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List of Acts of Parliament of Canada

List of Acts of Parliament of Canada

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1867 – 1899

  • Manitoba Act 1870
    Manitoba Act
    The Manitoba Act, originally titled An Act to amend and continue the Act 32 and 33 Victoria, chapter 3; and to establish and provide for the Government of the Province of Manitoba, is an act of the Parliament of Canada that is defined by the Constitution Act, 1982 as forming a part of the...

  • Dominion Lands Act
    Dominion Lands Act
    The Dominion Lands Act was an 1872 Canadian law that aimed to encourage the settlement of Canada's Prairie provinces. It was closely based on the United States Homestead Act, setting conditions in which the western lands could be settled and their natural resources developed...

     1872
  • Indian Act 1876
  • Canada Temperance Act
    Canada Temperance Act
    The Canada Temperance Act was an Act of the Parliament of Canada in 1878, which provided for an option for municipalities to opt-in by plebiscite to a prohibitionary scheme...

     1878
  • Chinese Immigration Act of 1885
    Chinese Immigration Act of 1885
    The Chinese Immigration Act of 1885 placed a head tax on all Chinese immigrants coming to Canada, forcing them to pay a fifty dollar fee to enter the country. In 1900, the fee was raised to one hundred dollars...

  • Criminal Code of Canada 1892
    Criminal Code of Canada
    The Criminal Code or Code criminel is a law that codifies most criminal offences and procedures in Canada. Its official long title is "An Act respecting the criminal law"...

  • Quebec Boundary Extension Act, 1898
    Quebec Boundary Extension Act, 1898
    The Quebec Boundary Extension Act of 1898 was an act of the Parliament of Canada that expanded the territory of the province of Quebec. The province's northern boundary was set along the eastern shore of James Bay to the mouth of the Eastmain River, north along the river, then due east to the...


1900 – 1949

  • Alberta Act 1905
  • The Saskatchewan Act 1905
    The Saskatchewan Act
    The Saskatchewan Act is an Act of the Canadian Parliament establishing the new province of Saskatchewan, effective September 1, 1905. Its long title is An Act to establish and provide for the government of the Province of Saskatchewan. The Act was published in chapter 42, pages 201-215 of the...

  • Juvenile Delinquents Act 1908
    Juvenile Delinquents Act
    The Juvenile Delinquents Act was a law passed in 1908 by the Canadian government to improve its handling of juvenile crime. The act established procedures for the handling of juvenile offenses, including the government assuming control of juvenile offenders...

  • Quebec Boundaries Extension Act, 1912
    Quebec Boundaries Extension Act, 1912
    The Quebec Boundaries Extension Act, 1912 is an act passed by the Parliament of Canada on April 1, 1912, that expanded the territory of the Province of Quebec. It was supplemental to the Quebec Boundary Extension Act, 1898 that granted the province its first territorial enlargement...

  • Finance Act 1914
  • War Measures Act 1914
    War Measures Act
    The War Measures Act was a Canadian statute that allowed the government to assume sweeping emergency powers in the event of "war, invasion or insurrection, real or apprehended"...

  • Statistics Act 1918
    Statistics Act
    The Statistics Act was an Act by the Canadian government in 1918 which created the Dominion Bureau of Statistics, now called Statistics Canada since 1971...

  • Civil Service Act 1918
    Civil Service Act 1918
    The Civil Service Act 1918 was a piece of legislation passed by Canadian Prime Minister Robert Borden following the First World War. The act called for a number of reforms to be made to the Canadian civil service, and had implications on how Canadian public administration unfolded over the...

  • Food and Drugs Act 1920
    Food and Drugs Act
    Food and Drugs Act is an Act of the Parliament of Canada regarding the production, import, export, transport across provinces and sale of food, drugs, contraceptive devices and cosmetics...

  • Chinese Immigration Act 1923
  • National Parks Act (Canada)
    National Parks Act (Canada)
    The National Parks Act is a Canadian federal law that regulates protection of natural areas of national significance.-National parks:The act enables Parks Canada to designate and maintain national parks and national parks reserves. Within these, additional wildland areas may be designated...

     1930
  • Succession to the Throne Act 1936
  • Natural Resources Transfer Acts
    Natural Resources Transfer Acts
    The Natural Resources Transfer Acts were passed by the Parliament of Canada in 1930 in order to give the Prairie provinces jurisdiction over their crown lands and natural resources, a right they were not given when they entered Confederation...

  • National Housing Act 1938
    National Housing Act (Canada)
    National Housing Act was passed by the Parliament of Canada in 1938 and was intended to promote the construction of new houses, the repair and modernization of existing houses, and the improvement of housing and living conditions. It was later amended in 1985 and 1999....

  • Natural Resources Mobilization Act 1940
    National Resources Mobilization Act
    National Resources Mobilization Act is a Canadian government statute which enabled conscription in Canada during World War II. The bill, passed by Parliament on June 21, 1940, permitted conscripts to be used for home defence only and not to be deployed overseas but was modified lolin August 1942 to...

  • Canadian Citizenship Act 1946
    Canadian Citizenship Act 1946
    The Canadian Citizenship Act is an Act of the Parliament of Canada, which was enacted June 27, 1946, and came into effect on January 1, 1947, recognizing the definition of a Canadian, including reference to them being British subjects....


1950 – 1979

  • Canadian Bill of Rights 1960
    Canadian Bill of Rights
    The Canadian Bill of Rights is a federal statute and bill of rights enacted by Prime Minister John Diefenbaker's government on August 10, 1960. It provides Canadians with certain quasi-constitutional rights in relation to other federal statutes...

  • Criminal Law Amendment Act, 1968-69
    Criminal Law Amendment Act, 1968-69
    The Criminal Law Amendment Act, 1968-69 was an omnibus bill that introduced major changes to the Criminal Code of Canada. It was introduced as Bill C-150 by then Minister of Justice Pierre Trudeau in the second session of the 27th Canadian Parliament on December 21, 1967...

  • Divorce Act 1968 - replaced by Divorce Act, 1985
  • Anti-Inflation Act
    Anti-Inflation Act
    The Anti-Inflation Act was a Canadian Act of Parliament that was passed in 1975 by Pierre Trudeau's government in order to slow down the rapidly increasing price and wage inflation...

     1975
  • Canadian Human Rights Act 1977
    Canadian Human Rights Act
    The Canadian Human Rights Act is a statute originally passed by the Parliament of Canada in 1977 with the express goal of extending the law to ensure equal opportunity to individuals who may be victims of discriminatory practices based on a set prohibited grounds such as gender, disability, or...

  • Canadian Football Act
    Canadian Football Act
    The Canadian Football Act was a proposed Act by the Parliament of Canada in April 1974 designed to give a government-protected monopoly over professional gridiron football in Canada to the Canadian Football League...

     1974

1980 – 1989

  • Tax Court of Canada Act
    Tax Court of Canada Act
    The Tax Court of Canada Act was an Act of the Parliament of Canada concerning the Tax Court of Canada.-External links:*...

     1980
  • Privacy Act 1982
    Privacy Act 1982
    The Privacy Act is Canadian federal legislation that came into effect on July 1, 1983. The act sets out rules for how institutions of the federal government must deal with personal information of individuals...

  • Access to Information Act
    Access to Information Act
    Access to Information Act or Information Act is a Canadian act providing the right of access to information under the control of a government institution...

     1983
  • Tax Court of Canada Act 1983
    Tax Court of Canada Act
    The Tax Court of Canada Act was an Act of the Parliament of Canada concerning the Tax Court of Canada.-External links:*...

  • Canada Health Act
    Canada Health Act
    The Canada Health Act is a piece of Canadian federal legislation, adopted in 1984, which specifies the conditions and criteria with which the provincial and territorial health insurance programs must conform in order to receive federal transfer payments under the Canada Health Transfer...

     1984
  • Young Offenders Act 1984
    Young Offenders Act
    The Young Offenders Act was an act of the Parliament of Canada, granted Royal Assent in 1984, that regulated the criminal prosecution of Canadian youths...

  • Asia Pacific Foundation of Canada
    Asia Pacific Foundation of Canada
    The Asia Pacific Foundation of Canada, created by an Act of Parliament in 1984, is an independent, not-for-profit think-tank on Canada's relations with Asia.-Asia Pacific Foundation of Canada:...

     Act 1985
  • Divorce Act
    Divorce Act
    Canada's Divorce Act is the federal Act that governs divorce in that country. The Constitution of Canada has explicitly made marriage and divorce the realm of the federal government rather than of the provinces....

     (R.S., 1985, c. 3 (2nd Supp.))
  • Aeronautics Act R.S. 1985
  • Canada Business Corporations Act 1985
    Canada Business Corporations Act
    The Canada Business Corporations Act, also known as Bill C-44, is a Canadian act respecting Canadian business corporations.-External links:*...

  • Employment Equity Act 1986
    Employment equity (Canada)
    Employment equity, as defined in Canadian law by the Employment Equity Act, requires employers to engage in proactive employment practices to increase the representation of four designated groups: women, people with disabilities, Aboriginal peoples, and visible minorities...

  • Canadian Centre on Substance Abuse Act
    Canadian Centre on Substance Abuse Act
    The Canadian Centre on Substance Abuse Act is a Canadian government legislation signed into law on September 13, 1988. The purpose of the Act is to establish the Canadian Centre on Substance Abuse, recognized as a charity, for the purposes of the Income Tax Act, overseen by Health Canada...

     1988
  • Emergencies Act 1988
    Emergencies Act
    The Emergencies Act is an Act of the Parliament of Canada to authorize the taking of special temporary measures to ensure safety and security during national emergencies and to amend other Acts in consequence thereof....

  • Official Multiculturalism Act 1988
    Official Multiculturalism Act
    The Canadian Multiculturalism Act is a law, which was passed in 1988, aims to preserve and enhance multiculturalism in Canada.-Background:The federal government, under Prime Minister Pierre Elliott Trudeau, declared in 1971 that Canada would adopt multicultural policy. Canada would recognize and...

  • Official Languages Act 1988

1990 – 1999

  • Canadian Space Agency Act 1990
  • Integrated Circuit Topography Act
    Integrated Circuit Topography Act
    The Integrated Circuit Topography Act is legislation passed by the Parliament of Canada in 1990 that regulates the intellectual property of integrated circuit topographies. It came into force in 1993...

     1990
  • Broadcasting Act 1991
    Broadcasting Act
    The Broadcasting Act is an Act of the Parliament of Canada regarding broadcasting of radiocommunications...

  • Bank Act 1991
    Canada Bank Act
    The Bank Act is an Act of the Government of Canada respecting banks and banking.The Act groups banks in three schedules. Schedule I banks are banks allowed to accept deposits that are not a subsidiary of a foreign bank, Schedule II banks are banks allowed to accept deposits that are a subsidiary...

  • Telecommunications Act
    Telecommunications Act (Canada)
    The Telecommunications Act of 1993 is an Act of the Parliament of Canada that regulates telecommunications by ensuring reliable services, protecting privacy, and to protect and encourage the Canadian media. The Act is administered by the Canadian Radio-television and Telecommunications Commission ...

     1993
  • Controlled Drugs and Substances Act 1996
    Controlled Drugs and Substances Act
    The Controlled Drugs and Substances Act is Canada's federal drug control statute. Passed in 1996 by the Chr├ętien government, it repeals the Narcotic Control Act and Parts III and IV of the Food and Drug Act and establishes eight Schedules of controlled substances and two Classes of precursors...

  • Nuclear Safety and Control Act
    Nuclear Safety and Control Act
    The Nuclear Safety and Control Act of Canada replaced the Atomic Energy Control Act of 1946 with new, more effective and explicit legislation to regulate the activities of the Canadian nuclear industry. The NSCA also provided for the establishment of the Canadian Nuclear Safety Commission , which...

     S.C. 1997
  • Clarity Act 1999
    Clarity Act
    The Clarity Act is legislation passed by the Parliament of Canada that established the conditions under which the Government of Canada would enter into negotiations that might lead to secession following such a vote by one of the provinces. The Clarity Bill was tabled for first reading in the...


2000 – present

  • Canada Elections Act
    Canada Elections Act
    Canada Elections Act is an Act of the Parliament of Canada respecting the election of members of parliament to the Canadian House of Commons, repealing other Acts relating to elections and making consequential amendments to other Acts....

    , 2000
  • Personal Information Protection and Electronic Documents Act 2000
    Personal Information Protection and Electronic Documents Act
    The Personal Information Protection and Electronic Documents Act is a Canadian law relating to data privacy. It governs how private sector organizations collect, use and disclose personal information in the course of commercial business. In addition, the Act contains various provisions to...

  • Proceeds of Crime (Money Laundering) and Terrorist Financing Act 2001
  • Canadian Anti-Terrorism Act
    Canadian Anti-Terrorism Act
    The Canadian Anti-Terrorism Act was passed by the Liberal government of Canada in response to the September 11, 2001, attacks in the United States. It received Royal Assent on December 18, 2001, as Bill C-36. The "omnibus" bill extends the powers of government and institutions within the Canadian...

     2002
  • Youth Criminal Justice Act 2002
    Youth Criminal Justice Act
    Canada's Youth Criminal Justice Act is a Canadian statute, which came into effect on April 1, 2003. It covers the prosecution of youths for criminal offences...

  • Immigration and Refugee Protection Act 2002
    Immigration and Refugee Protection Act
    Immigration and Refugee Protection Act is an Act of the Parliament of Canada, passed in 2001 as Bill C-11, which replaced the Immigration Act of 1976 as the primary federal legislation regulating Immigration to Canada....

  • Canadian Environmental Assessment Act, 2003
    Canadian Environmental Assessment Act
    The Canadian Environmental Assessment Act, S.C. 1992, c. 37 is an Act of Parliament that was passed by the Government of Canada in 1992...

  • Civil Marriage Act
    Civil Marriage Act
    The Civil Marriage Act was legislation legalizing same-sex marriage across Canada...

    , 2005
  • Federal Accountability Act
    Federal Accountability Act
    The Federal Accountability Act is a statute introduced as Bill C-2 in the first session of the 39th Canadian Parliament on April 11, 2006, by the President of the Treasury Board, John Baird...

    , 2006
  • Tackling Violent Crime Act
    Tackling Violent Crime Act
    The Tackling Violent Crime Act is an omnibus statute that was given royal assent on February 28, 2008. The statute primarily deals with strengthening gun control in Canada as well as fighting drunk driving, drug-impaired driving and to increase the age of consent to sexual intercourse from 14 to 16....

    , 2008
  • Electronic Commerce Protection Act
    Electronic Commerce Protection Act
    The Electronic Commerce Protection Act is anti-spam legislation introduced in 2009 by the Government of Canada at the House of Commons....

    , 2009

External links