List of Russian saints

List of Russian saints

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Russia
Russia or , officially known as both Russia and the Russian Federation , is a country in northern Eurasia. It is a federal semi-presidential republic, comprising 83 federal subjects...

n saint
Saint
A saint is a holy person. In various religions, saints are people who are believed to have exceptional holiness.In Christian usage, "saint" refers to any believer who is "in Christ", and in whom Christ dwells, whether in heaven or in earth...

s includes the saints canonized by the Russian Orthodox Church
Russian Orthodox Church
The Russian Orthodox Church or, alternatively, the Moscow Patriarchate The ROC is often said to be the largest of the Eastern Orthodox churches in the world; including all the autocephalous churches under its umbrella, its adherents number over 150 million worldwide—about half of the 300 million...

.

Saints are sorted by their first names.

See also the category :Category:Russian saints.

A

  • Abraham and Coprius of Gryazovets, founders of the monastery in Gryazovets
    Gryazovets
    Gryazovets is a town and the administrative center of Gryazovetsky District of Vologda Oblast, Russia. Municipally, it is incorporated as Gryazovetskoe Urban Settlement in Gryazovetsky Municipal District. Population: -History:...

  • Abraham and Onesimus of Kiev
    Abraham and Onesimus of Kiev
    Abraham and Onesimus of Kiev were monks of Kiev.They, with several others, have a feast day at the Kiev Caves monastery on the Saturday after September 14.The others commemorated on that day include:*Alexius of Kiev,*Helladius of Kiev,*Sisoes of Kiev,...

    , monks from the Kiev Pechersk Lavra
    Kiev Pechersk Lavra
    Kiev Pechersk Lavra or Kyiv Pechersk Lavra , also known as the Kiev Monastery of the Caves, is a historic Orthodox Christian monastery which gave its name to one of the city districts where it is located in Kiev, the capital of Ukraine....

  • Abraham of Bulgaria
    Abraham of Bulgaria
    Abraham of Bulgaria was a Christian convert from Islam later made a martyr and saint of the Russian Orthodox Church.He was born in Volga Bulgaria, amongst the Muslim Volga Bulgars in what is now Tatarstan, Russia. He grew to become a Islamic merchant, and was later converted to Christianity. He...

    , Muslim
    Muslim
    A Muslim, also spelled Moslem, is an adherent of Islam, a monotheistic, Abrahamic religion based on the Quran, which Muslims consider the verbatim word of God as revealed to prophet Muhammad. "Muslim" is the Arabic term for "submitter" .Muslims believe that God is one and incomparable...

    -born convert from Volga Bulgaria
    Volga Bulgaria
    Volga Bulgaria, or Volga–Kama Bolghar, is a historic Bulgar state that existed between the seventh and thirteenth centuries around the confluence of the Volga and Kama rivers in what is now Russia.-Origin:...

    , killed for his conversion, martyr
    Martyr
    A martyr is somebody who suffers persecution and death for refusing to renounce, or accept, a belief or cause, usually religious.-Meaning:...

  • Abraham of Rostov
    Abraham of Rostov
    Saint Abraham of Rostov was born in the tenth century, to a non-Christian family in Galich, Russia. After a near-death experience and healing, Abraham converted to Christianity and became a monk....

    , founder of the Abraham Epiphany Monastery in Rostov
    Rostov
    Rostov is a town in Yaroslavl Oblast, Russia, one of the oldest in the country and a tourist center of the Golden Ring. It is located on the shores of Lake Nero, northeast of Moscow. Population:...

  • Abraham of Smolensk
    Abraham of Smolensk
    Abraham of Smolensk was a monk of Smolensk, his birthplace, where he became a monk of the Bogoroditzkaja monastery. He is historically regarded as a miracle worker. As a monk, he engaged in extensive preaching and biblical study...

    , 12th-century monk and icon-painter, justified by a miracle and acquitted against the charges leveled against him
  • Adrian of Poshekhonye, monk and iconographer, the founder and first hegumen
    Hegumen
    Hegumen, hegumenos, igumen, or ihumen is the title for the head of a monastery of the Eastern Orthodox Church or Eastern Catholic Churches, similar to the one of abbot. The head of a convent of nuns is called hegumenia or ihumenia . The term means "the one who is in charge", "the leader" in...

     of the Dormition Monastery in Poshekhonye
    Poshekhonye
    Poshekhonye is a town and the administrative center of Poshekhonsky District of Yaroslavl Oblast, Russia, located northwest of Yaroslavl. It stands on the Sogozha River . Population:...

  • Agapetus of the Kiev Caves, 11th century monk and doctor from the Kiev Pechersk Lavra
    Kiev Pechersk Lavra
    Kiev Pechersk Lavra or Kyiv Pechersk Lavra , also known as the Kiev Monastery of the Caves, is a historic Orthodox Christian monastery which gave its name to one of the city districts where it is located in Kiev, the capital of Ukraine....

    , who healed Prince Vladimir Monomach
  • Alexander Hotovitzky
    Alexander Hotovitzky
    Alexander Hotovitzky , hieromartyr of the Bolshevik yoke, Missionary of America, was a Ukrainian who came to the United States in the 1890s as a lay missionary and was ordained to the priesthood while there. He was active as a missionary among the emigrated Uniates in the northeastern United States...

    , Orthodox missionary in the United States
    United States
    The United States of America is a federal constitutional republic comprising fifty states and a federal district...

    , martyr executed by Bolsheviks
  • Alexander Nevsky
    Alexander Nevsky
    Alexander Nevsky was the Prince of Novgorod and Grand Prince of Vladimir during some of the most trying times in the city's history. Commonly regarded as the key figure of medieval Rus, Alexander was the grandson of Vsevolod the Big Nest and rose to legendary status on account of his military...

    , Prince of Novgorod
    Prince of Novgorod
    The Prince of Novgorod was the chief executive of Novgorod the Great. The office was originally an appointed one until the late eleventh or early twelfth century, then became something of an elective one until the fourteenth century, after which the Prince of Vladimir was almost invariably the...

     and Grand Prince of Vladimir, military hero famous for the Battle of Neva and the Battle of the Ice
    Battle of the Ice
    The Battle of the Ice , also known as the Battle of Lake Peipus , was a battle between the Republic of Novgorod and the Livonian branch of the Teutonic Knights on April 5, 1242, at Lake Peipus...

    , patron saint
    Patron saint
    A patron saint is a saint who is regarded as the intercessor and advocate in heaven of a nation, place, craft, activity, class, clan, family, or person...

     and considered by a poll to be the greatest person in Russian history
  • Alexander Svirsky
    Alexander Svirsky
    Alexander Svirsky or Alexander of Svir - an Eastern Orthodox saint, monk and hegumen of Russian Orthodox Church.Amos was born to an ordinary peasant family in the Novgorod Republic, east of Ladoga...

    , monk in the Valaam Monastery
    Valaam Monastery
    The Valaam Monastery, or Valamo Monastery is a stauropegic Orthodox monastery in Russian Karelia, located on Valaam, the largest island in Lake Ladoga, the largest lake in Europe.-History:...

     and the founder of Alexander-Svirsky Monastery
    Alexander-Svirsky Monastery
    Alexander-Svirsky Monastery is a Russian Orthodox monastery situated deep in the woods of the Leningrad Oblast, just south from its border with the Republic of Karelia...

  • Alexis of Wilkes-Barre, a missionary in the American Midwest who converted approximately 20,000 Eastern Rite Catholics to the Russian Orthodox Church
    Russian Orthodox Church
    The Russian Orthodox Church or, alternatively, the Moscow Patriarchate The ROC is often said to be the largest of the Eastern Orthodox churches in the world; including all the autocephalous churches under its umbrella, its adherents number over 150 million worldwide—about half of the 300 million...

  • Alexius, Metropolitan of Moscow
    Alexius, Metropolitan of Moscow
    Saint Alexius was Metropolitan of Kiev and all Russia , and presided over the Moscow government during Dmitrii Donskoi's minority....

    , Metropolitan of Kiev, Moscow and all Russia, regent
    Regent
    A regent, from the Latin regens "one who reigns", is a person selected to act as head of state because the ruler is a minor, not present, or debilitated. Currently there are only two ruling Regencies in the world, sovereign Liechtenstein and the Malaysian constitutive state of Terengganu...

     during Prince Dmitry Donskoy's minority, spiritual tutor of Dmitry Donskoy and Vladimir the Bold
    Vladimir the Bold
    Vladimir Andreyevich the Bold was the most famous prince of Serpukhov. His moniker alludes to his many military exploits committed in the wars waged by his cousin, Dmitri Donskoi of Moscow....

    , saved the country from a Tatar raid by miraculous curing of Taydulla, wife of Khan Jani Beg
    Jani Beg
    Jani Beg was a khan of the Golden Horde from 1342 to 1357, succeeding his father Uzbeg Khan.After putting two of his brothers to death, Jani Beg crowned himself in Saray-Jük. He is known to have actively interfered in the affairs of Russian principalities and of Lithuania...

     the Golden Horde
    Golden Horde
    The Golden Horde was a Mongol and later Turkicized khanate that formed the north-western sector of the Mongol Empire...

  • Alipy of the Caves
    Alipy of the Caves
    Alipy of the Caves - Eastern Orthodox saint, monk and famous painter of icons from the cave monastery of Kiev Pechersk Lavra...

    , 11th century monk from the Kiev Pechersk Lavra
    Kiev Pechersk Lavra
    Kiev Pechersk Lavra or Kyiv Pechersk Lavra , also known as the Kiev Monastery of the Caves, is a historic Orthodox Christian monastery which gave its name to one of the city districts where it is located in Kiev, the capital of Ukraine....

    , one of the first Russian icon painters
    Russian icons
    The use and making of icons entered Kievan Rus' following its conversion to Orthodox Christianity in 988 AD. As a general rule, these icons strictly followed models and formulas hallowed by Byzantine art, led from the capital in Constantinople...

  • Ambrose of Optina, starets
    Starets
    A starets is an elder of a Russian Orthodox monastery who functions as venerated adviser and teacher. Elders or spiritual fathers are charismatic spiritual leaders whose wisdom stems from God as obtained from ascetic experience...

     of the Optina Monastery
    Optina Monastery
    The Optina Hermitage is an Eastern Orthodox monastery for men near Kozelsk in Russia. In the 19th century, the Optina was the most important spiritual centre of the Russian Orthodox Church and served as the model for several other monasteries, including the nearby Shamordino Convent...

    , founder of the Shamordino Convent
  • Ambrosius Gudko
    Ambrosius Gudko
    Ambrosius bishop of Sarapul and Yelabug. He was canonized as a Russian Saint by the Russian Orthodox Church in 2000.-Education:...

    , bishop of Sarapul
    Sarapul
    Sarapul is a city and a river port in the Udmurt Republic, Russia, located on the right bank of the Kama River, southeast of Izhevsk. Population: -History:...

     and Yelabuga
    Yelabuga
    Yelabuga The history of the settlement dates back to the 11th century, when a Volga Bulgarian border castle was established. The castle was later abandoned, and its remains are now known as Şaytan qalası ....

     before the Russian Revolution of 1917
    Russian Revolution of 1917
    The Russian Revolution is the collective term for a series of revolutions in Russia in 1917, which destroyed the Tsarist autocracy and led to the creation of the Soviet Union. The Tsar was deposed and replaced by a provisional government in the first revolution of February 1917...

  • Andrei Rublev
    Andrei Rublev
    Andrei Rublev is considered to be the greatest medieval Russian painter of Orthodox icons and frescoes.-Biography:...

    , most famous Russian icon-painter
    Russian icons
    The use and making of icons entered Kievan Rus' following its conversion to Orthodox Christianity in 988 AD. As a general rule, these icons strictly followed models and formulas hallowed by Byzantine art, led from the capital in Constantinople...

    , author of the Trinity
    Trinity (Andrei Rublev)
    Trinity is a Holy Trinity Icon, believed to be created by Russian painter Andrei Rublev in the XV century. It is his most famous work, as well regarded as one of the highest achievements of Russian art. Trinity depicts the three angels who visited Abraham at the oak of Mamre Trinity is a Holy...

  • Andronic Nikolsky
    Andronic Nikolsky
    Andronik , also spelled Andronic, was a bishop in the Russian Orthodox Church and a saint, glorified as Hieromartyr Andronik, Archbishop Of Perm in 2000.- Early life :...

    , bishop, hieromartyr
    Hieromartyr
    In the Eastern Orthodox tradition, a hieromartyr is a martyr who was also one of the clergy . In like manner a priest-monk is often called a hieromonk....

     killed during the Russian Revolution of 1917
    Russian Revolution of 1917
    The Russian Revolution is the collective term for a series of revolutions in Russia in 1917, which destroyed the Tsarist autocracy and led to the creation of the Soviet Union. The Tsar was deposed and replaced by a provisional government in the first revolution of February 1917...

  • Anna of Kashin
    Anna of Kashin
    Saint Anna of Kashin was a Russian princess from the Rurik Dynasty, who was canonized in 1650.-Life:Anna was a daughter of Prince Dmitry Borisovich of Rostov and a great-granddaughter of Prince Vasily of Rostov. From her earliest years, Anna was brought up strictly Christian. She was taught the...

    , medieval princess, wife of Mikhail of Tver, was twice canonized as a holy protectress of women who suffer the loss of relatives, having lost all her relatives due to wars with the Golden Horde
    Golden Horde
    The Golden Horde was a Mongol and later Turkicized khanate that formed the north-western sector of the Mongol Empire...

  • Anthony, John, and Eustathios
    Anthony, John, and Eustathios
    Anthony, John, and Eustathius are saints and martyrs of the Russian Orthodox Church. Their feast day is celebrated on April 14 in the horologion....

    , martyrs executed by pagan Lithuanian Grand Duke
    Grand Duchy of Lithuania
    The Grand Duchy of Lithuania was a European state from the 12th /13th century until 1569 and then as a constituent part of Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth until 1791 when Constitution of May 3, 1791 abolished it in favor of unitary state. It was founded by the Lithuanians, one of the polytheistic...

     Algirdas
    Algirdas
    Algirdas was a monarch of medieval Lithuania. Algirdas ruled the Grand Duchy of Lithuania from 1345 to 1377, which chiefly meant monarch of Lithuanians and Ruthenians...

  • Anthony of Kiev, co-founder of the Kiev Pechersk Lavra
    Kiev Pechersk Lavra
    Kiev Pechersk Lavra or Kyiv Pechersk Lavra , also known as the Kiev Monastery of the Caves, is a historic Orthodox Christian monastery which gave its name to one of the city districts where it is located in Kiev, the capital of Ukraine....

    , the first monastery
    Monastery
    Monastery denotes the building, or complex of buildings, that houses a room reserved for prayer as well as the domestic quarters and workplace of monastics, whether monks or nuns, and whether living in community or alone .Monasteries may vary greatly in size – a small dwelling accommodating only...

     in Russia
  • Antony of Siya
    Antony of Siya
    Antony of Siya was a Russian Orthodox monk who was made a saint after his death. He founded the Antonievo-Siysky Monastery on the River Siya in modern Arkhangelsk Oblast, Russia....

    , founder of the Antonievo-Siysky Monastery
    Antonievo-Siysky Monastery
    Antonievo-Siysky Monastery is a Russian Orthodox monastery that was founded by Saint Anthony of Siya deep in the woods, 90 km to the south of Kholmogory, in 1520...

  • Arseny Matseyevich, archbishop
    Archbishop
    An archbishop is a bishop of higher rank, but not of higher sacramental order above that of the three orders of deacon, priest , and bishop...

     of Rostov
    Rostov
    Rostov is a town in Yaroslavl Oblast, Russia, one of the oldest in the country and a tourist center of the Golden Ring. It is located on the shores of Lake Nero, northeast of Moscow. Population:...

     who protested against the confiscation of the church's land by Empress Catherine II in 1764, was deprived of his office and imprisoned in a fortress until his death
  • Artemy of Verkola
    Artemy of Verkola
    Artemy of Verkola is a child saint venerated in the Russian Orthodox Church.According to his hagiography, he was an unusually pious peasant child who lived in northern Russia. He was struck by lightning while helping his father plow the fields and was killed instantly...

    , 16th-century child saint
    Child saint
    Child saints are children and adolescents who died or were martyred and have been declared saints or martyrs of the Roman Catholic, Eastern Orthodox, Coptic Orthodox, Anglican, Episcopalian, or Lutheran Churches or have been beatified or venerated by those churches.-List of child saints:*110 Infant...

     whose body showed no sign of decay
    Incorruptibility
    Incorruptibility is a Roman Catholic and Eastern Orthodox belief that supernatural intervention allows some human bodies to avoid the normal process of decomposition after death as a sign of their holiness...

  • Athanasius of Brest-Litovsk
    Athanasius of Brest-Litovsk
    The holy hieromartyr Athanasius of Brest-Litovsk is a saint and martyr of the Russian Orthodox Church. He was killed by Catholics for opposition to the Union of Brest...

    , martyr killed by Catholics for opposition to the Union of Brest
    Union of Brest
    Union of Brest or Union of Brześć refers to the 1595-1596 decision of the Church of Rus', the "Metropolia of Kiev-Halych and all Rus'", to break relations with the Patriarch of Constantinople and place themselves under the Pope of Rome. At the time, this church included most Ukrainians and...

     in the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth
  • Avraamy of Galich
    Avraamy of Galich
    Abraham Galitzki was an abbot of the Russian Orthodox Church.He was a disciple of Sergius of Radonezh, and later went on to found four monasteries on Chukhloma Lake, in the Galich district of Kostroma Oblast...

    , founder of four monasteries on Lake Chukhloma
    Lake Chukhloma
    Chukhloma Lake is a freshwater lake in Kostroma Oblast in Russia. It is located at around , at an altitude of 148 meters above sealevel. It has an area of 48.7 km², and an average depth of 4.5 meters....

     in Kostroma Oblast
    Kostroma Oblast
    Kostroma Oblast is a federal subject of Russia . Its administrative center is the city of Kostroma.Major historic towns include Kostroma, Sharya, Nerekhta, Galich, Soligalich, and Makaryev. Textile industries have been developed there since the early 18th century...

  • Avraamy Mirozhsky
    Avraamy Mirozhsky
    Abraham of Miroshsk was an abbot of the Mirozhsky Monastery at Pskov in Russia.His feast day is observed on September 24.-References:...

    , a 12th-century abbot of the Mirozhsky Monastery
    Mirozhsky Monastery
    Mirozhsky Monastery – a 12th-century monastery complex in Pskov, Russia, famous for its frescoes, located in The Christ's Transfiguration Cathedral. The name of the monastery is derived from the name of the Mirozha River, near which it’s situated...

     at Pskov
    Pskov
    Pskov is an ancient city and the administrative center of Pskov Oblast, Russia, located in the northwest of Russia about east from the Estonian border, on the Velikaya River. Population: -Early history:...


B

  • Barlaam of Kiev
    Barlaam of Kiev
    Barlaam of Kiev was an Eastern Orthodox saint. He was the first abbot of the monastery Kiev Pechersk Lavra, located in Kiev, Ukraine and served together with Anthony of Kiev....

    , the first abbot
    Abbot
    The word abbot, meaning father, is a title given to the head of a monastery in various traditions, including Christianity. The office may also be given as an honorary title to a clergyman who is not actually the head of a monastery...

     of the Kiev Pechersk Lavra
  • Barlaam of Khutyn
    Barlaam of Khutyn
    Barlaam of Khutyn , also known as Varlaam, was a hermit. Born Alexis Milchalevich to a wealthy family from Novgorod. After the death of his parents, he became a hermit on the Volga and handed all of his inheritance to the poor. At this time he had gained many followers...

    , founder of the Khutyn Monastery
    Khutyn Monastery
    Khutyn Monastery of Saviour's Transfiguration and of St. Varlaam used to be the holiest monastery of the medieval Novgorod Republic. The monastery is situated on the right bank of the Volkhov River some 10 km north northeast of Velikiy Novgorod, in the village of Khutyn, whose name is perhaps...

     in Novgorod Republic
    Novgorod Republic
    The Novgorod Republic was a large medieval Russian state which stretched from the Baltic Sea to the Ural Mountains between the 12th and 15th centuries, centred on the city of Novgorod...

  • Basil Fool for Christ
    Basil Fool for Christ
    Basil the Blessed is a Russian Orthodox saint of the type known as yurodivy or "holy fool for Christ"....

    , yurodivy
    Yurodivy
    Foolishness for Christ refers to behavior such as giving up all one's worldly possessions upon joining a monastic order. It can also refer to deliberate flouting of society's conventions to serve a religious purpose — particularly of Christianity. The term fools for Christ derives from the writings...

     who gave his name to St. Basil's Cathedral on the Red Square
    Red Square
    Red Square is a city square in Moscow, Russia. The square separates the Kremlin, the former royal citadel and currently the official residence of the President of Russia, from a historic merchant quarter known as Kitai-gorod...

     (actually the correct name is the Cathedral of the Intercession or Pokrovsky Sobor)
  • Boris and Gleb
    Boris and Gleb
    Boris and Gleb , Christian names Roman and David, respectively, were the first saints canonized in Kievan Rus' after the Christianization of the country....

    , children of Vladimir the Great, the first saints canonized in Kievan Rus'
    Kievan Rus'
    Kievan Rus was a medieval polity in Eastern Europe, from the late 9th to the mid 13th century, when it disintegrated under the pressure of the Mongol invasion of 1237–1240....

  • Ignatius Bryanchaninov, major 19th century spiritual writer

C

  • Charitina of Lithuania
    Charitina of Lithuania
    Charitina of Lithuania is a saint in the Eastern Orthodox Church. Her feast is on October 5. Because her hagiography did not survive, very little is known about her life. Charitina was a noblewoman from the pagan Grand Duchy of Lithuania who became a nun in Novgorod. Possibly she was arranged to...

    , noblewoman from the pagan Grand Duchy of Lithuania
    Grand Duchy of Lithuania
    The Grand Duchy of Lithuania was a European state from the 12th /13th century until 1569 and then as a constituent part of Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth until 1791 when Constitution of May 3, 1791 abolished it in favor of unitary state. It was founded by the Lithuanians, one of the polytheistic...

     who became a nun
    Nun
    A nun is a woman who has taken vows committing her to live a spiritual life. She may be an ascetic who voluntarily chooses to leave mainstream society and live her life in prayer and contemplation in a monastery or convent...

     in Novgorod
    Veliky Novgorod
    Veliky Novgorod is one of Russia's most historic cities and the administrative center of Novgorod Oblast. It is situated on the M10 federal highway connecting Moscow and St. Petersburg. The city lies along the Volkhov River just below its outflow from Lake Ilmen...

  • Cyprian, Metropolitan of Moscow
    Cyprian, Metropolitan of Moscow
    Cyprian was Metropolitan of Moscow , Metropolitan of Moscow and all Russia . He lived for some time at Mount Athos...

    , Metropolitan of Moscow and all Russia who united the churches of the Grand Duchy of Moscow
    Grand Duchy of Moscow
    The Grand Duchy of Moscow or Grand Principality of Moscow, also known in English simply as Muscovy , was a late medieval Rus' principality centered on Moscow, and the predecessor state of the early modern Tsardom of Russia....

     and Grand Duchy of Lithuania
    Grand Duchy of Lithuania
    The Grand Duchy of Lithuania was a European state from the 12th /13th century until 1569 and then as a constituent part of Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth until 1791 when Constitution of May 3, 1791 abolished it in favor of unitary state. It was founded by the Lithuanians, one of the polytheistic...

     for a period
  • Cyrill of Turov
    Cyril of Turaw
    Cyril of Turaŭ was a bishop and saint. He was one of the first and finest theologians of Kievan Rus'; he lived in Turaw, now Southern Belarus...

    , bishop of Turov, one of the first and finest theologians and writer
    Writer
    A writer is a person who produces literature, such as novels, short stories, plays, screenplays, poetry, or other literary art. Skilled writers are able to use language to portray ideas and images....

    s of Kievan Rus'
    Kievan Rus'
    Kievan Rus was a medieval polity in Eastern Europe, from the late 9th to the mid 13th century, when it disintegrated under the pressure of the Mongol invasion of 1237–1240....


D

  • Daniel of Moscow
    Daniel of Moscow
    Daniil Aleksandrovich was the youngest son of Alexander Nevsky and forefather of all the Grand Princes of Moscow....

    , the first Grand Prince of Moscow
    Grand Prince of Moscow
    This is a list of Princes and Grand Princes of Russian Grand Duchy of Moscow.Note: the first 3 Princes are not members of the family of Daniel of Russia and their ownership of Moscow is disputed.- Princes of Moscow :* Vladimir Yuryevich This is a list of Princes and Grand Princes of Russian Grand...

    , founder of the first Moscow
    Moscow
    Moscow is the capital, the most populous city, and the most populous federal subject of Russia. The city is a major political, economic, cultural, scientific, religious, financial, educational, and transportation centre of Russia and the continent...

     monasteries (Epiphany Monastery
    Epiphany Monastery
    The Epiphany Monastery is the oldest male monastery in Moscow, situated in the Kitai gorod, just one block away from the Moscow Kremlin.According to a legend, it was founded by Daniel, the first prince of Moscow, around 1296. It is also believed that a would-be metropolitan Alexis was one of the...

     and Danilov Monastery
    Danilov Monastery
    Danilov Monastery, in full Svyato-Danilov Monastery or Holy Danilov Monastery , is a monastery on the right bank of the Moskva River in Moscow, Russia...

    )
  • Daumantas of Pskov
    Daumantas of Pskov
    Daumantas, later Dovmont , Christian name Timothy , ; c. 1240? – May 17, 1299), was a Lithuanian princeling best remembered as a military leader of the Pskov Republic between 1266 and 1299...

    , ruler of Pskov
    Pskov
    Pskov is an ancient city and the administrative center of Pskov Oblast, Russia, located in the northwest of Russia about east from the Estonian border, on the Velikaya River. Population: -Early history:...

     who made the city independent from Novgorod Republic
    Novgorod Republic
    The Novgorod Republic was a large medieval Russian state which stretched from the Baltic Sea to the Ural Mountains between the 12th and 15th centuries, centred on the city of Novgorod...

    , defender of Russia from the Livonian Order
    Livonian Order
    The Livonian Order was an autonomous Livonian branch of the Teutonic Order and a member of the Livonian Confederation from 1435–1561. After being defeated by Samogitians in the 1236 Battle of Schaulen , the remnants of the Livonian Brothers of the Sword were incorporated into the Teutonic Knights...

  • Tsarevich Dmitry, son of Ivan the Terrible, mysteriously died or killed, later impersonated by the impostors False Dmitry I and False Dmitry II
    False Dmitry II
    False Dmitry II , also called the rebel of Tushino, was the second of three pretenders to the Russian throne who claimed to be Tsarevich Dmitry Ivanovich of Russia, the youngest son of Ivan the Terrible...

     during the Time of Troubles
    Time of Troubles
    The Time of Troubles was a period of Russian history comprising the years of interregnum between the death of the last Russian Tsar of the Rurik Dynasty, Feodor Ivanovich, in 1598, and the establishment of the Romanov Dynasty in 1613. In 1601-1603, Russia suffered a famine that killed one-third...

  • Dmitry Donskoy, war hero, the first Prince of Moscow to openly challenge Mongol authority in Russia, famous for the Battle of Kulikovo
    Battle of Kulikovo
    The Battle of Kulikovo was a battle between Tatar Mamai and Muscovy Dmitriy and portrayed by Russian historiography as a stand-off between Russians and the Golden Horde. However, the political situation at the time was much more complicated and concerned the politics of the Northeastern Rus'...

  • Dimitry of Rostov
    Dimitry of Rostov
    Saint Dimitry of Rostov was a leading opponent of the Caesaropapist reform of the Russian Orthodox church promoted by Feofan Prokopovich. He is representative of the strong Ukrainian influence upon the Russian Orthodox Church at the turn of the 17th and 18th centuries...

    , a leading opponent of the Caesaropapist reform of the Russian Orthodox church promoted by Feofan Prokopovich
    Feofan Prokopovich
    thumb|Theophan ProkopovichFeofan/Theophan Prokopovich was an archbishop and statesman in the Russian Empire, of Ukrainian descent. He elaborated and implemented Peter the Great's reform of the Russian Orthodox Church...

     and Peter I
    Peter I of Russia
    Peter the Great, Peter I or Pyotr Alexeyevich Romanov Dates indicated by the letters "O.S." are Old Style. All other dates in this article are New Style. ruled the Tsardom of Russia and later the Russian Empire from until his death, jointly ruling before 1696 with his half-brother, Ivan V...

    , major religious writer

E

  • Grand Duchess Elizabeth Feodorovna, senior sister of the last Russian Empress Alexandra Feodorovna, became a prominent nun
    Nun
    A nun is a woman who has taken vows committing her to live a spiritual life. She may be an ascetic who voluntarily chooses to leave mainstream society and live her life in prayer and contemplation in a monastery or convent...

     after her husband was murdered by revolutionary terrorists, founded the Marfo-Mariinsky Convent
    Marfo-Mariinsky Convent
    Marfo-Mariinsky Convent, or Martha and Mary Convent of Mercy in the Possession of Grand Duchess Elizabeth Feodorovna is a female cloister in Moscow....

  • Ephraim of Pereyaslavl
    Ephraim of Pereyaslavl
    Saint Ephraim of Pereyaslav, also Saint Ephraim of the Caves or Saint Ephraim, Bishop of Pereslav - Eastern Orthodox saint, bishop of Pereyaslav ....

    , Metropolitan of Kiev and All-Rus' in the late 11th century
  • Epiphanius the Wise
    Epiphanius the Wise
    Epiphanius the Wise was a monk from Rostov, hagiographer and disciple of Saint Sergius of Radonezh.He wrote hagiographies of both Saint Stephen of Perm and St. Sergius. The latter, The Life of Sergii Radonezhsky, he started to write a year after the death of Saint Sergius according to his own...

    , a monk from Rostov
    Rostov
    Rostov is a town in Yaroslavl Oblast, Russia, one of the oldest in the country and a tourist center of the Golden Ring. It is located on the shores of Lake Nero, northeast of Moscow. Population:...

    , disciple of Saint Sergius of Radonezh, hagiographer of Saint Sergius and Saint Stephen of Perm
  • Eudoxia of Moscow
    Eudoxia of Moscow
    Eudoxia Dmitriyevna —monastic name, Euphrosyne— was a Grand Duchess of Muscovy and wife of Dmitry Donskoy.-Family:Eudoxia Dmitriyevna was a daughter of Dmitry Konstantinovich, Grand Prince of Nizhny Novgorod and Vasilisa of Rostov....

    , wife of Dmitry Donskoy, healer, founded the Ascension Monastery and the Church of the Nativity of the Theotokos
    Nativity of the Theotokos
    The Nativity of the Theotokos, celebrating the birth of Mary, is one of the Twelve Great Feasts of the Eastern Orthodox liturgical year. It is celebrated on September 8 on the liturgical calendar .According to the sacred tradition of the Orthodox Church,...

    , the oldest surviving building in Moscow
    Moscow
    Moscow is the capital, the most populous city, and the most populous federal subject of Russia. The city is a major political, economic, cultural, scientific, religious, financial, educational, and transportation centre of Russia and the continent...

  • Euphrosyne of Polatsk
    Euphrosyne of Polatsk
    Euphrosyne of Polotsk was the granddaughter of a prince of Polotsk, Vseslav....

    , granddaughter of a prince of Polotsk
    Prince of Polotsk
    The Princes of Polotsk ruled the Principality of Polotsk within the realm of Kievan Rus or within the Grand Duchy of Lithuania from the mid ninth century to 1307.Rogvold, a non-Rurikid Varangian, was the first Prince of Polotsk...

    , Vseslav
    Vseslav of Polotsk
    Vseslav of Polotsk , also known as Vseslav the Sorcerer or Vseslav the Seer, was the most famous ruler of Polotsk and was briefly Grand Prince of Kiev in 1068–1069. Together with Rostislav Vladimirovich and voivode Vyshata made up a coalition against the Yaroslaviches triumvirate...

    , owner of Cross of Saint Euphrosyne
    Cross of Saint Euphrosyne
    The Cross of Saint Euphrosyne was a revered relic of the Russian Orthodox Church and Belarus, which was made in 1161 by Lazar Bogsha for the order of Saint Euphrosyne of Polatsk and lost in June 1941 in Mahilyow....

  • Euphrosynus of Pskov
    Euphrosynus of Pskov
    Saint Euphrosynus of Pskov was a Russian monk and founder of a monastic community.Euphrosynus was born as Eleazar in Videlebe, a village near Pskov. He entered the Snetogorsky monastery in Pskov, where he took the monastic name Euphrosynus. Around 1425 he began living in a hermitage, where he...

    , 15th century monk from Snetogorsky Monastery who founded a monastic community near Pskov
    Pskov
    Pskov is an ancient city and the administrative center of Pskov Oblast, Russia, located in the northwest of Russia about east from the Estonian border, on the Velikaya River. Population: -Early history:...

  • Evfimy II of Novgorod, Archbishop of Novgorod
    Archbishop of Novgorod
    The Archbishop of Novgorod is the head of the eparchy of Novgorod the Great and is one of the oldest offices in the Russian Orthodox Church. The archbishops have, in fact, been among the most important figures in medieval Russian history and culture and their successors continued to play...

     in the 15th century, major patron of arts

F

  • Feodor Kuzmich
    Feodor Kuzmich
    Feodor Kuzmich , also Feodor Kozmich, Feodor of Tomsk, or Fomich was a Russian Orthodox starets. He has been canonized as a righteous saint by the Russian Orthodox Church in 1984....

    , starets
    Starets
    A starets is an elder of a Russian Orthodox monastery who functions as venerated adviser and teacher. Elders or spiritual fathers are charismatic spiritual leaders whose wisdom stems from God as obtained from ascetic experience...

     who according to a legend was in fact Alexander I of Russia
    Alexander I of Russia
    Alexander I of Russia , served as Emperor of Russia from 23 March 1801 to 1 December 1825 and the first Russian King of Poland from 1815 to 1825. He was also the first Russian Grand Duke of Finland and Lithuania....

     who faked his death to become a hermit
  • Fyodor Ushakov, the most illustrious Russian Admiral
    Admiral
    Admiral is the rank, or part of the name of the ranks, of the highest naval officers. It is usually considered a full admiral and above vice admiral and below admiral of the fleet . It is usually abbreviated to "Adm" or "ADM"...

     of the 18th century, did not lose a single ship in 43 battles

G

  • Gavriil of Belostok, 17th-century child saint
    Child saint
    Child saints are children and adolescents who died or were martyred and have been declared saints or martyrs of the Roman Catholic, Eastern Orthodox, Coptic Orthodox, Anglican, Episcopalian, or Lutheran Churches or have been beatified or venerated by those churches.-List of child saints:*110 Infant...

  • Gennady of Novgorod, compiled the first complete codex of the Bible
    Bible
    The Bible refers to any one of the collections of the primary religious texts of Judaism and Christianity. There is no common version of the Bible, as the individual books , their contents and their order vary among denominations...

     in Slavic, the Gennady Bible
  • German of Solovki
    German of Solovki
    St. German of Solovki was one of the founders of the Solovetsky Monastery. In total, he lived in Solovetsky Islands, at the time, the most remote location, for about 50 years....

    , one of the founders of the Solovetsky Monastery
    Solovetsky Monastery
    Solovetsky Monastery was the greatest citadel of Christianity in the Russian North before being turned into a special Soviet prison and labor camp , which served as a prototype for the GULag system. Situated on the Solovetsky Islands in the White Sea, the monastery braved many changes of fortune...

  • Germanus of Kazan and Svjazsk
    Germanus of Kazan and Svjazsk
    Metropolitan Gherman or Saint Gherman was an archbishop of Kazan and later Metropolitan of Moscow....

    , a Metropolitan of Moscow and all Russia during the reign of Ivan the Terrible

H

  • Herman of Valaam
    Herman of Valaam
    Herman of Valaam - a saint of the Russian Orthodox Church. Herman of Valaam together with Sergius of Valaam are considered to be the founders of the Valaam Monastery...

    , preached Christianity to Karelians
    Karelians
    The Karelians are a Baltic-Finnic ethnic group living mostly in the Republic of Karelia and in other north-western parts of the Russian Federation. The historic homeland of Karelians includes also parts of present-day Eastern Finland and the formerly Finnish territory of Ladoga Karelia...

     and Finns, co-founder of the Valaam Monastery
    Valaam Monastery
    The Valaam Monastery, or Valamo Monastery is a stauropegic Orthodox monastery in Russian Karelia, located on Valaam, the largest island in Lake Ladoga, the largest lake in Europe.-History:...

  • Herman of Alaska
    Herman of Alaska
    Saint Herman of Alaska was one of the first Eastern Orthodox missionaries to the New World, and is considered by Orthodox Christians to be the patron saint of the Americas.-Biography:Saint Herman was born in the town of Serpukhov in the Moscow Diocese around 1756...

    , one of the first Eastern Orthodox missionaries to the New World
    New World
    The New World is one of the names used for the Western Hemisphere, specifically America and sometimes Oceania . The term originated in the late 15th century, when America had been recently discovered by European explorers, expanding the geographical horizon of the people of the European middle...

    , patron saint
    Patron saint
    A patron saint is a saint who is regarded as the intercessor and advocate in heaven of a nation, place, craft, activity, class, clan, family, or person...

     of the Americas
    Americas
    The Americas, or America , are lands in the Western hemisphere, also known as the New World. In English, the plural form the Americas is often used to refer to the landmasses of North America and South America with their associated islands and regions, while the singular form America is primarily...

  • Hermogenes, Bishop of Tobolsk and Siberia
    Hermogenes, Bishop of Tobolsk and Siberia
    Saint martyr Hermogenes, Bishop of Tobolsk and Siberia ; 1858-1918) was a prominent Russian Orthodox religious figure. Influenced by Nicanor, Bishop of Kherson, he chose the Orthodox ministry after finishing the Novorossiysk University. Following his education in Saint Petersburg Theological...

    , martyr killed during the Russian Revolution
  • Hilarion of Kiev
    Hilarion of Kiev
    Hilarion or Ilarion was the first non-Greek Metropolitan of Kiev. While there is not much verifiable information regarding Ilarion's biography, there are several aspects of his life which have come to be generally accepted....

    , the first non-Greek
    Greeks
    The Greeks, also known as the Hellenes , are a nation and ethnic group native to Greece, Cyprus and neighboring regions. They also form a significant diaspora, with Greek communities established around the world....

     Metropolitan
    Metropolitan bishop
    In Christian churches with episcopal polity, the rank of metropolitan bishop, or simply metropolitan, pertains to the diocesan bishop or archbishop of a metropolis; that is, the chief city of a historical Roman province, ecclesiastical province, or regional capital.Before the establishment of...

     of Kiev
    Kiev
    Kiev or Kyiv is the capital and the largest city of Ukraine, located in the north central part of the country on the Dnieper River. The population as of the 2001 census was 2,611,300. However, higher numbers have been cited in the press....

    , the author of the Sermon on Law and Grace
    Sermon on Law and Grace
    The Sermon on Law and Grace is a sermon written between 1037 and 1051 by the Kievan Metropolitan Hilarion. It is one of the earliest Slavonic texts available, having been written several decades before the Primary Chronicle...

    , one of the earliest Slavonic texts known

I

  • Igor II of Kiev
    Igor II of Kiev
    Igor II Olgovich , Prince of Chernigov and Grand Prince of Kiev . Son of Oleg Svyatoslavich of Chernigov . Saint - feast day: 5 June....

    , Grand Prince of Kiev turned monk, martyr
  • Prince Igor Constantinovich of Russia, a member of the Romanov family, killed by Bolsheviks
  • Innocent of Irkutsk, a missionary to Siberia
    Siberia
    Siberia is an extensive region constituting almost all of Northern Asia. Comprising the central and eastern portion of the Russian Federation, it was part of the Soviet Union from its beginning, as its predecessor states, the Tsardom of Russia and the Russian Empire, conquered it during the 16th...

     and the first bishop of Irkutsk
    Irkutsk
    Irkutsk is a city and the administrative center of Irkutsk Oblast, Russia, one of the largest cities in Siberia. Population: .-History:In 1652, Ivan Pokhabov built a zimovye near the site of Irkutsk for gold trading and for the collection of fur taxes from the Buryats. In 1661, Yakov Pokhabov...

  • Ioakim Korsunianin
    Ioakim Korsunianin
    Ioakim Korsunianin was the first bishop of Novgorod the Great . As his surname suggests, he probably came from the Byzantine town of Cherson on the Crimean Peninsula and was sent to Kievan Rus' about 989...

    , the first bishop of Novgorod the Great and builder of the original wooden Saint Sophia Cathedral in Novgorod
    Saint Sophia Cathedral in Novgorod
    The Cathedral of St. Sophia in the Kremlin in Veliky Novgorod is the cathedral church of the Archbishop of Novgorod and the mother church of the Novgorodian Eparchy.-History:...

  • Irenarch, a 16th century hermit
    Hermit
    A hermit is a person who lives, to some degree, in seclusion from society.In Christianity, the term was originally applied to a Christian who lives the eremitic life out of a religious conviction, namely the Desert Theology of the Old Testament .In the...

     of Rostov
    Rostov
    Rostov is a town in Yaroslavl Oblast, Russia, one of the oldest in the country and a tourist center of the Golden Ring. It is located on the shores of Lake Nero, northeast of Moscow. Population:...

    , mystic
    Mysticism
    Mysticism is the knowledge of, and especially the personal experience of, states of consciousness, i.e. levels of being, beyond normal human perception, including experience and even communion with a supreme being.-Classical origins:...

     and visionary
    Visionary
    Defined broadly, a visionary, is one who can envision the future. For some groups this can involve the supernatural or drugs.The visionary state is achieved via meditation, drugs, lucid dreams, daydreams, or art. One example is Hildegard of Bingen, a 12th century artist/visionary and Catholic saint...

    , a companion of John the Hairy
    John the Hairy
    Blessed John the Hairy was a holy fool , of the Russian Orthodox Church in the second half of the 16th century. He endured a great many trials in his lifetime...

  • Isaiah of Rostov
    Isaiah of Rostov
    Saint Isaiah of Rostov was a Russian Christian missionary and bishop. His feast day in the Russian Orthodox Church is celebrated on May 15....

    , 11th century missionary, the second bishop of Rostov
    Rostov
    Rostov is a town in Yaroslavl Oblast, Russia, one of the oldest in the country and a tourist center of the Golden Ring. It is located on the shores of Lake Nero, northeast of Moscow. Population:...


J

  • Jacob Netsvetov
    Jacob Netsvetov
    Jacob Netsvetov, Enlightener of Alaska, was a native of the Aleutian Islands who became a priest of the Orthodox Church and continued the missionary work of St. Innocent among his and other Alaskan people. His feast day is celebrated on the day of his repose, July 26.-Early life:Father Jacob was...

    , a Russian native of the Aleutian Islands who became a priest and missionary among Alaska
    Alaska
    Alaska is the largest state in the United States by area. It is situated in the northwest extremity of the North American continent, with Canada to the east, the Arctic Ocean to the north, and the Pacific Ocean to the west and south, with Russia further west across the Bering Strait...

    n peoples
  • Job of Maniava
    Job of Maniava
    Job of Maniava, tonsured a monk with the name Ezekiel, born Ivan Knyahynytskyi was a Ukrainian Orthodox saint and an Orthodox clerical activist.-Birth and early years:...

    , defender of Russian Orthodoxy
    Russian Orthodox Church
    The Russian Orthodox Church or, alternatively, the Moscow Patriarchate The ROC is often said to be the largest of the Eastern Orthodox churches in the world; including all the autocephalous churches under its umbrella, its adherents number over 150 million worldwide—about half of the 300 million...

     in Ukraine
    Ukraine
    Ukraine is a country in Eastern Europe. It has an area of 603,628 km², making it the second largest contiguous country on the European continent, after Russia...

    , the founder of Maniava Skit
  • Job of Pochayiv, defender of Russian Orthodoxy
    Russian Orthodox Church
    The Russian Orthodox Church or, alternatively, the Moscow Patriarchate The ROC is often said to be the largest of the Eastern Orthodox churches in the world; including all the autocephalous churches under its umbrella, its adherents number over 150 million worldwide—about half of the 300 million...

     in Ukraine
    Ukraine
    Ukraine is a country in Eastern Europe. It has an area of 603,628 km², making it the second largest contiguous country on the European continent, after Russia...

    , a prominent hegumen
    Hegumen
    Hegumen, hegumenos, igumen, or ihumen is the title for the head of a monastery of the Eastern Orthodox Church or Eastern Catholic Churches, similar to the one of abbot. The head of a convent of nuns is called hegumenia or ihumenia . The term means "the one who is in charge", "the leader" in...

     and builder of Pochayiv Lavra
    Pochayiv Lavra
    Holy Dormition Pochayiv Lavra has for centuries been the foremost spiritual and ideological centre of various Orthodox denominations in Western Ukraine. The monastery tops a 60-metre hill in the town of Pochayiv, Ternopil Oblast, 18 km southwest of Kremenets and 50 km north of Ternopil...

  • John the Hairy
    John the Hairy
    Blessed John the Hairy was a holy fool , of the Russian Orthodox Church in the second half of the 16th century. He endured a great many trials in his lifetime...

    , 16th century yurodivy
    Yurodivy
    Foolishness for Christ refers to behavior such as giving up all one's worldly possessions upon joining a monastic order. It can also refer to deliberate flouting of society's conventions to serve a religious purpose — particularly of Christianity. The term fools for Christ derives from the writings...

     (Fool-for-Christ), a companion of Irenarch of Rostov
    Rostov
    Rostov is a town in Yaroslavl Oblast, Russia, one of the oldest in the country and a tourist center of the Golden Ring. It is located on the shores of Lake Nero, northeast of Moscow. Population:...

  • John Kochurov
    John Kochurov
    John Kochurov, hieromartyr of the Soviet revolution, was one of a number of young educated priests who came to the United States in the late 1890s as missionaries among the émigrés from Carpatho-Russia and Galicia. He was active in establishing parishes and aiding communities, mainly in the Midwest...

    , early 20th century Orthodox missionary to the United States
    United States
    The United States of America is a federal constitutional republic comprising fifty states and a federal district...

    , later hieromartyr
    Hieromartyr
    In the Eastern Orthodox tradition, a hieromartyr is a martyr who was also one of the clergy . In like manner a priest-monk is often called a hieromonk....

     killed by Bolsheviks during the October Revolution
    October Revolution
    The October Revolution , also known as the Great October Socialist Revolution , Red October, the October Uprising or the Bolshevik Revolution, was a political revolution and a part of the Russian Revolution of 1917...

  • John of Kronstadt
    John of Kronstadt
    Saint John of Kronstadt was a Russian Orthodox archpriest and member of the synod of the Russian Orthodox Church. He was a striking and somewhat unconventional figure in his personality but was deeply pious and immensely energetic...

    , patron saint
    Patron saint
    A patron saint is a saint who is regarded as the intercessor and advocate in heaven of a nation, place, craft, activity, class, clan, family, or person...

     of St Petersburg, mystic and religious writer
  • John of Moscow
    Blessed John of Moscow the Fool-For-Christ
    Born on the outskirts of Vologda in Russia, Blessed John of Moscow the Fool for Christ, Wonderworker of Moscow, spent his youth as a labourer in a local saltworks and as a water-carrier...

    , Fool-for-Christ and wonderworker of Moscow
    Moscow
    Moscow is the capital, the most populous city, and the most populous federal subject of Russia. The city is a major political, economic, cultural, scientific, religious, financial, educational, and transportation centre of Russia and the continent...

     during the reign of Boris Godunov
    Boris Godunov
    Boris Fyodorovich Godunov was de facto regent of Russia from c. 1585 to 1598 and then the first non-Rurikid tsar from 1598 to 1605. The end of his reign saw Russia descend into the Time of Troubles.-Early years:...

  • John of Novgorod, highly venerated 12th century Archbishop of Novgorod
    Archbishop of Novgorod
    The Archbishop of Novgorod is the head of the eparchy of Novgorod the Great and is one of the oldest offices in the Russian Orthodox Church. The archbishops have, in fact, been among the most important figures in medieval Russian history and culture and their successors continued to play...

  • John of Pskov
    John of Pskov
    Saint John, Hermit of Pskov lived in a period of terrible suffering and war between the Russian, Polish, and Swedish governments at the turn of the 16th to 17th centuries....

    , a hermit living in Pskov
    Pskov
    Pskov is an ancient city and the administrative center of Pskov Oblast, Russia, located in the northwest of Russia about east from the Estonian border, on the Velikaya River. Population: -Early history:...

     at the turn of the 16th to 17th centuries
  • John the Russian
    John the Russian
    Saint John the Russian is one of the most renowned saints in the Greek Orthodox Church. Being a prisoner of war and a slave to a Turkish Agha, he became famous and respected even by his Muslim master for his humility, steadiness in faith and benevolence...

    , one of the most renowned saints in the Greek Orthodox Church
    Greek Orthodox Church
    The Greek Orthodox Church is the body of several churches within the larger communion of Eastern Orthodox Christianity sharing a common cultural tradition whose liturgy is also traditionally conducted in Koine Greek, the original language of the New Testament...

    , 18th century Russian prisoner of war in the Ottoman Empire
    Ottoman Empire
    The Ottoman EmpireIt was usually referred to as the "Ottoman Empire", the "Turkish Empire", the "Ottoman Caliphate" or more commonly "Turkey" by its contemporaries...

    , wonderworker respected even by Muslims
  • John of Shanghai and San Francisco
    John of Shanghai and San Francisco
    Saint John of Shanghai and San Francisco also John the Wonderworker was a noted Eastern Orthodox ascetic and hierarch of the Russian Orthodox Church Outside of Russia who was active in the mid-20th century...

    , a leader of the Russian Orthodox Church Outside of Russia
  • John of Tobolsk
    John of Tobolsk
    Saint John of Tobolsk was born in Uman, in the Kiev Oblast of Ukraine. He was the only one of the seven sons of Maxim Vasilkovsky Maximovitch to choose a career in the Eastern Orthodox Church, in which service he was appointed Ekonom of the Kiev Pechersk Lavra by 1678...

    , founder of Chernigov Collegium, missionary in Siberia
    Siberia
    Siberia is an extensive region constituting almost all of Northern Asia. Comprising the central and eastern portion of the Russian Federation, it was part of the Soviet Union from its beginning, as its predecessor states, the Tsardom of Russia and the Russian Empire, conquered it during the 16th...

     and metropolitan bishop
    Metropolitan bishop
    In Christian churches with episcopal polity, the rank of metropolitan bishop, or simply metropolitan, pertains to the diocesan bishop or archbishop of a metropolis; that is, the chief city of a historical Roman province, ecclesiastical province, or regional capital.Before the establishment of...

     of Tobolsk
    Tobolsk
    Tobolsk is a town in Tyumen Oblast, Russia, located at the confluence of the Tobol and Irtysh Rivers. It is a historic capital of Siberia. Population: -History:...

  • Jonah of Manchuria
    Jonah of Manchuria
    Jonah , Bishop of Hankou , was a diocesan bishop of the Russian Orthodox Church Outside Russia who served in Northern China in the years immediately following the Bolshevik Revolution....

    , diocesan
    Diocese
    A diocese is the district or see under the supervision of a bishop. It is divided into parishes.An archdiocese is more significant than a diocese. An archdiocese is presided over by an archbishop whose see may have or had importance due to size or historical significance...

     bishop
    Bishop
    A bishop is an ordained or consecrated member of the Christian clergy who is generally entrusted with a position of authority and oversight. Within the Catholic Church, Eastern Orthodox, Oriental Orthodox Churches, in the Assyrian Church of the East, in the Independent Catholic Churches, and in the...

     of the Russian Orthodox Church Outside Russia
    Russian Orthodox Church Outside Russia
    The Russian Orthodox Church Outside Russia , also called the Russian Orthodox Church Abroad, ROCA, or ROCOR) is a semi-autonomous part of the Russian Orthodox Church....

     who served in Northern China
    China
    Chinese civilization may refer to:* China for more general discussion of the country.* Chinese culture* Greater China, the transnational community of ethnic Chinese.* History of China* Sinosphere, the area historically affected by Chinese culture...

     in the years immediately following the Bolshevik Revolution
    October Revolution
    The October Revolution , also known as the Great October Socialist Revolution , Red October, the October Uprising or the Bolshevik Revolution, was a political revolution and a part of the Russian Revolution of 1917...

  • Jonah of Moscow, the first independent Metropolitan of Moscow and all Russia appointed without the approval of the Patriarch of Constantinople
    Patriarch of Constantinople
    The Ecumenical Patriarch is the Archbishop of Constantinople – New Rome – ranking as primus inter pares in the Eastern Orthodox communion, which is seen by followers as the One, Holy, Catholic, and Apostolic Church....

  • Joseph Volotsky
    Joseph Volotsky
    Joseph Volotsky — also known as Joseph of Volotsk or Joseph of Volokolamsk ; secular name Ivan Sanin — was a prominent caesaropapist ideologist of the Russian Orthodox Church who led the party defending monastic landownership.He is a saint ; his memory is celebrated on 9 September and 18...

    , prominent caesaropapist
    Caesaropapism
    Caesaropapism is the idea of combining the power of secular government with, or making it superior to, the spiritual authority of the Church; especially concerning the connection of the Church with government. The term caesaropapism was coined by Max Weber, who defined it as follows: “a secular,...

     ideologist, founder of Joseph-Volokolamsk Monastery
    Joseph-Volokolamsk Monastery
    Joseph Volokolamsk Monastery is a monastery for men, located 17 km northeast of Volokolamsk, Moscow Oblast. In the 15th and 16th century, it rivaled the Trinity as the most authoritative and wealthy monastery in Russia...

  • Juliana of Lazarevo
    Juliana of Lazarevo
    Saint Juliana of Lazarevo is a saint of the Orthodox Church. She was born in Moscow, to Justin and Stefanida Nedyurev, and married Yury Osorin, owner of the village of Lazarevo, near Murom...

    , 16th sentury saint, famous for helping poor and needy people, a hero of the book written by her son
  • Juvenaly of Alaska
    Juvenaly of Alaska
    Hieromartyr Juvenaly of Alaska, Protomartyr of America, was a member of the first group of Orthodox missionaries who came from the monastery of Valaam to evangelize the native inhabitants of Alaska. He was martyred while evangelizing among the Yupik Eskimos on the mainland of Alaska in 1796...

    , Protomartyr of America
    United States
    The United States of America is a federal constitutional republic comprising fifty states and a federal district...

    , a member of the first group of Orthodox missionaries to Alaska killed by Yupik natives

K

  • Kirill of Beloozero
    Kirill of Beloozero
    Cyril of White Lake was a monk and saint of the Russian Orthodox Church who lived in the 15th century. Saint Cyril was a disciple of Saint Sergius of Radonezh...

    , founder of Kirillo-Belozersky Monastery
    Kirillo-Belozersky Monastery
    Kirillo-Belozersky Monastery , loosely translated in English as the St. Cyril-Belozersk Monastery, used to be the largest monastery of Northern Russia. The monastery was dedicated to the Feast of the Dormition of the Theotokos, for which cause it was sometimes referred to as the Dormition Monastery...

  • Konstantin of Murom
    Konstantin of Murom
    The Holy and Blessed Prince Constantine of Murom was a direct descendant of Vladimir I of Kiev and the son of Prince Svyatoslav of Chernigov. His father at his request assigned him to rule the city of Murom, which at the time was inhabited by pagans, that he might spread Christianity in that...

    , 11th century Prince of Murom
    Prince of Murom
    The Prince of Murom was the kniaz, the ruler or sub-ruler, of the Rus' Principality of Murom, a lordship based on the city of Murom, now in Vladimir Oblast, Russia....

     who baptized Murom
    Murom
    Murom is a historic city in Vladimir Oblast, Russia, which sprawls along the left bank of Oka River. Population: -History:In the 9th century CE, the city marked the easternmost settlement of the Eastern Slavs in the land of the Finno-Ugric people called Muromians. The Russian Primary Chronicle...

    ian pagans
  • Kuksha of the Kiev Caves, a 12th century monk and martyr from the Kiev Pechersk Lavra
    Kiev Pechersk Lavra
    Kiev Pechersk Lavra or Kyiv Pechersk Lavra , also known as the Kiev Monastery of the Caves, is a historic Orthodox Christian monastery which gave its name to one of the city districts where it is located in Kiev, the capital of Ukraine....

    , killed while spreading Christianity among pagan Vyatichi
  • Kuksha of Odessa
    Kuksha of Odessa
    Saint Kuksha of Odessa, born Kosma Velichko is a modern saint canonized by Ukrainian Orthodox Church in 1995.Saint Kuksha was in the family of Cyrill and Kharytyna who lived in Ukraine and had many children. In her youth, his mother dreamed of becoming a nun, but married from obedience to her...

    , modern 20th century saint in the Soviet Union
    Soviet Union
    The Soviet Union , officially the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics , was a constitutionally socialist state that existed in Eurasia between 1922 and 1991....


L

  • Luka Voyno-Yasenetsky
    Luka Voyno-Yasenetsky
    Archbishop Luka was a Russian outstanding surgeon, the founder of purulent surgery, a spiritual writer, a bishop of Russian Orthodox Church, and an archbishop of Simferopol and of the Crimea since May 1946...

    , outstanding surgeon
    Surgeon
    In medicine, a surgeon is a specialist in surgery. Surgery is a broad category of invasive medical treatment that involves the cutting of a body, whether human or animal, for a specific reason such as the removal of diseased tissue or to repair a tear or breakage...

    , the founder of purulent surgery
    Surgery
    Surgery is an ancient medical specialty that uses operative manual and instrumental techniques on a patient to investigate and/or treat a pathological condition such as disease or injury, or to help improve bodily function or appearance.An act of performing surgery may be called a surgical...

    , bishop, spiritual writer
  • Luka Zhidiata
    Luka Zhidiata
    Luka Zhidiata was the second bishop of Novgorod the Great . He replaced Efrem, who was not consecrated bishop, but who administered the eparchy from the death of Ioakim Korsunianin until Luka's appointment....

    , the first Russian-born bishop of the Russian church (all previous ones had been Greek)

M

  • Macarius of Unzha
    Macarius of Unzha
    Venerable Macarius of the Yellow Water Lake and the Unzha, the Miracle Worker is a Saint of Russian Orthodox Church.He is credited with the founding of four monasteries in the Middle and Upper Volga regions of Russia....

    , founder of several monasteries, including the Makaryev Monastery
    Makaryev Monastery
    Zheltovodsky Makaryev Convent of the Holy Trinityis one of the convents of Russian Orthodox Church.It is located in the vicinity of the urban-type settlement of Makaryevo in Lyskovsky District of Nizhny Novgorod Oblast....

  • Maria Skobtsova, noblewoman, poet
    Poet
    A poet is a person who writes poetry. A poet's work can be literal, meaning that his work is derived from a specific event, or metaphorical, meaning that his work can take on many meanings and forms. Poets have existed since antiquity, in nearly all languages, and have produced works that vary...

    , nun
    Nun
    A nun is a woman who has taken vows committing her to live a spiritual life. She may be an ascetic who voluntarily chooses to leave mainstream society and live her life in prayer and contemplation in a monastery or convent...

    , and member of the French Resistance
    French Resistance
    The French Resistance is the name used to denote the collection of French resistance movements that fought against the Nazi German occupation of France and against the collaborationist Vichy régime during World War II...

     during World War II
    World War II
    World War II, or the Second World War , was a global conflict lasting from 1939 to 1945, involving most of the world's nations—including all of the great powers—eventually forming two opposing military alliances: the Allies and the Axis...

  • Mark of the Caves
    Mark of the Caves
    The precise dates of the lives of hermit Saint Mark of the Caves, and the two sainted brothers Theophil and John are not recorded, however, their story is preserved in the Kiev Caves Paterikon....

    , a famous cave-digger in the Kiev Pechersk Monastery
  • Maxim Sandovich
    Maxim Sandovich
    Maxim Sandovich is a New Martyr and Orthodox saint. He is the protomartyr of the Lemko people.He was trained as an Orthodox priest, and was executed by the Austro-Hungarian Empire as a russophile. After his execution, his wife was imprisoned in Talerhof, where his son, also named Maxim Sandovich,...

    , protomartyr of the Lemko people, an Orthodox priest was executed by the Austro-Hungarian Empire as a russophile
    Ukrainian Russophiles
    The focus of this article is part of a general political movement in Western Ukraine of the nineteenth and early 20th century. The movement contained several competing branches: Moscowphiles, Ukrainophiles, Rusynphiles, and others....

  • Maximus the Greek
    Maximus the Greek
    Maximus the Greek, also known as Maximos the Greek or Maksim Grek , was a Greek monk, publicist, writer, scholar, humanist, and translator active in Russia...

    , 16th century scholar, humanist
    Humanism
    Humanism is an approach in study, philosophy, world view or practice that focuses on human values and concerns. In philosophy and social science, humanism is a perspective which affirms some notion of human nature, and is contrasted with anti-humanism....

     and translator
  • Michael of Chernigov
    Michael of Chernigov
    Saint Michael of Chernigov or Mikhail Vsevolodovich was a Rus' prince...

    , powerful Kiev
    Kiev
    Kiev or Kyiv is the capital and the largest city of Ukraine, located in the north central part of the country on the Dnieper River. The population as of the 2001 census was 2,611,300. However, higher numbers have been cited in the press....

    an Prince killed by Mongol-Tatars for his adherence to the Christian faith
  • Mikhail of Tver, Grand Prince of Vladimir
    killed by Mongol-Tatars
  • Moses the Hungarian
    Moses the Hungarian
    Moses the Hungarian was a Kievan Russian monk of Hungarian origin. He is venerated as a saint by the Eastern Orthodox Church.Moses was born around 990-995. He probably left Transylvania to serve the princely family in Kiev...

    , 11th century monk in the Kiev Cave Monastery, who spent 7 years as Polish
    Poland
    Poland , officially the Republic of Poland , is a country in Central Europe bordered by Germany to the west; the Czech Republic and Slovakia to the south; Ukraine, Belarus and Lithuania to the east; and the Baltic Sea and Kaliningrad Oblast, a Russian exclave, to the north...

     prisoner after the 1018 Kiev Expedition

N

  • Nicetas of Novgorod
    Nicetas of Novgorod
    Nicetas was born in Kiev, Ukraine, he became a monk in the Monastery of the Caves, but then embraced the life of a hermit. According to custom, Nicetas was much plagued by demonic torments and returned to the monastery...

    , an 11th century monk from the Kiev Pechersk Lavra
    Kiev Pechersk Lavra
    Kiev Pechersk Lavra or Kyiv Pechersk Lavra , also known as the Kiev Monastery of the Caves, is a historic Orthodox Christian monastery which gave its name to one of the city districts where it is located in Kiev, the capital of Ukraine....

     who became wonderworker and bishop of Novgorod
  • Nicholas Salos of Pskov
    Nicholas Salos of Pskov
    Nicholas Salos of Pskov was a Russian self-styled prophet in opposition of czar Ivan IV's oprichnina. In 1570, Ivan IV retaliated by raiding Pskov. However, during the raid Nicholas reprimanded the czar causing him to retreat his force to Alexandrov. He is regarded as a saint in the Eastern...

    , 16th century Fool-for-Christ who reprimanded Tsar
    Tsar
    Tsar is a title used to designate certain European Slavic monarchs or supreme rulers. As a system of government in the Tsardom of Russia and Russian Empire, it is known as Tsarist autocracy, or Tsarism...

     Ivan the Terrible and saved the city of Pskov
    Pskov
    Pskov is an ancient city and the administrative center of Pskov Oblast, Russia, located in the northwest of Russia about east from the Estonian border, on the Velikaya River. Population: -Early history:...

     from Tsar's atrocity
  • Nestor the Chronicler
    Nestor the Chronicler
    Saint Nestor the Chronicler was the reputed author of the Primary Chronicle, , Life of the Venerable Theodosius of the Kiev Caves, Life of the Holy Passion Bearers, Boris and Gleb, and of the so-called Reading.Nestor was a monk of the Monastery of the Caves in Kiev from 1073...

    , author of the Primary Chronicle
    Primary Chronicle
    The Primary Chronicle , Ruthenian Primary Chronicle or Russian Primary Chronicle, is a history of Kievan Rus' from about 850 to 1110, originally compiled in Kiev about 1113.- Three editions :...

     (the earliest East Slavic
    East Slavic languages
    The East Slavic languages constitute one of three regional subgroups of Slavic languages, currently spoken in Eastern Europe. It is the group with the largest numbers of speakers, far out-numbering the Western and Southern Slavic groups. Current East Slavic languages are Belarusian, Russian,...

     chronicle) and several hagiographies
  • Nicholas II of Russia
    Nicholas II of Russia
    Nicholas II was the last Emperor of Russia, Grand Prince of Finland, and titular King of Poland. His official short title was Nicholas II, Emperor and Autocrat of All the Russias and he is known as Saint Nicholas the Passion-Bearer by the Russian Orthodox Church.Nicholas II ruled from 1894 until...

    , the last Russian Emperor, killed during the Russian Civil War
    Russian Civil War
    The Russian Civil War was a multi-party war that occurred within the former Russian Empire after the Russian provisional government collapsed to the Soviets, under the domination of the Bolshevik party. Soviet forces first assumed power in Petrograd The Russian Civil War (1917–1923) was a...

     with all his family; recently the whole family were beatified as new-martyrs
  • Nicholas of Japan, introduced the Eastern Orthodox Church to Japan
    Japan
    Japan is an island nation in East Asia. Located in the Pacific Ocean, it lies to the east of the Sea of Japan, China, North Korea, South Korea and Russia, stretching from the Sea of Okhotsk in the north to the East China Sea and Taiwan in the south...

  • Nikita Stylites
    Nikita Stylites
    Venerable Nikita Stylites, a saint of 12th century Russia, led a dissolute life in his youth. However, upon entering a church on a certain occasion he heard the words of the Prophet Isaiah 'Wash you , make you clean;' with this a profound conversion was effected in his soul.Thus converted Nikita...

    , 12th century hermit and healer who bound himself in chains and enclosed himself within a pillar, thus the title 'stylites'
  • Nikon the Dry
    Nikon the Dry
    Venerable Nikon the Dry was made a slave by the Tartars in the 11th century. Prior to his capture he had been a monk of the monastery of the Kiev Caves in what is today Ukraine...

    , 11th century monk from the Kiev Pechersk Lavra
    Kiev Pechersk Lavra
    Kiev Pechersk Lavra or Kyiv Pechersk Lavra , also known as the Kiev Monastery of the Caves, is a historic Orthodox Christian monastery which gave its name to one of the city districts where it is located in Kiev, the capital of Ukraine....

    , captured and enslaved by nomads and released by miracle
  • Nil Sorsky
    Nil Sorsky
    Nil Sorsky was a leader of the Russian medieval movement opposing ecclesiastic landownership . Nil Sorsky is venerated as a saint in the Russian Orthodox Church. His feast day is on the anniversary of his repose on May 7.-Early life:Before becoming a monk, Nil Sorsky worked as a scribe and was...

    , leader of Non-possessors
    Non-possessors
    Non-possessors belonged to a 16th-century movement in the Russian Orthodox Church in opposition to ecclesiastical land-ownership...

     movement

O

  • Olga of Kiev
    Olga of Kiev
    Saint Olga , or Olga the Beauty, hypothetically Old Norse: Helga In some Scandinavian sources she was called other name. born c. 890 died 11 July 969, Kiev) was a ruler of Kievan Rus' as regent Saint Olga , or Olga the Beauty, hypothetically Old Norse: Helga In some Scandinavian sources she was...

    , the first woman ruler of Rus' (regent
    Regent
    A regent, from the Latin regens "one who reigns", is a person selected to act as head of state because the ruler is a minor, not present, or debilitated. Currently there are only two ruling Regencies in the world, sovereign Liechtenstein and the Malaysian constitutive state of Terengganu...

    ), the first Christian
    Christian
    A Christian is a person who adheres to Christianity, an Abrahamic, monotheistic religion based on the life and teachings of Jesus of Nazareth as recorded in the Canonical gospels and the letters of the New Testament...

     among the Russian rulers

P

  • Paisiy Yaroslavov
    Paisiy Yaroslavov
    Paisiy Yaroslavov was the most famous monk of the Kamenny Monastery, located on the Lake Kubenskoye in Vologda Oblast, Russia.Historians do not know much about Paisiy Yaroslavov. He appears to have been a prominent figure during the reign of Ivan III. In 1478-1482, he was an hegumen at the...

    , 15th century monk, starets
    Starets
    A starets is an elder of a Russian Orthodox monastery who functions as venerated adviser and teacher. Elders or spiritual fathers are charismatic spiritual leaders whose wisdom stems from God as obtained from ascetic experience...

     and the author of the Take of the Kamenny Monastery
    Kamenny Monastery
    Kamenny Monastery was the name of a Russian Orthodox monastery situated on a small eponymous island in the very centre of the Kubensky Lake. It is distinguished as the first stone monastery of the Russian North.Kamenny Island is very small, measuring just 120 metres by 70 metres...

  • Pavel Florensky
    Pavel Florensky
    Pavel Alexandrovich Florensky was a Russian Orthodox theologian, philosopher, mathematician, electrical engineer, inventor and Neomartyr sometimes compared by his followers to Leonardo da Vinci.-Early life:Pavel Aleksandrovich Florensky was born on January 21, 1882, into the family of a railroad...

    , theologian, philosopher, mathematician, electrical engineer, inventor and new-martyr
  • Pavel of Taganrog
    Pavel of Taganrog
    The Blessed starets Saint Pavel of Taganrog dramatically influenced the belief in God and spiritual outlook of inhabitants of Taganrog, Don Land, South of Russia and Ukraine...

    , 19th century pilgrime
    Pilgrimage
    A pilgrimage is a journey or search of great moral or spiritual significance. Typically, it is a journey to a shrine or other location of importance to a person's beliefs and faith...

     and wonderworker
  • Peter and Fevronia, saint married couple, an ideal of the family love and fidelity
  • Peter Mogila, 17th century Metropolitan
    Metropolitan bishop
    In Christian churches with episcopal polity, the rank of metropolitan bishop, or simply metropolitan, pertains to the diocesan bishop or archbishop of a metropolis; that is, the chief city of a historical Roman province, ecclesiastical province, or regional capital.Before the establishment of...

     of Kiev
    Kiev
    Kiev or Kyiv is the capital and the largest city of Ukraine, located in the north central part of the country on the Dnieper River. The population as of the 2001 census was 2,611,300. However, higher numbers have been cited in the press....

    , theologician, educator and printer
  • Peter the Aleut
    Peter the Aleut
    Cungagnaq is venerated as a martyr and saint by some jurisdictions of the Eastern Orthodox Church. He was allegedly a native of Kodiak Island , and is said to have received the Christian name of Peter when he was baptized into the Orthodox faith by the monks of St...

    , 19th century martyr
    Martyr
    A martyr is somebody who suffers persecution and death for refusing to renounce, or accept, a belief or cause, usually religious.-Meaning:...

     in Russian America, allegedly a baptized native of the Kodiak Island
    Kodiak Island
    Kodiak Island is a large island on the south coast of the U.S. state of Alaska, separated from the Alaska mainland by the Shelikof Strait. The largest island in the Kodiak Archipelago, Kodiak Island is the second largest island in the United States and the 80th largest island in the world, with an...

     (one of the Aleutian Islands), killed by Spanish Catholics
  • Procopius of Ustyug
    Procopius of Ustyug
    Procopius of Ustyug was a fool for Christ , a miracle worker, saint of Russian Orthodox Church, formerly a merchant from Lübeck. He was born in Germany, a Roman Catholic merchant who converted to eastern Orthodox Christianity during his travels....

    , 13th century fool for Christ and miracle worker
    Miracle Worker
    "Miracle Worker" is the debut single by rock supergroup SuperHeavy from their self-titled debut studio album. It is a reggae/rock song performed by Damian Marley, Joss Stone, and Mick Jagger. It was released on 7 July 2011 as a digital download in the United Kingdom...


R

  • Raphael of Brooklyn
    Raphael of Brooklyn
    Saint Raphael of Brooklyn , also known as Father Raphael, was born as Raphael Hawaweeny in Beirut, Lebanon, of Damascene Syrian parents...

    , bishop of the Russian Orthodox Church in America
    Russian Orthodox Church in America
    The Russian Orthodox Church in America is a Russian Orthodox Christian group that claims continuation from the Russian Orthodox Church through Patriarchal Ukase and Synodal Charter....

     and founder of the main cathedral of the Antiochian Orthodox Christian Archdiocese of North America
    Antiochian Orthodox Christian Archdiocese of North America
    The Antiochian Orthodox Christian Archdiocese of North America is the sole jurisdiction of the Antiochian Orthodox Church in the United States and Canada with exclusive jurisdiction over the Antiochian Orthodox faithful in those countries, though these faithful were originally cared for by the...


S

  • Sabbas of Storozhev, founder of Savvino-Storozhevsky Monastery
    Savvino-Storozhevsky Monastery
    The Savvino-Storozhevsky Monastery is a Russian Orthodox monastery in Zvenigorod.In 1398, Prince Yuri asked St. Savva Storozhevsky, one of the first disciples of Sergii Radonezhsky, to go to Zvenigorod and to establish a monastery on the Storozhi Holm...

  • Savvatiy
    Savvatiy
    St. Savvatiy of Solovki was one of the founders of the Solovetsky Monastery....

    , co-founder of the Solovetsky Monastery
    Solovetsky Monastery
    Solovetsky Monastery was the greatest citadel of Christianity in the Russian North before being turned into a special Soviet prison and labor camp , which served as a prototype for the GULag system. Situated on the Solovetsky Islands in the White Sea, the monastery braved many changes of fortune...

  • Seraphim of Sarov
    Seraphim of Sarov
    Saint Seraphim of Sarov , born Prokhor Moshnin , is one of the most renowned Russian monks and mystics in the Orthodox Church. He is generally considered the greatest of the 19th century startsy and, arguably, the first...

    , mystic and patron saint
    Patron saint
    A patron saint is a saint who is regarded as the intercessor and advocate in heaven of a nation, place, craft, activity, class, clan, family, or person...

     of Russia, the greatest of the 19th century startsy
  • Serapion of Novgorod, Archbishop of Novgorod
    Archbishop of Novgorod
    The Archbishop of Novgorod is the head of the eparchy of Novgorod the Great and is one of the oldest offices in the Russian Orthodox Church. The archbishops have, in fact, been among the most important figures in medieval Russian history and culture and their successors continued to play...

     in the 16th century, known for his conflict with Joseph Volotsky
    Joseph Volotsky
    Joseph Volotsky — also known as Joseph of Volotsk or Joseph of Volokolamsk ; secular name Ivan Sanin — was a prominent caesaropapist ideologist of the Russian Orthodox Church who led the party defending monastic landownership.He is a saint ; his memory is celebrated on 9 September and 18...

  • Sergius of Radonezh
    Sergius of Radonezh
    Venerable Sergius of Radonezh , also transliterated as Sergey Radonezhsky or Serge of Radonezh, was a spiritual leader and monastic reformer of medieval Russia. Together with Venerable Seraphim of Sarov, he is one of the Russian Orthodox Church's most highly venerated saints.-Early life:The date of...

    , patron saint
    Patron saint
    A patron saint is a saint who is regarded as the intercessor and advocate in heaven of a nation, place, craft, activity, class, clan, family, or person...

     of Russia, spiritual and monastic reformer, founder of the Trinity Lavra of St. Sergius, blessed Dmitry Donskoy for the Battle of Kulikovo
    Battle of Kulikovo
    The Battle of Kulikovo was a battle between Tatar Mamai and Muscovy Dmitriy and portrayed by Russian historiography as a stand-off between Russians and the Golden Horde. However, the political situation at the time was much more complicated and concerned the politics of the Northeastern Rus'...

  • Sergius of Valaam
    Sergius of Valaam
    Saint Sergius of Valaam was a Greek monk and wonderworker credited with bringing Orthodox Christianity to Karelian and Finnish people. Conflicting church traditions place him possibly as early as the 10th century or as late as the 14th....

    , brought Christianity to Karelians
    Karelians
    The Karelians are a Baltic-Finnic ethnic group living mostly in the Republic of Karelia and in other north-western parts of the Russian Federation. The historic homeland of Karelians includes also parts of present-day Eastern Finland and the formerly Finnish territory of Ladoga Karelia...

     and Finns, co-founder of the Valaam Monastery
    Valaam Monastery
    The Valaam Monastery, or Valamo Monastery is a stauropegic Orthodox monastery in Russian Karelia, located on Valaam, the largest island in Lake Ladoga, the largest lake in Europe.-History:...

  • Silouan the Athonite
    Silouan the Athonite
    Saint Silouan the Athonite, also sometimes referred to as Saint Silvanus the Athonite or Staretz Silouan , was an Eastern Orthodox monk of Russian origin. He was born Simeon Ivanovich Antonov, of Russian Orthodox parents who came from the village of Sovsk in Russia's Tambov region...

    , “the most authentic monk
    Monk
    A monk is a person who practices religious asceticism, living either alone or with any number of monks, while always maintaining some degree of physical separation from those not sharing the same purpose...

     of the twentieth century”
  • Sofia of Suzdal
    Solomonia Saburova
    Saint Solomonia Yuryevna Saburova was the first wife of Grand Prince Vasili III of Muscovy. She was canonized by the Russian Orthodox Church as Saint Sofia of Suzdal....

    , the first wife of Grand Prince of Moscow
    Grand Prince of Moscow
    This is a list of Princes and Grand Princes of Russian Grand Duchy of Moscow.Note: the first 3 Princes are not members of the family of Daniel of Russia and their ownership of Moscow is disputed.- Princes of Moscow :* Vladimir Yuryevich This is a list of Princes and Grand Princes of Russian Grand...

     Vasily III
  • Stephan of Perm, 14th century missionary, credited with the conversion of the Komi Permyaks to Christianity
    Christianity
    Christianity is a monotheistic religion based on the life and teachings of Jesus as presented in canonical gospels and other New Testament writings...

     and the invention of Old Permic script
    Old Permic script
    The Old Permic script, sometimes called Abur or Anbur, is an original ancient Permic writing system.-History:The alphabet was introduced by a Russian missionary, Stepan Khrap, also known as Saint Stephen of Perm in 1372. The name Abur is derived from the names of the first two characters: An and Bur...

  • Sylvester of the River Obnora
    Sylvester of the River Obnora
    Sylvester of the Rives Obnora , also known as Sylvester of Obnorsk, was a Russian Orthodox hermit who is recognized as a saint. Sylvester was inspired by the teachings of Sergius of Radonez. He was trained at Trinity Monastery. Sylvester then went as a hermit to live along the banks of the River...

    , 15th century hermit who lived on the banks of the Obnora River
    Obnora River
    Obnora is a river in Vologda and Yaroslavl Oblasts of Russia. It is a right tributary of the Kostroma River. It is 132 km long, with a drainage basin of 2,440 km².The town of Lyubim is situated by the Obnora....


T

  • Theodore the Black
    Theodore the Black
    Duke Theodore Rostislavich nicknamed Theodore the Black Феодор Ростиславич Черныйis a saint of the Russian orthodox church and was a ruler of Smolensk and Yaroslavl. His father Prince Rostislav died in 1240. Theodore was Duke of Mozhaysk from his youth. In 1260 Theodore married Maria Vasilievna,...

    , 13th century Prince of Yaroslavl
    Yaroslavl
    Yaroslavl is a city and the administrative center of Yaroslavl Oblast, Russia, located northeast of Moscow. The historical part of the city, a World Heritage Site, is located at the confluence of the Volga and the Kotorosl Rivers. It is one of the Golden Ring cities, a group of historic cities...

    , Smolensk
    Smolensk
    Smolensk is a city and the administrative center of Smolensk Oblast, Russia, located on the Dnieper River. Situated west-southwest of Moscow, this walled city was destroyed several times throughout its long history since it was on the invasion routes of both Napoleon and Hitler. Today, Smolensk...

     and Mozhaysk
    Mozhaysk
    Mozhaysk is a town and the administrative center of Mozhaysky District of Moscow Oblast, Russia, located to the west from the Russian capital, on the historic road leading to Smolensk and then to Poland. Population:...

    , who ended his life as a monk and deeply repented his alliance with Mongol invaders
  • Theodosius of Kiev
    Theodosius of Kiev
    Theodosius of Kiev is an 11th century saint who brought Cenobitic Monasticism to Kievan Rus' and, together with St Anthony of Kiev, founded the Kiev Caves Lavra...

    , co-founder of the Kiev Pechersk Lavra
    Kiev Pechersk Lavra
    Kiev Pechersk Lavra or Kyiv Pechersk Lavra , also known as the Kiev Monastery of the Caves, is a historic Orthodox Christian monastery which gave its name to one of the city districts where it is located in Kiev, the capital of Ukraine....

    , the first monastery
    Monastery
    Monastery denotes the building, or complex of buildings, that houses a room reserved for prayer as well as the domestic quarters and workplace of monastics, whether monks or nuns, and whether living in community or alone .Monasteries may vary greatly in size – a small dwelling accommodating only...

     in Russia
  • Theophan the Recluse
    Theophan the Recluse
    St. Theophan the Recluse, also known as "Theophan Zatvornik" or "Theophanes the Recluse" , is a well-known saint in the Russian Orthodox Church. He was born George Vasilievich Govorov, in the village of Chernavsk. His father was a Russian Orthodox priest. He was educated in the seminaries at...

    , major 19th century theologian
    Theology
    Theology is the systematic and rational study of religion and its influences and of the nature of religious truths, or the learned profession acquired by completing specialized training in religious studies, usually at a university or school of divinity or seminary.-Definition:Augustine of Hippo...

     who played an important role in translating the Philokalia
    Philokalia
    The Philokalia is a collection of texts written between the 4th and 15th centuries by spiritual masters of the Eastern Orthodox hesychast tradition. They were originally written for the guidance and instruction of monks in "the practise of the contemplative life". The collection was compiled in...

     from Church Slavonic into Russian
    Russian language
    Russian is a Slavic language used primarily in Russia, Belarus, Uzbekistan, Kazakhstan, Tajikistan and Kyrgyzstan. It is an unofficial but widely spoken language in Ukraine, Moldova, Latvia, Turkmenistan and Estonia and, to a lesser extent, the other countries that were once constituent republics...

  • Therapont of White Lake, founder of Ferapontov Monastery
    Ferapontov Monastery
    The Ferapontov convent , in the Vologda region of Russia, is considered one of the purest examples of Russian medieval art, a reason given by UNESCO for its inscription on the World Heritage List....

  • Tikhon of Kaluga
    Tikhon of Kaluga
    Tikhon of Kaluga was a Russian abbot and saint. He grew up in Moscow and became a monk as a young man. He then moved to a forest near Medin in Kaluga, living in the hollow of an oak tree. It was on that spot that he founded a monastery, dedicated to the Dormition of the Mother of God ....

    , founder of the Dormition of the Mother of God Monastery in Kaluga
    Kaluga
    Kaluga is a city and the administrative center of Kaluga Oblast, Russia, located on the Oka River southwest of Moscow. Population: It is served by Grabtsevo Airport.-History:...

  • Tikhon of Zadonsk
    Tikhon of Zadonsk
    Saint Tikhon of Zadonsk was a Russian Orthodox bishop and spiritual writer who has been glorified a saint of the Orthodox Church....

    , bishop and spiritual writer, the most important 18th century religious educator in Russia
  • Tryphon of Pechenga
    Tryphon of Pechenga
    Saint Tryphon of Pechenga was a Russian monk in the Eastern Orthodox Church and led an ascetic life on the Kola Peninsula and in Lappland in the 16th century. He is considered to be the founder of the Pechenga Monastery....

    , founder of the Pechenga Monastery
    Pechenga Monastery
    The Pechenga Monastery was for many centuries the northernmost monastery in the world. It was founded in 1533 at the influx of the Pechenga River into the Barents Sea, 135 km west of modern Murmansk, by St...

     on the Kola Peninsula
    Kola Peninsula
    The Kola Peninsula is a peninsula in the far northwest of Russia. Constituting the bulk of the territory of Murmansk Oblast, it lies almost completely to the north of the Arctic Circle and is washed by the Barents Sea in the north and the White Sea in the east and southeast...


V

  • Varlaam of Chikoy
    Varlaam of Chikoy
    Varlaam of Chikoy ) , was an Russian Orthodox Church hermit and celibate priest famous for his missionary activities in Transbaikal, the founder of John the Precursor's secluded monastery in the Chikoy Mounts. He is venerated as a local saint.-References:*...

    , 19th century missionary
    Missionary
    A missionary is a member of a religious group sent into an area to do evangelism or ministries of service, such as education, literacy, social justice, health care and economic development. The word "mission" originates from 1598 when the Jesuits sent members abroad, derived from the Latin...

     in Transbaikal
    Transbaikal
    Transbaikal, Trans-Baikal, Transbaikalia , or Dauria is a mountainous region to the east of or "beyond" Lake Baikal in Russia. The alternative name, Dauria, is derived from the ethnonym of the Daur people. It stretches for almost 1000 km from north to south from the Patomskoye Plateau and North...

  • Varvara Yakovleva
    Varvara Yakovleva
    Sister Varvara Yakovleva, also known as Sister Barbara Yakovleva , or simply Nun Barbara, , was a Russian Orthodox nun in the convent of Grand Duchess Elizabeth Fyodorovna...

    , nun
    Nun
    A nun is a woman who has taken vows committing her to live a spiritual life. She may be an ascetic who voluntarily chooses to leave mainstream society and live her life in prayer and contemplation in a monastery or convent...

     in the convent of Grand Duchess Elizabeth Fyodorovna
    Grand Duchess Elizabeth Fyodorovna
    Grand Duchess Elizabeth Feodorovna of Russia canonized as St. Elizabeth Romanova was a German princess of the House of Hesse, and the wife of Grand Duke Sergei Alexandrovich of Russia, fifth son of Emperor Alexander II of Russia and Princess Marie of Hesse and the Rhine...

    , killed by the Bolsheviks along with several Romanov Princes
  • Vasily Kalika
    Vasily Kalika
    Vasilii Kalika was Archbishop of Novgorod the Great and Pskov from 1330 to 1352. He is in large part responsible for reinvigorating the office after it had fallen into decline to some extent following the Mongol Invasion.-Background:...

    , 14th century icon-painter and Archbishop of Novgorod
    Archbishop of Novgorod
    The Archbishop of Novgorod is the head of the eparchy of Novgorod the Great and is one of the oldest offices in the Russian Orthodox Church. The archbishops have, in fact, been among the most important figures in medieval Russian history and culture and their successors continued to play...

     who was elected by the veche
    Veche
    Veche was a popular assembly in medieval Slavic countries.In Novgorod, where the veche acquired the greatest prominence, the veche was broadly similar to the Norse thing or the Swiss Landsgemeinde.-Etymology:...

     and reinvigorated the office
  • Vasily of Pavlovsky Posad, mid-19th century factory worker who turned multiple Old Believers
    Old Believers
    In the context of Russian Orthodox church history, the Old Believers separated after 1666 from the official Russian Orthodox Church as a protest against church reforms introduced by Patriarch Nikon between 1652–66...

     into Russian Orthodoxy
    Russian Orthodox Church
    The Russian Orthodox Church or, alternatively, the Moscow Patriarchate The ROC is often said to be the largest of the Eastern Orthodox churches in the world; including all the autocephalous churches under its umbrella, its adherents number over 150 million worldwide—about half of the 300 million...

  • Vladimir I of Kiev
    Vladimir I of Kiev
    Vladimir Sviatoslavich the Great Old East Slavic: Володимѣръ Свѧтославичь Old Norse as Valdamarr Sveinaldsson, , Vladimir, , Volodymyr, was a grand prince of Kiev, ruler of Kievan Rus' in .Vladimir's father was the prince Sviatoslav of the Rurik dynasty...

     "the Great", Kievan Prince who turned from pagan to saint and enacted the Christianization of Kievan Rus'
  • Vsevolod of Pskov
    Vsevolod of Pskov
    Vsevolod Mstislavich , the patron saint of the city of Pskov, ruled as Prince of Novgorod in 1117–32, Prince of Pereslavl and Prince of Pskov in 1137–38.- Early life :...

    , medieval Prince and a patron saint
    Patron saint
    A patron saint is a saint who is regarded as the intercessor and advocate in heaven of a nation, place, craft, activity, class, clan, family, or person...

     of Pskov
    Pskov
    Pskov is an ancient city and the administrative center of Pskov Oblast, Russia, located in the northwest of Russia about east from the Estonian border, on the Velikaya River. Population: -Early history:...


X

  • Xenia of Saint Petersburg
    Xenia of Saint Petersburg
    Saint Blessed Xenia of St. Petersburg is a patron saint of St...

    , fool for Christ, patron saint
    Patron saint
    A patron saint is a saint who is regarded as the intercessor and advocate in heaven of a nation, place, craft, activity, class, clan, family, or person...

     of St Petersburg who gave all her possessions to the poor and wandered for 45 years around the streets
  • Xenophon of Robika
    Xenophon of Robika
    Xenophon of Robika was a Russian Orthodox monk, later declared a saint. A student of Barlaam of Khutyn, he later became head of the Khutyn Monastery. Resigning from this post, he later founded the Trinity Monastery on the Robika River, close to Novgorod; he died there in 1262....

    , 13th century monk and hegumen
    Hegumen
    Hegumen, hegumenos, igumen, or ihumen is the title for the head of a monastery of the Eastern Orthodox Church or Eastern Catholic Churches, similar to the one of abbot. The head of a convent of nuns is called hegumenia or ihumenia . The term means "the one who is in charge", "the leader" in...

     of the Khutyn Monastery
    Khutyn Monastery
    Khutyn Monastery of Saviour's Transfiguration and of St. Varlaam used to be the holiest monastery of the medieval Novgorod Republic. The monastery is situated on the right bank of the Volkhov River some 10 km north northeast of Velikiy Novgorod, in the village of Khutyn, whose name is perhaps...


Y

  • Yegor Chekryakovsky
    Yegor Chekryakovsky
    Father Georgy Kossov also known as Yegor Chekryakovsky , was a Russian Orthodox priest and a starets. On 9 October 2000 he was Glorified as a saint....

    , priest and a starets
    Starets
    A starets is an elder of a Russian Orthodox monastery who functions as venerated adviser and teacher. Elders or spiritual fathers are charismatic spiritual leaders whose wisdom stems from God as obtained from ascetic experience...

    , spiritual heir of Saint Ambrose of Optina
    Saint Ambrose of Optina
    Venerable Ambrose of Optina was a starets and a hieroschemamonk in Optina Monastery, canonized in 1988 by the Local Council of the Russian Orthodox Church.-Biography:...

  • Yuri II of Vladimir, Grand Prince of Vladimir during the Mongol invasion of Rus', died in the Battle of the Sit River
    Battle of the Sit River
    The Battle of the Sit River was fought in the northern part of the present-day Yaroslavl Oblast of Russia on March 4, 1238 between the Mongol Hordes of Batu Khan and the Rus' people under Grand Prince Yuri II of Vladimir-Suzdal during the Mongol invasion of Rus...


See also