Line of succession to the Austro-Hungarian throne

Line of succession to the Austro-Hungarian throne

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The dual monarchy of Austria-Hungary
Austria-Hungary
Austria-Hungary , more formally known as the Kingdoms and Lands Represented in the Imperial Council and the Lands of the Holy Hungarian Crown of Saint Stephen, was a constitutional monarchic union between the crowns of the Austrian Empire and the Kingdom of Hungary in...

 was abolished in 1918. The current Head of the House of Habsburg is Archduke
Archduke
The title of Archduke denotes a noble rank above Duke and below King, used only by princes of the Houses of Habsburg and Habsburg-Lorraine....

 Karl
Karl Habsburg-Lothringen
Karl von Habsburg , referred to in Austria as Karl Habsburg-Lothringen, in France as Charles de Habsbourg-Lorraine, in the Czech Lands as Karel Habsbursko-Lotrinský, in Hungary as Habsburg Károly, and by his royal name as Archduke Karl of Austria, is an Austrian politician,...

. The succession law used is Semi-Salic.

Equal marriages


During the monarchy and for a number of decades afterwards to have the right of succession members of the House of Habsburg had to be born of an equal marriage
Equal marriage
Equal marriage can refer to:*The custom or legal requirement of Ebenbürtigkeit practiced by royalty in Europe and elsewhere; see Royal intermarriage....

. For a marriage of a member of the Imperial Family to be equal the spouse had to belong to one of the following: the Imperial Family of Austria-Hungary, a fellow ruling Christian royal family or a mediatised
German Mediatisation
The German Mediatisation was the series of mediatisations and secularisations that occurred in Germany between 1795 and 1814, during the latter part of the era of the French Revolution and then the Napoleonic Era....

 family. A family Statute introduced in 1900 further increased the pool of eligible partners by stating members of non-mediatised families which can prove they are belong to an ancient noble lineage, have a certain number of noble quarters and have held a noble fief for at least 300 years also met equality requirements for marriage into the Impeiral Family.

Around the time of the marriage of Archduke Karl in 1993 to Baroness Francesca Thyssen-Bornemisza
Francesca von Habsburg
Francesca von Habsburg-Lothringen is an art collector and the wife of Karl Habsburg-Lothringen, head of the House of Habsburg-Lorraine.-Life:...

, who did not meet the old equality requirements, the rules regrading equal marriages were relaxed. Currently for a marriage to be dynastic all that is needed is the consent of the head of the house and a religious marriage. On 30 November 1990 the head of the house Crown Prince Otto
Otto von Habsburg
Otto von Habsburg , also known by his royal name as Archduke Otto of Austria, was the last Crown Prince of Austria-Hungary from 1916 until the dissolution of the empire in 1918, a realm which comprised modern-day Austria, Hungary, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, the Czech Republic, Slovakia,...

 granted the title Count or Countess von Habsburg to the issue of morganatic marriages.

Archduchesses


Although under the semi-salic succession law Archduchess possess the right of successsion when there are no males left to succeed, during the monarchy upon marriage they were compelled to renounce their succession rights to the Austro-Hungarian thrones.

First part of the line of succession



    Descendants of Karl von Habsburg (born 1961; son of Otto von Habsburg
    Otto von Habsburg
    Otto von Habsburg , also known by his royal name as Archduke Otto of Austria, was the last Crown Prince of Austria-Hungary from 1916 until the dissolution of the empire in 1918, a realm which comprised modern-day Austria, Hungary, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, the Czech Republic, Slovakia,...

    )
  1. Archduke Ferdinand
    Archduke Ferdinand Zvonimir of Austria
    -Notes:...

     (born 1997, only son of Karl)

    Descendants of Otto von Habsburg
    Otto von Habsburg
    Otto von Habsburg , also known by his royal name as Archduke Otto of Austria, was the last Crown Prince of Austria-Hungary from 1916 until the dissolution of the empire in 1918, a realm which comprised modern-day Austria, Hungary, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, the Czech Republic, Slovakia,...

     (1912–2011; son of Emperor Charles I)

  2. Archduke Georg (born 1964, younger son of Otto); married to Duchess Eilika of Oldenburg
    Archduchess Eilika of Austria
    Duchess Eilika of Oldenburg is the wife of Georg von Habsburg, the third in the line of succession to the titular Austro-Hungarian throne. She is currently 794th in line for the British throne. She is a daughter of Duke Johann of Oldenburg and his wife Countess Ilka of Ortenburg...

    , 1 son
  3. Archduke Karl-Konstantin (born 2004, son of Georg)

    Descendants of Emperor Charles I (1887–1922)
    ;Descendants of Archduke Rober

  4. Archduke Lorenz of Austria-Este (born 1955, eldest son of Robert
    Robert, Archduke of Austria-Este
    Robert, Archduke of Austria-Este, Prince Imperial of Austria, Prince Royal of Hungary, Bohemia and Croatia , was born as the second son of Karl I, last Emperor of Austria-Hungary, and Zita of Bourbon-Parma.-Archduke of Austria-Este:On 16 April 1917, at the age of two, Robert was created Archduke of...

     (1915–1996)); married to Princess Astrid of Belgium, 2 sons
  5. Archduke Amadeo of Austria-Este (born 1986, elder son of Lorenz)
  6. Archduke Joachim of Austria-Este (born 1991, younger son of Lorenz)
  7. Archduke Gerhard of Austria-Este (born 1957, second son of Robert)
  8. Archduke Martin of Austria-Este (born 1959, youngest son of Robert); married to Princess Katharina von Isenburg
    Isenburg-Birstein
    Isenburg-Birstein was the name of two German historical states based around Birstein in southeastern Hesse, Germany. The first "Isenburg-Birstein" was a County and was created as a partition of Isenburg-Büdingen-Birstein in 1628. It was merged into Isenburg-Offenbach in 1664. The second...

    , 3 sons
  9. Archduke Bartholomäus of Austria-Este (born 2006, eldest son of Martin)
  10. Archduke Emmanuel of Austria-Este (born 2008, second son of Martin)
  11. Archduke Luigi Amedeo of Austria-Este (born 2011, third son of Martin)

    Other Archdukes

    ;Descendants of Archduke Feli

  12. Archduke Carl Philipp (born 1954, eldest son of Felix
    Archduke Felix of Austria
    Archduke Felix of Austria was the last surviving child of the last Austrian Emperor Charles I and a member of the House of Habsburg-Lorraine...

     (1916–2011))); morganatically married to (1) [divorced] Martina Donath, (2) Annie-Claire Lacrambe, two sons, one by either marriage.
  13. Archduke István (born 1961, youngest son of Felix); married to Paola de Temesváry, 2 sons
  14. Archduke Andreas (born 1994, elder son of István)
  15. Archduke Pál (born 1997, younger son of István)
    ;Descendants of Archduke Carl Ludwi

  16. Archduke Rudolf (born 1950, elder son of Carl Ludwig (1918–2007)), married to Baronne Hélène de Villenfagne de Vogelsanck, six sons
  17. Archduke Karl Christian (born 1977, eldest son of Rudolf) married to Estelle de Saint-Romain
  18. Archduke Johannes (born 1981, second son of Rudolf)
  19. Archduke Thomas (born 1986, third son of Rudolf)
  20. Archduke Franz-Ludwig (born 1988, fourth son of Rudolf)
  21. Archduke Michael (born 1990, fifth son of Rudolf)
  22. Archduke Josef (born 1991, youngest son of Rudolf)
  23. Archduke Carl Christian
    Archduke Carl Christian of Austria
    Archduke Carl Christian of Austria is a member of the House of Habsburg-Lorraine and Archduke and Prince of Austria, Prince of Hungary, Croatia, and Bohemia...

     (born 1954, younger son of Carl Ludwig); married to Princess Marie Astrid of Luxembourg
    Archduchess Marie Astrid of Austria
    Archduchess Marie Astrid of Austria , is the oldest daughter and the first child of Grand Duke Jean and Grand Duchess Joséphine-Charlotte, and the wife of Archduke Carl Christian of Austria...

    , 3 sons
  24. Archduke Imre (born 1985, eldest son of Carl Christian)
  25. Archduke Christoph (born 1988, second son of Carl Christian)
  26. Archduke Alexander (born 1990, youngest son of Carl Christian)
    ;Descendants of Archduke Rudol

  27. Archduke Karl Peter (born 1955, elder surviving son of Archduke Rudolf of Austria (1919–2010), married to Fürstin Alexandra von Wrede)
  28. Archduke Lorenz (born 2003, son of Karl Peter)
  29. Archduke Simeon
    Archduke Simeon of Austria
    Archduke Simeon Carl Eugen Joseph Leopold of Austria is an Archduke and Prince of Austria and a Prince of Hungary, Croatia, and Bohemia. Simeon is the third-eldest child of Archduke Rudolf of Austria and his first wife Countess Xenia Czernichev-Besobrasov...

     (born 1958, younger surviving son of Rudolf, married to Princess María of Bourbon-Two Sicilies
    Princess María of Bourbon-Two Sicilies
    Archduchess María of Austria is a Princess of Bourbon-Two Sicilies and the wife of Archduke Simeon of Austria.-Family:...

    )
  30. Archduke Johannes (born 1997, eldest son of Simeon)
  31. Archduke Ludwig (born 1998, second son of Simeon)
  32. Archduke Philipp (born 2007, youngest son of Simeon)

    Descendants of Archduke Maximilian Eugen of Austria
    Archduke Maximilian Eugen of Austria
    Maximilian Eugen Ludwig Friedrich Philipp Ignatius Joseph Maria was an Archduke of Austria.- Family :Maximilian was the second son of Archduke Otto of Austria and Princess Maria Josepha of Saxony...

     (1895–1952, brother of Charles I)

  33. Archduke Maximilian (born 1961, son of Ferdinand, 1918–2004, grandson von Maximilian Eugen); married to Sara Maya Al-Askari, 2 sons
  34. Archduke Nikolaus (born 2005, elder son of Maximilian)
  35. Archduke Constantin (born 2007, younger son of Maximilian)
  36. Archduke Heinrich (born 1925, younger son of Maximilian Eugen); married to Gräfin Ludmilla von Galen, 3 sons
  37. Archduke Philipp (born 1962, eldest son of Heinrich); married to Mayasuni Heath
  38. Archduke Ferdinand (born 1965, second son of Heinrich); married to Gräfin Katharina von Hardenberg
  39. Archduke Jakob-Maximilian (born 2002, son of Ferdinand)
  40. Archduke Konrad (born 1971, youngest son of Heinrich); married to Ashmita Goswami

    Tuscany line


    Descendants of Archduke Ferdinand IV, Grand Duke of Tuscany
    Ferdinand IV, Grand Duke of Tuscany
    Ferdinand IV, Grand Duke of Tuscany was the last Grand Duke of Tuscany from 1859 to 1860. The House of Habsburg-Lorraine continued to hold the title as pretenders until the end of World War I.-Biography:...

     (1835–1908)

  41. Archduke Leopold Franz, Prince of Tuscany
    Archduke Leopold Franz of Austria
    Archduke Leopold Franz of Austria was a member of the Tuscan line of the House of Habsburg-Lorraine and Archduke and Prince of Austria, Prince of Hungary, Bohemia, and Tuscany by birth...

     (born 1942, son of Archduke Gottfried (1902–1984), grandson of Peter Ferdinand (1874–1948), great-grandson of Ferdinand IV.; renounced his rights as (Titular) Grand Duke of Tuscany and Head of the Tuscany line in favour of his son, married to (1) [divorced] Laetitia de Belzunce-d'Arenberg
    Laetitia d'Arenberg
    Laetitia d'Arenberg, formally Lætitia Marie Madelaine Susanne Valentine de Belzunce d'Arenberg, was born on September 2, 1941 in Brummana, Mandate of Lebanon now Lebanon. She is a French Uruguayan businesswoman.-Background:...

    , (2) [divorced] Marta Perez Valverde). Issue by first marriage only.
  42. Archduke Sigismund, Grand Duke of Tuscany
    Archduke Sigismund, Grand Duke of Tuscany
    Archduke Sigismund of Austria, Grand Duke of Tuscany is the titular Grand Duke of Tuscany and current head of the Tuscan branch of the House of Habsburg-Lorraine.-Biography:Sigismund was born in Lausanne the son of Archduke Leopold Franz and his first wife Princess...

     (born 1966, elder son of Leopold Franz); married to Elyssa Edmonstone
    Edmonstone Baronets
    The Edmonstone Baronetcy, of Duntreath in the County of Stirling, is a title in the Baronetage of Great Britain. It was created 20 May 1774 for Archibald Edmonstone, 11th of Duntreath, Member of Parliament for Dumbartonshire and Ayr Burghs. He was succeeded by his third but eldest surviving son,...

    )
  43. Archduke Leopold, Grand Prince of Tuscany (born 2001, elder son of Sigismund)
  44. Archduke Maximilian, Prince of Tuscany (born 2004, younger son of Sigismund)
  45. Archduke Guntram, Prince of Tuscany (born 1967, younger son of Leopold Franz); morganatically married to Debora de Sola, created Gräfin von Habsburg, with issue.
  46. Archduke Radbot, Prince of Tuscany (born 1938, son of Georg (1905–1952), grandson of Peter Ferdinand (1974–1948)); morganatically married to Caroline Proust, with issue.
  47. Archduke Georg, Prince of Tuscany (born 1952, son of Georg (1905–1952)), not married

    Descendants of Archduke Karl Salvator of Austria-Tuscany (1839–1892, brother of Ferdinand IV, Grand Duke of Tuscany
    Ferdinand IV, Grand Duke of Tuscany
    Ferdinand IV, Grand Duke of Tuscany was the last Grand Duke of Tuscany from 1859 to 1860. The House of Habsburg-Lorraine continued to hold the title as pretenders until the end of World War I.-Biography:...

    )

  48. Archduke Dominik, Prince of Tuscany (born 1937, son of Anton (1901–1987), grandson of Leopold Salvator (1863–1931), great-grandson of Karl Salvator); morganatically married twice (1) [divorced] to Engel von Voss, 2 sons; (2) Emmanuela (Nella) Mlynarski.
  49. Archduke Leopold, Prince of Tuscany (born 1956, son of Friedrich Salvator (1927–1999), grandson of Hubert Salvator (1894–1971), great-grandson of Franz Salvator (1866–1939), great-great-grandson of Karl Salvator (1839–1892)), not married
  50. Archduke Alexander Salvator, Prince of Tuscany (born 1959, brother of Leopold); married to Countess Maria-Gabriele von Waldstein
  51. Archduke Constantin Salvator, Prince of Tuscany (born 2002, son of Alexander Salvator)
  52. Archduke Paul Salvator, Prince of Tuscany (born 2003, son of Alexander)
  53. Archduke Andreas Salvator, Prince of Tuscany (born 1936, son of Hubert Salvator); married to (1) [divorced (annulled 2002)] Maria de la Piedad Espinosa de los Monteros y Rosillo (2) 2001 and 2003 (religious) Countess Valerie Podstatzky-Lichtenstein. Issue by the second marriage only.
  54. Archduke Thaddäus Salvator, Prince of Tuscany (born 2002 son of Andreas Salvator)
  55. Archduke Casimir Salvator, Prince of Tuscany (born 2003, son of Andreas Salvator)
  56. Archduke Markus, Prince of Tuscany (born 1946, son of Hubert Salvator); married morganatically to Hildegard (Hilde) Maria Jungmayr, with issue.
  57. Archduke Johann, Prince of Tuscany (born 1947, son of Hubert Salvator); married morganatically to Anne-Marie Stummer, with issue.
  58. Archduke Michael, Prince of Tuscany (born 1949, son of Hubert Salvator); married to Eva Antonia von Hoffman, with issue.
  59. Archduke Franz Salvator, Prince of Tuscany (born 1927, son of Theodor Salvator (1899–1978), grandson of Franz Salvator (1866–1939), great-grandson of Karl Salvator; married (1) Anna-Amalie Prinzessin von Schönburg-Waldenburg (divorced 1966); (2) morganatically 1980 Hedwig Lichem-Lowenburg, with issue.
  60. Archduke Carl Salvator, Prince of Tuscany (born 1936, brother of Franz Salvator (1899–1978); married to Edith Wenzl Frn von Sternbach, 4 sons
  61. Archduke Matthias, Prince of Tuscany (born 1971, eldest son of Carl Salvator); married morganatically twice (1) [divorced] Sabine Binder, (2) Eva Anderle. Issue by second marriage only.
  62. Archduke Johannes, Prince of Tuscany (born 1974, second son of Carl Salvator)
  63. Archduke Bernhard, Prince of Tuscany (born 1977, third son of Carl Salvator)
  64. Archduke Benedikt, Prince of Tuscany (born 1983, youngest son of Carl Salvator)

    Hungarian Palatine line


    Descendants of Archduke Joseph, Palatine of Hungary (1776–1847)

  65. Archduke Joseph Árpád
    Archduke Joseph Arpad of Austria
    József Árpád Habsburg , is a member of the Hungarian Palatine branch of the House of Habsburg-Lorraine....

     (born 1933, son of Joseph Franz (1895–1957), grandson of Joseph August (1872–1962), great-grandson of Joseph Karl (1833–1905), great-great-grandson of Joseph Anton (1776–1847); Head of the Palatine of Hungary line); married to Princess Maria of Löwenstein-Wertheim-Rosenberg
    Princess Maria of Löwenstein-Wertheim-Rosenberg
    -Titles and styles:*6 November 1935 – 25 August 1956: Her Serene Highness Princess Maria of Löwenstein-Wertheim-Rosenberg*25 August 1956 – present: Her Imperial and Royal Highness Archduchess and Princess Maria of Austria; Princess Maria of Hungary, Croatia, and Bohemia-Ancestry:-References:...

    , issue 4 surviving sons
  66. Archduke Joseph Karl (born 1960, eldest surviving son of Joseph Árpád)
  67. Archduke Joseph Albrecht (born 1994, elder son of Joseph Karl)
  68. Archduke Paul Leo (born 1996, younger son of Joseph Karl)
  69. Archduke Andreas (born 1963, second surviving son of Joseph Árpád); married to Countess Marie-Christine von Hatzfeldt-Dönhoff, issue 3 sons.
  70. Archduke Friedrich-Cyprian (born 1995, eldest son of Andreas)
  71. Archduke Pierre (born 1997, second son of Andreas)
  72. Archduke Benedikt-Alexander (born 2005, youngest son of Andreas)
  73. Archduke Nikolaus (born 1973, third surviving son of Joseph Árpád); married to Eugenia de Calonje y Gurrea, 2 sons
  74. Archduke Nicolás (born 2003, elder son of Nikolaus)
  75. Archduke Santiago (born 2006, younger son of Nikolaus)
  76. Archduke Johannes (born 1975, son of Joseph Árpád); married to María Gabriela Montenegro Villamizar
  77. Archduke Johannes (born 2010, son of Johannes)
  78. Archduke Géza
    Geza von Habsburg
    Archduke Géza of Austria, Prince Imperial of Austria, Prince Royal of Hungary, Croatia, and Bohemia , in Austria and Hungary only known by law as Géza von Habsburg, is the son of Archduke Joseph Francis of Austria and his wife Princess Anna of Saxony...

     (born 1940, brother of Joseph Árpád); married morganatically twice (1) [divorced] Monika Decker and (2) Elizabeth Jane Kunstadter. Issue by both marriages.
  79. Archduke Michael (born 1942, brother of Joseph Árpád); married to Princess Christiana of Löwenstein-Wertheim-Rosenberg, his sister-in-law, issue 2 sons
  80. Archduke Eduard (born 1967, elder son of Michael); married to Baroness Maria Theresia von Gudenus, 1 son
  81. Archduke Paul (born 2000, son of Eduard)
  82. Archduke Paul (born 1968, younger son of Michael), a Jesuit priest