was an illustrated newspaper published in Paris
Paris is the capital and largest city in France, situated on the river Seine, in northern France, at the heart of the Île-de-France region...
The French Republic , The French Republic , The French Republic , (commonly known as France , is a unitary semi-presidential republic in Western Europe with several overseas territories and islands located on other continents and in the Indian, Pacific, and Atlantic oceans. Metropolitan France...
from 1832 to 1937. It published caricatures, political cartoons and review
A review is an evaluation of a publication, a product or a service, such as a movie , video game, musical composition , book ; a piece of hardware like a car, home appliance, or computer; or an event or performance, such as a live music concert, a play, musical theater show or dance show...
s. After 1835, when the government banned political caricature, Le Charivari
began publishing satires of everyday life.
The newspaper was started by caricaturist Charles Philipon
Charles Philipon . Born in Lyon, he was a French lithographer, caricaturist and journalist. He was the editor of the La Caricature and of Le Charivari, both satirical political journals....
and his brother-in-law Gabriel Aubert to reduce their financial risk of censorship fines. They also had published the satirical, anti-monarchist, illustrated newspaper La Caricature
, which had more pages and was printed on more expensive paper. In Le Charivari
, they featured humorous content which was not so political. Ownership of the paper changed often due to issues with government censorship, and related taxes and fines.
published daily from 1832 to 1936, and then weekly until 1937.
In 1841 English engraver, Ebenezer Landells
Ebenezer Landells was an English wood-engraver, illustrator, and magazine proprietor....
, together with Henry Mayhew
Henry Mayhew was an English social researcher, journalist, playwright and advocate of reform. He was one of the two founders of the satirical and humorous magazine Punch, and the magazine's joint-editor, with Mark Lemon, in its early days...
, used Le Charivari
as the model to establish their Punch
Punch, or the London Charivari was a British weekly magazine of humour and satire established in 1841 by Henry Mayhew and engraver Ebenezer Landells. Historically, it was most influential in the 1840s and 50s, when it helped to coin the term "cartoon" in its modern sense as a humorous illustration...
magazine, subtitled The London Charivari
Selected contributing artists
Contributing with lithographs, woodcut
Woodcut—occasionally known as xylography—is a relief printing artistic technique in printmaking in which an image is carved into the surface of a block of wood, with the printing parts remaining level with the surface while the non-printing parts are removed, typically with gouges...
s, and (after 1870) with zincographies
Zincography was a planographic printing process that used zinc plates. Alois Senefelder first mentioned zinc's lithographic use as a substitute for Bavarian limestone in his 1801 English patent specifications . In 1834, the Frenchman Breugnot patented a zincographic printing process, producing...
- Cham (Amédée de Noé)
Charles Amédée de Noé, known as Cham was a French caricaturist and lithographer. Raised by a family who wished him to attend a polytechnic school, he instead attended painting workshops by Nicolas Charlet and Paul Delaroche and began work as a cartoonist, taking on the pseudonym "Cham"...
- Honoré Daumier
Honoré Daumier was a French printmaker, caricaturist, painter, and sculptor, whose many works offer commentary on social and political life in France in the 19th century....
- Alexandre-Gabriel Decamps
]Alexandre-Gabriel Decamps was a French painter.He was born in Paris. In his youth he travelled in the East, and reproduced Oriental life and scenery with a bold fidelity to nature that puzzled conventional critics...
- Achille Devéria
Achille Jacques-Jean-Marie Devéria was a French painter and lithographer. His father was a civil employee of the navy and student of Anne-Louis Girodet-Trioson and Louis Lafitte ....
- Gustave Doré
Paul Gustave Doré was a French artist, engraver, illustrator and sculptor. Doré worked primarily with wood engraving and steel engraving.-Biography:...
- Eugène Forest
- Paul Gavarni
Paul Gavarni was the nom de plume of Sulpice Guillaume Chevalier , a French caricaturist, born in Paris...
- André Gill
André Gill was a French caricaturist. Born Louis-Alexandre Gosset de Guînes at Paris, the son of the Comte de Guînes and Sylvie-Adeline Gosset, he studied at this city's Academy of Fine Arts. He adopted the pseudonym André Gill in homage to his hero, James Gillray. Gill began illustrating for...
- Alfred Grévin
Alfred Grévin was a 19th century caricaturist, best known during his lifetime for his caricature silhouettes of contemporary Parisian women...
- Grandville (Jean-Ignace-Isidore Gérard)
Jean Ignace Isidore Gérard , generally known by the pseudonym of J. J. Grandville, was a French caricaturist.-Life and work:...
- Paul Hadol
Paul Hadol was a French illustrator, draftsman and caricaturist.Hadol collaborated with periodicals such as Le Gaulois, Le Journal Amusant, High Life, Le Charivari, Le Monde comique, La Vie Parisienne and L'Eclipse and with Mailly and Baillard under the pseudonym White...
- Maurice Loutreuil
- Robert Macaire
Robert Macaire was a noted criminal and assassin who appears in French plays. His name is renowned in French culture as that of the archetypal villain....
- Henri Monnier
- Charles-Joseph Traviès de Villers, known as Traviès
- Louis Touchagues
- Gaspard-Félix Tournachon, known as Nadar
Selected contributing writers
- Louis Desnoyers
- Louis Leroy
Louis Leroy was a French 19th century engraver, painter, and successful playwright. However, he is remembered as the journalist and art critic for the French satirical newspaper Le Charivari, who coined the term "impressionists" to satirise the artists now known by the word.Leroy's review was...
- Henri Rochefort
- Agenor Altaroche
- Philibert Audebrand
- Charles Bataille
- Clément Caraguel
- Albert Cler
- Taxile Delord
- Louis Adrien Huart
- Henry Maret
- Honoré Daumier exhibition MASTERWORKS FINE ART INC, refers to Charivari, copy archived 2006-06-15
- Le Charivari] in Gallica, the digital library of the BnF
BNF may stand for:In science:*Biological nitrogen fixation, a process that converts nitrogen in the atmosphere to ammonia*British National Formulary, the standard drug reference manual**British National Formulary for Children...