Organization in 1971....

     (1971 November 28), Prime Minister of Jordan shot during visit to Cairo
  • Anwar Sadat
    Anwar Sadat
    Muhammad Anwar al-Sadat was the third President of Egypt, serving from 15 October 1970 until his assassination by fundamentalist army officers on 6 October 1981...

     (1981 October 6), President of Egypt
    President of Egypt
    The President of the Arab Republic of Egypt is the head of state of Egypt.Under the Constitution of Egypt, the president is also the supreme commander of the armed forces and head of the executive branch of the Egyptian government....

    , shot while reviewing military parade
  • Rifaat al-Mahgoub (1990), speaker of Egypt
    Egypt
    Egypt , officially the Arab Republic of Egypt, Arabic: , is a country mainly in North Africa, with the Sinai Peninsula forming a land bridge in Southwest Asia. Egypt is thus a transcontinental country, and a major power in Africa, the Mediterranean Basin, the Middle East and the Muslim world...

    ian parliament
  • Farag Foda
    Farag Foda
    Farag Foda , also Faraj Fawda, was an important Egyptian thinker, human rights activist, writer, and columnist.Based in Cairo, he was noted for his critical articles and sharp satires about Islamic fundamentalism in Egypt. In many newspaper articles, he demonstrated weak points in Islamic ideology...

     (1992), Egypt
    Egypt
    Egypt , officially the Arab Republic of Egypt, Arabic: , is a country mainly in North Africa, with the Sinai Peninsula forming a land bridge in Southwest Asia. Egypt is thus a transcontinental country, and a major power in Africa, the Mediterranean Basin, the Middle East and the Muslim world...

    ian politician and intellectual

Guinea Bissau

  • Batista Tagme Na Waie
    Batista Tagme Na Waie
    General Batista Tagme Na Waie, also transliterated as Batista Tagme Na Wai was chief of staff of the army of Guinea-Bissau until his assassination in 2009.Na Waie was born in Catió...

     (2009), chief of staff of the army
  • Joao Bernardo Vieira
    João Bernardo Vieira
    João Bernardo "Nino" Vieira was the President of Guinea-Bissau from 1980 to 1999 and again from 2005 to 2009. After seizing power in 1980, Vieira ruled for 19 years, and he won a multiparty presidential election in 1994. He was ousted at the end of the 1998–1999 civil war and went into exile...

     (2009, March 2), President of Guinea Bissau
  • Baciro Dabó
    Baciro Dabó
    Major Baciro Dabó was a Guinea-Bissauan politician. Considered to have been a close ally of President João Bernardo "Nino" Vieira, he served as Minister of Territorial Administration and was standing as a candidate in the June 2009 presidential election when he was killed by security forces,...

     (2009), government minister and independent presidential candidate
  • Hélder Proença
    Helder Proença
    Helder Proença was a Guinea-Bissauan politician who served as the country's former Minister of Defense during the administration of former President João Bernardo Vieira...

     (2009), former government minister

Kenya

  • Pio Gama Pinto
    Pio Gama Pinto
    Pio Gama Pinto was a Kenyan journalist and politician.-Early years:At age eight, he was sent to India for his education and spent the next nine years there. He studied the arts for two years before joining the Indian Air Force in 1944 for a short time...

     (1965), socialist politician
  • Tom Mboya
    Tom Mboya
    Thomas Joseph Odhiambo Mboya was a prominent Kenyan politician during Jomo Kenyatta's government. He was founder of the Nairobi People's Congress Party, a key figure in the formation of the Kenya African National Union , and the Minister of Economic Planning and Development at the time of his death...

     (1969 July 5), Kenya
    Kenya
    Kenya , officially known as the Republic of Kenya, is a country in East Africa that lies on the equator, with the Indian Ocean to its south-east...

    n Minister of Economic Planning and politician
  • Josiah Mwangi Kariuki
    Josiah Mwangi Kariuki
    Josiah Mwangi Kariuki was a Kenyan socialist politician during the administration of the Jomo Kenyatta government. He held different government positions from 1963, when Kenya became an independent country, to 1975, when he was assassinated. He left behind three wives and many children.-Early...

     (1975), Kenyan politician
  • Robert Ouko (1990), foreign minister of Kenya
    Kenya
    Kenya , officially known as the Republic of Kenya, is a country in East Africa that lies on the equator, with the Indian Ocean to its south-east...

  • Seth Sendashonga
    Seth Sendashonga
    Seth Sendashonga was the Minister of the Interior in the government of national unity in Rwanda, following the military victory of the Rwandan Patriotic Front after the 1994 genocide...

     (1998), former interior minister of Rwanda
    Rwanda
    Rwanda or , officially the Republic of Rwanda , is a country in central and eastern Africa with a population of approximately 11.4 million . Rwanda is located a few degrees south of the Equator, and is bordered by Uganda, Tanzania, Burundi and the Democratic Republic of the Congo...

  • Oscar Kamau Kingara
    Oscar Kamau Kingara
    Oscar Kamau Kingara was a Kenyan lawyer and human rights activist. Kingara was the founder and director of the Oscar Foundation Free Legal Aid Clinic, a human rights organization based in Nairobi...

     (2009), human rights activist
  • John Paul Oulo (2009), human rights activist

Liberia

  • William R. Tolbert, Jr.
    William R. Tolbert, Jr.
    William Richard Tolbert, Jr. was the 20th President of Liberia from 1971 to 1980.Trained as a civil servant, he entered the country's House of Representatives in 1955 for the True Whig Party, then the only established party in the country...

     (1980 April 12), president of Liberia killed in military coup
  • Samuel Doe
    Samuel Doe
    Samuel Kanyon Doe was the 21st President of Liberia, serving from 1986 until his assassination in 1990. He had previously served as Chairman of the People's Redemption Council from 1980 to 1986. He was the first indigenous head of state in Liberian history.Doe was a part of a rural tribe in inland...

     (1990), president of Liberia

Madagascar

  • Radama II of Madagascar
    Radama II of Madagascar
    Radama II was the son and heir of Queen Ranavalona I and ruled from 1861 to 1863 over the Kingdom of Madagascar, which controlled virtually the entire island. Radama's rule, although brief, was a pivotal period in the history of the Kingdom of Madagascar...

     (1863), king of Madagascar
  • Richard Ratsimandrava
    Richard Ratsimandrava
    Colonel Richard Ratsimandrava was President of Madagascar for six days in February 1975. His assassination in 1975 led to a civil war.- Military career :...

     (1975 February 11), president of Madagascar shot 6 days after taking power in military coup

Mozambique

  • Eduardo Mondlane
    Eduardo Mondlane
    Eduardo Chivambo Mondlane served as President of the Mozambican Liberation Front from 1962, the year that FRELIMO was founded in Tanzania, until his assassination in 1969.-Early life:...

     (1969), leader of the independence FRELIMO movement, allegedly killed by the Portuguese branch of Gladio
  • Carlos Cardoso
    Carlos Cardoso
    Carlos Cardoso was a Mozambican journalist. His murder in 2000 followed his newspaper's investigation into corruption in the privatisation of Mozambique's biggest bank.-Early life:...

     (2000), Mozambican journalist

Namibia

  • Clemens Kapuuo
    Clemens Kapuuo
    Clemens Kapuuo was a Namibian school teacher, shopkeeper and chief of the Herero people of Namibia. Kapuuo was one of the leading opponents of South African rule of his country up until his assassination following the Turnhalle Constitutional Conference in March 1978.-Biography:Clemens Kapuuo was...

     (1978), Herero chief and politician
  • Anton Lubowski
    Anton Lubowski
    Anton Theodor Eberhard August Lubowski was a Namibian advocate and SWAPO member assassinated by operatives of South Africa’s Civil Cooperation Bureau.-Education and early life:...

     (1989), leading white SWAPO activist

Niger

  • Ibrahim Baré Maïnassara
    Ibrahim Baré Maïnassara
    Colonel Ibrahim Baré Maïnassara was a military officer in the West African country of Niger who seized power in a January 1996 coup d'état and ruled the country until his assassination during the military coup of April 1999....

     (1999 April 9), President of Niger, ambushed by soldiers

Nigeria

  • Sir Abubakar Tafawa Balewa
    Abubakar Tafawa Balewa
    Alhaji Sir Abubakar Tafawa Balewa, KBE was a Nigerian politician, and the only prime minister of an independent Nigeria. Originally a trained teacher, he became a vocal leader for Northern interest as one of the few educated Nigerians of his time...

     (1966), Prime Minister of Nigeria killed during military coup
  • Alhaji Sir Ahmadu Bello
    Ahmadu Bello
    Sir Ahmadu Bello was a Nigerian politician, and was the first premier of the Northern Nigeria region from 1954-1966. He was one of the prominent leaders in Northern Nigeria alongside Abubakar Tafawa Balewa, both of whom were prominent in negotiations about the region's place in an independent...

     (1966)
  • Adekunle Fajuyi
    Adekunle Fajuyi
    Francis Adekunle Fajuyi, BEM was the first military governor of the former Western Region, Nigeria. Originally a clerk, the late Lt. Colonel Francis Adekunle Fajuyi of Ado Ekiti joined the Army in 1943 as a Non Commissioned Officer, and he was awarded the British Empire Medal in 1951 for helping...

     (1966)
  • Samuel Akintola
    Samuel Akintola
    Samuel Ládòkè Akíntọ́lá or "S.L.A." was a Nigerian politician, lawyer, aristocrat and orator who was born in Ogbomosho, south west Nigeria...

     (1966)
  • Johnson Aguiyi-Ironsi
    Johnson Aguiyi-Ironsi
    Major General Johnson Thomas Umunnakwe Aguiyi-Ironsi was a Nigerian soldier. He served as the Head of State of Nigeria from January 16, 1966 until he was overthrown and killed on July 29, 1966 by a group of northern army officers who revolted against the government.- Early life :Thomas Umunnakwe...

     (1966), military head of state
  • Murtala Ramat Mohammed (1976 February 13), President of Nigeria
    Nigeria
    Nigeria , officially the Federal Republic of Nigeria, is a federal constitutional republic comprising 36 states and its Federal Capital Territory, Abuja. The country is located in West Africa and shares land borders with the Republic of Benin in the west, Chad and Cameroon in the east, and Niger in...

  • Dele Giwa
    Dele Giwa
    Dele Giwa was a Nigerian journalist, editor and founder of Newswatch magazine, who was killed by a mail bomb in his home on 19 October 1986...

     (1986), journalist
  • Bola Ige
    Bola Ige
    James Ajibola Idowu Ige simply known as Bola Ige was a Nigerian lawyer and politician. He became Federal Minister of Justice for Nigeria...

     (2001), justice minister of Nigeria
  • Modu Bintube (2011), Borno
    Borno State
    Borno State is a state in north-eastern Nigeria. Its capital is Maiduguri. The state was formed in 1976 from the split of the North-Eastern State...

     state legislator

Rwanda

  • Dian Fossey
    Dian Fossey
    Dian Fossey was an American zoologist who undertook an extensive study of gorilla groups over a period of 18 years. She studied them daily in the mountain forests of Rwanda, initially encouraged to work there by famous anthropologist Louis Leakey...

     (1985), primatologist, in the province of Ruhengeri
    Ruhengeri
    Ruhengeri is a city and capital of Musanze District in the Northern Province of Rwanda. Some sources now refer to the city itself as Musanze, after the district in which it lies. It lies near the twin lakes of Lake Burera and Lake Ruhondo and is the gateway city to Volcanoes National Park and the...

  • Agathe Uwilingiyimana
    Agathe Uwilingiyimana
    Agathe Uwilingiyimana was a Rwandan political figure. She served as Prime Minister of Rwanda from 18 July 1993 until her death on 7 April 1994. Her term was ended when she was assassinated during the opening stages of the Rwandan Genocide...

     (1994), Prime Minister of Rwanda
    Rwanda
    Rwanda or , officially the Republic of Rwanda , is a country in central and eastern Africa with a population of approximately 11.4 million . Rwanda is located a few degrees south of the Equator, and is bordered by Uganda, Tanzania, Burundi and the Democratic Republic of the Congo...

     killed one day after genocide began
  • Juvénal Habyarimana
    Juvénal Habyarimana
    Juvénal Habyarimana was the third President of the Republic of Rwanda, the post he held longer than any other president to date, from 1973 until 1994. During his 20-year rule he favored his own ethnic group, the Hutus, and supported the Hutu majority in neighboring Burundi against the Tutsi...

     (1994 April 6), his plane was shot out of the sky as it approached Kigali airport, and signalled the start of the Rwandan Genocide
    Rwandan Genocide
    The Rwandan Genocide was the 1994 mass murder of an estimated 800,000 people in the small East African nation of Rwanda. Over the course of approximately 100 days through mid-July, over 500,000 people were killed, according to a Human Rights Watch estimate...


Somalia

  • Abdirashid Ali Shermarke
    Abdirashid Ali Shermarke
    Abdirashid Ali Shermarke was Prime Minister of Somalia from July 12, 1960 to June 14, 1964, and President of Somalia from June 10, 1967 until his assassination on October 15, 1969...

     (1969), president of Somalia
  • Abdallah Derow Isaq (2006), former acting President of Somalia
  • Ali Said
    Ali Said
    Ali Sa'id Sheik Hassan, also referred to as Ali Sa'id Hassan Awale and Ali Said , was the chief of police of Mogadishu and a commander of security forces during the war in Somalia, in which he was killed by sniper fire in June 2009...

     (2009), Mogadishu
    Mogadishu
    Mogadishu , popularly known as Xamar, is the largest city in Somalia and the nation's capital. Located in the coastal Benadir region on the Indian Ocean, the city has served as an important port for centuries....

     police chief
  • Omar Hashi Aden
    Omar Hashi Aden
    Omar Hashi Aden , was a member of the Transitional Federal Government of Somalia, eventually rising to Security Minister. He was assassinated by a suicide bomber on 18 June 2009 in Beledweyne, in the Hiiraan region in central Somalia.Aden was from Hiiraan region...

     (2009), security minister
  • Abdishakur Sheikh Hassan Farah (2011), interior minister

South Africa

  • Shaka
    Shaka
    Shaka kaSenzangakhona , also known as Shaka Zulu , was the most influential leader of the Zulu Kingdom....

     (1828), king of the Zulus, near Stanger (now KwaDukuza) by Dingane
    Dingane
    Dingane kaSenzangakhona Zulu —commonly referred to as Dingane or Dingaan—was a Zulu chief who became king of the Zulu Kingdom in 1828...

     and Mhlangana
  • Hendrik Verwoerd (1966 September 6), Prime Minister of South Africa, stabbed in parliament by Dimitri Tsafendas
    Dimitri Tsafendas
    Dimitri Tsafendas assassinated the "Architect of Apartheid", South African Prime Minister Hendrik Verwoerd on 6 September 1966...

  • Ruth First
    Ruth First
    Ruth First was a white South African anti-apartheid activist and scholar born in Johannesburg, South Africa...

     (1982), anti-apartheid scholar and wife of Communist party leader Joe Slovo
    Joe Slovo
    For Joe Slovo Informal Settlement in Cape Town, see: Joe Slovo .Joe Slovo was a South African politician, long-time leader of the South African Communist Party , and leading member of the African National Congress.-Life:Slovo was born in Obeliai, Lithuania to a Jewish family who emigrated to South...

    , by pro-apartheid "Koevoet
    Koevoet
    Koevoet , also known as "Operation K" and officially known as the "South West Africa Police Counter-Insurgency Unit" , was a police counter insurgency unit in South-West Africa during the 1970s and 1980s...

    " leader Craig Williamson
    Craig Williamson
    Craig Michael Williamson , a former South African police major, was exposed as a spy in 1980, and was involved in a series of state-sponsored overseas bombings, burglaries, kidnappings, assassinations and propaganda during the apartheid era.-Infiltration:In the late 1970s, Craig Williamson had...

  • Vernon Nkadimeng
    Vernon Nkadimeng
    Vernon Nkadimeng was a member of the African National Congress who was killed while in exile in Botswana by the apartheid secret police.-Life:...

     (1985), South African dissident
  • Dulcie September
    Dulcie September
    September, Dulcie Evonne was born on August 20th, 1935 in Gleemore , Western Cape, South Africa. She died after being assassinated in Paris, France on March 29, 1988...

     (1988), head of the African National Congress
    African National Congress
    The African National Congress is South Africa's governing Africanist political party, supported by its tripartite alliance with the Congress of South African Trade Unions and the South African Communist Party , since the establishment of non-racial democracy in April 1994. It defines itself as a...

     in Paris
    Paris
    Paris is the capital and largest city in France, situated on the river Seine, in northern France, at the heart of the Île-de-France region...

    , by South African Defense Force sergeant Joseph Klue
  • Chris Hani
    Chris Hani
    Chris Hani, born Martin Thembisile Hani was the leader of the South African Communist Party and chief of staff of Umkhonto we Sizwe, the armed wing of the African National Congress . He was a fierce opponent of the apartheid government...

     (1993), leader of the South African Communist Party
    South African Communist Party
    South African Communist Party is a political party in South Africa. It was founded in 1921 as the Communist Party of South Africa by the joining together of the International Socialist League and others under the leadership of Willam H...

     shot by Janusz Walus
    Janusz Walus
    Janusz Waluś is a Polish immigrant to South Africa who assassinated South African Communist Party chairman Chris Hani on April 10, 1993....

  • Johan Heyns
    Johan Heyns
    Johan Adam Heyns , was an influential Afrikaner Calvinist theologian and moderator of the general synod of the Nederduits Gereformeerde Kerk . He was assassinated at his home in Waterkloof Ridge, Pretoria...

     (1995), prominent leader in the Dutch Reformed Church
    Dutch Reformed Church
    The Dutch Reformed Church was a Reformed Christian denomination in the Netherlands. It existed from the 1570s to 2004, the year it merged with the Reformed Churches in the Netherlands and the Evangelical Lutheran Church in the Kingdom of the Netherlands to form the Protestant Church in the...

  • Mbongeleni Zondi
    Mbongeleni Zondi
    Inkosi Mbongeleni Zondi was a Zulu chief and great-grandson of Inkosi Bambatha kaMancinza, who led a Zulu rebellion against British rule in 1906...

     (2009), South African politician

Sudan

  • Cleo Noel Jr and George Curtis Moore
    George Curtis Moore
    George Curtis Moore was an American diplomat who was assassinated during a terrorist attack on the United States embassy in Khartoum, Sudan.- Diplomatic career in Sudan :...

     (1973 March 2), US Chief of Mission/Deputy Chief ot Mission (see 1973 Khartoum diplomatic assassinations)
  • Guy Eid (1973), Belgian Chargé d'affaires (see 1973 Khartoum diplomatic assassinations)
  • John Granville
    John Granville
    John M. Granville was an American diplomat who worked in South Sudan. On January 1, 2008, he was assassinated in a shooting in Khartoum, Sudan at the age of 33.-Career:...

     (2008), diplomat for the United States Agency for International Development
    United States Agency for International Development
    The United States Agency for International Development is the United States federal government agency primarily responsible for administering civilian foreign aid. President John F. Kennedy created USAID in 1961 by executive order to implement development assistance programs in the areas...

  • Jimmy Lemi Milla
    Jimmy Lemi Milla
    Jimmy Lemi Milla was a Sudanese politician, and Cabinet member in Southern Sudan. He was a Pojulu. -Career:...

     (2011), Southern Sudan government minister

Tanzania

  • Abeid Amani Karume (1972), first President of Zanzibar
    Zanzibar
    Zanzibar ,Persian: زنگبار, from suffix bār: "coast" and Zangi: "bruin" ; is a semi-autonomous part of Tanzania, in East Africa. It comprises the Zanzibar Archipelago in the Indian Ocean, off the coast of the mainland, and consists of numerous small islands and two large ones: Unguja , and Pemba...

    , First Vice President of Tanzania
    Tanzania
    The United Republic of Tanzania is a country in East Africa bordered by Kenya and Uganda to the north, Rwanda, Burundi, and the Democratic Republic of the Congo to the west, and Zambia, Malawi, and Mozambique to the south. The country's eastern borders lie on the Indian Ocean.Tanzania is a state...

  • David Sibeko
    David Sibeko
    David Maphgumzana Sibeko , was known as the "Malcolm X of South Africa" and began his political career as a journalist for the black South African Magazine Drum. During his tenure with that magazine, he became a leading figure within the Pan Africanist Congress of Azania...

     (1979), South African political activist

Togo

  • Sylvanus Olympio
    Sylvanus Olympio
    Sylvanus Epiphanio Olympio was a Togolese political figure who served as Prime Minister, and then President, of Togo from 1958 until his assassination in 1963.-Political career:...

     (1963 January 13), first president of independent Togo
    Togo
    Togo, officially the Togolese Republic , is a country in West Africa bordered by Ghana to the west, Benin to the east and Burkina Faso to the north. It extends south to the Gulf of Guinea, on which the capital Lomé is located. Togo covers an area of approximately with a population of approximately...

    , in a coup led by dictator Gnassingbé Eyadéma
    Gnassingbé Eyadéma
    General Gnassingbé Eyadéma , was the President of Togo from 1967 until his death in 2005. He participated in two successful military coups, in January 1963 and January 1967, and became President on April 14, 1967...

  • Tavio Amorin
    Tavio Amorin
    Octave Tavio Tobias Ayao Amorin was a Togolese socialist politician. He led the Pan-African Socialist Party, the ideology of which was influenced by the following three important African leaders:...

     (1992), socialist leader (shot in Lomé
    Lomé
    Lomé, with an estimated population of 737,751, is the capital and largest city of Togo. Located on the Gulf of Guinea, Lomé is the country's administrative and industrial center and its chief port. The city exports coffee, cocoa, copra, and palm kernels...

    , died in Paris
    Paris
    Paris is the capital and largest city in France, situated on the river Seine, in northern France, at the heart of the Île-de-France region...

    )

Tunisia

  • Khalil Wazir ("Abu Jihad") (1988 April 16), military leader of the PLO
    Palestine Liberation Organization
    The Palestine Liberation Organization is a political and paramilitary organization which was created in 1964. It is recognized as the "sole legitimate representative of the Palestinian people" by the United Nations and over 100 states with which it holds diplomatic relations, and has enjoyed...

    , shot by Israeli commandos in Tunis
    Tunis
    Tunis is the capital of both the Tunisian Republic and the Tunis Governorate. It is Tunisia's largest city, with a population of 728,453 as of 2004; the greater metropolitan area holds some 2,412,500 inhabitants....

  • Salah Khalaf
    Salah Khalaf
    Salah Mesbah Khalaf , also known as Abu Iyad was deputy chief and head of intelligence for the Palestine Liberation Organization, and the second most senior official of Fatah after Yasser Arafat....

     ("Abu Iyad") (1991), deputy leader of the PLO killed by Abu Nidal terrorists in Tunis, Tunisia

Uganda

  • Benedicto Kiwanuka
    Benedicto Kiwanuka
    Benedicto Kabimu Mugumba Kiwanuka was the first Prime Minister of Uganda, leader of the Democratic Party and one of the early leaders that led the country in the transition between colonial British rule and independence...

     (1972), Chief Justice of Uganda
    Uganda
    Uganda , officially the Republic of Uganda, is a landlocked country in East Africa. Uganda is also known as the "Pearl of Africa". It is bordered on the east by Kenya, on the north by South Sudan, on the west by the Democratic Republic of the Congo, on the southwest by Rwanda, and on the south by...

  • Janani Luwum
    Janani Luwum
    Janani Jakaliya Luwum , was the Archbishop of the Church of Uganda from 1974 to 1977 and one of the most influential leaders of the modern church in Africa. He was murdered in 1977 by either Idi Amin personally or by Amin's henchmen.-Early life and career:Luwum was born in the village of Mucwini in...

     (1977), Archbishop of Uganda
    Uganda
    Uganda , officially the Republic of Uganda, is a landlocked country in East Africa. Uganda is also known as the "Pearl of Africa". It is bordered on the east by Kenya, on the north by South Sudan, on the west by the Democratic Republic of the Congo, on the southwest by Rwanda, and on the south by...

    , Rwanda
    Rwanda
    Rwanda or , officially the Republic of Rwanda , is a country in central and eastern Africa with a population of approximately 11.4 million . Rwanda is located a few degrees south of the Equator, and is bordered by Uganda, Tanzania, Burundi and the Democratic Republic of the Congo...

    , Burundi
    Burundi
    Burundi , officially the Republic of Burundi , is a landlocked country in the Great Lakes region of Eastern Africa bordered by Rwanda to the north, Tanzania to the east and south, and the Democratic Republic of the Congo to the west. Its capital is Bujumbura...

     and Boga-Zaire from 1974 until 1977

Western Sahara

  • Mohamed Bassiri (1970), Sahrawi leader and journalist, disappeared in El Aaiún
    El Aaiún
    El-Aaiún , is a city in Western Sahara founded by the Spanish in 1928. Administered by Morocco since 1976, El-Aaiún is the capital of what the Moroccan government call the region of Laâyoune-Boujdour-Sakia El Hamra, and POLISARIO call Occupied Territories...


Argentina

  • Justo José de Urquiza
    Justo José de Urquiza
    Justo José de Urquiza y García was an Argentine general and politician. He was president of the Argentine Confederation from 1854 to 1860.He was governor of Entre Ríos during the government of Juan Manuel de Rosas, governor of Buenos Aires with powers delegated from the other provinces...

     (1870), former president of Argentina
  • Pedro Aramburu
    Pedro Eugenio Aramburu
    Pedro Eugenio Aramburu Silveti was an Argentine Army General. Born in Río Cuarto, Córdoba on May 21, 1903. He was a major figure behind the military coup against Juan Perón in 1955. He became de facto president of Argentina from November 13, 1955 to May 1, 1958...

     (1970), former president of Argentina
    President of Argentina
    The President of the Argentine Nation , usually known as the President of Argentina, is the head of state of Argentina. Under the national Constitution, the President is also the chief executive of the federal government and Commander-in-Chief of the armed forces.Through Argentine history, the...

     executed by the Montoneros
    Montoneros
    Montoneros was an Argentine Peronist urban guerrilla group, active during the 1960s and 1970s. The name is an allusion to 19th century Argentinian history. After Juan Perón's return from 18 years of exile and the 1973 Ezeiza massacre, which marked the definitive split between left and right-wing...

  • Carlos Prats
    Carlos Prats
    General Carlos Prats González was a Chilean Army officer, a political figure, minister and Vice President of Chile during President Salvador Allende's government, and General Augusto Pinochet's predecessor as commander-in-chief of the Chilean Army...

     (1974), Chilean general
  • Zelmar Michelini
    Zelmar Michelini
    Zelmar Michelini was a Uruguayan reporter and politician, assassinated in Buenos Aires in 1976 as part of Operation Condor....

     (1976), Uruguayan senator
  • Héctor Gutiérrez Ruiz
    Héctor Gutiérrez Ruiz
    Héctor Gutiérrez Ruiz was a Uruguayan political figure, who died by assassination in the framework of Operation Condor. He arried with Matilde Rodriguez Larreta , had 5 children: Mark, John Paul, Magdalena, Facundo and Matthew.-Background and political role:He served as a Uruguayan deputy, and was...

     (1976), speaker of the Uruguayan House of Representatives

Bolivia

  • Pedro Blanco Soto
    Pedro Blanco Soto
    Pedro Blanco Soto was President of Bolivia for just a week cut short by his assassination in a convent called La Recoletta in Sucre on New Years Day 1829. He was shot on the roof above a stairwell while attempting to escape. A small plaque now marks the spot in the Museo de la Recoletta...

     (1829), President of Boliva
  • Manuel Isidoro Belzu
    Manuel Isidoro Belzu
    Manuel Isidoro Belzu Humerez was president of Bolivia from 1848 to 1855.-Early life and education:Born in La Paz, Bolivia to humble mestizo parents, Belzu was educated by Franciscan friars.-Early career:...

     (1865), President
    President of Bolivia
    The President of Bolivia is head of state and head of government of Bolivia. According to the current Constitution, the president is elected by popular vote to a five year term, renewable once...

     of Bolivia
    Bolivia
    Bolivia officially known as Plurinational State of Bolivia , is a landlocked country in central South America. It is the poorest country in South America...

  • Mariano Melgarejo
    Mariano Melgarejo
    Manuel Mariano Melgarejo Valencia was the 19th President of Bolivia, from December 28, 1864, to January 15, 1871.-Early life:...

     (1871), President of Bolivia
  • Che Guevara
    Che Guevara
    Ernesto "Che" Guevara , commonly known as el Che or simply Che, was an Argentine Marxist revolutionary, physician, author, intellectual, guerrilla leader, diplomat and military theorist...

     (1967), Argentine revolutionary leader
  • René Barrientos Ortuño (1969), former President of Bolivia
  • Juan José Torres
    Juan José Torres
    Juan José Torres González was a Bolivian socialist politician and military leader. He served as President of Bolivia from October 7, 1970 to August 21, 1971. He was popularly known as "J.J."...

     (1976), former President of Bolivia

Brazil

  • Pinheiro Machado (politician)
    Pinheiro Machado (politician)
    José Gomes Pinheiro Machado was a Brazilian republican politician. He fought for the establishment of the Republic in Brazil and for its consolidation....

     (1915), Brazilian politician
  • João Pessoa Cavalcânti de Albuquerque
    João Pessoa Cavalcânti de Albuquerque
    João Pessoa Cavalcânti de Albuquerque , was the governor of Paraíba between 1928 and 1930. He was the vice-presidential nominee on the ticket of Getúlio Vargas in the 1930 presidential elections...

     (1930)
  • Adib Shishakli
    Adib Shishakli
    Adib ibn Hasan Shishakli was a Syrian military leader and President of Syria .Born into a notable Syrian-Kurdish family of Hama, Shishakli served with the French Army during the mandate era...

     (1964), Syrian military dictator
  • Vladimir Herzog
    Vladimir Herzog
    Vladimir Herzog nicknamed Vlado, was a Brazilian journalist, university professor and playwright of Yugoslavian origin. He also developed a taste for photography, because of his film projects...

     (1975), Journalist
  • Zuzu Angel
    Zuzu Angel
    Zuleika Angel Jones, better known as Zuzu Angel , was a Brazilian-American fashion designer, who became famous for opposing the Brazilian military dictatorship after the forced disappearance of her son Stuart. Zuzu was also mother of journalist Hildegard Angel.-Biography:As a child, Zuzu moved to...

     (1976), Brazilian activist
  • Chico Mendes
    Chico Mendes
    Francisco Alves Mendes Filho, better known as Chico Mendes , was a Brazilian rubber tapper, trade union leader and environmentalist. He fought to preserve the Amazon rainforest, and advocated for the human rights of Brazilian peasants and indigenous peoples...

     (1988), Brazilian environmental activist
  • Paulo César Farias
    Paulo Cesar Farias
    Paulo Cesar Farias was the political campaign treasurer of Brazilian President Fernando Collor de Mello and a central figure in the corruption scandal that resulted in Collor's 1992 removal from Brazil's presidential office....

     (1996), Collor de Mello's campaign treasurer
  • Antonio da Costa Santos
    Antonio da Costa Santos
    Antonio da Costa Santos was a Brazilian architect and politician affiliated to the Workers' Party .Toninho took office as Mayor of Campinas , on January 1, 2001. He was shot to death at 10:15 pm, September 10, 2001, as he was driving home alone from a shopping mall...

     (2001), Mayor of Campinas
    Campinas
    Campinas is a city and municipality located in the coastal interior of the state of São Paulo, Brazil. is the administrative center of the meso-region of the same name, with 3,783,597 inhabitants as of the 2010 Census, consisting of 49 cities....

  • Dorothy Stang
    Dorothy Stang
    Sister Dorothy Mae Stang, S.N.D., was an American-born, Brazilian member of the Congregation of the Sisters of Notre Dame de Namur. She was murdered in Anapu, a city in the state of Pará, in the Amazon Basin of Brazil...

     (2005), American nun killed by business interests

Canada

  • Thomas D'Arcy McGee (1868), Father of Canadian Confederation
  • George Brown
    George Brown (Canadian politician)
    George Brown was a Scottish-born Canadian journalist, politician and one of the Fathers of Confederation...

     (1880), newspaper editor and Senator
  • William C. Hopkinson (1914), immigration officer, British intelligence agent, by Ghadarite sympathizer, Mewa Singh
  • Pierre Laporte
    Pierre Laporte
    Pierre Laporte was a Canadian lawyer, journalist and politician who was the Deputy Premier and Minister of Labour of the province of Quebec before being kidnapped and killed by members of the group Front de libération du Québec during the October Crisis. Mr...

     (1970), Quebec
    Quebec
    Quebec or is a province in east-central Canada. It is the only Canadian province with a predominantly French-speaking population and the only one whose sole official language is French at the provincial level....

     Minister of Labour, was kidnapped and murdered by the FLQ
    Front de libération du Québec
    The Front de libération du Québec was a left-wing Quebecois nationalist and Marxist-Leninist paramilitary group in Quebec, Canada. It was active between 1963 and 1970, and was regarded as a terrorist organization for its violent methods of action...

  • Atilla Altıkat
    Atilla Altikat
    Colonel Atilla Altikat was the Turkish military attaché to Ottawa, Canada, who was assassinated in 1982. The Armenian group, Justice Commandos Against Armenian Genocide, claimed responsibility for the attack. The act was forcefully condemned by the Prime Minister of Canada, Pierre Trudeau.Before...

     (1982), Turkish diplomat assassinated by Armenian nationalists in Ottawa
    Ottawa
    Ottawa is the capital of Canada, the second largest city in the Province of Ontario, and the fourth largest city in the country. The city is located on the south bank of the Ottawa River in the eastern portion of Southern Ontario...


Chile

  • René Schneider
    René Schneider
    General René Schneider Chereau was the commander-in-chief of the Chilean Army at the time of the 1970 Chilean presidential election, when he was assassinated during a botched kidnapping attempt. His murder virtually assured Salvador Allende's eventual overthrow and death in a coup three years later...

     (1970), Chilean general
  • Edmundo Pérez Zujovic
    Edmundo Pérez Zujovic
    Edmundo Pérez Zujovic was a Chilean politician of the Christian Democrat Party. He was minister of the Interior, Public Works and Finance under the government of President Eduardo Frei Montalva ....

     (1971), Chilean ex Secretary of interior affairs
  • Victor Jara
    Víctor Jara
    Víctor Lidio Jara Martínez was a Chilean teacher, theatre director, poet, singer-songwriter, political activist and member of the Communist Party of Chile...

     (1973), singer
  • Jaime Guzmán
    Jaime Guzmán
    Jaime Jorge Guzmán Errázuriz was a Chilean lawyer and senator, member and doctrinal founder of the conservative Independent Democrat Union party. He opposed Marxist President Salvador Allende and later became a close advisor to dictator Augusto Pinochet. A professor of Constitutional Law, he...

     (1991), Chilean Senator

Colombia

  • Antonio José de Sucre
    Antonio José de Sucre
    Antonio José de Sucre y Alcalá , known as the "Gran Mariscal de Ayacucho" , was a Venezuelan independence leader. Sucre was one of Simón Bolívar's closest friends, generals and statesmen.-Ancestry:...

     (1830), Venezuelan politician, statesman, soldier
  • Rafael Uribe Uribe
    Rafael Uribe Uribe
    Rafael Uribe Uribe was a Colombian lawyer, journalist, and general in the liberal party rebel army.-Early years:...

     (1914), Lawyer, journalist, diplomat, soldier
  • Jorge Eliécer Gaitán
    Jorge Eliécer Gaitán
    Jorge Eliécer Gaitán Ayala was a politician, a leader of a populist movement in Colombia, a former Education Minister and Labor Minister , mayor of Bogotá and one of the most charismatic leaders of the Liberal Party.He was assassinated during his second presidential campaign in 1948, setting off...

     (1948), Liberal Party leader
  • Rodrigo Lara Bonilla
    Rodrigo Lara Bonilla
    Rodrigo Lara Bonilla was a Colombian lawyer and politician, who served as Minister of Justice under President Belisario Betancur, and was assassinated by orders of Pablo Escobar because of his work as Minister in prosecuting cocaine traffickers mainly belonging to the Medellín Cartel.Lara's death...

     (1984), Minister of Justice
  • Jaime Pardo Leal
    Jaime Pardo Leal
    Jaime Pardo Leal was the candidate of the Patriotic Union for the presidency of Colombia in the 1986 elections.Members of the Patriotic Union became the target of multiple death threats and assassination attempts...

     (1987), Presidential candidate, leader of the Patriotic Union
    Patriotic Union (Colombia)
    The Patriotic Union or UP , was a leftist Colombian political party founded by the FARC and the Colombian Communist Party in 1985, as part of the peace negotiations that the guerrillas held with the Conservative Belisario Betancur administration...

     party
  • Guillermo Cano Isaza
    Guillermo Cano Isaza
    Guillermo Cano Isaza was a Colombian journalist.The editor of the daily El Espectador, he was murdered in front of the paper's offices by two hitmen linked to Colombia's drug cartels...

     (1986), Director of El Espectador
    El Espectador
    El Espectador is a newspaper with national circulation within Colombia, founded by Fidel Cano Gutiérrez on 22 March 1887 in Medellín and published since 1915 in Bogotá...

     newspaper
  • Luis Carlos Galán
    Luis Carlos Galán
    Luis Carlos Galán Sarmiento was a Colombian journalist and liberal politician who ran for the presidency of Colombia on two occasions, the first time representing the Liberal Party in 1982 which he lost to Belisario Betancur...

     (1989), Presidential candidate, leader of the Colombian Liberal Party
  • Bernardo Jaramillo Ossa
    Bernardo Jaramillo Ossa
    Bernardo Jaramillo Ossa was a Colombian politician member of the Colombian Communist Party...

     (1990 March 22), Presidential candidate, leader of the Patriotic Union
    Patriotic Union (Colombia)
    The Patriotic Union or UP , was a leftist Colombian political party founded by the FARC and the Colombian Communist Party in 1985, as part of the peace negotiations that the guerrillas held with the Conservative Belisario Betancur administration...

     party
  • Carlos Pizarro Leongómez
    Carlos Pizarro Leongómez
    Carlos Pizarro Leongómez was the fourth commander of the Colombian guerrilla group 19th of April Movement . Pizarro later ran for president of Colombia after the demobilization of M-19 that transformed the group into the political party, M-19 Democratic Alliance...

     (1990), Presidential candidate, leader of the M-19
    19th of April Movement
    The 19th of April Movement or M-19, was a Colombian guerrilla movement. After its demobilization it became a political party, the M-19 Democratic Alliance , or AD/M-19.The M-19 traced its origins to the allegedly fraudulent presidential elections of 19 April 1970...

     party
  • Diana Turbay
    Diana Turbay
    Diana Turbay Quintero was a Colombian journalist, killed during the rescue operation while kidnapped by the Medellín Cartel...

     (1991), journalist and daughter of former Colombian president Julio César Turbay Ayala
    Julio César Turbay Ayala
    Julio César Turbay Ayala was a Colombian politician, member of the Colombian Liberal Party, elected president of the Senate of Colombia and and, was president of Colombia from 1978 to 1982.- Biographic data :...

  • Andrés Escobar
    Andrés Escobar
    Andrés Escobar Saldarriaga , nicknamed "The Gentleman of Football", was a Colombian footballer who was shot and killed in Medellín. It is widely believed that he was murdered due to his own goal in the 1994 FIFA World Cup, which supposedly would have caused gambling losses to several powerful drug...

     (1994), International footballer
  • Manuel Cepeda Vargas
    Manuel Cepeda Vargas
    Manuel Cepeda Vargas was a lawyer and Senator of Colombia, gunned down in Bogotá on 9 August 1994 as part of a bloody repression of the Patriotic Union...

     (1994), Senator, leader of the Patriotic Union
    Patriotic Union (Colombia)
    The Patriotic Union or UP , was a leftist Colombian political party founded by the FARC and the Colombian Communist Party in 1985, as part of the peace negotiations that the guerrillas held with the Conservative Belisario Betancur administration...

     party
  • Alvaro Gómez Hurtado
    Álvaro Gómez Hurtado
    Álvaro Gómez Hurtado was a Colombian lawyer, politician, journalist and active member of the Colombian Conservative Party. Gómez was a son of the former President of Colombia, Laureano Gómez...

     (1995), former presidential candidate and director of El Nuevo Siglo
    El Nuevo Siglo
    El Nuevo Siglo is a daily newspaper published in Bogotá, Colombia. It was founded in 1936 by the conservatives Laureano Gómez and José de la Vega en Bogotá. In July 2007, it was run by Juan Gabriel Uribe...

     newspaper
  • Jaime Garzón
    Jaime Garzón
    Jaime Hernando Garzón Forero was a Colombian journalist, a comedian, lawyer, peace activist and political satirist. He was very popular on Colombian television during the 1990s, especially for his political satire. In addition to his work on television, he also had roles as a peace negotiator in...

     (1999), Notable journalist and satirist
  • Guillermo Gaviria Correa
    Guillermo Gaviria Correa
    Guillermo Gaviria Correa was the state governor of Antioquia, a province of over 6 million people in northwestern Colombia. Kidnapped by FARC guerrillas during a march against violence, he was held captive for a year in the mountains and was among ten fellow hostages killed by the FARC in response...

     (2003), Governor of Antioquia

Dominican Republic

  • Ulises Heureaux
    Ulises Heureaux
    Ulises Heureaux Lebert was president of the Dominican Republic from 1 September 1882 to 1 September 1883, from 6 January to 27 February 1887 and again from 30 April 1889 until his assassination, maintaining power between his terms.-Early life:Heureaux, affectionately known as Lilís, was born in...

     (1899), president of the Dominican Republic
    Dominican Republic
    The Dominican Republic is a nation on the island of La Hispaniola, part of the Greater Antilles archipelago in the Caribbean region. The western third of the island is occupied by the nation of Haiti, making Hispaniola one of two Caribbean islands that are shared by two countries...

  • Rafael Leónidas Trujillo
    Rafael Leónidas Trujillo
    Rafael Leónidas Trujillo Molina , nicknamed El Jefe , ruled the Dominican Republic from 1930 until his assassination in 1961. He officially served as president from 1930 to 1938 and again from 1942 to 1952, otherwise ruling as an unelected military strongman...

     (1961 May 30), Dominican Republic dictator, shot in ambush
  • Francisco Alberto Caamaño Deñó (1973)

Ecuador

  • Gabriel García Moreno
    Gabriel García Moreno
    Gabriel Gregorio Fernando José María García y Moreno y Morán de Buitrón was an Ecuadorian statesman who twice served as President of Ecuador and was assassinated during his second term, after being elected to a third term...

     (1875), president of Ecuador
    Ecuador
    Ecuador , officially the Republic of Ecuador is a representative democratic republic in South America, bordered by Colombia on the north, Peru on the east and south, and by the Pacific Ocean to the west. It is one of only two countries in South America, along with Chile, that do not have a border...

     known for his support of the Catholic Church
  • Jaime Hurtado
    Jaime Hurtado
    Jaime Hurtado González was an Ecuadorian politician of African descent aligned with the Democratic People's Movement, a deputy in the Ecuadorian parliament, and at the time of his death was standing for election to the Ecuadorian presidency.-Assassination:Sources loyal to the DPM state that...

     and Pablo Tapia (1999), communist legislators, in Quito
    Quito
    San Francisco de Quito, most often called Quito , is the capital city of Ecuador in northwestern South America. It is located in north-central Ecuador in the Guayllabamba river basin, on the eastern slopes of Pichincha, an active stratovolcano in the Andes mountains...

  • Luis Edgar Devia Silva (a.k.a. Raúl Reyes) (2008), FARC spokesman

El Salvador

  • Manuel Enrique Araujo
    Manuel Enrique Araujo
    Dr. Manuel Enrique Araujo was President of El Salvador 1 March 1911 - 8 February 1913. was a physician and political Salvadoran President of the Republic .Of maternal Portuguese blood.Born in the town of Alegria, in the department of Usulután, El Salvador...

     (1913), President of El Salvador
    President of El Salvador
    This page contains a list of Presidents of El Salvador.-Heads of State of El Salvador within the Federal Republic of Central America :*Pedro Barriere : 21 September 1821 - 28 November 1821*José Matías Delgado : 28 Nov 1821 - 9 February 1823...

  • Farabundo Martí
    Farabundo Martí
    Augustín Farabundo Martí Rodríguez was a social activist and a revolutionary leader in El Salvador.-Early life:Martí was born in Teotepeque, a farming community located in Departamento de La Libertad, El Salvador...

     (1932), communist leader and peasant revolt organizer.
  • Roque Dalton
    Roque Dalton
    Roque Dalton García was a Salvadoran poet and journalist. He is considered one of Latin America's most compelling poets...

     (1975), poet and revolutionary.
  • Rutilio Grande García, S.J.
    Rutilio Grande
    Rutilio Grande García was a Jesuit priest in El Salvador and a promoter of liberation theology. He was assassinated in 1977, along with two other Salvadorans. He was a close friend of Archbishop Óscar Arnulfo Romero...

     (1977), Roman Catholic priest
  • Alfonso Navarro Oviedo
    Alfonso Navarro
    Fr. Alfonso Navarro Oviedo was a Roman Catholic priest in El Salvador who was assassinated in 1977. He served under Archbishop Óscar Arnulfo Romero y Galdámez...

     (1977), Roman Catholic priest
  • Ernesto Barrera
    Ernesto Barrera
    Fr. Ernesto Barrera was a Roman Catholic priest in El Salvador who was assassinated in 1978. He served under Archbishop Óscar Arnulfo Romero y Galdámez. His murder was characterized by Romero as part of a systematic persecution of the Catholic Church and oppression against efforts to reform a...

     (1978), Roman Catholic priest
  • Octavio Ortiz Luna
    Octavio Ortiz
    Fr. Octavio Ortiz Luna was a Roman Catholic priest in El Salvador who was assassinated on January 20, 1979. He served under Archbishop Óscar Arnulfo Romero y Galdámez...

     (1979), Roman Catholic priest
  • Rafael Palacios (1979), Roman Catholic priest
  • Alirio Napoleón Macías
    Napoleón Macías
    Fr. Alirio Napoleón Macías was a Roman Catholic priest in El Salvador who was assassinated in 1979. He served under Archbishop Óscar Arnulfo Romero y Galdámez. His murder was characterized by Romero as part of a systematic persecution of the Catholic Church and oppression against efforts to reform...

     (1979), Roman Catholic priest
  • Óscar Arnulfo Romero (1980), Archbishop of San Salvador
    Roman Catholic Archdiocese of San Salvador
    The Archdiocese of San Salvador is the chief ecclesiastical division of El Salvador, serving the Salvadoran capital, San Salvador, and surrounding region. The current archbishop of San Salvador is Msgr. José Luis Escobar Alas...

    , by right-wing death squad
  • Enrique Álvarez Córdova
    Enrique Alvarez
    Enrique Álvarez Córdova was a politician and statesman of El Salvador. He attended Rutgers University in New Brunswick, NJ. During his time there he was involved in Kappa Sigma Fraternity...

     (1980) and five other leaders of the opposition Democratic Revolutionary Front ("FDR," for its Spanish initials), captured and killed by government aligned security forces.
  • Ita Ford
    Ita Ford
    Ita Ford, M.M. was a Roman Catholic Maryknoll Sister missionary to Bolivia, Chile and El Salvador. She worked with the poor and war refugees. On December 2, 1980, she was tortured, raped, and murdered, along with fellow missionaries Maura Clarke, M.M., laywoman Jean Donovan, and Dorothy Kazel,...

    , Maura Clarke
    Maura Clarke
    Sister Maura Clarke, M.M., was an American Roman Catholic Maryknoll Sister, who served as a missionary in Nicaragua and El Salvador. She worked with the poor and refugees in Central America from 1959 until her death in 1980...

    , Dorothy Kazel
    Dorothy Kazel
    Dorothy Kazel was an American Ursuline nun and missionary to El Salvador. On December 2, 1980, she and fellow missionaries Ita Ford, Jean Donovan and Maura Clarke were raped and murdered by members of the military of El Salvador.-Life and work:Kazel was born Dorthea Lu Kazel to Lithuanian American...

    , and Jean Donovan
    Jean Donovan
    Jean Donovan was an American lay missionary who was murdered with three nuns in El Salvador by a military death squad while volunteering to do charity work during the civil war there.-Life:...

     (1980), Roman Catholic nun
    Nun
    A nun is a woman who has taken vows committing her to live a spiritual life. She may be an ascetic who voluntarily chooses to leave mainstream society and live her life in prayer and contemplation in a monastery or convent...

    s, by the National Guard of El Salvador
    El Salvador
    El Salvador or simply Salvador is the smallest and the most densely populated country in Central America. The country's capital city and largest city is San Salvador; Santa Ana and San Miguel are also important cultural and commercial centers in the country and in all of Central America...

  • Albert Schaufelberger
    Albert Schaufelberger
    Albert Schaufelberger was a United States Navy Lieutenant Commander who was assassinated in El Salvador.-Background:Schaufelberger was a graduate of the United States Naval Academy at Annapolis and was an avid sprint American football and lacrosse player while in college...

     (1983), senior U.S. Naval representative
  • Ignacio Ellacuría
    Ignacio Ellacuría
    Ignacio Ellacuría, S.J. was a Jesuit priest, philosopher, and theologian who did important work as a professor and rector at the Universidad Centroamericana "José Simeón Cañas" , a Jesuit university in El Salvador founded in 1965...

     (1989), Roman Catholic Jesuit priest
    Priest
    A priest is a person authorized to perform the sacred rites of a religion, especially as a mediatory agent between humans and deities. They also have the authority or power to administer religious rites; in particular, rites of sacrifice to, and propitiation of, a deity or deities...

    , by Atlacatl Battalion
    Atlacatl Battalion
    The Atlacatl Battalion, a former Salvadoran Army unit, was a rapid-response, counter-insurgency battalion created in 1980 at the U.S. Army's School of the Americas, then located in Panama. It was implicated in some of the most infamous incidents of the Salvadoran Civil War...

     of the Salvadoran Army
    Military of El Salvador
    The Armed Forces of El Salvador, in Spanish Fuerza Armada de El Salvador is the official name of the combined armed forces of El Salvador...

  • Ignacio Martin-Baro
    Ignacio Martín-Baró
    Ignacio Martín-Baró, S.J. was a scholar, social psychologist, philosopher and Jesuit priest...

     (1989), Roman Catholic Jesuit priest
    Priest
    A priest is a person authorized to perform the sacred rites of a religion, especially as a mediatory agent between humans and deities. They also have the authority or power to administer religious rites; in particular, rites of sacrifice to, and propitiation of, a deity or deities...

    , by Atlacatl Battalion
    Atlacatl Battalion
    The Atlacatl Battalion, a former Salvadoran Army unit, was a rapid-response, counter-insurgency battalion created in 1980 at the U.S. Army's School of the Americas, then located in Panama. It was implicated in some of the most infamous incidents of the Salvadoran Civil War...

     of the Salvadoran Army
    Military of El Salvador
    The Armed Forces of El Salvador, in Spanish Fuerza Armada de El Salvador is the official name of the combined armed forces of El Salvador...

  • Segundo Montes
    Segundo Montes
    Segundo Montes, S.J. was a scholar, philosopher, educator, sociologist and Jesuit priest...

     (1989), Roman Catholic Jesuit priest
    Priest
    A priest is a person authorized to perform the sacred rites of a religion, especially as a mediatory agent between humans and deities. They also have the authority or power to administer religious rites; in particular, rites of sacrifice to, and propitiation of, a deity or deities...

    , by Atlacatl Battalion
    Atlacatl Battalion
    The Atlacatl Battalion, a former Salvadoran Army unit, was a rapid-response, counter-insurgency battalion created in 1980 at the U.S. Army's School of the Americas, then located in Panama. It was implicated in some of the most infamous incidents of the Salvadoran Civil War...

     of the Salvadoran Army
    Military of El Salvador
    The Armed Forces of El Salvador, in Spanish Fuerza Armada de El Salvador is the official name of the combined armed forces of El Salvador...

  • María Cristina Gómez
    María Cristina Gómez
    María Cristina Gómez was a Baptist primary school teacher and community leader in El Salvador who was abducted and murdered on April 5, 1989.-Christian mission:...

    , 1989, teacher
    Teacher
    A teacher or schoolteacher is a person who provides education for pupils and students . The role of teacher is often formal and ongoing, carried out at a school or other place of formal education. In many countries, a person who wishes to become a teacher must first obtain specified professional...

     and community leader
    Community leader
    A Community Leader is a designation, often by secondary sources , for a person who is perceived to represent a community. A simple way to understand community leadership is to see it as leadership in, for and by the community...


Guatemala

  • José María Reina Barrios
    José María Reina Barrios
    José María Reina Barrios was President of Guatemala from 15 March 1892 through 8 February 1898. He was born in San Marcos, Guatemala...

     (1898), President of Guatemala
  • Carlos Castillo Armas
    Carlos Castillo Armas
    Carlos Castillo Armas was a Guatemalan Colonel who came to power in a CIA-orchestrated coup in 1954. He held the title of President of Guatemala from July 8, 1954 until his assassination in 1957.-The coup:...

     (1957), president of Guatemala
    President of Guatemala
    The title of President of Guatemala has been the usual title of the leader of Guatemala since 1839, when that title was assumed by Mariano Rivera Paz...

    , killed by bodyguard
  • Karl von Spreti
    Karl von Spreti
    Count Karl Maria von Spreti was a German diplomat. He is best known as the West German Ambassador to Guatemala from 1968 until his assassination in 1970...

     (1970), German ambassador in Guatemala
    Guatemala
    Guatemala is a country in Central America bordered by Mexico to the north and west, the Pacific Ocean to the southwest, Belize to the northeast, the Caribbean to the east, and Honduras and El Salvador to the southeast...

  • Alberto Fuentes Mohr
    Alberto Fuentes Mohr
    Alberto Fuentes Mohr was a Guatemalan economist and politician, one of the founders of the Social Democratic Party. He also served as finance minister and foreign minister during the 1960s.-Biography:...

     (1979), Social Democratic Party leader
  • Manuel Colom Argueta
    Manuel Colom Argueta
    Manuel Colom Argueta was mayor of Guatemala City and an important progressive leader of the opposition in Guatemala....

     (1979), Mayor of Guatemala City
    Guatemala City
    Guatemala City , is the capital and largest city of the Republic of Guatemala and Central America...

  • Jorge Carpio Nicolle
    Jorge Carpio Nicolle
    Jorge Carpio Nicolle was a prominent Guatemalan politician and newspaper publisher. He was the founder of the Unión del Centro Nacional in 1984, and ran as the party's candidate for president in the elections of 1985 and 1990. He came in second in both elections...

     (1993), Liberal politician and journalist
  • Juan José Gerardi (1998), Roman Catholic bishop

Guyana

  • Leo J. Ryan (1978), US Congressman (D) from San Mateo, California; killed while investigating religious cult led by American Jim Jones
  • Fr. Bernard Darke, S.J.
    Society of Jesus
    The Society of Jesus is a Catholic male religious order that follows the teachings of the Catholic Church. The members are called Jesuits, and are also known colloquially as "God's Army" and as "The Company," these being references to founder Ignatius of Loyola's military background and a...

     (1979), Roman Catholic priest and Scouting pioneer in Guyana
  • Walter Rodney
    Walter Rodney
    Walter Rodney was a prominent Guyanese historian and political activist, who was assassinated in Guyana in 1980.-Career:...

     (1980), Guyanese
    Guyana
    Guyana , officially the Co-operative Republic of Guyana, previously the colony of British Guiana, is a sovereign state on the northern coast of South America that is culturally part of the Anglophone Caribbean. Guyana was a former colony of the Dutch and of the British...

     historian and political figure
  • Satyadeow Sawh
    Satyadeow Sawh
    Satyadeow Sawh was the Agriculture Minister of Guyana and prominent Hindu politician in Guyana. He also served, at various times as ambassador to: Colombia, Venezuela, and Ecuador....

     (2006), Agriculture Minister was murdered along with his brother and sister, a security guard by masked gunmen dressed in military fatigues

Haiti

  • Jean-Jacques Dessalines
    Jean-Jacques Dessalines
    Jean-Jacques Dessalines was a leader of the Haitian Revolution and the first ruler of an independent Haiti under the 1801 constitution. Initially regarded as Governor-General, Dessalines later named himself Emperor Jacques I of Haiti...

     (1806), Emperor
    Emperor
    An emperor is a monarch, usually the sovereign ruler of an empire or another type of imperial realm. Empress, the female equivalent, may indicate an emperor's wife or a woman who rules in her own right...

     of Haiti
    Haiti
    Haiti , officially the Republic of Haiti , is a Caribbean country. It occupies the western, smaller portion of the island of Hispaniola, in the Greater Antillean archipelago, which it shares with the Dominican Republic. Ayiti was the indigenous Taíno or Amerindian name for the island...

  • Antoine Izméry
    Antoine Izméry
    Antoine Izméry was a Haïtian businessman and pro-democracy activist.-Career:Izméry, who was of Palestinian descent, was among the wealthiest people in Haïti. He was one of the most prominent backers of former President Jean-Bertrand Aristide, and helped finance his election campaign...

     (1993), businessman and Lavalas
    Struggling People's Organization
    The Struggling People's Organization is a Haitian political party originating from the Lavalas political movement...

     supporter
  • Guy Malary
    Guy Malary
    Guy Malary was a Justice Minister of Haiti, appointed by Jean-Bertrand Aristide in 1991 and continuing in office under the post-1991 Haitian coup d'état regime. He was killed in an ambush along with his bodyguards. "According to the petitioners [to the Inter-American Court of Human Rights], in...

     (1993), minister of justice
  • Jean Dominique
    Jean Dominique
    Jean Léopold Dominique was a noted Haïtian journalist who spoke out against successive dictatorships. He was one of the first people in Haïti to broadcast in Kreyòl, the language spoken by most of the populace...

     (2000), journalist
  • Jacques Roche
    Jacques Roche
    Jacques Roche was a prominent journalist and poet of Haiti. He was kidnapped on July 11, 2005, and was found dead on July 14, 2005. Television footage showed him tied to a chair and mutilated. Police say he was tortured, his tongue cut out, then shot....

     (2005), journalist

Honduras

  • Maximiliano Hernández Martínez
    Maximiliano Hernández Martínez
    Maximiliano Hernández Martínez was the President of El Salvador from 1931 to 1944...

     (1966), president of El Salvador from 1931 to 1944
  • Mario Fernando Hernández
    Mario Fernando Hernández
    Mario Fernando Hernández Bonilla was a Liberal Party congressman for the Cortés Department in Honduras from January 2006 until his death. He was secretary for the legislative committee on Industry and Commerce and the legislative committee on Drug Trafficking and Security and was also a member of...

     (2008), deputy speaker of Congress for the Liberal Party

Mexico

  • Motecuhzoma II Xocoyotl
    Moctezuma II
    Moctezuma , also known by a number of variant spellings including Montezuma, Moteuczoma, Motecuhzoma and referred to in full by early Nahuatl texts as Motecuhzoma Xocoyotzin, was the ninth tlatoani or ruler of Tenochtitlan, reigning from 1502 to 1520...

     (1520), Mexica Emperor
    Tlatoani
    Tlatoani is the Nahuatl term for the ruler of an altepetl, a pre-Hispanic state. The word literally means "speaker", but may be translated into English as "king". A is a female ruler, or queen regnant....

  • Francisco I. Madero
    Francisco I. Madero
    Francisco Ignacio Madero González was a politician, writer and revolutionary who served as President of Mexico from 1911 to 1913. As a respectable upper-class politician, he supplied a center around which opposition to the dictatorship of Porfirio Díaz could coalesce...

     (1913 February 23), President of Mexico
    President of Mexico
    The President of the United Mexican States is the head of state and government of Mexico. Under the Constitution, the president is also the Supreme Commander of the Mexican armed forces...

     plus Gustavo A. Madero
    Gustavo A. Madero
    Gustavo Adolfo Madero also known to many as "Ojo Pardo" , born in Parras de la Fuente, Coahuila, Mexico, was a participant in the Mexican Revolution against Porfirio Díaz along with other members of his wealthy family....

     and José María Pino Suárez
    José María Pino Suárez
    José María Pino Suárez was a Mexican statesman, revolutionary, poet, journalist and jurist who served as Vice President of Mexico , Secreatry of Education and Governor of Yucatán...

  • Abraham González
    Abraham González
    Abraham González Casavantes was the provisional and constitutional governor of the Mexican state of Chihuahua during the early period of the Mexican Revolution...

     (1913 March 7), revolutionary, governor of Chihuahua and mentor to Pancho Villa
  • Emiliano Zapata
    Emiliano Zapata
    Emiliano Zapata Salazar was a leading figure in the Mexican Revolution, which broke out in 1910, and which was initially directed against the president Porfirio Díaz. He formed and commanded an important revolutionary force, the Liberation Army of the South, during the Mexican Revolution...

     (1919), revolutionary
  • Venustiano Carranza
    Venustiano Carranza
    Venustiano Carranza de la Garza, was one of the leaders of the Mexican Revolution. He ultimately became President of Mexico following the overthrow of the dictatorial Huerta regime in the summer of 1914 and during his administration the current constitution of Mexico was drafted...

     (1920 May 20), President of Mexico
  • Doroteo Arango a.k.a. Pancho Villa
    Pancho Villa
    José Doroteo Arango Arámbula – better known by his pseudonym Francisco Villa or its hypocorism Pancho Villa – was one of the most prominent Mexican Revolutionary generals....

     (1923 July 20), revolutionary
  • Felipe Carrillo Puerto
    Felipe Carrillo Puerto
    Felipe Carrillo Puerto was a Governor of the Mexican state of Yucatán. He was born in the town of Motul, Yucatán, and was of partly indigenous Mayan background; he was rumored to be a descendant of the Nachi Cocom dynasty of Mayapan. He was a socialist who favored land reform, women's suffrage,...

     (1924), Governor of Yucatán
    Governor of Yucatán
    According to the Political Constitution of the Free and Sovereign State of Yucatán, the exercise of the Executive Power of this Mexican state is placed in a single individual, that Constitutional Governor of the Free and Sovereign State of Yucatán who is chosen for a period of 6 years and is not...

  • Álvaro Obregón
    Álvaro Obregón
    General Álvaro Obregón Salido was the President of Mexico from 1920 to 1924. He was assassinated in 1928, shortly after winning election to another presidential term....

     (1928 July 17), President-elect
  • Julio Antonio Mella
    Julio Antonio Mella
    Julio Antonio Mella was a founder of the "internationalized" Cuban Communist Party.Mella studied law in the University of Havana until he was expelled in 1925 and is considered a hero by the present Cuban government. Some Cubans view him as a victim of the Stalin-Trotsky struggle...

     (1929), Cuban revolutionary
  • Leon Trotsky
    Leon Trotsky
    Leon Trotsky , born Lev Davidovich Bronshtein, was a Russian Marxist revolutionary and theorist, Soviet politician, and the founder and first leader of the Red Army....

     (1940 August 20), Russian communist leader
  • Enrique Camarena
    Enrique Camarena
    Enrique "Kiki" Camarena Salazar Enrique "Kiki" Camarena Salazar Enrique "Kiki" Camarena Salazar (Mexicali, Baja California, Mexico July 26, 1947 - c. (Guadalajara, Jalisco, Mexico, February 9, 1985) was an undercover agent for the United States Drug Enforcement Administration who was abducted on...

     (1985), policeman
  • Carlos Loret de Mola Mediz
    Carlos Loret de Mola Mediz
    Carlos Loret de Mola Mediz a Mexican politician and journalist, a member of the Institutional Revolutionary Party, was deputy, senator and Governor of Yucatán. Born on the midst of a humble family...

     (1986), Journalist and State governor
  • Juan Jesús Posadas Ocampo (1993), Roman Catholic Cardinal
    Cardinal (Catholicism)
    A cardinal is a senior ecclesiastical official, usually an ordained bishop, and ecclesiastical prince of the Catholic Church. They are collectively known as the College of Cardinals, which as a body elects a new pope. The duties of the cardinals include attending the meetings of the College and...

     of Guadalajara
    Guadalajara, Jalisco
    Guadalajara is the capital of the Mexican state of Jalisco, and the seat of the municipality of Guadalajara. The city is located in the central region of Jalisco in the western-pacific area of Mexico. With a population of 1,564,514 it is Mexico's second most populous municipality...

    , at the Guadalajara Airport
    Don Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla International Airport
    Guadalajara International Airport , also known as Don Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla International Airport . It opened in 1966 and is located 16 km south of the city centre of Guadalajara. In 2010, the airport handled 6,953,900 passengers, representing a 7.8% increase from 2009...

  • Luis Donaldo Colosio
    Luis Donaldo Colosio
    Luis Donaldo Colosio Murrieta was a Mexican politician, and PRI presidential candidate, who was assassinated at a campaign rally in Tijuana during the Mexican Presidential campaign of 1994.-Political history:...

     (1994 March 23), Presidential candidate
  • Francisco Ortiz Franco
    Francisco Ortiz Franco
    Francisco Javier Ortiz Franco was a Mexican journalist.He was shot five times at the wheel of his car by masked gunmen in a drive-by shooting...

     (1994), contributing editor to Zeta
    Zeta (magazine)
    Zeta is a Mexican magazine published every Friday in Tijuana by Choix Editores. This publication regularly runs exposés on the local and federal governments as well as on organized crime. As a result, its co-founder and co-director J. Jesús Blancornelas suffered several murder attempts, including...

    .
  • José Francisco Ruiz Massieu
    José Francisco Ruiz Massieu
    José Francisco Ruiz Massieu was a Mexican political figure. He was governor of Guerrero from 1987 to 1993. He then served as the secretary-general of the Institutional Revolutionary Party in 1994...

     (1994), Secretary-General of the Partido Revolucionario Institucional
  • Paco Stanley
    Paco Stanley
    Francisco "Paco" Jorge Stanley Albaitero was a Mexican television entertainer. He studied law at the National Autonomous University of Mexico . Paco Stanley also specialized in Psychology, Marketing and Advertising....

     (1999), Comedian
  • Digna Ochoa
    Digna Ochoa
    Digna Ochoa was a human rights lawyer in Mexico. She was born in Misantla, in the state of Veracruz.- Biography :...

     (2001), human rights lawyer
  • Jesús Manuel Lara Rodríguez
    Jesús Manuel Lara Rodríguez
    Jesús Manuel Lara Rodríguez was a Mexican politician murdered in the ongoing drug war in his country. He was the mayor of Guadalupe, Chihuahua, in the extreme northern part of Mexico near the United States border, from 2007 till 2010....

     (2010), Mayor of Guadalupe
    Guadalupe, Chihuahua
    Guadalupe is a city and seat of the municipality of Guadalupe, in the northern Mexican state of Chihuahua. As of 2010, the town had a total population of 3,022 inhabitants....

  • Rodolfo Torre Cantú
    Rodolfo Torre Cantú
    Rodolfo Torre Cantú was a Mexican physician and politician. He held a number of public offices, such as Federal deputy, Secretary of Health of Tamaulipas and Director-general of the DIF in Ciudad Victoria...

     (2010), politician

Nicaragua

  • Augusto César Sandino
    Augusto César Sandino
    Augusto Nicolás Calderón Sandino was a Nicaraguan revolutionary and leader of a rebellion against the U.S. military occupation of Nicaragua between 1927 and 1933...

     (1934), Nicaragua
    Nicaragua
    Nicaragua is the largest country in the Central American American isthmus, bordered by Honduras to the north and Costa Rica to the south. The country is situated between 11 and 14 degrees north of the Equator in the Northern Hemisphere, which places it entirely within the tropics. The Pacific Ocean...

    n revolutionary
  • Anastasio Somoza García
    Anastasio Somoza García
    Anastasio Somoza García was officially the President of Nicaragua from 1 January 1937 to 1 May 1947 and from 21 May 1950 to 29 September 1956, but ruled effectively as dictator from 1936 until his assassination.-Biography:Somoza was born in San Marcos, Carazo Department in Nicaragua, the son of...

     (1956 September 21), President of Nicaragua
    President of Nicaragua
    The position of President of Nicaragua was created in the Constitution of 1854. From 1825 until the Constitution of 1838 the title of the position was known as Head of State and from 1838 to 1854 as Supreme Director .-Heads of State of Nicaragua within the Federal Republic of Central America...

  • Pedro Joaquín Chamorro Cardenal (1978), newspaper editor, Nicaraguan Somoza opposition
  • Anastasio Somoza Debayle
    Anastasio Somoza Debayle
    Anastasio Somoza Debayle was a Nicaraguan leader and officially the 73rd and 76th President of Nicaragua from 1 May 1967 to 1 May 1972 and from 1 December 1974 to 17 July 1979. As head of the National Guard, he was de facto ruler of the country from 1967 to 1979...

     (1980 September 17), former President, ambushed in Paraguay
  • Enrique Bermúdez
    Enrique Bermúdez
    Enrique Bermúdez Varela was a Nicaraguan who founded and commanded the Nicaraguan Contras. In this capacity, he became a central global figure in one of the most prominent conflicts of the Cold War....

     (1991) founder and former top commander of the the Nicaraguan Contras.

Panama

  • José Antonio Remón Cantera
    José Antonio Remón Cantera
    José Antonio Remón Cantera , was president of Panama from 1 October 1952 until his murder by machine-gun fire at a Panama City racetrack - on 2 January 1955. He belonged to the National Patriotic Coalition....

     (1955 January 2), President of Panama, killed at racetrack by machine gun

Paraguay

  • Juan Bautista Gill
    Juan Bautista Gill
    Juan Bautista Gill García was President of Paraguay from November 25, 1874 to April 12, 1877.Juan Bautista Gill Garcia del Barrio was born in Asunción. In 1854 he traveled to Buenos Aires where he did his secondary education and medical training, which he failed to finish. His parents were Juan...

     (1877), President of Paraguay
    President of Paraguay
    The President of Paraguay is according to the Paraguayan Constitution the Chief of the Executive branch of the Government of Paraguay...

  • Anastasio Somoza Debayle
    Anastasio Somoza Debayle
    Anastasio Somoza Debayle was a Nicaraguan leader and officially the 73rd and 76th President of Nicaragua from 1 May 1967 to 1 May 1972 and from 1 December 1974 to 17 July 1979. As head of the National Guard, he was de facto ruler of the country from 1967 to 1979...

     (1980), former President of Nicaragua
    President of Nicaragua
    The position of President of Nicaragua was created in the Constitution of 1854. From 1825 until the Constitution of 1838 the title of the position was known as Head of State and from 1838 to 1854 as Supreme Director .-Heads of State of Nicaragua within the Federal Republic of Central America...

  • Luis María Argaña
    Luis María Argaña
    Luis María del Corazón de Jesús Dionisio Argaña Ferraro was a prominent politician in Paraguay and influential member of the Colorado Party until his assassination in 1999....

     (1999 March 23), vice president of Paraguay
    Paraguay
    Paraguay , officially the Republic of Paraguay , is a landlocked country in South America. It is bordered by Argentina to the south and southwest, Brazil to the east and northeast, and Bolivia to the northwest. Paraguay lies on both banks of the Paraguay River, which runs through the center of the...

    , ambushed

Peru

  • Francisco Pizarro
    Francisco Pizarro
    Francisco Pizarro González, Marquess was a Spanish conquistador, conqueror of the Incan Empire, and founder of Lima, the modern-day capital of the Republic of Peru.-Early life:...

     (1541), Spanish conquistador
    Conquistador
    Conquistadors were Spanish soldiers, explorers, and adventurers who brought much of the Americas under the control of Spain in the 15th to 16th centuries, following Europe's discovery of the New World by Christopher Columbus in 1492...

    , in Peru
    Peru
    Peru , officially the Republic of Peru , is a country in western South America. It is bordered on the north by Ecuador and Colombia, on the east by Brazil, on the southeast by Bolivia, on the south by Chile, and on the west by the Pacific Ocean....

  • Jose Balta
    José Balta
    José Balta y Montero was a Peruvian soldier and politician who was president of Peru from 1868 to 1872. He was the son of John Balta Bru and Agustina Montero Casafranca....

     (1872), President of Peru
  • Luis M. Sánchez Cerro
    Luis Miguel Sánchez Cerro
    Luis Miguel Sánchez Cerro was a high-ranking Peruvian army officer and President of Peru from 1931 to 1933. On August 22, 1930, as a lieutenant-colonel, he overturned the eleven-year dictatorship of Augusto B...

     (1933), president of Peru
  • María Elena Moyano
    María Elena Moyano
    María Elena Moyano Delgado was a Peruvian community organizer and activist of Afro-Peruvian descent who was assassinated by the maoist Shining Path insurgent movement...

     (1992), a community organizer in Villa El Salvador
    Villa El Salvador
    Villa El Salvador is an urban, largely residential district on the outskirts of Lima, Peru. It borders the district of Chorrillos on the east; the Pacific Ocean on the southwest; Lurín on the southeast; Villa María del Triunfo on the east and San Juan de Miraflores on the north.- History :It began...


Puerto Rico

  • Arnaldo Darío Rosado
    Arnaldo Darío Rosado
    Arnaldo Darío Rosado Torres was an activist for the independence of Puerto Rico from a very young age. On July 25, 1978 he was killed by police officers after being lured into bombing the communication towers on Cerro Maravilla by undercover agent, Alejandro González Malavé.The killing of both...

    , independence movement supporter
  • Carlos Soto Arriví
    Carlos Soto Arriví
    Carlos Enrique Soto Arriví was an activist for the independence of Puerto Rico. On July 25, 1978 he was killed by police officers after being lured into bombing the communication towers on Cerro Maravilla by undercover agent, Alejandro González Malavé.The killing of both men spawned a...

    , independence movement supporter
  • Luis Vigoreaux
    Luis Vigoreaux
    Luis Vigoreaux Rivera was a Puerto Rican radio and television show host, announcer, comedian and producer. The son of a sugar worker, Vigoreaux became one of the most popular television entertainers in Puerto Rico's history....

    , television show host
  • Alejandro Gonzalez Malave
    Alejandro González Malavé
    Alejandro González Malavé was a Puerto Rican undercover agent who gained infamy with the Cerro Maravilla case scandal.González Malavé, an outspoken university political leader, graduated as a policeman in 1979, the same year he went to work undercover...

    , undercover policeman involved in the assassinations of Rosado and Soto Arrivi

United States


For a list of assassinated American politicians see List of assassinated American politicians
  • Elijah P. Lovejoy
    Elijah P. Lovejoy
    Elijah Parish Lovejoy was an American Presbyterian minister, journalist, newspaper editor and abolitionist. He was murdered by an opposition mob in Alton, Illinois during their attack on his warehouse to destroy his press and abolitionist materials.Lovejoy's father was a Congregational minister...

     (1837), editor of an abolitionist newspaper, the "Alton Observer
    Alton Observer
    The Alton Observer was an abolitionist newspaper established in Alton, Illinois by the journalist and newspaper editor Elijah Lovejoy after he was forced to flee St. Louis, Missouri. Lovejoy left St. Louis, where he edited the St...

    ", by a mob of pro-slavery advocates.
  • James Strang
    James Strang
    James Jesse Strang was an American religious leader, politician and self-proclaimed monarch who founded the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints , a faction of the Latter Day Saint movement...

     (1856), Michigan State Representative and leader of the Strangite Church
    Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints (Strangite)
    The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints is a denomination of the Latter Day Saint movement with around three hundred members as of 1998...

    .
  • Abraham Lincoln
    Abraham Lincoln
    Abraham Lincoln was the 16th President of the United States, serving from March 1861 until his assassination in April 1865. He successfully led his country through a great constitutional, military and moral crisis – the American Civil War – preserving the Union, while ending slavery, and...

     (1865), 16th President of the United States.
  • James A. Garfield (1881), 20th President of the United States.
  • David Hennessy (1890), Police Chief of New Orleans.
  • Samuel Newitt Wood
    Samuel Newitt Wood
    Samuel Newitt Wood was an American attorney and politician.Wood represented Chase, Morris, and Madison counties in the Kansas Territorial Legislature in 1860 and 1861, was a member of the first Kansas State Senate in 1861 and again in 1867, a member of the Kansas House of Representatives in 1864,...

     (1891), Kansas Legislator and Senator.
  • Carter Harrison
    Carter Harrison, Sr.
    Carter Henry Harrison, Sr. was an American politician who served as mayor of Chicago, Illinois from 1879 until 1887; he was subsequently elected to a fifth term in 1893 but was assassinated before completing his term. He previously served two terms in the United States House of Representatives...

     (1893), Mayor of Chicago.
  • William Goebel
    William Goebel
    William Justus Goebel was an American politician who served as the 34th Governor of Kentucky for a few days in 1900 after having been mortally wounded by an assassin the day before he was sworn in...

     (1900), governor of Kentucky
    Kentucky
    The Commonwealth of Kentucky is a state located in the East Central United States of America. As classified by the United States Census Bureau, Kentucky is a Southern state, more specifically in the East South Central region. Kentucky is one of four U.S. states constituted as a commonwealth...

    .
  • William McKinley
    William McKinley
    William McKinley, Jr. was the 25th President of the United States . He is best known for winning fiercely fought elections, while supporting the gold standard and high tariffs; he succeeded in forging a Republican coalition that for the most part dominated national politics until the 1930s...

     (1901), 25th President of the United States.
  • Don Mellett
    Don Mellett
    Donald Ring Mellett was an American newspaper editor, who was assassinated after confronting local organized crime in his newspaper....

     (1926), newspaper editor and campaigner against organized crime.
  • Anton Cermak
    Anton Cermak
    Anton Joseph Cermak was the mayor of Chicago, Illinois, from 1931 until his assassination by Giuseppe Zangara in 1933.-Early life and career:...

     (1931), Mayor of Chicago.
  • Huey Long
    Huey Long
    Huey Pierce Long, Jr. , nicknamed The Kingfish, served as the 40th Governor of Louisiana from 1928–1932 and as a U.S. Senator from 1932 to 1935. A Democrat, he was noted for his radical populist policies. Though a backer of Franklin D...

     (1935), U.S. Senator, Louisiana.
  • Walter Liggett
    Walter Liggett
    Walter W. Liggett , was an American journalist.Liggett was a crusading newspaper editor in the Minnesota of the 1930s...

     (1935), Minnesota newspaper editor.
  • Carlo Tresca
    Carlo Tresca
    Carlo Tresca was an Italian-born American newspaper editor, orator, and labor organizer who was a leader of the Industrial Workers of the World during the decade of the 1910s. Tresca is remembered as a leading public opponent of fascism, stalinism, and Mafia infiltration of the trade union movement...

     (1943), anarchist organizer.
  • Darrell Abbott
    Dimebag Darrell
    Darrell Lance Abbott , also known as Diamond Darrell and Dimebag Darrell, was an American guitarist. He was best known as a founding member of the heavy metal bands Pantera and Damageplan. Abbott also contributed to the album Rebel Meets Rebel, a collaboration between Pantera and David Allan Coe...

     (2004), Lead guitar player of the band Pantera
    Pantera
    Pantera was an American heavy metal band from Arlington, Texas. Formed by the Abbott brothers, Vinnie Paul and Dimebag Darrell in 1981, bassist Rex Brown would join in late 1981 with vocalist Terry Glaze. Looking for a new and heavier sound, Pantera had Terry replaced in 1987 with Phil Anselmo as...

  • Curtis Chillingworth
    Curtis Chillingworth
    Curtis Eugene Chillingworth was a Florida attorney and state judge who disappeared from his Manalapan, Florida home, and was later murdered along with his wife, Marjorie Chillingworth.-Background:...

     (1955), a Florida judge.
  • John F. Kennedy
    John F. Kennedy
    John Fitzgerald "Jack" Kennedy , often referred to by his initials JFK, was the 35th President of the United States, serving from 1961 until his assassination in 1963....

     (1963), 35th President of the United States.
  • Medgar Evers
    Medgar Evers
    Medgar Wiley Evers was an African American civil rights activist from Mississippi involved in efforts to overturn segregation at the University of Mississippi...

     (1963 June 12), U.S. civil rights activist.
  • Malcolm X
    Malcolm X
    Malcolm X , born Malcolm Little and also known as El-Hajj Malik El-Shabazz , was an African American Muslim minister and human rights activist. To his admirers he was a courageous advocate for the rights of African Americans, a man who indicted white America in the harshest terms for its...

     (1965 February 21), black Muslim leader, killed in a Manhattan banquet room as he began a speech.
  • George Lincoln Rockwell
    George Lincoln Rockwell
    George Lincoln Rockwell was the founder of the American Nazi Party. Rockwell was a major figure in the neo-Nazi movement in the United States, and his beliefs and writings have continued to be influential among white nationalists and neo-Nazis.-Early life:Rockwell was born in Bloomington,...

     (1967), founder of the American Nazi Party
    American Nazi Party
    The American Nazi Party was an American political party founded by discharged U.S. Navy Commander George Lincoln Rockwell. Headquartered in Arlington, Virginia, Rockwell initially called it the World Union of Free Enterprise National Socialists , but later renamed it the American Nazi Party in...

    .
  • Martin Luther King, Jr.
    Martin Luther King, Jr.
    Martin Luther King, Jr. was an American clergyman, activist, and prominent leader in the African-American Civil Rights Movement. He is best known for being an iconic figure in the advancement of civil rights in the United States and around the world, using nonviolent methods following the...

     (1968 April 4), U.S. civil rights activist.
  • Robert F. Kennedy
    Robert F. Kennedy
    Robert Francis "Bobby" Kennedy , also referred to by his initials RFK, was an American politician, a Democratic senator from New York, and a noted civil rights activist. An icon of modern American liberalism and member of the Kennedy family, he was a younger brother of President John F...

     (1968), leading presidential candidate in the 1968 presidential election
  • Fred Hampton
    Fred Hampton
    Fred Hampton was an African-American activist and deputy chairman of the Illinois chapter of the Black Panther Party...

     (1969), Deputy Chairman of the Illinois chapter of the Black Panther Party.
  • Dan Mitrione
    Dan Mitrione
    Daniel A. Mitrione was an Italian-born American police officer, Federal Bureau of Investigation agent and a United States government advisor for the Central Intelligence Agency in Latin America.- Career :...

     (1970), FBI agent and torture expert, killed by the guerrilla movement Tupamaros
    Tupamaros
    Tupamaros, also known as the MLN-T , was an urban guerrilla organization in Uruguay in the 1960s and 1970s. The MLN-T is inextricably linked to its most important leader, Raúl Sendic, and his brand of social politics...

    .
  • Marcus Foster
    Marcus Foster
    Marcus Albert Foster was a respected African-American educator who gained a national reputation for educational excellence while serving as principal of Simon Gratz High School in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, as Associate Superintendent of Schools in Philadelphia, and as the first black...

     (1973), School District Superintendent in Oakland CA, killed by members of the Symbionese Liberation Army
    Symbionese Liberation Army
    The Symbionese Liberation Army was an American self-styled left-wing urban militant group active between 1973 and 1975 that considered itself a revolutionary vanguard army...

    .
  • Anna Mae Aquash
    Anna Mae Aquash
    Anna Mae Aquash was a Mi'kmaq activist from Nova Scotia, Canada who became the highest-ranking woman in the American Indian Movement in the United States during the mid-1970s.Aquash...

     (1975), a Mi'kmaq activist from Nova Scotia, Canada who became the highest-ranking woman in the American Indian Movement
    American Indian Movement
    The American Indian Movement is a Native American activist organization in the United States, founded in 1968 in Minneapolis, Minnesota by urban Native Americans. The national AIM agenda focuses on spirituality, leadership, and sovereignty...

    .
  • Don Bolles
    Don Bolles
    Don Bolles was an American investigative reporter whose murder in a bombing is linked to the Mafia.-Biography:...

     (1976), Investigative reporter for Arizona Republic, killed in car bomb, Max Dunlap and James Robison convicted, alleged Mafia ties.
  • Orlando Letelier
    Orlando Letelier
    Marcos Orlando Letelier del Solar was a Chilean economist, Socialist politician and diplomat during the presidency of Socialist President Salvador Allende...

     (1976), Chilean ambassador to the United States under the administration of Salvador Allende.
  • George Moscone
    George Moscone
    George Richard Moscone was an American attorney and Democratic politician. He was the 37th mayor of San Francisco, California, US from January 1976 until his assassination in November 1978. Moscone served in the California State Senate from 1967 until becoming Mayor. In the Senate, he served as...

     (1978, November 27) Mayor of San Francisco, shot and killed by Dan White
    Dan White
    Daniel James "Dan" White was a San Francisco supervisor who assassinated San Francisco Mayor George Moscone and Supervisor Harvey Milk, on Monday, November 27, 1978, at City Hall...

     in San Francisco City Hall.
  • Harvey Milk
    Harvey Milk
    Harvey Bernard Milk was an American politician who became the first openly gay man to be elected to public office in California when he won a seat on the San Francisco Board of Supervisors...

     (1978, November 27) San Francisco city supervisor, shot and killed by Dan White
    Dan White
    Daniel James "Dan" White was a San Francisco supervisor who assassinated San Francisco Mayor George Moscone and Supervisor Harvey Milk, on Monday, November 27, 1978, at City Hall...

     in San Francisco City Hall.
  • John Lennon
    John Lennon
    John Winston Lennon, MBE was an English musician and singer-songwriter who rose to worldwide fame as one of the founding members of The Beatles, one of the most commercially successful and critically acclaimed acts in the history of popular music...

     (1980 December 8), British musician, member of The Beatles
    The Beatles
    The Beatles were an English rock band, active throughout the 1960s and one of the most commercially successful and critically acclaimed acts in the history of popular music. Formed in Liverpool, by 1962 the group consisted of John Lennon , Paul McCartney , George Harrison and Ringo Starr...

    , shot and killed by Mark David Chapman
    Mark David Chapman
    Mark David Chapman is an American prison inmate who murdered former Beatles member John Lennon on December 8, 1980. He committed the crime as Lennon and Yoko Ono were outside of The Dakota apartment building in New York City. Chapman aimed five shots at Lennon, hitting him four times in his back...

    .
  • Alan Berg
    Alan Berg
    Alan Berg was a Jewish American attorney and Denver, Colorado talk radio show host. Berg was notable for his largely liberal, outspoken viewpoints and confrontational interview style....

     (1984), radio talk-show host, killed by Neo-nazis.
  • Henry Liu (1984), Taiwanese-American writer, allegedly killed by Kuomintang agents.
  • Alex Odeh
    Alex Odeh
    Alex Odeh was an Arab-American anti-discrimination activist who was killed in a bombing as he opened the door of his office at 1905 East 17th Street, Santa Ana, California...

     (1985), Arab anti-discrimination group leader, killed when bomb exploded in his Santa Ana, California
    Santa Ana, California
    Santa Ana is the county seat and second most populous city in Orange County, California, and with a population of 324,528 at the 2010 census, Santa Ana is the 57th-most populous city in the United States....

     office.
  • Alejandro González Malavé
    Alejandro González Malavé
    Alejandro González Malavé was a Puerto Rican undercover agent who gained infamy with the Cerro Maravilla case scandal.González Malavé, an outspoken university political leader, graduated as a policeman in 1979, the same year he went to work undercover...

     (1986), famous undercover policeman, in Bayamón, Puerto Rico.
  • Meir David Kahane
    Meir Kahane
    Martin David Kahane , also known as Meir Kahane , was an American-Israeli rabbi and ultra-nationalist writer and political figure. He was an ordained Orthodox rabbi and later served as a member of the Israeli Knesset...

     (1990), Member of the Israeli Knesset
    Knesset
    The Knesset is the unicameral legislature of Israel, located in Givat Ram, Jerusalem.-Role in Israeli Government :The legislative branch of the Israeli government, the Knesset passes all laws, elects the President and Prime Minister , approves the cabinet, and supervises the work of the government...

    , Founder of the JDL and the Kach
    Kach and Kahane Chai
    Kach was a far-right political party in Israel. Founded by Rabbi Meir Kahane in the early 1970s, and following his Jewish nationalist ideology , the party entered the Knesset in 1984 after several electoral failures...

     Party, Zionist
  • Ioan P. Culianu
    Ioan P. Culianu
    Ioan Petru Culianu or Couliano was a Romanian historian of religion, culture, and ideas, a philosopher and political essayist, and a short story writer...

     (1991), Romanian historian of religion, culture, and ideas, professor at the University of Chicago, assassinated there in Swift Hall
    University of Chicago Divinity School
    The University of Chicago Divinity School is a graduate institution at the University of Chicago dedicated to the training of academics and clergy across religious boundaries...

    , apparently for his political writings.
  • David Gunn
    David Gunn (doctor)
    David Gunn was an American physician. He received his bachelors degree from Vanderbilt University and earned his M.D. at the University of Kentucky. Gunn moved to Brewton, Alabama, after his residency, choosing to provide OB/GYN and abortion services in rural America.Gunn was murdered in...

     (1993), abortion doctor.
  • John Britton
    John Britton (doctor)
    John Bayard Britton was an American physician. He was murdered in Pensacola, Florida by anti-abortion terrorist Paul Jennings Hill...

     (1994), abortion doctor.
  • Selena Quintanilla (1995), tex-mex singer assassinated by Yolanda Saldivar
    Yolanda Saldívar
    Yolanda Saldívar is a Mexican American woman who was convicted in 1995 of the murder of Tejano music singer Selena at a Days Inn motel in Corpus Christi, Texas on March 31, 1995.- Early life :...

    , her fan club's president.
  • Barnett Slepian
    Barnett Slepian
    Barnett Slepian was an American physician and OB/GYN who was murdered in his home by anti-abortion militant James Charles Kopp....

     (1998), abortion doctor.
  • Thomas C. Wales
    Thomas C. Wales
    Thomas Crane Wales was an American federal prosecutor and gun control advocate from Seattle, Washington, who was the victim of an unsolved murder.- Life and work :...

     (2001), federal prosecutor and gun control advocate.
  • Chauncey Bailey
    Chauncey Bailey
    Chauncey Wendell Bailey, Jr. was an American journalist, noted for his work primarily on issues of the African-American community. He served as editor-in-chief of The Oakland Post from June 2007 until he was shot dead on August 2, 2007...

     (2007), Oakland Tribune journalist.
  • Bill Gwatney
    Bill Gwatney
    Bill Gwatney was an American politician who served as the State Chair of the Democratic Party of Arkansas. Prior to being State Chair, he was a State Senator for 10 years. He had also been the financial chair for Mike Beebe's run for Governor of Arkansas in 2006. He owned three car dealerships in...

     (2008), Chairman of The Arkansas Democratic Party
  • George Tiller
    George Tiller
    George Richard Tiller, MD was an American physician from Wichita, Kansas. He was the medical director of a clinic in Wichita, Women's Health Care Services, one of only three nationwide which provided abortions after the 21st week of pregnancy .Pro-life group Operation Rescue kept a daily vigil...

     (2009), late-term abortion doctor, shot as he ushered at his church.
  • John M. Roll (2011), federal judge in Arizona

Uruguay

  • Bernardo P. Berro (1868), Uruguayan president
  • Venancio Flores
    Venancio Flores
    Venancio Flores Barrios was a Uruguayan political leader and general. Flores was President of Uruguay from 1854 to 1855 and from 1865 to 1868.-Background and early career:...

     (1868), Uruguayan president (on the same day as Berro, though in completely separate incidents)
  • Juan Idiarte Borda
    Juan Idiarte Borda
    Juan Idiarte Borda was the 17th President of Uruguay. He is the last Uruguayan president to be assassinated.-Background:...

     (1897), Uruguayan president

Venezuela

  • Col. Carlos Delgado Chalbaud
    Carlos Delgado Chalbaud
    Carlos Román Delgado Chalbaud Gómez was a Venezuelan career military officer, and as leader of a military junta was President of Venezuela from 1948 to 1950. By 1945 he was a high-ranking officer and was among the leaders of a military coup which brought to power the mass membership party...

     (1950 November 13), President of Venezuela
    Venezuela
    Venezuela , officially called the Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela , is a tropical country on the northern coast of South America. It borders Colombia to the west, Guyana to the east, and Brazil to the south...

  • Danilo Anderson
    Danilo Anderson
    The Murder of Danilo Anderson took place on 18 November 2004, in Caracas, Venezuela. Danilo Baltasar Anderson was a Venezuelan environmental state prosecutor investigating more than 400 people accused of crimes against the state and Venezuelan people in the failed 2002 coup d'état attempt...

     (2004), State prosecutor

Afghanistan

  • Habibullah Khan (1919), emir of Afghanistan
    Afghanistan
    Afghanistan , officially the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan, is a landlocked country located in the centre of Asia, forming South Asia, Central Asia and the Middle East. With a population of about 29 million, it has an area of , making it the 42nd most populous and 41st largest nation in the world...

  • Mohammed Nadir Shah
    Mohammed Nadir Shah
    Mohammed Nadir Shah was King of Afghanistan from 15 October 1929 until his assassination in 1933. Previously, he served as Minister of War, Afghan Ambassador to France, and as a general in the military of Afghanistan...

     (1933 November 8), king of Afghanistan
  • Mohammed Daoud Khan
    Mohammed Daoud Khan
    Sardar Mohammed Daoud Khan or Daud Khan was Prime Minister of Afghanistan from 1953 to 1963 and later becoming the President of Afghanistan...

     (1978), president of Afghanistan
    President of Afghanistan
    Afghanistan has only been a republic between 1973 and 1992 and from 2001 onwards. Before 1973, it was a monarchy that was governed by a variety of kings, emirs or shahs...

     killed in communist coup
  • Adolph Dubs
    Adolph Dubs
    Adolph "Spike" Dubs was the United States Ambassador to Afghanistan from May 13, 1978 until his death in 1979. He was killed in an exchange of fire after a kidnapping attempt.-Career:...

     (1979 February 14), U.S. ambassador to Afghanistan
  • Nur Mohammad Taraki (1979), communist president
  • Hafizullah Amin
    Hafizullah Amin
    Hafizullah Amin was the second President of Afghanistan during the period of the communist Democratic Republic of Afghanistan....

     (1979), communist Prime Minister of Afghanistan
    Prime Minister of Afghanistan
    The Prime Minister of Afghanistan is a currently defunct post in the Afghan Government.The position was created in 1927, and was appointed by the king, mostly as an advisor, until the end of the monarchy in 1973...

     killed during Soviet invasion
  • Meena Keshwar Kamal
    Meena Keshwar Kamal
    Meena Keshwar Kamal , commonly known as Meena, was an Afghan feminist, women's rights activist and founder of RAWA, who was assassinated in 1987.-Biography:...

     (1987), Afghan
    Afghanistan
    Afghanistan , officially the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan, is a landlocked country located in the centre of Asia, forming South Asia, Central Asia and the Middle East. With a population of about 29 million, it has an area of , making it the 42nd most populous and 41st largest nation in the world...

     founder of the Revolutionary Association of the Women of Afghanistan
    Revolutionary Association of the Women of Afghanistan
    The Revolutionary Association of the Women of Afghanistan is a women's organization based in Quetta, Pakistan, that promotes women's rights and secular democracy...

  • Mohammed Najibullah (1996), president of Afghanistan from 1986 to 1992, killed by the Taliban during the capture of Kabul
    Kabul
    Kabul , spelt Caubul in some classic literatures, is the capital and largest city of Afghanistan. It is also the capital of the Kabul Province, located in the eastern section of Afghanistan...

  • Ahmed Shah Massoud
    Ahmed Shah Massoud
    Ahmad Shah Massoud was a Kabul University engineering student turned military leader who played a leading role in driving the Soviet army out of Afghanistan, earning him the name Lion of Panjshir. His followers call him Āmir Sāhib-e Shahīd...

     (2001), leader of the Afghan Northern Alliance
  • Abdul Haq
    Abdul Haq (Afghan leader)
    Abdul Haq was an Afghan Pashtun mujahideen commander who fought against the Soviets and Afghan communists during the Soviet-Afghan War...

     (2001), Afghan Northern Alliance commander killed by remnants of the Taliban
  • Mohammed Atef
    Mohammed Atef
    Mohammed Atef was the alleged military chief of al-Qaida, although his role in the organization was not well known by intelligence agencies for years...

     (2001) alleged military chief of al-Qaeda
    Al-Qaeda
    Al-Qaeda is a global broad-based militant Islamist terrorist organization founded by Osama bin Laden sometime between August 1988 and late 1989. It operates as a network comprising both a multinational, stateless army and a radical Sunni Muslim movement calling for global Jihad...

  • Juma Namangani (2001) Co-founder of Islamic Movement of Uzbekistan
    Islamic Movement of Uzbekistan
    The Islamic Movement of Uzbekistan is a militant Islamist group formed in 1991 by the Islamic ideologue Tahir Yuldashev, and former Soviet paratrooper Juma Namangani—both ethnic Uzbeks from the Fergana Valley...

  • Abdul Qadir
    Abdul Qadir (Afghan leader)
    Hajji Abdul Qadir Arsala was a former anti-Taliban leader in the United Islamic Front in Afghanistan...

     (2002 July 6), vice-president of Afghanistan
  • Abdul Rahman
    Abdul Rahman (Afghan minister)
    Abdul Rahman was the aviation and tourism minister of Afghanistan until February 14, 2002.He was murdered in what appeared to be a mob attack on his plane at Kabul International Airport by pilgrims angry that they had been unable to travel to Mecca, Saudi Arabia.Witnesses and officials said...

     (2002 February 14), Afghan Minister for Civil Aviation and Tourism
  • Dadullah (2007), Taliban's senior military commander
  • Abdul Sabur Farid Kuhestani
    Abdul Sabur Farid Kuhestani
    Abdul Sabur Farid Kohistani served as Prime Minister of Afghanistan from July 6, 1992 until August 15, 1992. He was a member of Gulbuddin Hekmatyar's Hezbi Islami....

     (2007), former Prime Minister of Afghanistan
    Prime Minister of Afghanistan
    The Prime Minister of Afghanistan is a currently defunct post in the Afghan Government.The position was created in 1927, and was appointed by the king, mostly as an advisor, until the end of the monarchy in 1973...

  • Tohir Yo‘ldosh
    Tohir Yo‘ldosh
    Tohir Yo‘ldosh, born Tohir Abduhalilovich Yo‘ldoshev , cofounded the Islamic Movement of Uzbekistan , an Islamist organization active in Central Asia, with Juma Namangani in December 1991...

     (2009), Co-founder of Islamic Movement of Uzbekistan
    Islamic Movement of Uzbekistan
    The Islamic Movement of Uzbekistan is a militant Islamist group formed in 1991 by the Islamic ideologue Tahir Yuldashev, and former Soviet paratrooper Juma Namangani—both ethnic Uzbeks from the Fergana Valley...


Armenia

  • Karen Demirchyan
    Karen Demirchyan
    Karen Demirchyan was a Soviet Armenian communist, First Secretary of the Armenian Soviet Socialist Republic from 1974 to 1988 and later independent politician...

     (1999), Speaker of the National Assembly of Armenia
    National Assembly of Armenia
    The Azgayin Zhoghov of Armenia is the official name of the legislative branch of the government of Armenia.-History:Until the promulgation of the Hatt-i Sharif of 1839, the patriarch and his clients, within limits, possessed authority over Armenian people in the Ottoman Empire...

  • Vazgen Sargsyan (1999), Prime Minister of Armenia
    Prime Minister of Armenia
    The Prime Minister of Armenia is the most senior minister within the Armenian government, and is required by the constitution to "oversee the Government's regular activities and coordinate the work of the Ministers." The Prime Minister is appointed by the President of Armenia, but can be removed by...

  • Leonard Petrosyan
    Leonard Petrosyan
    Leonard Petrosyan Լեոնարդ Պետրոսյան was the second president of the Nagorno-Karabakh Republic for almost 6 months . He also served as Prime Minister of the Republic 1994-1997. He was killed in the 1999 Armenian parliament shooting...

     (1999), Karabakh
    Karabakh
    The Karabakh horse , also known as Karabakh, is a mountain-steppe racing and riding horse. It is named after the geographic region where the horse was originally developed, Karabakh in the Southern Caucasus, an area that is de jure part of Azerbaijan but the highland part of which is currently...

     politician, Deputy Prime Minister of Armenia

Azerbaijan

  • Elmar Huseynov
    Elmar Huseynov
    Elmar Huseynov was an independent Azerbaijani journalist, widely known for his harsh criticism of Azerbaijani authorities, especially incumbent president Ilham Aliyev and his father and predecessor Heydar Aliyev...

     (2005), Azerbaijan
    Azerbaijan
    Azerbaijan , officially the Republic of Azerbaijan is the largest country in the Caucasus region of Eurasia. Located at the crossroads of Western Asia and Eastern Europe, it is bounded by the Caspian Sea to the east, Russia to the north, Georgia to the northwest, Armenia to the west, and Iran to...

    i journalist
  • Rail Rzayev
    Rail Rzayev
    Lieutenant General Rail Rzayev Gurban oglu was the Commander of the Azerbaijani Air Force from shortly after Azerbaijan's independence in the early 1990s, to his death in 2009.-Early life:Rzayev was born on March 10, 1945 in Baku, Azerbaijan...

     (2009), commander of the Azerbaijani Air Force

Bangladesh

  • Sheikh Mujibur Rahman (1975 August 15), father of the nation and founder President of Bangladesh
    President of Bangladesh
    Since 1991, the President of Bangladesh is the head of state, a largely ceremonial post elected by the parliament. Since 1996, the President's role becomes more important after the term of the government has finished, when his executive authority is enhanced as laid down in the constitution of the...

    , killed in coup
  • Muhammad Mansur Ali
    Muhammad Mansur Ali
    Muhammad Mansur Ali was a Bangladeshi politician who was a close confidante of Sheikh Mujibur Rahman, the founding leader of Bangladesh...

     (1975), Prime Minister of Bangladesh
    Prime Minister of Bangladesh
    The Prime Minister of the People's Republic of Bangladesh is the Head of the Government of Bangladesh. The Prime Minister and the Cabinet are collectively accountable for their policies and actions to the Jatiya Sangsad Parliament, to their political party and ultimately to the electorate...

  • Tajuddin Ahmad
    Tajuddin Ahmad
    Tajuddin Ahmad was a Bangladeshi politician and statesman who served as the first Prime Minister of Bangladesh...

     (1975), former Prime Minister
  • Syed Nazrul Islam
    Syed Nazrul Islam
    Syed Nazrul Islam was a Bangladeshi politician and a senior leader of the Awami League. During the Bangladesh Liberation War, he served as the acting President of Bangladesh in the absence of Sheikh Mujibur Rahman.-Early life:...

     (1975), former President
  • Khaled Mosharraf
    Khaled Mosharraf
    Khaled Mosharraf was a Bangladeshi military officer who was a the Sector Commander of BDF Sector 2 and K-Force Brigade Commander during the Bangladesh War of Liberation. He was awarded Bir Uttam for his gallantry actions during the war...

     (1975), Bangladesh
    Bangladesh
    Bangladesh , officially the People's Republic of Bangladesh is a sovereign state located in South Asia. It is bordered by India on all sides except for a small border with Burma to the far southeast and by the Bay of Bengal to the south...

    i general and coup organizer
  • Ziaur Rahman
    Ziaur Rahman
    President Ziaur Rahman, Bir Uttam, was a Bangladeshi politician and general, who read the declaration of Independence of Bangladesh on March 26, 1971 on behalf of Sheikh Mujibur Rahman. He later became the seventh President of Bangladesh from 1977 until 1981...

     (1981), President

China

  • Sidibala (1323), grand-khan of the Mongol Empire
    Mongol Empire
    The Mongol Empire , initially named as Greater Mongol State was a great empire during the 13th and 14th centuries...

    , Emperor of Yuan China
  • João Maria Ferreira do Amaral
    João Maria Ferreira do Amaral
    João Maria Ferreira do Amaral was a Portuguese military and politician.-Background:He was the first son of Francisco Joaquim Ferreira do Amaral, born in Lisbon, Alcântara, on 3 May 1773, whose male line was de Macedo, a Fidalgo of the Royal Household and a Sergeant of the Portuguese Army and the...

     (1849), Portuguese Governor of Macau
    Macau
    Macau , also spelled Macao , is, along with Hong Kong, one of the two special administrative regions of the People's Republic of China...

  • Ma Xinyi
    Ma Xinyi
    Ma Xinyi ; was an eminent Hui muslim official and a military general of the late Qing Dynasty in China....

     (1870), a governor assassinated by Zhang Wenxiang in the summer of 1870.
  • Ito Hirobumi
    Ito Hirobumi
    Prince was a samurai of Chōshū domain, Japanese statesman, four time Prime Minister of Japan , genrō and Resident-General of Korea. Itō was assassinated by An Jung-geun, a Korean nationalist who was against the annexation of Korea by the Japanese Empire...

     (1909), Japanese Resident-General of Korea
    Governor-General of Korea
    The post of Japanese Governor-General of Korea served as the chief administrator of the Japanese government in Korea while it was held as the Japanese colony of Chōsen from 1910 to 1945...

    , in Manchuria
    Manchuria
    Manchuria is a historical name given to a large geographic region in northeast Asia. Depending on the definition of its extent, Manchuria usually falls entirely within the People's Republic of China, or is sometimes divided between China and Russia. The region is commonly referred to as Northeast...

  • Chen Qimei
    Chen Qimei
    Chen Qimei was a Chinese revolutionary activist, close political ally of Sun Yat-sen, and early mentor of Chiang Kai-shek. He was as one of the founders of the Republic of China, and the uncle of Chen Guofu and Chen Lifu....

     (1916), revolutionary activist
  • Liao Zhongkai
    Liao Zhongkai
    Liao Zhongkai , Kuomintang leader and financier. Liao Zhongkai was the principal architect of the first Kuomintang-Chinese Communist Party United Front in the 1920s....

     (1925)
  • Zhang Zuolin
    Zhang Zuolin
    Zhang Zuolin was the warlord of Manchuria from 1916 to 1928 . He successfully invaded China proper in October 1924 in the Second Zhili-Fengtian War. He gained control of Peking, including China's internationally recognized government, in April 1926...

     (1928), Manchurian warlord, by officers of the Japan
    Japan
    Japan is an island nation in East Asia. Located in the Pacific Ocean, it lies to the east of the Sea of Japan, China, North Korea, South Korea and Russia, stretching from the Sea of Okhotsk in the north to the East China Sea and Taiwan in the south...

    ese Guandong Army
  • Fang Zhenwu
    Fang Zhenwu
    Fang Zhenwu was a Chinese military officer in the early twentieth century.-Biography:Fang was born in 1885 in Shou County, Lu'an, Anhui province, in the Empire of China. He took part in the Xinhai Revolution of 1911 and joined the revolutionary New Army in Shanghai...

     (1941)
  • Wen Yiduo
    Wen Yiduo
    Wen Yiduo , born Wén Jiāhuá , courtesy names Yǒusān , Youshan , was a Chinese poet and scholar.-Biography:Wen was born in Xishui County, Hubei. After receiving a traditional education he went on to continue studying at the Tsinghua University. In 1922, he traveled to the United States to study fine...

     (1946), Chinese poet and scholar
  • Li Shiming
    Li Shiming
    Li Shiming was Party chief of Xiashuixi Village , which is located in Lüliang, Shanxi, China.According to locals, he used his Communist party status to seize land, extort money, and constantly bully and harass the villagers, even using violence against villagers and their families...

     (2008), Chinese government official

Georgia

  • Fatali Khan Khoyski
    Fatali Khan Khoyski
    Fatali Khan Khoyski Isgender oglu was an attorney, a member of the Second State Duma of the Russian Empire, Minister of Internal Affairs, Minister of Defense and, later the first Prime Minister of the independent Azerbaijan Democratic Republic.-Early life:Khoyski was born on December 7, 1875 in...

     (1920), former Prime Minister of the Democratic Republic of Azerbaijan
  • Cemal Pasha (1922), former Ottoman Navy Minister
  • Giorgi Chanturia
    Giorgi Chanturia
    Giorgi Chanturia was a Georgian politician and the National Democratic Party leader who was murdered in Tbilisi, Georgia in December 1994....

     (1994), Georgian
    Georgia (country)
    Georgia is a sovereign state in the Caucasus region of Eurasia. Located at the crossroads of Western Asia and Eastern Europe, it is bounded to the west by the Black Sea, to the north by Russia, to the southwest by Turkey, to the south by Armenia, and to the southeast by Azerbaijan. The capital of...

     opposition leader

India

  • Brihadratha Maurya (185 BC), last ruler of the Mauryan dynasty
  • Abu'l-Fazl ibn Mubarak
    Abu'l-Fazl ibn Mubarak
    Shaikh Abu al-Fazl ibn Mubarak also known as Abu'l-Fazl, Abu'l Fadl and Abu'l-Fadl 'Allami was the vizier of the great Mughal emperor Akbar, and author of the Akbarnama, the official history of Akbar's reign in three volumes, and a Persian translation of the Bible...

     (1602), vizier
    Vizier
    A vizier or in Arabic script ; ; sometimes spelled vazir, vizir, vasir, wazir, vesir, or vezir) is a high-ranking political advisor or minister in a Muslim government....

     of the Mughal
    Mughal Empire
    The Mughal Empire ,‎ or Mogul Empire in traditional English usage, was an imperial power from the Indian Subcontinent. The Mughal emperors were descendants of the Timurids...

     emperor Akbar
  • Mohandas K Gandhi (1948 January 30), Independence leader and key proponent of non-violence
  • Indira Gandhi
    Indira Gandhi
    Indira Priyadarshini Gandhara was an Indian politician who served as the third Prime Minister of India for three consecutive terms and a fourth term . She was assassinated by Sikh extremists...

     (1984 October 31), Indian prime minister
  • General Arun Shridhar Vaidya
    Arun Shridhar Vaidya
    General Arun Shridhar Vaidya, MVC, AVSM was the 13th Chief of Army Staff of the Indian Army.-Lieutenant Colonel:In 1965, the then Lieutenant Colonel Vaidya was in command of the Deccan Horse...

     (1986 August 10) Chief of Army Staff, Indian Army from 1983 to 1986.
  • Rajiv Gandhi
    Rajiv Gandhi
    Rajiv Ratna Gandhi was the sixth Prime Minister of India . He took office after his mother's assassination on 31 October 1984; he himself was assassinated on 21 May 1991. He became the youngest Prime Minister of India when he took office at the age of 40.Rajiv Gandhi was the elder son of Indira...

     (1991 May 21), Indian prime minister, killed by LTTE suicide bomber in Sriperumbudur near Madras
  • Beant Singh(Chief Minister) (1995), chief minister of Punjab
  • Phoolan Devi
    Phoolan Devi
    Phoolan Devi , popularly known as the "Bandit Queen", was an Indian dacoit and later a politician. After being gang-raped by some upper-caste members of her gang, Phoolan Devi turned a bandit, and killed 22 upper-caste villagers in 1981. Following this, she became notorious across India as a bandit...

     (2001 July 25), bandit queen turned politician
  • Abdul Ghani Lone
    Abdul Ghani Lone
    Abdul Ghani Lone was an Indian lawyer and politician who for most of his professional career worked as a Kashmiri separatist....

     (2002), moderate Kashmir
    Kashmir
    Kashmir is the northwestern region of the Indian subcontinent. Until the mid-19th century, the term Kashmir geographically denoted only the valley between the Great Himalayas and the Pir Panjal mountain range...

    i Muslim separatist leader

Indonesia

  • A. W. S. Mallaby
    Aubertin Walter Sothern Mallaby
    Brigadier Aubertin Walter Sothern Mallaby was a British Indian Army officer killed in a shootout during the Battle of Surabaya in what was then the Netherlands East Indies during the Indonesian National Revolution...

     (1945), a British brigadier during the Battle of Surabaya
    Battle of Surabaya
    The Battle of Surabaya was fought between pro-independence Indonesian soldiers and militia against British and Dutch troops as a part of the Indonesian National Revolution. The peak of the battle was in November 1945. Despite fierce resistance, British and Indian troops managed to conquer Surabaya,...

  • Lieutenant General Achmad Yani (1965), as part of the 30 September Movement
    30 September Movement
    The Thirtieth of September Movement ) was a self-proclaimed organization of Indonesian National Armed Forces members who, in the early hours of 1 October 1965, assassinated six Indonesian Army generals in an abortive coup d'état. Later that morning, the organization declared that it was in control...

  • Major General Soeprapto
    Soeprapto
    Lieutenant General R. Soeprapto was the second deputy commander of the Indonesian Army, and was kidnapped from his home in Jakarta by members of the 30 September Movement in the early hours of October 1. He was later killed at Lubang Buaya.-Early life:Soeprapto was born in Purwokerto, Central Java...

     (1965), as part of the 30 September Movement
  • Major General M. T. Haryono
    M. T. Haryono
    Mas Tirtodarmo Haryono was a soldier in the Indonesian Army who was killed during an attempt to kidnap him from his home by members of the 30 September Movement in the early hours of October 1, 1965.-Early life:...

     (1965), as part of the 30 September Movement
  • Major General Siswondo Parman
    Siswondo Parman
    Lieutenant General Siswondo Parman was a soldier in the Indonesian Army, and was kidnapped from his home in Jakarta by members of the 30 September Movement in the early hours of October 1. He was later killed at Lubang Buaya.-Early life:Parman was born in Wonosobo, Central Java...

     (1965), as part of the 30 September Movement
  • Brigadier General Donald Izacus Panjaitan
    Donald Izacus Panjaitan
    Donald Izacus Panjaitan was an Indonesian general who was killed during a kidnap attempt by members of the 30 September Movement.-Early life:...

     (1965), as part of the 30 September Movement
  • Brigadier General Sutoyo Siswomiharjo
    Sutoyo Siswomiharjo
    Sutoyo Siswomiharjo was an Indonesian general who was kidnapped and later murdered during the attempted coup by the 30 September Movement.-Early life:...

     (1965), as part of the 30 September Movement
  • First Lieutenant Pierre Tandean (1965), as part of the 30 September Movement
  • Dipa Nusantara Aidit
    Dipa Nusantara Aidit
    Dipa Nusantara Aidit was a senior leader of the Communist Party of Indonesia . Born Ahmad Aidit on Bangka Island, he was nicknamed "Amat". Aidit was educated in the Dutch colonial system...

     (1965), leader of the Communist Party of Indonesia
    Communist Party of Indonesia
    The Communist Party of Indonesia was the largest non-ruling communist party in the world prior to being crushed in 1965 and banned the following year.-Forerunners:...

  • Munir Said Thalib
    Munir Said Thalib
    Munir Said Thalib , affectionately known simply as "Munir", was one of Indonesia's most famous human rights and anti-corruption activist...

     (2004), a human rights and anti-corruption activist

Iran

  • Xerxes I (465 BC), Persian king killed by guards
  • Xerxes II (423 BC), Persian king killed by his half-brother Sogdianus
  • Sogdianus (423 BC), Persian king killed by his half-brother Darius II
    Darius II of Persia
    Darius II , was king of the Persian Empire from 423 BC to 405 BC.Artaxerxes I, who died on December 25, 424 BC, was followed by his son Xerxes II. After a month and a half Xerxes II was murdered by his brother Secydianus or Sogdianus...

  • Nizam al-Mulk
    Nizam al-Mulk
    Abu Ali al-Hasan al-Tusi Nizam al-Mulk, better known as Khwaja Nizam al-Mulk Tusi ; born in 1018 – 14 October 1092) was a Persian scholar and vizier of the Seljuq Empire...

     (1092), Persian scholar and vizier of the Seljuk Turks
  • Nader Shah
    Nader Shah
    Nāder Shāh Afshār ruled as Shah of Iran and was the founder of the Afsharid dynasty. Because of his military genius, some historians have described him as the Napoleon of Persia or the Second Alexander...

     (1747), Shah
    Shah
    Shāh is the title of the ruler of certain Southwest Asian and Central Asian countries, especially Persia , and derives from the Persian word shah, meaning "king".-History:...

     of Persia
  • Nasser-al-Din Shah (1896), Shah of Persia killed by Mirza Reza Kermani
    Mirza Reza Kermani
    Mirza Reza Kermani , born in Kerman, Iran and died on August 10, 1896 in Tehran, was an adherent of Jamal al-Din al-Afghani and an Iranian revolutionary....

  • Firouz Mirza Nosrat-ed-Dowleh Farman Farmaian III
    Firouz Mirza Nosrat-ed-Dowleh Farman Farmaian III
    Prince Firouz Mirza Nosrat-ed-Dowleh III, GCMG eldest son of Prince Abdol-Hossein Mirza Farmanfarma and Princess Ezzat-Dowleh. He was born at some time near 1889, and died in April 1937. Grandson of his name-sake, Nosrat Dowleh Firouz Mirza, and of Mozzafar-al-Din Shah Qajar through his mother...

     (1930), Iranian Diplomat and Politician
  • Abdolhossein Teymourtash (1933), Iranian Statesman
  • Qazi Muhammad
    Qazi Muhammad
    Qazi Muhammad was a nationalist and religious Kurdish leader and the Head of the Republic of Kurdistan, the second modern Kurdish state in the Middle East ....

     (1947), dissident Kurdish
    Kurdish people
    The Kurdish people, or Kurds , are an Iranian people native to the Middle East, mostly inhabiting a region known as Kurdistan, which includes adjacent parts of Iran, Iraq, Syria, and Turkey...

     Iranian political leader, in Mahabad
    Mahabad
    -Culture:Muhammad Qazi translated more than 70 important literary works into Persian. Other writers and poets have hailed from Mahabad in the 19th and 20th century including Wafaei , Hejar , Hêmin , Abdorrahamn Zabihi and Giw Mukriyani...

  • Ali Razmara (1951), Prime Minister of Iran
    Prime Minister of Iran
    Prime Minister of Iran was a political post in Iran that had existed during several different periods of time starting with the Qajar era until its most recent revival from 1979 to 1989 following the Iranian Revolution.-Prime Ministers of Qajar era:In the Qajar era, prime ministers were known by...

  • Hassan Ali Mansur
    Hassan Ali Mansur
    Hasan-ali Mansur was an Iranian liberal and politician who was Prime Minister from 1963 to 1965. He served during the White Revolution of Shah Mohammad Reza Pahlavi and was assassinated by a member of the Fadayan-e Islam....

     (1965 January 21), Prime Minister of Iran
  • Mohammad Beheshti (1981), killed along with 71 others in bombing
  • Mohammad Ali Rajai
    Mohammad Ali Rajai
    Mohammad Ali Rajai was the second elected President of Iran from 2 to 30 August 1981, after serving as Prime Minister under Abolhassan Banisadr. He was also Minister of Foreign Affairs from 11 March 1981 to 15 August 1981, while he was Prime Minister...

     (1981), president of Iran
    President of Iran
    The President of Iran is the highest popularly elected official in, and the head of government of the Islamic Republic of Iran; although subordinate to the Supreme Leader of Iran, who functions as the country's head of state...

  • Mohammad Javad Bahonar
    Mohammad Javad Bahonar
    Hojatoleslam Mohammad Javad Bahonar was an Iranian scholar, Shiite theologian and politician who served as the Prime minister of Iran from 15 to 30 August 1981 when he was assassinated by Mujahideen-e Khalq MEK, also known as PMOI and KMO...

     (1981), Prime Minister of Iran
    Prime Minister of Iran
    Prime Minister of Iran was a political post in Iran that had existed during several different periods of time starting with the Qajar era until its most recent revival from 1979 to 1989 following the Iranian Revolution.-Prime Ministers of Qajar era:In the Qajar era, prime ministers were known by...

    , killed in bombing with Rajai

Iraq

  • Gordian III
    Gordian III
    Gordian III , was Roman Emperor from 238 to 244. Gordian was the son of Antonia Gordiana and an unnamed Roman Senator who died before 238. Antonia Gordiana was the daughter of Emperor Gordian I and younger sister of Emperor Gordian II. Very little is known on his early life before his acclamation...

     (244), Roman emperor, near Circesium (modern day Abu Sera) by his troops
  • Faisal II
    Faisal II of Iraq
    Faisal II was the last King of Iraq. He reigned from 4 April 1939 until July 1958, when he was killed during the "14 July Revolution" together with several members of his family...

     (1958 July 14), King of Iraq
    Iraq
    Iraq ; officially the Republic of Iraq is a country in Western Asia spanning most of the northwestern end of the Zagros mountain range, the eastern part of the Syrian Desert and the northern part of the Arabian Desert....

  • Nuri Pasha as-Said (1958 July 14), Prime Minister of Iraq
  • Abdul Razak al-Naif (1978 July 9), former Prime Minister of Iraq
    Prime Minister of Iraq
    The Prime Minister of Iraq is Iraq's head of government. Prime Minister was originally an appointed office, subsidiary to the head of state, and the nominal leader of the Iraqi parliament. Under the newly adopted constitution the Prime Minister is to be the country's active executive authority...

    , killed in London
  • Mohammad Baqir al-Sadr (1980), former Grand Ayatollah
  • Bint al-Huda (1980), Iraqi educator and political activist she was killed by Saddam Hussein along with her brother, Ayatullah Sayyid Mohammad Baqir al-Sadr
  • Mahdi al-Hakim (1988), prominent figure in the Iraqi opposition, assassinated in the lobby of the Hilton in the Sudanese capital Khartoum, his companion Halim Abd-alWahhab was wounded in the leg.
  • Mohammad Mohammad Sadeq al-Sadr
    Mohammad Mohammad Sadeq al-Sadr
    Grand Ayatollah Mohammad Mohammad Sadeq al-Sadr , often referred to as Muhammad Sadiq as-Sadr which is his father's name, was a prominent Iraqi Twelver Shi'a cleric of the rank of Grand Ayatollah. He called for government reform and the release of detained Shi'a leaders...

     (1999), former Grand Ayatollah, killed in the Iraqi city of Najaf along with two of his sons.
  • Sérgio Vieira de Mello
    Sérgio Vieira de Mello
    Sérgio Vieira de Mello was a Brazilian United Nations employee who worked for the UN for more than 34 years, earning respect and praise around the world for his efforts in the humanitarian and political programs of the UN...

     (2003), UN
    United Nations
    The United Nations is an international organization whose stated aims are facilitating cooperation in international law, international security, economic development, social progress, human rights, and achievement of world peace...

     Special Representative in Iraq
  • Sayed Mohammed Baqir al-Hakim (2003), ayatollah
  • Aquila al-Hashimi (2003), Iraq
    Iraq
    Iraq ; officially the Republic of Iraq is a country in Western Asia spanning most of the northwestern end of the Zagros mountain range, the eastern part of the Syrian Desert and the northern part of the Arabian Desert....

    i Governing Council
    Iraqi Governing Council
    The Iraqi Governing Council was the provisional government of Iraq from July 13, 2003 to June 1, 2004. It was established by and served under the United States-led Coalition Provisional Authority...

     member
  • Waldemar Milewicz
    Waldemar Milewicz
    Waldemar Milewicz was a Polish journalist and war correspondent.-Life and career:...

     (2004), Polish
    Poland
    Poland , officially the Republic of Poland , is a country in Central Europe bordered by Germany to the west; the Czech Republic and Slovakia to the south; Ukraine, Belarus and Lithuania to the east; and the Baltic Sea and Kaliningrad Oblast, a Russian exclave, to the north...

     journalist
  • Hatem Kamil
    Hatem Kamil
    Hatem Kamil Abdul Fatah was the deputy governor of Iraq's Baghdad Governorate.Hatem Kamil was assassinated by gunmen in a drive-by shooting in Baghdad, in the southern district of Dura, while on his way to work...

     (2004), deputy governor of Baghdad Province
  • Ezzedine Salim
    Ezzedine Salim
    Ezzedine Salim, , also known as Abdelzahra Othman Mohammed , was an Iraqi politician.-Biography:...

     (2004), chairman of the Iraqi Governing Council
    Iraqi Governing Council
    The Iraqi Governing Council was the provisional government of Iraq from July 13, 2003 to June 1, 2004. It was established by and served under the United States-led Coalition Provisional Authority...

  • Dhari Ali al-Fayadh
    Dhari Ali al-Fayadh
    Sheikh Dhari Ali al-Fayadh was the oldest Iraqi Member of Parliament until his assassination in 2005. He was believed to have been 87....

     (2005), Iraqi MP
    Member of Parliament
    A Member of Parliament is a representative of the voters to a :parliament. In many countries with bicameral parliaments, the term applies specifically to members of the lower house, as upper houses often have a different title, such as senate, and thus also have different titles for its members,...

  • Ihab al-Sherif
    Ihab al-Sherif
    Ihab el-Sherif served as Egypt's ambassador to Iraq until Iraqi kidnappers murdered him in July 2005. He previously served as Egypt's chargé d'affaires to Israel.-Kidnapping and death:...

     (2005), Egypt
    Egypt
    Egypt , officially the Arab Republic of Egypt, Arabic: , is a country mainly in North Africa, with the Sinai Peninsula forming a land bridge in Southwest Asia. Egypt is thus a transcontinental country, and a major power in Africa, the Mediterranean Basin, the Middle East and the Muslim world...

    ian envoy to Iraq
    Iraq
    Iraq ; officially the Republic of Iraq is a country in Western Asia spanning most of the northwestern end of the Zagros mountain range, the eastern part of the Syrian Desert and the northern part of the Arabian Desert....

  • Abu Musab al-Zarqawi
    Abu Musab al-Zarqawi
    Abu Musab al-Zarqawi ; October 30, 1966 – June 7, 2006), born Ahmad Fadeel al-Nazal al-Khalayleh was a Jordanian militant Islamist who ran a paramilitary training camp in Afghanistan...

     (2006) leader of al-Qaeda in Iraq
    Al-Qaeda in Iraq
    Al-Qaeda in Iraq is a popular name for the Iraqi division of the international Salafi jihadi militant organization al-Qaeda. It is recognized as a part of the greater Iraqi insurgency....

     (AQI)
  • Abdul Sattar Abu Risha
    Abdul Sattar Abu Risha
    Abdul Sattar Abu Risha - Sheikh Abdul Sattar Eftikhan al-Rishawi ad-Dulaimi الشيخ عبد الستار افتيخان الريشاوي الدليمي - was a high-profile Iraqi tribal sheikh...

     (2007), Sunni tribal leader
  • Mohamed Moumou
    Mohamed Moumou
    Mohamed Moumou was a Moroccan-born Swedish national who was the No. 2 leader of al-Qaida in Iraq and the senior leader in Northern Iraq...

     (2008), Number 2 leader of al-Qaeda in Iraq
    Al-Qaeda in Iraq
    Al-Qaeda in Iraq is a popular name for the Iraqi division of the international Salafi jihadi militant organization al-Qaeda. It is recognized as a part of the greater Iraqi insurgency....

     and senior leader in Northern Iraq
  • Riad Abdel Majid (2009), Brigadier General
    Brigadier General
    Brigadier general is a senior rank in the armed forces. It is the lowest ranking general officer in some countries, usually sitting between the ranks of colonel and major general. When appointed to a field command, a brigadier general is typically in command of a brigade consisting of around 4,000...

     in the Iraqi Army
    Iraqi Army
    The Iraqi Army is the land component of the Iraqi military, active in various forms since being formed by the British during their mandate over the country after World War I....


Israel


  • Ish-bosheth
    Ish-bosheth
    According to the Hebrew Bible, Ish-bosheth also called Eshbaal , Ashbaal or Ishbaal, was one of the four sons of King Saul, born c. 1047 BC...

     (c1000 BC), King of Israel, by two of his captains
  • Abner
    Abner
    In the Book of Samuel, Abner , is first cousin to Saul and commander-in-chief of his army...

     (c1000 BC), Commander of Ish-bosheth's army, by Joab
    Joab
    Joab the son of Zeruiah, was the nephew of King David and the commander of his army, according to the Hebrew Bible.- Name :...

    , commander of David's army
  • Amnon
    Amnon
    According to the Bible, Amnon was the oldest son of David, King of Israel, with his wife, Ahinoam, who is described as "the Jezreelitess". -Rape of Tamar:...

     (c1000 BC), son of King David, by servants of Absalom
    Absalom
    According to the Bible, Absalom or Avshalom was the third son of David, King of Israel with Maachah, daughter of Talmai, King of Geshur. describes him as the most handsome man in the kingdom...

    , his brother
  • Absalom
    Absalom
    According to the Bible, Absalom or Avshalom was the third son of David, King of Israel with Maachah, daughter of Talmai, King of Geshur. describes him as the most handsome man in the kingdom...

     (c1000 BC), son of King David, by Joab
    Joab
    Joab the son of Zeruiah, was the nephew of King David and the commander of his army, according to the Hebrew Bible.- Name :...

    , commander of David's army
  • Nadab
    Nadab of Israel
    Nadab was the second king of the northern Israelite Kingdom of Israel. He was the son and successor of Jeroboam. Nadab became king of Israel in the second year of Asa, king of Judah, and reigned for two years. William F. Albright has dated his reign to 901 - 900 BCE, while E. R...

     (c910), King of Israel, by Baasha, one of his military commanders, who succeeded him
  • Elah
    King Elah
    Elah was a son of Baasha, who succeeded him as the 4th king of Israel. William F. Albright has dated his reign to 877 BC - 876 BC, while E. R. Thiele offers the dates 886 BC - 885 BC....

     (c886), King of Israel, by Zimri
    Zimri (king)
    Zimri or Zambri was a king of Israel for seven days. William F. Albright has dated his reign to 876 BCE, while E. R. Thiele offers the date 885 BCE. His story is told in 1 Kings, Chapter 16....

    , captain of his chariot corps, during a drinking party (Zimri succeeded him)
  • Jehoram
    Jehoram of Israel
    Jehoram was a king of the northern Kingdom of Israel. He was the son of Ahab and Jezebel.According to , in the fifth year of Joram of Israel, Jehoram became king of Judah, when his father Jehoshaphat was king of Judah, indicating a co-regency...

    , King of Israel, by Jehu
    Jehu
    Jehu was a king of Israel. He was the son of Jehoshaphat, and grandson of Nimshi.William F. Albright has dated his reign to 842-815 BC, while E. R. Thiele offers the dates 841-814 BC...

    , one of his chariot commanders, who succeeded him
  • Ahaziah
    Ahaziah of Judah
    Ahaziah of Judah was king of Judah, and the son of Jehoram and Athaliah, the daughter of king Ahab of Israel. He is also called Jehoahaz ....

    , King of Judah, by Jehu
    Jehu
    Jehu was a king of Israel. He was the son of Jehoshaphat, and grandson of Nimshi.William F. Albright has dated his reign to 842-815 BC, while E. R. Thiele offers the dates 841-814 BC...

    , at the same time as that of Jehoram of Israel
    Jehoram of Israel
    Jehoram was a king of the northern Kingdom of Israel. He was the son of Ahab and Jezebel.According to , in the fifth year of Joram of Israel, Jehoram became king of Judah, when his father Jehoshaphat was king of Judah, indicating a co-regency...

  • Athaliah
    Athaliah
    Athaliah was the queen of Judah during the reign of King Jehoram, and later became sole ruler of Judah for six years. William F. Albright has dated her reign to 842–837 BC, while Edwin R. Thiele's dates, as taken from the third edition of his magnum opus, were 842/841 to 836/835 BC...

    , Queen of Judah, during a conspiracy of priests in favor of the boy Jehoash
    Jehoash of Judah
    Jehoash or Joas , sometimes written Joash or Joás , was the eighth king of the southern Kingdom of Judah, and the sole surviving son of Ahaziah. His mother was Zibiah of Beersheba ....

    , who succeeded her
  • Jehoash
    Jehoash of Judah
    Jehoash or Joas , sometimes written Joash or Joás , was the eighth king of the southern Kingdom of Judah, and the sole surviving son of Ahaziah. His mother was Zibiah of Beersheba ....

     (c800 BC), King of Judah, by his servants
  • Amaziah
    Amaziah of Judah
    Amaziah of Judah, Amasias , pronounced , and Amatzyah was the king of Judah, the son and successor of Joash. His mother was Jehoaddan and his son was Uzziah . He took the throne at the age of 25...

     (c768 BC), King of Judah, by unknown conspirators
  • Zechariah (c752 BC), King of Israel, publicly assassinated by Shallum
    Shallum of Israel
    Shallum of Israel was the king of the ancient Kingdom of Israel, and the son of Jabesh. He "conspired against Zachariah, and smote him before the people, and slew him, and reigned in his stead" . He reigned only "a month of days in Samaria" before Menahem rose up, put him to death , and became...

    , who succeeded him
  • Shallum
    Shallum of Israel
    Shallum of Israel was the king of the ancient Kingdom of Israel, and the son of Jabesh. He "conspired against Zachariah, and smote him before the people, and slew him, and reigned in his stead" . He reigned only "a month of days in Samaria" before Menahem rose up, put him to death , and became...

     (c752 BC), King of Israel, by Menahem
    Menahem
    Menahem, was a king of the northern Israelite Kingdom of Israel. He was the son of Gadi, and the founder of the dynasty known as the House of Gadi or House of Menahem....

    , one of his generals, who succeeded him
  • Pekahiah
    Pekahiah
    Pekahiah was a king of Israel and the son of Menahem, whom he succeeded, and the second and last king of Israel from the House of Gadi. He ruled from the capital of Samaria....

     (c737 BC), King of Israel, by Pekah
    Pekah
    Pekah was king of Israel. He was a captain in the army of king Pekahiah of Israel, whom he killed to become king. Pekah was the son of Remaliah ....

    , one of his military commanders, who succeeded him
  • Pekah
    Pekah
    Pekah was king of Israel. He was a captain in the army of king Pekahiah of Israel, whom he killed to become king. Pekah was the son of Remaliah ....

     (c732 BC), King of Israel, by Hoshea
    Hoshea
    See also Hosea, who has the same name in Biblical Hebrew.Hoshea was the last king of the Israelite Kingdom of Israel and son of Elah . William F. Albright dated reign to 732 – 721 BC, while E. R. Thiele offered the dates 732 – 723 BC.Assyrian records basically confirm the Biblical...

    , who succeeded him
  • Amon
    Amon of Judah
    Amon was the king of Judah who succeeded his father Manasseh of Judah on the throne according to the Bible. His mother was Meshullemeth, daughter of Haruz of Jotbah. He was married to Jedidah, the daughter of Adaiah of Bozkath....

     (c651 BC), King of Judah, by his servants
  • Simon Maccabaeus
    Simon Maccabaeus
    Simon Thassi was the second son of Mattathias and thus a member of the Hasmonean family. The name "Thassi" has an uncertain meaning...

     (135 BC), Hasmonean
    Hasmonean
    The Hasmonean dynasty , was the ruling dynasty of Judea and surrounding regions during classical antiquity. Between c. 140 and c. 116 BCE, the dynasty ruled semi-autonomously from the Seleucids in the region of Judea...

     king, by his son-in-law Ptolemy
  • Hugh II of Le Puiset
    Hugh II of Le Puiset
    Hugh II of Le Puiset was a crusader knight and Count of Jaffa, who revolted against King Fulk in 1134.-Arrival in the kingdom:...

     (1134), count of Jaffa
  • Miles of Plancy
    Miles of Plancy
    Miles of Plancy , also known as Milon or Milo, was a noble in the crusader Kingdom of Jerusalem.He was born in Champagne and came to the east in the 1160s, where he served King Amalric I, to whom he was distantly related. Amalric made him seneschal of Jerusalem, and in 1167 he participated in...

     (1174), regent of the Kingdom of Jerusalem
    Kingdom of Jerusalem
    The Kingdom of Jerusalem was a Catholic kingdom established in the Levant in 1099 after the First Crusade. The kingdom lasted nearly two hundred years, from 1099 until 1291 when the last remaining possession, Acre, was destroyed by the Mamluks, but its history is divided into two distinct periods....

  • Conrad of Montferrat
    Conrad of Montferrat
    Conrad of Montferrat was a northern Italian nobleman, one of the major participants in the Third Crusade. He was the de facto King of Jerusalem, by marriage, from 24 November 1190, but officially elected only in 1192, days before his death...

     (1192), King of Jerusalem, leader in the Third Crusade
    Third Crusade
    The Third Crusade , also known as the Kings' Crusade, was an attempt by European leaders to reconquer the Holy Land from Saladin...

  • Jacob Israël de Haan
    Jacob Israël de Haan
    Jacob Israël de Haan was a Dutch Jewish literary writer and journalist who was assassinated in Jerusalem by the Jewish paramilitary organization Haganah for his anti-Zionist political activities and contacts with Arab leaders. He is believed to be the first victim of Zionist political violence...

     (1924), pro-Orthodox
    Orthodox Judaism
    Orthodox Judaism , is the approach to Judaism which adheres to the traditional interpretation and application of the laws and ethics of the Torah as legislated in the Talmudic texts by the Sanhedrin and subsequently developed and applied by the later authorities known as the Gaonim, Rishonim, and...

     Jewish diplomat
  • Haim Arlosoroff (1933), Zionist
    Zionism
    Zionism is a Jewish political movement that, in its broadest sense, has supported the self-determination of the Jewish people in a sovereign Jewish national homeland. Since the establishment of the State of Israel, the Zionist movement continues primarily to advocate on behalf of the Jewish state...

     leader in the British Mandate of Palestine
  • Thomas C. Wasson
    Thomas C. Wasson
    Thomas Campbell Wasson was an American diplomat who was assassinated while serving as the Consul General for the United States in Jerusalem, Palestine. Wasson was also a member of United Nations Truce Commission.-Career:...

     (1948), US Consul General in Jerusalem
  • Folke Bernadotte
    Folke Bernadotte
    Folke Bernadotte, Count of Wisborg was a Swedish diplomat and nobleman noted for his negotiation of the release of about 31,000 prisoners from German concentration camps during World War II, including 450 Danish Jews from Theresienstadt released on 14 April 1945...

     (1948), Middle East
    Middle East
    The Middle East is a region that encompasses Western Asia and Northern Africa. It is often used as a synonym for Near East, in opposition to Far East...

     peace mediator, assassinated by Lehi
    Lehi (group)
    Lehi , commonly referred to in English as the Stern Group or Stern Gang, was a militant Zionist group founded by Avraham Stern in the British Mandate of Palestine...

  • Rudolf Kastner
    Rudolf Kastner
    Rudolf Israel Kastner was a Jewish-Hungarian journalist and lawyer who became known for facilitating the departure of Jews out of Nazi-occupied Hungary during the Holocaust...

     (1957), Hungarian Zionist leader, negotiated the Kasztner train with the Nazis
  • Sheikh Hamad Abu Rabia
    Hamad Abu Rabia
    Sheikh Hamad Abu Rabia was a Bedouin Israeli politician and a member of the Knesset, best known for being assassinated by sons of another Israeli Arab Druze politician.-Biography:...

     (1981), Member of the Knesset
    Knesset
    The Knesset is the unicameral legislature of Israel, located in Givat Ram, Jerusalem.-Role in Israeli Government :The legislative branch of the Israeli government, the Knesset passes all laws, elects the President and Prime Minister , approves the cabinet, and supervises the work of the government...

  • Emil Grunzweig
    Emil Grunzweig
    Emil Grunzweig was an Israeli teacher and peace activist affiliated with the Peace Now movement. He became an icon of the Israeli left after he was killed by a grenade thrown at a peace rally in Jerusalem in 1983.-Biography:Emil Grunzweig was born in Cluj in Transylvania, Romania...

     (1983), Peace activist, member of Peace Now movement.
  • Yitzhak Rabin
    Yitzhak Rabin
    ' was an Israeli politician, statesman and general. He was the fifth Prime Minister of Israel, serving two terms in office, 1974–77 and 1992 until his assassination in 1995....

     (1995), Prime Minister of Israel
    Prime Minister of Israel
    The Prime Minister of Israel is the head of the Israeli government and the most powerful political figure in Israel . The prime minister is the country's chief executive. The official residence of the prime minister, Beit Rosh Hamemshala is in Jerusalem...

     and 1994 Nobel Peace Prize
    Nobel Peace Prize
    The Nobel Peace Prize is one of the five Nobel Prizes bequeathed by the Swedish industrialist and inventor Alfred Nobel.-Background:According to Nobel's will, the Peace Prize shall be awarded to the person who...

     recipient
  • Binyamin Ze'ev Kahane
    Binyamin Ze'ev Kahane
    Binyamin Ze'ev Kahane was a rabbi and the son of Rabbi Meir Kahane.Born in New York City, he emigrated to Israel with his family at the age of four, in 1971...

     (2000), Son of Meir David Kahane, Leader of Kahane Chai, Zionist
  • Rehavam Zeevi
    Rehavam Zeevi
    ' 20 June 1926 - 17 October 2001) was an Israeli general, politician, and historian who founded the right-wing nationalist Moledet party, mainly advocating population transfer....

     (2001), Israel
    Israel
    The State of Israel is a parliamentary republic located in the Middle East, along the eastern shore of the Mediterranean Sea...

    i general and politician

Japan

  • Emperor Ankō
    Emperor Anko
    was the 20th emperor of Japan, according to the traditional order of succession.No firm dates can be assigned to this emperor's life or reign, but he is conventionally considered to have reigned from 453–456.-Legendary narrative:...

     (456), Emperor of Japan
    Emperor of Japan
    The Emperor of Japan is, according to the 1947 Constitution of Japan, "the symbol of the state and of the unity of the people." He is a ceremonial figurehead under a form of constitutional monarchy and is head of the Japanese Imperial Family with functions as head of state. He is also the highest...

  • Emperor Sushun
    Emperor Sushun
    was the 32nd emperor of Japan, according to the traditional order of succession.Sushun's reign spanned the years from 587 through 592.-Traditional narrative:...

     (592), Emperor of Japan
  • The Sogas
    Soga clan
    The was one of the most powerful clans in Yamato Japan and played a major role in the spread of Buddhism. For many generations, in the 5th and 7th centuries, the Soga monopolized the position of Great Royal Chieftain and was the first of many families to dominate the Imperial House of Japan by...

     (645), Japanese political family
  • Minamoto no Yoshitomo
    Minamoto no Yoshitomo
    was the head of the Minamoto clan and a general of the late Heian period of Japanese history. His son Minamoto no Yoritomo became shogun and founded the Kamakura Shogunate, the first shogunate in the history of Japan.-Hōgen Rebellion:...

     (1160), head of Minamoto clan
    Minamoto clan
    was one of the surnames bestowed by the Emperors of Japan upon members of the imperial family who were demoted into the ranks of the nobility. The practice was most prevalent during the Heian Period , although its last occurrence was during the Sengoku Era. The Taira were another such offshoot of...

    , father of Minamoto no Yoritomo
    Minamoto no Yoritomo
    was the founder and the first shogun of the Kamakura Shogunate of Japan. He ruled from 1192 until 1199.-Early life and exile :Yoritomo was the third son of Minamoto no Yoshitomo, heir of the Minamoto clan, and his official wife, a daughter of Fujiwara no Suenori, who was a member of the...

  • Minamoto no Sanetomo
    Minamoto no Sanetomo
    Minamoto no Sanetomo was the third shogun of the Kamakura shogunate Sanetomo was the second son of the founder of the Kamakura shogunate Minamoto no Yoritomo, his mother was Hōjō Masako, and his older brother was the second Kamakura shogun Minamoto no Yoriie.His childhood name was...

     (1219), the third shogun
    Shogun
    A was one of the hereditary military dictators of Japan from 1192 to 1867. In this period, the shoguns, or their shikken regents , were the de facto rulers of Japan though they were nominally appointed by the emperor...

     of the Kamakura Shogunate
    Kamakura shogunate
    The Kamakura shogunate was a military dictatorship in Japan headed by the shoguns from 1185 to 1333. It was based in Kamakura. The Kamakura period draws its name from the capital of the shogunate...

  • Ashikaga Yoshinori
    Ashikaga Yoshinori
    was the 6th shogun of the Ashikaga shogunate who reigned from 1429 to 1441 during the Muromachi period of Japan. Yoshinori was the son of the third shogun Ashikaga Yoshimitsu.-Shogunal succession:...

     (1441), the sixth shogun of the Ashikaga Shogunate
    Ashikaga shogunate
    The , also known as the , was a Japanese feudal military regime, ruled by the shoguns of the Ashikaga clan.This period is also known as the Muromachi period and gets its name from Muromachi Street of Kyoto where the third shogun Ashikaga Yoshimitsu established his residence...

  • Ōta Dōkan
    Ota Dokan
    , also known as Ōta Sukenaga or Ōta Dōkan Sukenaga, was a Japanese samurai warrior-poet, military tactician and Buddhist monk. Ōta Sukenaga took the tonsure as a Buddhist priest in 1478, and he also adopted the Buddhist name, Dōkan, by which is known today...

     (1486), samurai
    Samurai
    is the term for the military nobility of pre-industrial Japan. According to translator William Scott Wilson: "In Chinese, the character 侍 was originally a verb meaning to wait upon or accompany a person in the upper ranks of society, and this is also true of the original term in Japanese, saburau...

    , architect and builder of Edo Castle
  • Hosokawa Masamoto
    Hosokawa Masamoto
    a notable Deputy-Shogun of the Hosokawa clan of Japan, and son of Hosokawa Katsumoto. Masamoto was appointed to this very high rank during the year of 1486. However, for a brief period this title was lost by Hatakeyama Masanaga but was regained in time. When Ashikaga Yoshihisa died childless during...

     (1507), shugo daimyo of Ashikaga Shogunate
  • Matsudaira Kiyoyasu
    Matsudaira Kiyoyasu
    was the 7th lord over the Matsudaira clan during the Sengoku period of Japan. Kiyoyasu was the grandfather of the exceedingly famous unifier of Japan, Tokugawa Ieyasu. Kiyoyasu soon gained control of the whole of the northern region of Mikawa province after the Saigo clan had surrendered after...

     (1535), daimyo
    Daimyo
    is a generic term referring to the powerful territorial lords in pre-modern Japan who ruled most of the country from their vast, hereditary land holdings...

    , feudal leader in Japan
  • Matsudaira Hirotada
    Matsudaira Hirotada
    was the lord of Okazaki Castle in Mikawa province, Japan during the Sengoku Period of the 16th century. He is best known for being the father of Tokugawa Ieyasu, founder of the Tokugawa Shogunate....

     (1549), daimyo
    Daimyo
    is a generic term referring to the powerful territorial lords in pre-modern Japan who ruled most of the country from their vast, hereditary land holdings...

    , son of Matsudaira Kiyoyasu
  • Ōuchi Yoshitaka
    Ouchi Yoshitaka
    was a daimyo of Suo province and a son of Ōuchi Yoshioki.In 1522, he fought the Amago clan along with his father, Yoshioki, to win the control of Aki province. Upon Yoshioki's death in 1528, Yoshitaka became the head of Ōuchi clan. In the 1530s, he led a military actions in the northern Kyūshū,...

     (1551), daimyo, feudal leader in Japan
  • Oda Nobuyuki
    Oda Nobuyuki
    was the son of Oda Nobuhide, and younger brother of Oda Nobunaga in the earlier years of the Sengoku period of the 16th century of Japan.Nobuyuki conspired against his brother Nobunaga with the Hayashi and Shibata families. Nobuyuki's Suemori Castle was reduced by Ikeda Nobuteru. Though Hayashi and...

     (1557), Japanese samurai, younger brother of Oda Nobunaga
    Oda Nobunaga
    was the initiator of the unification of Japan under the shogunate in the late 16th century, which ruled Japan until the Meiji Restoration in 1868. He was also a major daimyo during the Sengoku period of Japanese history. His opus was continued, completed and finalized by his successors Toyotomi...

  • Ashikaga Yoshiteru
    Ashikaga Yoshiteru
    , also known as Yoshifushi or Yoshifuji, was the 13th shogun of the Ashikaga shogunate who reigned from 1546 to 1565 during the late Muromachi period of Japan. He was the eldest son of the 12th shogun, Ashikaga Yoshiharu; and his mother was a daughter of Konoe Taneie...

     (1565), Shogun
    Shogun
    A was one of the hereditary military dictators of Japan from 1192 to 1867. In this period, the shoguns, or their shikken regents , were the de facto rulers of Japan though they were nominally appointed by the emperor...

    , feudal leader in Japan
  • Mimura Iechika
    Mimura Iechika
    was a Japanese daimyo of the Sengoku period. The son of Mimura Munechika, he was the lord of Matsuyama Castle, in Bitchū Province...

     (1566), daimyo, feudal leader in Japan
  • Yamanaka Shikanosuke (1578), Japanese samurai
  • Oda Nobunaga
    Oda Nobunaga
    was the initiator of the unification of Japan under the shogunate in the late 16th century, which ruled Japan until the Meiji Restoration in 1868. He was also a major daimyo during the Sengoku period of Japanese history. His opus was continued, completed and finalized by his successors Toyotomi...

     (1582), samurai warlord
  • Shakushain
    Shakushain's Revolt
    was an Ainu rebellion against Japanese authority on Hokkaidō between 1669 to 1672. It was led by Ainu chieftain Shakushain against the Matsumae clan, who represented Japanese trading and governmental interests in the area of Hokkaidō then controlled by the Japanese .The war initially began as a...

     (1669), Ainu
    Ainu people
    The , also called Aynu, Aino , and in historical texts Ezo , are indigenous people or groups in Japan and Russia. Historically they spoke the Ainu language and related varieties and lived in Hokkaidō, the Kuril Islands, and much of Sakhalin...

     chieftain
  • Kira Yoshinaka
    Kira Yoshinaka
    was a kōke . His court title was Kōzuke no suke. He is famous as the adversary of Asano Naganori in the events of the Forty-seven Ronin...

    ,(1703), master of ceremonies
  • Shimazu Nariaki (1858), Japanese daimyo in Satsuma Province
    Satsuma Province
    was an old province of Japan that is now the western half of Kagoshima Prefecture on the island of Kyūshū. Its abbreviation is Sasshū .During the Sengoku Period, Satsuma was a fief of the Shimazu daimyo, who ruled much of southern Kyūshū from their castle at Kagoshima city.In 1871, with the...

    , now Kagoshima prefecture
    Kagoshima Prefecture
    is a prefecture of Japan located on the island of Kyushu. The capital is the city of Kagoshima.- Geography :Kagoshima Prefecture is located at the southwest tip of Kyushu and includes a chain of islands stretching further to the southwest for a few hundred kilometers...

  • Ii Naosuke
    Ii Naosuke
    was daimyo of Hikone and also Tairō of Tokugawa Shogunate, Japan, a position he held from April 23, 1858 until his death on March 24, 1860. He is most famous for signing the Harris Treaty with the United States, granting access to ports for trade to American merchants and seamen and...

     (1860), Japanese politician
  • Tokugawa Nariaki
    Tokugawa Nariaki
    Tokugawa Nariaki was a prominent Japanese daimyo who ruled the Mito domain and contributed to the rise of nationalism and the Meiji restoration.- Clan leader :...

     (1860), Japanese daimyo, a relative of Tokugawa shoguns
  • Charles Lennox Richardson
    Charles Lennox Richardson
    Charles Lennox Richardson was an English merchant based in Shanghai who was killed in Japan during the Namamugi Incident. His name is properly spelled as “Charles Lenox Richardson” according to the census and family documents.-Merchant:Richardson was born in London in 1834. He relocated to...

     (1862), English diplomat, by Shimazu Hisamitsu
    Shimazu Hisamitsu
    Prince , also known as ', was a Japanese samurai of the late Edo period. The younger brother of Shimazu Nariakira, Hisamitsu served as regent for his underage son Tadayoshi , who became the 12th and last lord. Hisamitsu was instrumental in the efforts of the southern Satsuma, Chōshū, and Tosa clans...

    's samurai in Namamugi. Called the Namamugi Incident
    Namamugi Incident
    The was a samurai assault on foreign nationals in Japan on September 14, 1862, which resulted in the August 1863 bombardment of Kagoshima, during the Late Tokugawa shogunate...

  • Serizawa Kamo
    Serizawa Kamo
    Serizawa Kamo was a samurai known for being the original lead commander of the Shinsengumi. He trained in and received a licence in the Shindō Munen-ryū. "Kamo" means goose or duck in Japanese which was an odd name to call oneself at the time...

     (1863), a chief of Shinsen-gumi
  • Sakuma Shozan
    Sakuma Shozan
    sometimes called Sakuma Zōzan, was a Japanese politician and scholar of the Edo era. He was the son of a samurai, and a native of Shinshu in today's Nagano-ken.From the age of 23, he went to Edo and for 10 years studied Chinese sciences ....

     (1864), Japanese politician
  • Sakamoto Ryoma
    Sakamoto Ryoma
    was a leader of the movement to overthrow the Tokugawa shogunate during the Bakumatsu period in Japan. Ryōma used the alias .- Early life :Ryōma was born in Kōchi, of Tosa han . By the Japanese calendar, this was the sixth year of Tenpō...

     (1867), Japanese author
  • Ōmura Masujirō
    Omura Masujiro
    -External links:* * * http://www.jstor.org/view/03636917/di973569/97p0119n/0...

     (1869), military leader and theorist
  • Yokoi Shōnan (1869), scholar and politician
  • Okubo Toshimichi
    Okubo Toshimichi
    , was a Japanese statesman, a samurai of Satsuma, and one of the three great nobles who led the Meiji Restoration. He is regarded as one of the main founders of modern Japan.-Early life:...

     (1878), Home Minister of Japan, briefly most powerful man in Japan
  • Mori Arinori
    Mori Arinori
    Viscount was a Meiji period Japanese statesman, diplomat and founder of Japan's modern educational system.-Early life:Mori was born in the Satsuma domain from a samurai family, and educated in the Kaisenjo School for Western Learning run by the Satsuma domain...

     (1889), First Education Minister
  • Prince Ito Hirobumi
    Ito Hirobumi
    Prince was a samurai of Chōshū domain, Japanese statesman, four time Prime Minister of Japan , genrō and Resident-General of Korea. Itō was assassinated by An Jung-geun, a Korean nationalist who was against the annexation of Korea by the Japanese Empire...

     (1909 October 26), First Prime Minister of Japan
  • Hara Takashi
    Hara Takashi
    was a Japanese politician and the 19th Prime Minister of Japan from 29 September 1918 to 4 November 1921. He was also called Hara Kei informally. He was the first commoner appointed to the office of prime minister of Japan...

     (1921), Prime Minister of Japan
  • Yasuda Zenjirō
    Yasuda Zenjiro
    was a Japanese entrepreneur from Toyama, Etchu Province who founded the Yasuda zaibatsu . He donated the to the University of Tokyo. He was the great-grandfather of Yoko Ono.-Biography:...

     (1921), entrepreneur who founded Yasuda zaibatsu, great-grand father of Yoko Ono
    Yoko Ono
    is a Japanese artist, musician, author and peace activist, known for her work in avant-garde art, music and filmmaking as well as her marriage to John Lennon...

  • Hamaguchi Osachi
    Hamaguchi Osachi
    was a Japanese politician and the 27th Prime Minister of Japan from 2 July 1929 to 14 April 1931. He was called the "Lion prime minister" due to his physical features.-Early life:...

     (1931), Prime Minister of Japan
  • Dan Takuma
    Dan Takuma
    was a Japanese businessman who was Director-General of Mitsui, one of the leading Japanese zaibatsu . He was a graduate of Massachusetts Institute of Technology and was married to the younger sister of statesman Kaneko Kentarō....

     (1932), zaibatsu
    Zaibatsu
    is a Japanese term referring to industrial and financial business conglomerates in the Empire of Japan, whose influence and size allowed for control over significant parts of the Japanese economy from the Meiji period until the end of World War II.-Terminology:...

    leader
  • Inukai Tsuyoshi
    Inukai Tsuyoshi
    was a Japanese politician and the 29th Prime Minister of Japan from 13 December 1931 to 15 May 1932.-Early life:Inukai was born to a former samurai family of the Niwase Domain, in Niwase village, Bizen Province , and was a graduate of Keio Gijuku in Tokyo. In his early career, he worked as a...

     (1932), Prime Minister of Japan
  • Yoshinori Shirakawa (1932), general of the Imperial Japanese Army
    Imperial Japanese Army
    -Foundation:During the Meiji Restoration, the military forces loyal to the Emperor were samurai drawn primarily from the loyalist feudal domains of Satsuma and Chōshū...

  • Tetsuzan Nagata
    Tetsuzan Nagata
    -External links:...

     (1935), general of the Imperial Japanese Army
  • Saitō Makoto
    Saito Makoto
    Viscount was an admiral in the Imperial Japanese Navy, two-time Governor-General of Korea from 1919 to 1927 and from 1929 to 1931, and the 30th Prime Minister of Japan from May 26, 1932 to July 8, 1934.-Early life:...

     (1936), admiral
    Admiral
    Admiral is the rank, or part of the name of the ranks, of the highest naval officers. It is usually considered a full admiral and above vice admiral and below admiral of the fleet . It is usually abbreviated to "Adm" or "ADM"...

     of the Imperial Japanese Navy
    Imperial Japanese Navy
    The Imperial Japanese Navy was the navy of the Empire of Japan from 1869 until 1947, when it was dissolved following Japan's constitutional renunciation of the use of force as a means of settling international disputes...

  • Takahashi Korekiyo
    Takahashi Korekiyo
    Viscount was a Japanese politician and the 20th Prime Minister of Japan from 13 November 1921 to 12 June 1922. He was known as an expert on finance during his political career.-Early life :...

     (1936), Prime Minister of Japan
  • Inejiro Asanuma
    Inejiro Asanuma
    Inejiro Asanuma was a Japanese politician, and head of the Japanese Socialist Party. Asanuma was noted for speaking publicly about Socialism and economic and cultural opportunities...

     (1960), Socialist Party of Japan chairman
  • Kazuo Nagano
    Kazuo Nagano
    was chairman of the board at Toyota Shoji which was responsible for swindling 3,855 people, mostly elderly, out of 12 billion yen. In 1985, two men entered his house in Osaka through the window while at least 40 reporters watched, proceeding to stab him to death with a bayonet...

     (1985), Japanese chairman
  • Hitoshi Igarashi
    Hitoshi Igarashi
    was a Japanese scholar of Arabic and Persian literature and history and the Japanese translator of Salman Rushdie's novel The Satanic Verses. He completed his doctoral programme in Islamic art at the University of Tokyo in 1976, and was research fellow at the Royal Academy of Iran until the Islamic...

     (1991), translated The Satanic Verses
    The Satanic Verses
    The Satanic Verses is Salman Rushdie's fourth novel, first published in 1988 and inspired in part by the life of Prophet Muhammad. As with his previous books, Rushdie used magical realism and relied on contemporary events and people to create his characters...

    into Japanese
    Japanese language
    is a language spoken by over 130 million people in Japan and in Japanese emigrant communities. It is a member of the Japonic language family, which has a number of proposed relationships with other languages, none of which has gained wide acceptance among historical linguists .Japanese is an...

  • Hideo Murai
    Hideo Murai
    Hideo Murai was a member of Aum Shinrikyo and a scientist.-Life:Best known as head of Aum's Ministry of Science, Murai was an astrophysicist. He received a Ph.D. in astrophysics from Osaka University, studying X-ray emissions of celestial bodies, and was also a computer programmer...

     (1995), one of the leading members of Aum Shinrikyo
    Aum Shinrikyo
    Aum Shinrikyo was a Japanese new religious movement. The group was founded by Shoko Asahara in 1984. The group gained international notoriety in 1995, when it carried out the Sarin gas attack on the Tokyo subway....

  • Koki Ishii
    Koki Ishii
    Kōki Ishii was a Japanese politician of the Democratic Party of Japan born in Setagaya, Tokyo.-Early life:...

     (2002), Japanese politician
  • Iccho Itoh
    Iccho Itoh
    , born , was the mayor of the Japanese city of Nagasaki; he first took office in 1995. He was a graduate from Waseda University, and majored in political science.-Career:...

     (2007), Mayor of Nagasaki

Jordan

  • Abdullah I
    Abdullah I of Jordan
    Abdullah I bin al-Hussein, King of Jordan [‘Abd Allāh ibn al-Husayn] عبد الله الأول بن الحسين born in Mecca, Second Saudi State, was the second of three sons of Sherif Hussein bin Ali, Sharif and Emir of Mecca and his first wife Abdiyya bint Abdullah...

     (1951 July 20), King of Jordan, when entering the Al Aqsa Mosque
  • Hazza al-Majali (1960 August 29), Prime Minister of Jordan, killed with 10 others by time bomb in office
  • Laurence Foley
    Laurence Foley
    Laurence Michael Foley, Sr. was an American diplomat assassinated outside his home in Amman, Jordan....

     (2002), USAID
    United States Agency for International Development
    The United States Agency for International Development is the United States federal government agency primarily responsible for administering civilian foreign aid. President John F. Kennedy created USAID in 1961 by executive order to implement development assistance programs in the areas...

     official, by Al-Qaeda
    Al-Qaeda
    Al-Qaeda is a global broad-based militant Islamist terrorist organization founded by Osama bin Laden sometime between August 1988 and late 1989. It operates as a network comprising both a multinational, stateless army and a radical Sunni Muslim movement calling for global Jihad...

     operatives

Korea

  • King Bunseo of Baekje (304), King of Baekje during the Three Kingdoms of Korea
    Three Kingdoms of Korea
    The Three Kingdoms of Korea refer to the ancient Korean kingdoms of Goguryeo, Baekje and Silla, which dominated the Korean peninsula and parts of Manchuria for much of the 1st millennium...

  • Queen Min of Joseon (1895), the last empress of Korea
  • Lyuh Woon-Hyung
    Lyuh Woon-Hyung
    Yuh Woon-Hyung was a Korean politician who argued that Korean independence was essential to world peace, and a reunification activist who struggled for the independent reunification of Korea since its national division in 1945....

     (1947), former head of People's Republic of Korea
    People's Republic of Korea
    The People's Republic of Korea was a short-lived provisional government organized to take over control of Korea after the Surrender of Japan at the end of the Pacific War. It operated as the government in late August and early September of 1945 until the United States Army Military Government in...

  • Yuk Yeong-Su (1974 August 15), Wife of President Park Chung Hee and First Lady
    First Lady
    First Lady or First Gentlemanis the unofficial title used in some countries for the spouse of an elected head of state.It is not normally used to refer to the spouse or partner of a prime minister; the husband or wife of the British Prime Minister is usually informally referred to as prime...

     of South Korea
  • Park Chung-Hee
    Park Chung-hee
    Park Chung-hee was a Republic of Korea Army general and the leader of South Korea from 1961 to 1979. He seized power in a military coup and ruled until his assassination in 1979. He has been credited with the industrialization of the Republic of Korea through export-led growth...

     (1979 October 25), President of South Korea
    President of South Korea
    The President of the Republic of Korea is, according to the Constitution of the Republic of Korea, chief executive of the government, commander-in-chief of the armed forces, and the head of state of the Republic of Korea...


Lebanon

  • Raymond II of Tripoli
    Raymond II of Tripoli
    Raymond II of Tripoli was Count of Tripoli from 1137 to 1152.He was the son of Pons of Tripoli and Cecile of France. In 1137, he married Hodierna of Rethel, daughter of Baldwin II, King of Jerusalem. Later that year, he succeeded his father, after Pons was killed in a battle with the army of...

     (1152), count of Tripoli
    County of Tripoli
    The County of Tripoli was the last Crusader state founded in the Levant, located in what today are parts of western Syria and northern Lebanon, where exists the modern city of Tripoli. The Crusader state was captured and created by Christian forces in 1109, originally held by Bertrand of Toulouse...

  • Philip of Montfort
    Philip of Montfort, Lord of Tyre
    Philip of Montfort, was Lord of La Ferté-Alais and Castres-en-Albigeois 1228–1270, Lord of Tyre 1246–1270, and Lord of Toron aft. 1240–1270...

     (1270), Lord of Tyre
  • Sami al-Hinnawi
    Sami al-Hinnawi
    Colonel Sami Hilmy al-Hinnawi was a Syrian politician and military man. He was born in Aleppo and had sereved in the Ottoman army before serving in the French-Syrian army during the French Mandate of Syria....

     (1950), Syrian head of state
  • Francis E. Meloy, Jr.
    Francis E. Meloy, Jr.
    Francis Edward Meloy, Jr. was a U.S. diplomat assassinated in Beirut in 1976.-Biography:Meloy was born in Washington, D.C. on March 28, 1917 and served in the United States Navy during World War II. He later become a Foreign Service officer, serving as U.S...

     and Robert O. Waring, US Ambassador and US Economic Councelor to Lebanon and their driver Zuhair Mohammed Moghrabi (1976 June 16)
  • Kamal Jumblatt
    Kamal Jumblatt
    Kamal Jumblatt ; was an important Lebanese politician. He was the main leader of the anti-government forces in the Lebanese Civil War until his assassination in 1977. He is the father of the present Lebanese Druze leader Walid Jumblatt.-Family background and education:Kamal Jumblatt was born in...

     (1977), Lebanese Druze leader
  • Tony Frangieh
    Tony Frangieh
    Antoine Frangieh was a Lebanese politician and militia leader during the early years of the Lebanese Civil War.- Education and early political career :...

     (1978), Lebanese Christian leader
  • Bachir Gemayel
    Bachir Gemayel
    Bachir Gemayel was a Lebanese politician, militia commander, and president-elect...

     (1982), president-elect of Lebanon, killed by bomb
  • Rashid Karami
    Rashid Karami
    Rashid Abdul Hamid Karami was a Lebanese statesman. He was one of the most important political figures in Lebanon for more than 30 years, including during much of Lebanese Civil War , and he served as Prime Minister eight times.- Background :Rashid Karami was born in Tripoli, into one of...

     (1987 June 1), Prime Minister of Lebanon, killed by bomb aboard helicopter
  • René Moawad
    René Moawad
    René Moawad was President of Lebanon for 17 days in 1989, from the 5th to the 22nd of November, when he was assassinated by unknowns. Syria accused Michel Aoun of the assassination....

     (1989), President of Lebanon
  • Dany Chamoun
    Dany Chamoun
    Dany Chamoun was a prominent Lebanese politician. A Maronite Christian and the younger son of former President Camille Chamoun, Dany Chamoun was also a politician in his own right, and was known for his opposition to the occupation of Lebanese territory by foreign forces, whether Syrian or...

     (1990), son of late president Camille Chamoun
    Camille Chamoun
    Camille Nimr Chamoun was President of Lebanon from 1952 to 1958, and one of the country's main Christian leaders during most of the Lebanese Civil War ....

  • Elie Hobeika
    Elie Hobeika
    Elie Hobeika was a Lebanese Phalangist and Lebanese Forces militia commander during the Lebanese Civil War, and former MP...

     (2002), Lebanese militia leader
  • Rafik Hariri
    Rafik Hariri
    Rafic Baha El Deen Al-Hariri , was a business tycoon and the Prime Minister of Lebanon from 1992 to 1998 and again from 2000 until his resignation, 20 October 2004.He headed five cabinets during his tenure...

     (2005), former Prime Minister of Lebanon
    Lebanon
    Lebanon , officially the Republic of LebanonRepublic of Lebanon is the most common term used by Lebanese government agencies. The term Lebanese Republic, a literal translation of the official Arabic and French names that is not used in today's world. Arabic is the most common language spoken among...

  • Bassel Fleihan
    Bassel Fleihan
    Bassel Fleihan was a Lebanese legislator and Minister of Economy and Commerce. He died from injuries sustained when a massive bomb exploded on the Beirut seafront as he passed by in former Lebanese Prime Minister Rafik al-Hariri's motorcade on February 14, 2005. 20 other people, including Hariri,...

     (2005), Lebanese legislator and Minister of Economy and Commerce
  • Samir Kassir
    Samir Kassir
    Samir Kassir was a Lebanese professor of history at Saint-Joseph University and journalist. Born to a Palestinian father and a Syrian mother, Kassir received his degree in philosophy and political philosophy in 1984, in 1990, Kassir earned his PhD in Modern History also from the University of...

     (2005), Columnist at "An Nahar" daily Lebanese newspaper, long a fiery critic of Syria
  • George Hawi
    George Hawi
    George Hawi was a Lebanese politician and former secretary general of the Lebanese Communist Party . He was assassinated in 2005.-Background:...

     (2005), former chief of Lebanese Communist Party
  • Gibran Tueni (2005), Editor in Chief of "An Nahar" daily Lebanese newspaper
  • Pierre Gemayel
    Pierre Amine Gemayel
    Pierre Amine Gemayel was a Lebanese politician in the Kataeb Party, better known in English as the Phalange Party. Lebanon's second-youngest MP, he was a rising star in his party...

     (2006), Minister of Industry of Lebanon
  • Walid Eido
    Walid Eido
    Walid Eido was a Lebanese politician and member of the Current for the Future Lebanese political movement and an MP in the Lebanese Parliament. He was also a member of the March 14 Coalition...

     (2007), member of the National Assembly
  • Antoine Ghanim (2007), member of the National Assembly
  • François al-Hajj
    François al-Hajj
    General François al-Hajj was born in the southern Lebanese town of Rmaich. He was assassinated by a car bomb on December 12, 2007.-Military career:...

     (2007) Lebanese Military General
  • Wissam Eid (2008) National Security, Information Sector

Malaysia

  • James Wheeler Woodford Birch (1875), a British Resident Minister in the State of Perak
  • Sir Henry Gurney
    Henry Gurney
    Sir Henry Lovell Goldsworthy Gurney KCMG K.St.J. was a British official who was assassinated by communist insurgents during the Malayan Emergency.-Background:...

     (1951), was British High Commissioner in Malaya (1950–1951), killed by Malayan Communist Party
    Malayan Communist Party
    The Malayan Communist Party , officially known as the Communist Party of Malaya , was founded in 1930 and laid down its arms in 1989. It is most famous for its role in the Malayan Emergency.-Formation:...

     guerillas
  • Sir Duncan Stewart (1949), was Second Governor of Sarawak
    Sarawak
    Sarawak is one of two Malaysian states on the island of Borneo. Known as Bumi Kenyalang , Sarawak is situated on the north-west of the island. It is the largest state in Malaysia followed by Sabah, the second largest state located to the North- East.The administrative capital is Kuching, which...

    , a British Crown Colony (1946–1963), killed by the Rukun 13 members, Rosli Dhobie, Awang Ramli Mohd Deli, and Bujang Suntong

Mongolia

  • Sanjaasürengiin Zorig
    Sanjaasürengiin Zorig
    Zorig Sanjaasuren was a prominent Mongolian politician and leader of the country's 1990 democratic revolution. He was called the "Golden Magpie of Democracy". His murder remains unsolved...

     (1998), politician and democratic activist, stabbed to death in his apartment

Myanmar (Burma)

  • Alaungsithu
    Alaungsithu
    Alaungsithu or Sithu I was king of Pagan Dynasty of Burma from 1113 to 1167. Sithu's reign was a prosperous one in which Pagan was an integral part of in-land and maritime trading networks...

     (1112–1167) King of Pagan Kingdom
    Pagan Kingdom
    The Pagan Kingdom or Pagan Dynasty was the first kingdom to unify the regions that would later constitute the modern-day Burma...

     assassinated by his son Narathu
    Narathu
    Narathu was king of Pagan dynasty of Burma from 1167 to 1170. Narahthu ascended to the throne by murdering his father King Alaungsithu and his elder brother Min Shin Saw. In atonement for his many cruelties, Narathu built the largest of all the Pagan temples, the Dhammayangyi.Narathu's conduct...

  • Tabinshwehti
    Tabinshwehti
    Tabinshwehti was a king who unified Burma in 1539 and known as the founder of the Second Burmese Empire.Tabinshwehti succeeded his father Mingyinyo as ruler of the Toungoo dynasty in 1530...

     (1550) King of Taungoo Dynasty assassinated by Mon
    Mon people
    The Mon are an ethnic group from Burma , living mostly in Mon State, Bago Division, the Irrawaddy Delta, and along the southern Thai–Burmese border. One of the earliest peoples to reside in Southeast Asia, the Mon were responsible for the spread of Theravada Buddhism in Burma and Thailand...

     revival
  • Anaukpetlun
    Anaukpetlun
    Anaukpetlun was the sixth king of Toungoo dynasty of Burma, and was largely responsible for restoring Burmese kingdom after it had famously collapsed at the end of 16th century. In his 22-year reign between 1606 and 1628, Anaukpetlun completed the reunification efforts of the Burmese kingdom begun...

     (1628) King of Nyaungyan Dynasty
  • Crown Prince Ka Naung
    Crown Prince Ka Naung
    Kanaung Mintha was a son of King Tharrawaddy and younger brother of King Mindon of Burma. Towards the end of the Second Anglo-Burmese War, Kanaung and Mindon overthrew their half brother Pagan and enthroned the latter. Subsequently, Kanaung became the Heir Apparent on July 11, 1853. He was the...

     (Burmese: ကနောင္‌မင္‌းသား; 1829–1866) was a son of King Tharrawaddy and younger brother of King Mindon
  • Aung San
    Aung San
    Bogyoke Aung San ; 13 February 1915 – 19 July 1947) was a Burmese revolutionary, nationalist, and founder of the modern Burmese army, the Tatmadaw....

     (1947), Burmese nationalist leader, founder of Thirty Comrades
    Thirty Comrades
    The Thirty Comrades constituted the embryo of the modern Burmese army called the Burma Independence Army which was formed to fight for independence from Britain...

  • U Ba Win
    U Ba Win
    Ba Win was a Burmese politician, and Minister of Trade in the Interim Government of Burma. He was the eldest brother of Aung San, and was assassinated together with his youngest brother during an Executive Council meeting on 19 July 1947...

     (1947)
  • Kenji Nagai
    Kenji Nagai
    was a Japanese photojournalist who took many assignments to conflict zones and dangerous areas around the world. He was shot dead in Burma during the 2007 Burmese anti-government protests....

     (2007), Japanese Photojournalist

Nepal

  • Birendra
    Birendra of Nepal
    Birendra Bir Bikram Shah Dev was a King of Nepal. The son of King Mahendra, whom he succeeded in 1972, he reigned until his death in the 2001 Nepalese royal massacre...

     (2001 June 1), King of Nepal
    Nepal
    Nepal , officially the Federal Democratic Republic of Nepal, is a landlocked sovereign state located in South Asia. It is located in the Himalayas and bordered to the north by the People's Republic of China, and to the south, east, and west by the Republic of India...

     (along with Queen Aiswary and 9 other members of the royal family), killed by crown prince

Pakistan

  • Liaquat Ali Khan
    Liaquat Ali Khan
    For other people with the same or similar name, see Liaqat Ali Nawabzada Liaquat Ali Khan was a Pakistani statesman who became the first Prime Minister of Pakistan, Defence minister and Commonwealth, Kashmir Affairs...

     (1951 October 16), first Prime Minister of Pakistan
    Prime Minister of Pakistan
    The Prime Minister of Pakistan , is the Head of Government of Pakistan who is designated to exercise as the country's Chief Executive. By the Constitution of Pakistan, Pakistan has the parliamentary democratic system of government...

  • Hayat Sherpao (1975), Former Governor of the North-West Frontier Province
    Governor of the North-West Frontier Province
    The Governor of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa is the appointed Head of State of the provincial government in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan. The governor is designated by the Prime Minister and is normally regarded a ceremonial post...

     was killed by Afghan extremist.
  • Muhammad Zia-ul-Haq
    Muhammad Zia-ul-Haq
    General Muhammad Zia-ul-Haq , was the 4th Chief Martial Law Administrator and the sixth President of Pakistan from July 1977 to his death in August 1988...

     (1988 August 17), 10-year President of Pakistan
    President of Pakistan
    The President of Pakistan is the head of state, as well as figurehead, of the Islamic Republic of Pakistan. Recently passed an XVIII Amendment , Pakistan has a parliamentary democratic system of government. According to the Constitution, the President is chosen by the Electoral College to serve a...

     and 12-year Chief of Army Staff
    Chief of Army Staff of the Pakistan Army
    The Chief of Army Staff of Pakistan Army, shortly abbreviated as COAS, is the highest staff post in the Pakistan Army, held by the senior 4-star rank officer. It is the highest and most prestigious 4-star assignment, unless the 4-star officer is appointed as the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of...

     in a mysterious aircraft accident which seemed to be a bomb blast (traced to a crate of mangoes placed into his aircraft).
  • Abdullah Yusuf Azzam
    Abdullah Yusuf Azzam
    Abdullah Yusuf Azzam was a highly influential Palestinian Sunni Islamic scholar and theologian, who preached in favor of defensive jihad by Muslims to help the Afghan mujahideen against the Soviet invaders...

     (1989), militant Islamist
    Islamism
    Islamism also , lit., "Political Islam" is set of ideologies holding that Islam is not only a religion but also a political system. Islamism is a controversial term, and definitions of it sometimes vary...

    , near Peshawar
    Peshawar
    Peshawar is the capital of Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa and the administrative center and central economic hub for the Federally Administered Tribal Areas of Pakistan....

  • Fazle Haq
    Fazle Haq
    Lieutenant General Fazle Haq was a 3-star rank general in the Pakistan Army, and former Martial Law Administrator of Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa province of Pakistan. He was the "Corps-Commander" of the XI Corps, and commanded all the Pakistan Army assets assigned in the Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa Province...

     (1991), former governor of the Northwest Frontier province, Pakistan, from 1978 to 1985
  • Ghulam Haider Wyne (Sep 1993) Former Chief Minister of Punjab
  • Iqbal Masih
    Iqbal Masih
    Iqbal Masih , was a young Pakistan Islamic boy who was forced into bonded labour in a carpet factory at the age of four, became an international figurehead for the Bonded Labour Liberation Front at the age of 10 after he escape from servitude, and was assassinated at the age of 13.-Early life and...

     (1995), 13-year-old anti-child labor activist, in Rakh Baoli
  • Hakim Said
    Hakim Said
    Sir Hakim Muhammad Said , was a prominent and world acclaimed medical researcher, scholar, philanthropist, and a former Governor of Sindh Province of Pakistan from 1993 until 1996...

     (1998), Founder of Hamdard Foundation and Hamdard University
    Hamdard University
    Hamdard University is a private institution of higher education in Karachi and Islamabad, Pakistan. The university was founded in 1991 by Hakim Said of the Hamdard Foundation. Hamdard University has the largest campus of any private university in Pakistan, covering...

    , Karachi. Former Governor of Sindh
    Sindh
    Sindh historically referred to as Ba'ab-ul-Islam , is one of the four provinces of Pakistan and historically is home to the Sindhi people. It is also locally known as the "Mehran". Though Muslims form the largest religious group in Sindh, a good number of Christians, Zoroastrians and Hindus can...

  • Siddiq Khan Kanju
    Siddiq Khan Kanju
    Mohammad Siddiq Khan Kanju , Lodhran district in Punjab province, Pakistan, died in Kahror Pakka in July 2001) was a Pakistani politician and Minister of State for Foreign Affairs.-Education:...

     (2001), former foreign minister of Pakistan from 1991 to 1993
  • Benazir Bhutto
    Benazir Bhutto
    Benazir Bhutto was a democratic socialist who served as the 11th Prime Minister of Pakistan in two non-consecutive terms from 1988 until 1990 and 1993 until 1996....

     (2007 December 27), former Prime Minister of Pakistan (first and only lady Prime minister of Pakistan), by unknown assassins
  • Baitullah Mehsud
    Baitullah Mehsud
    Baitullah Mehsud was a leading militant in Waziristan, Pakistan, and the leader of the Tehrik-i-Taliban Pakistan . He formed the TTP from an alliance of about five militant groups in December 2007. He is thought by U.S...

     (2009) Leader of Tehrik-i-Taliban Pakistan
    Tehrik-i-Taliban Pakistan
    Tehrik-i-Taliban Pakistan , alternatively referred to as the Pakistani Taliban, is an umbrella organization of various Islamist militant groups based in the Federally Administered Tribal Areas along the Afghan border in Pakistan. Most, but not all, Pakistani Taliban groups coalesce under the TTP...

  • Dr.Imran Farooq  ( 2010 Sept 16),founding member of the All Pakistan Muhajir Student Organization (APMSO),by unknown assassins
  • Salman Taseer (2011 January 4), Governor of Punjab
  • Shahbaz Bhatti
    Shahbaz Bhatti
    Clement Shahbaz Bhatti , popularly known as Shahbaz Bhatti, was a Pakistani politician and elected member of the National Assembly from 2008. He was the first Federal Minister for Minorities Affairs from November 2008 until his assassination on 2 March 2011 in Islamabad...

     (2011 March 2), Minorities Minister

Palestinian territories

  • Yahya Ayyash
    Yahya Ayyash
    Yahya Abd-al-Latif Ayyash was the chief bombmaker of Hamas and the leader of the West Bank battalion of the Izz ad-Din al-Qassam Brigades...

     (1996), Hamas
    Hamas
    Hamas is the Palestinian Sunni Islamic or Islamist political party that governs the Gaza Strip. Hamas also has a military wing, the Izz ad-Din al-Qassam Brigades...

    ' explosives expert
  • Abu Ali Mustafa
    Abu Ali Mustafa
    Abu Ali Mustafa , , the kunya of Mustafa Alhaj a.k.a. Mustafa Ali Zibri, was the Secretary General of the Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine from July 2000 until he was killed by Israel forces.-Biography:...

     (2001), leader of PFLP
  • Salah Shahade
    Salah Shahade
    Salah Mustafa Muhammad Shehade , was a member of the Palestinian Islamist movement Hamas...

     (2002), leader of Hamas' military wing
  • Ibrahim al-Makadmeh
    Ibrahim al-Makadmeh
    Ibrahim al-Makadmeh was a Palestinian and Hamas senior leader in the Gaza Strip who was killed by Israeli forces. Makadmeh, one of Hamas' founders and a leader of the group's military wing, was accused of engineering several attacks that killed 28 Israelis...

     (2003), co-founder of Hamas
  • Sheikh Ahmed Yassin (2004), leader and founder of Hamas
  • Abdel Aziz al-Rantissi
    Abdel Aziz al-Rantissi
    Dr. Abdel Aziz Ali Abdulmajid al-Rantissi ; 23 October 1947 – 17 April 2004) was the co-founder of the militant Palestinian Islamist organization Hamas with Sheikh Ahmed Yassin....

     (2004), leader of Hamas
  • Izz El-Deen Sheikh Khalil
    Izz El-Deen Sheikh Khalil
    Izz El-Deen Sobhi Sheikh Khalil , from the Shajaiyeh district of Gaza City, presently a Hamas stronghold, was a senior member of the military wing of the Palestinian Islamist group Hamas when he was killed in an automobile booby trap on September 26, 2004, in the al-Zahera district of southern...

     (2004), Hamas operative
  • Adnan al-Ghoul
    Adnan al-Ghoul
    Adnan Al-Ghoul was the assistant of Mohammed Deif, the leader of the Izz ad-Din al-Qassam Brigades, the armed wing of Hamas. He was eliminated in a targeted killing along with Imad Abbas when an Israeli Air Force Apache helicopter fired missiles at their car in Gaza on October 21, 2004...

     (2004), Hamas' explosives expert
  • Nizar Rayan
    Nizar Rayan
    Nizar Rayan was a top Hamas leader who served as a liaison between the Palestinian organization's political leadership and its military wing. Also a professor of Islamic law, he came to be considered a top clerical authority within Hamas after the death of Sheikh Ahmed Yassin in 2004...

     (2009), Senior Hamas leader

Philippines

  • Ferdinand Magellan
    Ferdinand Magellan
    Ferdinand Magellan was a Portuguese explorer. He was born in Sabrosa, in northern Portugal, and served King Charles I of Spain in search of a westward route to the "Spice Islands" ....

     (1521) thwarted globe circumnavigator
  • Fernando Manuel de Bustamante
    Fernando Manuel de Bustillo Bustamente y Rueda
    Fernando Manuel de Bustillo Bustamante y Rueda served as Spanish Governor-General in the Philippines from 1717 to 1719. Usually called the "Mariscal" because he was the first field marshal to govern the islands, he was the former alcalde mayor of Trascala, in Nueva España...

     (1719), Spanish Governor-General of the Philippines
    Governor-General of the Philippines
    The Governor-General of the Philippines was the title of the government executive during the colonial period of the Philippines, governed mainly by Spain and the United States, and briefly by Great Britain, from 1565 to 1935....

  • Diego Silang
    Diego Silang
    Diego Silang y Andaya was a revolutionary leader who conspired with British forces to overthrow Spanish rule in the northern Philippines and establish an independent Ilocano nation...

     (1763), early rebel leader
  • Antonio Luna
    Antonio Luna
    Antonio Luna y Novicio was a Filipino pharmacist and general who fought in the Philippine-American War. He was also the founder of the Philippines's first military academy.- Family background :...

     (1899), a leader of the Filipino army during Philippine-American War
    Philippine-American War
    The Philippine–American War, also known as the Philippine War of Independence or the Philippine Insurrection , was an armed conflict between a group of Filipino revolutionaries and the United States which arose from the struggle of the First Philippine Republic to gain independence following...

  • Julio Nalundasan
    Julio Nalundasan
    Julio Nalundasan was a Filipino politician who was one of the political rivals of Ilocos Norte politician Mariano Marcos, father of Ferdinand Marcos ....

     (1935), Ilocos
    Ilocos Norte
    Ilocos Norte is a province of the Philippines located in the Ilocos Region in Luzon. Its capital is Laoag City and is located at the northwest corner of Luzon Island, bordering Cagayan and Apayao to the east, and Abra and Ilocos Sur to the south...

     Congressman, young Ferdinand Marcos
    Ferdinand Marcos
    Ferdinand Emmanuel Edralin Marcos, Sr. was a Filipino leader and an authoritarian President of the Philippines from 1965 to 1986. He was a lawyer, member of the Philippine House of Representatives and a member of the Philippine Senate...

     tried but acquitted for the slaying
  • Aurora Quezon
    Aurora Quezon
    Aurora Antonia Aragón de Molina Vd.ª De Quezón , usually known simply as Aurora Quezón, and sometimes as Aurora Aragón-Quezón, was the wife of Philippine President Manuel Luis Quezón and the First Lady of the Philippines from 1935 to 1944...

     (1949), former First Lady of the Philippines
    First Lady of the Philippines
    The First Lady/ Gentleman of the Philippines is the unofficial title of the hostess/host of the Malacañang Palace, the nation's residence of its head of state...

  • Ponciano Bernardo
    Ponciano Bernardo
    Ponciano A. Bernardo was a Filipino engineer and politician who served as mayor of Quezon City, holding the position from 1947 until his death in 1949. It was during his tenure that Quezon City was designated as the capital city of the Philippines - List of mayors of Quezon City.-Profile:Ponciano...

     (1949), mayor of then Philippine capital Quezon City
    Quezon City
    Quezon City is the former capital and the most populous city in the Philippines. Located on the island of Luzon, Quezon City is one of the cities and municipalities that make up Metro Manila, the National Capital Region. The city was named after Manuel L...

  • Joe Lingad
    Joe Lingad
    Jose B. "Joe" Lingad was a Filipino politician who was elected provincial governor and congressman from Pampanga...

     (1980), former Pampanga
    Pampanga
    Pampanga is a province of the Philippines located in the Central Luzon region. Its capital is the City of San Fernando, Pampanga. Pampanga is bordered by the provinces of Bataan and Zambales to the west, Tarlac and Nueva Ecija to the north, and Bulacan to the southeast...

     governor
  • Benigno Aquino, Jr.
    Benigno Aquino, Jr.
    Benigno Simeon "Ninoy" Aquino, Jr. was a Filipino Senator and a former Governor of Tarlac. Aquino, together with Gerry Roxas and Jovito Salonga, formed the leadership of the opposition to the Marcos regime in the years leading to the imposition of martial law in the Philippines...

     (1983 August 21), senator and politician, leader of the opposition against Ferdinand Marcos
    Ferdinand Marcos
    Ferdinand Emmanuel Edralin Marcos, Sr. was a Filipino leader and an authoritarian President of the Philippines from 1965 to 1986. He was a lawyer, member of the Philippine House of Representatives and a member of the Philippine Senate...

  • Cesar Climaco
    Cesar Climaco
    Cesar Cortez Climaco was a Filipino politician who served as mayor of Zamboanga City for 11 years. A prominent critic of the martial law regime of Ferdinand Marcos, he was famed for his toughness in governance and colorful personality. He is also famous for his refusal to cut his hair until...

     (1984), Mayor of Zamboanga City
    Zamboanga City
    The City of Zamboanga : is a highly urbanized, independent and a chartered city located in Mindanao, Philippines....

     and prominent opposition leader
  • Evelio Javier
    Evelio Javier
    Evelio Bellaflor Javier was a Filipino lawyer, civil servant, politician, and an oppositionist during the authoritarian regime of President Ferdinand Marcos. Due to these activities, he was assassinated by the regime on February 11, 1986...

     (1986), Antique governor and ally of then presidential candidate Corazon Aquino
    Corazon Aquino
    Maria Corazon Sumulong Cojuangco-Aquino was the 11th President of the Philippines and the first woman to hold that office in Philippine history. She is best remembered for leading the 1986 People Power Revolution, which toppled Ferdinand Marcos and restored democracy in the Philippines...

  • Emma Henry
    Emma Henry
    Emma Henry was a Filipino police officer whose exploits were the subject of two Filipino film biopics wherein she starred as herself.-Profile:...

     (1986), police officer
    Police officer
    A police officer is a warranted employee of a police force...

     and film actress
    Actor
    An actor is a person who acts in a dramatic production and who works in film, television, theatre, or radio in that capacity...

  • Lean Alejandro
    Leandro Alejandro
    Leandro Legara Alejandro , known among activists and street parliamentarians as Lean, was an activist, a student leader, and a Left-wing nationalist in the mold of Lorenzo Tañada, Jose Diokno, and Ninoy Aquino....

     (1987), prominent student activist leader
  • Roy Padilla, Sr.
    Roy Padilla, Sr.
    Roy Padilla, Sr. was a Governor of the Philippines province of Camarines Norte. A member of Corazon Aquino's People Power ticket. He was succeeded by his son, Roy Padilla, Jr.-Early Life:Born Casimiro Ruiz-Padilla, Sr. on March 4, 1926 in Camarines Norte...

     (1988), Camarines Norte
    Camarines Norte
    Camarines Norte is a province of the Philippines located in the Bicol Region in Luzon. Its capital is Daet and the province borders Quezon to the west and Camarines Sur to the south.-Demographics:...

     Governor, Father of Robin Padilla
    Robin Padilla
    Robinhood Ferdinand Cariño Padilla better known by his stage name Robin Padilla is a Filipino film and television action star. He is the younger brother of actors BB Gandanghari, Rommel Padilla and Royette Padilla...

  • James N. Rowe
    James N. Rowe
    James Nicholas "Nick" Rowe was a United States Army officer and one of only thirty-four American prisoners of war to escape captivity during the Vietnam War...

     (1989), US Military advisor
  • Filemon 'Ka Popoy' Lagman
    Filemón Lagman
    Filemon Lagman , popularly known as Ka Popoy was a revolutionary socialist and workers' leader in the Philippines. He shares the ideology of Marxism-Leninism...

     (2001), founder of the Bukluran ng Manggagawang Pilipino (BMP)
  • Alberto Ramento
    Alberto Ramento
    Alberto Ramento, Obispo Maximo IX is a former Supreme Bishop and Chairperson of the Supreme Council of Bishops of the Iglesia Filipina Independiente ....

     (2006), bishop
    Bishop
    A bishop is an ordained or consecrated member of the Christian clergy who is generally entrusted with a position of authority and oversight. Within the Catholic Church, Eastern Orthodox, Oriental Orthodox Churches, in the Assyrian Church of the East, in the Independent Catholic Churches, and in the...

     of the Philippine Independent Church
    Philippine Independent Church
    The Philippine Independent Church, The Philippine Independent Church, The Philippine Independent Church, (officially the or the IFI, also known as the Philippine Independent Catholic Church or in Ilocano: Siwawayawaya nga Simbaan ti Filipinas (in in Kinaray-a/Hiligaynon: Simbahan Hilway nga...

  • Wahab Akbar
    Wahab Akbar
    Ustadz Wahab M. Akbar was a Filipino politician who served three terms as governor of Basilan, during which time he was known for his "eye for an eye, tooth for a tooth" policy for dealing with kidnappers and terrorists in the province...

     (2007), Congress Representative of Basilan
    Basilan
    The Province of Basilan is an island province of the Philippines within the Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao . Basilan is the largest and northernmost of the major islands of the Sulu Archipelago and is located just off the southern coast of Zamboanga Peninsula...


Qatar

  • Zelimkhan Yandarbiyev
    Zelimkhan Yandarbiyev
    Zelimkhan Abdumuslimovich Yandarbiyev was a Chechen writer and a politician, who served as acting president of the breakaway Chechen Republic of Ichkeria between 1996 and 1997...

     (2004), former President of separatist Chechnya
    Chechen Republic of Ichkeria
    The Chechen Republic of Ichkeria is the unrecognized secessionist government of Chechnya. The republic was proclaimed in late 1991 by Dzokhar Dudayev, and fought two devastating wars between separatists and the Russian Federation which denounced secession...


Saudi Arabia

  • Umar ibn al-Khattab (644), second caliph
    Caliph
    The Caliph is the head of state in a Caliphate, and the title for the ruler of the Islamic Ummah, an Islamic community ruled by the Shari'ah. It is a transcribed version of the Arabic word   which means "successor" or "representative"...

  • Uthman Ibn Affan (665), third caliph
    Caliph
    The Caliph is the head of state in a Caliphate, and the title for the ruler of the Islamic Ummah, an Islamic community ruled by the Shari'ah. It is a transcribed version of the Arabic word   which means "successor" or "representative"...

  • Faisal of Saudi Arabia
    Faisal of Saudi Arabia
    Faisal bin Abdul-Aziz Al Saud was King of Saudi Arabia from 1964 to 1975. As king, he is credited with rescuing the country's finances and implementing a policy of modernization and reform, while his main foreign policy themes were pan-Islamic Nationalism, anti-Communism, and pro-Palestinian...

     (1975 March 25), King of Saudi Arabia, shot by nephew at palace

Sri Lanka

  • Solomon Bandaranaike
    Solomon Bandaranaike
    Solomon West Ridgeway Dias Bandaranaike Solomon West Ridgeway Dias Bandaranaike (Sinhala:සොලමන් වෙස්ට් රිජ්වේ ඩයස් බන්ඩාරනායක)(Tamil:சாலமன் வெஸ்ட் ரிச்சர்ட் டயஸ் பண்டாரநாயக்கா)Solomon West Ridgeway Dias Bandaranaike (Sinhala:සොලමන් වෙස්ට් රිජ්වේ ඩයස් බන්ඩාරනායක)(Tamil:சாலமன் வெஸ்ட் ரிச்சர்ட் டயஸ்...

     (1959 September 25), Sri Lankan prime minister, by Buddhist monk Talduwe Somarama, who later converts to Christianity
    Christianity
    Christianity is a monotheistic religion based on the life and teachings of Jesus as presented in canonical gospels and other New Testament writings...

  • Alfred Duraiyapah (1975), former Mayor, Jaffna
    Jaffna
    Jaffna is the capital city of the Northern Province, Sri Lanka. It is the administrative headquarters of the Jaffna district located on a peninsula of the same name. Jaffna is approximately six miles away from Kandarodai which served as a famous emporium in the Jaffna peninsula from classical...

    , by LTTE
  • Vijaya Kumaratunga
    Vijaya Kumaratunga
    Kovilage Anton Vijaya Kumaranatunga was a popular Sri Lankan film actor and politician, married to former Sri Lankan president Chandrika Kumaratunga from 1978 to his assassination in 1988.- Family life :In 1978, Kumaratunga married Chandrika Bandaranaike, daughter of the...

     (1989), movie actor turned SLFP-SLMP politician, by JVP.
  • Rohana Wijeweera
    Rohana Wijeweera
    Patabendi Don Nandasiri Wijeweera or Rohana Wijeweera was a Sri Lankan Marxist politician and the founding leader of the Janatha Vimukthi Peramuna...

     (1989), founder of JVP, by Sri Lankan Armed Forces
  • Appapillai Amrithalingam) (1989), founder of separatist party TULF, by LTTE
  • Ranjan Wijeratne
    Ranjan Wijeratne
    General Ranjan Wijeratne was the former Sri Lankan Cabinet Minister of foreign affairs, Minister of State for defense and Minister of plantation industries from 1989 to 1991 in President Ranasinghe Premadasa's cabinet.-Early life:Born to Walpola Mudalige George Hercules Wijeratne and Rosalind...

     (1991), Foreign minister & Minister of State
    Minister of State
    Minister of State is a title borne by politicians or officials in certain countries governed under a parliamentary system. In some countries a "minister of state" is a junior minister, who is assigned to assist a specific cabinet minister...

     for Defence
    Defence minister
    A defence minister is a person in a cabinet position in charge of a Ministry of Defence, which regulates the armed forces in some sovereign nations...

    , MP, by LTTE
  • Lalith Athulathmudali
    Lalith Athulathmudali
    Lalith William Samarasekera Athulathmudali , PC was a Sri Lankan politician of the United National Party and former Cabinet Minister of Trade, National Security, Agriculture, Education and deputy minister of defence.-Early life and teaching career:Born to a family of Lawyers, his...

     (1993), former cabinet minister, MP, purportedly by LTTE
  • Ranasinghe Premadasa
    Ranasinghe Premadasa
    Ranasinghe Premadasa was the 3rd President of Sri Lanka from January 2, 1989 to May 1, 1993. Before that, he served as the Prime Minister in the government headed by J. R. Jayewardene from February 6, 1978 to January 1, 1989...

     (1993), President of Sri Lanka
    President of Sri Lanka
    The President of Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka is the elected head of state and the head of government. The President is a dominant political figure in Sri Lanka. The office was created in 1978 but has grown so powerful there have been calls to restrict or even eliminate its power...

    , purportedly by LTTE (but possibly revenge for his own orchestrating murder of political rival Lalith Athulathmudali, to whom he feared losing election)
  • Gamini Dissanayake
    Gamini Dissanayake
    Lionel Gamini Dissanayake was a prominent Sri Lankan politician and a former presidential candidate and Leader of the Opposition.-Early life:...

     (1994), Presidential candidate, UNP
    United National Party
    The United National Party, often referred to as the UNP ), , is a political party in Sri Lanka. It currently is the main opposition party in Sri Lanka and is headed by Ranil Wickremesinghe...

    , member of Parliament
    Parliament
    A parliament is a legislature, especially in those countries whose system of government is based on the Westminster system modeled after that of the United Kingdom. The name is derived from the French , the action of parler : a parlement is a discussion. The term came to mean a meeting at which...

     Sri Lanka
    Sri Lanka
    Sri Lanka, officially the Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka is a country off the southern coast of the Indian subcontinent. Known until 1972 as Ceylon , Sri Lanka is an island surrounded by the Indian Ocean, the Gulf of Mannar and the Palk Strait, and lies in the vicinity of India and the...

    , by LTTE
  • Sarojini Yogeswaran
    Sarojini Yogeswaran
    Sarojini Yogeswaran was a Sri Lankan politician. Yogeswaran was a member of the Tamil United Liberation Front. In 1997, she was elected mayor of Jaffna, the first elected mayor in 14 years....

     (1998), Jaffna
    Jaffna
    Jaffna is the capital city of the Northern Province, Sri Lanka. It is the administrative headquarters of the Jaffna district located on a peninsula of the same name. Jaffna is approximately six miles away from Kandarodai which served as a famous emporium in the Jaffna peninsula from classical...

     Mayor, by LTTE
  • Ponnudurai Sivapalan
    Pon Sivapalan
    Pon Sivapalan was a Sri Lankan politician.Sivapalan succeeded Sarojini Yogeswaran as mayor of Jaffna after she was assassinated in 1998 by the LTTE. Like Yogeswaran, Sivapalan belonged to the Tamil United Liberation Front...

     (1998), Jaffna
    Jaffna
    Jaffna is the capital city of the Northern Province, Sri Lanka. It is the administrative headquarters of the Jaffna district located on a peninsula of the same name. Jaffna is approximately six miles away from Kandarodai which served as a famous emporium in the Jaffna peninsula from classical...

     Mayor, by LTTE
  • Neelan Thiruchelvam
    Neelan Thiruchelvam
    Neelan Tiruchelvam was a Sri Lankan Tamil politician and an internationally respected academic. He was assassinated by an LTTE suicide bomber in July 1999....

     (1999), Member of Parliament
    Member of Parliament
    A Member of Parliament is a representative of the voters to a :parliament. In many countries with bicameral parliaments, the term applies specifically to members of the lower house, as upper houses often have a different title, such as senate, and thus also have different titles for its members,...

     (MP) and TULF leader
  • Lakshman Algama
    Lakshman Algama
    Major-General Chulasoka Lakshman "Lucky" Algama VSV, USP, ndc, psc was a former Chief of Staff of the Sri Lanka Army and a United National Party activist after retirement. Lucky Algama was educated at Ananda College, Colombo...

     (1999), UNP
    United National Party
    The United National Party, often referred to as the UNP ), , is a political party in Sri Lanka. It currently is the main opposition party in Sri Lanka and is headed by Ranil Wickremesinghe...

     politician, by LTTE
  • C.V.Gunaratne (2000), cabinet minister, by LTTE
  • Joseph Pararajasingham
    Joseph Pararajasingham
    Joseph Pararajasingham was a Sri Lankan Member of Parliament and a poet who was known for his pro-Tamil Tiger views and advocacy of human rights...

     (2005), Tamil MP in Batticalo, by GoSL supported para-military Karuna Group
  • Lakshman Kadirgamar
    Lakshman Kadirgamar
    Sri Lankabhimanya Lakshman Kadirgamar PC was a Sri Lankan diplomat, politician and a lawyer. He served as Minister of Foreign Affairs of Sri Lanka from 1994 to 2001 and again from April 2004 until his assassination in August 2005...

     (2005), foreign minister, by LTTE
  • Parami Kulatunga
    Parami Kulatunga
    Lieutenant General Parami Sugandika Bandara Kulatunga RSP, VSV, USP, GW was Deputy Chief of Staff of the Sri Lanka Army, its third highest ranking officer....

     (2006), army general, by LTTE
  • Nadarajah Raviraj
    Nadarajah Raviraj
    Nadarajah Raviraj was a prominent Sri Lankan Tamil politician and human rights lawyer. Born in the Jaffna district in the North of Sri Lanka, he served as a Member of Parliament for the Tamil National Alliance, which is backed by the LTTE, until he was shot dead by gunmen in Colombo, Sri Lanka, on...

     (2006), MP and Tamil National Alliance
    Tamil National Alliance
    The Tamil National Alliance is a powerful minority Sri Lankan Tamil political alliance in Sri Lanka. It was formed as an amalgamation of moderate Tamil parties as well as number of former rebel groups...

     politician, by GoSL paramilitary Group
  • T. Maheswaran
    T. Maheswaran
    T. Maheswaran was an ethnic Tamil Sri Lankan Member of Parliament from Colombo. He belonged to the main opposition United National Party and was critic of Rajapakse government's war against Tamil rebels...

     (2008), UNP
    United National Party
    The United National Party, often referred to as the UNP ), , is a political party in Sri Lanka. It currently is the main opposition party in Sri Lanka and is headed by Ranil Wickremesinghe...

     Tamil MP for voicing human rights violations of GoSL, by Sri Lanka IB associate.
  • D. M. Dassanayake
    D. M. Dassanayake
    Dassanayake Mudiyanselage Dassanayake was a Sri Lankan politician from the Puttalam District. He was serving as a member of the Parliament of Sri Lanka and non-cabinet Minister of Nation Building when he was assassinated in a roadside bomb attack on January 8, 2008 in Ja-Ela, twelve miles north of...

     (2008), Nation Building Minister and SLFP MP, by LTTE
  • K. Sivanesan
    K. Sivanesan
    Kiddinan Sivanesan was a Sri Lankan Tamil politician and Member of Parliament. He was killed by a roadside bomb placed by the Sri Lanka Army's Long Range Reconnaissance Patrol .-Early life:...

     (2008), TNA
    TNA
    TNA may refer to:*Tamil National Alliance, a political coalition in Sri Lanka*The National Archives, in the United Kingdom*The New Amsterdams, a band*Threose nucleic acid, an analog of the nucleic acid DNA*Tonga Nurses' Association...

     Tamil MP, by Sri Lankan Army DPU.
  • Jeyaraj Fernandopulle
    Jeyaraj Fernandopulle
    Jeyaraj Fernandopulle was a Sri Lankan politician who served as a cabinet Minister and a Member of Parliament in Sri Lanka. He was a Roman Catholic and hailed from a minority ethnic group Colombo Chetties.-Early life:...

     (2008),Minister of Highways and Road Development and SLFP MP, LTTE
  • Lasantha Wickrematunge
    Lasantha Wickrematunge
    Lasantha Manilal Wickrematunge was a prominent Sri Lankan high-profile anti-government journalist, media personality, politician and human rights activist who was assassinated in January 2009...

     (2009), Journalist (The Sunday Leader), by unknown

Syria

  • Antiochus II Theos
    Antiochus II Theos
    Antiochus II Theos was a king of the Hellenistic Seleucid Kingdom who reigned 261 BC – 246 BC). He succeeded his father Antiochus I Soter in the winter of 262–61 BC...

     (246 BC), Seleucid
    Seleucid Empire
    The Seleucid Empire was a Greek-Macedonian state that was created out of the eastern conquests of Alexander the Great. At the height of its power, it included central Anatolia, the Levant, Mesopotamia, Persia, today's Turkmenistan, Pamir and parts of Pakistan.The Seleucid Empire was a major centre...

     king
  • Seleucus III Ceraunus
    Seleucus III Ceraunus
    Seleucus III Soter, called Seleucus Ceraunus , was a ruler of the Hellenistic Seleucid Kingdom, the eldest son of Seleucus II Callinicus and Laodice II. His birth name was Alexander and was named after his great uncle the Seleucid official Alexander...

     (223 BC), Seleucid king
  • Seleucus IV Philopator
    Seleucus IV Philopator
    Seleucus IV Philopator , ruler of the Hellenistic Seleucid Empire, reigned from 187 BC to 175 BC over a realm consisting of Syria , Mesopotamia, Babylonia and Nearer Iran . He was the second son and successor of Antiochus III the Great and Laodice III...

     (176 BC), Seleucid king
  • Alexander Balas
    Alexander Balas
    Alexander Balas , ruler of the Greek Seleucid kingdom 150-146 BC, was a native of Smyrna of humble origin, but gave himself out to be the son of Antiochus IV Epiphanes and Laodice IV and heir to the Seleucid throne...

     (146 BC), Seleucid king
  • Antiochus VI Dionysus
    Antiochus VI Dionysus
    Antiochus VI Dionysus , king of the Hellenistic Seleucid kingdom, was the son of Alexander Balas and Cleopatra Thea, daughter of Ptolemy VI of Egypt....

     (138 BC), Seleucid heir to the throne
  • Numerian
    Numerian
    Numerian , was a Roman Emperor from 282 to 284 with his older brother Carinus. They were sons of Carus, a general raised to the office of praetorian prefect under Emperor Probus in 282.-Reign:...

     (285), Roman emperor, by his father-in-law, Arrius Aper, in Emesa (modern-day Homs
    Homs
    Homs , previously known as Emesa , is a city in western Syria and the capital of the Homs Governorate. It is above sea level and is located north of Damascus...

    )
  • Zengi
    Zengi
    Imad ad-Din Zengi was the atabeg of Mosul, Aleppo, Hama and Edessa and founder of the Zengid dynasty, to which he gave his name.-Early life:...

     (1146), ruler of Aleppo
    Aleppo
    Aleppo is the largest city in Syria and the capital of Aleppo Governorate, the most populous Syrian governorate. With an official population of 2,301,570 , expanding to over 2.5 million in the metropolitan area, it is also one of the largest cities in the Levant...

     and Mosul
    Mosul
    Mosul , is a city in northern Iraq and the capital of the Ninawa Governorate, some northwest of Baghdad. The original city stands on the west bank of the Tigris River, opposite the ancient Assyrian city of Nineveh on the east bank, but the metropolitan area has now grown to encompass substantial...

     and founder of the Zengid Dynasty
    Zengid dynasty
    The Zengid dynasty was a Muslim dynasty of Turkic origin, which ruled parts of Syria and northern Iraq on behalf of the Seljuk Empire.-History:...

  • Abd al-Rahman Shahbandar
    Abd al-Rahman Shahbandar
    Abd al-Rahman Shahbandar was a prominent Syrian nationalist during the French Mandate of Syria and a leading opponent of compromise with French authority. His devotion to Arab nationalism dated to the days of the Committee of Union and Progress and its "Turkification" policies...

     (1940), Syrian nationalist
  • Muhammad Suleiman
    Muhammad Suleiman
    Muhammad Suleiman was a general and Special Presidential Advisor for Arms Procurement and Strategic Weapons to Syrian president Bashar Al-Assad...

     (2008), Syrian general and security adviser to president Bashar al-Assad
    Bashar al-Assad
    Bashar al-Assad is the President of Syria and Regional Secretary of the Ba'ath Party. His father Hafez al-Assad ruled Syria for 29 years until his death in 2000. Al-Assad was elected in 2000, re-elected in 2007, unopposed each time.- Early Life :...

  • Imad Mughniyah (2008), senior member of Hezbollah

Turkey

  • Mahmud Şevket Pasha
    Mahmud Sevket Pasha
    Mahmud Shevket Pasha was an Ottoman general and statesman of Arab and Georgian descent. Some sources also note Chechen or Circassian ancestry. He was born in Baghdad where he finished his primary education before going on to the Military Academy in Constantinople. He joined the army in 1882 as...

     (1913), prime minister
  • Mustafa Suphi
    Mustafa Suphi
    Mustafa Suphi was a Turkish communist leader .- Early Years :Suphi was educated in Jerusalem, Damascus and Erzurum before attending Galatasaray High School. He studied political science in Paris, where he was also a correspondent of the Turkish newspaper Tanin...

     (1921), communist leader
  • Abdi İpekçi
    Abdi Ipekçi
    Abdi İpekçi was a Turkish journalist, intellectual and an activist for human rights. He was murdered while editor-in-chief of the Turkish daily newspaper Milliyet.-Biography:...

     (1979), liberal journalist
  • Metin Yüksel
    Metin Yüksel
    Metin Yüksel , was a Kurdish Islamic political and social activist from Turkey. One of the main leaders of Turkey's Islamist movement during the 1970s, he also led the Akıncılar Organization, a Islamist political organization.-Early life:Yüksel was born on July 17, 1958 in the eastern Anatolian...

     (1979), Islamic political activist
  • Cavit Orhan Tütengil
    Cavit Orhan Tütengil
    Cavit Orhan Tütengil was a Turkish sociologist, writer and columnist, who was murdered.-Biography:He was born in Sebil, a village of Tarsus, in Mersin province of Turkey. Following his primary education in his hometown, he attended Haydarpaşa High school in Istanbul finishing in 1940...

     (1979), Kemalist academician and writer
  • Kemal Türkler
    Kemal Türkler
    Kemal Türkler Turkish socialist trade union leader. He was founder and first president of Confederation of Revolutionary Trade Unions of Turkey , and also one of the founders of the Workers Party of Turkey in 1963.He worked as a metal worker for a long time...

     (1980), Labor union leader, by Grey Wolves
    Grey Wolves
    The Idealist Youth , commonly known as Grey Wolves , is an ultra-nationalist neo-fascist youth organization. It is accused of terrorism. According to Turkish authorities, the organization carried out 694 murders between 1974–1980.-Name:...

     in Istanbul
  • Ümit Kaftancıoğlu
    Ümit Kaftancioglu
    Ümit Kaftancıoğlu was a Turkish TV producer, writer and columnist of the newspaper Cumhuriyet.-Biography:...

     (1980), Kemalist writer and TV producer
  • Nihat Erim
    Nihat Erim
    Ismail Nihat Erim was a Turkish politician and jurist. Nihat Erim was born in Kandıra to Raif Erim and Macide Erim. He served as the prime minister of Turkey from 1971 until 1972, for almost 14 months...

     (1980), former prime minister
  • Muammer Aksoy
    Muammer Aksoy
    Muammer Aksoy was a Turkish academic of law, politician, columnist and intellectual, who was assassinated by Islamic militants for being a Kemalist.-Biography:...

     (1990), Kemalist professor of law and columnist
  • Turan Dursun
    Turan Dursun
    Turan Dursun was a Turkish Islamic scholar and a writer. His work heavily criticizes Islam and its founders.He first worked as a religious officer before becoming an atheist during his study of the history of monotheistic religions. Dursun wrote a number of books about religion, which included...

     (1990), Atheist writer
  • Bahriye Üçok
    Bahriye Üçok
    Bahriye Üçok was a female Turkish academic of theology, left-wing politician, writer, columnist and women's rights activist, whose assassination in 1990, remains unresolved.-Biography:...

     (1990), Kemalist theology academician and women's rights activist
  • Musa Anter
    Musa Anter
    Musa Anter, also known by nickname "Ape Musa" , , was a dissident Kurdish-Turkish writer and activist. He was a nationalist intellectual and murdered in September 1992....

     (1992), Kurdish
    Kurds in Turkey
    Ethnic Kurds compose a significant portion of the population in Turkey . Unlike the Turks, the Kurds speak an Indo-European language...

     activist
  • Uğur Mumcu
    Ugur Mumcu
    Uğur Mumcu was an intrepid Turkish investigative journalist for the leading Kemalist broadsheet, Cumhuriyet. He was assassinated with a bomb placed in his car, outside his home.- Biography :...

     (1993), Kemalist left wing journalist
  • Onat Kutlar (1995), writer, poet, columnist and art critic
  • Özdemir Sabancı
    Özdemir Sabanci
    Özdemir Sabancı was a Turkish businessman and a second generation member of the Sabancı family.-Biography:He was born in Adana, Turkey. After finishing the high school at the Tarsus American College in Tarsus, province Mersin, he received his B.A...

     (1996), prominent industrialist and member of Sabancı
    Sabanci Holding
    Hacı Ömer Sabancı Holding A.Ş., abbreviated as Sabancı Holding, is the largest industrial and financial conglomerate in Turkey by profit. The holding is owned at about 75% by the Sabancı family, one of Turkey's wealthiest. 3% is owned by the Sabancı University and the Sabancı Foundation. The...

     family
  • Konca Kuriş
    Konca Kuris
    Konca Kuris was a 38 year old Turkish feminist who was murdered in Konya, Turkey on the 20 July 1999 after having disappeared in 1998. She was a former member of the Turkish Hizbollah, but later denounced it and criticised dogmatic interpretations of the Qur'an...

     (1998), Islamic feminist author, kidnapped and tortured to death in Mersin
    Mersin
    -Mersin today:Today, Mersin is a large city spreading out along the coast, with Turkey's second tallest skyscraper , huge hotels, an opera house, expensive real estate near the sea or up in the hills, and many other modern urban...

  • Ahmet Taner Kışlalı
    Ahmet Taner Kislali
    Ahmet Taner Kışlalı was a Turkish intellectual, political scientist, lawyer, journalist/author, academics and politician.-Biography:...

     (1999), Kemalist politician, former Minister of Culture, academician and columnist
  • Üzeyir Garih
    Üzeyir Garih
    Üzeyir Garih was a prominent Turkish Jewish businessman and a cofounder of Alarko Holding.-Biography:...

     (2001), Turkish Jewish businessman and industrialist
  • Necip Hablemitoğlu
    Necip Hablemitoglu
    Dr Necip Hablemitoğlu was a Turkish historian and intellectual. He died as a result of assassination in front of his house in 2002. The perpetrators of this assassination still not found...

     (2002), Kemalist historian at Ankara University
    Ankara University
    Ankara University is a public university in Ankara, the capital city of Turkey. It was the first higher education institution founded in the Turkish Republic....

  • Mustafa Yücel Özbilgin
    Mustafa Yücel Özbilgin
    Mustafa Yücel Özbilgin was a Turkish supreme court magistrate, who was shot dead in the nation's supreme courtroom in Ankara, Turkey on May 17, 2006 by Alparslan Arslan....

     (2006), Judge at Council of State
    Turkish Council of State
    The Turkish Council of State is the highest administrative court in the Republic of Turkey and is based in Ankara. Its role and tasks are prescribed by the Constitution of Turkey within the articles on the supreme courts....

     (see Ergenekon network
    Ergenekon network
    Ergenekon is the name given to an alleged clandestine, Kemalist ultra-nationalist organization in Turkey with possible ties to members of the country's military and security forces...

    )
  • Andrea Santoro
    Andrea Santoro
    Father Andrea Santoro was a Roman Catholic priest in Turkey, murdered in the Santa Maria Church in Trabzon where he served as a member of the Catholic Church's Fidei donum missionary program.On 5 September 2006 he was shot dead from behind while kneeling in prayer in the church...

     (2006)
  • Hrant Dink
    Hrant Dink
    Hrant Dink or Հրանտ Դինք ) was a Turkish citizen of Armenian descent editor, journalist and columnist....

     (2007), Armenian
    Armenians
    Armenian people or Armenians are a nation and ethnic group native to the Armenian Highland.The largest concentration is in Armenia having a nearly-homogeneous population with 97.9% or 3,145,354 being ethnic Armenian....

     journalist

United Arab Emirates

  • Mahmoud al-Mabhouh
    Assassination of Mahmoud al-Mabhouh
    The assassination of Mahmoud al-Mabhouh, took place on January 19, 2010, in a Dubai hotel room. Al-Mabhouh—a co-founder of the Izz ad-Din al-Qassam Brigades, the military wing of the Islamist Palestinian militant group Hamas—was wanted by the Israeli government for the kidnapping and murder of two...

     (2010), a member of Hamas
    Hamas
    Hamas is the Palestinian Sunni Islamic or Islamist political party that governs the Gaza Strip. Hamas also has a military wing, the Izz ad-Din al-Qassam Brigades...


Vietnam

  • Ngo Dinh Nhu
    Ngo Dinh Nhu
    Ngô Ðình Nhu was the younger brother and chief political advisor of South Vietnam's first president, Ngô Ðình Diệm. Nhu was widely regarded as the architect of the Ngô family's nepotistic and autocratic rule over South Vietnam from 1955 to 1963...

     (1963 November 2), politician
  • Ngo Dinh Diem
    Ngo Dinh Diem
    Ngô Đình Diệm was the first president of South Vietnam . In the wake of the French withdrawal from Indochina as a result of the 1954 Geneva Accords, Diệm led the effort to create the Republic of Vietnam. Accruing considerable U.S. support due to his staunch anti-Communism, he achieved victory in a...

     (1963 November 2), first president of South Vietnam
    South Vietnam
    South Vietnam was a state which governed southern Vietnam until 1975. It received international recognition in 1950 as the "State of Vietnam" and later as the "Republic of Vietnam" . Its capital was Saigon...


Yemen

  • Imam Yahya (1948), King of Yemen
    Yemen
    The Republic of Yemen , commonly known as Yemen , is a country located in the Middle East, occupying the southwestern to southern end of the Arabian Peninsula. It is bordered by Saudi Arabia to the north, the Red Sea to the west, and Oman to the east....

  • Ibrahim al-Hamadi
    Ibrahim al-Hamadi
    Lieutenant-Colonel Ibrahim al-Hamdi was the leader of a military coup d'etat in Yemen Arab Republic that overthrew the regime of President Abdul Rahman al-Iryani on June 13, 1974. After the revolt, he was President of the Military Command Council that governed the country...

     (1977), president of North Yemen
    North Yemen
    North Yemen is a term currently used to designate the Yemen Arab Republic , its predecessor, the Mutawakkilite Kingdom of Yemen , and their predecessors that exercised sovereignty over the territory that is now the north-western part of the state of Yemen in southern Arabia.Neither state ever...

  • Ahmad al-Ghashmi
    Ahmad al-Ghashmi
    Ahmed bin Hussein al-Ghashmi was the President of the Yemen Arab Republic from 11 October 1977 until his death eight months later. Al-Ghashmi assumed power when his predecessor, Ibrahim al-Hamdi, was assassinated. Ghashmi himself was assassinated later...

     (1978), president of North Yemen killed by bomb along with envoy from South Yemen
  • Jarallah Omar
    Jarallah Omar
    Jarallah Omar al-Kuhali was a Yemeni politician, intellectual, and guerrilla fighter. He was trained in Islamic law, but in the 1960s he turned towards Marxism...

     (2002), deputy secretary-general of Yemeni Socialist Party
    Yemeni Socialist Party
    The Yemeni Socialist Party is a political party in Yemen.It was the ruling party in South Yemen, the only Marxist Arab state, before unification in 1990...


Australia

  • William Paisley February 12 1894, Mayor of Burwood, NSW, Australia
  • Sarik Ariyak December 17, 1980 Turkish Consul General,
  • Colin Winchester
    Colin Winchester
    Colin Stanley Winchester APM, was an Assistant Commissioner in the Australian Federal Police . Winchester commanded ACT Police, the community policing component of the AFP Australian Federal Police responsible for the Australian Capital Territory.On 10 January 1989, at about 9:15 pm, he was...

     (1989), Assistant Commissioner of the Australian Federal Police
    Australian Federal Police
    The Australian Federal Police is the federal police agency of the Commonwealth of Australia. Although the AFP was created by the amalgamation in 1979 of three Commonwealth law enforcement agencies, it traces its history from Commonwealth law enforcement agencies dating back to the federation of...

  • John Newman
    John Newman (Australian politician)
    John Paul Newman was a member of the New South Wales state parliament and Member for the seat of Cabramatta. He was the first elected politician to be assassinated in Australia.-Early life:...

     (1994), New South Wales
    New South Wales
    New South Wales is a state of :Australia, located in the east of the country. It is bordered by Queensland, Victoria and South Australia to the north, south and west respectively. To the east, the state is bordered by the Tasman Sea, which forms part of the Pacific Ocean. New South Wales...

     state Member for Cabramatta
    Cabramatta, New South Wales
    Cabramatta is a suburb in south-western Sydney, in the state of New South Wales, Australia. Cabramatta is located 30 kilometres south-west of the Sydney central business district, in the local government area of the City of Fairfield...


Austria

  • Count Karl von Stürgkh (1916), Minister-President of Austria
  • Engelbert Dollfuss
    Engelbert Dollfuss
    Engelbert Dollfuss was an Austrian Christian Social and Patriotic Front statesman. Serving previously as Minister for Forest and Agriculture, he ascended to Federal Chancellor in 1932 in the midst of a crisis for the conservative government...

     (1934), Chancellor of Austria
    Chancellor of Austria
    The Federal Chancellor is the head of government in Austria. Its deputy is the Vice-Chancellor. Before 1918, the equivalent office was the Minister-President of Austria. The Federal Chancellor is considered to be the most powerful political position in Austrian politics.-Appointment:The...

  • Abdul Rahman Ghassemlou
    Abdul Rahman Ghassemlou
    Abdul Rahman Ghassemlou was a Kurdish political leader.Ghassemlou was the leader of the Kurdistan Democratic Party of Iran from 1973 to 1989, when he was assassinated by perpetrators thought to be agents of the Islamic...

     (1989), dissident Kurdish
    Kurdish people
    The Kurdish people, or Kurds , are an Iranian people native to the Middle East, mostly inhabiting a region known as Kurdistan, which includes adjacent parts of Iran, Iraq, Syria, and Turkey...

     Iranian political leader, in Vienna
    Vienna
    Vienna is the capital and largest city of the Republic of Austria and one of the nine states of Austria. Vienna is Austria's primary city, with a population of about 1.723 million , and is by far the largest city in Austria, as well as its cultural, economic, and political centre...


Belgium

  • Julien Lahaut
    Julien Lahaut
    Julien Lahaut Julien Lahaut Julien Lahaut (6 September 1884, Seraing, near Liège, Belgium - 18 August 1950, (Seraing) was a Belgian politician, who died by assassination.-Political background:...

     (1950), chairman of the Communist Party of Belgium
    Communist Party of Belgium
    Communist Party of Belgium was a political party in Belgium. The youth wing of KPB/PCB was known as the Communist Youth of Belgium. The party published Le Drapeau Rouge in French and De Roode Vaan in Dutch.- History :It was formed at a congress in Anderlecht on September 3-4 1921...

  • Maximiliano Gómez
    Maximiliano Gómez
    Maximiliano Gómez Horacio "El Moreno" was the leader of the Maoist Movimiento Popular Dominicano , a militant organization opposed to the Joaquín Balaguer government and to U.S. presence in the Dominican Republic...

     (1971), Dominican
    Dominican Republic
    The Dominican Republic is a nation on the island of La Hispaniola, part of the Greater Antilles archipelago in the Caribbean region. The western third of the island is occupied by the nation of Haiti, making Hispaniola one of two Caribbean islands that are shared by two countries...

     communist leader
  • Gerald Bull
    Gerald Bull
    Gerald Vincent Bull was a Canadian engineer who developed long-range artillery. He moved from project to project in his quest to launch economically a satellite using a huge artillery piece, to which end he designed the Project Babylon "supergun" for the Iraqi government...

     (1990), Canadian
    Canada
    Canada is a North American country consisting of ten provinces and three territories. Located in the northern part of the continent, it extends from the Atlantic Ocean in the east to the Pacific Ocean in the west, and northward into the Arctic Ocean...

     developer of the Martlet cannon
    Cannon
    A cannon is any piece of artillery that uses gunpowder or other usually explosive-based propellents to launch a projectile. Cannon vary in caliber, range, mobility, rate of fire, angle of fire, and firepower; different forms of cannon combine and balance these attributes in varying degrees,...

    , in Brussels
    Brussels
    Brussels , officially the Brussels Region or Brussels-Capital Region , is the capital of Belgium and the de facto capital of the European Union...

    , Belgium
    Belgium
    Belgium , officially the Kingdom of Belgium, is a federal state in Western Europe. It is a founding member of the European Union and hosts the EU's headquarters, and those of several other major international organisations such as NATO.Belgium is also a member of, or affiliated to, many...

  • André Cools
    André Cools
    André H.P. Cools was a Belgian socialist politician who died by assassination.-Political career:Cools had a long and distinguished political career...

     (1991), Belgian politician

Bosnia and Hercegovina

  • Archduke Franz Ferdinand
    Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria
    Franz Ferdinand was an Archduke of Austria-Este, Austro-Hungarian and Royal Prince of Hungary and of Bohemia, and from 1889 until his death, heir presumptive to the Austro-Hungarian throne. His assassination in Sarajevo precipitated Austria-Hungary's declaration of war against Serbia...

     (1914 June 28), assassinated by Gavrilo Princip
    Gavrilo Princip
    Gavrilo Princip was the Bosnian Serb who assassinated Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria and his wife, Sophie, Duchess of Hohenberg, in Sarajevo on 28 June 1914...

    , who also killed the Archduchess Sophie; this assassination played a role in starting World War I
    World War I
    World War I , which was predominantly called the World War or the Great War from its occurrence until 1939, and the First World War or World War I thereafter, was a major war centred in Europe that began on 28 July 1914 and lasted until 11 November 1918...

  • Irfan Ljubijankić
    Irfan Ljubijankic
    Dr. Irfan Ljubijankić was a Bosnian facial surgeon, classical music composer, politician and diplomat. He was a good friend of Yusef Islam ....

     (1995), foreign minister of Bosnia and Herzegovina
    Bosnia and Herzegovina
    Bosnia and Herzegovina , sometimes called Bosnia-Herzegovina or simply Bosnia, is a country in Southern Europe, on the Balkan Peninsula. Bordered by Croatia to the north, west and south, Serbia to the east, and Montenegro to the southeast, Bosnia and Herzegovina is almost landlocked, except for the...

  • Jozo Leutar (1997), minister of Internal Affair of Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina
    Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina
    The Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina is one of the two political entities that compose the sovereign country of Bosnia and Herzegovina . The two entities are delineated by the Inter-Entity Boundary Line...


Bulgaria

  • Stefan Stambolov
    Stefan Stambolov
    Stefan Nikolov Stambolov was a Bulgarian politician, who served as Prime Minister and regent. He is considered one of the most important and popular "Founders of Modern Bulgaria", and is sometimes referred to as "the Bulgarian Bismarck".- Early years :Stambolov was born in Veliko Tarnovo...

     (1895), Prime Minister of Bulgaria
    Bulgaria
    Bulgaria , officially the Republic of Bulgaria , is a parliamentary democracy within a unitary constitutional republic in Southeast Europe. The country borders Romania to the north, Serbia and Macedonia to the west, Greece and Turkey to the south, as well as the Black Sea to the east...

  • Aleksandar Stamboliyski
    Aleksandar Stamboliyski
    Aleksandar Stamboliyski was the prime minister of Bulgaria from 1919 until 1923. Stamboliyski was a member of the Agrarian Union, an agrarian peasant movement which was not allied to the monarchy, and edited their newspaper...

     (1923), Prime Minister of Bulgaria
  • Vasil Iliev
    Vasil Iliev
    Vasil Iliev was a Bulgarian mobster, businessman and wrestler.-Background:Vasil Iliev was born in 1965 in Kyustendil, Bulgaria...

     (1995), insurance boss, owner of "VIS-2", former wrestler
  • Andrey Lukanov
    Andrey Lukanov
    Andrey Karlov Lukanov was a Bulgarian political figure.-Biography:Lukanov was born in Moscow, USSR, in the family of Karlo Lukanov, , a Bulgarian communist emigre....

     (1996 October 2), former Prime Minister of Bulgaria
  • Ivo Karamanski
    Ivo Karamanski
    Ivo Karamanski was a reputed Bulgarian mobster. His life started very difficultly with his mother dying when he was only four years old. In 1981 he became National and Balkan rowing champion. A colorful underworld character in the Bulgarian Mafia, he was reputed to be a killer "who never even shot...

     (1998), insurance tycoon, former rowing champion
  • Iliya Pavlov
    Iliya Pavlov
    Iliya Pavlov Naydenov was a Bulgarian businessman. He was the leader and founder of the Multigroup organization, as well as of G-13....

     (2003), president of Multigroup corporation, former wrestler, the wealthiest man in Bulgaria
  • Georgi Iliev
    Georgi Iliev
    Georgi Andreev Iliev was a Bulgarian businessman, best known for his ownership of a top Bulgarian football team, Lokomotiv Plovdiv....

     (2005), football club owner, brother of the assassinated Vasil Iliev
  • Emil Kyulev
    Emil Kyulev
    Emil Kyulev was a Bulgarian banker, owner of DZI bank.Kyulev was the President of the Board of Directors of the Bulgarian Swimming Federation. Kyulev was a former elite swimmer and also a member of the BUL Junior’s National team excelling in breaststroke.As a banker, he was one of the richest men...

     (2005), banker, ex-professional swimmer, voted Mr. Economics in Bulgaria for 2002
  • Ivan "Doktora" Todorov
    Ivan Todorov
    Ivan Todorov is a Bulgarian football defender, who currently plays for Vidima-Rakovski on loan from Slavia Sofia.-References:...

     (2006), businessman alleged of smuggling
  • Borislav Georgiev
    Borislav Georgiev
    Borislav Georgiev is a Bulgarian football player who currently plays for Etar 1924. He plays as a defender and defensive midfielder.Georgiev previously played for Kallithea F.C. and Levadiakos F.C. in the Greek Super League.-External links:...

     (2008), CEO of "Atomenergoremont" Nucler plant repair company

Croatia

  • Julius Nepos
    Julius Nepos
    Julius Nepos was Western Roman Emperor de facto from 474 to 475 and de jure until 480. Some historians consider him to be the last Western Roman Emperor, while others consider the western line to have ended with Romulus Augustulus in 476...

     (480), Roman emperor. Assassinated near Salona (modern Solin).

Czech Republic

  • Saint Ludmila
    Saint Ludmila
    Saint Ludmila is a Czech saint and martyr venerated by the Orthodox and the Roman Catholics. She was born in Mělník as daughter of a Slavic prince Slavibor...

     (921), Wife of Duke Bořivoj, Grandmother of Duke Václav I
    Wenceslaus I, Duke of Bohemia
    Wenceslaus I , or Wenceslas I, was the duke of Bohemia from 921 until his assassination in 935, purportedly in a plot by his own brother, Boleslav the Cruel....

  • Václav I (Saint Wenceslas) (935 or 929), Duke of Bohemia
    Bohemia
    Bohemia is a historical region in central Europe, occupying the western two-thirds of the traditional Czech Lands. It is located in the contemporary Czech Republic with its capital in Prague...

  • Václav III (1306), King of Bohemia
    Bohemia
    Bohemia is a historical region in central Europe, occupying the western two-thirds of the traditional Czech Lands. It is located in the contemporary Czech Republic with its capital in Prague...

  • Albrecht von Wallenstein
    Albrecht von Wallenstein
    Albrecht Wenzel Eusebius von Wallenstein , actually von Waldstein, was a Bohemian soldier and politician, who offered his services, and an army of 30,000 to 100,000 men during the Danish period of the Thirty Years' War , to the Holy Roman Emperor Ferdinand II...

     (1634), Czech
    Bohemia
    Bohemia is a historical region in central Europe, occupying the western two-thirds of the traditional Czech Lands. It is located in the contemporary Czech Republic with its capital in Prague...

     general during the Thirty Years' War
    Thirty Years' War
    The Thirty Years' War was fought primarily in what is now Germany, and at various points involved most countries in Europe. It was one of the most destructive conflicts in European history....

  • Alois Rašín
    Alois Rašín
    Alois Rašín was a Czech economist and politician.Rašín was born into a family of farmers. After gymnasium he continued his schooling with the study of law at the Charles University in Prague. Here he became active in politics, and a leader in the radical students movement...

     (1923), Minister of Finances of Czechoslovakia
    Czechoslovakia
    Czechoslovakia or Czecho-Slovakia was a sovereign state in Central Europe which existed from October 1918, when it declared its independence from the Austro-Hungarian Empire, until 1992...

  • Reinhard Heydrich
    Reinhard Heydrich
    Reinhard Tristan Eugen Heydrich , also known as The Hangman, was a high-ranking German Nazi official.He was SS-Obergruppenführer and General der Polizei, chief of the Reich Main Security Office and Stellvertretender Reichsprotektor of Bohemia and Moravia...

     (1942), a General in the Nazi
    Nazism
    Nazism, the common short form name of National Socialism was the ideology and practice of the Nazi Party and of Nazi Germany...

     German paramilitary corps and governor of occupied Czech lands

Finland

  • Bishop Henry
    Bishop Henry
    Saint Henry was a medieval English clergyman...

     (1156), English
    England
    England is a country that is part of the United Kingdom. It shares land borders with Scotland to the north and Wales to the west; the Irish Sea is to the north west, the Celtic Sea to the south west, with the North Sea to the east and the English Channel to the south separating it from continental...

     bishop in Finland
    Finland
    Finland , officially the Republic of Finland, is a Nordic country situated in the Fennoscandian region of Northern Europe. It is bordered by Sweden in the west, Norway in the north and Russia in the east, while Estonia lies to its south across the Gulf of Finland.Around 5.4 million people reside...

     (according to a legend)
  • Eliel Soisalon-Soininen
    Eliel Soisalon-Soininen
    Eliel Soisalon-Soininen , was a Finnish Chancellor of Justice....

     (1904), attorney General
  • Nikolai Ivanovich Bobrikov
    Nikolai Ivanovich Bobrikov
    Nikolay Ivanovich Bobrikov ; born on in St. Petersburg – June 16, 1904 in Helsingfors, Grand Duchy of Finland) was a Russian soldier and politician....

     (1904), Governor-General of Finland
    Governor-General of Finland
    Governor-General of Finland ; was the military commander and the highest administrator of Finland sporadically under Swedish rule in the 17th and 18th centuries and continuously in the autonomous Grand Duchy of Finland between 1808 and 1917.-Swedish rule:...

  • Alfred Kordelin
    Alfred Kordelin
    Alfred Kordelin was a Finnish industrialist, businessman, entrepreneur, and a major philanthropist. Kordelin was one of the richest Finnish entrepreneurs of his time....

     (1917),entrepreneur
  • Toivo Kuula
    Toivo Kuula
    Toivo Timoteus Kuula was a Finnish conductor and composer. He was born in the city of Vaasa , when Finland still was a Grand Duchy under Russian rule. He is known as a colorful and passionate portrayer of Finnish nature and people...

     (1918), composer
  • Heikki Ritavuori
    Heikki Ritavuori
    Heikki Ritavuori, originally Rydman , was a Finnish Bachelor of Law, a politician from the National Progressive Party, a member of the Parliament of Finland, Minister of Internal Affairs, and for a short time also Deputy Minister of Justice...

     (1922), Minister of the Interior of Finland

France

  • Charles d'Espagne (1354), constable of France
  • Louis of Valois, Duke of Orléans
    Louis of Valois, Duke of Orléans
    Louis I was Duke of Orléans from 1392 to his death. He was also Count of Valois, Duke of Touraine , Count of Blois , Angoulême , Périgord, Dreux, and Soissons....

     (1407)
  • John the Fearless (1419)
  • Gaspard de Coligny
    Gaspard de Coligny
    Gaspard de Coligny , Seigneur de Châtillon, was a French nobleman and admiral, best remembered as a disciplined Huguenot leader in the French Wars of Religion.-Ancestry:...

     (1572)
  • Henri III
    Henry III of France
    Henry III was King of France from 1574 to 1589. As Henry of Valois, he was the first elected monarch of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth with the dual titles of King of Poland and Grand Duke of Lithuania from 1573 to 1575.-Childhood:Henry was born at the Royal Château de Fontainebleau,...

     (1589), King of France
    France
    The French Republic , The French Republic , The French Republic , (commonly known as France , is a unitary semi-presidential republic in Western Europe with several overseas territories and islands located on other continents and in the Indian, Pacific, and Atlantic oceans. Metropolitan France...

  • Henri IV
    Henry IV of France
    Henry IV , Henri-Quatre, was King of France from 1589 to 1610 and King of Navarre from 1572 to 1610. He was the first monarch of the Bourbon branch of the Capetian dynasty in France....

     (1610), King of France, stabbed by François Ravaillac
    François Ravaillac
    François Ravaillac was a French factotum in the courts of Angoulême and a regicide. A sometime tutor and Catholic zealot, he murdered King Henry IV of France in 1610.-Early life and education:...

  • Jacques de Flesselles
    Jacques de Flesselles
    Jacques de Flesselles was a French public servant and one of the first victims of the French Revolution.On 21 April 1789, after serving as Intendant of Lyon , he became the last provost of the merchants of Paris, a post roughly equivalent to mayor...

     (1789), Provost
    Provost (civil)
    A provost is the ceremonial head of many Scottish local authorities, and under the name prévôt was a governmental position of varying importance in Ancien Regime France.-History:...

     of Paris
  • Jean-Paul Marat
    Jean-Paul Marat
    Jean-Paul Marat , born in the Principality of Neuchâtel, was a physician, political theorist, and scientist best known for his career in France as a radical journalist and politician during the French Revolution...

     (1793), revolutionary, stabbed in his bathtub by Charlotte Corday
    Charlotte Corday
    Marie-Anne Charlotte de Corday d'Armont , known to history as Charlotte Corday, was a figure of the French Revolution. In 1793, she was executed under the guillotine for the assassination of Jacobin leader Jean-Paul Marat, who was in part responsible, through his role as a politician and...

  • Charles Ferdinand, Duke of Berry (1820, February 13), younger son of the future King Charles X, stabbed by Louis Pierre Louvel
  • Marie François Sadi Carnot
    Marie François Sadi Carnot
    Marie François Sadi Carnot was a French statesman and the fourth president of the Third French Republic. He served as the President of France from 1887 until his assassination in 1894.-Early life:...

     (1894 June 24), President of France, shot by anarchist Sante Jeronimo Caserio
    Sante Jeronimo Caserio
    Santo Ironimo Caserio was an Italian anarchist and the assassin of Marie François Sadi Carnot, President of the French Third Republic.Caserio was born in Motta Visconti, Lombardy...

     in Lyon
  • Jean Jaurès
    Jean Jaurès
    Jean Léon Jaurès was a French Socialist leader. Initially an Opportunist Republican, he evolved into one of the first social democrats, becoming the leader, in 1902, of the French Socialist Party, which opposed Jules Guesde's revolutionary Socialist Party of France. Both parties merged in 1905 in...

     (1914 July 30), politician, pacifist
  • Gaston Calmette
    Gaston Calmette
    Gaston Calmette was a French journalist.In January 1914 Calmette, who had been editor of the newspaper Le Figaro since 1902, launched a campaign against Minister of Finance Joseph Caillaux, who had introduced progressive taxation and was known for his pacifist stance towards Germany during the...

     (1914 March 16), editor of Le Figaro
    Le Figaro
    Le Figaro is a French daily newspaper founded in 1826 and published in Paris. It is one of three French newspapers of record, with Le Monde and Libération, and is the oldest newspaper in France. It is also the second-largest national newspaper in France after Le Parisien and before Le Monde, but...

    newspaper, by Henriette Caillaux
    Henriette Caillaux
    Henriette Caillaux was a Parisian socialite and second wife of the former Prime Minister of France. She is remembered as an assassin.-Biography:...

    , wife of minister of Finance Joseph Caillaux
    Joseph Caillaux
    Joseph-Marie–Auguste Caillaux was a major French politician of the Third Republic. The leader of the Radicals, he favored a policy of conciliation with Germany during his premiership from 1911 to 1912, which led to the maintenance of the peace during the Second Moroccan Crisis of 1911...

  • Paul Doumer
    Paul Doumer
    Joseph Athanase Paul Doumer, commonly known as Paul Doumer was the President of France from 13 June 1931 until his assassination.-Biography:...

     (1932 May 6), President of France, shot in Paris
  • Alexander I of Yugoslavia
    Alexander I of Yugoslavia
    Alexander I , also known as Alexander the Unifier was the first king of the Kingdom of Yugoslavia as well as the last king of the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes .-Childhood:...

     (1934), was king of Yugoslavia. Assassinated in Marseille
    Marseille
    Marseille , known in antiquity as Massalia , is the second largest city in France, after Paris, with a population of 852,395 within its administrative limits on a land area of . The urban area of Marseille extends beyond the city limits with a population of over 1,420,000 on an area of...

    , France
    France
    The French Republic , The French Republic , The French Republic , (commonly known as France , is a unitary semi-presidential republic in Western Europe with several overseas territories and islands located on other continents and in the Indian, Pacific, and Atlantic oceans. Metropolitan France...

    .
  • Louis Barthou
    Louis Barthou
    Jean Louis Barthou was a French politician of the Third Republic.-Early years:He was born in Oloron-Sainte-Marie, Pyrénées-Atlantiques, and served as Deputy from that constituency. He was an authority on trade union history and law. Barthou was Prime Minister in 1913, and held ministerial office...

     (1934), foreign minister of France killed along with King Alexander I of Yugoslavia
    Alexander I of Yugoslavia
    Alexander I , also known as Alexander the Unifier was the first king of the Kingdom of Yugoslavia as well as the last king of the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes .-Childhood:...

     at Marseille
    Marseille
    Marseille , known in antiquity as Massalia , is the second largest city in France, after Paris, with a population of 852,395 within its administrative limits on a land area of . The urban area of Marseille extends beyond the city limits with a population of over 1,420,000 on an area of...

  • Ernst vom Rath
    Ernst vom Rath
    Ernst Eduard vom Rath was a German diplomat, remembered for his assassination in Paris in 1938 by a Jewish youth, Herschel Grynszpan. The assassination triggered Kristallnacht, the "Night of Broken Glass"....

     (1938), German diplomat in France
  • Constant Chevillon
    Constant Chevillon
    Constant Chevillon was Grand Master of the Freemasonry Rite of Memphis-Misraïm and head of FUDOFSI and other occult societies....

     (1944), head of FUDOFSI
    FUDOFSI
    FUDOFSI , headed by Constant Chevillon , was a federation of independent esoteric orders similar to FUDOSI, but strongly opposed to the other group.-History:...

    , by Gestapo
    Gestapo
    The Gestapo was the official secret police of Nazi Germany. Beginning on 20 April 1934, it was under the administration of the SS leader Heinrich Himmler in his position as Chief of German Police...

     in Lyon
    Lyon
    Lyon , is a city in east-central France in the Rhône-Alpes region, situated between Paris and Marseille. Lyon is located at from Paris, from Marseille, from Geneva, from Turin, and from Barcelona. The residents of the city are called Lyonnais....

  • Philippe Henriot
    Philippe Henriot
    Philippe Henriot was a French politician.Moving to the far right after beginnings in Roman Catholic conservatism in the Republican Federation, Henriot was elected to the Third Republic's Chamber of Deputies for the Gironde département in 1932 and 1936...

     (1944), State secretary for Information and Propaganda of Vichy government
    Vichy France
    Vichy France, Vichy Regime, or Vichy Government, are common terms used to describe the government of France that collaborated with the Axis powers from July 1940 to August 1944. This government succeeded the Third Republic and preceded the Provisional Government of the French Republic...

    , by French resistants
    French Resistance
    The French Resistance is the name used to denote the collection of French resistance movements that fought against the Nazi German occupation of France and against the collaborationist Vichy régime during World War II...

     in Paris
  • Georges Mandel
    Georges Mandel
    Georges Mandel was a French politician, journalist, and French Resistance leader.-Biography:Born Louis George Rothschild in Chatou, Yvelines, was the son of a tailor...

     (1944), former radical-socialist minister and French resistant
    French Resistance
    The French Resistance is the name used to denote the collection of French resistance movements that fought against the Nazi German occupation of France and against the collaborationist Vichy régime during World War II...

    , by miliciens
    Milice
    The Milice française , generally called simply Milice, was a paramilitary force created on January 30, 1943 by the Vichy Regime, with German aid, to help fight the French Resistance. The Milice's formal leader was Prime Minister Pierre Laval, though its chief of operations, and actual leader, was...

    in forest of Fontainebleau
    Forest of Fontainebleau
    The forest of Fontainebleau is a mixed deciduous forest lying sixty kilometres southeast of Paris, France. It is located primarily in the arrondissement of Fontainebleau in the southwestern part of the department of Seine-et-Marne...

  • Eugène Deloncle
    Eugène Deloncle
    Eugène Deloncle was a French engineer and Fascist leader, and the adoptive father of Jacques Corrèze....

     (1944), milicien
    Milice
    The Milice française , generally called simply Milice, was a paramilitary force created on January 30, 1943 by the Vichy Regime, with German aid, to help fight the French Resistance. The Milice's formal leader was Prime Minister Pierre Laval, though its chief of operations, and actual leader, was...

    and former leader of clandestine far-right organisation La Cagoule
    La Cagoule
    La Cagoule , officially called Comité secret d'action révolutionnaire , was a violent French fascist-leaning and anti-communist group, active in the 1930s, and designed to attempt the overthrow of the French Third Republic...

    , by Gestapo
    Gestapo
    The Gestapo was the official secret police of Nazi Germany. Beginning on 20 April 1934, it was under the administration of the SS leader Heinrich Himmler in his position as Chief of German Police...

  • Mehdi Ben Barka
    Mehdi Ben Barka
    Mehdi Ben Barka was a Moroccan politician, head of the left-wing National Union of Popular Forces and secretary of the Tricontinental Conference...

     (1965), Moroccan socialist leader and Third-World Tricontinental
    Tricontinental
    Tricontinental is a leftist quarterly magazine founded during the 1966 Tricontinental Conference, currently published by the Cuban organisation OSPAAAL.The magazine receives much funding from sympathetic Italian groups....

     leader, disappeared
    Forced disappearance
    In international human rights law, a forced disappearance occurs when a person is secretly abducted or imprisoned by a state or political organization or by a third party with the authorization, support, or acquiescence of a state or political organization, followed by a refusal to acknowledge the...

    in Paris
  • Outel Bono
    Outel Bono
    Outel Bono was a Chadian medical doctor and politician.He was medical director of the hospital in Chad's capital, Fort-Lamy , in 1963 when he was arrested for plotting against the government of President François Tombalbaye. Condemned to death, his sentence was commuted after a vigorous campaign...

     (1973), Chad
    Chad
    Chad , officially known as the Republic of Chad, is a landlocked country in Central Africa. It is bordered by Libya to the north, Sudan to the east, the Central African Republic to the south, Cameroon and Nigeria to the southwest, and Niger to the west...

    ian medical doctor and anti-Tombalbaye
    François Tombalbaye
    François Tombalbaye, also called Ngarta Tombalbaye , was a teacher and a trade union activist who served as the first president of Chad. He was born in the southern region of the country in the Moyen-Chari Prefecture near the city of Koumara and was of the Sara ethnic group, the prominent ethnicity...

     activist
  • Jean de Broglie
    Jean de Broglie
    Prince Jean Marie François Ferdinand de Broglie was a French politician.Born in Paris, he was one of the negotiators of the Évian Accords....

     (1976), former minister and one of the French negotiators of the Évian Accords
    Évian Accords
    The Évian Accords comprise a treaty which was signed in 1962 in Évian-les-Bains, France by France and the F.L.N. . The Accords put an end to the Algerian War with a formal cease-fire proclaimed for March 19, and formalized the idea of cooperative exchange between the two countries...

  • Henri Curiel
    Henri Curiel
    Henri Curiel was a left-wing political activist. Born in Egypt, Curiel led the communist Democratic Movement for National Liberation until he was expelled from the country in 1950. Settling in France, Curiel aided the Algerian Front de Libération Nationale and other national liberation causes...

     (1978), anticolonialist activist
  • José Miguel Beñaran Ordeñana
    José Miguel Beñaran Ordeñana
    José Miguel Beñaran Ordeñana was a Basque activist and a key figure in the political evolution of the Basque separatist organization Euskadi ta Askatasuna...

     "Argala" (1978), Basque
    Basque people
    The Basques as an ethnic group, primarily inhabit an area traditionally known as the Basque Country , a region that is located around the western end of the Pyrenees on the coast of the Bay of Biscay and straddles parts of north-central Spain and south-western France.The Basques are known in the...

     leader
  • Pierre Goldman
    Pierre Goldman
    Pierre Goldman, was a French left-wing intellectual who was convicted of several robberies and mysteriously assassinated. It has been suspected that the Grupos Antiterroristas de Liberación death squad was involved in his murder...

     (1979), left-wing activist
  • Robert Boulin
    Robert Boulin
    Robert Boulin was a French politician who served as Minister of Labour in the French Cabinet and was at the centre of a major real-estate scandal that ended only with his death in mysterious circumstances...

     (1979), minister of Labor and many times minister since 1961. Officially suicide, but a lot of anomalies revealed since.
  • Joseph Fontanet
    Joseph Fontanet
    Joseph Fontanet was a French politician.He was first elected to Parliament in 1956 as MP for Savoie. In his 17 years in Parliament he held various cabinet positions including Health, Labour and Employment, and trade and industry. He succeeded Bernard Chenot, one of the first openly gay officials...

     (1980), former minister
  • Salah al-Din Bitar (1980), Syrian Baath politician
  • Yehia El-Mashad (1980), Egypt
    Egypt
    Egypt , officially the Arab Republic of Egypt, Arabic: , is a country mainly in North Africa, with the Sinai Peninsula forming a land bridge in Southwest Asia. Egypt is thus a transcontinental country, and a major power in Africa, the Mediterranean Basin, the Middle East and the Muslim world...

    ian atomic scientist.
  • Jean-Pierre Maïone-Libaude
    Jean-Pierre Maïone-Libaude
    Jean-Pierre Maïone-Libaude was a French veteran of the Algerian War , former member of the OAS' Delta commando, a nationalist terrorist group. He then became the informant of police officer Lucien Aimé-Blanc, former vice chief of staff of the Antigang brigade and of the Narcotics brigade...

     (1982), right-wing activist and criminal
  • Georges Besse
    Georges Besse
    Georges Besse was a French businessman who led several large state-controlled French companies during his lifetime. He was assassinated outside his home on November 17, 1986...

     (1986), Renault
    Renault
    Renault S.A. is a French automaker producing cars, vans, and in the past, autorail vehicles, trucks, tractors, vans and also buses/coaches. Its alliance with Nissan makes it the world's third largest automaker...

     executive, by far-left activists of Action directe
    Action Directe
    Action Directe is French for direct action. It may refer to:* Action directe , the 1970s and 1980s French urban guerrilla group* Action Directe , the rock climb...

  • Dulcie September
    Dulcie September
    September, Dulcie Evonne was born on August 20th, 1935 in Gleemore , Western Cape, South Africa. She died after being assassinated in Paris, France on March 29, 1988...

     (1988), African National Congress
    African National Congress
    The African National Congress is South Africa's governing Africanist political party, supported by its tripartite alliance with the Congress of South African Trade Unions and the South African Communist Party , since the establishment of non-racial democracy in April 1994. It defines itself as a...

     representative, in Paris
  • Joseph Doucé
    Joseph Doucé
    Joseph Doucé was born to a rural family in Sint-Truiden, Belgium. He was a psychologist and Baptist pastor in Paris. He was openly gay and was among the founders of the International Lesbian and Gay Association. He served as a volunteer soldier in the OTAN base at Limoges , where he had time to...

     (1990), activist for sexual minorities
  • Shapour Bakhtiar
    Shapour Bakhtiar
    Shapour Bakhtiar was an Iranian political scientist, writer and the last Prime Minister of Iran under Shah Mohammad Reza Pahlavi...

     (1991), Prime Minister of Iran
    Prime Minister of Iran
    Prime Minister of Iran was a political post in Iran that had existed during several different periods of time starting with the Qajar era until its most recent revival from 1979 to 1989 following the Iranian Revolution.-Prime Ministers of Qajar era:In the Qajar era, prime ministers were known by...

     briefly in 1979, stabbed to death at his home in France
  • Abdelbaki Sahraoui
    Abdelbaki Sahraoui
    Abdelbaki Sahraoui was a co-founder of the Islamic Salvation Front in Algeria.He was born in 1910 in Constantine, Algeria. In 1926, he joined the circle of Sheikh Mubarak el-Mili. Five years later, he was conscripted by the French army, where he spent two years. He then moved to Algiers, where...

     (1995), co-founder of the Algerian Islamic Salvation Front
    Islamic Salvation Front
    The Islamic Salvation Front is an outlawed Islamist political party in Algeria.-Goals:...

    , in Paris
  • Claude Erignac
    Claude Erignac
    Claude Érignac was a former French prefect on the island of Corsica.Érignac was born in Mende, Lozère. In 1996 he went to Ajaccio in Corsica to take office as the Prefect of Corse-du-Sud. He was assassinated at 9:15 p.m. on 6 February 1998. Corsican nationalist militant Yvan Colonna was suspected...

     (1998), prefect
    Prefect
    Prefect is a magisterial title of varying definition....

     of Corsica
    Corsica
    Corsica is an island in the Mediterranean Sea. It is located west of Italy, southeast of the French mainland, and north of the island of Sardinia....


Germany

  • Alexander Severus
    Alexander Severus
    Severus Alexander was Roman Emperor from 222 to 235. Alexander was the last emperor of the Severan dynasty. He succeeded his cousin Elagabalus upon the latter's assassination in 222, and was ultimately assassinated himself, marking the epoch event for the Crisis of the Third Century — nearly fifty...

     (235), Roman emperor
    Roman Emperor
    The Roman emperor was the ruler of the Roman State during the imperial period . The Romans had no single term for the office although at any given time, a given title was associated with the emperor...

    , near Moguntiacum (present-day Mainz
    Mainz
    Mainz under the Holy Roman Empire, and previously was a Roman fort city which commanded the west bank of the Rhine and formed part of the northernmost frontier of the Roman Empire...

    ) by his troops
  • Postumus
    Postumus
    Marcus Cassianius Latinius Postumus was a Roman emperor of Batavian origin. He usurped power from Gallienus in 260 and formed the so-called Gallic Empire...

     (268), Gallic emperor, in Mainz
    Mainz
    Mainz under the Holy Roman Empire, and previously was a Roman fort city which commanded the west bank of the Rhine and formed part of the northernmost frontier of the Roman Empire...

  • Laelianus
    Laelianus
    Ulpius Cornelius Laelianus was a usurper against Postumus, the emperor of the Gallic Empire. His revolt lasted from approximately late February to early June 269.-Origins:...

     (268), Gallic emperor, in Mainz
    Mainz
    Mainz under the Holy Roman Empire, and previously was a Roman fort city which commanded the west bank of the Rhine and formed part of the northernmost frontier of the Roman Empire...

  • Philipp von Hohenstaufen (1208), Emperor, in Bamberg
    Bamberg
    Bamberg is a city in Bavaria, Germany. It is located in Upper Franconia on the river Regnitz, close to its confluence with the river Main. Bamberg is one of the few cities in Germany that was not destroyed by World War II bombings because of a nearby Artillery Factory that prevented planes from...

  • Engelbert I. von Köln
    Engelbert II of Berg
    Count Engelbert II of Berg, also known as Saint Engelbert, Engelbert of Cologne, Engelbert I, Archbishop of Cologne or Engelbert I of Berg, Archbishop of Cologne was Archbishop of Cologne and a saint; he was the victim of a notorious murder by a member of his own family.-Early life:Engelbert was...

     (1225), Archbishop of Cologne
  • Konrad von Marburg
    Konrad von Marburg
    Konrad von Marburg was a medieval German inquisitor. He was commissioned by the Pope to combat the Albigensians, whom the Roman Catholic Church considered heretics...

     (1233), inquisitor
  • Rosa Luxemburg
    Rosa Luxemburg
    Rosa Luxemburg was a Marxist theorist, philosopher, economist and activist of Polish Jewish descent who became a naturalized German citizen...

     (1919), socialist writer, in Berlin
    Berlin
    Berlin is the capital city of Germany and is one of the 16 states of Germany. With a population of 3.45 million people, Berlin is Germany's largest city. It is the second most populous city proper and the seventh most populous urban area in the European Union...

  • Karl Liebknecht
    Karl Liebknecht
    was a German socialist and a co-founder with Rosa Luxemburg of the Spartacist League and the Communist Party of Germany. He is best known for his opposition to World War I in the Reichstag and his role in the Spartacist uprising of 1919...

     (1919), socialist lawyer and politician, in Berlin
    Berlin
    Berlin is the capital city of Germany and is one of the 16 states of Germany. With a population of 3.45 million people, Berlin is Germany's largest city. It is the second most populous city proper and the seventh most populous urban area in the European Union...

  • Kurt Eisner
    Kurt Eisner
    Kurt Eisner was a Bavarian politician and journalist. As a German socialist journalist and statesman, he organized the Socialist Revolution that overthrew the Wittelsbach monarchy in Bavaria in November 1918....

     (1919), Prime Minister of Bavaria
  • Talat Pasha (1921), former Ottoman Minister of Interior Affairs, in Berlin
    Berlin
    Berlin is the capital city of Germany and is one of the 16 states of Germany. With a population of 3.45 million people, Berlin is Germany's largest city. It is the second most populous city proper and the seventh most populous urban area in the European Union...

     by Soghomon Tehlirian
    Soghomon Tehlirian
    Soghomon Tehlirian was a native of Yerznka, an Armenian Evangelical survivor...

  • Matthias Erzberger
    Matthias Erzberger
    Matthias Erzberger was a German politician. Prominent in the Centre Party, he spoke out against the First World War from 1917 and eventually signed the Armistice with Germany for the German Empire...

     (1921), politician
  • Walther Rathenau
    Walther Rathenau
    Walther Rathenau was a German Jewish industrialist, politician, writer, and statesman who served as Foreign Minister of Germany during the Weimar Republic...

     (1922 June 24), German foreign minister
  • Ernst Röhm
    Ernst Röhm
    Ernst Julius Röhm, was a German officer in the Bavarian Army and later an early Nazi leader. He was a co-founder of the Sturmabteilung , the Nazi Party militia, and later was its commander...

     (1934), leader of the Sturm Abteilung (SA)
  • Kurt von Schleicher
    Kurt von Schleicher
    Kurt von Schleicher was a German general and the last Chancellor of Germany during the era of the Weimar Republic. Seventeen months after his resignation, he was assassinated by order of his successor, Adolf Hitler, in the Night of the Long Knives....

     (1934), former German chancellor, murdered by the SS
  • Stepan Bandera
    Stepan Bandera
    Stepan Andriyovych Bandera was a Ukrainian politician and one of the leaders of Ukrainian national movement in Western Ukraine , who headed the Organization of Ukrainian Nationalists...

     (1959) - Ukrainian
    Ukrainians
    Ukrainians are an East Slavic ethnic group native to Ukraine, which is the sixth-largest nation in Europe. The Constitution of Ukraine applies the term 'Ukrainians' to all its citizens...

     nationalist leader assassinated by Bohdan Stashynsky
    Bohdan Stashynsky
    Bohdan Stashynsky is the KGB assassin of Ukrainian nationalist leaders Lev Rebet and Stepan Bandera who were killed in the late 1950s.-Early biography :...

     in Munich
    Munich
    Munich The city's motto is "" . Before 2006, it was "Weltstadt mit Herz" . Its native name, , is derived from the Old High German Munichen, meaning "by the monks' place". The city's name derives from the monks of the Benedictine order who founded the city; hence the monk depicted on the city's coat...

  • Belkacem Krim (1970), Algeria
    Algeria
    Algeria , officially the People's Democratic Republic of Algeria , also formally referred to as the Democratic and Popular Republic of Algeria, is a country in the Maghreb region of Northwest Africa with Algiers as its capital.In terms of land area, it is the largest country in Africa and the Arab...

    n politician
  • Siegfried Buback
    Siegfried Buback
    Siegfried Buback was the Attorney General of Germany from 1974-1977.Buback studied at the University of Leipzig. From 1940 to 1945 he was a member of the Nazi Party. From 1945 to 1947 he was a POW...

     (1977), German
    Germany
    Germany , officially the Federal Republic of Germany , is a federal parliamentary republic in Europe. The country consists of 16 states while the capital and largest city is Berlin. Germany covers an area of 357,021 km2 and has a largely temperate seasonal climate...

     attorney general
    Attorney General
    In most common law jurisdictions, the attorney general, or attorney-general, is the main legal advisor to the government, and in some jurisdictions he or she may also have executive responsibility for law enforcement or responsibility for public prosecutions.The term is used to refer to any person...

  • Jürgen Ponto
    Jürgen Ponto
    Jürgen Ponto, was a German banker and chairman of the Dresdner Bank board of directors. Previously, he had worked as a lawyer...

     (1977), CEO Dresdner Bank
    Dresdner Bank
    Dresdner Bank AG was one of Germany's largest banking corporations and was based in Frankfurt. It was acquired by competitor Commerzbank in December 2009.- 19th century :...

  • Hanns-Martin Schleyer (1977), president of the German
    Germany
    Germany , officially the Federal Republic of Germany , is a federal parliamentary republic in Europe. The country consists of 16 states while the capital and largest city is Berlin. Germany covers an area of 357,021 km2 and has a largely temperate seasonal climate...

     employers' organization
  • Alfred Herrhausen
    Alfred Herrhausen
    Alfred Herrhausen was a German banker and Chairman of Deutsche Bank. From 1971 onwards he was a member of the bank's board of directors....

     (1989), Deutsche Bank
    Deutsche Bank
    Deutsche Bank AG is a global financial service company with its headquarters in Frankfurt, Germany. It employs more than 100,000 people in over 70 countries, and has a large presence in Europe, the Americas, Asia Pacific and the emerging markets...

     CEO
  • Detlev Karsten Rohwedder
    Detlev Karsten Rohwedder
    Detlev Karsten Rohwedder was a German manager and politician, as member of the Social Democratic Party. He was manager of the Treuhandanstalt....

     (1991), director of Treuhandanstalt for former East Germany
  • Sadeq Sharafkandi, Fattah Abdoli, Homayoun Ardalan, Nouri Dehkordi (1992), dissident Kurdish
    Kurdish people
    The Kurdish people, or Kurds , are an Iranian people native to the Middle East, mostly inhabiting a region known as Kurdistan, which includes adjacent parts of Iran, Iraq, Syria, and Turkey...

     Iranian political leaders, in Berlin
    Berlin
    Berlin is the capital city of Germany and is one of the 16 states of Germany. With a population of 3.45 million people, Berlin is Germany's largest city. It is the second most populous city proper and the seventh most populous urban area in the European Union...

     (Mykonos restaurant assassinations
    Mykonos restaurant assassinations
    In the Mykonos restaurant assassinations , Iranian-Kurdish opposition leaders Sadegh Sharafkandi, Fattah Abdoli, Homayoun Ardalan and their translator Nouri Dehkordi were assassinated at the Mykonos Greek restaurant in Berlin, Germany on 17 September 1992.In the Mykonos trial, the German court...

    )

Greece

  • Hipparchus
    Hipparchus (son of Pisistratus)
    Hipparchus or Hipparch was a member of the ruling class of Athens. He was one of the sons of Peisistratos.Although he was said among Greeks to have been the tyrant of Athens along with his brother Hippias when Peisistratos died, about 528 BC...

     (514 BC), brother of the tyrant of Athens
    Athens
    Athens , is the capital and largest city of Greece. Athens dominates the Attica region and is one of the world's oldest cities, as its recorded history spans around 3,400 years. Classical Athens was a powerful city-state...

  • Ephialtes
    Ephialtes
    Ephialtes of Trachis was the son of Eurydemus of Malis. He betrayed his homeland by showing the Persian forces a path around the allied Greek position at the pass of Thermopylae, which helped them win the Battle of Thermopylae in 480 BC.-Trail:The allied Greek land forces, which Herodotus states...

     (461 BC), leader of the radical democracy movement in Athens
  • Alcibiades
    Alcibiades
    Alcibiades, son of Clinias, from the deme of Scambonidae , was a prominent Athenian statesman, orator, and general. He was the last famous member of his mother's aristocratic family, the Alcmaeonidae, which fell from prominence after the Peloponnesian War...

     (404 BC), Athenian general and politician
  • Alexander of Pherae
    Alexander of Pherae
    Alexander was tagus or despot of Pherae in Thessaly, and ruled from 369 BC to 358 BC.-Reign:The accounts of how he came to power vary somewhat in minor points. Diodorus Siculus tells us that upon the assassination of the tyrant Jason of Pherae, in 370 BC, his brother Polydorus ruled for a year,...

     (358 BC), despot of Pherae
    Pherae
    Pherae was an ancient Greek town in southeastern Thessaly. It bordered Lake Boebeïs. In mythology, it was the home of King Admetus, whose wife, Alcestis, Heracles went into Hades to rescue. In history, it was more famous as the home of the fourth-century B.C...

  • Philip II of Macedon
    Philip II of Macedon
    Philip II of Macedon "friend" + ἵππος "horse" — transliterated ; 382 – 336 BC), was a king of Macedon from 359 BC until his assassination in 336 BC. He was the father of Alexander the Great and Philip III.-Biography:...

     (336 BC), king of Macedon
    Macedon
    Macedonia or Macedon was an ancient kingdom, centered in the northeastern part of the Greek peninsula, bordered by Epirus to the west, Paeonia to the north, the region of Thrace to the east and Thessaly to the south....

    , by Pausanias of Orestis in Pella
    Pella
    Pella , an ancient Greek city located in Pella Prefecture of Macedonia in Greece, was the capital of the ancient kingdom of Macedonia.-Etymology:...

  • Seleucus I Nicator
    Seleucus I Nicator
    Seleucus I was a Macedonian officer of Alexander the Great and one of the Diadochi. In the Wars of the Diadochi that took place after Alexander's death, Seleucus established the Seleucid dynasty and the Seleucid Empire...

     (281 BC), founder of the Seleucid dynasty
    Seleucid dynasty
    The Seleucid dynasty or the Seleucidae was a Greek Macedonian royal family, founded by Seleucus I Nicator , which ruled the Seleucid Kingdom centered in the Near East and regions of the Asian part of the earlier Achaemenid Persian Empire during the Hellenistic period.-History:Seleucus was an...

    , near Lysimachia
    Lysimachia (Thrace)
    Lysimachia was an important Hellenistic Greek town on the north-western extremity of the Thracian Chersonese in what is now the European part of Turkey, not far from the bay of Melas .- History :...

  • Abantidas
    Abantidas
    Abantidas , the son of Paseas, became tyrant of the ancient Greek city-state of Sicyon after murdering Cleinias, the father of Aratus, 264 BC...

     (251 BC), tyrant of Sicyon
    Sicyon
    Sikyon was an ancient Greek city situated in the northern Peloponnesus between Corinth and Achaea on the territory of the present-day prefecture of Corinthia...

  • Archimedes
    Archimedes
    Archimedes of Syracuse was a Greek mathematician, physicist, engineer, inventor, and astronomer. Although few details of his life are known, he is regarded as one of the leading scientists in classical antiquity. Among his advances in physics are the foundations of hydrostatics, statics and an...

     (212 BC), Greek mathematician, was killed in syracusa, magna Greece
  • Ioannis Capodistrias (1831), first President of Greece
    President of Greece
    The President of the Hellenic Republic , colloquially referred to in English as the President of Greece, is the head of state of Greece. The office of the President of the Republic was established after the Greek republic referendum, 1974 and formally by the Constitution of Greece in 1975. The...

  • Theodoros Deligiannis
    Theodoros Deligiannis
    Theodoros Deligiannis, also spelled Delijannis and Deliyannis, , was a Greek statesman.-Life:He was born at Lagkadia, Arcadia. He studied law in Athens, and in 1843 entered the Ministry of the Interior, of which department he became permanent secretary in 1859. In 1862, on the deposition of King...

     (1905 June 13), Prime Minister of Greece
    Prime Minister of Greece
    The Prime Minister of Greece , officially the Prime Minister of the Hellenic Republic , is the head of government of the Hellenic Republic and the leader of the Greek cabinet. The current interim Prime Minister is Lucas Papademos, a former Vice President of the European Central Bank, following...

  • Marinos Antypas
    Marinos Antypas
    Marinos Antypas was a Greek lawyer and journalist, and one of the country's first socialists.He was born in the village Ferentinata, near Antypata Pylarou, in Kefalonia, the eldest son of Spiros Antypas and Angelin Klada...

     (1907 March 8), Greek politician
  • George I of Greece
    George I of Greece
    George I was King of Greece from 1863 to 1913. Originally a Danish prince, George was only 17 years old when he was elected king by the Greek National Assembly, which had deposed the former king Otto. His nomination was both suggested and supported by the Great Powers...

     (1913 March 18), King of Greece
  • Grigoris Lambrakis (1963), leader of anti-fascist movement in Greece.
  • Richard Welch
    Richard Welch
    Richard Skeffington Welch , a Harvard-educated classicist, was a CIA Station Chief killed by the radical Marxist organization Revolutionary Organization 17 November .-Early life and CIA career:...

     (1975), CIA Station Chief
  • Hagop Hagopian
    Hagop Hagopian
    Hagop Hagopian , also Bedros Ohanessian was one of the founders and the main leader of the Armenian Secret Army for the Liberation of Armenia .- Life :...

     (1988), Armenian leader of ASALA
    Asala
    Asala may refer to:* Armenian Secret Army for the Liberation of Armenia, a Marxist-Leninist guerrilla organization.* Asalah Nasri, Syrian singer* Al Asalah, a Salafist political party in Bahrain...

  • William Nordeen
    William Nordeen
    William Edward Nordeen was an American diplomat. Born in Amery, Wisconsin and raised in nearby Centuria, he was the United States defense and naval attaché to the U.S. Embassy in Athens, Greece...

     (1988), Tsantes successor as U.S. military attaché in Athens
  • Pavlos Bakoyannis
    Pavlos Bakoyannis
    Pavlos Bakoyannis was a liberal Greek politician who was well known for his broadcasts against the Greek military dictatorship of 1967-1974 on Deutsche Welle radio...

     (1989), New Democracy
    New Democracy (Greece)
    New Democracy is the main centre-right political party and one of the two major parties in Greece. It was founded in 1974 by Konstantinos Karamanlis and formed the first cabinet of the Third Hellenic Republic...

     politician
  • Stephen Saunders
    Stephen Saunders (military attache)
    Brigadier Stephen Saunders , the British military attaché in Athens, was killed on 8 June 2000 by motorcycle gunmen who were members of Revolutionary Organization 17 November...

     (2000), Brigadier and British military attaché in Athens

Ireland

  • Brian Boruma (1014), Irish king
  • Lord Frederick Cavendish
    Lord Frederick Cavendish
    Lord Frederick Charles Cavendish was an English Liberal politician and protégé of the Prime Minister, William Ewart Gladstone...

     (1882), Chief Secretary for Ireland
  • Thomas Henry Burke
    Thomas Henry Burke (Irish politician)
    Thomas Henry Burke was Permanent Under Secretary at the Irish Office for many years before being killed during the Phoenix Park Murders on Saturday 6 May 1882. The killing was carried out by an Irish republican organisation called the Irish National Invincibles...

     (1882), Permanent Under Secretary for Ireland
  • Tomás Mac Curtain
    Tomás Mac Curtain
    Tomás Mac Curtain was a Sinn Féin Lord Mayor of Cork, Ireland. He was elected in January 1920.He was born at Ballyknockane in the Parish of Mourne Abbey in March 1884. He attended Burnfort National School. In 1897 the family moved to Blackpool on the northside of Cork where he attended The North...

     (1920), Lord Mayor of Cork
    Lord Mayor of Cork
    The Lord Mayor of Cork is the honorific title of the Chairman of Cork City Council which is the local government body for the city of Cork in Ireland. The incumbent is Terry Shannon of Fianna Fáil. The office holder is elected annually by the members of the Council.-History of office:In 1199 there...

  • Michael Collins
    Michael Collins (Irish leader)
    Michael "Mick" Collins was an Irish revolutionary leader, Minister for Finance and Teachta Dála for Cork South in the First Dáil of 1919, Director of Intelligence for the IRA, and member of the Irish delegation during the Anglo-Irish Treaty negotiations. Subsequently, he was both Chairman of the...

     (1922), President of the Provisional Government and Irish Republican Army
    Irish Republican Army
    The Irish Republican Army was an Irish republican revolutionary military organisation. It was descended from the Irish Volunteers, an organisation established on 25 November 1913 that staged the Easter Rising in April 1916...

     (IRA) guerrilla
    Guerrilla warfare
    Guerrilla warfare is a form of irregular warfare and refers to conflicts in which a small group of combatants including, but not limited to, armed civilians use military tactics, such as ambushes, sabotage, raids, the element of surprise, and extraordinary mobility to harass a larger and...

     leader during the Irish War of Independence
    Irish War of Independence
    The Irish War of Independence , Anglo-Irish War, Black and Tan War, or Tan War was a guerrilla war mounted by the Irish Republican Army against the British government and its forces in Ireland. It began in January 1919, following the Irish Republic's declaration of independence. Both sides agreed...

  • Kevin O'Higgins
    Kevin O'Higgins
    Kevin Christopher O'Higgins was an Irish politician who served as Vice-President of the Executive Council and Minister for Justice. He was part of early nationalist Sinn Féin, before going on to become a prominent member of Cumann na nGaedheal. O'Higgins initiated the An Garda Síochána police force...

     (1927), Irish politician, Minister of Home Affairs/Minister of Justice of the Irish Free State
    Irish Free State
    The Irish Free State was the state established as a Dominion on 6 December 1922 under the Anglo-Irish Treaty, signed by the British government and Irish representatives exactly twelve months beforehand...

  • Henry Boyle Townshend Somerville
    Henry Boyle Townshend Somerville
    Henry Boyle Townshend Somerville Somerville joined the Royal Navy as a cadet in 1877. He trained as a Hydrographic Surveyor, was promoted to Captain in 1912 and Vice Admiral on August 1, 1919...

     (1936), assassinated for providing assistance to Royal Navy
    Royal Navy
    The Royal Navy is the naval warfare service branch of the British Armed Forces. Founded in the 16th century, it is the oldest service branch and is known as the Senior Service...

     recruits
  • Christopher Ewart-Biggs
    Christopher Ewart-Biggs
    Christopher Ewart-Biggs, CMG, OBE was the British Ambassador to Ireland and an author. He was assassinated by the Provisional Irish Republican Army in Sandyford, Dublin....

     (1976), British
    United Kingdom
    The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern IrelandIn the United Kingdom and Dependencies, other languages have been officially recognised as legitimate autochthonous languages under the European Charter for Regional or Minority Languages...

     ambassador to Ireland
  • Louis Mountbatten, 1st Earl Mountbatten of Burma
    Louis Mountbatten, 1st Earl Mountbatten of Burma
    Admiral of the Fleet Louis Francis Albert Victor Nicholas George Mountbatten, 1st Earl Mountbatten of Burma, KG, GCB, OM, GCSI, GCIE, GCVO, DSO, PC, FRS , was a British statesman and naval officer, and an uncle of Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh...

     (1979), Royal Navy
    Royal Navy
    The Royal Navy is the naval warfare service branch of the British Armed Forces. Founded in the 16th century, it is the oldest service branch and is known as the Senior Service...

     Admiral of the Fleet
    Admiral of the Fleet (Royal Navy)
    Admiral of the fleet is the highest rank of the British Royal Navy and other navies, which equates to the NATO rank code OF-10. The rank still exists in the Royal Navy but routine appointments ceased in 1996....

    , last Viceroy of India
  • Dominic McGlinchey
    Dominic McGlinchey
    Dominic McGlinchey from Bellaghy, County Londonderry, Northern Ireland was an Irish republican paramilitary with the Irish National Liberation Army .-Background:...

     (1994), Irish National Liberation Army
    Irish National Liberation Army
    The Irish National Liberation Army or INLA is an Irish republican socialist paramilitary group that was formed on 8 December 1974. Its goal is to remove Northern Ireland from the United Kingdom and create a socialist united Ireland....

     (INLA) leader
  • Veronica Guerin
    Veronica Guerin
    Veronica Guerin was an Irish crime reporter who was murdered on 26 June 1996 by drug lords, an event which, alongside the murder of Detective Garda Jerry McCabe three weeks earlier, helped establish the Criminal Assets Bureau....

     (1996), Irish journalist
    Journalist
    A journalist collects and distributes news and other information. A journalist's work is referred to as journalism.A reporter is a type of journalist who researchs, writes, and reports on information to be presented in mass media, including print media , electronic media , and digital media A...


Italy (and former Roman Empire)

  • Titus Tatius
    Titus Tatius
    The traditions of ancient Rome held that Titus Tatius was the Sabine king of Cures, who, after the rape of the Sabine women, attacked Rome and captured the Capitol with the treachery of Tarpeia. The Sabine women, however, convinced Tatius and the Roman king, Romulus, to reconcile and subsequently...

     (748 BC), Sabine
    Sabine
    The Sabines were an Italic tribe that lived in the central Appennines of ancient Italy, also inhabiting Latium north of the Anio before the founding of Rome...

     king, in Rome
    Rome
    Rome is the capital of Italy and the country's largest and most populated city and comune, with over 2.7 million residents in . The city is located in the central-western portion of the Italian Peninsula, on the Tiber River within the Lazio region of Italy.Rome's history spans two and a half...

  • Lucius Tarquinius Priscus (579 BC), Etruscan
    Etruscan civilization
    Etruscan civilization is the modern English name given to a civilization of ancient Italy in the area corresponding roughly to Tuscany. The ancient Romans called its creators the Tusci or Etrusci...

     king of Rome, in Rome by the sons of Ancus Marcius
    Ancus Marcius
    Ancus Marcius was the legendary fourth of the Kings of Rome.He was the son of Marcius and Pompilia...

  • Servius Tullius
    Servius Tullius
    Servius Tullius was the legendary sixth king of ancient Rome, and the second of its Etruscan dynasty. He reigned 578-535 BC. Roman and Greek sources describe his servile origins and later marriage to a daughter of Lucius Tarquinius Priscus, Rome's first Etruscan king, who was assassinated in 579 BC...

     (534 BC), Etruscan king of Rome, in Rome by Tarquin II
    Lucius Tarquinius Superbus
    Lucius Tarquinius Superbus was the legendary seventh and final King of Rome, reigning from 535 BC until the popular uprising in 509 BC that led to the establishment of the Roman Republic. He is more commonly known by his cognomen Tarquinius Superbus and was a member of the so-called Etruscan...

  • Tiberius Gracchus
    Tiberius Gracchus
    Tiberius Sempronius Gracchus was a Roman Populares politician of the 2nd century BC and brother of Gaius Gracchus. As a plebeian tribune, his reforms of agrarian legislation caused political turmoil in the Republic. These reforms threatened the holdings of rich landowners in Italy...

     (133 BC), Roman tribune, in Rome by Roman senators
  • Julius Caesar
    Julius Caesar
    Gaius Julius Caesar was a Roman general and statesman and a distinguished writer of Latin prose. He played a critical role in the gradual transformation of the Roman Republic into the Roman Empire....

     (44 BC), Roman general and dictator, in Rome by members of the Roman Senate
    Roman Senate
    The Senate of the Roman Republic was a political institution in the ancient Roman Republic, however, it was not an elected body, but one whose members were appointed by the consuls, and later by the censors. After a magistrate served his term in office, it usually was followed with automatic...

  • Cicero
    Cicero
    Marcus Tullius Cicero , was a Roman philosopher, statesman, lawyer, political theorist, and Roman constitutionalist. He came from a wealthy municipal family of the equestrian order, and is widely considered one of Rome's greatest orators and prose stylists.He introduced the Romans to the chief...

     (43 BC), Roman orator, outside of Rome under orders from Mark Antony
    Mark Antony
    Marcus Antonius , known in English as Mark Antony, was a Roman politician and general. As a military commander and administrator, he was an important supporter and loyal friend of his mother's cousin Julius Caesar...

  • Caligula
    Caligula
    Caligula , also known as Gaius, was Roman Emperor from 37 AD to 41 AD. Caligula was a member of the house of rulers conventionally known as the Julio-Claudian dynasty. Caligula's father Germanicus, the nephew and adopted son of Emperor Tiberius, was a very successful general and one of Rome's most...

     (41), Roman Emperor
    Roman Emperor
    The Roman emperor was the ruler of the Roman State during the imperial period . The Romans had no single term for the office although at any given time, a given title was associated with the emperor...

    , in Rome by Cassius Chaerea
    Cassius Chaerea
    Cassius Chaerea was a centurion in the army of Germanicus and served in the Praetorian Guard under the emperor Caligula, whom he eventually assassinated....

     through a conspiracy with the Praetorian guard
    Praetorian Guard
    The Praetorian Guard was a force of bodyguards used by Roman Emperors. The title was already used during the Roman Republic for the guards of Roman generals, at least since the rise to prominence of the Scipio family around 275 BC...

     and the Senate
  • Claudius
    Claudius
    Claudius , was Roman Emperor from 41 to 54. A member of the Julio-Claudian dynasty, he was the son of Drusus and Antonia Minor. He was born at Lugdunum in Gaul and was the first Roman Emperor to be born outside Italy...

     (54), Roman Emperor, poisoned in Rome by his wife, Agrippina
    Agrippina the Younger
    Julia Agrippina, most commonly referred to as Agrippina Minor or Agrippina the Younger, and after 50 known as Julia Augusta Agrippina was a Roman Empress and one of the more prominent women in the Julio-Claudian dynasty...

  • Vitellius
    Vitellius
    Vitellius , was Roman Emperor for eight months, from 16 April to 22 December 69. Vitellius was acclaimed Emperor following the quick succession of the previous emperors Galba and Otho, in a year of civil war known as the Year of the Four Emperors...

     (69), Roman Emperor, in Rome by the Flavian
    Flavian dynasty
    The Flavian dynasty was a Roman Imperial Dynasty, which ruled the Roman Empire between 69 and 96 AD, encompassing the reigns of Vespasian , and his two sons Titus and Domitian . The Flavians rose to power during the civil war of 69, known as the Year of the Four Emperors...

     army
  • Galba
    Galba
    Galba , was Roman Emperor for seven months from 68 to 69. Galba was the governor of Hispania Tarraconensis, and made a bid for the throne during the rebellion of Julius Vindex...

     (69), Roman Emperor, in Rome by the Praetorian Guard under orders from Otho
    Otho
    Otho , was Roman Emperor for three months, from 15 January to 16 April 69. He was the second emperor of the Year of the four emperors.- Birth and lineage :...

  • Domitian
    Domitian
    Domitian was Roman Emperor from 81 to 96. Domitian was the third and last emperor of the Flavian dynasty.Domitian's youth and early career were largely spent in the shadow of his brother Titus, who gained military renown during the First Jewish-Roman War...

     (96), Roman Emperor, in Rome by Stephanus, steward to Julia Flavia
    Julia Flavia
    Flavia Julia Titi was the daughter and only child to Emperor Titus from his second marriage to the well-connected Marcia Furnilla. Her parents divorced when Julia was an infant, due to her mother's family being connected to the opponents of Roman Emperor Nero...

  • Commodus
    Commodus
    Commodus , was Roman Emperor from 180 to 192. He also ruled as co-emperor with his father Marcus Aurelius from 177 until his father's death in 180. His name changed throughout his reign; see changes of name for earlier and later forms. His accession as emperor was the first time a son had succeeded...

     (192), Roman Emperor, killed in Rome by Narcissus
    Narcissus (murderer)
    Narcissus was a Roman athlete, likely a wrestler, from the 2nd century AD. He is best known to history as the assassin of the Roman Emperor Commodus, by whom he was employed as a wrestling partner, and personal trainer in order to train Commodus for his self-indulgent appearances in the Colosseum...

     the wrestler
  • Pertinax
    Pertinax
    Pertinax , was Roman Emperor for three months in 193. He is known as the first emperor of the tumultuous Year of the Five Emperors. A high ranking military and Senatorial figure, he tried to restore discipline in the Praetorian Guards, whereupon they rebelled and killed him...

     (193), Roman Emperor, in Rome by the Praetorian Guard
  • Didius Julianus
    Didius Julianus
    Didius Julianus , was Roman Emperor for three months during the year 193. He ascended the throne after buying it from the Praetorian Guard, who had assassinated his predecessor Pertinax. This led to the Roman Civil War of 193–197...

     (193), Roman Emperor, in Rome by the Praetorian Guard
  • Publius Septimius Geta
    Publius Septimius Geta
    Geta , was a Roman Emperor co-ruling with his father Septimius Severus and his older brother Caracalla from 209 to his death.-Early life:Geta was the younger son of Septimius Severus by his second wife Julia Domna...

     (212), Roman Emperor, in Rome by centurion
    Centurion
    A centurion was a professional officer of the Roman army .Centurion may also refer to:-Military:* Centurion tank, British battle tank* HMS Centurion, name of several ships and a shore base of the British Royal Navy...

    s under orders of Caracalla
    Caracalla
    Caracalla , was Roman emperor from 198 to 217. The eldest son of Septimius Severus, he ruled jointly with his younger brother Geta until he murdered the latter in 211...

  • Caracalla
    Caracalla
    Caracalla , was Roman emperor from 198 to 217. The eldest son of Septimius Severus, he ruled jointly with his younger brother Geta until he murdered the latter in 211...

     (217), Roman Emperor
    Roman Emperor
    The Roman emperor was the ruler of the Roman State during the imperial period . The Romans had no single term for the office although at any given time, a given title was associated with the emperor...

    , between Edessa
    Edessa, Mesopotamia
    Edessa is the Greek name of an Aramaic town in northern Mesopotamia, as refounded by Seleucus I Nicator. For the modern history of the city, see Şanlıurfa.-Names:...

     and Carrhae (modern-day Sanli Urfa and Harran
    Harran
    Harran was a major ancient city in Upper Mesopotamia whose site is near the modern village of Altınbaşak, Turkey, 24 miles southeast of Şanlıurfa...

    ) by Martialis, possibly under orders of Macrinus
    Macrinus
    Macrinus , was Roman Emperor from 217 to 218. Macrinus was of "Moorish" descent and the first emperor to become so without membership in the senatorial class.-Background and career:...

  • Elagabalus
    Elagabalus
    Elagabalus , also known as Heliogabalus, was Roman Emperor from 218 to 222. A member of the Severan Dynasty, he was Syrian on his mother's side, the son of Julia Soaemias and Sextus Varius Marcellus. Early in his youth he served as a priest of the god El-Gabal at his hometown, Emesa...

     (222), Roman Emperor, in Rome by the Praetorian Guard under orders of Julia Maesa
    Julia Maesa
    Julia Maesa was a Roman citizen and daughter of Julius Bassianus, priest of the sun god Heliogabalus, the patron god of Emesa in the Roman province of Syria...

     and Julia Mamaea
  • Maximinus Thrax
    Maximinus Thrax
    Maximinus Thrax , also known as Maximinus I, was Roman Emperor from 235 to 238.Maximinus is described by several ancient sources, though none are contemporary except Herodian's Roman History. Maximinus was the first emperor never to set foot in Rome...

     (238), Roman Emperor, outside Aquileia
    Aquileia
    Aquileia is an ancient Roman city in what is now Italy, at the head of the Adriatic at the edge of the lagoons, about 10 km from the sea, on the river Natiso , the course of which has changed somewhat since Roman times...

     by his troops
  • Pupienus
    Pupienus and Balbinus
    Marcus Clodius Pupienus Maximus and Decimus Caelius Calvinus Balbinus were two Roman co-emperors elected by the Roman senate on April 22, 238 after the failure of Gordian I and Gordian II to defeat the usurper Maximinus Thrax.- Pupienus :Pupienus, born about 178, was an example of ascension in the...

     (238), Roman Emperor, in Rome by the Praetorian Guard
  • Balbinus
    Pupienus and Balbinus
    Marcus Clodius Pupienus Maximus and Decimus Caelius Calvinus Balbinus were two Roman co-emperors elected by the Roman senate on April 22, 238 after the failure of Gordian I and Gordian II to defeat the usurper Maximinus Thrax.- Pupienus :Pupienus, born about 178, was an example of ascension in the...

     (238), Roman Emperor, in Rome by the Praetorian Guard
  • Volusianus
    Volusianus
    Volusianus , also known as Volusian, was a Roman Emperor from 251 to 253.He was son to Gaius Vibius Trebonianus Gallus by his wife Afinia Gemina Baebiana. He is known to have had a sister, Vibia Galla....

     (253), Roman Emperor, near Interamna by his troops
  • Trebonianus Gallus
    Trebonianus Gallus
    Trebonianus Gallus , also known as Gallus, was Roman Emperor from 251 to 253, in a joint rule with his son Volusianus.-Early life:Gallus was born in Italy, in a family with respected ancestry of Etruscan senatorial background. He had two children in his marriage with Afinia Gemina Baebiana: Gaius...

     (253), Roman Emperor, near Interamna by his troops
  • Aurelian
    Aurelian
    Aurelian , was Roman Emperor from 270 to 275. During his reign, he defeated the Alamanni after a devastating war. He also defeated the Goths, Vandals, Juthungi, Sarmatians, and Carpi. Aurelian restored the Empire's eastern provinces after his conquest of the Palmyrene Empire in 273. The following...

     (275), Roman Emperor, near Caenophrurium (modern-day Corlu
    Çorlu
    Çorlu is a northwestern Turkish city in inland Eastern Thrace that falls under the administration of the Province of Tekirdağ. It is a rapidly developing industrial center built on flatland located off the E80 highway between Istanbul and Turkey's border with Greece and Bulgaria. As of the 2000...

    )
  • Florianus
    Florianus
    -Biography: Florian was reportedly a maternal half-brother to the Emperor Marcus Claudius Tacitus. Appointed Praetorian Prefect in Tacitus's army in his campaign against the Goths, according to the available sources, he was chosen by the army in the West to succeed Tacitus in 276, without the...

     (276), Roman Emperor, near Tarsus
    Tarsus (city)
    Tarsus is a historic city in south-central Turkey, 20 km inland from the Mediterranean Sea. It is part of the Adana-Mersin Metropolitan Area, the fourth-largest metropolitan area in Turkey with a population of 2.75 million...

  • Giuliano de' Medici
    Giuliano di Piero de' Medici
    Giuliano de' Medici was the second son of Piero de' Medici and Lucrezia Tornabuoni. As co-ruler of Florence, with his brother Lorenzo the Magnificent, he complemented his brother's image as the "patron of the arts" with his own image as the handsome, sporting, "golden boy."-Death:As the opening...

     (1478), co-ruler of Florence
  • Giovanni Borgia (1497), Duke of Gandia
    Duke of Gandia
    The hereditary Spanish title duke of Gandía was created in 1485 by Ferdinand II of Aragon from the original Italian title "duke of Candia" belonging to the Italian Stato di Mare or Italian Kingdoms of the Mediterranean Sea; originally granted around 1206 to a Genoan marquis member of the House of...

    , son of Pope Alexander VI
    Pope Alexander VI
    Pope Alexander VI , born Roderic Llançol i Borja was Pope from 1492 until his death on 18 August 1503. He is one of the most controversial of the Renaissance popes, and his Italianized surname—Borgia—became a byword for the debased standards of the Papacy of that era, most notoriously the Banquet...

  • Pellegrino Rossi
    Pellegrino Rossi
    Pellegrino Rossi was an Italian economist, politician and jurist. He was an important figure of the July Monarchy in France, and the Minister of Justice in the government of the Papal States, under Pope Pius IX.-Biography:...

     (1848), Papal States
    Papal States
    The Papal State, State of the Church, or Pontifical States were among the major historical states of Italy from roughly the 6th century until the Italian peninsula was unified in 1861 by the Kingdom of Piedmont-Sardinia .The Papal States comprised territories under...

     Minister of Justice
  • Umberto I of Italy
    Umberto I of Italy
    Umberto I or Humbert I , nicknamed the Good , was the King of Italy from 9 January 1878 until his death. He was deeply loathed in far-left circles, especially among anarchists, because of his conservatism and support of the Bava-Beccaris massacre in Milan...

     (1900 July 29), King of Italy
  • Said Halim Pasha
    Said Halim Pasha
    Said Halim Pasha , Ottoman Empire Grand Vizier from 1913-17. Born in Cairo, Egypt, he was the grandson of Muhammad Ali of Egypt, "founder of modern Egypt". The "Pasha" in his name is an honorific that translates in English to "Lord", or "Lord Said Halim".He was one of the signers in Ottoman-German...

     (1921), former Ottoman Prime Minister
  • Giacomo Matteotti
    Giacomo Matteotti
    Giacomo Matteotti was an Italian socialist politician. On 30 May 1924, he openly spoke in the Italian Parliament alleging the Fascists committed fraud in the recently held elections, and denounced the violence they used to gain votes...

     (1924 June 10), Italian socialist politician
  • Luigj Gurakuqi
    Luigj Gurakuqi
    Luigj Gurakuqi was an Albanian writer and politician. He was an important figure of the Albanian National Awakening and was honoured with the People's Hero of Albania medal.- Life :...

     (1925), Albanian
    Albanians
    Albanians are a nation and ethnic group native to Albania and neighbouring countries. They speak the Albanian language. More than half of all Albanians live in Albania and Kosovo...

     independence leader, in Bari
    Bari
    Bari is the capital city of the province of Bari and of the Apulia region, on the Adriatic Sea, in Italy. It is the second most important economic centre of mainland Southern Italy after Naples, and is well known as a port and university city, as well as the city of Saint Nicholas...

  • Benito Mussolini
    Benito Mussolini
    Benito Amilcare Andrea Mussolini was an Italian politician who led the National Fascist Party and is credited with being one of the key figures in the creation of Fascism....

     (1945 April 28), fascist, former Prime Minister of Italy
    Prime minister of Italy
    The Prime Minister of Italy is the head of government of the Italian Republic...

  • Enrico Mattei
    Enrico Mattei
    Enrico Mattei was an Italian public administrator. After World War II he was given the task of dismantling the Italian Petroleum Agency Agip, a state enterprise established by the Fascist regime. Instead Mattei enlarged and reorganized it into the National Fuel Trust Ente Nazionale Idrocarburi...

     (1962), Italian public head officer, head of Eni
    Eni
    Eni S.p.A. is an Italian multinational oil and gas company, present in 70 countries, and currently Italy's largest industrial company with a market capitalization of 87.7 billion euros , as of July 24, 2008...

     oil company, supported Algerian independence
    Algerian War of Independence
    The Algerian War was a conflict between France and Algerian independence movements from 1954 to 1962, which led to Algeria's gaining its independence from France...

  • Pier Paolo Pasolini
    Pier Paolo Pasolini
    Pier Paolo Pasolini was an Italian film director, poet, writer, and intellectual. Pasolini distinguished himself as a poet, journalist, philosopher, linguist, novelist, playwright, filmmaker, newspaper and magazine columnist, actor, painter and political figure...

     (1975), Italian writer, poet and film director
  • Aldo Moro
    Aldo Moro
    Aldo Moro was an Italian politician and the 39th Prime Minister of Italy, from 1963 to 1968, and then from 1974 to 1976. He was one of Italy's longest-serving post-war Prime Ministers, holding power for a combined total of more than six years....

     (1978), former Prime Minister of Italy
    Prime minister of Italy
    The Prime Minister of Italy is the head of government of the Italian Republic...

  • Giuseppe Impastato
    Giuseppe Impastato
    Giuseppe Impastato, also known as Peppino , was a political activist who opposed the Mafia that ordered his murder in 1978.-Childhood:...

     (1978), Anti-mafia activist
  • Cesare Terranova
    Cesare Terranova
    Cesare Terranova was a magistrate and politician from Sicily notable for his anti-Mafia stance. From 1958 until 1971 Terranova was an examining magistrate at the Palermo prosecuting office. He was one of the first to seriously investigate the Mafia and the financial operations of Cosa Nostra. He...

     (1979), magistrate
  • Carlo Alberto Dalla Chiesa
    Carlo Alberto Dalla Chiesa
    Carlo Alberto Dalla Chiesa was a general of the Italian carabinieri notable for campaigning against terrorism during the 1970s in Italy, and later assassinated by the Mafia in Palermo.-Biography:...

     (1982), General of the Carabinieri Corps
    Carabinieri
    The Carabinieri is the national gendarmerie of Italy, policing both military and civilian populations, and is a branch of the armed forces.-Early history:...

    , investigating on the mafia
  • Rocco Chinnici
    Rocco Chinnici
    Rocco Chinnici was a noted Italian Antimafia magistrate killed by the Mafia.-Life:Born at Misilmeri, Chinnici graduated in law at the University of Palermo in 1947 and started working as a magistrate in 1952 in Trapani. In 1966 he moved to the prosecutors office in Palermo...

     (1983), magistrate
  • Giovanni Falcone
    Giovanni Falcone
    Giovanni Falcone was an Sicilian/Italian prosecuting magistrate born in Palermo, Sicily. From his office in the Palace of Justice in Palermo, he spent most of his professional life trying to overthrow the power of the Mafia in Sicily...

     (1992), anti-mafia
    Mafia
    The Mafia is a criminal syndicate that emerged in the mid-nineteenth century in Sicily, Italy. It is a loose association of criminal groups that share a common organizational structure and code of conduct, and whose common enterprise is protection racketeering...

     judge
  • Paolo Borsellino
    Paolo Borsellino
    Paolo Borsellino was an Italian anti-Mafia magistrate who was killed by a Mafia car bomb in Palermo, less than two months after his fellow anti-Mafia magistrate Giovanni Falcone had been assassinated....

     (1992), anti-mafia judge
  • Salvo Lima (1992), politician
    Politician
    A politician, political leader, or political figure is an individual who is involved in influencing public policy and decision making...

  • Marco Biagi
    Marco Biagi
    Marco Biagi was an Italian jurist. A native of Bologna, he was professor of labour law and industrial relations at the University of Modena....

     (2002), Italian Labor Ministry advisor

Montenegro

  • Danilo II of Montenegro,(1860),killed in Kotor
    Kotor
    Kotor is a coastal city in Montenegro. It is located in a secluded part of the Gulf of Kotor. The city has a population of 13,510 and is the administrative center of the municipality....

    ,then Austria-Hungary
    Austria-Hungary
    Austria-Hungary , more formally known as the Kingdoms and Lands Represented in the Imperial Council and the Lands of the Holy Hungarian Crown of Saint Stephen, was a constitutional monarchic union between the crowns of the Austrian Empire and the Kingdom of Hungary in...

     by a member of Bjelopavlici
    Bjelopavlici (clan)
    Bjelopavlići is a Serb clan and region in central Montenegro . The clan is situated around Danilovgrad.-History:The Bjelopavlići are first mentioned Serbian documents dated to 1411, when they, together with Malonšići, Ozrinići and Maznići loot a ship from Dubrovnik. The eponymous founder, Bijeli...

     tribe

  • Sekula Drljević
    Sekula Drljevic
    Sekula Drljević, also transcribed as Sekule Drljević , was a WWII Montenegrin Nazi-fascist collaborator....

     (1945), Montenegrin nationalist

Netherlands

  • Saint Boniface
    Saint Boniface
    Saint Boniface , the Apostle of the Germans, born Winfrid, Wynfrith, or Wynfryth in the kingdom of Wessex, probably at Crediton , was a missionary who propagated Christianity in the Frankish Empire during the 8th century. He is the patron saint of Germany and the first archbishop of Mainz...

     (754), Christian missionary
  • Conrad, Bishop of Utrecht
    Conrad, Bishop of Utrecht
    Conrad was bishop of Utrecht between 1076 and 1099.Before becoming bishop he was chamberlain of Archbishop Anno II of Cologne and, for a time, tutor of Prince Henry, the future Emperor Henry IV...

     (1099)
  • Count Floris V
    Floris V, Count of Holland
    Count Floris V of Holland and Zeeland , "der Keerlen God" , is one of the most important figures of the first, native dynasty of Holland . His life was documented in detail in the Rijmkroniek by Melis Stoke, his chronicler...

     (1296)
  • Duke John of Straubing-Holland (1425)
  • William I of Orange (1584), leader of the Dutch
    Netherlands
    The Netherlands is a constituent country of the Kingdom of the Netherlands, located mainly in North-West Europe and with several islands in the Caribbean. Mainland Netherlands borders the North Sea to the north and west, Belgium to the south, and Germany to the east, and shares maritime borders...

     war of independence from Spanish rule (Eighty Years' War)
  • Isaac Dorislaus
    Isaac Dorislaus
    Isaac Dorislaus was an Anglo-Dutch lawyer and diplomat.He was the son of a minister of the Dutch Reformed Church. He was educated at Leiden, removed to England about 1627, and was appointed to a lectureship in history at Cambridge, where his attempt to justify the Dutch revolt against Spain led to...

     (1649), diplomat
  • Johan de Witt
    Johan de Witt
    Johan de Witt, heer van Zuid- en Noord-Linschoten, Snelrewaard, Hekendorp and IJsselveere was a key figure in Dutch politics in the mid 17th century, when its flourishing sea trade in a period of globalization made the United Provinces a leading European power during the Dutch Golden Age...

     (1672), politician, and his brother
  • Cornelis de Witt
    Cornelis de Witt
    Cornelis de Witt was a Dutch politician.-Biography:Cornelis de Witt was a member of the old Dutch patrician family De Witt. He was born on 15 June 1623 in Dordrecht, Holland, Dutch Republic...

     (1672)
  • Gerrit Jan Heijn
    Gerrit Jan Heijn
    Gerrit Jan Heijn was a Dutch businessman, who was a top manager of Ahold until his death in 1987. His grandfather was Albert Heijn, who originally founded the family business, and his older brother was also named Albert Heijn, who was the founder of Ahold...

     (1987), top manager of Ahold
  • Pim Fortuyn
    Pim Fortuyn
    Wilhelmus Simon Petrus Fortuijn, known as Pim Fortuyn was a Dutch politician, civil servant, sociologist, author and professor who formed his own party, Pim Fortuyn List ....

     (2002), publicist and politician, leader of his political party
  • Theo van Gogh
    Theo van Gogh (film director)
    Theodoor "Theo" van Gogh was a Dutch film director, film producer, columnist, author and actor.Van Gogh worked with the Somali-born writer Ayaan Hirsi Ali to produce the film Submission, which criticized the treatment of women in Islam and aroused controversy among Muslims...

     (2004), film director, writer and critic

Norway

  • Harald IV of Norway
    Harald IV of Norway
    Harald Gille was king of Norway from 1130 until his death in 1136. His byname Gille is probably from Gilla Críst, i.e. servant of Christ.-Background:...

     (1136), King assassinated by a pretender to the throne.
  • Ahmed Bouchiki (1973), civilian, mistakenly believed to be Ali Hassan Salameh
    Ali Hassan Salameh
    Ali Hassan Salameh was the chief of operations—code name Abu Hassan—for Black September, the organization responsible for the 1972 Munich massacre and other attacks. He was also the founder of Force 17...

    , assassinated in Lillehammer
    Lillehammer
    is a town and municipality in Oppland county, Norway, globally known for hosting the 1994 Winter Olympics. It is part of the traditional region of Gudbrandsdal. The administrative centre of the municipality is the town of Lillehammer. As of May 2011, the population of the town of Lillehammer was...

     by Israeli Mossad
    Mossad
    The Mossad , short for HaMossad leModi'in uleTafkidim Meyuchadim , is the national intelligence agency of Israel....

     agents.

Ottoman Empire

  • Mehmed Sokollu (1579), Grand Vizier
    Vizier
    A vizier or in Arabic script ; ; sometimes spelled vazir, vizir, vasir, wazir, vesir, or vezir) is a high-ranking political advisor or minister in a Muslim government....

     of Suleyman the Magnificent
  • Osman II
    Osman II
    Sultan Osman II or Othman II was the Sultan of the Ottoman Empire from 1618 until his death on 20 May 1622...

     (1622), Sultan
    Sultan
    Sultan is a title with several historical meanings. Originally, it was an Arabic language abstract noun meaning "strength", "authority", "rulership", and "dictatorship", derived from the masdar سلطة , meaning "authority" or "power". Later, it came to be used as the title of certain rulers who...

     of the Ottoman Empire
    Ottoman Empire
    The Ottoman EmpireIt was usually referred to as the "Ottoman Empire", the "Turkish Empire", the "Ottoman Caliphate" or more commonly "Turkey" by its contemporaries...

  • Mahmud Sevket Pasha
    Mahmud Sevket Pasha
    Mahmud Shevket Pasha was an Ottoman general and statesman of Arab and Georgian descent. Some sources also note Chechen or Circassian ancestry. He was born in Baghdad where he finished his primary education before going on to the Military Academy in Constantinople. He joined the army in 1882 as...

     (1913 January 23), Grand Vizier of the Ottoman Empire
  • Celal Pasha (1929), former Ottoman Minister for the Navy, in Istanbul
    Istanbul
    Istanbul , historically known as Byzantium and Constantinople , is the largest city of Turkey. Istanbul metropolitan province had 13.26 million people living in it as of December, 2010, which is 18% of Turkey's population and the 3rd largest metropolitan area in Europe after London and...

    , due to his role in the Armenian Genocide
    Armenian Genocide
    The Armenian Genocide—also known as the Armenian Holocaust, the Armenian Massacres and, by Armenians, as the Great Crime—refers to the deliberate and systematic destruction of the Armenian population of the Ottoman Empire during and just after World War I...

    .

Poland

  • Stanisław Szczepanowski (1079), Bishop of Kraków (now a saint
    Saint
    A saint is a holy person. In various religions, saints are people who are believed to have exceptional holiness.In Christian usage, "saint" refers to any believer who is "in Christ", and in whom Christ dwells, whether in heaven or in earth...

    )
  • Gabriel Narutowicz
    Gabriel Narutowicz
    Gabriel Narutowicz was a Lithuanian-born professor of hydroelectric engineering at Switzerland's Zurich Polytechnic, and Poland's Minister of Public Works , Minister of Foreign Affairs , and the first president of the Second Polish Republic....

     (December 16, 1922), President of Poland
  • Bronisław Pieracki (June 15, 1934), Minister of Interior of Poland
    Ministry of Interior and Administration of the Republic of Poland
    Ministry of the Interior and Administration is an administration structure controlling main administration and security branches of the Polish government. Current Minister is Jerzy Miller.-History and function:...

  • Franz Kutschera
    Franz Kutschera
    Franz Kutschera was an SS General and Gauleiter of Carinthia...

     (1944), German SS general and chief of police, by Polish resistance
  • Jerzy Popiełuszko (1984), Polish priest, by the communist political police
  • Marek Papała (1998), chief of the police, believed to be by the mafia

Portugal

  • Viriathus
    Viriathus
    Viriathus was the most important leader of the Lusitanian people that resisted Roman expansion into the regions of Western Hispania , where the Roman province of Lusitania would be established...

     (139 BC), leader of the Lusitanian
    Lusitanians
    The Lusitanians were an Indo-European people living in the Western Iberian Peninsula long before it became the Roman province of Lusitania . They spoke the Lusitanian language which might have been Celtic. The modern Portuguese people see the Lusitanians as their ancestors...

     people that resisted Roman expansion over the regions of Western Iberia
  • Inês de Castro
    Inês de Castro
    Inês Peres de Castro was a Galician noblewoman born of a Portuguese mother...

     (1355), posthumously declared Queen of Portugal
  • Carlos I of Portugal
    Carlos I of Portugal
    -Assassination:On 1 February 1908 the royal family returned from the palace of Vila Viçosa to Lisbon. They travelled by train to Barreiro and, from there, they took a steamer to cross the Tagus River and disembarked at Cais do Sodré in central Lisbon. On their way to the royal palace, the open...

     (1908 February 1), King and
  • Luiz Filipe of Portugal
    Luís Filipe, Duke of Braganza
    -Titles and Styles:*21 March 1887-19 October 1889 - His Royal Highness The Prince of Beira, Duke of Barcelos*19 October 1889-1 February 1908 - His Royal Highness The Prince Royal of Portugal, Duke of Braganza-Arms:...

     (1908 February 1), Crown Prince
  • Sidónio Pais
    Sidónio Pais
    Sidónio Bernardino Cardoso da Silva Pais was a Portuguese politician and diplomat, the fourth President in 1918. He was known as the President-King.-Family:...

     (1918), President
  • Humberto Delgado
    Humberto Delgado
    Humberto da Silva Delgado, GCL was a General of the Portuguese Air Force and politician.Delgado was born in Brogueira, Torres Novas. He was the son of Joaquim Delgado and wife Maria do Ó Pereira and had three younger sisters, Deolinda, Aida and Lídia....

     (1965), General, Presidential Candidate
  • Issam Sartawi
    Issam Sartawi
    Dr Issam Sartawi was a senior member of the Palestine Liberation Organization .-Medical background:Issam Sartawi attended university in Baghdad, graduating in medicine, before specializing in cardiology and getting his MD in the United States.-Politics:Sartawi returned to Palestine in 1967, joined...

     (1983), member of the Palestine Liberation Organization
    Palestine Liberation Organization
    The Palestine Liberation Organization is a political and paramilitary organization which was created in 1964. It is recognized as the "sole legitimate representative of the Palestinian people" by the United Nations and over 100 states with which it holds diplomatic relations, and has enjoyed...

    , shot in an hotel

Romania

  • Mihai Viteazul (1601), Ruler of Wallachia
    Wallachia
    Wallachia or Walachia is a historical and geographical region of Romania. It is situated north of the Danube and south of the Southern Carpathians...

    , Moldavia
    Moldavia
    Moldavia is a geographic and historical region and former principality in Eastern Europe, corresponding to the territory between the Eastern Carpathians and the Dniester river...

     and Transylvania
    Transylvania
    Transylvania is a historical region in the central part of Romania. Bounded on the east and south by the Carpathian mountain range, historical Transylvania extended in the west to the Apuseni Mountains; however, the term sometimes encompasses not only Transylvania proper, but also the historical...

  • Barbu Catargiu
    Barbu Catargiu
    Barbu Catargiu was a conservative Romanian journalist and politician. He was the first Prime Minister of Romania in 1862 until he was assassinated on 20 June that year...

     (1862), Prime Minister of Romania
    Prime Minister of Romania
    The Prime Minister of Romania is the head of the Government of Romania. Initially, the office was styled President of the Council of Ministers , when the term "Government" included more than the Cabinet, and the Cabinet was called The Council of Ministers...

  • Ion Duca (1933), Prime Minister of Romania
  • Corneliu Zelea Codreanu
    Corneliu Zelea Codreanu
    Corneliu Zelea Codreanu was a Romanian politician of the far right, the founder and charismatic leader of the Iron Guard or The Legion of the Archangel Michael , an ultra-nationalist and violently antisemitic organization active throughout most of the interwar period...

     (1938), politician
  • Armand Călinescu
    Armand Calinescu
    Armand Călinescu was a Romanian economist and politician, who served as Prime Minister between March 1939 and the time of his death.-Early life:...

     (1939), Prime Minister of Romania
  • Nicolae Iorga
    Nicolae Iorga
    Nicolae Iorga was a Romanian historian, politician, literary critic, memoirist, poet and playwright. Co-founder of the Democratic Nationalist Party , he served as a member of Parliament, President of the Deputies' Assembly and Senate, cabinet minister and briefly as Prime Minister...

     (1940), former Prime Minister of Romania, historian
  • Virgil Madgearu
    Virgil Madgearu
    Virgil Traian N. Madgearu was a Romanian economist, sociologist, and left-wing politician, prominent member and main theorist of the Peasants' Party and of its successor, the National Peasants' Party...

     (1940), politician
  • Constantin Tănase
    Constantin Tanase
    Constantin Tănase was a Romanian actor and writer for stage, a key figure in the revue style of theater in Romania.-Life:Born into a working-class family living in a peasant house in Vaslui, Romania...

     (1945), actor
  • Danny Huwe
    Danny Huwé
    thumbDanny Huwé was a Belgian journalist who was working for vtm at the time of his death.He was born in 1943 in Geraardsbergen , and killed on 23 or 24 December 1989 in Bucharest during the Romanian Revolution. He was shot by a sniper who thought that Huwé was loyal to Nicolae Ceauşescu...

     (1989) Belgian journalist

Serbia

  • Karađorđe Petrović (1817) Leader of the First Serbian Uprising
  • Mihailo Obrenović (1868) Prince of Serbia
  • Aleksandar Obrenović
    Aleksandar Obrenovic
      Not to be confused with Alexander I of Yugoslavia.Alexander I or Aleksandar Obrenović was king of Serbia from 1889 to 1903 when he and his wife, Queen Draga, were assassinated by a group of Army officers, led by Colonel Dragutin Dimitrijević-Accession:In 1889 Alexander's father, King Milan,...

     (1903) King of Serbia, along with Draga Mašin, Queen Consort
  • Aleksandar Karađorđević
    Alexander I of Yugoslavia
    Alexander I , also known as Alexander the Unifier was the first king of the Kingdom of Yugoslavia as well as the last king of the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes .-Childhood:...

     (1934) King of Yugoslavia
  • Zoran Đinđić (2003) Prime Minister of Serbia

Spain


  • Juan Prim
    Juan Prim
    Don Juan or Joan Prim, Marquis of los Castillejos, Grandee of Spain, Count of Reus, Viscount of the Bruch was a Spanish general and statesman.-Life:...

     (1870), Prime Minister of Spain
    Prime Minister of Spain
    The President of the Government of Spain , sometimes known in English as the Prime Minister of Spain, is the head of Government of Spain. The current office is established under the Constitution of 1978...

     and Governor of Puerto Rico
    Governor of Puerto Rico
    The Governor of Puerto Rico is the Head of Government of the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico. Since 1948, the Governor has been elected by the people of Puerto Rico...

  • Antonio Cánovas del Castillo
    Antonio Cánovas del Castillo
    Antonio Cánovas del Castillo was a Spanish politician and historian known principally for his role in supporting the restoration of the Bourbon monarchy to the Spanish throne and for his death at the hands of an anarchist assassin, Michele Angiolillo.-Early career:Born in Málaga as the son of...

     (1897), Prime Minister of Spain shot by Michele Angiolillo
    Michele Angiolillo
    Michele Angiolillo Lombardi was an Italian anarchist, born in Foggia, and murderer of Spanish Prime Minister Antonio Cánovas in 1897.-Barcelona bombing and Montjuïc repression:...

     in Mondragón, Guipúzcoa.
  • José Canalejas
    José Canalejas
    José Canalejas y Méndez was a Spanish politician, born in Ferrol.-Early life:Canalejas graduated in 1871 from the University of Madrid, took his Galicia doctor's degree in 1872 and became a lecturer on literature in 1873...

     (1912), Prime Minister of Spain
  • Eduardo Dato Iradier (1921), Prime Minister of Spain
  • José Castillo
    José Castillo (Spanish Civil War)
    José del Castillo Sáez de Tejada or José Castillo was a Spanish Police Guardia de Asalto lieutenant during the Second Spanish Republic...

     (1936, Spanish Socialist Workers' Party
    Spanish Socialist Workers' Party
    The Spanish Socialist Workers' Party is a social-democratic political party in Spain. Its political position is Centre-left. The PSOE is the former ruling party of Spain, until beaten in the elections of November 2011 and the second oldest, exceeded only by the Partido Carlista, founded in...

     lieutenant in the Assault Guards
  • José Calvo Sotelo
    José Calvo Sotelo
    José Calvo Sotelo, 1st Duke of Calvo Sotelo was a Spanish politician prior to and during the Second Spanish Republic...

     (1936), right-wing politician
  • Federico García Lorca
    Federico García Lorca
    Federico del Sagrado Corazón de Jesús García Lorca was a Spanish poet, dramatist and theatre director. García Lorca achieved international recognition as an emblematic member of the Generation of '27. He is believed to be one of thousands who were summarily shot by anti-communist death squads...

     (1936), Spanish
    Spain
    Spain , officially the Kingdom of Spain languages]] under the European Charter for Regional or Minority Languages. In each of these, Spain's official name is as follows:;;;;;;), is a country and member state of the European Union located in southwestern Europe on the Iberian Peninsula...

     poet
    Poetry
    Poetry is a form of literary art in which language is used for its aesthetic and evocative qualities in addition to, or in lieu of, its apparent meaning...

     and drama
    Drama
    Drama is the specific mode of fiction represented in performance. The term comes from a Greek word meaning "action" , which is derived from "to do","to act" . The enactment of drama in theatre, performed by actors on a stage before an audience, presupposes collaborative modes of production and a...

    tist, by fascists
  • Raoul Villain
    Raoul Villain
    Raoul Villain was a French nationalist primarily remembered for his assassination of the French socialist leader Jean Jaurès on July 31, 1914 in Paris.-Early life and background:Villain was born in Reims, Marne, France...

     (1936), assassin of Jean Jaurès
    Jean Jaurès
    Jean Léon Jaurès was a French Socialist leader. Initially an Opportunist Republican, he evolved into one of the first social democrats, becoming the leader, in 1902, of the French Socialist Party, which opposed Jules Guesde's revolutionary Socialist Party of France. Both parties merged in 1905 in...

  • Andrés Nin
    Andrés Nin
    Andreu Nin i Pérez was a Spanish Communist revolutionary.- Early life :...

     (1937), Spanish
    Spain
    Spain , officially the Kingdom of Spain languages]] under the European Charter for Regional or Minority Languages. In each of these, Spain's official name is as follows:;;;;;;), is a country and member state of the European Union located in southwestern Europe on the Iberian Peninsula...

     Communist
    Communism
    Communism is a social, political and economic ideology that aims at the establishment of a classless, moneyless, revolutionary and stateless socialist society structured upon common ownership of the means of production...

     revolutionary
  • Mohamed Khider
    Mohamed Khider
    Mohamed Khider was an Algerian politician.-War years and imprisonment:Mohamed Khider was one of the original leaders of the Front de Libération nationale , having been previously active in its nationalist predecessors, the Étoile Nord-Africaine and Parti du Peuple Algerien of Messali Hadj...

     (1967), Algerian politician, in Madrid
    Madrid
    Madrid is the capital and largest city of Spain. The population of the city is roughly 3.3 million and the entire population of the Madrid metropolitan area is calculated to be 6.271 million. It is the third largest city in the European Union, after London and Berlin, and its metropolitan...

  • Melitón Manzanas
    Melitón Manzanas
    Melitón Manzanas González was a high-ranking police officer in Francoist Spain, known as a torturer and the first planned victim of ETA....

     (1968), secret police officer
  • Luis Carrero Blanco
    Luis Carrero Blanco
    Don Luis Carrero Blanco, 1st Duke of Carrero Blanco, Grandee of Spain was a Spanish admiral and long-time confidant of dictator Francisco Franco.- Biography :...

     (1973 December 20), Spanish prime minister
  • Miguel Ángel Blanco
    Miguel Ángel Blanco
    Miguel Ángel Blanco Garrido was a local Spanish politician for the People's Party, who was kidnapped and subsequently executed by the Basque terrorist group ETA.-Early life:...

     (1997), Basque
    Basque people
    The Basques as an ethnic group, primarily inhabit an area traditionally known as the Basque Country , a region that is located around the western end of the Pyrenees on the coast of the Bay of Biscay and straddles parts of north-central Spain and south-western France.The Basques are known in the...

     politician, by ETA
    ETA
    ETA , an acronym for Euskadi Ta Askatasuna is an armed Basque nationalist and separatist organization. The group was founded in 1959 and has since evolved from a group promoting traditional Basque culture to a paramilitary group with the goal of gaining independence for the Greater Basque Country...

  • Fernando Buesa Blanco
    Fernando Buesa
    Fernando Buesa Blanco was a Spanish Basque politician in the Basque Christian Democracy and in the Socialist Party of Euskadi - Euskadiko Ezkerra branch of the social democratic Spanish Socialist Workers' Party...

     (2000), Basque
    Basque people
    The Basques as an ethnic group, primarily inhabit an area traditionally known as the Basque Country , a region that is located around the western end of the Pyrenees on the coast of the Bay of Biscay and straddles parts of north-central Spain and south-western France.The Basques are known in the...

     politician and party leader
  • Ernest Lluch Martín
    Ernest Lluch
    Ernest Lluch Martín, was a Spanish economist and politician from Catalonia. He was Minister of Health and Consumption from 1982-1986 in the first post-Francisco Franco Spanish Socialist Workers' Party government of Felipe González...

     (2000), former Spanish minister

Sweden

  • King Sverker I of Sweden
    Sverker I of Sweden
    Sverker I or Sverker the Elder was King of Sweden from about 1130 till his death.-Biography:Sverker was a mighty landowner from Östergötland...

     (1156)
  • King Eric IX of Sweden
    Eric IX of Sweden
    Eric "IX" of Sweden, , also called Eric the Lawgiver, Erik the Saint, Eric the Holy and in Sweden Sankt Erik meaning Saint Eric was a Swedish king c.1155 – 1160...

     (1160)
  • King Charles VII of Sweden
    Charles VII of Sweden
    Charles "VII" also Carl , or Karl Sverkersson in Swedish , was ruler of Gothenland, and then King of Sweden from circa 1161 to 1167, when he was assassinated....

     (1167)
  • Engelbrekt Engelbrektsson
    Engelbrekt Engelbrektsson
    Engelbrekt Engelbrektsson was a Swedish rebel leader and later statesman. He was the leader of the Engelbrekt rebellion in 1434 against Eric of Pomerania, king of the Kalmar Union.-Biography:...

     (1436), statesman, Regent of Sweden
  • King Eric XIV of Sweden
    Eric XIV of Sweden
    -Family and descendants:Eric XIV had several relationships before his marriage. With Agda Persdotter he had four daughters:#Margareta Eriksdotter , married 1592 to Olov Simonsson, vicar of Horn....

     (1577), on order of his half-brother King John III of Sweden
    John III of Sweden
    -Family:John married his first wife, Catherine Jagellonica of Poland , house of Jagiello, in Vilnius on 4 October 1562. In Sweden, she is known as Katarina Jagellonica. She was the sister of king Sigismund II Augustus of Poland...

  • King Gustav III of Sweden
    Gustav III of Sweden
    Gustav III was King of Sweden from 1771 until his death. He was the eldest son of King Adolph Frederick and Queen Louise Ulrica of Sweden, she a sister of Frederick the Great of Prussia....

     (1792)
  • Axel von Fersen (1810), statesman, Grand Marshal of Sweden
  • Olof Palme
    Olof Palme
    Sven Olof Joachim Palme was a Swedish politician. A long-time protegé of Prime Minister Tage Erlander, Palme led the Swedish Social Democratic Party from 1969 to his assassination, and was a two-term Prime Minister of Sweden, heading a Privy Council Government from 1969 to 1976 and a cabinet...

     (1986 February 28), Swedish prime minister
  • Anna Lindh
    Anna Lindh
    Ylva Anna Maria Lindh was a Swedish Social Democratic politician, Chairman of the Social Democratic Youth League 1984-1990, Member of Parliament 1982-1985 and 1998-2003...

     (2003), Swedish foreign affairs minister

Switzerland

  • Albert I of Habsburg (1308), German
    Holy Roman Empire
    The Holy Roman Empire was a realm that existed from 962 to 1806 in Central Europe.It was ruled by the Holy Roman Emperor. Its character changed during the Middle Ages and the Early Modern period, when the power of the emperor gradually weakened in favour of the princes...

     King and Duke of Austria
    Austria
    Austria , officially the Republic of Austria , is a landlocked country of roughly 8.4 million people in Central Europe. It is bordered by the Czech Republic and Germany to the north, Slovakia and Hungary to the east, Slovenia and Italy to the south, and Switzerland and Liechtenstein to the...

    , by his nephew John Parricida
    John Parricida
    John Parricida, or John the Parricide or Johann Parricida , also called John of Swabia from the House of Habsburg was a son of Rudolf II, former Duke of Austria and Agnes, daughter of King Ottokar II Přemysl of Bohemia...

    , whom he had deprived of his inheritance, at Windisch
    Windisch
    Windisch is a municipality in the district of Brugg in the canton of Aargau in Switzerland.-History:Windisch is situated at the site of the Roman legion camp Vindonissa. In 1064 the current municipality was mentioned as Vinse, and in 1175 as Vindisse. Until the 19th Century the official name was...

     on the Reuss River
  • Jörg Jenatsch
    Jörg Jenatsch
    Jörg Jenatsch, commonly called Jürg or Jörg Jenatsch , was a Swiss political leader during the Thirty Years' War...

     (1639), in Chur
    Chur
    Chur or Coire is the capital of the Swiss canton of Graubünden and lies in the northern part of the canton.-History:The name "chur" derives perhaps from the Celtic kora or koria, meaning "tribe", or from the Latin curia....

  • Elisabeth
    Elisabeth of Bavaria
    Elisabeth of Austria was the spouse of Franz Joseph I, and therefore both Empress of Austria and Queen of Hungary. She also held the titles of Queen of Bohemia and Croatia, among others...

     ("Sisi") (1898), empress of Austria and queen of Hungary, in Geneva
    Geneva
    Geneva In the national languages of Switzerland the city is known as Genf , Ginevra and Genevra is the second-most-populous city in Switzerland and is the most populous city of Romandie, the French-speaking part of Switzerland...

  • Wilhelm Gustloff
    Wilhelm Gustloff
    Wilhelm Gustloff was the German leader of the NSDAP party in Switzerland; he founded the Swiss branch of the party at Davos in 1932., which grouped Nazi party members who lived outside the German Reich....

     (1936), German leader of the Swiss Nazi party
  • Félix-Roland Moumié
    Félix-Roland Moumié
    Félix-Roland Moumié was a Cameroonian leader, assassinated in Geneva on 3 November 1960 by the SDECE with thallium. Félix-Roland Moumié succeeded Ruben Um Nyobe, who was killed in September 1958, as leader of the Union des Populations du Cameroun .- See also :*Colonialism and...

     (1960), successor to Ruben Um Nyobe
    Ruben Um Nyobé
    Ruben Um Nyobé was an anti-imperialist Cameroonian leader, slain by the French army on 13 September 1958, near his natal village of Boumnyebel, in the department of Nyong-et-Kellé in the maquis Bassa. He created on 10 April 1948 the Cameroon's People Union , which used armed struggle to obtain...

     at the head of the UPC, assassinated by the SDECE (French secret services)
  • Kazem Rajavi
    Kazem Rajavi
    Dr. Kazem Rajavi was a renowned human rights advocate and elder brother of Iranian opposition leader Massoud Rajavi...

     (1990), Iranian opposition leader, in Geneva

Turkey


  • Mahmud Şevket Pasha
    Mahmud Sevket Pasha
    Mahmud Shevket Pasha was an Ottoman general and statesman of Arab and Georgian descent. Some sources also note Chechen or Circassian ancestry. He was born in Baghdad where he finished his primary education before going on to the Military Academy in Constantinople. He joined the army in 1882 as...

     (1913), prime minister
  • Mustafa Suphi
    Mustafa Suphi
    Mustafa Suphi was a Turkish communist leader .- Early Years :Suphi was educated in Jerusalem, Damascus and Erzurum before attending Galatasaray High School. He studied political science in Paris, where he was also a correspondent of the Turkish newspaper Tanin...

     (1921), communist leader
  • Abdi Ipekçi
    Abdi Ipekçi
    Abdi İpekçi was a Turkish journalist, intellectual and an activist for human rights. He was murdered while editor-in-chief of the Turkish daily newspaper Milliyet.-Biography:...

     (1979), journalist, Editor-in-Chief of Milliyet newspaper, by Mehmet Ali Ağca
    Mehmet Ali Agca
    Mehmet Ali Ağca is a Turkish assassin who murdered left-wing journalist Abdi İpekçi on February 1, 1979 and later shot and wounded Pope John Paul II on May 13, 1981, after escaping from a Turkish prison. After serving 19 years of imprisonment in Italy, he was deported to Turkey, where he served a...

     in Istanbul
  • Metin Yüksel
    Metin Yüksel
    Metin Yüksel , was a Kurdish Islamic political and social activist from Turkey. One of the main leaders of Turkey's Islamist movement during the 1970s, he also led the Akıncılar Organization, a Islamist political organization.-Early life:Yüksel was born on July 17, 1958 in the eastern Anatolian...

     (1979), Islamic political activist
  • Cavit Orhan Tütengil
    Cavit Orhan Tütengil
    Cavit Orhan Tütengil was a Turkish sociologist, writer and columnist, who was murdered.-Biography:He was born in Sebil, a village of Tarsus, in Mersin province of Turkey. Following his primary education in his hometown, he attended Haydarpaşa High school in Istanbul finishing in 1940...

     (1979), Academician and writer
  • Ümit Kaftancıoğlu
    Ümit Kaftancioglu
    Ümit Kaftancıoğlu was a Turkish TV producer, writer and columnist of the newspaper Cumhuriyet.-Biography:...

     (1980), Writer and TV producer
  • Kemal Türkler
    Kemal Türkler
    Kemal Türkler Turkish socialist trade union leader. He was founder and first president of Confederation of Revolutionary Trade Unions of Turkey , and also one of the founders of the Workers Party of Turkey in 1963.He worked as a metal worker for a long time...

     (1980), Labor union leader, by Grey Wolves
    Grey Wolves
    The Idealist Youth , commonly known as Grey Wolves , is an ultra-nationalist neo-fascist youth organization. It is accused of terrorism. According to Turkish authorities, the organization carried out 694 murders between 1974–1980.-Name:...

     in Istanbul
  • Nihat Erim
    Nihat Erim
    Ismail Nihat Erim was a Turkish politician and jurist. Nihat Erim was born in Kandıra to Raif Erim and Macide Erim. He served as the prime minister of Turkey from 1971 until 1972, for almost 14 months...

     (1980), former prime minister of Turkey
    Prime Minister of Turkey
    The Prime Minister of the Turkey is the head of government in Turkish politics. The prime minister is the leader of a political coalition in the Turkish parliament and the leader of the cabinet....

    , by a Dev Sol operative in Istanbul
  • Muammer Aksoy
    Muammer Aksoy
    Muammer Aksoy was a Turkish academic of law, politician, columnist and intellectual, who was assassinated by Islamic militants for being a Kemalist.-Biography:...

     (1990), University professor in Law, murdered in Ankara
  • Bahriye Üçok
    Bahriye Üçok
    Bahriye Üçok was a female Turkish academic of theology, left-wing politician, writer, columnist and women's rights activist, whose assassination in 1990, remains unresolved.-Biography:...

     (1990), University professor in Islam Studies and women's rights activist, in Istanbul
  • Turan Dursun
    Turan Dursun
    Turan Dursun was a Turkish Islamic scholar and a writer. His work heavily criticizes Islam and its founders.He first worked as a religious officer before becoming an atheist during his study of the history of monotheistic religions. Dursun wrote a number of books about religion, which included...

     (1990), Islamic scholar, author, and journalist, murdered in Ankara, unresolved.
  • Musa Anter
    Musa Anter
    Musa Anter, also known by nickname "Ape Musa" , , was a dissident Kurdish-Turkish writer and activist. He was a nationalist intellectual and murdered in September 1992....

     (1992), dissident Kurdish
    Kurds in Turkey
    Ethnic Kurds compose a significant portion of the population in Turkey . Unlike the Turks, the Kurds speak an Indo-European language...

     activist and writer, in Diyarbakır
    Diyarbakır
    Diyarbakır is one of the largest cities in southeastern Turkey...

    , unresolved, attributed to Turkish military intelligence (JITEM)
  • Uğur Mumcu
    Ugur Mumcu
    Uğur Mumcu was an intrepid Turkish investigative journalist for the leading Kemalist broadsheet, Cumhuriyet. He was assassinated with a bomb placed in his car, outside his home.- Biography :...

     (1993), A journalist of Cumhuriyet
    Cumhuriyet
    Cumhuriyet is a centre-left Turkish daily newspaper, founded on May 7, 1924 by journalist Yunus Nadi Abalıoğlu. Based in Istanbul, it has been situated since October 17, 2005 in Mecidiyeköy. Cumhuriyet was the last newspaper to leave the old press district Cağaloğlu...

    newspaper, assassinated in Ankara, murderers unknown yet.
  • Onat Kutlar (1995), writer, poet, founder of Cinemateque Istanbul, columnist for Cumhuriyet newspaper, murdered in Istanbul.
  • Özdemir Sabancı
    Özdemir Sabanci
    Özdemir Sabancı was a Turkish businessman and a second generation member of the Sabancı family.-Biography:He was born in Adana, Turkey. After finishing the high school at the Tarsus American College in Tarsus, province Mersin, he received his B.A...

     (1996), prominent industrialist and member of Sabancı
    Sabanci Holding
    Hacı Ömer Sabancı Holding A.Ş., abbreviated as Sabancı Holding, is the largest industrial and financial conglomerate in Turkey by profit. The holding is owned at about 75% by the Sabancı family, one of Turkey's wealthiest. 3% is owned by the Sabancı University and the Sabancı Foundation. The...

     family
  • Konca Kuriş
    Konca Kuris
    Konca Kuris was a 38 year old Turkish feminist who was murdered in Konya, Turkey on the 20 July 1999 after having disappeared in 1998. She was a former member of the Turkish Hizbollah, but later denounced it and criticised dogmatic interpretations of the Qur'an...

     (1998), Islamic feminist author, kidnapped and tortured to death in Mersin
    Mersin
    -Mersin today:Today, Mersin is a large city spreading out along the coast, with Turkey's second tallest skyscraper , huge hotels, an opera house, expensive real estate near the sea or up in the hills, and many other modern urban...

  • Ahmet Taner Kışlalı
    Ahmet Taner Kislali
    Ahmet Taner Kışlalı was a Turkish intellectual, political scientist, lawyer, journalist/author, academics and politician.-Biography:...

     (1999), Politician, former Minister of Culture, Ankara University professor in Political Science
    Political science
    Political Science is a social science discipline concerned with the study of the state, government and politics. Aristotle defined it as the study of the state. It deals extensively with the theory and practice of politics, and the analysis of political systems and political behavior...

    , Cumhuriyet newspaper columnist.
  • Üzeyir Garih
    Üzeyir Garih
    Üzeyir Garih was a prominent Turkish Jewish businessman and a cofounder of Alarko Holding.-Biography:...

     (2001), Turkish Jewish businessman and industrialist
  • Necip Hablemitoğlu
    Necip Hablemitoglu
    Dr Necip Hablemitoğlu was a Turkish historian and intellectual. He died as a result of assassination in front of his house in 2002. The perpetrators of this assassination still not found...

     (2002), Professor of history at Ankara University
    Ankara University
    Ankara University is a public university in Ankara, the capital city of Turkey. It was the first higher education institution founded in the Turkish Republic....

    , his assassination unresolved.
  • Mustafa Yücel Özbilgin
    Mustafa Yücel Özbilgin
    Mustafa Yücel Özbilgin was a Turkish supreme court magistrate, who was shot dead in the nation's supreme courtroom in Ankara, Turkey on May 17, 2006 by Alparslan Arslan....

     (2006), High Judge at Council of State
    Turkish Council of State
    The Turkish Council of State is the highest administrative court in the Republic of Turkey and is based in Ankara. Its role and tasks are prescribed by the Constitution of Turkey within the articles on the supreme courts....

    , by Alparslan Arslan
    Alparslan Arslan
    Alparslan Arslan is a Turkish criminal convicted for murdering Council of State member Mustafa Yücel Özbilgin, and wounding four others. He also took part in the bombing of the newspaper Cumhuriyet along with Osman Yıldırım, İsmail Sağır, and Erhan Timuroğlu. All of these events took place from...

     in Ankara.
  • Andrea Santoro
    Andrea Santoro
    Father Andrea Santoro was a Roman Catholic priest in Turkey, murdered in the Santa Maria Church in Trabzon where he served as a member of the Catholic Church's Fidei donum missionary program.On 5 September 2006 he was shot dead from behind while kneeling in prayer in the church...

     (2006), Roman Catholic priest, murdered in the Santa Maria Church in Trabzon.
  • Hrant Dink
    Hrant Dink
    Hrant Dink or Հրանտ Դինք ) was a Turkish citizen of Armenian descent editor, journalist and columnist....

     (2007), Turkish Armenian
    Armenians in Turkey
    Armenians in Turkey have an estimated population of 40,000 to 70,000 . Most are concentrated around Istanbul. The Armenians support their own newspapers and schools...

     Journalist, publisher of Turkish-Armenian newspaper Agos
    Agos
    Agos is an Armenian weekly newspaper published in Istanbul, Turkey. It was established on 5 April 1996. Today, it has a circulation of over 9,000. It has both Armenian and Turkish pages as well as an on-line English edition...

    , in Istanbul, currently unresolved, but has been continuously threatened by Turkish ultra-nationalists

United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland

  • Carausius
    Carausius
    Marcus Aurelius Mausaeus Valerius Carausius was a military commander of the Roman Empire in the 3rd century. He was a Menapian from Belgic Gaul, who usurped power in 286, declaring himself emperor in Britain and northern Gaul. He did this only 13 years after the Gallic Empire of the Batavian...

     (293), usurper of the Western Roman Empire
    Western Roman Empire
    The Western Roman Empire was the western half of the Roman Empire after its division by Diocletian in 285; the other half of the Roman Empire was the Eastern Roman Empire, commonly referred to today as the Byzantine Empire....

  • King Edmund I
    Edmund I of England
    Edmund I , called the Elder, the Deed-doer, the Just, or the Magnificent, was King of England from 939 until his death. He was a son of Edward the Elder and half-brother of Athelstan. Athelstan died on 27 October 939, and Edmund succeeded him as king.-Military threats:Shortly after his...

     (946), king of England
    England
    England is a country that is part of the United Kingdom. It shares land borders with Scotland to the north and Wales to the west; the Irish Sea is to the north west, the Celtic Sea to the south west, with the North Sea to the east and the English Channel to the south separating it from continental...

    , stabbed at a banquet
  • Edward the Martyr
    Edward the Martyr
    Edward the Martyr was king of the English from 975 until he was murdered in 978. Edward was the eldest son of King Edgar, but not his father's acknowledged heir...

     (979), King of England
    England
    England is a country that is part of the United Kingdom. It shares land borders with Scotland to the north and Wales to the west; the Irish Sea is to the north west, the Celtic Sea to the south west, with the North Sea to the east and the English Channel to the south separating it from continental...

  • Thomas Becket
    Thomas Becket
    Thomas Becket was Archbishop of Canterbury from 1162 until his murder in 1170. He is venerated as a saint and martyr by both the Roman Catholic Church and the Anglican Communion...

     (1170), Archbishop of Canterbury
    Archbishop of Canterbury
    The Archbishop of Canterbury is the senior bishop and principal leader of the Church of England, the symbolic head of the worldwide Anglican Communion, and the diocesan bishop of the Diocese of Canterbury. In his role as head of the Anglican Communion, the archbishop leads the third largest group...

  • John II Comyn, Lord of Badenoch
    John II Comyn, Lord of Badenoch
    John II Comyn, Lord of Badenoch and Lord of Lochaber or John "the Black", also known as Black Comyn, a Scottish nobleman, was a Guardian of Scotland, and one of the six Regents for Margaret, Maid of Norway...

     (1306), killed by Robert the Bruce
  • Sir Robert Hales
    Robert Hales
    Sir Robert Hales, also called Robert de Hales, was born about 1325 in Hales Place, High Halden, Kent, the son of Nicholas Hales.In 1372 Robert Hales became the Lord/Grand Prior of the Knights Hospitallers of England. Richard II appointed him Lord High Treasurer, so he was responsible for collecting...

     - Lord High Treasurer - (1381) - Beheaded at Tower Hill by rebels during the Peasants' Revolt
    Peasants' Revolt
    The Peasants' Revolt, Wat Tyler's Rebellion, or the Great Rising of 1381 was one of a number of popular revolts in late medieval Europe and is a major event in the history of England. Tyler's Rebellion was not only the most extreme and widespread insurrection in English history but also the...

  • Simon of Sudbury - Lord Chancellor, Archbishop of Canterbury and Bishop of London - (1381) - Beheaded at Tower Hill by rebels during the Peasants' Revolt
    Peasants' Revolt
    The Peasants' Revolt, Wat Tyler's Rebellion, or the Great Rising of 1381 was one of a number of popular revolts in late medieval Europe and is a major event in the history of England. Tyler's Rebellion was not only the most extreme and widespread insurrection in English history but also the...

  • Sir John Cavendish
    John Cavendish
    Sir John Cavendish of Cavendish came from Cavendish, Suffolk, England. He and the village gave the name Cavendish to the aristocratic families, of the Dukedoms of Devonshire, Newcastle and Portland.-Biography:...

     - Chief Justice of the King's Bench, Chancellor of the University of Cambridge - (1381) - Beheaded in Bury St Edmunds by rebels during the Peasants' Revolt
    Peasants' Revolt
    The Peasants' Revolt, Wat Tyler's Rebellion, or the Great Rising of 1381 was one of a number of popular revolts in late medieval Europe and is a major event in the history of England. Tyler's Rebellion was not only the most extreme and widespread insurrection in English history but also the...

  • King James I of Scotland
    James I of Scotland
    James I, King of Scots , was the son of Robert III and Annabella Drummond. He was probably born in late July 1394 in Dunfermline as youngest of three sons...

  • William Douglas, 8th Earl of Douglas
    William Douglas, 8th Earl of Douglas
    William Douglas, 8th Earl of Douglas, 2nd Earl of Avondale was a Scottish nobleman. He was the eldest son of James Douglas, 7th Earl of Douglas and Beatrice Sinclair....

    , killed by James II of Scotland
  • Henry Stuart, Lord Darnley
    Henry Stuart, Lord Darnley
    Henry Stewart or Stuart, 1st Duke of Albany , styled Lord Darnley before 1565, was king consort of Scotland and murdered at Kirk o'Field...

     (1567), husband of Mary, Queen of Scots
  • James Stewart, 1st Earl of Moray
    James Stewart, 1st Earl of Moray
    James Stewart, 1st Earl of Moray , a member of the House of Stewart as the illegitimate son of King James V, was Regent of Scotland for his nephew, the infant King James VI of Scotland, from 1567 until his assassination in 1570...

     (1570), Regent of Scotland
    Scotland
    Scotland is a country that is part of the United Kingdom. Occupying the northern third of the island of Great Britain, it shares a border with England to the south and is bounded by the North Sea to the east, the Atlantic Ocean to the north and west, and the North Channel and Irish Sea to the...

  • George Villiers, 1st Duke of Buckingham
    George Villiers, 1st Duke of Buckingham
    George Villiers, 1st Duke of Buckingham KG was the favourite, claimed by some to be the lover, of King James I of England. Despite a very patchy political and military record, he remained at the height of royal favour for the first two years of the reign of Charles I, until he was assassinated...

     (1628)
  • James Sharp (1679), Archbishop of St Andrews
    Archbishop of St Andrews
    The Bishop of St. Andrews was the ecclesiastical head of the Diocese of St Andrews and then, as Archbishop of St Andrews , the Archdiocese of St Andrews.The name St Andrews is not the town or church's original name...

    , in Fife
    Fife
    Fife is a council area and former county of Scotland. It is situated between the Firth of Tay and the Firth of Forth, with inland boundaries to Perth and Kinross and Clackmannanshire...

    , near St Andrews
    St Andrews
    St Andrews is a university town and former royal burgh on the east coast of Fife in Scotland. The town is named after Saint Andrew the Apostle.St Andrews has a population of 16,680, making this the fifth largest settlement in Fife....

  • Spencer Perceval
    Spencer Perceval
    Spencer Perceval, KC was a British statesman and First Lord of the Treasury, making him de facto Prime Minister. He is the only British Prime Minister to have been assassinated...

     (1812), Prime Minister of the United Kingdom
    Prime Minister of the United Kingdom
    The Prime Minister of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland is the Head of Her Majesty's Government in the United Kingdom. The Prime Minister and Cabinet are collectively accountable for their policies and actions to the Sovereign, to Parliament, to their political party and...

    , in London
    London
    London is the capital city of :England and the :United Kingdom, the largest metropolitan area in the United Kingdom, and the largest urban zone in the European Union by most measures. Located on the River Thames, London has been a major settlement for two millennia, its history going back to its...

     by John Bellingham
    John Bellingham
    John Bellingham was the assassin of British Prime Minister Spencer Perceval. This murder was the only successful attempt on the life of a British Prime Minister...

    ; the only British
    United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland
    The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland was the formal name of the United Kingdom during the period when what is now the Republic of Ireland formed a part of it....

     prime minister to be assassinated
  • Sir Henry Hughes Wilson (1922 June 22), British
    United Kingdom
    The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern IrelandIn the United Kingdom and Dependencies, other languages have been officially recognised as legitimate autochthonous languages under the European Charter for Regional or Minority Languages...

     field marshal
    Field Marshal
    Field Marshal is a military rank. Traditionally, it is the highest military rank in an army.-Etymology:The origin of the rank of field marshal dates to the early Middle Ages, originally meaning the keeper of the king's horses , from the time of the early Frankish kings.-Usage and hierarchical...

    , retired Chief of the Imperial General Staff and Conservative politician
  • Michael O'Dwyer
    Michael O'Dwyer
    Michael Francis O'Dwyer, KCIE was Lieutenant Governor of the Punjab in India from 1912 until 1919. O'Dwyer endorsed General Reginald Dyer's action regarding the Jallianwala Bagh massacre and termed it a "correct action"...

     (1940), Former Lieutenant Governor of the Punjab
    Punjab (British India)
    Punjab was a province of British India, it was one of the last areas of the Indian subcontinent to fall under British rule. With the end of British rule in 1947 the province was split between West Punjab, which went to Pakistan, and East Punjab, which went to India...

    , shot by a Punjabi revolutionary, Udham Singh
    Udham Singh
    Udham Singh was an Indian independence activist, best known for assassinating Michael O'Dwyer in March 1940 in what has been described as an avenging of the Jallianwalla Bagh Massacre....

    .
  • Paddy Wilson
    Paddy Wilson
    Patrick Gerard Wilson, known as Paddy Wilson was a politician in Northern Ireland who was killed by the "Ulster Freedom Fighters", a covername used by the Ulster Defence Association ....

     (1972), Social Democratic and Labour Party
    Social Democratic and Labour Party
    The Social Democratic and Labour Party is a social-democratic, Irish nationalist political party in Northern Ireland. Its basic party platform advocates Irish reunification, and the further devolution of powers while Northern Ireland remains part of the United Kingdom...

     politician
  • Ross McWhirter
    Ross McWhirter
    Alan Ross Mayfield McWhirter , known as Ross McWhirter, was, with his twin brother, Norris McWhirter, co-founder of the Guinness Book of Records and a contributor to Record Breakers...

     (1975), co-author of the Guinness Book of Records and right wing political activist
  • Kadhi Abdullah al-Hagri
    Kadhi Abdullah al-Hagri
    Qadhi Abdullah al-Hajjri was the Prime Minister of the Yemen Arab Republic from 30 December 1972 until 10 April 1974. He was appointed by President Abdul Rahman al-Iryani....

     (1977), past prime minister of Yemen Arab Republic
    Yemen Arab Republic
    The Yemen Arab Republic , also known as North Yemen or Yemen , was a country from 1962 to 1990 in the western part of what is now Yemen...

    , killed in London
    London
    London is the capital city of :England and the :United Kingdom, the largest metropolitan area in the United Kingdom, and the largest urban zone in the European Union by most measures. Located on the River Thames, London has been a major settlement for two millennia, its history going back to its...

  • Georgi Markov
    Georgi Markov
    Georgi Ivanov Markov was a Bulgarian dissident writer.Markov originally worked as a novelist and playwright, but in 1969 he defected from Bulgaria, then governed by President Todor Zhivkov...

     (1978), Bulgaria
    Bulgaria
    Bulgaria , officially the Republic of Bulgaria , is a parliamentary democracy within a unitary constitutional republic in Southeast Europe. The country borders Romania to the north, Serbia and Macedonia to the west, Greece and Turkey to the south, as well as the Black Sea to the east...

    n dissident
  • Louis Mountbatten, 1st Earl Mountbatten of Burma
    Louis Mountbatten, 1st Earl Mountbatten of Burma
    Admiral of the Fleet Louis Francis Albert Victor Nicholas George Mountbatten, 1st Earl Mountbatten of Burma, KG, GCB, OM, GCSI, GCIE, GCVO, DSO, PC, FRS , was a British statesman and naval officer, and an uncle of Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh...

     (1979), Former Governor-General of India
    India
    India , officially the Republic of India , is a country in South Asia. It is the seventh-largest country by geographical area, the second-most populous country with over 1.2 billion people, and the most populous democracy in the world...

     on his yacht off Ireland
    Ireland
    Ireland is an island to the northwest of continental Europe. It is the third-largest island in Europe and the twentieth-largest island on Earth...

  • Airey Neave
    Airey Neave
    Airey Middleton Sheffield Neave DSO, OBE, MC was a British soldier, barrister and politician.During World War II, Neave was one of the few servicemen to escape from the German prisoner-of-war camp Oflag IV-C at Colditz Castle...

     (1979), British
    United Kingdom
    The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern IrelandIn the United Kingdom and Dependencies, other languages have been officially recognised as legitimate autochthonous languages under the European Charter for Regional or Minority Languages...

     Conservative politician
  • Sir Norman Stronge
    Norman Stronge
    Captain Sir Charles Norman Lockhart Stronge, 8th Baronet, MC, PC , JP was a senior Unionist politician in Northern Ireland....

     (1981), aristocrat and Northern Irish politician
  • Sir James Stronge, 9th Baronet (1981), aristocrat and Northern Irish politician
  • Rev. Robert Bradford
    Robert Bradford (NI politician)
    Robert Jonathan Bradford MP was a Vanguard Unionist and Ulster Unionist Member of Parliament for the Belfast South constituency in Northern Ireland until he was killed by the Provisional Irish Republican Army on 14 November 1981....

     (1981), Unionist MP in Northern Ireland
    Northern Ireland
    Northern Ireland is one of the four countries of the United Kingdom. Situated in the north-east of the island of Ireland, it shares a border with the Republic of Ireland to the south and west...

  • Shlomo Argov
    Shlomo Argov
    Shlomo Argov was a prominent Israeli diplomat. He was the Israeli ambassador to the United Kingdom whose attempted assassination led to the 1982 Lebanon War.-Attempted assassination:...

     (died in 2003 as a result of a 1982 assassination), Israel
    Israel
    The State of Israel is a parliamentary republic located in the Middle East, along the eastern shore of the Mediterranean Sea...

    i Ambassador to the Court of St. James's
    Court of St. James's
    The Court of St James's is the royal court of the United Kingdom. It previously had the same function in the Kingdom of England and in the Kingdom of Great Britain .-Overview:...

  • Edgar Graham
    Edgar Graham
    Edgar Samuel David Graham, MPA, BL , was an Ulster Unionist Party politician and academic from Northern Ireland. He was perceived as a rising star of both legal studies and Unionism until he was killed on 7 December 1983 by the Provisional Irish Republican Army .-Career:A graduate of the Queen's...

     (1983), Ulster Unionist
    Ulster Unionist Party
    The Ulster Unionist Party – sometimes referred to as the Official Unionist Party or, in a historic sense, simply the Unionist Party – is the more moderate of the two main unionist political parties in Northern Ireland...

     politician.
  • George Seawright
    George Seawright
    George Seawright was a controversial unionist politician in Northern Ireland who was assassinated by the Irish People's Liberation Organisation during the Troubles.-Early life:...

     (1987), Northern Ireland politician
  • Bernt Carlsson
    Bernt Carlsson
    Bernt Wilmar Carlsson was Assistant-Secretary-General of the United Nations and United Nations Commissioner for Namibia from July 1987 until he died on Pan Am Flight 103, which was blown up over Lockerbie, Scotland on 21 December 1988.-Social democrat:A native of Stockholm, Carlsson joined the...

     (1988), UN Commissioner for Namibia, murdered at Lockerbie
  • Patrick Finucane
    Pat Finucane (solicitor)
    Patrick Finucane was a Catholic Belfast solicitor killed by loyalist paramilitaries on 12 February 1989. His killing was one of the most controversial during the Troubles in Northern Ireland. Finucane came to prominence due to successfully challenging the British Government over several important...

     (1989), solicitor
  • Ian Gow
    Ian Gow
    Ian Reginald Edward Gow TD was a British Conservative politician and solicitor. While serving as Member of Parliament for Eastbourne, he was assassinated by the Provisional Irish Republican Army who exploded a bomb under his car outside his home in East Sussex.-Life:Ian Gow was born at 3 Upper...

     (1990), British Conservative politician
  • Billy Wright
    Billy Wright (loyalist)
    William Stephen "Billy" Wright was a prominent Ulster loyalist during the period of violent religious/political conflict known as "The Troubles". He joined the Ulster Volunteer Force in 1975 and became commander of its Mid-Ulster Brigade in the early 1990s...

     (1997), Loyalist Volunteer Force
    Loyalist Volunteer Force
    The Loyalist Volunteer Force is a loyalist paramilitary group in Northern Ireland. It was formed by Billy Wright in 1996 when he and the Portadown unit of the Ulster Volunteer Force's Mid-Ulster Brigade was stood down by the UVF leadership. He had been the commander of the Mid-Ulster Brigade. The...

     leader.
  • Rosemary Nelson
    Rosemary Nelson
    Rosemary Nelson was a prominent Northern Irish human rights lawyer who was killed by a loyalist paramilitary group in 1999...

     (1999), Irish Catholic
    Irish Catholic
    Irish Catholic is a term used to describe people who are both Roman Catholic and Irish .Note: the term is not used to describe a variant of Catholicism. More particularly, it is not a separate creed or sect in the sense that "Anglo-Catholic", "Old Catholic", "Eastern Orthodox Catholic" might be...

     solicitor and human rights advocate
  • Jill Dando
    Jill Dando
    Jill Wendy Dando was an English journalist, television presenter and newsreader who worked for the BBC for 14 years. She was murdered by gunshot outside her home in Fulham, West London; her killer has never been identified....

     (1999), British television presenter
  • Alexander Litvinenko
    Alexander Litvinenko
    Alexander Valterovich Litvinenko was an officer who served in the Soviet KGB and its Russian successor, the Federal Security Service ....

     (2006) Russia
    Russia
    Russia or , officially known as both Russia and the Russian Federation , is a country in northern Eurasia. It is a federal semi-presidential republic, comprising 83 federal subjects...

    n critic of Vladimir Putin
    Vladimir Putin
    Vladimir Vladimirovich Putin served as the second President of the Russian Federation and is the current Prime Minister of Russia, as well as chairman of United Russia and Chairman of the Council of Ministers of the Union of Russia and Belarus. He became acting President on 31 December 1999, when...


Yugoslavia

  • Gallienus
    Gallienus
    Gallienus was Roman Emperor with his father Valerian from 253 to 260, and alone from 260 to 268. He took control of the Empire at a time when it was undergoing great crisis...

     (268), Roman emperor, near Naissus
    Niš
    Niš is the largest city of southern Serbia and third-largest city in Serbia . According to the data from 2011, the city of Niš has a population of 177,972 inhabitants, while the city municipality has a population of 257,867. The city covers an area of about 597 km2, including the urban area,...

  • Probus (282), Roman emperor. Assassinated at Sirmium
    Sirmium
    Sirmium was a city in ancient Roman Pannonia. Firstly mentioned in the 4th century BC and originally inhabited by the Illyrians and Celts, it was conquered by the Romans in the 1st century BC and subsequently became the capital of the Roman province of Lower Pannonia. In 294 AD, Sirmium was...

  • Carinus
    Carinus
    Carinus , was Roman Emperor 282 to 285. The elder son of emperor Carus, he was appointed Caesar and co-emperor of the western portion of the empire upon his father's accession...

     (284), Roman emperor. Assassinated at Margus
  • Željko Ražnatović
    Željko Ražnatovic
    Željko Ražnatović , widely known as Arkan was a Serbian career criminal and later a paramilitary leader who was notable for organizing and leading a paramilitary force in the Yugoslav Wars...

     ("Arkan") (2000), Serb paramilitary leader
  • Pavle Bulatović
    Pavle Bulatovic
    Pavle Bulatović, was Yugoslavia's foreign minister from 1994 and later defense minister, was shot dead in Belgrade on the evening of February 7, 2000. The shooting took place at a restaurant in the suburb Banjica and Bulatovic later died at a military hospital...

     (2000), defense minister of Yugoslavia
  • Ivan Stambolić
    Ivan Stambolic
    Ivan Stambolić was a Communist Party of Yugoslavia official and the President of the Republic of Serbia in the 1980s who was later victim of an assassination....

     (2000), Serbian politician

Ukraine

  • Mykola Leontovych
    Mykola Leontovych
    Mykola Dmytrovych Leontovych was a Ukrainian composer, choral conductor, priest, and teacher of international renown. His music was inspired by Mykola Lysenko and the Ukrainian nationalist music school, along with Kyrylo Stetsenko, Alexander Koshetz, and Yakiv Stepovy...

     (1918) - Ukrainian
    Ukraine
    Ukraine is a country in Eastern Europe. It has an area of 603,628 km², making it the second largest contiguous country on the European continent, after Russia...

     composer
  • Symon Petlura
    Symon Petlura
    Symon Vasylyovych Petliura was a publicist, writer, journalist, Ukrainian politician, statesman, and national leader who led Ukraine's struggle for independence following the Russian Revolution of 1917....

     (1926), Ukrainian
    Ukraine
    Ukraine is a country in Eastern Europe. It has an area of 603,628 km², making it the second largest contiguous country on the European continent, after Russia...

     political leader assassinated by Sholom Schwartzbard
    Sholom Schwartzbard
    Sholem Schwarzbard was a Bessarabian-born Jewish poet and anarchist, known primarily for the assassination of the Ukrainian nationalist leader Symon Petliura...

  • Yevhen Konovaletz (1938) Ukrainian
    Ukraine
    Ukraine is a country in Eastern Europe. It has an area of 603,628 km², making it the second largest contiguous country on the European continent, after Russia...

     nationalist leader assassinated by Pavel Sudoplatov
    Pavel Sudoplatov
    Lieutenant General Pavel Anatolyevich Sudoplatov was a member of the intelligence services of the Soviet Union who rose to the rank of lieutenant general...

  • Lev Rebet
    Lev Rebet
    Lev Rebet was a Ukrainian political writer and anti-communist during World War II. He was a key cabinet member in the Ukrainian government which proclaimed independence on June 30, 1941...

     (1957) - Ukrainian
    Ukraine
    Ukraine is a country in Eastern Europe. It has an area of 603,628 km², making it the second largest contiguous country on the European continent, after Russia...

     nationalist leader assassinated by Bohdan Stashynsky
    Bohdan Stashynsky
    Bohdan Stashynsky is the KGB assassin of Ukrainian nationalist leaders Lev Rebet and Stepan Bandera who were killed in the late 1950s.-Early biography :...

  • Volodymyr Ivasiuk (1979) - Ukrainian composer
  • Vadym Hetman
    Vadym Hetman
    Vadym Petrovych Hetman was a Ukrainian statesman and banker. He is credited with the creation of the central bank of the country, the National Bank of Ukraine....

     (1998) - Politician, banker
  • Georgiy Gongadze (2000) - Ukrainian journalist
  • Stepan Senchuk
    Stepan Senchuk
    Stepan Romanovich Senchuk was born in the city of Prokofevsk in the Kemerovo area of Ukraine. He was part of a family that was subjected to repression. Senchuk studied at the Lviv agricultural institute , specializing in engineering and mechanics. From 1977 to 1993, Senchuk was on engineering and...

     (2005) - Ukrainian politician

Assassinations in Russia and the Soviet Union

  • Peter III of Russia
    Peter III of Russia
    Peter III was Emperor of Russia for six months in 1762. He was very pro-Prussian, which made him an unpopular leader. He was supposedly assassinated as a result of a conspiracy led by his wife, who succeeded him to the throne as Catherine II.-Early life and character:Peter was born in Kiel, in...

     (1762), Emperor of Russia
  • Paul of Russia (1801), Emperor of Russia
  • Mikhail Andreyevich Miloradovich
    Mikhail Andreyevich Miloradovich
    Mikhail Andreyevich Miloradovich , spelled Miloradovitch in contemporary English sources was a Russian general prominent during the Napoleonic Wars. He entered military service on the eve of the Russo-Swedish War of 1788–1790 and his career advanced rapidly during the reign of Paul I...

     (1825), military Governor of Saint Petersburg
    Saint Petersburg
    Saint Petersburg is a city and a federal subject of Russia located on the Neva River at the head of the Gulf of Finland on the Baltic Sea...

  • Nikolay Vladimirovich Mezentsev (1878), Executive Director of the Third Section
  • Alexander II of Russia
    Alexander II of Russia
    Alexander II , also known as Alexander the Liberator was the Emperor of the Russian Empire from 3 March 1855 until his assassination in 1881...

     (1881 March 13), Tsar of All the Russias
    Russian Empire
    The Russian Empire was a state that existed from 1721 until the Russian Revolution of 1917. It was the successor to the Tsardom of Russia and the predecessor of the Soviet Union...

  • Nikolay Alekseyev
    Nikolay Alekseyev
    Nikolay Aleksandrovich Alekseyev , 1893) was the elected mayor of Moscow in 1885–1893. Alekseyev is credited with construction of the city's first sanitation system, the first pressurized water supply network reaching individual houses, a psychiatric hospital and 30 new public schools...

     (1893), Mayor of Moscow
    Moscow
    Moscow is the capital, the most populous city, and the most populous federal subject of Russia. The city is a major political, economic, cultural, scientific, religious, financial, educational, and transportation centre of Russia and the continent...

  • Dmitry Sipyagin
    Dmitry Sipyagin
    Dmitry Sergeyevich Sipyagin , a Russian statesman.Born in Kiev, Sipyagin graduated from the Judicial Department of St Petersburg University in 1876. Served in the MVD as Vice-Governor of Kharkov , Governor of Courland and Governor of Moscow...

     (1902 April 8), Russian Interior Minister
  • Vyacheslav Pleve (1904), Russian Interior Minister
  • Grand Duke Sergei Alexandrovich Romanov
    Grand Duke Sergei Alexandrovich of Russia
    Grand Duke Sergei Alexandrovich of Russia was a son of Emperor Alexander II of Russia...

     (1905), former Governor-General
    Governor-General
    A Governor-General, is a vice-regal person of a monarch in an independent realm or a major colonial circonscription. Depending on the political arrangement of the territory, a Governor General can be a governor of high rank, or a principal governor ranking above "ordinary" governors.- Current uses...

     of Moscow
    Moscow
    Moscow is the capital, the most populous city, and the most populous federal subject of Russia. The city is a major political, economic, cultural, scientific, religious, financial, educational, and transportation centre of Russia and the continent...

  • Peter Stolypin
    Pyotr Stolypin
    Pyotr Arkadyevich Stolypin served as the leader of the 3rd DUMA—from 1906 to 1911. His tenure was marked by efforts to repress revolutionary groups, as well as for the institution of noteworthy agrarian reforms. Stolypin hoped, through his reforms, to stem peasant unrest by creating a class of...

     (1911 September 14), Russia
    Russia
    Russia or , officially known as both Russia and the Russian Federation , is a country in northern Eurasia. It is a federal semi-presidential republic, comprising 83 federal subjects...

    n Prime Minister, killed in theater in Kiev
  • Grigori Rasputin
    Grigori Rasputin
    Grigori Yefimovich Rasputin was a Russian Orthodox Christian and mystic who is perceived as having influenced the latter days of the Russian Emperor Nicholas II, his wife Alexandra, and their only son Alexei...

     (1916 December 30), controversial friar and mystic
  • Tsar Nicholas II
    Nicholas II of Russia
    Nicholas II was the last Emperor of Russia, Grand Prince of Finland, and titular King of Poland. His official short title was Nicholas II, Emperor and Autocrat of All the Russias and he is known as Saint Nicholas the Passion-Bearer by the Russian Orthodox Church.Nicholas II ruled from 1894 until...

     and his family: Tsarina Alexandra, Tsarevich Alexei
    Tsarevich Alexei Nikolaevich of Russia
    Alexei Nikolaevich of the House of Romanov, was the Tsesarevich and heir apparent to the throne of the Russian Empire. In English, his title is usually given as Tsarevich, a title that has a separate meaning in Russia. Alexei was the youngest child and only son of Emperor Nicholas II and Empress...

    , and the Grand Duchesses Olga
    Grand Duchess Olga Nikolaevna of Russia
    Grand Duchess Olga Nikolaevna of Russia ; , November 16 after 1900 – July 17, 1918) was the eldest daughter of the last autocratic ruler of the Russian Empire, Emperor Nicholas II, and of Empress Alexandra of Russia....

    , Tatiana, Maria and Anastasia
    Grand Duchess Anastasia Nikolaevna of Russia
    Grand Duchess Anastasia Nikolaevna of Russia was the youngest daughter of Tsar Nicholas II of Russia, the last sovereign of Imperial Russia, and his wife Alexandra Fyodorovna....

     (1918 July 16)
  • Elizabeth (Ella) of Hesse, Grand Duchess of Russia, sister of Alexandra Feodorovna, wife of tsar Nicholas II. (18 July 1918)
  • V. Volodarsky
    V. Volodarsky
    V. Volodarsky was a Marxist revolutionary and early Soviet politician. He was assassinated in 1918.-Early years:Moisei Markovich Goldstein V. Volodarsky was a Marxist revolutionary and early Soviet politician. He was assassinated in 1918.-Early years:Moisei Markovich Goldstein V. Volodarsky was...

     (1918), revolutionary
  • Wilhelm von Mirbach (1918), German
    Germany
    Germany , officially the Federal Republic of Germany , is a federal parliamentary republic in Europe. The country consists of 16 states while the capital and largest city is Berlin. Germany covers an area of 357,021 km2 and has a largely temperate seasonal climate...

     Ambassador in Moscow
    Moscow
    Moscow is the capital, the most populous city, and the most populous federal subject of Russia. The city is a major political, economic, cultural, scientific, religious, financial, educational, and transportation centre of Russia and the continent...

  • Sergei Kirov (1934 December 1), Bolshevik
    Bolshevik
    The Bolsheviks, originally also Bolshevists , derived from bol'shinstvo, "majority") were a faction of the Marxist Russian Social Democratic Labour Party which split apart from the Menshevik faction at the Second Party Congress in 1903....

     party leader in Leningrad
    Saint Petersburg
    Saint Petersburg is a city and a federal subject of Russia located on the Neva River at the head of the Gulf of Finland on the Baltic Sea...

  • Solomon Mikhoels
    Solomon Mikhoels
    Solomon Mikhoels ; was a Soviet Jewish actor and the artistic director of the Moscow State Jewish Theater. Mikhoels served as the chairman of the Jewish Anti-Fascist Committee during the Second World War...

     (1948), Chairman of the Jewish Anti-Fascist Committee
    Jewish Anti-Fascist Committee
    The Jewish Anti-Fascist Committee was formed on Joseph Stalin's order in Kuibyshev in April 1942 with the official support of the Soviet authorities...

  • Igor Talkov
    Igor Talkov
    Igor Vladimirovich Talkov , was a Russian rock singer-songwriter.He is often compared to another Russian singer and songwriter of that time, Viktor Tsoi, whom, according to his diaries, Talkov highly appreciated and to whom he even dedicated a song on his death...

     (1991), singer-songwriter, anti-Soviet activist
  • Vladislav Listyev
    Vladislav Listyev
    -External links:* - IFEX*...

     (1995), a Russian journalist and head of the ORT TV Channel
    Channel One (Russia)
    Channel One is the first television channel to broadcast in the Soviet Union. The channel was renamed Ostankino Channel 1 in 1991, after the Soviet Union broke up and the Russian SFSR became the Russian Federation. According to a recent government publication, the Russian government controls 51%...

  • Dzhokhar Dudayev (1996), first Chechen
    Chechnya
    The Chechen Republic , commonly referred to as Chechnya , also spelled Chechnia or Chechenia, sometimes referred to as Ichkeria , is a federal subject of Russia . It is located in the southeastern part of Europe in the Northern Caucasus mountains. The capital of the republic is the city of Grozny...

     separatist President and anti-Russia
    Russia
    Russia or , officially known as both Russia and the Russian Federation , is a country in northern Eurasia. It is a federal semi-presidential republic, comprising 83 federal subjects...

    n guerrilla
    Guerrilla warfare
    Guerrilla warfare is a form of irregular warfare and refers to conflicts in which a small group of combatants including, but not limited to, armed civilians use military tactics, such as ambushes, sabotage, raids, the element of surprise, and extraordinary mobility to harass a larger and...

     leader
  • Valeriy Hubulov
    Valeriy Hubulov
    Valeriy Nikolaevich Hubulov was a South Ossetian politician, who was minister of defense and acting prime minister in 1996. He was assassinated in 1998 while in Russia....

     (1998), South Ossetia
    South Ossetia
    South Ossetia or Tskhinvali Region is a disputed region and partly recognized state in the South Caucasus, located in the territory of the South Ossetian Autonomous Oblast within the former Georgian Soviet Socialist Republic....

    n politician, former prime minister
  • Galina Starovoitova
    Galina Starovoitova
    Galina Vasilyevna Starovoitova was a Russian politician and ethnographer known for her work to protect ethnic minorities and promote democratic reforms in Russia.- Early life and academic career :...

     (1998), influential politician, then member of Russia
    Russia
    Russia or , officially known as both Russia and the Russian Federation , is a country in northern Eurasia. It is a federal semi-presidential republic, comprising 83 federal subjects...

    n parliament (Duma
    Duma
    A Duma is any of various representative assemblies in modern Russia and Russian history. The State Duma in the Russian Empire and Russian Federation corresponds to the lower house of the parliament. Simply it is a form of Russian governmental institution, that was formed during the reign of the...

    )
  • Otakhon Latifi
    Otakhon Latifi
    Otakhon Latifi was a noted journalist and politician from Tajikistan.He was born in the town of Pendjikent. Under the Soviet Union, he was both Pravda and Izvestiyas correspondent in Tajikistan at various times...

     (1998), Tajik
    Tajikistan
    Tajikistan , officially the Republic of Tajikistan , is a mountainous landlocked country in Central Asia. Afghanistan borders it to the south, Uzbekistan to the west, Kyrgyzstan to the north, and China to the east....

     journalist and opposition figure
  • Sergei Yushenkov
    Sergei Yushenkov
    Sergei Yushenkov was a liberal Russian politician well known for his uncompromising struggle for democracy, rapid free market economic reforms, and higher human rights standards in Russia...

     (2003), Russian politician, in Moscow
    Moscow
    Moscow is the capital, the most populous city, and the most populous federal subject of Russia. The city is a major political, economic, cultural, scientific, religious, financial, educational, and transportation centre of Russia and the continent...

  • Yuri Shchekochikhin
    Yuri Shchekochikhin
    Yuri Petrovich Shchekochikhin was a Russian investigative journalist, writer, and liberal lawmaker of Russian parliament. Shchekochikhin made his name writing about and campaigning against the influence of organized crime and corruption...

     (2003), Russian journalist, in Moscow
    Moscow
    Moscow is the capital, the most populous city, and the most populous federal subject of Russia. The city is a major political, economic, cultural, scientific, religious, financial, educational, and transportation centre of Russia and the continent...

  • Paul Klebnikov
    Paul Klebnikov
    Paul Klebnikov was a Russian-American journalist and historian of Russian history. He worked for Forbes Magazine for over 10 years and at the time of his death was Chief editor of the Russian edition. His murder in Moscow in 2004 was seen as a blow against investigative journalism in Russia...

     (2004), editor of the Russian edition of Forbes
    Forbes
    Forbes is an American publishing and media company. Its flagship publication, the Forbes magazine, is published biweekly. Its primary competitors in the national business magazine category are Fortune, which is also published biweekly, and Business Week...

    magazine
  • Akhmad Kadyrov
    Akhmad Kadyrov
    Hajji Akhmad Abdulkhamidovich Kadyrov , also spelled Akhmat, was the Chief Mufti of the Chechen Republic of Ichkeria in the 1990s during and after the First Chechen War...

     (2004), Kremlin
    Moscow Kremlin
    The Moscow Kremlin , sometimes referred to as simply The Kremlin, is a historic fortified complex at the heart of Moscow, overlooking the Moskva River , Saint Basil's Cathedral and Red Square and the Alexander Garden...

    -backed President of the Chechen Republic
  • Aslan Maskhadov
    Aslan Maskhadov
    Aslan Aliyevich Maskhadov was a leader of the Chechen separatist movement and the third President of the Chechen Republic of Ichkeria.He was credited by many with the Chechen victory in the First Chechen War, which allowed for the...

     (2005), President of separatist Chechnya
    Chechen Republic of Ichkeria
    The Chechen Republic of Ichkeria is the unrecognized secessionist government of Chechnya. The republic was proclaimed in late 1991 by Dzokhar Dudayev, and fought two devastating wars between separatists and the Russian Federation which denounced secession...

  • Anatoly Trofimov
    Anatoly Trofimov
    Anatoly Vasilyevich Trofimov was a head of the Soviet KGB investigation department. He personally supervised all Soviet dissident cases including Sergei Kovalyov, Gleb Yakunin, Alexei Smirnov, and Yuri Orlov. He was later a deputy director of the Russian Federal Security Service and became a...

     (2005), former FSB
    FSB (Russia)
    The Federal Security Service of the Russian Federation is the main domestic security agency of the Russian Federation and the main successor agency of the Soviet Committee of State Security . Its main responsibilities are counter-intelligence, internal and border security, counter-terrorism, and...

     deputy director
  • Magomed Omarov
    Magomed Omarov
    Magomed Omarov was the deputy Interior Minister for the Russian republic of Dagestan. He was assassinated by gunmen a month after the government announced they prevented a "terrorist attack." Omarov had coordinated all major anti-insurgent operations in the republic and had narrowly escaped...

     (2005), deputy Interior Minister of Dagestan
    Dagestan
    The Republic of Dagestan is a federal subject of Russia, located in the North Caucasus region. Its capital and the largest city is Makhachkala, located at the center of Dagestan on the Caspian Sea...

  • Bayaman Erkinbayev
    Bayaman Erkinbayev
    Bayaman Erkinbayev was a top Kyrgyzstani lawmaker and parliamentary deputy, who was the driving force behind the riots in southern Kyrgyzstan that led to the overthrow of President Askar Akayev on March 24, 2005. One of the richest businessman in the country, he funded the Central Asian state's...

     (2005), Kyrgyz
    Kyrgyzstan
    Kyrgyzstan , officially the Kyrgyz Republic is one of the world's six independent Turkic states . Located in Central Asia, landlocked and mountainous, Kyrgyzstan is bordered by Kazakhstan to the north, Uzbekistan to the west, Tajikistan to the southwest and China to the east...

     MP
  • Altynbek Sarsenbayev (2006), Kazakh
    Kazakhstan
    Kazakhstan , officially the Republic of Kazakhstan, is a transcontinental country in Central Asia and Eastern Europe. Ranked as the ninth largest country in the world, it is also the world's largest landlocked country; its territory of is greater than Western Europe...

     politician
  • Abdul-Khalim Sadulayev (2006), President of separatist Chechnya
    Chechen Republic of Ichkeria
    The Chechen Republic of Ichkeria is the unrecognized secessionist government of Chechnya. The republic was proclaimed in late 1991 by Dzokhar Dudayev, and fought two devastating wars between separatists and the Russian Federation which denounced secession...

  • Anna Politkovskaya
    Anna Politkovskaya
    Anna Stepanovna Politkovskaya was a Russian journalist, author, and human rights activist known for her opposition to the Chechen conflict and then-President of Russia Vladimir Putin...

     (2006), Russian journalist and human rights campaigner.
  • Vitaly Karayev
    Vitaly Karayev
    Vitaly Sergeyevich Karayev was the mayor of the North Ossetian capital, Vladikavkaz. He was murdered by an unknown gunman on November 26, 2008. He had been in power for less than a year before being murdered...

     (2008), mayor of Vladikavkaz
    Vladikavkaz
    -Notable structures:In Vladikavkaz, there is a guyed TV mast, tall, built in 1961, which has six crossbars with gangways in two levels running from the mast structure to the guys.-Twin towns/sister cities:...

    , North Ossetia-Alania
    North Ossetia-Alania
    The Republic of North Ossetia–Alania is a federal subject of Russia . Its population according to the 2010 Census was 712,877.-Name:...

  • Kazbek Pagiyev
    Kazbek Pagiyev
    Kazbek Khazbiyevich Pagiyev was the former Deputy Prime Minister of North Ossetia as well as the former mayor of its capital, Vladikavkaz. He was killed by two unknown assailants on December 31, 2008 as he was being driven in his car. Pagiyev had been dismissed as Deputy Prime Minister the week...

     (2008), former mayor of Vladikavkaz
    Vladikavkaz
    -Notable structures:In Vladikavkaz, there is a guyed TV mast, tall, built in 1961, which has six crossbars with gangways in two levels running from the mast structure to the guys.-Twin towns/sister cities:...

    , North Ossetia-Alania
    North Ossetia-Alania
    The Republic of North Ossetia–Alania is a federal subject of Russia . Its population according to the 2010 Census was 712,877.-Name:...

  • Nina Varlamova
    Nina Varlamova
    Nina Varlamova was a Russian politician who served as the Mayor of the northern town of Kandalaksha in Murmansk Oblast. Varlamova was elected Mayor of Kandalaksha in 2007....

     (2008), mayor of Kandalaksha
    Kandalaksha
    Kandalaksha is a town in Kandalakshsky District of Murmansk Oblast, Russia, located at the head of Kandalaksha Gulf on the White Sea, beyond the Arctic Circle. Population: 40,564 ; -History:The settlement has existed since the 11th century...

    , Murmansk Oblast
    Murmansk Oblast
    Murmansk Oblast is a federal subject of Russia , located in the northwestern part of Russia. Its administrative center is the city of Murmansk.-Geography:...

  • Stanislav Markelov
    Stanislav Markelov
    Stanislav Yuryevich Markelov was a human rights lawyer and journalist who wrote investigative articles on Chechnya. Markelov had been the attorney for the family of Elza Kungaeva, a young Chechen woman killed by Russian colonel Yuri Budanov, who was released from prison in mid-January, 15 months...

     (2009), human rights lawyer
  • Adilgerei Magomedtagirov
    Adilgerei Magomedtagirov
    Adilgerei Magomedtagirov was a Russian politician and general, who served as the Interior Minister of Dagestan, a Russian Republic....

     (2009), interior minister of Dagestan
  • Aza Gazgireyeva
    Aza Gazgireyeva
    Aza Gazgireyeva , last name also spelled Gazgireeva, was a Russian jurist who served as the Deputy Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of Ingushetia...

     (2009), deputy chair of Ingushetia
    Ingushetia
    The Republic of Ingushetia is a federal subject of Russia , located in the North Caucasus region with its capital at Magas. In terms of area, the republic is the smallest of Russia's federal subjects except for the two federal cities, Moscow and Saint Petersburg...

     Supreme Court
  • Bashir Aushev
    Bashir Aushev
    Bashir Magometovich Aushev was a Russian-Ingush politician, who served as the Deputy Prime Minister of Ingushetia from 2002 until 2008.Aushev served as Deputy Prime Minister under former Ingush President Murat Zyazikov. Zyazikov was a former Soviet K.G.B. agent, who was unpopular in Ingushetia...

     (2009), former deputy prime minister of Ingushetia
    Ingushetia
    The Republic of Ingushetia is a federal subject of Russia , located in the North Caucasus region with its capital at Magas. In terms of area, the republic is the smallest of Russia's federal subjects except for the two federal cities, Moscow and Saint Petersburg...

  • Natalia Estemirova (2009), human rights activist

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