List of American philosophers

List of American philosophers

Encyclopedia
This is a list of American philosophers
American philosophy
American philosophy is the philosophical activity or output of Americans, both within the United States and abroad. The Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy notes that while American philosophy lacks a "core of defining features, American Philosophy can nevertheless be seen as both reflecting and...

; of philosophers who are either from, or spent many productive years of their lives in the United States.

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z 
See also – References

A

  • Francis Ellingwood Abbot
    Francis Ellingwood Abbot
    Francis Ellingwood Abbot was an American philosopher and theologian who sought to reconstruct theology in accord with scientific method....

  • David Abram
    David Abram
    David Abram is an American philosopher, cultural ecologist, and performance artist, best known for his work bridging the philosophical tradition of phenomenology with environmental and ecological issues...

  • Peter Achinstein
    Peter Achinstein
    Peter Achinstein is a distinguished American Philosopher of Science. He is the author of numerous influential books and articles. He is the Jay and Jeanie Schottenstein University Professor of Philosophy at Yeshiva University, director of the Yeshiva Center for History and Philosophy of Science,...

  • Marilyn McCord Adams
    Marilyn McCord Adams
    Marilyn McCord Adams is an American philosopher working in philosophy of religion, philosophical theology and medieval philosophy.-Family:Adams is the daughter of William Clark McCord and Wilmah Brown McCord...

  • Robert Merrihew Adams
  • Jane Addams
    Jane Addams
    Jane Addams was a pioneer settlement worker, founder of Hull House in Chicago, public philosopher, sociologist, author, and leader in woman suffrage and world peace...

  • Mortimer Adler
    Mortimer Adler
    Mortimer Jerome Adler was an American philosopher, educator, and popular author. As a philosopher he worked within the Aristotelian and Thomistic traditions. He lived for the longest stretches in New York City, Chicago, San Francisco, and San Mateo, California...

  • Linda Martín Alcoff
    Linda Martín Alcoff
    Linda Martín Alcoff is a philosopher at the City University of New York who specializes in epistemology, feminism, race theory and existentialism. She is currently the vice president of the APA, Eastern Division. She earned her PhD in Philosophy from Brown University...

  • Virgil Aldrich
    Virgil Aldrich
    Virgil Charles Aldrich, , was an American philosopher of art, language, and religion.-Early life and education:...

  • Hartley Burr Alexander
    Hartley Burr Alexander
    Hartley Burr Alexander, Ph.D American philosopher, writer, educator, scholar, poet, and iconographer born Lincoln, Nebraska, on April 9, 1873.-Family and early years:...

  • Diogenes Allen
    Diogenes Allen
    The Diogenes Allen is Professor Emeritus and former Stuart Professor of Philosophy at Princeton Theological Seminary. He is ordained by the Episcopal Church in the United States of America and currently serves as Priest Associate at All Saints' Episcopal Church, Princeton, New Jersey...

  • Robert F. Almeder
    Robert F. Almeder
    Robert F. Almeder worked as an American Professor of Philosophy at Georgia State University until his retirement in 2005 and has written extensively on the Philosophy of Science, Epistemology, and Ethics...

  • William Alston
    William Alston
    William Payne Alston was an American philosopher. He made influential contributions to the philosophy of language, epistemology and Christian philosophy. He earned his Ph.D...

  • Alice Ambrose
    Alice Ambrose
    Alice Ambrose Lazerowitz was an American philosopher, logician, and author.Alice Ambrose was born in Lexington, Illinois and studied philosophy and mathematics at Millikin University. After completing her PhD at the University of Wisconsin–Madison in 1932, she went to Cambridge University to study...

  • Karl Ameriks
    Karl Ameriks
    Karl P. Ameriks is an American philosopher. He is the McMahon-Hank Professor of Philosophy at the University of Notre Dame. Ameriks studied at Yale University, A.B., summa cum laude , Ph.D. , where he wrote his thesis under the direction of Karsten Harries...

  • C. Anthony Anderson
    C. Anthony Anderson
    Curtis Anthony Anderson is a contemporary American philosopher, presently Professor of Philosophy at the University of California at Santa Barbara. He earned his Ph.D. in philosophy from University of California at Los Angeles in 1977, where he worked closely with the ground-breaking logician...

  • Gordon Anderson
    Gordon Anderson (author)
    Gordon L. Anderson is an American philosopher and the author of Philosophy of the United States and Secretary General of Professors World Peace Academy. He is a graduate of Claremont, where he earned a doctorate in philosophy of religion.-References:...

  • Judith Andre
    Judith Andre
    Judith Andre is a philosophy professor and virtue theorist. She earned her Ph.D. at Michigan State University in 1979 and has taught courses on ethical issues in global public health, ethics and development, animal welfare, and virtue theory at Old Dominion University and Michigan State University...

  • Julia Annas
    Julia Annas
    Julia Elizabeth Annas is a British American philosopher. She is Regents Professor of Philosophy at the University of Arizona.-Biography:...

  • Ruth Nanda Anshen
    Ruth Nanda Anshen
    Ruth Nanda Anshen was an American philosopher, author and editor.She was the author of several books including The Anatomy of Evil, Biography of An Idea, Morals Equals Manners and The Mystery of Consciousness: A Prescription for Human Survival.Anshen was the editor of several series of books,...

  • Hannah Arendt
    Hannah Arendt
    Hannah Arendt was a German American political theorist. She has often been described as a philosopher, although she refused that label on the grounds that philosophy is concerned with "man in the singular." She described herself instead as a political theorist because her work centers on the fact...

  • Richard Arneson
    Richard Arneson
    Richard Arneson is an American philosopher specializing in political philosophy who has taught at the University of California, San Diego since 1973. He chaired the department during 1992 - 1996, and served as graduate adviser. In 1996, he also served as visiting professor in the Politics,...

  • Robert Arrington
  • Bradley Shavit Artson
    Bradley Shavit Artson
    Bradley Shavit Artson is an American rabbi, author, speaker, and the occupant of the Abner and Roslyn Goldstine Dean's Chair of the Ziegler School of Rabbinic Studies at the American Jewish University in Los Angeles, California, where he is Vice-President...

  • Warren Ashby
    Warren Ashby
    Dr. Warren Ashby was an American philosopher.-Biography:Ashby graduated with a bachelor of arts from Maryville College, Tennessee, in 1939 and earned B.D. and Ph.D. degrees from Yale University in 1949...

  • Robert Audi
    Robert Audi
    Robert Audi is an American philosopher whose major work has focused on epistemology, ethics—especially on ethical intuitionism-and the theory of action. He is O'Brien Professor of Philosophy at the University of Notre Dame, and previously held a Chair in the Business School there...

  • Jody Azzouni
    Jody Azzouni
    Jody Azzouni is an American philosopher, short fiction writer, and poet. He currently is Professor of Philosophy at Tufts University.-Education:...


B

  • Babette Babich
    Babette Babich
    Babette E. Babich is an American philosopher known for her studies of Nietzsche, Heidegger and Hölderlin as well as for her work in aesthetics, including the history of ancient Greek sculpture, and continental philosophy, especially continental philosophy of science and technology.- Selected...

  • Kent Bach
    Kent Bach
    Kent Bach is an American philosopher and Professor of Philosophy at San Francisco State University. His primary areas of research include the philosophy of language, linguistics and epistemology...

  • Max Baginski
    Max Baginski
    Max Baginski was a German-American anarchist.Baginski was born in 1864 in Bartenstein , a small East Prussian town. His father was shoemaker who had been active in the 1848 revolution and was thus shunned by the conservative inhabitants of the village...

  • Archie J. Bahm
    Archie J. Bahm
    Archie John Bahm was an American philosopher and professor of philosophy at the University of New Mexico.-Biography:...

  • Gordon Park Baker
    Gordon Park Baker
    Gordon Park Baker was an American-English philosopher. His topics of interest included Ludwig Wittgenstein, Gottlob Frege, Friedrich Waismann, Bertrand Russell, the Vienna Circle, and René Descartes...

  • Lynne Rudder Baker
    Lynne Rudder Baker
    Lynne Rudder Baker is an American philosopher and author, currently a "Distinguished Professor" at the University of Massachusetts Amherst. She is a native of Atlanta. She got her Ph.D. in 1972 from Vanderbilt University....

  • Dan Barker
    Dan Barker
    Dan Barker is a prominent American atheist activist who served as a Christian preacher and musician for 19 years but left Christianity in 1984.-Biography:...

  • William Barratt
    William Barratt
    William James Barratt was an English convert to Mormonism and became the first Latter Day Saint to live in Australia when he was sent there as a missionary of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints. However, he ultimately apostatized from Mormonism.Barratt was born in Burslem, North...

  • William Warren Bartley
    William Warren Bartley
    William Warren Bartley, III, was an American philosopher and Professor of Philosophy at Stanford University.-Life:...

  • Jacques Barzun
    Jacques Barzun
    Jacques Martin Barzun is a French-born American historian of ideas and culture. He has written on a wide range of topics, but is perhaps best known as a philosopher of education, his Teacher in America being a strong influence on post-WWII training of schoolteachers in the United...

  • Monroe Beardsley
    Monroe Beardsley
    Monroe Curtis Beardsley was an American philosopher of art. He was born and raised in Bridgeport, Connecticut, and educated at Yale University , where he received the John Addison Porter Prize...

  • Tom Beauchamp
    Tom Beauchamp
    Tom L. Beauchamp is an American philosopher and bioethicist. He currently serves as Professor of Philosophy and Senior Research Scholar at the Kennedy Institute of Ethics at Georgetown University. He earned his B.A. from Southern Methodist University in 1963, a B.D. from Yale Divinity School, and...

  • Lewis White Beck
    Lewis White Beck
    Lewis White Beck was an American philosopher and scholar of German philosophy. Beck was Burbank Professor of Intellectual and Moral Philosophy at the University of Rochester and served as the Philosophy Department chair there from 1949 to 1966...

  • Lawrence C. Becker
    Lawrence C. Becker
    Lawrence C. Becker is an American philosopher working mainly in the areas of ethics and social, political, and legal philosophy. He is the author of books and journal articles on stoicism, reciprocity, property rights, justice, and metaethics. He was an associate editor of the journal Ethics from...

  • Hugo Adam Bedau
    Hugo Adam Bedau
    Hugo Adam Bedau is the Austin B. Fletcher Professor of Philosophy, Emeritus, at Tufts University, and is best known for his work on capital punishment...

  • Nuel Belnap
    Nuel Belnap
    Nuel D. Belnap, Jr. is an American logician and philosopher who has made many important contributions to the philosophy of logic, temporal logic, and structural proof theory. He has taught at the University of Pittsburgh since 1961; before that he was at Yale University. His best known work is...

  • Paul Benacerraf
    Paul Benacerraf
    Paul Joseph Salomon Benacerraf is an American philosopher working in the field of the philosophy of mathematics who has been teaching at Princeton University since he joined the faculty in 1960. He was appointed Stuart Professor of Philosophy in 1974, and recently retired as the James S....

  • Gustav Bergmann
    Gustav Bergmann
    Gustav Bergmann was a philosopher born in Vienna, Austria. He studied at the University of Vienna and was a member of the Vienna Circle. In the United States, he was a professor of philosophy and psychology at the University of Iowa.- Biography :Bergmann earned his Ph.D. in mathematics at the...

  • Marshall Berman
    Marshall Berman
    Marshall Berman is an American philosopher and Marxist Humanist writer. He is currently Distinguished Professor of Political Science at The City College of New York and at the Graduate Center of the City University of New York, teaching Political Philosophy and Urbanism.-Biography:An alumnus of...

  • Andrew Bernstein
    Andrew Bernstein
    Andrew Bernstein is a proponent of Ayn Rand's "Objectivism", an author, and a professor of philosophy.Bernstein holds a PhD in philosophy and is the author of The Capitalist Manifesto: The Historic, Economic, and Philosophic Case for Laissez-Faire, Capitalism Unbound: The Incontestable Case for...

  • Richard J. Bernstein
    Richard J. Bernstein
    Richard J. Bernstein is an American philosopher, the Vera List Professor of Philosophy and former dean of the graduate faculty at The New School....

  • Marcus Berquist
    Marcus Berquist
    Marcus Berquist one of the founders of Thomas Aquinas College, a professor, and an expert on the writings of St. Thomas Aquinas....

  • Steven Best
    Steven Best
    Steven Best is an American animal rights activist, author, talk-show host, and associate professor of philosophy at the University of Texas at El Paso...

  • Cristina Bicchieri
    Cristina Bicchieri
    Cristina Bicchieri is the S.J.P. Harvie Professor of Social Thought and Comparative Ethics in the Philosophy Department at the University of Pennsylvania, and director of the Philosophy, Politics and Economics program. She is also a Professor in the Legal Sudies department of the Wharton School,...

  • Harry Binswanger
    Harry Binswanger
    Harry Binswanger is an American philosopher and writer. He is an Objectivist and was a long-time associate of Ayn Rand, working with her on The Ayn Rand Lexicon. His doctoral dissertation, in the philosophy of biology, presented a new theory of the goal-directedness of living action, in opposition...

  • Max Black
    Max Black
    Max Black was a British-American philosopher, who was a leading influential figure in analytic philosophy in the first half of the twentieth century. He made contributions to the philosophy of language, the philosophy of mathematics and science, and the philosophy of art, also publishing studies...

  • Brand Blanshard
    Brand Blanshard
    Percy Brand Blanshard was an American philosopher known primarily for his defense of reason. A powerful polemicist, by all accounts he comported himself with courtesy and grace in philosophical controversies and exemplified the "rational temper" he advocated.-Life:Brand Blanshard was born August...

  • Madame Blavatsky
    Madame Blavatsky
    Helena Petrovna Blavatsky , was a theosophist, writer and traveler. Between 1848 and 1875 Blavatsky had gone around the world three times. In 1875, Blavatsky together with Colonel H. S. Olcott established the Theosophical Society...

  • Ned Block
  • Benjamin Paul Blood
    Benjamin Paul Blood
    -Biography:He was born in Amsterdam, New York on November 21, 1832. His father, John Blood, was a prosperous landowner. Blood was known as an intelligent man but an unfocused one. He described himself: I was born here in Amsterdam...

  • Allan Bloom
    Allan Bloom
    Allan David Bloom was an American philosopher, classicist, and academic. He studied under David Grene, Leo Strauss, Richard McKeon and Alexandre Kojève. He subsequently taught at Cornell University, the University of Toronto, Yale University, École Normale Supérieure of Paris, and the University...

  • Albert Blumberg
    Albert Blumberg
    Dr. Albert E. Blumberg was an American philosopher and political activist. He was an official of the Communist Party for several years before joining the Democratic Party as a district leader.-Early life:...

  • George Boas
    George Boas
    George Boas was a Professor of Philosophy at Johns Hopkins University.He received his education at Brown University, obtaining both a BA and MA in Philosophy there, after which he studied...

  • Chris Bobonich
    Chris Bobonich
    Christopher Bobonich is an American philosopher and Professor of Philosophy at Stanford University.Bobonich was born on February 8, 1960. He completed his BA in Government at Harvard University in 1981...

  • David Bohm
    David Bohm
    David Joseph Bohm FRS was an American-born British quantum physicist who contributed to theoretical physics, philosophy, neuropsychology, and the Manhattan Project.-Youth and college:...

  • Laurence BonJour
    Laurence BonJour
    Laurence BonJour is an American philosopher and Professor of Philosophy at the University of Washington.-Life:He received his bachelor's degrees in Philosophy and Political Science from Macalester College and his doctorate in 1969 from Princeton University with a dissertation directed by Richard...

  • John Elof Boodin
    John Elof Boodin
    John Elof Boodin was a Swedish-born American philosopher and educator. He was the author of numerous books proposing a systematic interpretation of nature.-Background:...

  • George Boolos
    George Boolos
    George Stephen Boolos was a philosopher and a mathematical logician who taught at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology.- Life :...

  • Susan Bordo
    Susan Bordo
    Susan Bordo is a modern feminist philosopher known for her contributions to the field of contemporary cultural studies, particularly in the area of “body studies.”-Overview:...

  • Albert Borgmann
    Albert Borgmann
    Albert Borgmann is an American philosopher, specializing in the philosophy of technology. He was born in Freiburg, Germany, and is a professor of philosophy at the University of Montana.-Philosophy:...

  • Oets Kolk Bouwsma
    Oets Kolk Bouwsma
    Oets Kolk Bouwsma was an American philosopher born of Dutch-American parents in Muskegon, Michigan.-Education and early career:He was educated at Calvin College and at the University of Michigan. In his early years he was an advocate of idealism, but later found the work of G. E. Moore’s common...

  • Francis Bowen
    Francis Bowen
    Francis Bowen was an American philosopher, writer, and educationalist.-Biography:He was born in Charlestown, Massachusetts. He was educated at Mayhew School, Boston, Phillips Exeter Academy, and Harvard University, graduating from the latter in 1833...

  • Borden Parker Bowne
    Borden Parker Bowne
    Borden Parker Bowne was an American Christian philosopher and theologian in the Methodist tradition. In 1876 he became a professor of philosophy at Boston University, where he taught for more than thirty years. He later served as dean of the graduate school. Bowne was an acute critic of positivism...

  • Richard Boyd
    Richard Boyd
    Richard Newell Boyd is an American philosopher who has spent most of his career at Cornell University, though he also taught briefly at Harvard University, the University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, and the University of California, Berkeley...

  • Robert Brandom
  • Richard Brandt
    Richard Brandt
    Richard Booker Brandt was an American philosopher of the utilitarian tradition in moral philosophy. He taught at Swarthmore College before spending the bulk of his career at the University of Michigan, where he taught with Charles Stevenson and William K. Frankena and served as Chairman of the...

  • Daniel Brock
    Daniel Brock
    Dan Brock is an American philosopher and bioethicist. He is currently the Frances Glessner Lee Professor of Medical Ethics in the at Harvard Medical School, the Director of the at the Harvard Medical School, and the of the Harvard University...

  • Stephen Bronner
  • Baker Brownell
    Baker Brownell
    Baker Brownell was an American philosopher.Brownell was born in St. Charles, Illinois, the fifth of six children of Eugene A. and Esther Burr Baker Brownell. The future American philosopher grew up in St. Charles, Illinois, where he graduated from St...

  • Beatrice Bruteau
    Beatrice Bruteau
    Beatrice Bruteau is an American philosopher and author best known for her work in spiritual evolution.With a background in Vedanta, Catholicism, and the natural sciences, Bruteau has advanced a “global spirituality” in which social inequities are examined through a metaphysical lens with the intent...

  • William Lowe Bryan
    William Lowe Bryan
    William Lowe Bryan was the 10th president of Indiana University, serving from 1902 to 1937. Having been born near Bloomington, Bryan graduated from IU with degrees in ancient classics and philosophy. His interests shifted toward psychology and Bryan went on to earn his Ph.D. in psychology from...

  • Scott Buchanan
    Scott Buchanan
    Scott Milross Buchanan was an American philosopher, educator, and foundation consultant. He is best known as the founder of the Great Books program at St...

  • Jay Budziszewski
  • Thomas Buford
    Thomas Buford
    Thomas O. Buford holds the Louis G. Forgione Chair of Philosophy at Furman University and has been an adherent of the Boston Personalist branch of philosophy.-Academic career:Buford joined the faculty at Furman University in 1969...

  • Martin Bunzl
    Martin Bunzl
    Martin Bunzl is the director of the at the Eagleton Institute of Politics. He edited, with Anthony Appiah, Buying Freedom: The Ethics and Economics of Slave Redemption. His other books include Real History , and The Context of Explanation .Martin Bunzl received his PhD from the University of...

  • Nicholas C. Burbules
    Nicholas Burbules
    Nicholas C. Burbules is a Gutgsell Endowed Professor of Education Policy, Organization and Leadership and an affiliate of the Unit for Criticism and Interpretative Theory at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign...

  • Tyler Burge
    Tyler Burge
    Tyler Burge is a Professor of Philosophy at UCLA. He has made contributions to several areas of philosophy, including the philosophy of mind, epistemology, and the history of philosophy. In the history of philosophy, he has published articles on the philosophy of Gottlob Frege...

  • Donald Burt
    Donald Burt
    Donald X. Burt , O.S.A., Ph.D., is a member of the Augustinian Order. Recently retired as professor emeritus in philosophy at Villanova University, Father Burt has published twelve books and numerous articles on the thought of St...

  • Edwin Arthur Burtt
  • Panayot Butchvarov
    Panayot Butchvarov
    Panayot Butchvarov is Distinguished Professor Emeritus of Philosophy at the University of Iowa.-Career:...

  • Judith Butler
    Judith Butler
    Judith Butler is an American post-structuralist philosopher, who has contributed to the fields of feminism, queer theory, political philosophy, and ethics. She is a professor in the Rhetoric and Comparative Literature departments at the University of California, Berkeley.Butler received her Ph.D...

  • Charles Butterworth
    Charles Butterworth
    Charles Butterworth, Ph.D. is a noted philosopher of the Straussian school and currently a professor of political philosophy at the University of Maryland, College Park....


C

  • Mary Whiton Calkins
    Mary Whiton Calkins
    -Early life:Mary Whiton Calkins was born on March 30, 1863 in Hartford, Connecticut; she was the eldest of five children. She moved to Massachusetts in 1880 with her family to live for the rest of her life; this is also where she began her education. In 1882, Calkins entered into Smith College as...

  • J. Baird Callicott
    J. Baird Callicott
    J. Baird Callicott is an American philosopher whose work has been at the forefront of the new field of environmental philosophy and ethics. He is University Distinguished Research Professor and a member of the Department of Philosophy and Religion Studies and the Institute of Applied Sciences at...

  • Donald T. Campbell
    Donald T. Campbell
    Donald Thomas Campbell was an American social scientist. He is noted for his work in methodology. He coined the term "evolutionary epistemology" and developed a selectionist theory of human creativity.- Biography :...

  • John Caputo
  • Noël Carroll
    Noël Carroll
    Noël Carroll is an American philosopher considered to be one of the leading figures in contemporary philosophy of art. Although Professor Carroll is best known for his work in the philosophy of film, he works in general on philosophy of art, theory of media, and also philosophy of history...

  • Paul Carus
    Paul Carus
    Paul Carus, Ph.D. was a German-American author, editor, a student of comparative religion, and professor of philosophy.-Life and education:...

  • Stanley Cavell
    Stanley Cavell
    Stanley Louis Cavell is an American philosopher. He is the Walter M. Cabot Professor Emeritus of Aesthetics and the General Theory of Value at Harvard University.-Life:...

  • Edmond La Beaume Cherbonnier
    Edmond La Beaume Cherbonnier
    The Rev. Dr. Edmond La Beaume Cherbonnier is an American scholar in the field of religious studies, Professor of Religion, at Trinity College, and an Episcopal Church deacon...

  • James Childress
    James Childress
    James Franklin Childress is a philosopher and theologian mainly concerned with ethics, particularly biomedical ethics. Currently he is the John Allen Hollingsworth Professor of Ethics at the Department of Religious Studies at the University of Virginia. He is also Professor of Medical Education at...

  • Roderick Chisholm
    Roderick Chisholm
    Roderick M. Chisholm was an American philosopher known for his work on epistemology, metaphysics, free will, and the philosophy of perception. He received his Ph.D. at Harvard University under Clarence Irving Lewis and Donald C. Williams, and taught at Brown University...

  • Noam Chomsky
    Noam Chomsky
    Avram Noam Chomsky is an American linguist, philosopher, cognitive scientist, and activist. He is an Institute Professor and Professor in the Department of Linguistics & Philosophy at MIT, where he has worked for over 50 years. Chomsky has been described as the "father of modern linguistics" and...

  • Patricia Churchland
    Patricia Churchland
    Patricia Smith Churchland is a Canadian-American philosopher noted for her contributions to neurophilosophy and the philosophy of mind. She has been a Professor at the University of California, San Diego since 1984...

  • Paul Churchland
    Paul Churchland
    Paul Churchland is a philosopher noted for his studies in neurophilosophy and the philosophy of mind. He is currently a Professor at the University of California, San Diego, where he holds the Valtz Chair of Philosophy. Churchland holds a joint appointment with the Cognitive Science Faculty and...

  • Kenneth Clatterbaugh
    Kenneth Clatterbaugh
    Kenneth Clatterbaugh is an American philosopher. He is Chair of the department of Philosophy at the University of Washington. His interests are modern philosophy, social philosophy, and gender studies.He received his Ph.D. from Indiana University in 1967....

  • Roy A. Clouser
    Roy A. Clouser
    Roy A. Clouser is Professor Emeritus of the College of New Jersey. He has served as professor of philosophy and religion at the College since 1968....

  • Carl Cohen
    Carl Cohen
    Carl Cohen is Professor of Philosophy at the Residential College of the University of Michigan, in Ann Arbor, Michigan, USA. He is co-author of "The Animal Rights Debate" , a point-counterpoint volume with Prof...

  • Joshua Cohen
    Joshua Cohen (philosopher)
    Joshua Cohen is an American philosopher specializing in political philosophy. He is Marta Sutton Weeks Professor of Ethics in Society and professor of political science, philosophy, and law at Stanford University. At Stanford, Cohen is also program leader for the Program on Global Justice at the...

  • James F. Conant
    James F. Conant
    James Ferguson Conant is an American philosopher who has written extensively on topics in philosophy of language, ethics, and metaphilosophy. He is perhaps best known for his writings on Wittgenstein, and his association with the New Wittgenstein school of Wittgenstein interpretation. James Conant...

  • William E. Connolly
    William E. Connolly
    William E. Connolly is a political theorist known for his work on democracy and pluralism. He is the Krieger-Eisenhower Professor of Political Science at Johns Hopkins University. His 1974 work The Terms of Political Discourse won the 1999 Benjamin Lippincott Award.-Biography:Connolly was raised in...

  • Moncure D. Conway
  • Josephus Flavius Cook
    Josephus Flavius Cook
    Josephus Flavius Cook , commonly known as Joseph Cook, was an American philosophical lecturer, a descendant of Pilgrims who started his ascent to fame by way of Monday noon prayer meetings in Tremont Temple in Boston that for more than twenty years were among the city's greatest attractions...

  • David E. Cooper
    David E. Cooper
    David E. Cooper is Emeritus Professor of Philosophy at Durham University. He has published over one hundred and fifty articles across a broad range of philosophical subjects, especially the history of both Eastern and Western philosophy, environmental ethics, philosophy of language, aesthetics and...

  • Paul Copan
    Paul Copan
    Paul Copan is a Ukrainian-American Christian theologian, analytic philosopher, apologist, and author. He is currently a professor at the Palm Beach Atlantic University and holds the Pledger Family Endowed Chair of Philosophy and Ethics...

  • James A. Corbett
  • Robert S. Corrington
    Robert S. Corrington
    Robert S. Corrington is an American philosopher and author of several books exploring human interpretation of the universe as well as biographies on C.S. Peirce and Wilhelm Reich. He is currently employed as professor of philosophical theology at Drew University in Madison, New Jersey...

  • John Corvino
    John Corvino
    John Corvino is an American author, lecturer, and professor of philosophy at Wayne State University.-Early life and education:Corvino attended St. John's University in New York City, graduating with a bachelor of arts degree in 1990. He earned his PhD in philosophy at University of Texas at Austin...

  • William Craig
  • William Lane Craig
    William Lane Craig
    William Lane Craig is an American analytic philosopher, philosophical theologian, and Christian apologist. He is known for his work on the philosophy of time and the philosophy of religion, specifically the existence of God and the defense of Christian theism...

  • James Edwin Creighton
    James Edwin Creighton
    James Edwin Creighton , was an American philosopher who believed no system of thought can be the product of an isolated mind....

  • Joseph Cropsey
    Joseph Cropsey
    Joseph Cropsey is an American political philosopher and professor of political science at the University of Chicago, where he has also been associate director of the John M...

  • Steven Crowell
    Steven Crowell
    Steven Crowell is an American philosopher who has taught at Rice University since 1983 and is currently the department chair. Dr. Crowell earned his Ph.D. in Philosophy from Yale University in 1981...


D

  • Donald Davidson
    Donald Davidson (philosopher)
    Donald Herbert Davidson was an American philosopher born in Springfield, Massachusetts, who served as Slusser Professor of Philosophy at the University of California, Berkeley from 1981 to 2003 after having also held teaching appointments at Stanford University, Rockefeller University, Princeton...

  • Michael Davis
    Michael Davis (philosopher)
    Michael Davis is a philosopher of law, ethics, and political philosophy, author, and Professor of Philosophy at the Illinois Institute of Technology, and Senior Fellow at IIT's Center for the Study of Ethics in the Professions...

  • Alfred de Grazia
    Alfred de Grazia
    Alfred de Grazia, is a political scientist and author. He has defended the catastrophism thesis of Immanuel Velikovsky.-Education:De Grazia attended the University of Chicago, receiving an A.B...

  • Grace de Laguna
    Grace de Laguna
    Grace de Laguna was an American philosopher who taught at Bryn Mawr College in Pennsylvania.Grace Mead Andrus, as she was born, was of Connecticut ancestry, her father Wallace R. Andrus, having served in the 17th Connecticut Volunteers in the Civil War; he was later a land agent for the Northern...

  • Theodore de Laguna
    Theodore de Laguna
    Theodore de Laguna was an American philosopher who taught for years at Bryn Mawr College and was known as an early feminist.-Biography:He was the son of Alexandro Francisco Lopez de Leo de Laguna, a French-U.S...

  • Daniel Dennett
    Daniel Dennett
    Daniel Clement Dennett is an American philosopher, writer and cognitive scientist whose research centers on the philosophy of mind, philosophy of science and philosophy of biology, particularly as those fields relate to evolutionary biology and cognitive science. He is currently the Co-director of...

  • Christian de Quincey
    Christian de Quincey
    Christian de Quincey, Ph.D., is a philosopher and author who teaches consciousness, spirituality and cosmology at universities and colleges in the United States and Europe. He is also an international speaker on consciousness....

  • Keith DeRose
    Keith DeRose
    Keith DeRose is an American philosopher currently teaching at Yale University in New Haven, Connecticut. He is Allison Foundation Professor of Philosophy at Yale. DeRose has also overseen Dissertations at Rutgers University - New Brunswick, where he works with legendary epistemologists such as...

  • Jan Deutsch
    Jan Deutsch
    Jan G. Deutsch is an American philosopher and legal scholar best known for his work on the philosophy of corporate law, jurisprudence, and the cultural underpinnings of capitalist democracy...

  • John Dewey
    John Dewey
    John Dewey was an American philosopher, psychologist and educational reformer whose ideas have been influential in education and social reform. Dewey was an important early developer of the philosophy of pragmatism and one of the founders of functional psychology...

  • Cora Diamond
    Cora Diamond
    Cora Diamond is an American philosopher. She has worked on problems in analytic philosophy, the interpretation of Ludwig Wittgenstein, and moral philosophy. A moral vegetarian, she has also examined the rhetorical and philosophical nature of contemporary attitudes towards animal rights...

  • Donna Dickenson
    Donna Dickenson
    Donna L. Dickenson is an American philosopher who specializes in medical ethics. She is a fellow of the Ethox Centre in Oxford, Emeritus Professor of Medical Ethics and Humanities at the University of London, and honorary senior research fellow at the Centre for Ethics in Medicine at the...

  • Keith Donnellan
    Keith Donnellan
    Keith Donnellan is a contemporary philosopher and Professor Emeritus of the UCLA department of Philosophy. He has made important contributions to the philosophy of language, most notably to the analysis of proper names and definite descriptions...

  • Elliot N. Dorff
    Elliot N. Dorff
    Elliot N. Dorff is a Conservative rabbi. He is a professor of Jewish theology at the American Jewish University in California , author and a bio-ethicist....

  • Bob Doyle (inventor)
  • Theodore Drange
    Theodore Drange
    Theodore "Ted" Michael Drange is a philosopher of religion and Professor Emeritus at West Virginia University, where he taught philosophy from 1966 to 2001. He received a B.A. from Brooklyn College in 1955 and a Ph.D. from Cornell University in 1963...

  • Burton Dreben
    Burton Dreben
    Burton Spencer Dreben was an American philosopher specializing in mathematical logic. A Harvard graduate who taught at his alma mater for most of his career, he published little but was highly influential as a teacher and as a critic of the work of his colleagues .-The logician:Dreben was a rare...

  • Gary Drescher
    Gary Drescher
    Gary L. Drescher is a scientist in the field of artificial intelligence , author of the book Made-Up Minds: A Constructivist Approach to Artificial Intelligence....

  • Hubert Dreyfus
    Hubert Dreyfus
    Hubert Lederer Dreyfus is an American philosopher. He is a professor of philosophy at the University of California, Berkeley....

  • Raymond Duncan
    Raymond Duncan
    Raymond Duncan was an American dancer, artist, poet, craftsman, and philosopher, and brother of dancer Isadora Duncan.-Biography:...

  • Barrows Dunham
    Barrows Dunham
    Barrows Dunham, was an American author and professor of philosophy. Best known for popular works of philosophy such as Man against Myth and Heroes and Heretics , Dunham also gained notoriety as a martyr for academic freedom when he was fired from Temple University in 1953 after refusing to “name...

  • Will Durant
    Will Durant
    William James Durant was a prolific American writer, historian, and philosopher. He is best known for The Story of Civilization, 11 volumes written in collaboration with his wife Ariel Durant and published between 1935 and 1975...

  • Ronald Dworkin
    Ronald Dworkin
    Ronald Myles Dworkin, QC, FBA is an American philosopher and scholar of constitutional law. He is Frank Henry Sommer Professor of Law and Philosophy at New York University and Emeritus Professor of Jurisprudence at University College London, and has taught previously at Yale Law School and the...


E

  • William A. Earle
    William A. Earle
    -Secondary References: 217 pages. ISBN 0-88706-170-2 , ISBN 0-88706-171-0 * Jeffrey Gordon's recollection of William Earle.-Notes:...

  • John Earman
    John Earman
    John Earman is a philosopher of physics. He is currently an emeritus professor in the History and Philosophy of Science department at the University of Pittsburgh. He has also taught at UCLA, the Rockefeller University, and the University of Minnesota, and was president of the Philosophy of...

  • Frank Ebersole
    Frank Ebersole
    Frank B. Ebersole was an American philosopher who developed a unique form of ordinary language philosophy.-Biography:Frank B. Ebersole was born in Indiana. He majored in zoology at Heidelberg College...

  • John David Ebert
    John David Ebert
    John David Ebert is a cultural critic and philosopher who has made several contributions to the study of mythology and popular culture.- Twilight of the Clockwork God :...

  • James M. Edie
    James M. Edie
    James M. Edie was a twentieth century American philosopher.-Life and career:Edie was born in Grand Forks, North Dakota. He studied at Saint John’s University in Minnesota and at the Pontifical Athenaeum of St...

  • Paul Edwards
    Paul Edwards (philosopher)
    Paul Edwards, born Paul Eisenstein, was an Austrian American moral philosopher.-Life and career:Edwards was born in Vienna in 1923 to assimilated Jewish parents, the youngest of three brothers....

  • Jonathan Edwards
  • Albert Einstein
    Albert Einstein
    Albert Einstein was a German-born theoretical physicist who developed the theory of general relativity, effecting a revolution in physics. For this achievement, Einstein is often regarded as the father of modern physics and one of the most prolific intellects in human history...

  • Loren Eiseley
    Loren Eiseley
    Loren Eiseley was an American anthropologist, educator, philosopher, and natural science writer, who taught and published books from the 1950s through the 1970s. During this period he received more than 36 honorary degrees and was a fellow of many distinguished professional societies...

  • Catherine Elgin
    Catherine Elgin
    Catherine Elgin is a philosopher whose focus is the theory of knowledge and the philosophies of art and science. She holds a Ph.D. from Brandeis University and is currently a professor at Harvard University...

  • Marc H. Ellis
    Marc H. Ellis
    Marc H. Ellis is an American author, liberation theologian, and University Professor of Jewish Studies, Professor of History and Director of the Center for Jewish Studies at Baylor University.-Biography:...

  • Ralph Waldo Emerson
    Ralph Waldo Emerson
    Ralph Waldo Emerson was an American essayist, lecturer, and poet, who led the Transcendentalist movement of the mid-19th century...

  • Mylan Engel
    Mylan Engel
    Mylan Engel Jr. is an associate professor of philosophy at Northern Illinois University in DeKalb.-Biography:Born in Alabama and educated at Vanderbilt University and the University of Arizona, he was hired by Northern Illinois University in 1988...

  • H. Tristram Engelhardt, Jr.
    H. Tristram Engelhardt, Jr.
    Hugo Tristram Engelhardt, Jr. is an American philosopher, holding doctorates in both philosophy from the University of Texas at Austin and medicine from Tulane University. He is a professor of philosophy at Rice University, in Houston, Texas, specializing in the history and philosophy of medicine,...

  • Stephen L. Esquith
    Stephen L. Esquith
    Stephen L. Esquith is a philosophy professor and the Dean of the Residential College in the Arts and Humanities at Michigan State University. He earned his Ph.D. in political philosophy at Princeton University in 1979 and has taught courses at Michigan State University since 1980...

  • Rod L. Evans
    Rod L. Evans
    Dr. Rod L. Evans is an author, lecturer, and philosopher who writes and speaks on ethics, English usage, and practical political philosophy. He graduated from Old Dominion University, and earned his Ph.D. in Philosophy from the University of Virginia. He is Lecturer of Philosophy at Old Dominion...

  • Emmanuel Chukwudi Eze
    Emmanuel Chukwudi Eze
    Emmanuel Chukwudi Eze was a Nigerian-born American philosopher. Eze was a specialist in postcolonial philosophy. He wrote as well as edited influential postcolonial histories of philosophy in Africa, Europe, and the Americas...


F

  • Marvin Farber
    Marvin Farber
    Marvin Farber was an American philosopher. He was born in Buffalo, New York, and died in Minneapolis. Farber was Professor Emeritus at the University at Buffalo, and was Chairman of the Department of Philosophy there from 1937-1961. He founded the journal Philosophy and Phenomenological Research...

  • James E. Faulconer
    James E. Faulconer
    James E. Faulconer is an American philosopher, a Richard L. Evans Professor of Philosophy at Brigham Young University, and the former dean of Undergraduate Education and chair of the Philosophy Department at BYU....

  • Joel Feinberg
    Joel Feinberg
    Joel Feinberg was an American political and social philosopher. He is known for his work in the fields of ethics, action theory, philosophy of law, and political philosophy as well as individual rights and the authority of the state...

  • Fred Feldman
    Fred Feldman (Philosopher)
    Fred Feldman is an American philosopher who specializes in ethical theory.Fred Feldman received his PhD degree in philosophy from Brown University, where he studied under Roderick Chisholm. His doctoral dissertation concerned the metaphysics of identity...

  • Ernest Fenollosa
    Ernest Fenollosa
    Ernest Francisco Fenollosa was an American professor of philosophy and political economy at Tokyo Imperial University...

  • Hartry Field
    Hartry Field
    Hartry H. Field is a philosopher, the Silver Professor of Philosophy at New York University. He previously taught at the University of Southern California and The Graduate Center of the City University of New York. He earned his Ph.D...

  • Arthur Fine
    Arthur Fine
    Arthur Fine is an American philosopher of science teaching at the University of Washington . Before moving to UW he taught for many years at Northwestern University and, before that, at Cornell University and the University of Illinois at Chicago...

  • Kit Fine
    Kit Fine
    Kit Fine is Silver Professor of Philosophy and Mathematics at New York University. He previously taught for several years at UCLA...

  • Guy Finley
    Guy Finley
    Guy Finley is an American self-help writer, philosopher, and spiritual teacher, and former professional songwriter and musician.- Early life and career :...

  • John Martin Fischer
    John Martin Fischer
    John Martin Fischer is currently a distinguished professor of philosophy at the University of California Riverside. In June 2011, Professor Fischer was elected Vice-President of the Pacific Division of the American Philosophical Association...

  • John Fiske
  • Leonard M. Fleck
    Leonard M. Fleck
    Leonard M. Fleck is a philosophy professor and well known medical ethicist. He earned his Ph.D. from St. Louis University in 1975 and taught courses at St. Mary's College before going on to teach and at Michigan State University where he currently holds a dual appointment with the philosophy...

  • Ralph Tyler Flewelling
    Ralph Tyler Flewelling
    Ralph Tyler Flewelling was an American philosophy professor, born ar De Witt, Mich., and educated at the University of Michigan, Alma College . the Garrett Biblical Institute , and Boston University...

  • Jerry Fodor
    Jerry Fodor
    Jerry Alan Fodor is an American philosopher and cognitive scientist. He holds the position of State of New Jersey Professor of Philosophy at Rutgers University and is the author of many works in the fields of philosophy of mind and cognitive science, in which he has laid the groundwork for the...

  • William Fontaine
    William Fontaine
    William Thomas Valerio Fontaine was an American philosopher. Teaching at the University of Pennsylvania from 1947 to 1967, he was an American Professor of philosophy in the Ivy League.- Early life and career :Fontaine was born in Chester, Pennsylvania, an industrial town southwest of Philadelphia...

  • Charles Frankel
    Charles Frankel
    Charles Frankel was an American philosopher.Born in to a Jewish family in New York City, he was the son of Abraham Philip and Estelle Edith Frankel. He married Helen Beatrice Lehman on August 17, 1941. Together they had two children, Susan and Carl.Frankel was educated at Columbia, Charles...

  • William Frankena
    William Frankena
    William K. Frankena was an American moral philosopher. Frankena was a member of the University of Michigan's Department of Philosophy for 41 years and chair of the Department for 14 years...

  • Harry Frankfurt
    Harry Frankfurt
    Harry Gordon Frankfurt is an American philosopher. He is professor emeritus of philosophy at Princeton University and has previously taught at Yale University and Rockefeller University. He obtained his B.A. in 1949 and Ph.D. in 1954 from...

  • Betty Friedan
    Betty Friedan
    Betty Friedan was an American writer, activist, and feminist.A leading figure in the Women's Movement in the United States, her 1963 book The Feminine Mystique is often credited with sparking the "second wave" of American feminism in the twentieth century...

  • Erich Fromm
    Erich Fromm
    Erich Seligmann Fromm was a Jewish German-American social psychologist, psychoanalyst, sociologist, humanistic philosopher, and democratic socialist. He was associated with what became known as the Frankfurt School of critical theory.-Life:Erich Fromm was born on March 23, 1900, at Frankfurt am...

  • Marilyn Frye
    Marilyn Frye
    Marilyn Frye is a philosophy professor and feminist theorist. She earned her Ph.D. at Cornell University in 1969 and has taught feminist philosophy, metaphysics, and philosophy of language at Michigan State University since 1974...

  • Francis Fukuyama
    Francis Fukuyama
    Yoshihiro Francis Fukuyama is an American political scientist, political economist, and author. He is a Senior Fellow at the Center on Democracy, Development and the Rule of Law at Stanford. Before that he served as a professor and director of the International Development program at the School of...

  • Christopher Fynsk
    Christopher Fynsk
    Christopher Fynsk is Head of the School of Language and Literature at the University of Aberdeen, Director of the Centre for Modern Thought and Professor at European Graduate School in Saas-Fee, Switzerland. He is well known for his work relating the political and literary aspects of continental...


G

  • Shaun Gallagher
  • John David Garcia
    John David Garcia
    John David Garcia - founder of the Society for Evolutionary Ethics , taught an enlightened vision of ethics and human purpose via four books, dozens of articles, lectures, seminars and attempts to found schools based on his ideas...

  • David Gauthier
    David Gauthier
    David Gauthier is a Canadian-American philosopher best known for his neo-Hobbesian social contract theory of morality, as laid out in his book Morals by Agreement.-Biography:...

  • Michael Gelven
    Michael Gelven
    Michael Gelven, distinguished research professor of Philosophy at Northern Illinois University, is an author and well-known writer of commentary on Heidegger's Being and Time...

  • Eugene Gendlin
    Eugene Gendlin
    Eugene T. Gendlin is an American philosopher and psychotherapist who developed ways of thinking about and working with the implicit. Gendlin received his Ph.D. in philosophy from the University of Chicago where he also taught for many years...

  • Alexander George
    Alexander George (philosopher)
    Alexander George is a professor of philosophy at Amherst College. He received his B.A. in 1979 from Columbia College and his M.A. and Ph.D. from Harvard University in 1981 and 1986, respectively. He was also a junior research fellow at New College and Wolfson College, Oxford University. In 2001 he...

  • Emanuel Vogel Gerhart
    Emanuel Vogel Gerhart
    Emanuel Vogel Gerhart was an American minister of the German Reformed church.-Biography:...

  • Brie Gertler
    Brie Gertler
    Brie Gertler is a philosopher who works primarily on problems in the philosophy of mind. A mind-body dualist, she is presently a teaching associate professor at the University of Virginia. Her special interests include introspection, consciousness and mental content.Among Gertler's other fields...

  • Edmund Gettier
    Edmund Gettier
    Edmund L. Gettier III is an American philosopher and Professor Emeritus at the University of Massachusetts Amherst; he owes his reputation to a single three-page paper published in 1963 called "Is Justified True Belief Knowledge?"Gettier was educated at Cornell University, where his mentors...

  • Raymond Geuss
    Raymond Geuss
    Raymond Geuss , a Professor in the Faculty of Philosophy, University of Cambridge, is a political philosopher and scholar of 19th and 20th century European philosophy.-Life:...

  • Alan Gewirth
    Alan Gewirth
    Alan Gewirth was an American philosopher, a professor of philosophy at the University of Chicago, and author of Reason and Morality, , Human Rights: Essays on Justification and Applications , The Community of Rights , Self-Fulfillment , and numerous other writings in moral philosophy and political...

  • Allan Gibbard
    Allan Gibbard
    Allan Gibbard is the Richard B. Brandt Distinguished University Professor of Philosophy at the University of Michigan, Ann Arbor. Allan Gibbard has made several contributions to contemporary ethical theory, in particular metaethics...

  • Fred Gifford
    Fred Gifford
    Fred Gifford is a professor and the associate chair of the philosophy department at Michigan State University. He earned his Ph.D. at the University of Pittsburgh in 1984 and currently teaches courses on philosophy of technology, ethics and development, ethics and healthcare, and...

  • Neil Gillman
    Neil Gillman
    Neil Gillman is an American rabbi and philosopher, affiliated with Conservative Judaism.-Biography:Gillman was born in Quebec City, Canada. He graduated from McGill University in 1954. He was ordained as a rabbi at the Jewish Theological Seminary of America in 1960. He received his Ph.D...

  • René Girard
    René Girard
    René Girard is a French historian, literary critic, and philosopher of social science. His work belongs to the tradition of anthropological philosophy...

  • Sue Golding
    Sue Golding
    Sue Golding is a philosopher and artist. She is Professor of Philosophy in the Visual Arts & Communication Technologies at the University of Greenwich where she is also the Director of ICAS, the Institute for the Converging Arts & Sciences. Previously she was Head of Theory at the Jan Van Eyck...

  • Alvin Goldman
    Alvin Goldman
    Alvin Ira Goldman is an American professor of Philosophy at Rutgers University in New Jersey. He previously taught at the University of Michigan and at the University of Arizona. He earned his PhD from Princeton University and is married to Holly Smith, a well known ethicist, former...

  • Emma Goldman
    Emma Goldman
    Emma Goldman was an anarchist known for her political activism, writing and speeches. She played a pivotal role in the development of anarchist political philosophy in North America and Europe in the first half of the twentieth century....

  • Rebecca Goldstein
    Rebecca Goldstein
    Rebecca Goldstein is an American novelist and professor of philosophy. She has written five novels, a number of short stories and essays, and biographical studies of mathematician Kurt Gödel and philosopher Baruch Spinoza....

  • Nelson Goodman
    Nelson Goodman
    Henry Nelson Goodman was an American philosopher, known for his work on counterfactuals, mereology, the problem of induction, irrealism and aesthetics.-Career:...

  • Allan Gotthelf
    Allan Gotthelf
    Allan Gotthelf is an American philosopher, and a recognized authority on the philosophies of both Aristotle and Ayn Rand.-Academic career:...

  • Jorge J. E. Gracia
    Jorge J. E. Gracia
    Jorge J.E. Gracia is the Samuel P. Capen Chair, SUNY Distinguished Professor in the Department of Philosophy and Department of Comparative Literature in the State University of New York at Buffalo. Gracia was educated in Cuba, Canada and the United States and received his Ph.D...

  • Kersey Graves
    Kersey Graves
    Kersey Graves was a skeptic, atheist, spiritualist, Nontheist Friend, reformist and writer.-Life:Kersey Graves was born in Brownsville, Pennsylvania on 21 November 1813.. His parents were Quakers, and as a young man he followed them in their observance, and then later moved to the Hicksite wing...

  • Maxine Greene
    Maxine Greene
    Maxine Greene is an American educational philosopher, author, social activist, and teacher.-Career:American educational philosopher, author, social activist and teacher who values experiential learning in its "entirety", Maxine Greene has influenced thousands of educators to bring the vitality of...

  • Marjorie Grene
    Marjorie Grene
    Marjorie Glicksman Grene was an American philosopher.She wrote both on existentialism and the philosophy of science, especially the philosophy of biology. She taught at the University of California at Davis from 1965 to 1978. From 1988 until her death she was Honorary University Distinguished...

  • David Ray Griffin
    David Ray Griffin
    David Ray Griffin is a retired American professor of philosophy of religion and theology. Along with John B. Cobb, Jr., he founded the Center for Process Studies in 1973, a research center of Claremont School of Theology which seeks to promote the common good by means of the relational approach...

  • Robert Grudin
    Robert Grudin
    Robert Grudin is an American writer and philosopher.-Life:Grudin graduated from Harvard, and earned a Ph.D. in comparative literature from the University of California, Berkeley in 1969. He received a Guggenheim Fellowship for 1992-1993. Until 1998 he was a professor of English at the University...

  • Paul Guyer
    Paul Guyer
    Paul Guyer, a Professor of Philosophy and F.R.C. Murray Professor in the Humanities at the University of Pennsylvania, is one of the world's foremost scholars of Kant. Guyer also serves on the Graduate Groups for both Germanic Languages and Literatures and Comparative Literature...


H

  • Garry L. Hagberg
    Garry L. Hagberg
    Garry L. Hagberg is an author, professor, philosopher, and jazz musician. He currently holds a chair in philosophy at the University of East Anglia....

  • Manly Palmer Hall
    Manly Palmer Hall
    Manly Palmer Hall was a Canadian-born author and mystic. He is perhaps most famous for his 1928 work The Secret Teachings of All Ages.-Early years:...

  • Philip Hallie
    Philip Hallie
    Philip Paul Hallie was an author, philosopher and professor at Wesleyan University for 32 years. During World War II he served in the US Army...

  • Jean Elizabeth Hampton
    Jean Elizabeth Hampton
    Jean Elizabeth Hampton was an American political philosopher. Author of Hobbes and the Social Contract Tradition, Political Philosophy, The Authority of Reason, The Intrinsic Worth of Persons and, with Jeffrie G Murphy, Forgiveness and Mercy.- Main Theory :She subscribed to the Moral Education...

  • Norwood Russell Hanson
    Norwood Russell Hanson
    Norwood Russell Hanson was a philosopher of science. Hanson was a pioneer in advancing the argument that observation is theory-laden – that observation language and theory language are deeply interwoven – and that historical and contemporary comprehension are similarly deeply interwoven...

  • Sandra Harding
    Sandra Harding
    Sandra G. Harding is an American philosopher of feminist and postcolonial theory, epistemology, research methodology and philosophy of science.She has contributed to standpoint theory and to the multicultural study of science...

  • John E. Hare
    John E. Hare
    John Edmund Hare is a British classicist, philosopher, ethicist, and currently Noah Porter Professor of Philosophical Theology at Yale Divinity School....

  • Gilbert Harman
    Gilbert Harman
    Gilbert Harman is a contemporary American philosopher, teaching at Princeton University, who has published widely in linguistics, semantics, cognitive science, philosophy of mind, ethics, moral psychology, epistemology, statistical learning theory, and metaphysics. He and George Miller...

  • Errol Harris
    Errol Harris
    Errol Eustace Harris was a contemporary South African philosopher. His work focused on developing a systematic and coherent account of the logic, metaphysics, and epistemology implicit in contemporary understanding of the world...

  • Leonard Harris
    Leonard Harris (Philosopher)
    Leonard Harris is a professor of Philosophy at Purdue University. He also serves as director of the Philosophy and Literature Ph.D. program at the university....

  • William Torrey Harris
    William Torrey Harris
    William Torrey Harris was an American educator, philosopher, and lexicographer.-Early life and career:Born in North Killingly, Connecticut, he attended Phillips Andover Academy, Andover, Massachusetts. He completed two years at Yale, then moved west and taught school in St...

  • Sally Haslanger
    Sally Haslanger
    Sally Haslanger is a professor of philosophy in the Department of Linguistics and Philosophy at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Since 2009, she has also served as Director of the Women's and Gender Studies program. She has published in metaphysics, epistemology, feminist theory, ancient...

  • Robert S. Hartman
    Robert S. Hartman
    Robert Schirokauer Hartman was a logician and philosopher. His primary field of study was scientific axiology and he is known as its original theorist...

  • Charles Hartshorne
    Charles Hartshorne
    Charles Hartshorne was a prominent American philosopher who concentrated primarily on the philosophy of religion and metaphysics. He developed the neoclassical idea of God and produced a modal proof of the existence of God that was a development of St. Anselm's Ontological Argument...

  • Donald West Harward
    Donald West Harward
    Donald West Harward is a philosopher and served as the sixth president of Bates College in Lewiston, Maine from 1989 to 2002.Harward received his B.A. in mathematics from Maryville College, then his M.A. from American University, and Ph.D. in philosophy from the University of Maryland...

  • Sterling Harwood
    Sterling Harwood
    Sterling Voss Harwood is an American professor, lecturer, author and attorney based in San Jose, California. His law practice primarily concerns family law, real estate law, personal injury cases, criminal law, and debtor/creditor/bankruptcy law.-Education:Prof. Harwood received his M.A. and Ph.D...

  • William Hasker
    William Hasker
    R. William Hasker is an American Christian philosopher and Distinguished Professor Emeritus of philosophy at Huntington University. For many years he was editor of the prestigious journal Faith and Philosophy. He has published many journal articles and books dealing with issues such as the...

  • John Haugeland
    John Haugeland
    John Haugeland was a professor of philosophy at the University of Chicago from 1999 until his death. He was chair of the philosophy department from 2004-2007. He spent at most of his career teaching at the University of Pittsburgh...

  • Spencer Heath
    Spencer Heath
    Spencer Heath was an American engineer, attorney, inventor, manufacturer, horticulturist, poet, philosopher of science and social thinker. An anarchist and a dissenter from Georgist economic views, he pioneered the theory of proprietary governance and community in his book Citadel, Market and Altar...

  • Todd Hedrick
    Todd Hedrick
    Todd Hedrick is a professor and social/political philosopher. He earned his Ph.D. at Northwestern University in 2006 and currently teaches courses on philosophy of law, critical social theory, political philosophy, and 19th and 20th century European philosophy at Michigan State...

  • Laurens Perseus Hickok
    Laurens Perseus Hickok
    Laurens Perseus Hickok , American philosopher and divine, was born at Bethel, Connecticut.He took his degree at Union College in 1820...

  • Stephen Hicks
    Stephen Hicks
    Stephen Ronald Craig Hicks is professor of philosophy at Rockford College, where he is also Executive Director of the Center for Ethics and Entrepreneurship.-Biography:...

  • Kathleen Higgins
    Kathleen Higgins
    Kathleen Marie Higgins is Professor of Philosophy at The University of Texas at Austin where she has been teaching for over 20 years. She earned her B.A...

  • Marian Hillar
    Marian Hillar
    Marian Hillar M.D., Ph.D., is an American philosopher, theologian, linguist, and scientist. He is a recognized authority on Michael Servetus and the development and ideas of the Socinian movement in the 16th and 17th centuries...

  • William Hirstein
    William Hirstein
    William Hirstein is an American philosopher primarily interested in philosophy of mind, philosophy of language, metaphysics, cognitive science, and analytic philosophy. He is a professor of philosophy, director of the Cognitive Science Lab, and the current chair of the Philosophy Department at...

  • William Ernest Hocking
    William Ernest Hocking
    William Ernest Hocking was an American idealist philosopher at Harvard University. He continued the work of his philosophical teacher Josiah Royce in revising idealism to integrate and fit into empiricism, naturalism and pragmatism...

  • Eric Hoffer
    Eric Hoffer
    Eric Hoffer was an American social writer. He was the author of ten books and was awarded the Presidential Medal of Freedom in February 1983...

  • Joshua Hoffman
    Joshua Hoffman
    Dr. Joshua Hoffman is a tenured American author and philosopher at the University of North Carolina at Greensboro. Dr. Hoffman's primary contributions to the fields of philosophy and rational theology include a number of written works exploring the history of philosophy, metaphysics, and the divine...

  • Douglas Hofstadter
    Douglas Hofstadter
    Douglas Richard Hofstadter is an American academic whose research focuses on consciousness, analogy-making, artistic creation, literary translation, and discovery in mathematics and physics...

  • Arthur F. Holmes
    Arthur F. Holmes
    Arthur F. Holmes was Professor of Philosophy at Wheaton College, Illinois . Before his retirement in 1994, he served as Chairman of Wheaton's Department of Philosophy. Since his retirement, he has held the title of Professor Emeritus...

  • Gerald Holton
    Gerald Holton
    Gerald Holton is Mallinckrodt Research Professor of Physics and Research Professor of the History of Science, Emeritus, at Harvard University.Born 1922 in Berlin, he grew up in Vienna before emigrating in 1938...

  • Sidney Hook
    Sidney Hook
    Sidney Hook was an American pragmatic philosopher known for his contributions to public debates.A student of John Dewey, Hook continued to examine the philosophy of history, of education, politics, and of ethics. After embracing Marxism in his youth, Hook was known for his criticisms of...

  • John Hospers
    John Hospers
    John Hospers was an American philosopher. In 1972 he was the first presidential candidate of the Libertarian Party, and the only minor party candidate to receive an electoral vote in the 1972 U.S. Presidential election....

  • Vernon Howard
    Vernon Howard
    Vernon Linwood Howard was an American spiritual teacher, author, and philosopher.- Career as writer and teacher :...

  • George Holmes Howison
    George Holmes Howison
    George Holmes Howison was an American philosopher who established the philosophy department at the University of California, Berkeley and held the position there of Mills Professor of Intellectual and Moral Philosophy and Civil Polity. He also founded the Philosophical Union, one of the oldest...

  • Elbert Hubbard
    Elbert Hubbard
    Elbert Green Hubbard was an American writer, publisher, artist, and philosopher. Raised in Hudson, Illinois, he met early success as a traveling salesman with the Larkin soap company. Today Hubbard is mostly known as the founder of the Roycroft artisan community in East Aurora, New York, an...

  • David Hull
    David Hull
    David Lee Hull was a philosopher with a particular interest in the philosophy of biology. In addition to his academic prominence, he was well-known as a gay man who fought for the rights of other gay and lesbian philosophers....


J

  • Henry James, Sr.
  • William James
    William James
    William James was a pioneering American psychologist and philosopher who was trained as a physician. He wrote influential books on the young science of psychology, educational psychology, psychology of religious experience and mysticism, and on the philosophy of pragmatism...

  • Fredric Jameson
    Fredric Jameson
    Fredric Jameson is an American literary critic and Marxist political theorist. He is best known for his analysis of contemporary cultural trends—he once described postmodernism as the spatialization of culture under the pressure of organized capitalism...

  • Martin Jay
    Martin Jay
    Martin Jay is the Sidney Hellman Ehrman Professor of History at the University of California, Berkeley. He is a renowned Intellectual Historian and his research interests have been groundbreaking in connecting history with other academic and intellectual activities, such as the Critical Theory of...

  • Thomas Jefferson
    Thomas Jefferson
    Thomas Jefferson was the principal author of the United States Declaration of Independence and the Statute of Virginia for Religious Freedom , the third President of the United States and founder of the University of Virginia...

  • Alexander Bryan Johnson
    Alexander Bryan Johnson
    Alexander Bryan Johnson was an American philosopher and banker.-Biography:Born in Gosport, Hampshire, England, at age 16 he emigrated to the United States, and settled at Utica, where he was a banker for many years...

  • David Alan Johnson
  • Mark Johnson
  • Rufus Jones
  • Edward Jones-Imhotep
    Edward Jones-Imhotep
    Edward Jones-Imhotep is a historian of science, academic and currently an assistant professor at York University. He received a B.A. in International Studies from Glendon College in 1995 and a Ph.D. from Harvard in 2001. He was a recipient of the Mellon Fellowship from the Andrew W...


K

  • Shelly Kagan
    Shelly Kagan
    Shelly Kagan is the Clark Professor of Philosophy at Yale University and the former Henry R. Luce Professor of Social Thought and Ethics. Originally a native of Skokie, Illinois, he received his B.A. from Wesleyan University and his Ph.D. from Princeton University under the supervision of Thomas...

  • Horace Kallen
    Horace Kallen
    -Biography:Born in the then German Bernstadt, Silesia to Jacob David Kallen and Esther Rebecca , an Orthodox rabbi and his wife, Kallen came to the United States as a child in 1887. He studied philosophy at Harvard University where he was a student of George Santayana, earning his B.A. in 1903...

  • Frances Kamm
    Frances Kamm
    Frances M. Kamm is a philosopher specialising in normative and applied ethics. Kamm is currently the Littauer Professor of Philosophy and Public Policy at the John F. Kennedy School of Government at Harvard University and Professor of Philosophy in the Faculty of Arts & Sciences at Harvard...

  • Robert Kane
    Robert Kane (philosopher)
    Robert Hilary Kane is an American philosopher. He is Distinguished Teaching Professor of Philosophy at the University of Texas at Austin, and is currently on phased retirement....

  • Abraham Kaplan
    Abraham Kaplan
    Abraham Kaplan was an American philosopher, known best for being the first philosopher to systematically examine the behavioral sciences in his book "The Conduct of Inquiry" . His thinking was influenced by pragmatists Charles Sanders Peirce, William James, and John Dewey.-Biography:Kaplan's...

  • David Kaplan
    David Kaplan (philosopher)
    David Benjamin Kaplan is an American philosopher and logician teaching at UCLA. His philosophical work focuses on logic, philosophical logic, modality, philosophy of language, metaphysics, and epistemology. He is best known for his work on demonstratives, on propositions, and on reference in...

  • Mordecai Kaplan
    Mordecai Kaplan
    Mordecai Menahem Kaplan , was a rabbi, essayist and Jewish educator and the co-founder of Reconstructionist Judaism along with his son-in-law Ira Eisenstein.-Life and work:...

  • Jerrold Katz
    Jerrold Katz
    Jerrold J. Katz was an American philosopher and linguist.After receiving a PhD in philosophy from Princeton University in 1960, Katz became a Research Associate in Linguistics at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology in 1961. He was appointed Assistant Professor of Philosophy there in 1963,...

  • Peter Kaufmann
  • Walter Kaufmann
  • R.P. Kaushik
    R.P. Kaushik
    R.P. Kaushik was a philosopher best known for his book Towards a New Consciousness, a classic of the American spiritual renaissance of the 1960s and 70s....

  • Sam Keen
    Sam Keen
    Sam Keen is a noted American author, professor and philosopher who is best known for his exploration of questions regarding love, life, religion, and being a man in contemporary society...

  • David Kelley
    David Kelley
    David Kelley is an American philosopher, author, and advocate of Objectivism. He is founder and senior fellow of The Atlas Society. He lives in Washington, D.C..-Education and career:...

  • Cassius Jackson Keyser
    Cassius Jackson Keyser
    Cassius Jackson Keyser was an American mathematician of pronounced philosophical inclinations.-Life:...

  • Jaegwon Kim
    Jaegwon Kim
    Jaegwon Kim is a Korean American philosopher currently working at Brown University. He is best known for his work on mental causation and the mind-body problem. Key themes in his work include: a rejection of Cartesian metaphysics, the limitations of strict psychophysical identity, supervenience,...

  • Stanton Davis Kirkham
    Stanton Davis Kirkham
    Stanton Davis Kirkham was a naturalist, philosopher, ornithologist and author. Although widely travelled, he resided primarily in Canandaigua, Ontario County, New York. He was born in Nice, Alpes-Maritimes, France, the only child of Major Murray S...

  • Jacob Klein
    Jacob Klein (philosopher)
    Jacob Klein was a German-American philosopher and interpreter of Plato.-Biography:Klein was born in Liepāja, Latvia. He studied at Berlin and Marburg, where he received his Ph.D. in 1922. A student of Nicolai Hartmann, Martin Heidegger, and Edmund Husserl, he later taught at St. John's College in...

  • Peter D. Klein
    Peter D. Klein
    Peter David Klein is a professor of philosophy and chair of the department at Rutgers University, New Jersey. Peter Klein received a BA at Earlham College, and a PhD from Yale University...

  • Joshua Knobe
    Joshua Knobe
    Joshua Knobe is an experimental philosopher currently employed as an assistant professor in the Program in Cognitive Science and Department of Philosophy at Yale University. He was previously Assistant Professor of Philosophy at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. Knobe received his...

  • Ned Kock
    Ned Kock
    Ned Kock is best known for employing biological evolution ideas to the understanding of human behavior toward technologies, particularly information technologies. He developed media naturalness theory, an evolutionary communication media theory...

  • David Koepsell
    David Koepsell
    David R. Koepsell earned his PhD in Philosophy as well as his Law degree from the University of Buffalo where he studied with Barry Smith...

  • David Kolb
    David Kolb
    David Kolb is a well-known philosopher and the Charles A. Dana Professor Emeritus of Philosophy at Bates College in Maine.Kolb received a B.A. from Fordham University in 1963 and an M.A. in 1965. He later received a M.Phil. from Yale University in 1970 and a Ph. D. in 1972...

  • Hilary Kornblith
    Hilary Kornblith
    Hilary Kornblith is an American Professor of philosophy at the University of Massachusetts Amherst, USA, and one of contemporary epistemology's most prominent proponents of naturalized epistemology. Kornblith received his B.A. from SUNY Buffalo in 1975 and his PhD from Cornell University in 1980,...

  • Christine Korsgaard
    Christine Korsgaard
    Christine Marion Korsgaard is an American philosopher and academic whose main scholarly interests are in moral philosophy and its history; the relation of issues in moral philosophy to issues in metaphysics, the philosophy of mind, and the theory of personal identity; the theory of personal...

  • Michael Krausz
    Michael Krausz
    Michael Krausz is a Swiss-born American philosopher as well as an artist and orchestral conductor. His philosophical works focus on the theory of interpretation, theory of knowledge, philosophy of science, philosophy of history, and philosophy of art and music. Krausz is Milton C...

  • Peter Kreeft
    Peter Kreeft
    Peter John Kreeft, Ph.D., is a professor of philosophy at Boston College and The King's College, and author of numerous books as well as a popular writer on philosophy, Christian theology, and specifically Catholic apologetics. He also formulated together with Ronald K. Tacelli, SJ, "Twenty...

  • Werner Krieglstein
    Werner Krieglstein
    Werner Josef Krieglstein, Ph.D. , a Fulbright Scholar and University of Chicago fellow, is an award winning and internationally recognized scholar, director and actor. Krieglstein is the founder of a neo-Nietzschean philosophical school called Transcendental Perspectivism...

  • Saul Kripke
    Saul Kripke
    Saul Aaron Kripke is an American philosopher and logician. He is a professor emeritus at Princeton and teaches as a Distinguished Professor of Philosophy at the CUNY Graduate Center...

  • Mark Kuczewski
    Mark Kuczewski
    Mark Kuczewski, is an American philosopher and bioethicist who has been a key contributor to the New Professionalism movement in medicine and medical education. In general, interest in professionalism has been widespread in medicine probably owing to the increasing regulatory and economic pressures...

  • Thomas Samuel Kuhn
  • Paul Kurtz
    Paul Kurtz
    Paul Kurtz is a prominent American skeptic and secular humanist. He has been called "the father of secular humanism." He is Professor Emeritus of Philosophy at the State University of New York at Buffalo, having previously also taught at Vassar, Trinity, and Union colleges, and the New School for...


L

  • George Trumbull Ladd
    George Trumbull Ladd
    George Trumbull Ladd was an American philosopher, educator and psychologist.-Early life and ancestors:...

  • Grace de Laguna
    Grace de Laguna
    Grace de Laguna was an American philosopher who taught at Bryn Mawr College in Pennsylvania.Grace Mead Andrus, as she was born, was of Connecticut ancestry, her father Wallace R. Andrus, having served in the 17th Connecticut Volunteers in the Civil War; he was later a land agent for the Northern...

  • Corliss Lamont
    Corliss Lamont
    Corliss Lamont , was a socialist philosopher, and advocate of various left-wing and civil liberties causes. As a part of his political activities he was the Chairman of National Council of American-Soviet Friendship starting from early 1940s...

  • Mark Lance
    Mark Lance
    Mark Lance is a professor in the Philosophy Department and Justice and Peace Studies Program at Georgetown University. He earned his Ph.D. at the University of Pittsburgh under the direction of Robert Brandom and his main area of expertise is the philosophy of language, epistemology, philosophical...

  • Charles Lane
    Charles Lane (transcendentalist)
    Charles Lane was an English-American transcendentalist, abolitionist, and early voluntaryist. Along with Amos Bronson Alcott, he was one of the main founders of Fruitlands.-Fruitlands:...

  • Susanne Langer
    Susanne Langer
    Susanne Katherina Langer was an American philosopher of mind and of art who was influenced by Ernst Cassirer and Alfred North Whitehead. She was one of the first women to achieve an academic career in philosophy and the first to be popularly and professionally recognized as an American philosopher...

  • Jonathan Lear
    Jonathan Lear
    Jonathan Lear is the John U. Nef Distinguished Service Professor in the Committee on Social Thought and professor of philosophy at the University of Chicago.-Biography:...

  • Timothy Leary
    Timothy Leary
    Timothy Francis Leary was an American psychologist and writer, known for his advocacy of psychedelic drugs. During a time when drugs like LSD and psilocybin were legal, Leary conducted experiments at Harvard University under the Harvard Psilocybin Project, resulting in the Concord Prison...

  • Keith Lehrer
    Keith Lehrer
    Keith Lehrer is the Regent's Professor emeritus of Philosophy at the University of Arizona with an affiliation with the University of Miami in Florida. He previously taught at the University of Rochester....

  • Brian Leiter
    Brian Leiter
    Brian Leiter is an American philosopher and legal scholar who is currently John Wilson Professor of Law at the University of Chicago Law School, and founder and Director of Chicago's new Center for Law, Philosophy, and Human Values and the editor of the Philosophical Gourmet Report. He taught from...

  • James G. Lennox
    James G. Lennox
    James G. Lennox is a professor in the Department of History and Philosophy of Science at the University of Pittsburgh, with secondary appointments in the departments of Classics and Philosophy. He a leader in the study of Aristotelian science in light of his groundbreaking work on Aristotle's...

  • Isaac Levi
    Isaac Levi
    Isaac Levi is the John Dewey Professor of Philosophy Emeritus at Columbia University. Levi came onto the philosophic scene with his groundbreaking first book, Gambling with Truth. In the text Levi offers a decision theoretic reconstruction of epistemology with a close-eye towards the classical...

  • Michael Levin
    Michael Levin
    Michael Levin is a philosophy professor at City University of New York. He has published on metaphysics, epistemology, race, homosexuality, animal rights, the philosophy of archaeology, the philosophy of logic, philosophy of language, and the philosophy of science.Levin's central research interests...

  • Clarence Irving Lewis
    Clarence Irving Lewis
    Clarence Irving Lewis , usually cited as C. I. Lewis, was an American academic philosopher and the founder of conceptual pragmatism. First a noted logician, he later branched into epistemology, and during the last 20 years of his life, he wrote much on ethics.-Early years:Lewis was born in...

  • David Kellogg Lewis
    David Kellogg Lewis
    David Kellogg Lewis was an American philosopher. Lewis taught briefly at UCLA and then at Princeton from 1970 until his death. He is also closely associated with Australia, whose philosophical community he visited almost annually for more than thirty years...

  • Mark Lilla
    Mark Lilla
    Mark Lilla is an essayist and historian of ideas at Columbia University in New York City.A frequent contributor to the New York Review of Books, the New Republic, and the New York Times, he is best known for his books The Reckless Mind: Intellectuals in Politics and The Stillborn God: Religion,...

  • Hilde Lindemann
    Hilde Lindemann
    Hilde Lindemann is a philosophy professor and well known bioethicist currently teaching at Michigan State University. Lindemann earned her M.A. at the University of Georgia in theatre history and dramatic literature before going on to earn a Ph.D. in philosophy at Fordham University in 2000...

  • Alphonso Lingis
    Alphonso Lingis
    Alphonso Lingis is an American philosopher, writer and translator, currently Professor Emeritus of Philosophy at Pennsylvania State University...

  • Leonard Linsky
    Leonard Linsky
    Leonard Linsky is an American philosopher. He is an Emeritus Professor of the University of Chicago. He is known for work on the theory of reference, and also as a historian of early analytical philosophy....

  • Matthew Lipman
    Matthew Lipman
    Matthew Lipman is recognized as the founder of Philosophy for Children. His decision to bring philosophy to young people came from his experience as a professor at Columbia University, where he witnessed underdeveloped reasoning skills in his students...

  • Alfred Henry Lloyd
    Alfred Henry Lloyd
    -Life:Lloyd received both his B.A. and M.A. degrees from Harvard. He studied philosophy at Göttingen University in Berlin and Heidelberg University, before returning to Harvard for his Ph.D., which he received in 1893. Upon returning from Europe in 1891, Lloyd was recruited by John Dewey as an...

  • Elisabeth Lloyd
    Elisabeth Lloyd
    Elisabeth Anne Lloyd is a philosopher of biology. She currently holds the Arnold and Maxine Tanis Chair of History and Philosophy of Science and is also Professor of Biology, Adjunct Professor of Philosophy at Indiana University, Affiliated Faculty Scholar at the Kinsey Institute for Research in...

  • Alain LeRoy Locke
    Alain LeRoy Locke
    Alain LeRoy Locke was an American writer, philosopher, educator, and patron of the arts. He is best known for his writings on and about the Harlem Renaissance. He is regarded as the "Father of the Harlem Renaissance"...

  • John W. Loftus
    John W. Loftus
    John W. Loftus is an American author who writes about his conversion from ordained minister to atheist. His best known book is Why I Became an Atheist: A Former Preacher Rejects Christianity.-Education and career as a Christian:...

  • Loren Lomasky
    Loren Lomasky
    Loren Lomasky is an American philosopher, currently a Professor of Political philosophy, Policy and Law at the University of Virginia. Lomasky earned his PhD from the University of Connecticut, and has previously taught at Bowling Green State University in Ohio, the University of Minnesota in...

  • Max Freedom Long
    Max Freedom Long
    Max Freedom Long was an American teacher and New Thought philosopher.-Early career:Shortly after graduating from UCLA in 1917, Long moved to the island of Hawaii to teach in elementary schools. When he arrived, he claimed that some Native Hawaiians were practicing what he called magic...

  • Roderick Long
    Roderick Long
    Roderick Tracy Long is a professor of philosophy at Auburn University and libertarian anarchist blogger. He also serves as a senior scholar for the Ludwig von Mises Institute, an editor of the Journal of Ayn Rand Studies, director and president of the Molinari Institute, and an advisory panel...

  • Helen Longino
    Helen Longino
    Helen E. Longino is an American philosopher of science who has argued influentially for the significance of values and social interactions to scientific inquiry.-Career:...

  • William Lycan
    William Lycan
    William G. Lycan is a noted American philosopher teaching at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill,where he is the William Rand Kenan, Jr. Distinguished Professor. He won the Class of 2001 Outstanding Faculty Award and a Distinguished Teaching Award for Post-Baccalaureate Instruction in...

  • Helen Lynd
    Helen Lynd
    Helen Merrell Lynd was an American sociologist and social philosopher, and was the author of Shame and the Search for Identity and co-author of Middletown: A Study in Contemporary American Culture with husband Robert Staughton Lynd.The model of shame that Lynd advocated in the book is loosely...


M

  • James Madison
    James Madison
    James Madison, Jr. was an American statesman and political theorist. He was the fourth President of the United States and is hailed as the “Father of the Constitution” for being the primary author of the United States Constitution and at first an opponent of, and then a key author of the United...

  • Thomas A. McCarthy
    Thomas A. McCarthy
    Thomas McCarthy is John Shaffer Professor of Philosophy Emeritus at Northwestern University. Before joining Northwestern in 1985, he taught for four years at Munich University and for thirteen years at Boston University. After retiring from Northwestern in 2006, he served for three years as...

  • Janet McCracken
    Janet McCracken
    Janet McCracken was Provost and Dean of the Faculty at Lake Forest College until 2011. She is also a professor of philosophy, and has published a variety of works in that field, including Taste and the Household: The Domestic Aesthetic and Moral Reasoning and Thinking About Gender: A Historical...

  • Dwight Macdonald
    Dwight Macdonald
    Dwight Macdonald was an American writer, editor, film critic, social critic, philosopher, and political radical.-Early life and career:...

  • Alasdair MacIntyre
    Alasdair MacIntyre
    Alasdair Chalmers MacIntyre is a British philosopher primarily known for his contribution to moral and political philosophy but known also for his work in history of philosophy and theology...

  • Evander Bradley McGilvary
    Evander Bradley McGilvary
    Evander Bradley McGilvary, Ph.D. was an American philosophical scholar, born in Bangkok to American Presbyterian missionaries, the Rev. Daniel McGilvary and Mrs. Sophia McGilvary. He came to the United States to study, graduating from Davidson College in 1884 and from Princeton University in 1888...

  • Tibor R. Machan
    Tibor R. Machan
    Tibor Richard Machan, Ph.D. is a Hungarian-American philosopher. A professor emeritus in the department of philosophy at Auburn University, Machan holds the R. C...

  • Louis H. Mackey
    Louis H. Mackey
    Louis H. Mackey was a professor of philosophy at the University of Texas at Austin in the USA.-Early life:...

  • Leemon McHenry
    Leemon McHenry
    Leemon McHenry , is a bioethicist and a lecturer in philosophy at California State University, Northridge, in the United States. He has taught philosophy at the University of Edinburgh, Old Dominion University, Davidson College, Central Michigan University, Wittenberg University and Loyola...

  • Terence McKenna
    Terence McKenna
    Terence Kemp McKenna was an Irish-American philosopher, psychonaut, researcher, teacher, lecturer and writer on many subjects, such as human consciousness, language, psychedelic drugs, the evolution of civilizations, the origin and end of the universe, alchemy, and extraterrestrial beings.-Early...

  • Matthew W. McKeon
    Matthew W. McKeon
    Matthew W. McKeon is the chair of the philosophy department at Michigan State University and well known philosopher of logic. McKeon earned his Ph.D. in philosophy at The University of Connecticut in 1994...

  • Richard McKeon
    Richard McKeon
    Richard McKeon was an American philosopher.-Life, times, and influences:McKeon obtained his undergraduate degree from Columbia University in 1920, graduating at the early age of 20 despite serving briefly in the U.S. Navy during the First World War...

  • Ruth Macklin
    Ruth Macklin
    Ruth Macklin Philosopher and Professor of Bioethics.Ruth Macklin studied Philosophy at Cornell University then received Ph.D. in Philosophy from Case Western Reserve University. She is Professor of Bioethics at Albert Einstein College of Medicine of Yeshiva University in New York...

  • John H. McClendon
    John H. McClendon
    John H. McClendon is a Professor in the Department of Philosophy at Michigan State University. He holds a doctorate in philosophy from the University of Kansas and has taught at The State University of New York at Binghamton, Eastern Illinois University, University of Illinois Champaign/Urbana,...

  • Jeff McMahan
    Jeff McMahan (philosopher)
    Jeff McMahan is an American philosopher. McMahan took his first degree at the University of Oxford and his PhD at the University of Cambridge, and is currently professor of philosophy at Rutgers University. He has written extensively on normative and applied ethics...

  • William McNeill
    William McNeill (philosopher)
    - Career and work :McNeill was educated at the University of Essex, and he is now teaching Heidegger at DePaul University. He is a translator of the work of Martin Heidegger, about whom he has written two books. The Glance of the Eye closely examines the relation between Heidegger's thought and...

  • Robert Magliola
    Robert Magliola
    Roberto Rino Magliola is an Italian-American academic specializing in European hermeneutics and deconstruction, in comparative philosophy, and in inter-religious dialogue...

  • Norman Malcolm
    Norman Malcolm
    Norman Malcolm was an American philosopher, born in Selden, Kansas. He studied philosophy with O.K. Bouwsma at the University of Nebraska, then enrolled as a graduate student at Harvard University in 1933....

  • Jesse Mann
    Jesse Mann
    Jesse Aloysius Mann is professor emeritus of philosophy at Georgetown University. He earned a Ph.D. at the Catholic University of America , and served as professor of philosophy and dean of the Edmund A. Walsh School of Foreign Service at Georgetown University. A faculty committee at the university...

  • Ruth Barcan Marcus
    Ruth Barcan Marcus
    Ruth Barcan Marcus is the American philosopher and logician after whom the Barcan formula is named. She is a pioneering figure in the quantification of modal logic and the theory of direct reference...

  • Joseph Margolis
    Joseph Margolis
    Joseph Zalman Margolis is an American philosopher. A radical historicist, he has published many books critical of the central assumptions of Western philosophy, and has elaborated a robust form of relativism....

  • Erwin Marquit
    Erwin Marquit
    Erwin Marquit is an American physicist and Marxist philosopher. He is the principal founder of the Marxist Education Press and was editor of the Marxist studies journal Nature, Society, and Thought , making available works of Marxist scholarship, including contributions from European, African,...

  • Bill Martin
    Bill Martin (philosophy)
    Bill Martin is a professor of Philosophy at DePaul University is best known for his work on Derrida, Sartre, Marxist theory, Aesthetics, and his critiques of Richard Rorty. Martin has written a few books on the subject of Prog Rock and bands like Yes. He also considers himself a Maoist; however...

  • Donald A. Martin
    Donald A. Martin
    Donald A. Martin is a set theorist and philosopher of mathematics at UCLA, where he is a member of the faculty of mathematics and philosophy....

  • Michael Martin
    Michael Martin (philosopher)
    Michael L. Martin is an American philosopher and professor emeritus at Boston University. He obtained his PhD from Harvard University in 1962....

  • Richard Milton Martin
    Richard Milton Martin
    Richard Milton Martin was an American logician and analytic philosopher. In his Ph.D. thesis written under Frederic Fitch, Martin discovered virtual sets a bit before Quine, and was possibly the first non-Pole other than Joseph Henry Woodger to employ a mereological system...

  • Benson Mates
    Benson Mates
    Benson Mates was an American philosopher, noted for his work in logic, the history of philosophy, and skepticism. Mates studied philosophy and mathematics at the University of Oregon, Cornell University, and the University of California at Berkeley. Some of his teachers included J...

  • Gareth Matthews
    Gareth Matthews
    Gareth Matthews was a renowned American philosopher who specialized in ancient philosophy, and the philosophy of children.-Biography:...

  • George I. Mavrodes
    George I. Mavrodes
    George I. Mavrodes is Professor Emeritus of Philosophy at the University of Michigan and author of Belief in God: A Study in the Epistemology of Religion. Dr. George Mavrodes is emeritus professor of philosophy at the University of Michigan, Ann Arbor...

  • Todd May
    Todd May
    Todd May is a political philosopher notable for his role in developing, alongside Saul Newman and Lewis Call, the theory of post-structuralist anarchism. He is currently Class of 1941 Memorial Professor of Philosophy at Clemson University and contributes to CounterPunch...

  • Ernst W. Mayr
  • George Herbert Mead
    George Herbert Mead
    George Herbert Mead was an American philosopher, sociologist and psychologist, primarily affiliated with the University of Chicago, where he was one of several distinguished pragmatists. He is regarded as one of the founders of social psychology and the American sociological tradition in general.-...

  • Jack Meiland
    Jack Meiland
    Jack W. Meiland was an American philosopher and educator. As a philosopher, Meiland is best known for his analyses of relativism, particularly on cognitive relativism...

  • Alfred Mele
    Alfred Mele
    Alfred Remen Mele is an American philosopher. He has been the William H. and Lucyle T. Werkmeister Professor of Philosophy at Florida State University since 2000...

  • Stephen Menn
    Stephen Menn
    Dr. Stephen Menn, PhD. is Associate Professor of Philosophy at McGill University. He teaches ancient philosophy , medieval philosophy and the history and philosophy of mathematics...

  • Franklin Merrell-Wolff
    Franklin Merrell-Wolff
    Franklin Merrell-Wolff was an American mystical philosopher. After formal education in philosophy and mathematics at Stanford and Harvard, Wolff devoted himself to the goal of transcending the normal limits of human consciousness...

  • Leonard B. Meyer
    Leonard B. Meyer
    Leonard B. Meyer was a composer, author, and philosopher. He contributed major works in the fields of aesthetic theory in Music, and compositional analysis.-Career:...

  • Stephen C. Meyer
    Stephen C. Meyer
    Stephen C. Meyer is an American scholar, philosopher and advocate for intelligent design. He helped found the Center for Science and Culture of the Discovery Institute , which is the main organisation behind the intelligent design movement. Before joining the DI, Meyer was a professor at...

  • Sidney Edward Mezes
    Sidney Edward Mezes
    Sidney Edward Mezes was an American philosopher.-Biography:He was born in what is now the town of Belmont, California on September 23, 1863, to a Spanish-born father and Italian-born mother. He graduated in 1884 from the University of California in engineering and was a member of the Chi Phi...

  • John William Miller
    John William Miller
    John William Miller was an American philosopher in the idealist tradition. His work appears in six published volumes, including The Paradox of Cause and most recently The Task of Criticism...

  • Mitchell Miller
    Mitchell Miller
    Mitchell H. Miller, Jr. is a professor of Philosophy at Vassar College. The majority of his work concerns the late dialogues of Plato, but he has also written on Hesiod, Parmenides, and Hegel.-Career:...

  • Richard W. Miller
    Richard W. Miller
    Richard W. Miller is a political philosopher and professor at Cornell. He received his Ph.D. from Harvard in 1975. His dissertation, "Solipsism and Language in the Writings of Wittgenstein," was directed by Rogers Albritton and Hilary Putnam...

  • Elijah Millgram
    Elijah Millgram
    Elijah "Lije" Millgram is an American philosopher. He is E.E. Ericksen Professor of Philosophy at the University of Utah. His research specialties include practical reason and moral philosophy.Elijah Millgram received his Ph.D. from Harvard University in 1991...

  • Ruth Millikan
    Ruth Millikan
    Ruth Garrett Millikan is a well-known American philosopher of biology, psychology, and language. She was awarded the Jean Nicod Prize and gave the Jean Nicod Lectures in Paris in 2002....

  • Philip Mirowski
    Philip Mirowski
    Philip Mirowski is a historian and philosopher of economic thought at the University of Notre Dame. He received a PhD in Economics from the University of Michigan in 1979.-Career:...

  • Brian J. Mistler
    Brian J. Mistler
    -References:...

  • Carl Mitcham
    Carl Mitcham
    Carl Mitcham is a philosopher of technology. Born in 1941, Mitcham is currently Professor of Liberal Arts and International Studies at the Colorado School of Mines and a professor at the European Graduate School in Saas-Fee....

  • Sandra Mitchell
    Sandra Mitchell
    Sandra D. Mitchell is an American philosopher and historian of ideas and professor of the History and Philosophy of Science at the University of Pittsburgh...

  • Ann M. Mongoven
    Ann M. Mongoven
    Ann M. Mongoven is a philosophy professor and medical ethicist. She earned her Ph.D. in religious studies/ethics from the University of Virginia in 1996 and a M.P.H. from the Johns Hopkins University Bloomberg School of Public Health in 2006...

  • Richard Montague
    Richard Montague
    Richard Merett Montague was an American mathematician and philosopher.-Career:At the University of California, Berkeley, Montague earned an B.A. in Philosophy in 1950, an M.A. in Mathematics in 1953, and a Ph.D. in Philosophy 1957, the latter under the direction of the mathematician and logician...

  • William Pepperell Montague
    William Pepperell Montague
    William Pepperell Montague was a philosopher of the New Realist school. Montague stressed the difference between his philosophical peers as adherents of either "objective" and "critical realism"....

  • Ernest Addison Moody
    Ernest Addison Moody
    Ernest Addison Moody was a noted philosopher, medievalist, and logician as well as a musician and scientist. He served as professor of philosophy at University of California, Los Angeles , where he also served as department chair, and Columbia University. He has an in his name on the subject of...

  • Addison Webster Moore
    Addison Webster Moore
    Addison Webster Moore was a U.S. pragmatist philosopher. He was president of the Western Philosophical Association in 1911 and president of the American Philosophical Association in 1917....

  • Charles A. Moore
    Charles A. Moore
    Charles A. Moore was a professor of comparative philosophy at the University of Hawaii.-Biography:Born in Chicago, Illinois on March 11, 1901, Moore was educated at Yale University, where he received an A.B. in 1926 and a Ph.D. in 1932, then taught philosophy for three years...

  • Paul Elmer More
    Paul Elmer More
    Paul Elmer More was an American journalist, critic, essayist and Christian apologist.-Biography:More was educated at Washington University in St. Louis and Harvard University...

  • J. P. Moreland
    J. P. Moreland
    James Porter Moreland , better known as J. P. Moreland, is an American philosopher, theologian, and Christian apologist...

  • John Henry Morgan
    John Henry Morgan
    John Henry Morgan is the Karl Mannheim Professor of the History and Philosophy of Social Sciences at the Graduate Theological Foundation where he has also been President since 1982. Since 1998, he has been teaching in the international summer program of Oxford University where he was appointed to...

  • Sidney Morgenbesser
    Sidney Morgenbesser
    Sidney Morgenbesser was a Columbia University philosopher. Born in New York City, he undertook philosophical study at the City College of New York and rabbinical study at the Jewish Theological Seminary of America, then pursued graduate study in philosophy at the University of Pennsylvania, where...

  • Charles W. Morris
    Charles W. Morris
    Charles W. Morris was an American semiotician and philosopher.-Background:A son of Charles William and Laura Morris, Charles William Morris was born on May 23, 1901...

  • Thomas V. Morris
    Thomas V. Morris
    Thomas V. Morris, also known as Tom Morris is an American philosopher. He is a former Professor of Philosophy at the University of Notre Dame, Notre Dame, Indiana, founder of the Morris Institute of Human Values, and author of several books...

  • Paul Moser
    Paul Moser
    Paul K. Moser is an American analytic philosopher who writes on epistemology and the philosophy of religion. He is professor and chair of the Department of Philosophy at Loyola University Chicago and editor of American Philosophical Quarterly...

  • Athanasios Moulakis
    Athanasios Moulakis
    Athanasios Moulakis is the current Provost of the American University of Iraq - Sulaimani and a former Professor and Acting President and Chief Academic Officer, Professor of Government at the American University of Afghanistan.-Life:...

  • V. Y. Mudimbe
    V. Y. Mudimbe
    V.Y. Mudimbe is a philosopher, professor, and author of books and articles about African culture, poems, and novels. Mudimbe was a former assistant of Michel Foucault. He was born in the Belgian Congo, which became Zaire and is now the Democratic Republic of the Congo...


N

  • Thomas Nagel
    Thomas Nagel
    Thomas Nagel is an American philosopher, currently University Professor of Philosophy and Law at New York University, where he has taught since 1980. His main areas of philosophical interest are philosophy of mind, political philosophy and ethics...

  • Debra Nails
    Debra Nails
    Debra Nails is a philosophy professor and well known classics scholar currently teaching at Michigan State University. Nails earned her M.A. in philosophy and classical Greek from Louisiana State University before going on to earn a Ph.D. in philosophy at the University of the Witwatersrand,...

  • Louis Narens
    Louis Narens
    Louis Narens is Professor in the Department of Cognitive Sciences and the Department of Logic and the Philosophy of Science at the University of California, Irvine.He is one of the major exponents of measurement theory in mathematical psychology...

  • Jacob Needleman
    Jacob Needleman
    Jacob Needleman is an American philosopher. He is professor of philosophy at San Francisco State University.He has published many books, most of which draw from G. I. Gurdjieff....

  • John Neihardt
    John Neihardt
    Johnathan Gneisenau Neihardt was an American author of poetry and prose, an amateur historian and ethnographer, and a philosopher of the Great Plains...

  • James Lindemann Nelson
    James Lindemann Nelson
    James Nelson is a philosophy professor and bioethicist currently teaching at Michigan State University. Nelson earned his doctorate in philosophy at the State University of New York at Buffalo in 1980 and taught at the University of Tennessee at Knoxville and St. John's University before moving to...

  • Jay Newman
    Jay Newman
    Jay Newman was a philosopher and Professor at the University of Guelph in Guelph, Ontario.-Biography:Newman was born in Brooklyn, New York, the son of Lou Newman and his wife, Kitty. He received his B.A. from Brooklyn College in 1968 before acquiring his master's degree from Brown University in...

  • Shaun Nichols
    Shaun Nichols
    Shaun Nichols is employed as a professor in the Philosophy department at the University of Arizona. He received his PhD. in Philosophy from Rutgers in 1992 and his BA in Philosophy from Stanford. His early work was concerned primarily with questions in theory of mind...

  • Jeffrey Nielsen
    Jeffrey Nielsen
    Jeffrey Nielsen is founder of the Democracy House Project, and a published author. He is also a philosophy instructor at Westminster College, Salt Lake City; and Utah Valley University, Orem, Utah. But he is perhaps best known for being both a supporter of gay marriage and a practicing...

  • Richard Thomas Nolan
    Richard Thomas Nolan
    The Rev. Dr. Richard Thomas Nolan is a canon of Christ Church Episcopal Cathedral in Hartford, Connecticut and a former college professor of philosophy and religious studies...

  • Calvin Normore
    Calvin Normore
    Calvin Normore is a philosopher at McGill University in Montreal, Canada, where he holds the Macdonald Chair of Moral Philosophy since Fall 2008. He is also professor of Philosophy in the UCLA Department of Philosophy...

  • David L. Norton
    David L. Norton
    David Lloyd Norton was an American philosopher. He was born in St. Louis, Missouri, March 27, 1930, to Cecil V. Norton and Ruth Essick Norton. He was the brother of Douglas C. Norton of Norton's Fine Art in St...

  • Michael Novak
    Michael Novak
    Michael Novak is an American Catholic philosopher, journalist, novelist, and diplomat. The author of more than twenty-five books on the philosophy and theology of culture, Novak is most widely known for his book The Spirit of Democratic Capitalism...

  • Claude Nowell
    Claude Nowell
    Claude Rex Nowell, also known as Corky King, Corky Ra, and Summum Bonum Amon Ra , was the founder of Summum, a 501, philosophical and religious organization that practices a modern form of mummification which has become known worldwide.-Biography:Nowell was born in Salt Lake City, Utah, in the...

  • Robert Nozick
    Robert Nozick
    Robert Nozick was an American political philosopher, most prominent in the 1970s and 1980s. He was a professor at Harvard University. He is best known for his book Anarchy, State, and Utopia , a right-libertarian answer to John Rawls's A Theory of Justice...

  • Martha Nussbaum
    Martha Nussbaum
    Martha Nussbaum , is an American philosopher with a particular interest in ancient Greek and Roman philosophy, political philosophy and ethics....


P

  • Thomas Paine
    Thomas Paine
    Thomas "Tom" Paine was an English author, pamphleteer, radical, inventor, intellectual, revolutionary, and one of the Founding Fathers of the United States...

  • George Herbert Palmer
    George Herbert Palmer
    George Herbert Palmer was an American scholar and author, born in Boston. He attended Phillips Academy, Andover, and in 1864 he graduated at Harvard, to which he returned, after study at Tübingen, Germany, and at Andover Theological Seminary, to be tutor in Greek. He became Alford professor of...

  • Thomas Pangle
    Thomas Pangle
    Thomas Lee Pangle BA PhD FRSC is an American political scientist. He currently holds the Joe R. Long Chair in Democratic Studies in the Department of Government at the University of Texas at Austin and from 1979 to 2004 was University Professor in the Department of Political Science at the...

  • George Pappas
    George Pappas
    George Sotiros Pappas is a professor of philosophy at Ohio State University. Pappas specializes in epistemology, the history of early modern philosophy, philosophy of religion, and metaphysics...

  • James Leonard Park
    James Leonard Park
    James Leonard Park is an American author and existentialist philosopher from Minneapolis, Minnesota.-Career:His major work, entitled Our Existential Predicament: Loneliness, Depression, Anxiety, and Death, attempts to outline the existential malaise felt by many human beings...

  • Leonard Peikoff
    Leonard Peikoff
    Leonard S. Peikoff is a Canadian-American philosopher. He is an author, a leading advocate of Objectivism and the founder of the Ayn Rand Institute. A former professor of philosophy, he was designated by the novelist Ayn Rand as heir to her estate...

  • Charles Sanders Peirce
  • Gregory Pence
    Gregory Pence
    Gregory E. Pence is a professor in the department of Philosophy at the University of Alabama at Birmingham. He is an expert in the field of medical ethics who has written several books and has testified before the United States Congress and the California Senate about cloning and reproductive...

  • Stephen Pepper
    Stephen Pepper
    Stephen C. Pepper was an American philosopher.-References:*http://people.sunyit.edu/~harrell/Pepper/Index.htm*http://people.sunyit.edu/~harrell/Pepper/pep_efron.htm-External Links:...

  • Ralph Barton Perry
    Ralph Barton Perry
    Ralph Barton Perry was an American philosopher.-Career:...

  • Adrian Piper
    Adrian Piper
    Adrian Margaret Smith Piper is a first-generation conceptual artist and analytic philosopher who was born in New York City and lived for many years on Cape Cod, Massachusetts before emigrating from the United States...

  • Robert B. Pippin
    Robert B. Pippin
    Robert B. Pippin is an American philosopher. He is the Evelyn Stefansson Nef Distinguished Service Professor in the John U. Nef Committee on Social Thought, the Department of Philosophy, and the College at the University of Chicago....

  • Robert M. Pirsig
    Robert M. Pirsig
    Robert Maynard Pirsig is an American writer and philosopher, and author of the philosophical novels Zen and the Art of Motorcycle Maintenance: An Inquiry into Values and Lila: An Inquiry into Morals .-Background:...

  • Walter B. Pitkin
    Walter B. Pitkin
    Walter Boughton Pitkin was an American lecturer in philosophy and psychology at Columbia University , and professor in the Columbia University School of Journalism...

  • Alvin Plantinga
    Alvin Plantinga
    Alvin Carl Plantinga is an American analytic philosopher and the emeritus John A. O'Brien Professor of Philosophy at the University of Notre Dame. He is known for his work in philosophy of religion, epistemology, metaphysics, and Christian apologetics...

  • Richard Popkin
    Richard Popkin
    Richard H. Popkin was an academic philosopher who specialized in the history of enlightenment philosophy and early modern anti-dogmatism. His 1960 work The History of Scepticism from Erasmus to Descartes introduced previously unrecognised influence on Western thought in the seventeenth century,...

  • Richard Posner
    Richard Posner
    Richard Allen Posner is an American jurist, legal theorist, and economist who is currently a judge on the United States Court of Appeals for the Seventh Circuit in Chicago and a Senior Lecturer at the University of Chicago Law School...

  • Robert M. Price
    Robert M. Price
    Robert McNair Price is an American theologian and writer. He teaches philosophy and religion at the Johnnie Colemon Theological Seminary, is professor of biblical criticism at the Center for Inquiry Institute, and the author of a number of books on theology and the historicity of Jesus, including...

  • Harry Prosch
    Harry Prosch
    Harry Prosch was an American philosopher born in Logansport, Indiana.-Life:Prosch, the son of a grocer, was told he was ineligible to enter college because he had not studied Latin. He was placed in the Industrial Arts program from which he graduated in 1935 and became an apprentice pattern-maker...

  • Hilary Putnam
    Hilary Putnam
    Hilary Whitehall Putnam is an American philosopher, mathematician and computer scientist, who has been a central figure in analytic philosophy since the 1960s, especially in philosophy of mind, philosophy of language, philosophy of mathematics, and philosophy of science...


R

  • James Rachels
    James Rachels
    James Rachels was an American philosopher who specialized in ethics.-Biography:Rachels was born in Columbus, Georgia, and graduated from Mercer University in 1962. He received his Ph.D. in 1967 from the University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, studying under Professors W. D. Falk and E. M. Adams...

  • Ayn Rand
    Ayn Rand
    Ayn Rand was a Russian-American novelist, philosopher, playwright, and screenwriter. She is known for her two best-selling novels The Fountainhead and Atlas Shrugged and for developing a philosophical system she called Objectivism....

  • John Herman Randall, Jr.
    John Herman Randall, Jr.
    John Herman Randall Jr. was an American philosopher, New Thought author, and educator.-Life:Born in Grand Rapids, Michigan as the son of a Baptist minister, he graduated from Morris High School in New York City and obtained his A.B. from Columbia University in 1918. He obtained an A.M...

  • Robert Bruce Raup
    Robert Bruce Raup
    Robert Bruce Raup , was a Professor in the Philosophy of Education, Teachers College, Columbia University. He was a well-known writer in the 1930s, whose writings were influenced by his own teacher and mentor, the American philosopher John Dewey...

  • Jerome Ravetz
    Jerome Ravetz
    Jerome Ravetz is an environmental consultant and academic.He has written on the philosophy of science. He is best known for his books challenging the assumptions of scientific objectivity, discussing the science wars and post-normal science...

  • Heidi Ravven
    Heidi Ravven
    Heidi Ravven is Professor of Religious Studies at Hamilton College. She specializes in ethics and philosophy and the intersection between neuroscience and emotions.-Biography:...

  • John Rawls
    John Rawls
    John Bordley Rawls was an American philosopher and a leading figure in moral and political philosophy. He held the James Bryant Conant University Professorship at Harvard University....

  • Frederick Rauscher
    Frederick Rauscher
    Frederick Rauscher is a philosophy professor and well known Kant scholar currently teaching at Michigan State University. Rauscher earned his Ph.D. in philosophy at the University of Pennsylvania in 1993. Previously, he taught at Eastern Illinois University and the University of Pennsylvania...

  • George Lansing Raymond
    George Lansing Raymond
    George Lansing Raymond, was a prominent professor of Aesthetic Criticism at Princeton University and author of a new system of esthetics....

  • Michael C. Rea
    Michael C. Rea
    Michael C. Rea is an analytic philosopher, who is currently working as a professor of philosophy at the University of Notre Dame. He specializes in metaphysics and philosophy of religion and has competence in epistemology and applied ethics as well....

  • William L. Reese
    William L. Reese
    William L. Reese was a faculty member in the Department of Philosophy, State University of New York at Albany. He was born in Jefferson City, Missouri.Reese gained his PhD from the University of Chicago in 1947...

  • Tom Regan
    Tom Regan
    Tom Regan is an American philosopher who specializes in animal rights theory. He is professor emeritus of philosophy at North Carolina State University, where he taught from 1967 until his retirement in 2001....

  • Victor Reppert
    Victor Reppert
    Dr. Victor Reppert is an American philosopher best known for his development of the Argument from Reason. He is the author of C.S. Lewis's Dangerous Idea and numerous academic papers in journals such as Christian Scholars' Review, International Journal for the Philosophy of Religion, Philo and...

  • Hans Reichenbach
    Hans Reichenbach
    Hans Reichenbach was a leading philosopher of science, educator and proponent of logical empiricism...

  • Nicholas Rescher
    Nicholas Rescher
    Nicholas Rescher is an American philosopher at the University of Pittsburgh. In a productive research career extending over six decades, Rescher has established himself as a systematic philosopher of the old style and author of a system of pragmatic idealism which weaves together threads of...

  • Philip H. Rhinelander
    Philip H. Rhinelander
    Philip H. Rhinelander , was a philosopher, Stanford professor emeritus, and former dean of the Stanford University School of Humanities and Sciences.-Biography:...

  • Adrienne Rich
    Adrienne Rich
    Adrienne Cecile Rich is an American poet, essayist and feminist. She has been called "one of the most widely read and influential poets of the second half of the 20th century."-Early life:...

  • William J. Richardson
    William J. Richardson
    William John Richardson, S. J. is an American philosopher, who was among the first to introduce the philosophy of Martin Heidegger to the English-speaking world. He is currently professor emeritus of philosophy at Boston College.-Bibliography:...

  • Laurence Rickels
  • James Robb
    James Robb (philosopher)
    James H. Robb was a professor of philosophy at Marquette University, and was considered an expert in Medieval Philosophy and of the teachings of St. Thomas Aquinas.-Biography:...

  • Daniel N. Robinson
    Daniel N. Robinson
    Daniel N. Robinson is a Distinguished Professor Emeritus of Philosophy at Georgetown University and a Fellow of the Faculty of Philosophy, Oxford University.-Career:...

  • Rick Roderick
    Rick Roderick
    Rick Roderick was born in Abilene, Texas, son of a "con-man" and a "beautician". He was a teacher of philosophy at several universities, where he was much revered by many students for a socratic style of teaching combined with a brash and often humorous approach...

  • Bernard Rollin
    Bernard Rollin
    Bernard E. Rollin is an American philosopher who specializes in animal rights and animal consciousness. He is a professor of philosophy, animal sciences, and biomedical sciences at Colorado State University....

  • Holmes Rolston III
    Holmes Rolston III
    Holmes Rolston III is University Distinguished Professor of philosophy at Colorado State University. He is best known for his contributions to environmental ethics and science and religion. Among other honors, Rolston won the 2003 Templeton Prize, awarded by Prince Philip in Buckingham Palace...

  • Avital Ronell
    Avital Ronell
    Avital Ronell is a Professor of Philosophy at the European Graduate School in Saas-Fee and a Professor of German, comparative literature, and English at New York University, where she co-directs the Research in Trauma and Violence project...

  • Richard Rorty
    Richard Rorty
    Richard McKay Rorty was an American philosopher. He had a long and diverse academic career, including positions as Stuart Professor of Philosophy at Princeton, Kenan Professor of Humanities at the University of Virginia, and Professor of Comparative Literature at Stanford University...

  • Stanley Rosen
    Stanley Rosen
    Stanley Rosen is an American philosopher. Born in Cleveland, Ohio, he is currently Professor Emeritus at Boston University. His wide range of research includes metaphysics, political philosophy, and history of western philosophy....

  • Alexander Rosenberg
    Alexander Rosenberg
    Alexander Rosenberg is an American philosopher, and the R. Taylor Cole Professor of Philosophy at Duke University.Rosenberg was educated at Stuyvesant High School, the City College of New York and Johns Hopkins University...

  • Jay Rosenberg
    Jay Rosenberg
    Jay Frank Rosenberg was a Professor of Philosophy at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. He was a student of Wilfrid Sellars and established his reputation with ten books and over 80 articles in metaphysics, epistemology, the philosophy of language, and the history of philosophy...

  • Eugen Rosenstock-Huessy
    Eugen Rosenstock-Huessy
    Eugen Rosenstock-Huessy was a historian and social philosopher, whose work spanned the disciplines of history, theology, sociology, linguistics and beyond...

  • David M. Rosenthal
    David M. Rosenthal
    David M. Rosenthal is a philosopher at the City University of New York who has made significant contributions to the philosophy of mind, particularly in the area of consciousness. He was educated at the University of Chicago and then Princeton University...

  • Stephen David Ross
    Stephen David Ross
    Stephen David Ross is Distinguished Professor of Philosophy, Interpretation, and Culture, and of Comparative Literature at Binghamton University. Son of Allan Ross and Bessie Schlosberg, he received an undergraduate degree in mathematics at Columbia University. He then discovered his deep love...

  • Gian-Carlo Rota
    Gian-Carlo Rota
    Gian-Carlo Rota was an Italian-born American mathematician and philosopher.-Life:Rota was born in Vigevano, Italy...

  • Murray Rothbard
    Murray Rothbard
    Murray Newton Rothbard was an American author and economist of the Austrian School who helped define capitalist libertarianism and popularized a form of free-market anarchism he termed "anarcho-capitalism." Rothbard wrote over twenty books and is considered a centrally important figure in the...

  • William L. Rowe
    William L. Rowe
    William Leonard Rowe is a professor emeritus of philosophy at Purdue University who specialises in the philosophy of religion. His work has played a leading role in the "remarkable revival of analytic philosophy of religion since the 1970s"...

  • Josiah Royce
    Josiah Royce
    Josiah Royce was an American objective idealist philosopher.-Life:Royce, born in Grass Valley, California, grew up in pioneer California very soon after the California Gold Rush. He received the B.A...

  • Michael Ruse
    Michael Ruse
    Michael Ruse is a philosopher of biology at Florida State University, and is well known for his work on the creationism/evolution controversy and the demarcation problem in science...

  • David Rynin
    David Rynin
    David Rynin was an American philosopher. He is known mostly as an exponent of logical positivism. He served as president of the Pacific division of the American Philosophical Association in the years 1956-7...


S

  • William S. Sahakian
    William S. Sahakian
    William S. Sahakian was an Armenian-American philosopher. Receiving his BS at Northeastern University with a major in psychology and sociology in 1944, Sahakian later completed his graduate studies in philosophy at Harvard University and at Boston University. In 1951, Sahakian received his...

  • John Sallis
    John Sallis
    John Sallis is an American philosopher. Since 2005, he has been the Professor of Philosophy at Boston College. He has previously taught at Pennsylvania State University , Vanderbilt University , Loyola University of Chicago , Duquesne University and the University of the South .He is the brother...

  • Nathan Salmon
    Nathan Salmon
    Nathan U. Salmon is an American philosopher in the analytic tradition, specializing in metaphysics, philosophy of language, and philosophy of logic.- Biography :...

  • Michael Sandel
    Michael Sandel
    Michael J. Sandel is an American political philosopher and a professor at Harvard University. He is best known for the Harvard course 'Justice' which is available to , and for his critique of Rawls' A Theory of Justice in his Liberalism and the Limits of Justice...

  • Ellis Sandoz
    Ellis Sandoz
    Ellis Sandoz is the Hermann Moyse Jr. Distinguished Professor of Political Science and Director of the Eric Voegelin Institute for American Renaissance Studies...

  • David H. Sanford
    David H. Sanford
    David H. Sanford is a professor of philosophy at Duke University. He specializes in perception and metaphysics.Sanford studied at Cass Technical High School, Oberlin College and at Wayne State University. He received his Ph.D. from Cornell University in 1966, taught at Dartmouth College from 1963...

  • Larry Sanger
    Larry Sanger
    Lawrence Mark "Larry" Sanger is an American philosopher, co-founder of Wikipedia, and the founder of Citizendium....

  • George Santayana
    George Santayana
    George Santayana was a philosopher, essayist, poet, and novelist. A lifelong Spanish citizen, Santayana was raised and educated in the United States and identified himself as an American. He wrote in English and is generally considered an American man of letters...

  • Crispin Sartwell
    Crispin Sartwell
    Crispin Gallegher Sartwell is an American philosophy professor, self-professed individualist anarchist and journalist. He received his B.A. from the University of Maryland, College Park, his M.A. from Johns Hopkins University and his Ph.D...

  • Geoffrey Sayre-McCord
    Geoffrey Sayre-McCord
    Geoffrey Sayre-McCord is a philosopher who works in moral theory, meta-ethics, the history of ethics, and epistemology and has written extensively in these areas. He is known especially for his work on moral realism and on David Hume's moral theory. He has also written on contractualism...

  • T.M. Scanlon
  • Diana Schaub
    Diana Schaub
    Diana Schaub is professor of political science at Loyola College in Maryland. Schaub received both her M.A. and Ph.D. from the University of Chicago. She teaches and writes on a wide range of issues in political philosophy and American political thought....

  • Theodore Schick
    Theodore Schick
    Theodore Schick is an author in the field of philosophy.His articles have appeared in numerous publications and include topics such as functionalism and its effect on immortality, the logic behind the criteria of adequacy, and applying a scientific approach to the paranormal.-Biography:He received...

  • Tad Schmaltz
    Tad Schmaltz
    Tad M. Schmaltz is a professor of philosophy at the University of Michigan, Ann Arbor. Prior to that, he was a professor of philosophy at Duke University, where he began his teaching career in 1989. He graduated magna cum laude with a BA in philosophy from Kalamazoo College in 1983, received his...

  • David Schmidtz
    David Schmidtz
    David Schmidtz is Kendrick Professor of Philosophy and joint Professor of Economics at the University of Arizona. He grew up in Saskatchewan, Canada, and earned his PhD at Arizona under the direction of Joel Feinberg and Allen Buchanan and taught at Yale and Bowling Green State University before...

  • J. B. Schneewind
    J. B. Schneewind
    Jerome B. Schneewind is a Professor Emeritus of Philosophy at Johns Hopkins University.-Life:He received his B.A. from Cornell University and his Ph.D. from Princeton University...

  • Harold M. Schulweis
    Harold M. Schulweis
    Harold M. Schulweis is an American rabbi and author. He is the longtime spiritual Leader at Valley Beth Shalom in Encino, California.-Biography:...

  • Alfred Schütz
    Alfred Schütz
    Alfred Schütz was an Austrian social scientist, whose work bridged sociological and phenomenological traditions to form a social phenomenology, and who is gradually achieving recognition as one of the foremost philosophers of social science of the [twentieth] century.-Life:Schütz was born in...

  • David Schweickart
    David Schweickart
    David Schweickart is an American mathematician and philosopher. He holds a BS in Mathematics from University of Dayton, a PhD in Mathematics from University of Virginia, and a PhD in Philosophy from Ohio State University. He currently is Professor of Philosophy at Loyola University Chicago.He has...

  • John Searle
    John Searle
    John Rogers Searle is an American philosopher and currently the Slusser Professor of Philosophy at the University of California, Berkeley.-Biography:...

  • Roy Wood Sellars
    Roy Wood Sellars
    Roy Wood Sellars was an American philosopher of critical realism and religious humanism, and a proponent of emergent evolution. His son was the philosopher Wilfrid Sellars...

  • Wilfrid Sellars
    Wilfrid Sellars
    Wilfrid Stalker Sellars was an American philosopher. His father was the Canadian-American philosopher Roy Wood Sellars, a leading American philosophical naturalist in the first half of the twentieth-century...

  • Stanley Sfekas
    Stanley Sfekas
    Dr. Stanley Sfekas is professor of philosophy and religion at the University of Indianapolis/Athens Campus and was born in the United States. After receiving his B.A. in Philosophy and English from the University of Maryland, he went on to earn both his M.A. and Ph.D. in Philosophy from New York...

  • Jeremy J. Shapiro
    Jeremy J. Shapiro
    Dr. Jeremy J. Shapiro , is an American academic, a professor at Fielding Graduate University who works in the area of critical social theory with emphasis on the social and cultural effects of information technology and systems, social change, and the aesthetics of music...

  • Michael J. Shapiro
    Michael J. Shapiro
    Michael Joseph Shapiro is Professor of Political Science at the University of Hawaii at Mānoa. His work is often described as 'postdisciplinary', drawing on such diverse traditions as political philosophy, critical theory, cultural studies, film theory, international relations theory, literary...

  • Stewart Shapiro
    Stewart Shapiro
    Stewart Shapiro is O'Donnell Professor of Philosophy at the Ohio State University and a regular visiting professor at the University of St Andrews in Scotland. He is an important contemporary figure in the philosophy of mathematics where he defends a version of structuralism. He studied...

  • William Shaw
    William Shaw (philosopher)
    William H. Shaw was born on July 31, 1948 and is a professor and former Chair of the Philosophy Department at San Jose State University. He is the author of Marx's Theory of History: A Defense, Business Ethics, 4th ed., Moral Issues in Business, 8th ed...

  • George Sher
    George Sher
    George Sher is a moral philosopher and political philosopher who has taught at Rice University since 1991. He chaired the department from 1993 - 2000....

  • Warren Shibles
    Warren Shibles
    Warren A. Shibles is an American philosopher, historian and professor. His B.A. is from the University of Connecticut and his M.A. from the University of Colorado. He was head of the department of philosophy of the University of Wisconsin-Whitewater. He is the author of numerous articles in history...

  • Richard Shusterman
    Richard Shusterman
    Richard Shusterman is an American pragmatist philosopher, currently the Dorothy F. Schmidt Eminent Scholar in the Humanities and Professor of Philosophy at Florida Atlantic University. He is internationally known for his contributions to philosophical aesthetics.-Biography and career:Richard...

  • Hugh J. Silverman
    Hugh J. Silverman
    Hugh J. Silverman is an American philosopher and cultural theorist whose writing, lecturing, teaching, editing, and innovative international conferencing has participated in the development of a postmodern network that reaches around the world...

  • Edgar A. Singer, Jr.
    Edgar A. Singer, Jr.
    Edgar Arthur Singer, Jr. was an American philosopher who taught as a professor at the University of Pennsylvania from 1909 until 1943....

  • Irving Singer
    Irving Singer
    Irving Singer is Professor of Philosophy at Massachusetts Institute of Technology.Singer is the author of numerous books on a diverse range of topics, but his major interests are cinema, love, sexuality, and the philosophy of George Santayana...

  • David Skrbina
    David Skrbina
    David Skrbina is a pioneer of ecophilosophy. He stood for the office of Lieutenant Governor for the U.S. state of Michigan as the Green Party candidate in 2006, as the running mate of Douglas Campbell....

  • Brian Skyrms
    Brian Skyrms
    Brian Skyrms is a Distinguished Professor of Logic and Philosophy of Science and Economics at the University of California, Irvine and a Professor of Philosophy at Stanford University. He has worked on problems in the philosophy of science, causation, decision theory, game theory, and the...

  • Barry Smith
  • George H. Smith
    George H. Smith
    George Hamilton Smith is an American author, editor, educator and speaker.-Biography:Smith grew up mostly in Tucson, Arizona, and attended the University of Arizona for several years before leaving without a degree; he relocated to Los Angeles during 1971. With the help of libertarian editor Roy A...

  • Quentin Smith
    Quentin Smith
    Quentin Persifor Smith is an American contemporary philosopher, scholar and professor of philosophy at Western Michigan University in Kalamazoo, Michigan. He has worked in the philosophy of time, philosophy of language, philosophy of physics and philosophy of religion...

  • Tara Smith
  • T. V. Smith
    Thomas Vernor Smith
    Thomas Vernor Smith , who wrote under the byline T. V. Smith, was an American philosopher, scholar, and politician from Illinois, as well as an officer in the United States Army.-Biography:...

  • Wolfgang Smith
    Wolfgang Smith
    Wolfgang Smith is a mathematician, physicist, philosopher of science, metaphysician, Roman Catholic and member of the Traditionalist School...

  • Raymond Smullyan
    Raymond Smullyan
    Raymond Merrill Smullyan is an American mathematician, concert pianist, logician, Taoist philosopher, and magician.Born in Far Rockaway, New York, his first career was stage magic. He then earned a BSc from the University of Chicago in 1955 and his Ph.D. from Princeton University in 1959...

  • Joseph D. Sneed
    Joseph D. Sneed
    Joseph D. Sneed is a physicist, and philosopher at the Colorado School of Mines. With his book The Logical Structure of Mathematical Physics, published in 1971, and other important contributions to the philosophy of science he founded the structural theory of the empirical...

  • Scott Soames
    Scott Soames
    Scott Soames is a professor of philosophy at the University of Southern California. He specializes in the philosophy of language and the history of analytic philosophy...

  • Alan Soble
    Alan Soble
    Alan Gerald Soble is an American philosopher and author of several books on the philosophy of sex. Soble was born to William and Sylvia Soble in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania....

  • Robert C. Solomon
    Robert C. Solomon
    Robert C. Solomon was a professor of continental philosophy at the University of Texas at Austin in the USA.-Early life:...

  • Joseph B. Soloveitchik
  • Frederick Sontag
    Frederick Sontag
    Frederick Earl Sontag was a professor of philosophy and author. He taught at Pomona College in Claremont, California from 1952 to 2009, retiring shortly before his death.-Life and academic career:...

  • Pitirim Sorokin
    Pitirim Sorokin
    Pitirim Alexandrovich Sorokin was a Russian-American sociologist born in Komi . Academic and political activist in Russia, he emigrated from Russia to the United States in 1923. He founded the Department of Sociology at Harvard University. He was a vocal opponent of Talcott Parsons' theories...

  • David Sosa
    David Sosa
    David Sosa is an American philosopher. He received his undergraduate degree from Brown University and a doctorate in philosophy from Princeton University. His PhD dissertation, completed in 1996 under the supervision of Mark Johnston, was titled "Representing Thoughts and Language". Before moving...

  • Ernest Sosa
    Ernest Sosa
    Ernest Sosa is an American philosopher primarily interested in epistemology. He is currently Board of Governors Professor of Philosophy at Rutgers University. He has been at Rutgers full-time since January, 2007; previously, he had been at Brown University since 1964...

  • Lysander Spooner
    Lysander Spooner
    Lysander Spooner was an American individualist anarchist, political philosopher, Deist, abolitionist, supporter of the labor movement, legal theorist, and entrepreneur of the nineteenth century. He is also known for competing with the U.S...

  • Elmer Sprague
    Elmer Sprague
    Elmer Sprague is professor emeritus at Brooklyn College of the City University of New York, where he taught philosophy for 44 years. He has a B.A. from the University of Nebraska, and a B.A. and D.Phil. from Oxford. He was a Rhodes Scholar at Oxford , and was the Paul Robert and Jean Shuman Hanna...

  • Robert Stalnaker
    Robert Stalnaker
    Robert C. Stalnaker is Laurance S. Rockefeller Professor of Philosophy at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. In 2007, he delivered the John Locke Lectures at Oxford University on the topic of Our Knowledge of the Internal World...

  • Lawrence Stepelevich
    Lawrence Stepelevich
    Lawrence S. Stepelevich is an American philosopher associated with a renewed interest in the works of Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel, particularly since the fall of the Soviet Union, with less emphasis placed on Marx's interpretations than had previously been the case...

  • Charles Stevenson
    Charles Stevenson
    Charles Leslie Stevenson was an American analytic philosopher best known for his work in ethics and aesthetics....

  • Stephen Stich
    Stephen Stich
    Stephen Stich is a professor of Philosophy at Rutgers University. He is also currently an Honorary Professor of the department of Philosophy at the University of Sheffield. Stich's main philosophical interests are in the philosophy of mind, cognitive science, epistemology, and moral psychology. He...

  • Leo Strauss
    Leo Strauss
    Leo Strauss was a political philosopher and classicist who specialized in classical political philosophy. He was born in Germany to Jewish parents and later emigrated to the United States...

  • David Strong
    David Strong
    David Strong is an American philosopher and educator. He is currently a Professor of Philosophy and Environmental Studies at Rocky Mountain College. Strong has been noted as a disciple of Albert Borgmann; Strong explores Borgmann's ideas on technology within the context of a philosophy of...

  • Barry Stroud
    Barry Stroud
    Barry Stroud is a philosopher known for his work on philosophical skepticism, David Hume, and Wittgenstein, among other topics. He received a B.A. in philosophy from the University of Toronto, followed by a Ph.D. in philosophy from Harvard University, under the direction of Morton White. Since...

  • Peter Suber
    Peter Suber
    Peter Suber is the creator of the game Nomic and a leading voice in the open access movement. He is a senior research professor of philosophy at Earlham College, the open access project director at Public Knowledge, a senior researcher at SPARC , and a Fellow at Harvard's and...

  • William Graham Sumner
    William Graham Sumner
    William Graham Sumner was an American academic and "held the first professorship in sociology" at Yale College. For many years he had a reputation as one of the most influential teachers there. He was a polymath with numerous books and essays on American history, economic history, political...

  • Frederick Suppe
    Frederick Suppe
    Frederick Suppe is a professor Emeritus of philosophy at the University of Maryland. He has prominent work in the philosophy of science including much work with the semantic view of theories...

  • Patrick Suppes
    Patrick Suppes
    Patrick Colonel Suppes is an American philosopher who has made significant contributions to philosophy of science, the theory of measurement, the foundations of quantum mechanics, decision theory, psychology, and educational technology...

  • Lisa H. Schwartzman
    Lisa H. Schwartzman
    Lisa H. Schwartzman is a philosophy professor and well known feminist and social/political philosopher currently teaching at Michigan State University. Schwartzman earned her Ph.D...


T

  • William W. Tait
    William W. Tait
    William Walker Tait is an emeritus professor of philosophy at the University of Chicago, where he served as a faculty member from 1972 to 1996, and as department chair from 1981 to 1987....

  • Nassim Nicholas Taleb
  • Richard Tarnas
    Richard Tarnas
    Richard Theodore Tarnas, Jr. is a philosopher and cultural historian known for his 1991 book The Passion of the Western Mind: Understanding the Ideas That Have Shaped Our World View and Cosmos and Psyche: Intimations of a New World View, published in 2006...

  • Alfred I. Tauber
    Alfred I. Tauber
    Alfred I. Tauber , Zoltan Kohn Professor emeritus of Medicine and Professor emeritus of Philosophy at Boston University, is a philosopher and historian of science, who, from 1993 to 2010, served as Director of the Boston University Center for Philosophy and History of Science at Boston University...

  • Mark C. Taylor
    Mark C. Taylor
    Mark C. Taylor is a philosopher of religion and cultural critic who has published more than twenty books on theology, philosophy, art and architecture, media, technology, economics, and the natural sciences...

  • Paul Taylor
    Paul Taylor (philosopher)
    Paul W. Taylor is a philosopher best known for his work in the field of environmental ethics. His theory of biocentric egalitarianism, related to but not identical with deep ecology, was first published in his 1986 book Respect for Nature, and is taught in many university courses on environmental...

  • Richard Taylor
    Richard Taylor (philosopher)
    Richard Taylor was an American philosopher renowned for his dry wit and his contributions to metaphysics. He was also an internationally-known beekeeper....

  • Neil Tennant
    Neil Tennant (philosopher)
    Neil Tennant is Humanities Distinguished Professor of Philosophy at the Ohio State University. Along with Michael Dummett, Crispin Wright, and a few others, Tennant is one of the most notable figures in the contemporary realism/anti-realism debate...

  • Irving Thalberg, Jr.
  • Judith Jarvis Thomson
    Judith Jarvis Thomson
    Judith Jarvis Thomson is an American moral philosopher and metaphysician, best known for her use of thought experiments to make philosophical points.- Career :...

  • Paul B. Thompson
    Paul B. Thompson (philosopher)
    Paul B. Thompson is a philosopher currently teaching at Michigan State University where he holds the W.K. Kellogg Chair in Agricultural Food and Community Ethics. Thompson earned his B.A. at Emory University before going on to earn a Ph.D. in philosophy at the State University of New York at Stony...

  • Henry David Thoreau
    Henry David Thoreau
    Henry David Thoreau was an American author, poet, philosopher, abolitionist, naturalist, tax resister, development critic, surveyor, historian, and leading transcendentalist...

  • Paul Tillich
    Paul Tillich
    Paul Johannes Tillich was a German-American theologian and Christian existentialist philosopher. Tillich was one of the most influential Protestant theologians of the 20th century...

  • Samuel Todes
    Samuel Todes
    Samuel Todes was an American philosopher who made notable contributions to existentialism, phenomenology, and philosophy of mind. He was Associate Professor of Philosophy at Northwestern University at the time of his death in 1994...

  • Anna-Teresa Tymieniecka
    Anna-Teresa Tymieniecka
    Anna-Teresa Tymieniecka is a Polish-born American philosopher, one of the most important and continuously active contemporary phenomenologists, founder and president of The World Phenomenology Institute, and editor of the book series Analecta Husserliana, presently published by...


V

  • William F. Vallicella
    William F. Vallicella
    -Biography:Vallicella has a Ph.D. , taught for a number of years at University of Dayton and Case Western Reserve University , and retired to Gold Canyon, Arizona from where he now contributes to philosophy mainly online...

  • Paul van Buren
    Paul van Buren
    Paul Matthews van Buren was a Christian theologian and author. An ordained Episcopalian priest he was a Professor of religion at Temple University, Philadelphia for 22 years....

  • Bas van Fraassen
  • Achille Varzi
    Achille Varzi (philosopher)
    Achille C. Varzi is a professor of philosophy at Columbia University. He specializes in metaphysics and logic.Along with Roberto Casati, he authored "Holes and Other Superficialities", an exploration into the ontology of holes, as well as "Parts and Places: The Structures of Spatial...

  • Henry Babcock Veatch
    Henry Babcock Veatch
    Henry Babcock Veatch, Jr. was a twentieth-century American philosopher.-Life and career:Veatch was born in Evansville, Indiana. He obtained his Ph.D...

  • J. David Velleman
    J. David Velleman
    J. David Velleman is a Professor of Philosophy at New York University. He taught previously for more than twenty years at the University of Michigan. He primarily works in the areas of ethics, moral psychology, and related areas such as the philosophy of action and practical...

  • Eric Voegelin
    Eric Voegelin
    Eric Voegelin, born Erich Hermann Wilhelm Vögelin, was a German-born American political philosopher. He was born in Cologne, then Imperial Germany, and educated in political science at the University of Vienna. He became a teacher and then an associate professor of political science at the...

  • Alice von Hildebrand
    Alice von Hildebrand
    Alice von Hildebrand is a Catholic philosopher and theologian and a former professor.She came to the U.S. in 1940 and began teaching at Hunter College in New York City in 1947...


W

  • James D. Wallace
    James D. Wallace
    James Donald Wallace is Emeritus Professor of Moral Philosophy at University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign and the author of several books on the subject of morality and ethics that draw on the American Philosophical tradition of Pragmatism, in particular the ethical theory of John Dewey...

  • Kendall Walton
    Kendall Walton
    Kendall Lewis Walton is an American philosopher, the Charles Stevenson Collegiate Professor of Philosophy and Professor of Art and Design at the University of Michigan. His work mainly deals with theoretical questions about the arts and issues of philosophy of mind, metaphysics, and philosophy of...

  • Mary Anne Warren
  • Carl Watner
    Carl Watner
    Carl Watner is an American author and historian of libertarian studies, and a voluntaryist. He has written articles for Reason magazine, The Libertarian Forum, and The Journal of Libertarian Studies....

  • Brian Weatherson
    Brian Weatherson
    Brian Weatherson is an Associate Professor of Philosophy at Rutgers University. Prior to this, he was an Associate Professor of Philosophy at Cornell's Sage School of Philosophy....

  • David Weinberger
    David Weinberger
    David Weinberger is an American technologist, professional speaker, and commentator, probably best known as co-author of the Cluetrain Manifesto David Weinberger (born 1950 in New York) is an American technologist, professional speaker, and commentator, probably best known as co-author of the...

  • Jack Russell Weinstein
    Jack Russell Weinstein
    Jack Russell Weinstein is an American philosopher specializing in the history of philosophy, political philosophy, Adam Smith, and contemporary liberal theory. He is currently a Professor in the Department of Philosophy and Religion at the University of North Dakota...

  • Max Weismann
    Max Weismann
    Max Weismann is an American philosopher and a long time friend and colleague of Mortimer Adler, with whom he co-founded the Center for the Study of the Great Ideas in Chicago. He is director and president of the Center and has dedicated his time and talents to promoting the philosophical and...

  • Paul Weiss
    Paul Weiss (philosopher)
    Paul Weiss was an American philosopher.-Background:Paul Weiss grew up on the lower east side of New York City. His father, Samuel Weiss , was a Hungarian emigrant who moved from Europe in the 1890s. He worked as a tinsmith, a coppersmith, and a boilermaker. Paul Weiss's mother, Emma Rothschild ...

  • Morris Weitz
    Morris Weitz
    Morris Weitz was an American aesthetician. He received his doctorate from the University of Michigan. During the course of his career he taught at Vassar College, at Ohio State University and at Brandeis University...

  • Cornel West
    Cornel West
    Cornel Ronald West is an American philosopher, author, critic, actor, civil rights activist and prominent member of the Democratic Socialists of America....

  • Morton White
    Morton White
    Morton White is an American philosopher and historian of ideas. He is both a central figure in the philosophical movement of Holistic Pragmatism and a noted historian of American philosophical thought...

  • Alfred North Whitehead
    Alfred North Whitehead
    Alfred North Whitehead, OM FRS was an English mathematician who became a philosopher. He wrote on algebra, logic, foundations of mathematics, philosophy of science, physics, metaphysics, and education...

  • Walt Whitman
    Walt Whitman
    Walter "Walt" Whitman was an American poet, essayist and journalist. A humanist, he was a part of the transition between transcendentalism and realism, incorporating both views in his works. Whitman is among the most influential poets in the American canon, often called the father of free verse...

  • Dan Wikler
    Dan Wikler
    Daniel I. Wikler is currently in the of the Harvard School of Public Health in Boston. He is a core faculty member in the . His current research interests are ethical issues in population and international health, including , health research involving human subjects, organ transplant ethics,...

  • Ken Wilber
    Ken Wilber
    Kenneth Earl Wilber II is an American author who has written about mysticism, philosophy, ecology, and developmental psychology. His work formulates what he calls Integral Theory. In 1998, he founded the Integral Institute, for teaching and applications of Integral theory.-Biography:Ken Wilber was...

  • John Daniel Wild
    John Daniel Wild
    516 pages. ISBN 0819138908 . 259 pages. 297 pages. ISBN 0313211272. 250 pages. 186 pages. 243 pages. 430 pages. ISBN 0313226415.-Further reading: 414 pages. 226 pages. ISBN 0820427969. 289 pages. ISBN 0739113666....

  • Dallas Willard
    Dallas Willard
    Dallas Albert Willard is an American philosophy professor and author born in Buffalo, Missouri. His work in philosophy has been primarily in phenomenology, particularly the work of Edmund Husserl...

  • William Mackintire Salter
    William Mackintire Salter
    William Mackintire Salter was the author of several books on philosophy and a critical and enduring major classic on Nietzsche, and was also an Individualist anarchist. He was also a special lecturer for the Department of Philosophy in the University of Chicago. He served as lecturer for the...

  • Michael Williams
    Michael Williams (philosopher)
    Michael Williams is currently the Kreiger-Eisenhower Professor of Philosophy at Johns Hopkins University and chair of the department. Williams is a noted epistemologist, and has significant interest in the philosophy of language, Wittgenstein, and the history of modern philosophy. He is...

  • Bruce Wilshire
    Bruce Wilshire
    Bruce W. Wilshire is a Professor Emeritus at Rutgers University philosophy department, where he started teaching in 1970. He received his B.A from the University of Southern California and his M.A and Ph.D from New York University...

  • Robert Anton Wilson
    Robert Anton Wilson
    Robert Anton Wilson , known to friends as "Bob", was an American author and polymath who became at various times a novelist, philosopher, psychologist, essayist, editor, playwright, poet, futurist, civil libertarian and self-described agnostic mystic...

  • William J. Winslade
    William J. Winslade
    William J. Winslade , Ph.D., J.D., is the James Wade Rockwell Professor of Philosophy of Medicine at the Institute for Medical Humanities, University of Texas Medical Branch at Galveston and Distinguished Visiting Professor of Law and Associate Director for Graduate Programs, Health Law & Policy...

  • Susan Wolf
    Susan Wolf
    Susan R. Wolf is a moral philosopher and philosopher of action who is currently the Edna J. Koury Professor of Philosophy at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. Her husband, , is also a philosopher teaching at UNC-Chapel Hill...

  • Robert Paul Wolff
    Robert Paul Wolff
    Robert Paul Wolff is a contemporary American political philosopher and professor at the University of Massachusetts Amherst. Wolff has written widely on many topics in political philosophy such as Marxism, tolerance , political justification and democracy. Wolff is also well known for his work on...

  • Nicholas Wolterstorff
    Nicholas Wolterstorff
    Nicholas Wolterstorff is an American philosopher and currently the Noah Porter Emeritus Professor of Philosophical Theology at Yale University...

  • Paul Woodruff
    Paul Woodruff
    Paul Woodruff is a classicist, professor of philosophy, and dean at the University of Texas at Austin, where he once chaired the department of philosophy and has more recently held the Hayden Head Regents Chair as director of Plan II Honors program, which he resigned in 2006 after 15 years of...

  • Chauncey Wright
    Chauncey Wright
    Chauncey Wright , American philosopher and mathematician, was born at Northampton, Massachusetts.In 1852 he graduated at Harvard, and became computer to the American Ephemeris and Nautical Almanac. He made his name by contributions on mathematical and physical subjects in the Mathematical Monthly...


Z

  • Linda Trinkaus Zagzebski
    Linda Trinkaus Zagzebski
    Linda Trinkaus Zagzebski is an American philosopher, and is Kingfisher College Chair of Philosophy of Religion and Ethics at the University of Oklahoma. She is a 2011 Guggenheim Fellow....

  • Paul Ziff
    Paul Ziff
    Paul Ziff was an American artist and philosopher specializing in semantics and aesthetics.-Career:...

  • Dean Zimmerman
    Dean Zimmerman
    Dean Zimmerman is an American professor of philosophy at Rutgers University. He specializes in metaphysics and the philosophy of religion. He earned his PhD in philosophy from Brown University, and has taught at the University of Notre Dame and Syracuse University...

  • Michael E. Zimmerman
    Michael E. Zimmerman (philosopher)
    Michael E. Zimmerman is an integral theorist whose interests include Buddhism, Heidegger, Nietzsche, and Ken Wilber. After a year as Assistant Professor at Denison University, he was Professor of Philosophy at Tulane University from 1975 to 2005, and Director of the Institute for Humanities and...


See also

  • American philosophy
    American philosophy
    American philosophy is the philosophical activity or output of Americans, both within the United States and abroad. The Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy notes that while American philosophy lacks a "core of defining features, American Philosophy can nevertheless be seen as both reflecting and...

  • List of Jewish American philosophers
  • List of African American philosophers
  • List of philosophers