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The Seigneur of Sark
is the head of Sark
Sark is a small island in the Channel Islands in southwestern English Channel, off the French coast of Normandy. It is a royal fief, geographically located in the Channel Islands in the Bailiwick of Guernsey, with its own set of laws based on Norman law and its own parliament. It has a population...
in the Channel Islands
The Channel Islands are an archipelago of British Crown Dependencies in the English Channel, off the French coast of Normandy. They include two separate bailiwicks: the Bailiwick of Guernsey and the Bailiwick of Jersey...
. "Seigneur" is the French word for "lord". A female head is called the Dame of Sark
. The husband of a female ruler of Sark is not a consort but a ruler of Sark himself.
The Seigneur's office is hereditary. With permission of the Queen it may also be sold. The Seigneur had a suspensive veto power and the right to appoint most of the island's officers. See more under Sark Politics.
The residents of Sark voted to introduce a fully elected legislature to replace the feudal
Feudalism was a set of legal and military customs in medieval Europe that flourished between the 9th and 15th centuries, which, broadly defined, was a system for ordering society around relationships derived from the holding of land in exchange for service or labour.Although derived from the...
government in 2006, and the law change was approved on April 9, 2008.
- Hellier de Carteret
Hellier de Carteret was Seigneur of Sark from 1563 to 1578. He was the son of Edouard de Carteret, Seigneur of Saint Ouen , and grandson of Philip De Carteret, 8th of St Ouen. It was Hellier's idea and initiative to recultivate the deserted island in 1563, and he was rewarded by being granted the...
- Philippe de Carteret I
Philippe de Carteret I, 2nd Seigneur of Sark was the Seigneur of Sark from 1578 to 1594.He was the oldest son of Hellier, his predecessor in the office. Philippe's mother was Margaret de Carteret, widow of Clement Dumaresq, Seigneur of Samares....
- Philippe de Carteret II
Philippe de Carteret II, 3rd Seigneur of Sark was the son of Philippe de Carteret I and Rachel Poulet ....
- Philippe de Carteret III
Sir Philip Carteret, 1st Baronet , also known as Philippe de Carteret III, was the 4th Seigneur of Sark. He was the son of Philippe de Carteret II...
- Philippe de Carteret IV
Sir Philip Carteret, 2nd Baronet , also known as Philippe de Carteret IV, was the 5th Seigneur of Sark from 1663 to 1693.When his father died, he was still under age. He is said to have come of age in 1671....
- Charles de Carteret
Sir Charles Carteret, 3rd Baronet was Seigneur of Sark from 1693 to 1715.-External links:*...
- John Carteret (1715–1720)
- John Johnson
John Johnson, 8th Seigneur of Sark was Seigneur of Sark from 1720 to 1723.The colonel and former commander of the garrison in Guernsey bought the fief from Lord Carteret in 1720....
- James Milner
James Milner, 9th Seigneur of Sark bought the fief of Sark from John Johnson in 1723 for £5,000, and was Seigneur of Sark until 1730. His heir, Joseph Wilcocks, the incumbent Bishop of Gloucester, sold the fief to Susanne le Pelley without ever claiming the title of Seigneur....
- Susanne le Pelley
Susanne le Pelley, Dame of Sark was the 10th Seigneur of Sark from 1730 to 1733. She bought the fief from James Milner's heir Joseph Wilcocks, the incumbent Bishop of Gloucester....
- Nicolas le Pelley
Nicolas le Pelley, 11th Seigneur of Sark was Seigneur of Sark from 1733 to 1742....
- Daniel le Pelley
Daniel le Pelley, 12th Seigneur of Sark was Seigneur of Sark from 1742 to 1752....
- Pierre le Pelley I
Pierre le Pelley I, 13th Seigneur of Sark was Seigneur of Sark from 1752 to 1778....
- Pierre le Pelley II
Pierre le Pelley II, 14th Seigneur of Sark was Seigneur of Sark from 1778 to 1820....
- Pierre le Pelley III
Pierre le Pelley III, 16th Seigneur of Sark was Seigneur of Sark from 1820 to 1839....
- Ernest le Pelley
Ernest le Pelley, 17th Seigneur of Sark was Seigneur of Sark from 1839 to 1849. In 1844, desperate for funds to continue the operation of the silver mine on the island, he obtained crown permission to mortgage the Fief of Sark for £4,000 to John Allaire, a local privateer. In 1845 the ceiling of...
- Pierre Carey le Pelley
Pierre Carey le Pelley was Seigneur of Sark from 1849 to 1852. In 1844, desperate for funds to continue the operation of the silver mine on the island, le Pelley's father Ernest le Pelley had obtained crown permission to mortgage the Fief of Sark for £4,000 to John Allaire, a local privateer. In...
- Marie Collings
Marie Collings was Dame of Sark from 1852 to 1853. She was the daughter of John Allaire, a privateer from Guernsey. In 1844, desperate for funds to continue the operation of the silver mine on the island, then-Seigneur of Sark Ernest le Pelley had obtained crown permission to mortgage the Fief of...
- William Thomas Collings
William Thomas Collings was Seigneur of Sark from 1853 to 1882....
- William Frederick Collings
William Frederick Collings was Seigneur of Sark from 1882 to 1927. On his death, the title passed to his daughter, Sibyl Mary Hathaway....
- Sibyl Mary Hathaway (1927–1940 and 1945–1974), with Robert Hathaway (1929–1940 and 1945–1954)
- John Michael Beaumont
John Michael Beaumont, OBE is the 22nd Seigneur of Sark. A retired engineer, he is a son of Francis William Lionel Collings Beaumont and Enid . He succeeded his grandmother, Sibyl Hathaway, as the ruler of Sark upon her death in 1974.- References :...
(subordinated to the German
Germany , officially the Federal Republic of Germany , is a federal parliamentary republic in Europe. The country consists of 16 states while the capital and largest city is Berlin. Germany covers an area of 357,021 km2 and has a largely temperate seasonal climate...
Commandant is a senior title often given to the officer in charge of a large training establishment or academy. This usage is common in anglophone nations...
Guernsey, officially the Bailiwick of Guernsey is a British Crown dependency in the English Channel off the coast of Normandy.The Bailiwick, as a governing entity, embraces not only all 10 parishes on the Island of Guernsey, but also the islands of Herm, Jethou, Burhou, and Lihou and their islet...
- Stefan Herdt (1940–1942)
- Johann Hinkel
Major Johann Hinkel was the German representative in Sark from 1942. He was killed by a mine.-Bibliography:* Francis Walter Falla "The Silent War" 1967, p 224* Peter King "The Channel Islands War, 1940-1945" 1991, pp. 36, 167...
(1942-28 March 1943)