List of Justice Ministers of France

List of Justice Ministers of France

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In France, under the Old Regime, the Great Officer of State responsible for the judiciary was the Lord Chancellor of France. The Lord Chancellor was responsible for seeing that royal decrees were enrolled and registered by the sundry Parlement
Parlement
Parlements were regional legislative bodies in Ancien Régime France.The political institutions of the Parlement in Ancien Régime France developed out of the previous council of the king, the Conseil du roi or curia regis, and consequently had ancient and customary rights of consultation and...

s of the Realm. However, since the Lord Chancellor was appointed for life, and might fall from favour, or be too ill to carry out his duties, his duties would occasionally fall to his deputy, the Lord Keeper of the Seals of France
Keeper of the Seals of France
Keeper of the Seals of France was an office of the French monarchy under the Ancien Régime. Its principal function was to supplement or assist the Chancellor of France. Its successor office under the Republic is the Keeper of the Seals, a title held by the Minister of Justice....

. The last Chancellor died in 1790, by which time the French Revolution
French Revolution
The French Revolution , sometimes distinguished as the 'Great French Revolution' , was a period of radical social and political upheaval in France and Europe. The absolute monarchy that had ruled France for centuries collapsed in three years...

 was well underway, and the position was left vacant. Instead, in 1791, the Chancellor's portfolio and responsibilities were assigned to the Keeper of the Seals who was accordingly given the additional title of Minister of Justice
Minister of Justice (France)
The Ministry of Justice is controlled by the French Minister of Justice , a top-level cabinet position in the French government. The current Minister of Justice is Michel Mercier...

 under the Revolutionary government. The modern Minister of Justice is ceremonially known by both titles.

Lord Chancellors of France until 1699

  • 497
    497
    Year 497 was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Julian calendar. At the time, it was known as the Year of the Consulship of Anastasius without colleague...

     : Rémi de Reims, known as Saint Rémi (référendaire)
  • 561
    561
    Year 561 was a common year starting on Saturday of the Julian calendar. The denomination 561 for this year has been used since the early medieval period, when the Anno Domini calendar era became the prevalent method in Europe for naming years.- Europe :* Clotaire I dies, and the Frankish kingdom...

     : Siggo, référendaire to Sigebert I
    Sigebert I
    Sigebert I was the king of Austrasia from the death of his father in 561 to his own death. He was the third surviving son out of four of Clotaire I and Ingund...

    , then to Chilperic I
    Chilperic I
    Chilperic I was the king of Neustria from 561 to his death. He was one of the sons of the Frankish king Clotaire I and Queen Aregund....

     and to Childebert II
    Childebert II
    .Childebert II was the Merovingian king of Austrasia, which included Provence at the time, from 575 until his death in 595, the eldest and succeeding son of Sigebert I, and the king of Burgundy from 592 to his death, as the adopted and succeeding son of his uncle Guntram.-Childhood:When his father...

  • 618
    618
    Year 618 was a common year starting on Sunday of the Julian calendar. The denomination 618 for this year has been used since the early medieval period, when the Anno Domini calendar era became the prevalent method in Europe for naming years.- Asia :* The Sui Dynasty ends and the Tang Dynasty...

     : Romain de Rouen, known as Saint Romain, bishop of Rouen
  • : Ansbert, bishop of Rouen, référendaire to Clotaire II
    Clotaire II
    Chlothar II , called the Great or the Young , King of Neustria, and, from 613 to 629, King of all the Franks, was not yet born when his father, King Chilperic I died in 584...

  • 638
    638
    Year 638 was a common year starting on Thursday of the Julian calendar. The denomination 638 for this year has been used since the early medieval period, when the Anno Domini calendar era became the prevalent method in Europe for naming years.- Asia :* The Muslims capture Jerusalem and Akko.* In...

     657
    657
    Year 657 was a common year starting on Sunday of the Julian calendar. The denomination 657 for this year has been used since the early medieval period, when the Anno Domini calendar era became the prevalent method in Europe for naming years.- Asia :* The Chinese Tang Dynasty under Emperor Gaozong...

    : Dadon, known as Saint Ouen, grand référendaire to Dagobert I
    Dagobert I
    Dagobert I was the king of Austrasia , king of all the Franks , and king of Neustria and Burgundy . He was the last Merovingian dynast to wield any real royal power...

     and also to Clovis II
    Clovis II
    Clovis II succeeded his father Dagobert I in 639 as King of Neustria and Burgundy. His brother Sigebert III had been King of Austrasia since 634. He was initially under the regency of his mother Nanthild until her death in her early thirties in 642...

    .
  • : Saint Bonit
    Bonitus (bishop)
    Saint Bonitus was born in France and held a number of important positions including being appointed governor of Marseilles in 667. He began a short tenure as bishop of Clermont in 689. He resigned because of questions about the validity of his election...

    , bishop of Auvergne, référendaire to Sigebert III
    Sigebert III
    Sigebert III was the king of Austrasia from 634 to his death; probably on 1 February 656, or maybe as late as 660. He was the eldest son of Dagobert I....

    , king of Austrasia
  • : Robert, référendaire to Clotaire III
    Clotaire III
    Chlothar III was the eldest son of Clovis II, king of Neustria and Burgundy, and his queen Balthild...

  • 750
    750
    Year 750 was a common year starting on Thursday of the Julian calendar. The denomination 750 for this year has been used since the early medieval period, when the Anno Domini calendar era became the prevalent method in Europe for naming years.- Asia :* Gopala is proclaimed as the first ruler of...

    ? : Fulrard, chancellor to Pepin the Short
  • 796
    796
    Year 796 was a leap year starting on Friday of the Julian calendar. The denomination 796 for this year has been used since the early medieval period, when the Anno Domini calendar era became the prevalent method in Europe for naming years.- Europe :* December – Coenwulf becomes king of...

     - 800
    800
    Year 800 was a leap year starting on Wednesday of the Julian calendar. It was around this time that the Anno Domini calendar era became the prevalent method in Europe for naming years, so from this time on, the years began being known as 800 and onwards.- Europe :* December 25 - Pope Leo III...

    : Alcuin
    Alcuin
    Alcuin of York or Ealhwine, nicknamed Albinus or Flaccus was an English scholar, ecclesiastic, poet and teacher from York, Northumbria. He was born around 735 and became the student of Archbishop Ecgbert at York...

    , chancellor to Charlemagne
    Charlemagne
    Charlemagne was King of the Franks from 768 and Emperor of the Romans from 800 to his death in 814. He expanded the Frankish kingdom into an empire that incorporated much of Western and Central Europe. During his reign, he conquered Italy and was crowned by Pope Leo III on 25 December 800...

     as king of the Franks, prepared the Capitulaire De Villis
  • 800
    800
    Year 800 was a leap year starting on Wednesday of the Julian calendar. It was around this time that the Anno Domini calendar era became the prevalent method in Europe for naming years, so from this time on, the years began being known as 800 and onwards.- Europe :* December 25 - Pope Leo III...

     - 819
    819
    Year 819 was a common year starting on Saturday of the Julian calendar.- Asia :* The Abbasid capital is moved back to Baghdad .- Europe :...

    : Fridgise, chancellor to Charlemagne
    Charlemagne
    Charlemagne was King of the Franks from 768 and Emperor of the Romans from 800 to his death in 814. He expanded the Frankish kingdom into an empire that incorporated much of Western and Central Europe. During his reign, he conquered Italy and was crowned by Pope Leo III on 25 December 800...

    , then to Louis the Pious
    Louis the Pious
    Louis the Pious , also called the Fair, and the Debonaire, was the King of Aquitaine from 781. He was also King of the Franks and co-Emperor with his father, Charlemagne, from 813...

  • 819
    819
    Year 819 was a common year starting on Saturday of the Julian calendar.- Asia :* The Abbasid capital is moved back to Baghdad .- Europe :...

     - 832
    832
    Year 832 was a leap year starting on Monday of the Julian calendar.- Europe :* Pepin I of Aquitaine and Louis the German revolt against Louis the Pious, Emperor of the Franks....

    : Adalard, chancellor to Louis the Pious
    Louis the Pious
    Louis the Pious , also called the Fair, and the Debonaire, was the King of Aquitaine from 781. He was also King of the Franks and co-Emperor with his father, Charlemagne, from 813...

  • 989 - 991 : Renaud de Vendôme, bishop of Paris
  • 991 - 998 : Gerbert d'Aurillac, later Pope Sylvester II
  • 998 - 1005 : Roger de Blois
  • 1005 - 1015 : Francon
  • 1018 : Arnoul, archbishop of Tours
  • 1030 - c.1059 : Baldwin
  • 1059 - 1067 : Gervais de Château-du-Loir, bishop of Le Mans
  • 1067 - 1073 : Pierre de Loiselève
  • 1073 : Guillaume
  • 1074 - 1080 : Roger II, bishop of Beauvais
  • 1074 - 1085 : Geoffroy de Boulogne, bishop of Paris
  • 1085 - 1090 : Gilbert
  • 1090 : Ourson or Ursion, bishop of Senlis
  • 1091 - 1092 : Hubert, bishop of Senlis
  • 1094 - 1106 : Gilbert
  • 1106 - 1118 : Étienne de Senlis, bishop of Paris
  • 1118 - 1127 : Étienne de Garlande
  • 1127 - 1132 : Simon
  • 1132 - 1137 : Étienne de Garlande
  • 1137 - 1140 : Algrin
  • 1140 : Noël, abbot of Rebais
    Rebais
    Rebais is a commune in the Seine-et-Marne department in the Île-de-France region in north-central France.-External links:* * *...

  • 1140 - 1147 : Cadurc
  • 1147 - 1149 : Barthélemy
  • 1150 : Simon
  • 1150 - 1172 : Hugues de Champfleury, bishop of Soissons
  • 1179 - 1185 : Hugues du Puiset
  • 1203 - 1227 : Guérin, monk and bishop of Senlis
  • 1227 - 1231 : Philippe d'Antogny
  • 1231 - 1236 : Aubry Cornu
  • 1236 - 1244 : Jean de la Cour
  • 1244 - 1249 : Nicolas Le Chien,
  • 1249 - 1252 : Gilles, archbishop of Tyros
  • 1252 - 1259 : Raoul de Grosparmy
  • avant 1260 : Guy Faucoi, later Pope Clement IV
    Pope Clement IV
    Pope Clement IV , born Gui Faucoi called in later life le Gros , was elected Pope February 5, 1265, in a conclave held at Perugia that took four months, while cardinals argued over whether to call in Charles of Anjou, the youngest brother of Louis IX of France...

  • 1259 - 1261 : Simon de Brie, later Pope Martin IV
    Pope Martin IV
    Pope Martin IV, born Simon de Brion held the papacy from February 21, 1281 until his death....

  • 1262 - 1270 : Philippe de Cahors, prior of Saint-Frambaud de Senlis
    Senlis, Oise
    Senlis is a French commune located in the Oise department near Paris. It has a long and rich heritage, having traversed centuries of history. This medieval town has welcomed some of the most renowned figures in French history, including Hugh Capet, Louis IX, the Marshall of France, Anne of Kiev and...

  • 1270 : Guillaume de Rampillon, archdeacon
    Archdeacon
    An archdeacon is a senior clergy position in Anglicanism, Syrian Malabar Nasrani, Chaldean Catholic, and some other Christian denominations, above that of most clergy and below a bishop. In the High Middle Ages it was the most senior diocesan position below a bishop in the Roman Catholic Church...

     of Paris
  • 1270 : Guillaume de Chartres, Dominican
    Dominican Order
    The Order of Preachers , after the 15th century more commonly known as the Dominican Order or Dominicans, is a Catholic religious order founded by Saint Dominic and approved by Pope Honorius III on 22 December 1216 in France...

     monk
  • 1271 - 1273 : Pierre Barbet
  • 1273 - 1282 : Henri de Vézélay
  • 1282 - 1290 : Pierre Chalon
  • 1291 - 1292 : Jean de Vassoigne
  • 1293 - 1296 : Guillaume de Crépy
  • 1296 - 1297 : Thibaut de Pouancé, bishop of Dol
  • 1297 - 1302 : Pierre Flote, knight
  • 1302 - 1304 : Étienne de Suizy
  • 1304 - 1306 : Pierre de Mornay, bishop of Auxerre
  • 1306 : Pierre de Grez
  • 1306 - 1307 : Pierre de Belleperche, bishop of Auxerre
  • 1307 - 1310 : Guillaume de Nogaret
    Guillaume de Nogaret
    Guillaume de Nogaret or William of Nogaret was councillor and keeper of the seal to Philip IV of France.- Early life :...

    , knight
  • 1310 - 1311 : Gilles Aycelin de Montaigu
    Gilles Aycelin de Montaigu
    Gilles Aycelin de Montaigu or Montaigut, Montagu, was a French religious and diplomat who became Lord Chancellor of France, Cardinal from 1361 and bishop of Frascati from 1368. He was the chief negotiator for Jean II of France with the English, in the aftermath of the battle of Poitiers. Towards...

    , archbishop of Narbonne
  • 1311 - 1313 : Guillaume de Nogaret
    Guillaume de Nogaret
    Guillaume de Nogaret or William of Nogaret was councillor and keeper of the seal to Philip IV of France.- Early life :...

  • 1313 - 1314 : Pierre de Latilly, bishop of Châlons
    Roman Catholic Diocese of Châlons
    The Roman Catholic Diocese of Châlons is a diocese of the Latin Rite of the Roman Catholic church in France. The diocese comprises the department of Marne, excluding the arrondissement of Reims.It is a suffragan of the Archdiocese of Reims.-History:...

  • 1314 - 1316 : Étienne de Mornay
  • 1316 : Pierre d'Arabloy
  • 1317 - 1321 : Pierre de Chappes
  • 1320 - 1321 : Jean de Cherchemont
  • 1321 - 1323 : Pierre Rodier
  • 1323 - 1328 : Jean de Cherchemont
  • 1328 - 1329 : Mathieu Ferrand
  • 1329 : Jean de Marigny
    Jean de Marigny
    Jean de Marigny , French bishop, was a younger brother of Enguerrand de Marigny.Entering the church at an early age, he was rapidly advanced until in 1313 he was made bishop of Beauvais...

    , bishop of Beauvais
  • 1329 - 1334 : Guillaume de Saint-Maure
  • 1334 : Roger, bishop of Arras
    Arras
    Arras is the capital of the Pas-de-Calais department in northern France. The historic centre of the Artois region, its local speech is characterized as a Picard dialect...

    , later pope Clement VI
    Pope Clement VI
    Pope Clement VI , bornPierre Roger, the fourth of the Avignon Popes, was pope from May 1342 until his death in December of 1352...

  • 1335 - 1338 : Guy Baudet, bishop of Langres
  • 1338 - 1339 : Étienne de Vissac, knight
  • 1339 - 1347 : Guillaume Flote
  • 1347 - 1349 : Firmin de Coquerel, bishop of Noyon
  • 1349 - 1357 : Pierre de la Forest, archbishop of Rouen
    Archbishop of Rouen
    The Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Rouen is an Archdiocese of the Latin Rite of the Roman Catholic Church in France. As one of the fifteen Archbishops of France, the ecclesiastical province of the archdiocese comprises the majority of Normandy....

  • 1357 - 1358 : Gilles Aycelin de Montaigut, bishop of Thérouanne
    Thérouanne
    Thérouanne is a commune in the Pas-de-Calais department in the Nord-Pas-de-Calais region of France.-Geography:Thérouanne is located 10 miles southwest of Saint-Omer, on the D157 and D341 road junction.-Population:-History:...

  • 1357 - 1359 : Foulques Bardoul, bishop of Avranches
    Avranches
    Avranches is a commune in the Manche department in the Basse-Normandie region in north-western France. It is a sub-prefecture of the department. The inhabitants are called Avranchinais.-History:...

  • 1358 : Jean de Dormans, bishop of Lisieux
    Lisieux
    Lisieux is a commune in the Calvados department in the Basse-Normandie region in northwestern France.Lisieux is the capital of the Pays d'Auge area, which is characterised by valleys and hedged farmland...

  • 1359 - 1361 : Pierre de la Forest, cardinal
    Cardinal (Catholicism)
    A cardinal is a senior ecclesiastical official, usually an ordained bishop, and ecclesiastical prince of the Catholic Church. They are collectively known as the College of Cardinals, which as a body elects a new pope. The duties of the cardinals include attending the meetings of the College and...

    , archbishop of Rouen
  • 1361 : Gilles Aycelin de Montaigut, bishop of Thérouanne
  • 18 September 1361 - 1372 : Jean de Dormans, bishop of Lisieux
  • 1372 - 1373 : Guillaume de Dormans
  • 1373 : Jean de Dormans,
  • 20 November 1373 - 1380 : Pierre d'Orgemont
    Pierre d'Orgemont
    Pierre d’Orgemont was a French politician of the Hundred Years' War era.- Life :...

     (First President of the Parlement de Paris)
  • October 1380 - 1383 : Miles de Dormans, bishop of Beauvais
    Beauvais
    Beauvais is a city approximately by highway north of central Paris, in the northern French region of Picardie. It currently has a population of over 60,000 inhabitants.- History :...

  • 1383 - décembre 1388 : Pierre de Giac
  • décembre 1388 - 1398 : Arnaud de Corbie
  • 1398 - 1400 : Nicolas du Bosc
    Nicolas du Bosc
    Nicolas du Bosc, or du Bois, was a French politician, advisor to kings Charles V and Charles VI of France. He was one of the marmousets appointed by his detractors who took the governing of France from November 1392.-Biography:...

    , bishop of Bayeux
    Bayeux
    Bayeux is a commune in the Calvados department in Normandy in northwestern France.Bayeux is the home of the Bayeux Tapestry, which depicts the events leading up to the Norman conquest of England.-Administration:Bayeux is a sub-prefecture of Calvados...

  • 1400 - 1405 : Arnaud de Corbie
  • 1405 - 1413 : Jean de Montagu, archbishop of Sens
  • 1409 - 8 August 1413 : Arnaud de Corbie
  • 1413 : Eustache de Laistre
  • août 1413 - 29 May 1418 : Henri de Marle (-1418)
  • 1418 : Robert le Maçon
    Robert le Maçon
    Robert le Maçon was chancellor of France, advisor to Charles VII and supporter of Joan of Arc.Le Maçon was born at Château-du-Loir, Sarthe. He was ennobled in March 1401, and became six years later a councillor of Louis II, duke of Anjou and king of Sicily...

  • 1418 - 1420 : Eustache de Laistre
  • 1419 - 1421 : Robert le Maçon
    Robert le Maçon
    Robert le Maçon was chancellor of France, advisor to Charles VII and supporter of Joan of Arc.Le Maçon was born at Château-du-Loir, Sarthe. He was ennobled in March 1401, and became six years later a councillor of Louis II, duke of Anjou and king of Sicily...

  • 1420 - 1424 : Jean Le Clerc, Burgundian
    Burgundian (party)
    The Burgundian party was a political allegiance in France that formed during the reign of Charles VI during the latter half of the Hundred Years' War...

     party. Chancellor for Henry VI position as king of France.
  • 1421 - 1425 : Martin Gouge
    Martin Gouge
    Martin Gouge , surnamed De Charpaigne, was a French chancellor.He was born at Bourges about 1360. A canon of Bourges, in 1402 he became treasurer to John, duke of Bern, and in 1406 bishop of Chartres...

    , bishop of Clermont, Charles VII
    Charles VII of France
    Charles VII , called the Victorious or the Well-Served , was King of France from 1422 to his death, though he was initially opposed by Henry VI of England, whose Regent, the Duke of Bedford, ruled much of France including the capital, Paris...

    's faction
  • 1424 - 1435 : Louis de Luxembourg, bishop of Thérouanne, Burgundian
    Burgundian (party)
    The Burgundian party was a political allegiance in France that formed during the reign of Charles VI during the latter half of the Hundred Years' War...

     party
  • 1425 - 1445 : Renault de Chartres, archbishop of Reims, Charles VII
    Charles VII of France
    Charles VII , called the Victorious or the Well-Served , was King of France from 1422 to his death, though he was initially opposed by Henry VI of England, whose Regent, the Duke of Bedford, ruled much of France including the capital, Paris...

    's factions
  • 1445 - 1461 : Guillaume Jouvenel des Ursins
    Guillaume Jouvenel des Ursins
    Guillaume Jouvenel des Ursins was Justice Minister of France from 1445 to 1461 and from 1465 to 1472.-See also:*List of Justice Ministers of France...

  • 1461 - 1465 : Pierre de Morvilliers
  • 1465 - 1472 : Guillaume Jouvenel des Ursins
    Guillaume Jouvenel des Ursins
    Guillaume Jouvenel des Ursins was Justice Minister of France from 1445 to 1461 and from 1465 to 1472.-See also:*List of Justice Ministers of France...

  • 1472 - 1483 : Pierre Doriole
  • 1483 - 12 August 1492 : Guillaume de Rochefort
  • 1492 - November 1494 : Adam Fumée
  • August 1495 - 1497 : Robert Briçonnet
    Robert Briçonnet
    Robert Briçonnet was a French churchman and courtier. He became Archbishop of Reims.-Life:He was the fifth son of Jean Briçonnet, an elder brother of the Cardinal Guillaume Briçonnet...

    , archbishop of Reims
  • 1497 - 1507/1508 : Guy de Rochefort
  • 1508 - 1512 : Jean de Ganay
  • 1515 - 1535 : Antoine Duprat
    Antoine Duprat
    Antoine Duprat was a French Cardinal and politician, who was chancellor of France.-Life:Duprat was born in Issoire in Auvergne. Educated for the law, he won a high position in his profession and in 1507 became first president of the Parlement of Paris...

    , cardinal, archishop of Sens and bishop of Albi.
  • 1535 - 1538 : Antoine du Bourg
  • 1538 - 1545 : Guillaume Poyet
    Guillaume Poyet
    Guillaume Poyet was a French magistrate born in Angers. After practising successfully as a barrister at Angers and Paris, he was instructed by Louise of Savoy, mother of the king Francis I, to uphold her rights against the constable de Bourbon in 1521. This was the beginning of his fortunes...

  • 1545 - 1560 : François Olivier
  • 1560 - 1568 : Michel de l'Hospital
  • 1568 - 1571 : Jean de Morvilliers, bishop of Orléans
  • 1573 - 1583 : René de Birague
    René de Birague
    René de Birague was an Italian patrician who became a French cardinal and chancellor.-Biography:...

    , cardinal
  • 1583 - 1599 : Philippe Hurault, comte de Cheverny
  • 2 August 1599 - 9 September 1607 : Pomponne de Bellièvre
    Pomponne de Bellièvre
    Pomponne de Bellièvre was a French statesman, chancellor of France .-Life:Bellièvre was born in Lyon in 1529....

  • 10 September 1607 - 1 October 1624 : Nicolas Brûlart de Sillery
  • 3 October 1624 - 11 December 1635 : Étienne Ier d'Aligre
  • 19 December 1635 - 28 January 1672 : Pierre Séguier
    Pierre Séguier
    -Early years:Born in Paris, France of a prominent legal family originating in Quercy. His grandfather, Pierre Séguier , was président à mortier in the parlement of Paris from 1554 to 1576, and the chancellor's father, Jean Séguier, a seigneur d'Autry, was civil lieutenant of Paris at the time of...

  • 8 January 1674 - 28 October 1677 : Étienne II d'Aligre
  • 29 October 1677 - 30 October 1685 : Michel Le Tellier
  • 1 November 1685 - 2 September 1699 : Louis Boucherat, Count of Compans

Chancellors of France

Chancellor Began Ended
Louis Phélypeaux, comte de Pontchartrain
Louis Phélypeaux (1643-1727)
Louis Phélypeaux , marquis de Phélypeaux , comte de Maurepas , comte de Pontchartrain , known as the chancellor de Pontchartrain, was a French politician....

5 September 1699 1 July 1714
Daniel Voysin de La Noiraye
Daniel Voysin de la Noiraye
Daniel Voysin de La Noiraye , seigneur de Mesnil-Voysin, de Bouray, du Plessis, de La Noraye, de Ionville et de Lardy, was a French nobleman and politician...

2 July 1714 2 February 1717
Henri François d'Aguesseau
Henri François d'Aguesseau
Henri François d'Aguesseau was Chancellor of France three times between 1717 and 1750.-Biography:He was born at Limoges, France, in a family of magistrates...

3 February 1717 27 October 1750
Guillaume de Lamoignon de Blancmesnil
Guillaume de Lamoignon de Blancmesnil
Guillaume II de Lamoignon, seigneur de Blancmesnil et de Malesherbes was a French magistrate.-Biography:The second son of the président Chrétien François de Lamoignon, he was named general avocat for the Parlement of Paris on 2 July 1707 and then became président à mortier to the same parlement on...

10 December 1750 14 September 1768
René Nicolas de Maupeou 16 September 1768 1 July 1790

Keepers of the Seals, 1699-1790

Keeper of the Seals Began Ended
Louis Phélypeaux, comte de Pontchartrain
Louis Phélypeaux (1643-1727)
Louis Phélypeaux , marquis de Phélypeaux , comte de Maurepas , comte de Pontchartrain , known as the chancellor de Pontchartrain, was a French politician....

5 September 1699 1 July 1714
Daniel Voysin de La Noiraye
Daniel Voysin de la Noiraye
Daniel Voysin de La Noiraye , seigneur de Mesnil-Voysin, de Bouray, du Plessis, de La Noraye, de Ionville et de Lardy, was a French nobleman and politician...

2 July 1714 2 February 1717
Henri François d'Aguesseau
Henri François d'Aguesseau
Henri François d'Aguesseau was Chancellor of France three times between 1717 and 1750.-Biography:He was born at Limoges, France, in a family of magistrates...

3 February 1717 28 January 1718
Marc René de Voyer de Paulmy, marquis d'Argenson 28 January 1718 7 June 1720
Henri François d'Aguesseau
Henri François d'Aguesseau
Henri François d'Aguesseau was Chancellor of France three times between 1717 and 1750.-Biography:He was born at Limoges, France, in a family of magistrates...

8 June 1720 28 February 1722
Joseph Jean Baptiste Fleuriau d'Armenonville 28 February 1722 17 August 1727
Germain Louis Chauvelin
Germain Louis Chauvelin
Germain Louis Chauvelin , marquis de Grosbois, was a French politician, serving as garde des sceaux and Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs under Louis XV.-Life:...

23 August 1727 20 February 1737
Henri François d'Aguesseau
Henri François d'Aguesseau
Henri François d'Aguesseau was Chancellor of France three times between 1717 and 1750.-Biography:He was born at Limoges, France, in a family of magistrates...

20 February 1737 27 November 1750
Jean-Baptiste de Machault d'Arnouville 27 November 1750 1 February 1757
vacant 1 February 1757 13 October 1761
Nicolas René Berryer
Nicolas René Berryer
Nicolas René Berryer, comte de La Ferrière Nicolas René Berryer, comte de La Ferrière Nicolas René Berryer, comte de La Ferrière (4 March 1703, Paris - 15 August 1762, Versailles was a French magistrate and politician. He is best known for his service as Minister of Marine during the Seven Years...

13 October 1761 15 September 1762
Paul Esprit Feydeau de Brou 27 September 1762 3 October 1763
René Charles de Maupeou 3 October 1763 18 September 1768
René Nicolas de Maupeou 18 September 1768 24 August 1774
Armand Thomas Hue de Miromesnil
Armand Thomas Hue de Miromesnil
Armand Thomas Hue de Miromesnil was a minister of the French Ancien Régime who served as Keeper of the Seals under Louis XVI. He was brought into the ministry by his patron Maurepas following the ascension of Louis XVI and the dissolution of the Maupeou ministry, taking office alongside Turgot...

24 August 1774 8 April 1787
Chrétien François de Lamoignon de Basville 8 April 1787 14 September 1788
Charles Louis François de Paule de Barentin
Charles Louis François de Paule de Barentin
Charles Louis François de Paule de Barentin was a French statesman and Keeper of the Seals of France at the end of the reign of Louis XVI. He was born in Paris on 1 July 1738 and died in Paris on 30 May 1819....

17 September 1788 3 August 1789
Jérôme Champion de Cicé 4 August 1789 21 November 1790

Ministers of Justice, 1790-1944

Minister Began Ended
Marguerite-Louis-François Duport-Dutertre 21 November 1790 23 March 1792
Jean-Marie Roland de la Platière 23 March 1792 14 April 1792
Antoine Duranthon 14 April 1792 4 July 1792
Étienne Louis Hector Dejoly 4 July 1792 10 August 1792
Georges Danton
Georges Danton
Georges Jacques Danton was leading figure in the early stages of the French Revolution and the first President of the Committee of Public Safety. Danton's role in the onset of the Revolution has been disputed; many historians describe him as "the chief force in theoverthrow of the monarchy and the...

10 August 1792 9 October 1792
Dominique Joseph Garat
Dominique Joseph Garat
Dominique Joseph Garat was a French writer and politician.- Biography :Garat was born at Bayonne...

9 October 1792 20 March 1793
Louis Jérôme Gohier 20 March 1793 20 April 1794
none 20 April 1794 3 November 1795
Philippe Antoine Merlin de Douai 3 November 1795 5 January 1796
Charles François Jean Joseph Victor Génissieu 5 January 1796 4 April 1796
Philippe Antoine Merlin de Douai 4 April 1796 24 September 1797
Charles Joseph Mathieu Lambrechts 24 September 1797 20 July 1799
Jean Jacques Régis de Cambacérès
Jean Jacques Régis de Cambacérès
Jean-Jacques-Régis de Cambacérès, 1st Duke of Parma was a French lawyer and statesman during the French Revolution and the First Empire, best remembered as the author of the Napoleonic code, which still forms the basis of French civil law.-Early career:Cambacérès was born in Montpellier, into a...

20 July 1799 25 December 1799
André Joseph Abrial
André Joseph Abrial
André Joseph Abrial was a French politician and Minister of Justice from 1799 to 1802.-References:...

25 December 1799 14 September 1802
Claude Régnier, duc de Massa 14 September 1802 20 November 1813
Louis-Mathieu Molé 20 November 1813 1 April 1814
Pierre Paul Nicolas, baron Henrion de Pansey 3 April 1814 13 May 1814
Charles, chevalier Dambray 13 May 1814 20 March 1815
Jean Jacques Régis de Cambacérès, duc de Parme
Jean Jacques Régis de Cambacérès
Jean-Jacques-Régis de Cambacérès, 1st Duke of Parma was a French lawyer and statesman during the French Revolution and the First Empire, best remembered as the author of the Napoleonic code, which still forms the basis of French civil law.-Early career:Cambacérès was born in Montpellier, into a...

20 March 1815 22 June 1815
Antoine, comte Boulay de la Meurthe 22 June 1815 7 July 1815
Étienne Denis, baron Pasquier 9 July 1815 26 September 1815
François, comte de Barbé-Marbois 26 September 1815 7 May 1816
Charles, chevalier Dambray 7 May 1816 19 January 1817
Étienne Denis, baron Pasquier 19 January 1817 29 December 1818
Pierre François Hercule, comte de Serre 29 December 1818 14 December 1821
Charles Ignace, comte de Peyronnet 14 December 1821 4 January 1828
Joseph Marie, comte Portalis 4 January 1828 14 May 1829
Pierre Alpinien Bertrand Bourdeau 14 May 1829 8 August 1829
Jean Joseph Antoine de Courvoisier
Jean Joseph Antoine de Courvoisier
Jean Joseph Anotine de Couvoisier was a French magistrate and politician.He was born at Besançon on the 30 November 1775. During the revolutionary period he left the country and served in the army of the migrs and later in that of Austria....

8 August 1829 19 May 1830
Jean de Chantelauze 19 May 1830 31 July 1830
Jacques Charles Dupont de l'Eure 31 July 1830 27 December 1830
Joseph Mérilhou 27 December 1830 13 March 1831
Félix Barthe 13 March 1831 4 April 1834
Jean Persil 4 April 1834 22 February 1836
Paul Sauzet 22 February 1836 6 September 1836
Jean Persil 6 September 1836 15 April 1837
Félix Barthe 15 April 1837 31 March 1839
Louis Gaspard Amédée, baron Girod de l'Ain 31 March 1839 12 May 1839
Jean-Baptiste Teste
Jean-Baptiste Teste
Jean-Baptiste Teste was a French politician of the July Monarchy. He fell from grace in the Teste-Cubières scandal.-Early life:...

12 May 1839 1 March 1840
Alexandre François Vivien 1 March 1840 29 October 1840
Nicolas Martin du Nord 29 October 1840 12 March 1847
Michel Pierre Alexis Hébert 14 March 1847 24 February 1848
Adolphe Crémieux
Adolphe Crémieux
Adolphe Crémieux was a French-Jewish lawyer and statesman, and a staunch defender of the human rights of the Jews of France. - Biography :...

24 February 1848 7 June 1848
Eugène Bethmont 7 June 1848 17 July 1848
Alexandre Marie 17 July 1848 20 December 1848
Eugène Rouher
Eugène Rouher
Eugène Rouher was a French statesman of the Second Empire.He was born at Riom , where he practised law after taking his degree in Paris in 1835. In 1846 he sought election to the Chamber of Deputies as an official candidate of the Guizot ministry...

20 December 1848 26 October 1851
Joseph Corbin 26 October 1851 1 November 1851
Alfred Daviel 1 November 1851 3 December 1851
Eugène Rouher
Eugène Rouher
Eugène Rouher was a French statesman of the Second Empire.He was born at Riom , where he practised law after taking his degree in Paris in 1835. In 1846 he sought election to the Chamber of Deputies as an official candidate of the Guizot ministry...

3 December 1851 22 January 1852
Jacques Abbatucci 22 January 1852 11 November 1857
Paul de Royer 11 November 1857 5 May 1859
Claude Alphonse Delangle 5 May 1859 23 June 1863
Jules Baroche
Jules Baroche
Pierre Jules Baroche was a French statesman, who served as minister in several of Napoleon III's governments...

23 June 1863 17 July 1869
Jean-Baptiste Duvergier 17 July 1869 2 January 1870
Émile Ollivier
Émile Ollivier
Olivier Émile Ollivier was a French statesman. Although a republican, he served as a cabinet minister under Emperor Napoleon III and led the process of turning his regime into a "liberal Empire".-Early life and career:Émile Ollivier was born in Marseille...

2 January 1870 10 August 1870
Michel Grandperret 10 August 1870 4 September 1870
Adolphe Crémieux
Adolphe Crémieux
Adolphe Crémieux was a French-Jewish lawyer and statesman, and a staunch defender of the human rights of the Jews of France. - Biography :...

4 September 1870 19 February 1871
Jules Dufaure 19 February 1871 25 May 1873
Jean Ernoul 25 May 1873 26 November 1873
Octave Depeyre 26 November 1873 22 May 1874
Adrien Tailhand 22 May 1874 10 March 1875
Jules Dufaure 10 March 1875 12 December 1876
Louis Martel 12 December 1876 17 May 1877
Albert, duc de Broglie 17 May 1877 23 November 1877
François Le Pelletier 23 November 1877 13 December 1877
Jules Dufaure 13 December 1877 4 February 1879
Philippe Le Royer 4 February 1879 28 December 1879
Jules Cazot 28 December 1879 30 January 1882
Gustave Humbert 30 January 1882 7 August 1882
Paul Devès 7 August 1882 21 February 1883
Félix Martin-Feuillée 21 February 1883 6 April 1885
Henri Brisson
Henri Brisson
Eugène Henri Brisson was a French statesman, Prime Minister of France for a period in 1885-1886 and again in 1898.-Biography:He was born at Bourges , and followed his father’s profession of advocate. Having made his mark in opposition during the last days of the empire, he was appointed...

6 April 1885 7 January 1886
Charles Demôle 7 January 1886 11 December 1886
Ferdinand Sarrien
Ferdinand Sarrien
Jean Marie Ferdinand Sarrien was a French politician of the Third Republic. He was born in Bourbon-Lancy, Saône-et-Loire and died in Paris. He headed a cabinet supported by the Bloc des gauches parliamentary majority....

11 December 1886 30 May 1887
Charles Mazeau 30 May 1887 30 November 1887
Armand Fallières
Armand Fallières
Clément Armand Fallières was a French politician, president of the French republic from 1906 to 1913.He was born at Mézin in the département of Lot-et-Garonne, France, where his father was clerk of the peace...

30 November 1887 3 April 1888
Jean-Baptiste Ferrouillat 3 April 1888 5 February 1889
Edmond Guyot-Dessaigne 5 February 1889 22 February 1889
François Thévenet 22 February 1889 17 March 1890
Armand Fallières
Armand Fallières
Clément Armand Fallières was a French politician, president of the French republic from 1906 to 1913.He was born at Mézin in the département of Lot-et-Garonne, France, where his father was clerk of the peace...

17 March 1890 27 February 1892
Louis Ricard 27 February 1892 6 December 1892
Léon Bourgeois
Léon Bourgeois
-Biography:He was born in Paris, and was trained in law. After holding a subordinate office in the department of public works, he became successively prefect of the Tarn and the Haute-Garonne , and then returned to Paris to enter the ministry of the interior...

6 December 1892 12 March 1893
Jules Develle
Jules Develle
Jules Develle was a French politician. He vwas Minister of Justice and Minister of Foreign Affairs in 1893....

12 March 1893 13 March 1893
Léon Bourgeois
Léon Bourgeois
-Biography:He was born in Paris, and was trained in law. After holding a subordinate office in the department of public works, he became successively prefect of the Tarn and the Haute-Garonne , and then returned to Paris to enter the ministry of the interior...

13 March 1893 4 April 1893
Eugène Guérin 4 April 1893 3 December 1893
Antonin Dubost
Antonin Dubost
Antonin Dubost was a French journalist, State Councillor and Senator. He served as President of the French Senate from 1906 to 1920. He was a member of the Democratic Republican Alliance....

3 December 1893 30 May 1894
Eugène Guérin 30 May 1894 26 January 1895
Ludovic Trarieux
Ludovic Trarieux
Ludovic Trarieux was a French Republican statesman, prominent Dreyfusard, and pioneer of international human rights.-Early life:...

26 January 1895 1 November 1895
Louis Ricard 1 November 1895 29 April 1896
Jean-Baptiste Darlan 29 April 1896 2 December 1897
Victor Milliard 2 December 1897 28 June 1898
Ferdinand Sarrien
Ferdinand Sarrien
Jean Marie Ferdinand Sarrien was a French politician of the Third Republic. He was born in Bourbon-Lancy, Saône-et-Loire and died in Paris. He headed a cabinet supported by the Bloc des gauches parliamentary majority....

28 June 1898 1 November 1898
Georges Lebret 1 November 1898 22 June 1899
Ernest Monis
Ernest Monis
Antoine Emmanuel Ernest Monis was a French politician of the Third Republic, deputy of Gironde from 1885 to 1889 and then senator of the same department from 1891 to 1920...

22 June 1899 7 June 1902
Ernest Vallé 7 June 1902 24 January 1905
Joseph Chaumié
Joseph Chaumié
Joseph Chaumié was a French politician, Senator for Lot-et-Garonne from 1897 until his death.Joseph Chaumié was born in Agen, Lot-et-Garonne, into a family of modest means...

24 January 1905 14 March 1906
Ferdinand Sarrien
Ferdinand Sarrien
Jean Marie Ferdinand Sarrien was a French politician of the Third Republic. He was born in Bourbon-Lancy, Saône-et-Loire and died in Paris. He headed a cabinet supported by the Bloc des gauches parliamentary majority....

14 March 1906 25 October 1906
Edmond Guyot-Dessaigne 25 October 1906 31 December 1907
Aristide Briand
Aristide Briand
Aristide Briand was a French statesman who served eleven terms as Prime Minister of France during the French Third Republic and received the 1926 Nobel Peace Prize.- Early life :...

4 January 1908 24 July 1909
Louis Barthou
Louis Barthou
Jean Louis Barthou was a French politician of the Third Republic.-Early years:He was born in Oloron-Sainte-Marie, Pyrénées-Atlantiques, and served as Deputy from that constituency. He was an authority on trade union history and law. Barthou was Prime Minister in 1913, and held ministerial office...

24 July 1909 3 November 1910
Théodore Girard 3 November 1910 2 March 1911
Antoine Perrier 2 March 1911 27 June 1911
Jean Cruppi
Jean Cruppi
Jean Cruppi was a French politician of the Third Republic....

27 June 1911 14 January 1912
Aristide Briand
Aristide Briand
Aristide Briand was a French statesman who served eleven terms as Prime Minister of France during the French Third Republic and received the 1926 Nobel Peace Prize.- Early life :...

14 January 1912 21 January 1913
Louis Barthou
Louis Barthou
Jean Louis Barthou was a French politician of the Third Republic.-Early years:He was born in Oloron-Sainte-Marie, Pyrénées-Atlantiques, and served as Deputy from that constituency. He was an authority on trade union history and law. Barthou was Prime Minister in 1913, and held ministerial office...

21 January 1913 22 March 1913
Antony Ratier 22 March 1913 9 December 1913
Jean-Baptiste Bienvenu-Martin
Bienvenu Martin
Jean-Baptiste Bienvenu Martin was a French Radical leader and cabinet officer. He was born at Saint-Bris-le-Vineux , and was educated in the law. He held an underprefecture, entered the Council of State, and in 1894 became director under the Minister of the Colonies...

9 December 1913 9 June 1914
Alexandre Ribot
Alexandre Ribot
Alexandre-Félix-Joseph Ribot was a French politician, four times Prime Minister.-Biography:He was born in Saint-Omer, Pas-de-Calais.After a brilliant academic career at the University of Paris, where he was lauréat of the faculty of law, he rapidly made his mark at the bar...

9 June 1914 13 June 1914
Jean-Baptiste Bienvenu-Martin
Bienvenu Martin
Jean-Baptiste Bienvenu Martin was a French Radical leader and cabinet officer. He was born at Saint-Bris-le-Vineux , and was educated in the law. He held an underprefecture, entered the Council of State, and in 1894 became director under the Minister of the Colonies...

13 June 1914 26 August 1914
Aristide Briand
Aristide Briand
Aristide Briand was a French statesman who served eleven terms as Prime Minister of France during the French Third Republic and received the 1926 Nobel Peace Prize.- Early life :...

26 August 1914 29 October 1915
René Viviani
René Viviani
Jean Raphaël Adrien René Viviani was a French politician of the Third Republic, who served as Prime Minister for the first year of World War I. He was born in Sidi Bel Abbès, in French Algeria. In France he sought to protect the rights of socialists and trade union workers.-Biography:His...

29 October 1915 12 September 1917
Raoul Péret
Raoul Péret
Raoul Adolphe Péret was a French lawyer and politician.-Biography:Raoul Péret was born in Châtellerault , son of a magistrate. He followed his father into the law, becoming an advocate at the Court of Cassation in Paris. In 1893 he served as an aide to Justice Minister Eugène Guérin...

12 September 1917 16 November 1917
Louis Nail 16 November 1917 20 January 1920
Gustave L'Hopiteau 20 January 1920 16 January 1921
Laurent Bonnevay
Laurent Bonnevay
Laurent Bonnevay was a radical centrist French politician during the Third and Fourth Republics, first member of the Republican Federation and then of the Independent Radicals center-right group....

16 January 1921 15 January 1922
Louis Barthou
Louis Barthou
Jean Louis Barthou was a French politician of the Third Republic.-Early years:He was born in Oloron-Sainte-Marie, Pyrénées-Atlantiques, and served as Deputy from that constituency. He was an authority on trade union history and law. Barthou was Prime Minister in 1913, and held ministerial office...

15 January 1922 5 October 1922
Maurice Colrat 5 October 1922 29 March 1924
Edmond Lefebvre du Prey
Edmond Lefebvre du Prey
Edmond Lefebvre du Prey was a French politician of the Third Republic....

29 March 1924 9 June 1924
Antony Ratier 9 June 1924 14 June 1924
René Renoult
René Renoult
René Renoult was a French Minister and lawyer.Renoult is the son of Étienne and Élisa Geranger, a female day laborer. He studied at the Faculty of Law in Paris and obtained his doctorate in 1888...

14 June 1924 17 April 1925
Théodore Steeg
Théodore Steeg
Théodore Steeg was a French politician of the Third Republic, deputy of the Seine from 1906 to 1914 and senator of the same department from 1914 to 1940....

17 April 1925 11 October 1925
Anatole de Monzie
Anatole de Monzie
Anatole de Monzie was a French administrator, encyclopaedist , political figure and scholar. His father was a tax collector in Bazas, Gironde where Anatole - a name he disliked from an early age - was born in 1876...

11 October 1925 29 October 1925
Camille Chautemps
Camille Chautemps
Camille Chautemps was a French Radical politician of the Third Republic, three times President of the Council .-Career:Described as "intellectually bereft", Chautemps nevertheless entered politics and became Mayor of Tours in 1912, and a Radical deputy in 1919...

29 October 1925 28 November 1925
René Renoult
René Renoult
René Renoult was a French Minister and lawyer.Renoult is the son of Étienne and Élisa Geranger, a female day laborer. He studied at the Faculty of Law in Paris and obtained his doctorate in 1888...

28 November 1925 9 March 1926
Pierre Laval
Pierre Laval
Pierre Laval was a French politician. He was four times President of the council of ministers of the Third Republic, twice consecutively. Following France's Armistice with Germany in 1940, he served twice in the Vichy Regime as head of government, signing orders permitting the deportation of...

9 March 1926 19 July 1926
Maurice Colrat 19 July 1926 23 July 1926
Louis Barthou
Louis Barthou
Jean Louis Barthou was a French politician of the Third Republic.-Early years:He was born in Oloron-Sainte-Marie, Pyrénées-Atlantiques, and served as Deputy from that constituency. He was an authority on trade union history and law. Barthou was Prime Minister in 1913, and held ministerial office...

23 July 1926 3 November 1929
Lucien Hubert 3 November 1929 21 February 1930
Théodore Steeg
Théodore Steeg
Théodore Steeg was a French politician of the Third Republic, deputy of the Seine from 1906 to 1914 and senator of the same department from 1914 to 1940....

21 February 1930 2 March 1930
Raoul Péret
Raoul Péret
Raoul Adolphe Péret was a French lawyer and politician.-Biography:Raoul Péret was born in Châtellerault , son of a magistrate. He followed his father into the law, becoming an advocate at the Court of Cassation in Paris. In 1893 he served as an aide to Justice Minister Eugène Guérin...

2 March 1930 17 November 1930
Henry Chéron 17 November 1930 27 January 1931
Léon Bérard
Léon Bérard
Léon Bérard was a French politician and lawyer.He was Minister of Public Instruction in 1919 and from 1921 to 1924, and Minister of Justice from 1931 to 1932 and was elected to the Académie française in 1934.Bérard was the Ambassador from Vichy France to the Holy See from 1940 to 1945.-Léon Bérard...

27 January 1931 20 February 1932
Paul Reynaud
Paul Reynaud
Paul Reynaud was a French politician and lawyer prominent in the interwar period, noted for his stances on economic liberalism and militant opposition to Germany. He was the penultimate Prime Minister of the Third Republic and vice-president of the Democratic Republican Alliance center-right...

20 February 1932 3 June 1932
René Renoult
René Renoult
René Renoult was a French Minister and lawyer.Renoult is the son of Étienne and Élisa Geranger, a female day laborer. He studied at the Faculty of Law in Paris and obtained his doctorate in 1888...

3 June 1932 18 December 1932
Abel Gardey
Abel Gardey
Abel Gardey was a French politician. In 1933, he has been the French Minister of Budget....

18 December 1932 31 January 1933
Eugène Penancier 31 January 1933 26 October 1933
Albert Dalimier 26 October 1933 26 November 1933
Eugène Raynaldy 26 November 1933 27 January 1934
Eugène Penancier 27 January 1934 9 February 1934
Henry Chéron 9 February 1934 15 October 1934
Henry Lémery
Henry Lemery
Henri Lemery was a politician from Martinique who served in the French National Assembly from 1914-1919 and the French Senate from 1920-1941.Lemery also served as Minister of Justice of France from October-November 1934 .-References:**...

15 October 1934 8 November 1934
Georges Pernot 8 November 1934 7 June 1935
Léon Bérard
Léon Bérard
Léon Bérard was a French politician and lawyer.He was Minister of Public Instruction in 1919 and from 1921 to 1924, and Minister of Justice from 1931 to 1932 and was elected to the Académie française in 1934.Bérard was the Ambassador from Vichy France to the Holy See from 1940 to 1945.-Léon Bérard...

7 June 1935 4 June 1936
Marc Rucart 4 June 1936 22 June 1937
Vincent Auriol
Vincent Auriol
Vincent Jules Auriol was a French politician who served as the first President of the Fourth Republic from 1947 to 1954. He also served as interim President of the Provisional Government from November to December 1946, making him one of only three people who were heads of state of the French...

22 June 1937 18 January 1938
César Campinchi
César Campinchi
César Campinchi was a lawyer and French statesman in the beginning of the 20th century....

18 January 1938 13 March 1938
Marc Rucart 13 March 1938 10 April 1938
Paul Reynaud
Paul Reynaud
Paul Reynaud was a French politician and lawyer prominent in the interwar period, noted for his stances on economic liberalism and militant opposition to Germany. He was the penultimate Prime Minister of the Third Republic and vice-president of the Democratic Republican Alliance center-right...

10 April 1938 1 November 1938
Paul Marchandeau
Paul Marchandeau
Paul Marchandeau was a French politician. He was awarded the Croix de guerre and the Légion d'honneur, for his actions during World War I. From 1925 until 1942, he was the mayor of Reims...

1 November 1938 13 September 1939
Georges Bonnet
Georges Bonnet
Not to be confused with the French Socialist Georges MonnetGeorges-Étienne Bonnet was a French politician and leading figure in the Radical-Socialist Party.- Early career :...

13 September 1939 21 March 1940
Albert Sérol 21 March 1940 16 June 1940
Charles Frémicourt 16 June 1940 12 July 1940
Raphaël Alibert
Raphaël Alibert
Raphaël Alibert was a French politician.-Politics:Raphael Alibert was an ardent Roman Catholic convert and someone with strong royalist ideas. One of the most intense followers of Charles Maurras, Alibert was elected to the Chamber of Deputies for the Action Française party...

12 July 1940 27 January 1941
Joseph Barthélemy
Joseph Barthélemy
Joseph Barthélemy was a French jurist, politician and journalist. Initially a critic of Nazi Germany, he would go on to serve as a minister in the collaborationist Vichy regime.-Early years:...

27 January 1941 26 March 1943
Maurice Gabolde 26 March 1943 20 August 1944

Free French Commissioners for Justice, 1941-1944

Commissioner Began Ended
René Cassin
René Cassin
René Samuel Cassin was a French jurist, law professor and judge. A soldier in World War I, he later went on to form the Union Fédérale, a leftist, pacifist Veterans organisation...

24 September 1941 7 June 1943
Jules Abadie 7 June 1943 4 September 1943
François de Menthon
François de Menthon
François de Menthon was a French politician and professor of law.-Early and private life:Menthon was born in Montmirey-la-Ville in Jura. He was a son of an old noble family from Menthon-Saint-Bernard. He studied law in Dijon, where he joined Action catholique de la Jeunesse française . He also...

4 September 1943 10 September 1944

Ministers of Justice, 1944-present

Minister Began Ended
François de Menthon
François de Menthon
François de Menthon was a French politician and professor of law.-Early and private life:Menthon was born in Montmirey-la-Ville in Jura. He was a son of an old noble family from Menthon-Saint-Bernard. He studied law in Dijon, where he joined Action catholique de la Jeunesse française . He also...

10 September 1944 30 May 1945
Pierre-Henri Teitgen
Pierre-Henri Teitgen
Pierre-Henri Teitgen was a French lawyer, professor and politician.Teitgen was born in Rennes, Brittany. Made prisoner of war in 1940, he played a major role in the French Resistance....

30 May 1945 18 December 1946
Paul Ramadier
Paul Ramadier
Paul Ramadier was a prominent French politician of the Third and Fourth Republics. Mayor of Decazeville starting in 1919, he served as the first Prime Minister of the Fourth Republic in 1947. On 10 July 1940, he voted against the granting of the full powers to Marshal Philippe Pétain, who...

18 December 1946 22 January 1947
André Marie
André Marie
André Marie was a French Radical politician who served as Prime Minister during the Fourth Republic in 1948.-Biography:...

22 January 1947 26 July 1948
Robert Lecourt
Robert Lecourt
Robert Lecourt was a French politician and lawyer, judge and the fourth President of the European Court of Justice.Lecourt was born in Pavilly, Seine-Maritime...

26 July 1948 11 September 1948
André Marie
André Marie
André Marie was a French Radical politician who served as Prime Minister during the Fourth Republic in 1948.-Biography:...

11 September 1948 13 February 1949
Robert Lecourt
Robert Lecourt
Robert Lecourt was a French politician and lawyer, judge and the fourth President of the European Court of Justice.Lecourt was born in Pavilly, Seine-Maritime...

13 February 1949 28 October 1949
René Mayer
René Mayer
René Mayer was a French Radical politician of the Fourth Republic who served briefly as Prime Minister during 1953. He led the Mayer Authority from 1955 to 1958.-Mayer's Ministry, 8 January – 28 June 1953:*René Mayer – President of the Council...

28 October 1949 11 August 1951
Edgar Faure
Edgar Faure
Edgar Faure was a French politician, essayist, historian, and memoirist.-Career:Faure was born in Béziers, Languedoc-Roussillon. He trained as a lawyer in Paris and became a member of the Bar at 27, the youngest lawyer in France to do so at the time...

11 August 1951 20 January 1952
Léon Martinaud-Deplat 20 January 1952 28 June 1953
Paul Ribeyre 28 June 1953 19 June 1954
Émile Hugues
Émile Hugues
Émile Hugues was a French politician and government minister.With a doctorate in law and by profession a notaire, Hugues was elected in 1946 as a Radical-Socialist député for the Alpes-Maritimes département to the second constituent National Assembly, and subsequently to the Assemblée nationale,...

19 June 1954 3 September 1954
Jean-Michel Guérin de Beaumont 3 September 1954 20 January 1955
Emmanuel Temple 20 January 1955 23 February 1955
Robert Schuman
Robert Schuman
Robert Schuman was a noted Luxembourgish-born French statesman. Schuman was a Christian Democrat and an independent political thinker and activist...

23 February 1955 1 February 1956
François Mitterrand
François Mitterrand
François Maurice Adrien Marie Mitterrand was the 21st President of the French Republic and ex officio Co-Prince of Andorra, serving from 1981 until 1995. He is the longest-serving President of France and, as leader of the Socialist Party, the only figure from the left so far elected President...

1 February 1956 13 June 1957
Édouard Corniglion-Molinier
Edouard Corniglion-Molinier
General Edouard Corniglion-Molinier aviator and member of the French Resistance, member of the French government during the French Fourth Republic, in the 1950s, movie producer , friend of Marcel Dassault and cousin of Fred Vidal....

13 June 1957 6 November 1957
Robert Lecourt
Robert Lecourt
Robert Lecourt was a French politician and lawyer, judge and the fourth President of the European Court of Justice.Lecourt was born in Pavilly, Seine-Maritime...

6 November 1957 1 June 1958
Michel Debré
Michel Debré
Michel Jean-Pierre Debré was a French Gaullist politician. He is considered the "father" of the current Constitution of France, and was the first Prime Minister of the Fifth Republic...

1 June 1958 8 January 1959
Edmond Michelet
Edmond Michelet
Edmond Michelet was a French politician.On 17 June 1940, he distributed tracts calling to continue the war in all Brive-la-Gaillarde's mailboxes...

8 January 1959 24 August 1961
Bernard Chenot
Bernard Chenot
Bernard Chenot was a French politician and senior official.-Life:Bernard Chenot was the son of a Parisian barrister. He became a member of the Conseil d'Etat during the Third Republic, and worked in several government departments. He remained in his position under the Vichy government after 1940...

24 August 1961 15 April 1962
Jean Foyer
Jean Foyer
Jean Foyer was a French politician and minister. He studied law and became a law professor at the university...

15 April 1962 6 April 1967
Louis Joxe
Louis Joxe
Louis Joxe was a French statesman, judge and politician.-Career:* Ambassador of France to the USSR * Ambassador of France to the Federal Republic of Germany...

6 April 1967 30 May 1968
René Capitant
René Capitant
René Marie Alphonse Charles Capitant was a French lawyer and politician.He was the son of a lawyer, Henri Capitant, and attended the Lycée Henri-IV in Paris...

30 May 1968 28 April 1969
Jean-Marcel Jeanneney
Jean-Marcel Jeanneney
Jean-Marcel Jeanneney was a minister in various French governments in the 1950s and 60s, as well as France's first ambassador to Algeria in the immediate aftermath of the Algerian War...

28 April 1969 22 June 1969
René Pleven
René Pleven
René Pléven was a notable French politician of the Fourth Republic. A member of the Free French, he helped found the Democratic and Socialist Union of the Resistance , a political party that was meant to be a successor to the wartime Resistance movement...

22 June 1969 16 March 1973
Pierre Messmer
Pierre Messmer
Pierre Joseph Auguste Messmer was a French Gaullist politician. He served as Minister of Armies under Charles de Gaulle from 1960 to 1969 – the longest serving since Étienne François, duc de Choiseul under Louis XV – and then as Prime Minister under Georges Pompidou from 1972 to 1974...

16 March 1973 6 April 1973
Jean Taittinger
Jean Taittinger
Jean Taittinger is a former French politician and member of the champagne producing Taittinger family.-Political career:Taittinger was Minister of Budget between January 7, 1971 and April 5, 1973...

6 April 1973 28 May 1974
Jean Lecanuet
Jean Lecanuet
Jean Adrien François Lecanuet was a French centrist politician. He was born to a family of modest means, and gravitated towards literature during his studies. He received his diploma at the age of 22, becoming the youngest agrégé in France...

28 May 1974 27 August 1976
Olivier Guichard
Olivier Guichard
Olivier Guichard was a French politician. He was born in Néac and joined the French Army in 1944 and served until the end of World War II, during which, he earned the Médaille militaire and the Croix de guerre. At the end of his life he also was a grand officer of the Légion d'honneur.In 1947, he...

27 August 1976 30 March 1977
Alain Peyrefitte
Alain Peyrefitte
Alain Peyrefitte was a French scholar and politician.He was a confidant of Charles De Gaulle and had a long career in public service, serving as a diplomat in Germany and Poland....

30 March 1977 22 May 1981
Maurice Faure
Maurice Faure
Maurice Faure at Azerat, Dordogne is a former member of the French Resistance and a former minister in several French governments....

22 May 1981 23 June 1981
Robert Badinter
Robert Badinter
Robert Badinter is a high-profile French criminal lawyer, university professor and politician mainly known for his struggle against the death penalty, the abolition of which he successfully sponsored in Parliament in 1981...

23 June 1981 19 February 1986
Michel Crépeau
Michel Crépeau
Michel Crépeau was a French centre-left politician.Born in 1930, barrister, he joined the Radical Party. When it split in 1972, he founded the Movement of Left Radicals which chosen the alliance with the Socialist Party and the French Communist Party...

19 February 1986 20 March 1986
Albin Chalandon
Albin Chalandon
Albin Chalandon is a French politician and a former minister.Between 1968 and 1972, he was Minister of Public Works...

20 March 1986 12 May 1988
Pierre Arpaillange
Pierre Arpaillange
Pierre Arpaillange is a French author, senior judge and former Government Minister.-Career:After obtaining his law degree, Arpaillange began a judicial career in 1949...

12 May 1988 2 October 1990
Henri Nallet
Henri Nallet
Henri Nallet is a French politician. He is a member of the Socialist Party.He was twice Minister of Agriculture between 1985 and 1986, and between 1988 and 1990. He also was the Minister of Justice between 1990 and 1992.-References:...

2 October 1990 2 April 1992
Michel Vauzelle
Michel Vauzelle
Michel Vauzelle is the president of the regional council of Provence-Alpes-Cote-d'Azur since 1998. He is a member of the Socialist Party and was Minister of Justice in the Pierre Bérégovoy government in 1992–1993....

2 April 1992 29 March 1993
Pierre Méhaignerie
Pierre Méhaignerie
Pierre Méhaignerie is a French politician. He is presently deputy of the Ille-et-Vilaine's 5th constituency and mayor of Vitré...

29 March 1993 18 May 1995
Jacques Toubon
Jacques Toubon
Jacques Toubon is a right-wing French politician who held several major national and Parisian offices.-Political career:Governmental functionsMinister of Culture : 1993–1995....

18 May 1995 4 June 1997
Elisabeth Guigou
Élisabeth Guigou
Élisabeth Guigou is a French Socialist politician.-Biography:After attending ENA, France's elite graduate school of public affairs, she worked on Jacques Delors' staff in 1982 before being hired by Hubert Védrine in François Mitterrand's...

4 June 1997 18 October 2000
Marylise Lebranchu
Marylise Lebranchu
Marylise Lebranchu is a member of the National Assembly of France. She represents the Finistère department, and is a member of the Socialist Party and of the Socialiste, radical, citoyen et divers gauche parliamentary group.-References:...

18 October 2000 7 May 2002
Dominique Perben
Dominique Perben
Dominique Perben is a French politician. Born in Lyon, he was French Minister of Transportation from 2005 to 2007. He was previously Minister of Justice , Minister of Civil Service and Administration and Minister of Overseas France .Perben has been a Deputy in the National Assembly for the fifth...

7 May 2002 2 June 2005
Pascal Clément 2 June 2005 18 May 2007
Rachida Dati
Rachida Dati
Rachida Dati is a French politician and Member of the European Parliament, representing Île-de-France. Before her election, she held the cabinet post of Keeper of the Seals, Minister of Justice. She was a spokesperson for Nicolas Sarkozy during the French presidential election of 2007...

18 May 2007 23 June 2009
Michèle Alliot-Marie
Michèle Alliot-Marie
Michèle Jeanne Honorine Alliot-Marie, born 10 September 1946 and nicknamed MAM, is a French politician of the Union for a Popular Movement . A member of all but one right-wing governments of the 1980s, 1990s and 2000s, she was the first woman in France to hold the portfolios of Defense , the...

23 June 2009 14 November 2010
Michel Mercier
Michel Mercier
Michel Mercier is a French politician and cabinet minister since 2009.After studying law and graduation from the Lyon IEP, he taught finance and local government law at the Faculty of Law of Lyon II....

14 November 2010 present